Newspaper Page Text
A Ruin Gauge in good onlor.
Honolulu, Oct. 4, 1889. 30!) 2t
atf u fftuTTqf in
Vnlftil to neither Sect nor Putin
Hut established for the benefit of all.
SATURDAY", OCT. 5, 1889.
THE MINISTERIAL STATEMENT.
The statement of the Cabinet re
garding the draft of n new recipro
city treaty with the United States is
clear in it" information and explicit
in its denial of any attempted be
trayal of the Kingdom's independ
ence. It is, in short, not malciially
inconsistent with llic statement pre
viously made by a Minister through
the Bum.i:tix. There can lie no
question, however, from the Minis
try's declarations, that the Hawaiian
Islands would be less independent
under such a treaty than they arc
now. Willi respcet to the treaty
making power, for instance, the
Kingdom would be reduced to a par
with self-governing British colonies
in their relations to the mother
country. In other words, we should
have autonomy hut not independ
ence. It is not worth while disputing
about terms, however. The ques
tion for the country is whether the
proposed curtailment of our present
independence would be compensat
ed for by the accompanying advan
tages of the treat-. What arc those
advantages? Commercial intercourse
with our by far the greatest and
most accessible market would be
greatly enhanced. Thi- may be
modified by considerations of reve
nue from the customs and of the
interests of local industries worth
while cheiishing. As to the politi
cal partjof the proposed treaty, it
substitutes an unequivocal guaran
tee of home rule by one great
Power, and that the nearest to us
in nearly every relation, for the sim
ple lecognition of Hawaiian inde
pendence by Great Britain and
France in tieatics, and by the con
templated protecting Power, the
United States, in her precedent and
policy. Two great Powers with un
doubtedly aggressive tendencies in
the Pacific Germany and Russia
arc unpledged to the recognition of
our independence. Either may at
any time, under pressure of their
relations with other Powers, or
otherwise, regard our independence
as but a feather in the way of their
designs while our present position
continues. Under such circum
stances a treaty with the United
States, that included a guarantee by
that powerful nation of our self
government, would certainly be an
improvement upon a situation of
The foregoing are all considera
tions well worthy the serious dis
cussion of our people, and this
brings us to the point raised against
the Ministry of having maintained
secrecy in the mailer. It is denied
categoiically by the Cabinet that
the treaty was submitted to the
King for signature. Even if it had
been, however, the measure could
not have been sprung upon the
country as a fixed fact except by
the forcible dictation of the United
States, which we think need not
have been appichended. The King
dom is protected in this regard by
iho Constitution, which provides
that treaties involving changes in
the tariff icquire to be unified by
the Legislature. Wc have icason
Xo believe that the proposed treaty
was suggested from Washington,
with an understanding that the Ural
apparent move should come from
Hawaii. Perhaps diplomatic prac
tice required secrecy up to a cer
tain stage, but, in tnch h vastly im
poitnnt matter, it would he a high
handed procedure to commit the
country irrevocably to the treaty
without consulting the people. Such
an act would bo trampling upon our
independence when itwasstillin full
blonm. It is denied by some who
profess to bo cognizant of all the
late proceedings that the Ministry
did not venture to this length not
withstanding their disclaimer, bad
we should like .since to much hav
been divulged that on this point
there should be a further clearing
of the atmosphere. '
THE TREATY STATEMENT.
EwroH Bullltix: Having care
fully read the '-reply of the Cabinet
to the committee of the uutivn mass
meeting," In relation to a projected
treaty with the United States, pub
lisueu in your columns, I have
reached conclusions In regard thoie-
lo, which, rliht or wrong, 1 dcjlte
to express briefly through your col
umns. The document is concise and
clear, and the reasons assigned for
desiring and endeavoring to promoto
closer and more assured commercial
lchxtions with the United States
such aa commend themselves in the
main to the common sense of men
familiar with the condition and re
quirements of this kingdom. I, for
one, would find no fault with the
Cabinet for seeking in a ptoner way,
to strengthen the connection of
friendship and commerce between
the two countries. Indeed, this is
in the straight line of their manifest
duty. But they, of all men, should
not favor this desideratum at the
expense of their countiy's indepen
dence; for they represent a party
which has adopted, in convention,
"independence" as a main feature
of its policy. The Ministers, ac
cording to the "reply," are in har
mony with this policy, for they pro
fess to "desire" to 'secure the
safely and perpetuation of our in
stitutions by mi alliance whereby we
shall have the positive and cfllca
cious guarantee of a strong friend
against intcifcrcnce by itsolf or oth
ers with our perfect autonomy, in
dependence, and sovereignty." And
yet immediately following this they
admit having instructed llic Hawai
ian icprcscntativo at Washington to
ascertain if the United States would
be willing to negotiate with us a
convention "to continue in force all
treaties and conventions now existing
between the two nations, until they
shall find it mutually advantageous
to abrogate or modify such treaties
or conventions, or any of them."
The projected tieaty is to provide
also that Hawaii is "not to nego
tiate treaties with other nations
without the knowledge of the Unit
ed States Government." How, in
the name of common sense and the
Queen's English, inability to res
cind or modify an existing treaty
without the permission of the other
party, or to negotiate n Ueaty with
any other country without the
"knowledge," which means "con
sent" also, of the United Slates
Government, can consist with na
tional independence, 1 cannot un
derstand. It appears to me that a
tieaty of the nature which the. Min
isterial reply outlines destroys Ha
waiian independence, although main
taining it- autonomy. It establishes
a protectorate to all" intents and pur
poses, and robs us of our light of
independent action in international
atfaiii. Finally, J hope to be par
doned for indulging the suspicion
that the Cabinet's icplyisnotso
frank as it appears to be to general
readers. It says, "no treaty has
been submitted to His Majesty for
simiature," and "any statements of
objects or intentions, and any pur
ported dialt of a treaty stating more
or other than is aboe indicated
which may have been published, arc
unfounded and incorrect." Cm the
Cabinet say that no treaty was sub
mitted to the King for considera
tion''' Will the Ministers assert that
the document, of which a copy was
published in the IU'm.ktix and other
papers a week or so ago, or a docu
ment of similar import, was not
seen, consideied, and at one time
assented to by them? Wero not the
"objects and intentions" expressed
in that document those of the Gov
ernment at one time, not many
weeks ago? If these questions can
be truthfully answered in the nega
tive, then a false impression exists
in some quailers, which impression
is not unfounded."
A GHINESE VIEW.
Editok Ih'i.Liniv: I am not cer
tain that it belongs to modern ethics,
but it is an old pagan doctrine
never to condemn a cause without
hearing and weighing both sides of
the question. To me it seems es
pecially the duty of every fair
minded man to lollow this com be
when the dispute arises out of race
conditions, wherein race prejudice
is likely to hinder justice by obscur
ing the judgment.
My people are again being made
the butt of a political campaign, in
which wo feel that wc are being used
by politicians more as a pretext for
a political isitie than the facts and
justice of our case warrant.
Without entering into detail, I
wish to call attention to the fact
that hi) came here under invitation
made in good faith by the while
people of this country. That our
picsence heic violates no law of the
land and that our past rcsidenco
here has been the admitted main
cause ol Hawaiian prosperity. At
the same time wc wish it distinctly
understood that the Chinese here do
not iibii pr ask for unlimited immi
gration of their countiyiueit to Ha
waii, as this would bp a drawback
to us, who have done the bjnden of
labor, a well as to other residents j
but wc do nil; justice and fair piny
for the Chinese now here,
The peculiar iudustiinl conditions
existing here mado the Chinese
necchsary for the development of
the Islands. It still remains an
open question if there is not yet a
demand for a form of labor cheaper
than the while man's. In fact ex
periment go far shows that the
Chines arc tho only race who have
successfully filled tlic physical de
mauds of climate and the financial
demands of the two staples of the
Kingdom sugar and rice.
After these demands have been
met by my people and the financial
status of the kingdom has been rait
ed from u few hundred thousand
dollars lo millions of dollars, a few
suilx jsvLkwtmi &awo&ujLtf, a, l, wofflii , jA9.
politicians, representing n small
ninjorllv of the people of Ha
waii and n small portion of tho
wcnllh of llic kingdom, wish us to
leave tho conntry with tho small ,
personal rewards wo have thus far
reaped. In other words, after wc 1
have succeeded in developing the I
resources of Hawaii into streams of i
foreign commeice, the politicians I
do not pioposo to allow us a finger I
in such commerce, for fear wo will )
come into competition with the (
white clement of the Kingdom.
It is admitted that white and na
tive laborers are a failure as far as
plantation woik Is concerned. On
the other hand it is charged, that
by starting stores in Honolulu and
elsewhere we come into' competition
with the white and native citizens.
The fact of the matter seems to be
that Chinese store-keepers only
come into competition with the
white merchants. In this competi
tion wc believe wc hnvc the hacking
of the majority of the white and na
tive middle and laboring classes, for
tho reason that the Chinese mer
chants arc satisfied with a reason
able profit, such as is charged in the
United States and Europe, while the
white merchants of Honolulu charge
the general public all the way fiom
fifty lo three hundred per cent, ad
vance for the same goods.
The politicians say nothing of
Ihese points, because they arc de
pendent upon the white mciehnnta
for their main support in politics.
Cincinnati, TJ. S. A.
The Rookw-ood l'Mtury wagrM.ibMshed
nt Cincinnati in 1830 Yiy ilia. Mm in
Longworth frtrcr, whose father, Joseph
Lmigwonh, was Ihe founder of ilie Art
School anil a chief patron of llic Art
Museum in the same city. The artittlc
Impulse which inspli oil the venture rumo
fiomthc ceramic display of Japan at
t ii: t.'enlcnt.ial I chibition of 1870, ami
i!fo production sull 1'ears tho imprcps of
Umt inmituce. For a time a ichool for
no'tery painting loiraed pait of the
s'hciuu, and from tho beginning the
commercial tide f Ihe enterprise has
been subordinate to the artistic.
The waie is a true faience, made of
Hns from neighboring deposits in the
Ohio Valley, while the decorators, with
uie exception ot one native Japanese,
and including the foundei hirse'f, aro
j:uduntcs from the local Art School.
! lie artists are encouraged to give to
inch piece nu iwlhidunl character, and
as no printing ptuecss is in use iluplica.
tions are seldom even altemptul. After
in early imitative pciiod tuee enndi.
tions, anlrd liy the native iavtntiro
faculty ami tho ample capitul at com.
in imi, have developed an Atncrimn pot.
tery w hich possesses mirkcd originality.
The coloring in liotli gicicds and
dceoiations is entirely underpins, and
the production divides itself into th'eo
elates: "Cameo" or i-hell tinted ware,
u-rd for thy tl!e; Dull Finish," whoie
surface, while soft in lexluro and easily
cleaned, has tht nppcaiancc of being un.
gla7ud; and lastly, Iho most cli-tinciire
nhiM of richly glazed ornamental woik.
fniencc ill all then1 cl.isses is the decora,
tire quality of the color groin iK Their
hirmonious blending is cirefully stu
died with icfcrinre'ln iho dccor.ition,
mid to lino exmnplu, especiilly of the
dailcrr toned glazes their softness, depth
arm iii'tro impaii a rare iieauty.
At the Pollery and Porcelain Exhibi
tion nf iho Pennsylvania Miucism, he'd
at Memorial Hull, Philadelphia, Nov.
embtr, lf88. the ltoakwoid lottery was
awarded lb- First Frizs for "Pottery
Modekd and Decorated," aud the Phst
Pri.J for ' Filiating Uudcrglaze," and
wns tho only 'aro in competition whoso
Qualities of Form wcio Specially Com.
mended by the Judges Mows Joseph
T. Bailey, XV. F. F. Longfellow, Henry
Outldu of Japin and China we do
not know where any colors and glazes
aro tn he found finer than thoc which
come from the It okwood Pottery. The
yellow, gre-ins, leda and brown arc
clear, bright and (strong, and of great
depth anil iichncn i.-i iho tone?, free
alike fiom that crudity which offends in
almost all our home-products in this
item, nan irom Hint moriild air of grain,
ftnd.yellow melancholy which the Eng.
INh tactorli t at one time lu'ido ro I'.ibIi.
ionahlo. In shape, indeed, novelty,
unlesd obtained nt the compHe sacrifice
ot beamy and icason. is nn longer pn.
slble, and the H' okwood Futility shows
good tasto in adhering to Die piiuciplei)
which are tins foundation of the system
of forms called cla-Mcnl, but its in.ui
ngersaie well aware that these priuci.
pics, having their seed in nature, aiu
rnpible of infinite development on nor.
mal line, nd the icjult of their study
U shown in the harmony, beauty and
viriety of the forms which tlicv givo lo
tho clay I Clarence Cook, jn "The
The pieces produced at Ihe Rookvocd
Pottery rank among the but They
have attracted the attention ofconuols.
Feurs abroad, and tho peculiar glozo
kniiwn iikMigei i'j'c"nioy bo reckoned
a a cufiV catvre of ceramic urt. J)es
jiiio ihe gieut losses Incurred in the first
lewjearsot it. esditenco it has never
wavend from it fiist o'jtc, Ihvt ot
producing a pottery which should bu a
credit to the country Fiof, K. S
Mome, author of "Japanese Hoiivh."
The art of Cincinu tti luia a jjood deal
the air nf being indigenous, and the
out.corao in the art ot ("living und ilc.
sign and in music his exhibited native
vigci The ctiy luu mude Itself a re
pututlou for wood carving and for deco
raiivc potlt-ry. The Rookwood Fol'ery,
the private uitnrprlM) of Mrs. Jiclhuuy
f torer, is Ihe only pottery in this conn,
try in which the instinct ot beanty is
paramount to the desire of profit, llr.io
for aperies of jear9 experiments have
been going on wild clajs ami gliiz.lng,
lu regard to fo'in und p.jlov nail In
decormion purely for effect, which have
icfiilled in pieces of marvellous interest
and beauty, i he effort bus always been
lo satlxfy u refined suiii.3 rather 'than to
cater to a vicious f.nie, or ono for 6tart.
ling ellccts already foimed. 1 mean,
that the effort ha not been lo still ihe
tasto of the market, hut lo raise Ihat
tuslo, 'Ihe result U some of the nicst
CAquiFlto woik In tiMuro and color any.
wberetoho found, and I was glad lu
learn tint It is gaining an appreciation
which will not In thi caso leave vlriud
to ho its own lew&rd. I Chnrlen Dudley
Warner, in "Harper's afagnutee."
HAWAIIAN HARDWARE Co.
, U70 2t
A COTTAfJK at Tnlatnn
isKkV ii! containing kitchen, sta.
Kli2s3 Wc, carriage huttrc and other
tomunienccs. Fur further pattlculars
apply to thu undersl'.'ncd.
C. MANAOl.H, ,
Awnroot SJlore, Mi unnkvn slue'.
For LBasyr Sale !
iTXfi. TfcESITtAlJL'E Property !
VW&Ki XJ 'timed at l'linnlioit.
fliv&-te Tin pi fin i e hu a Ji. niuje
nf SI Oft tt on Hinfhiin s'teut WO feel
on ArlP-inn t-treet i.rd KM fuel ou Anx
andii f-tn-U. Tlure is a commodious
Dwelling HmiS'J n ih' lot containing
patloi-.tUK-driiOinx, dliili'g to un MtIii-ii
and paiitiy. Abo, JUige "til-lu wi h
4 f 'alii, iiikI crrlago li'iu-'ftiii I n'lvaids'
ro'in. Artesian v.-itir throughout the
primisc. Tim giound ato well cov.
ndwllh grits und tioe. The house
his been thoroughly repainted nrlpa.
perc.l throughout. The healthy lncu
linn of thi propel ty and the ni'.iriici-s
to the Pitnahoii irnmcar. ninho it cm;
of the mot desirable I linlly n sldencei
ES'Ti it'iei pitrit.Mihirv a nlv to
TOO Hit V. V. MACFAHTi NI2.
TilO XiiipoH Viihmi KelKliIi'M Stw 3ui
fine A J Mecl fMeimihliili
2,."i'0 Ton Ih-iiifter.
ill hap foi tic: al(.c potW on
Saturday, Oct. Sth,
12 O'CLOCK SHARP.
SST For term of freight or pit'fnge,
h.iving Rupprloi cabin add Bteeiago ac
i oniniudaiioi"), apply lo
Vra. 0. IRWIN & CO.
857 tf Agnate
ImporeJ Diioct fiom Havana.
O. O. I3HSI2.GJ JUTS.
:t(i j lm
J. N. S. WILLIAMS.
Engineer & Contractor,
Is prepared to design and contract for
all classes of 8ug.ir Extraction Iaehi
ncry, Iirigaiing vtnehinery, Evnporat
ing Appaialus, Vacuum Fans, Engines
nf all kinds and for all purposes, Water
Wheel", Water Conduit', both pipes
and flumesj, Steam IJ'illcrs of various
kinds, Railroad Material and Kolling
Stock, Etc., Elc.
In all its branches a specialty.
Plantations supp'icd with Chemical and
Analytical Apparatus ot the very bct
description to order.
jSSf Close fitlenlion paid to all ordcts
and tatisfactioa to the purchaser gua
rnuloed. F. O. Uox 880 Fort f-trect,
THi: "ELELE" Iinow being published
in hnih Nutlvu and Fngllth on
trial for a period of six month. ThK
ha gicaily increased the cxpen-cs. To
meet this, fi lends have already added
hugely to oui subscription lists, and Us
publication in Kngllih will be con.
tinned permanently, if a faw hundred
morn mbseribrr:. can be obtained. The
"ELELE" 1 u
Tliorouglily Independent Newspaper !
Devoted to the Interest of all the noplo
of Hawaii, wltlm t regard to Cliques,
Factious or 1'ohtical Parties. Tho
"ELELE" Is alwayc. Urialtt, Sarhlinr
and Sicy! Read it I
carCall at iho Elelo Fublis-hlng Co ,
No. (13 King Mr(ct, for a sumplu copy
CSTSubJcriptlons neehel at tho rate
of $2 30 for tho six months. Mutual
Telephono No. 3U. i'Gl tl
1 flinntfa nt Tuna In R Qe)nnHe I
vuuuqU ui ijjjo hi u uuivuua I
WrlilDg In Plain Sight I
Simple and Durable !
tW Call un;l sea sample machluc at
HAWAIIAN NEWS CO,,
General Agenig for Hawaiian Iblande.
kl-XSiirA J$ 'H
Is IsMiinca now form of insutancc which provides, in the event of death, for a return of all premiums paid in ad
dition to the amount of the policy, or, should the insured ttitvlvu a given number of years, the Company will
U-turn all the premiums paid wilh'inteiesl; or, instead of ncceplimr the policy and profits in cash the lecr.il holder
Say, lTIIOirrMEDl(JALKXAMINATIONandVITI10rTl'rKTIlKR PAYMENT OF PREMIUMS, lake in
lieu thereof the amount of policy and piofits in FULLY PAID UP insurance, pat ticipating annually in dividends.
Remember, tbts contract is issued by the oldest Hfo Insurance Company in tho United States, nnd the Lar
gest Financial Institution in tho "U'oild, its assets ucecodisg One Hundred and Twenty-Six Millions of Dollnrs.
R3" For full particulars call on
;EWSO, SMITH & COMPANY,
WHOLESALE & RETAIL.
ii .-. in
r . t AiraiarviKraniDan x- cms. (T m
tfs ar t ;ii La m r n 'ji rn iai m ms-r fcjj-va ej ko
Owr Eniiro Slock ill a Sacrifice I Not n Few Special Itetluctions, lufc a Clean Sweep
in Every Department!
Commencing TUESDAY, Sept. 17th, our cntiio stock of Seasonable Goods will bo offered at prices that must attract
immediate attention. We need inoro loom to properly di-pl.iy our European purchases now on ,tho way, and have
resolved, that our present hlock MUST GO. Cost has not been considered! Prices hac been maikcd ou the Goods
TO SUIT YOU, not us! We aro bound lo keep trade lively! Vi.-it our chtablibbment, note the piices, and you
think so too.
700 pes Perthshire Lawns, 20 vds
Extra Fine Victoria Lawn, 12Jc per
Striped & Plain Naiusooks from 12-lc
200 pes of Col. Linen Lawns from -?2
1G0 do, of Ladies Col. Bord, Hand
kerchiefs, fiOe per doz.
Ladies B.ilbrigg.m Vests, good qua
lity, SOc each.
Ladies ltibbcd Vests, good qudity,
Cbihhcns Jersey Vests, extra good,
White Linen Napkins, Ce (small
No use to quote prices, variety too large, have been soiling cheap, but present stock will go for a mcro song, NEW
GOODS in this department will also sillier this week.
ET KK OIJK WJXHttW I)IS1JLVVY Ba 58T JSK35 OIJK WIS HOW DISPLAY -3
12 yds WHITE COTTON, good quality, 1 yd wide for $1. 15 yds UNBLEACHED,
gjCTOiir stock of MILLINERY is fho finest in this Kingdom. SPAR SAILOR HATS in White, Black, Ore
and Blown. 311 MEN'S DOUBLE-BREASTED FROCK COATS, cstra good mialitv, former price $20, $22.50 a
$25; we will sell during this sale at $10 EACH.
Ti 0 9 Ba ElHDP0a
MRS. MONROE, ladlca' mirso. has
removed to Nn. n, KuUiii lane
DIMINISHED ltoom' to let,
bouiiiweit corner of
iii.!'M"5 l'llrlfliluml mnl llnri..r.:,.
it for i
fttreeiH, would bo very convenient fori
- "-- - ' -. r. (III.
LATK Itethlcnco or
T ATH Reshlcnco nf
JLi Mr. Frank Brcwn,
T E.SIDKNCi: of
XV Mr, Jamos Love,
T ATE Hrildt-noo of K,nB rtre,1,
JU Mr. M, Green,
210 Kort Htruel.
STORE, Etc , now occuplwl liy
Mr. Wolfe, Grocer,
. . . King ttrcet.
SOT Apply to
A. J. OARTWlliailT,
309 tf Merchant street.
x '" JP
OU1 TlSW "5T03R.IS:
nr IT Si .r1 t55T ls. ir
isi'i! " ;ui i i im r,vti i m. il
- 'M 'JSSSkM
Xirm.Mr Jttj?rr T&s$':rvi3r&n-x. ja: "t-ii'r-v
&3L B SO
White Linen Napkin?, with col. bor.
and fringed, (extra good) 10c.
L-ulics Jc.inetlo Purasols, jiitL the
thing foi here.
Ladies Col P.ir.isols with laces, 75c,
1-JO doz. Cbildrena White Straw Hats,
ST"Wc expect to fell this entire
lot of Hats within a few days, you
will hnvo to buy a few when you see
82 pes Englcbcrt, part wool, Drees
Goods, d.uk th.ulcH,
iCWc limit the (piantity to 20
yds to each customer at7e per yard.
goon quality, I yu wide tor l.
B5JH W UblZ.9
CORNER OF FORT it HOTEL STREETS
New York Stiff & Opera Hats I
JS. rmSmrc ' . J WnaX,
KEW FALL.HTVLES JUST RECEIVED !
' VliitMifuWifr' vt.lViiiiilili - rMidmmmWinVu ' 'r .
m nEWnr" mm'MHuM IW'linj ai,iy;j?y
tS. 33. K08E,
Qcncinl Agent for the Ilnwniinn Islands.
jtfl tux?. ,
LACES Intended to quote prices
that would astonish you, but
want of space excludes it.
All our stock of TRIMMINGS at half
7Wo mean to sell 420 Childrona
White ifc Colored Dresses, in linen and
pique, nicely trimnied with colored
embroidery for 50 CENTS EACH.
We think they aro pretty, and at tho
prices we quote you will want some.
Ladies Balbiiggan Hose, silk decked,
25c per pair.
jgJSOur stock of Embroideiies,
Jlnnibuig Edgings and Skirtings, in
cludes a full lino of Nainsook, Swiss
and Canibiic choico designs.
se of H J. rishe!,
Agent for fho Hawaiinn Islands,
. '.-. ,l