Newspaper Page Text
MM MftliSfflif . mcmWs if iu MZtimh gft4 1569.
SATUHDAY, OCT. 20, iphd,
(Continued from 2nd I'lttje.)
Tho iiniioits for 1887
wero valued ut .. $142,322,003
Public ioenm 4.COO.O00
Public expeiuiiUnes 11,510,515
Tim foregoing are from statistical
works, not compiled for the pin pose
of jiving information pattirularly on
the subject, of Chinese.
"The Golden Chersonese," by
Miss Bird, 18S3, being an account
of a visit to the .Straits Settlements,
gives moie detail concerning the
subject than any other woik we
have found, and her works arc the
more weighty, as she. constantly
speaks in the friendliest terms of
the Chinese. On page 1 14 she
says, "The English, though power
ful as the ruling race, mo numer
ically nowhere, and certainly make
no impicssion on the eye. The Chi
nese, Mho number 80,000 out of a
population of 139,000, are not only
numerous enough, but rich and im
portant enough to give Singapore
the air of a Chinese town with a
foreign settlement." '
"The increase of population iu 10
years prior to 1881 was
Chinese '. 32,194
Tho European resident population
exclusive of soldiers is only 1,28!),"
and this in spile of the fact that
Singapore is the oflluial centre of all
tho Straits Settlements, the resi
dence of the Governor ami all the
necessary English ollicials.
Miss Bird speaks of "tho resist
less, overpowering, astonishing Chi
nese element, which is gradually
turning Singapore into a Chinese
She thus describes the steamer
from Singapore to the mainland:
"The Steamer Rainbow is one of
the many tokens of preponderating
Chinese influence in the Straits of
Malacca. The tickets aro Chinese
as well aB the ownership and crew.
The stiporcargo who took 1113' ticket
is a sleek young Chinaman. The
cabin passengers arc all Chinamen.
The deck was packed with Chinese
coolies. I am the only European
Of the neighboring town of Ma
lacca she Bays: "I must divulge the
singular fact that Malacca is to
moat intents and purposes a Chinese
city. " The English, except in
so far as relates to the administra
tion of government, are nowhere.
Of the population of the town
the majority aie Chinese, and still
their crowded junks arc rolling
down on the northeast monsoon."
'As I remarked before, the coast
ing trado of the Straits of Malacca,
is in their hands, and to such an ex
tent have they absorbed the tinde of
this colony that I am told there is
not a resident British merchant in
Malacca." The Chinese "own
most of the plantations up the coun
try, and have obtained the finest
site on the hill behind the town for
their, stately tombs. Every after
noon their carriages roll out into the
country, conveying them to their
substantial bungalows to smoke and
gamble. They have fabulous
riches. " The upper class of
tho Chinese merchants live iu im
mense houses within walled gardens.
The wives of all are secluded, and
inhabit the back regions mid haro
no share in the remarkable good
time which the men seem to have."
"By the census of 1881 the popu
lation of Malacca was 93,579, of
which there were Europcnns 32.
Aborigines of the Peninsula 308.
The decrease in tho number of
resident Europeans is 31.9 per cent,
in natives of India 42 per cent, and
in other nationalities 48.9 per cent.
On the other hand the Chinese popu
lation l'aa increased by 4(5 per cent
in ten years.
"In Georgetown, one of the
Straits Settlements, the Chinese who
number 45,000 are becoming com
mercially the most important of the
immigrant races, as they have long.
been numerically ana industrially.
In Georgetown, besides selling their
own and all sorts of foreign goods
m t nnnABn 11 n n t h ft n nnrt nil rt Ii ra
Ul lUUSUIJUUli; 1HICJ III "3IUIWI ouui'o,
they have laige mercantile houses,
and, as elsewhere, are graduully
gaining a considerable control over
the trade if the place. They also
occupy positions of trust in foreign
houses, and of there were a strike
among them all, business, not ex
cepting that of tho Post Olllce,
would come to a standstill. I went
into the Mercantile Bank and found
only Chinese clerks ; into the Post
Olllce and only saw tho same, and
when I wont to the P. &. O. Olllce
to take my berth for Ceylon, it was
still a Chinaman."
flth. A Commission of three Chi
nese ofllcials was sent out by the
Chinese Government in August 188G
to enquire into and report upon the
condition of Chinese abroad. They
spent 13 months in their investiga
tions, reporting in September 1887.
A synopsis of their report was
printed in the London Times, fiom
which e quote as follows: Speak
ing of the Straits Settlements: "Ileie
the Chinese number about 160,000
and are the richest among the in
habitants. Four-fifths of the landed
property is theirs, and lorgo mini
hersof Chinese laborers pass through
tho port every year."
"Tho number of Chinese subjects
at present trading or working in
foreign landi Is souml fliil!loii,and
in some pert llio emigration ia In
creasing" and our mercbanta ars
thriving. The advanced prosperity
of our people has attracted the at
tention of the various foreign gov
ernments and their jealousy has
been aroused. The Dutch authori
ties have been endeavoring to expel
the Chinese from their colonics and
collisions between the Chinese and
native are becoming of maic fre
Details of the present status of
the Chinese in Java, a Dutch Colony,
are not at hand hut it sulllces to sny
that they have been a constant cause
of friction and trouble in the coun
try. In Java there have twioe been
bloody encounters between the Chi
nese and the natives, iu which many
thousand Chinese were killed. In
spite of this the Chinese population
lias steadily increased as follows :
and, as appeals above, by the state
ment of the Chinese Commission,
the Dutch Government is now con
sidering steps to expel Chincaefiom
A restriction act has been put in
force in August of this year in Ma
nila whereby a limited number only
of Chinese are allowed to come on
any 6nc vessel, and a heavy poll tax
is assessed on each one.
Samoa has a total exclusion act
against Chinese. About a dozen
went there from Honolulu within the
year last past, and were refused per
mission to land under any condi
tions. IX. TAIil'II.
Tahiti is a French colony lying
about 2000 miles south of us. 'The
The Chinese population is about
Tahiti has had an act in force
for a number of years totallv pro
hibiting Chinese of any class from
Owing to scarcity of labor on the
cotton plantations, the local- Legis
lature in August of this year passed
a special act allowing a certain cot
ton planter to bring into the country
200 Chinamen upon the following
1. They are to come on 3 or 5
2. While in the country they are
to be exclusively confined to agri
cultural labor on the cotton planta
tion, and under no circumstances
allowed to engage in trade of an'
3. At the expiration of the con
tract they must cither ship again or
leave the country.
See "Messager dc Tahiti" of
August 10, 1889.
OUR OWN COUSTRT.
Having thus referred to the sta
tus of the question in other coun
tries, attention is directed to a few
facts in Hawaii.
The fir3t separate reference to
Chinese in the census table is in
From 1800 to 1884, the dale of
the last census, the leturnsshow tho
The estimate for 1889 la compiled
from Custom House Statistics, and
such records of birthsjand deaths ns
arc available. The Customs statis
tics also show that during the pe
riod since 1884 the arrivals and de
partures of Chinese have been ns
Number of Chinose as per cen
tum ut 1881 17937
Excess of Chinese arrivuls ovai
departuu'8,1885... ... . 1550
Excess of Chinese arrivals over
clopuituies, 1880 195
ExcesB of Chinese arrivals over
departures, 1837 . . .52
Exceed of departures over ar
livals 1888 3
Excess of departures ovor ar
rival (1) mos. 1889) 520
Estimated Chineso population
Sept. 30, 1889 19217
The foregoing figures show that
in the twenty-three years from 1800
to fS89 the Chinese have increased
within a fraction of 10 times the
number Hint .were here in the former
year, and that tUey now constitute
over one-fifth of our entire popula
tion. If we deduct the present
number of Jnpancso from the pre
sent total population it will mako
tins Chinese per cent, or of all
the remainder. A large portion of
the Japanese can bo counted upon
ns r temporary population only, a
large percentage of those whose la
bor contracts have expired having
already returned homo.
Reference is made secondly to Hit
principal licensed employments, the
following being a compilation from
the license records in the Interior
Ofllce from Sept. 1800 to Sept. 1889.
Total No. Chinese. Per Ct.
J SOU 0 0 0.
1800 0 0 0.
1873 0 0 0.
1877 0 0 0.
1681 0 0 0.
1885 302 40 lO.li
18S0 513 m 10.0
, . 117
. . 120
. . .to
. . 05
. . .V.!
The license employment statistics
show that in the 23 ycafa from 1860
to 1889 the Chinese have increased
at such a rate from almost nothing,
that thoy now hold
10.9 per cent or 1-9 of the
18.2 per cent or a fraction under
1-5 of the dray licenses.
20.0 per cnet or a fraction over 1-5
of the butcher licenses.
23.5 per cent or a fraction under
of the wholesale merchandise
27.9 per cent or over of the
38.2 per cent or over J of tho
horse hiring licenses.
57 per cent or over of tho whole
sale spirit licenses.
02 per cent or & of tlfe retail mer
84.7 per cent or 7-8 of the victual
91.8 per cent or "over 9-10 of tho
pork b'uteher licensesf
100 per cent or all of the cake
An endeavor has been made to as
certain the number and nationality
of those engaged iu mechanical em
ployments in th country. As the
census returns do not give this in
formation, recourse has been had to
tho Registry of Voters for 1887,
and to ciiculars addressed to the
principal employers of labor in
Tho results obtained are not sufll
ciently exact to be talcen as perfect
ly reliable, but they are sufllcicntly
ceitnin to warrant the statement
that there are now in Honolulu about
700 Hawaiian and foreign mechanics
and skilled laborers, other than
Chinese, and about GOO Chinese en
gaged in tho same employments.
In the light of history, with the
experience of what has happened
and is now happening in other coun
tries, the Ministers feel justified in
saying that unless adequate mea
sures are adopted, Oriental civili
zation will extinguish, and he sub
stituted for, the Anglo-Saxn civili
zation of this country.
The second proposition above
atated is that, "Tho perpetuation of
Anglo-Saxon civilization is essential
to the continuance of a free govern
ment and of the political independ
ence of this Kingdom."
To a grent extent tho commercial
prosperity of the country also de
pends upon the same condition.
Our prosent prosperous condition
is due very largely to ou: existing
treaty relations with tho United
States. We aro now trying to ex
tend and strengthen thoso relations.
With tho strong feeling which has
been mauifested on tho Chinese
question in the United States, and
especially on the Pacific Coast, it is
doubtful whether or nt that coun
try will willingly enlarge or even
continue these treaty relations, it it
is understood that Hawaii is going
to lapse into a Chinese coleny with
out making a struggle to prevent it.
We have no such geographical van
tago ground as that held by Singa
pore, and the loss of the special
treaty advantages with the United
States would cause a commercial
Gotlf.pie Ih this fctfcjrtlolfl from tilth
ridcrVny iroultf bo 6lcw,
Tho corollary oft the nbOU' propo
iltion 18 that AuRibSin.on ol illa
tion can be perpetuated in tills King
dom "only by retaining a population
who have been educated thcriin nnd
who comprehend the walkings nnd
the hem fits of popu'nr rcpicscnia
It in a self-evident proposition
that there can h no" representative
popular government wheic the popu
lation i3 composed of a fuw rich men
and a large number of alien, igno
An oligarchy is the inevitable
government of such a population,
uith :i stiong probability that the
Islands would pass under the control
of some foreign nation. An intelli
gent middle class, is essential to
every country which proposes to
have free goVernuient. In plte of
the competition which the fig
ures stated aboc show the middle
class in this country .is subject to,
there is still a large number of this
blast in the country both Hawaiian
nnd loiuign by biith.
Scvtral arguments are made by
thove opposed to restriction and
regulation of the Chinese! One of
these is that "competition is the life
ol trade;" that "the people get the
bfnellt of competition, etc."
The answer to this is Hint theie
can be no "competition" between a
Chinese and a white mechanic. It is
simply a proecsof "substitution" of
the 'former for the 'alter. A Chinese
mechanic can, and docs, live in his
Oriental style, on wages upon
which a person with the require
ments of Anglo-Kaon civilization
c.innot live, such less support and
educate a family in a Christian
The rrsult in 'this country, more
especially in the towns and in Hono
lulu, has been that by a gradual pro
cesi of substitution Chinese have
taken the places and ar.e doing Hie
wotk which but for their presence
would be filled and performed by
whites and natives. It is true that
the number of whito and native
mechanics has decreased but little,
but the increase of Chinese has
taken up all and more than the in
crease of business. And but for the
COO Chinese mechanics in Honolulu
there would be at least 400 to 300
white and native mechanics. Un
less protective measures arc taken,
this process will continue in in
creasing ratio. We arc on the high
way which the footsteps of Singa
pore have tiodden, and a like policy
will produce like results, so fur as
Chinese ascendancy is concerned.
It is unquestionably true that,
provided our treaty relations remain
unchanged, commercial prosperity
will continue and even increase ut
tho Islands without restrictive mea
sures being taken. It has done so
at Singapore. But it will bo at the
price which Singapore has paid
the substitution of Chiaeao for other
Another argument against further
measures beiug takon is that "pro
scut legislation is suQlcient to meet
the emergency. "t
It is claimed that, from the fact
of a decrease in the Chinese popu
lation during thojas.t, nine months,
the point of dangbr is past, nnd that
with the present restriction law in
force the evil will cure itself.
The present restriction law is bet
ter than nothing, .and if it could
be continued in effect until all or a
largo proportion of the Chinese how
hero had died or amoved away, it
would accomplish tho object claimed
for it ; but meanwhile all or a large
proportion of the other population
of the Islands would liavc also died
or moved away, and. althoTigh a po
licy that will ensure the relief of our
postority is laudable and proper it
is not the whole of the relief now
sought or necessary.
The present restriction act is in
sufficient for two'rea?ons:
First, because 'there are already
enough Chinese here to fill all or n
large proportion of the occupations
necessary for the support of the
class of citizens whom it is desired
to retain in Hie country.
Second, beeaqse Uiere is a neces
sity for laborers on both sugar and
rice plantations, whjeh must be met
if .the prosperity of the country is
For the immediate present the su
gar plantations arc able to obtain
laborers of other nationalities, but
should those other sources fail,
there would immediately be, brought
to bear u tremendous' pressuro to al
lur the introduction of mnro Chi
nese. Such a pressure is even now
foreshadowed, and there arc thoso
among our citizens who look upon it
as a grievance that they me not al
lowed to have more Chinese laborers
even though thrre is a aufllcicnt sup.
ply of labor of other nationalities.
It is obvious that a gradual diminu
tion of the Chinese population under
the restriction act will be of no avail
if we aro at any tlmo to have the
work of a ycai's restriction undone
by the introduction of a single ship
load of Chinese with no legislation
to prevent tho new arrivals from en
gaging iu any and emy employ
ment. For the reasons above stated, the
Cabinet, believing that tho preser
vation of Anglo-Saxon civilization
in tills country requlics ueh action,
advocate such legislation, whether
by way of Constitutional Amend
ment or otherwise, as will accom
plish the following objects, viz. :
1st. That no Chinese other than
teachers and ollicials shall ho al
lowed to coino-. to this country ex
cept iu tho capacity of laborers,
2d. That no Chinese be admit ted
05 lul'oiiu unkn the flgticultulnl
ncceiElti3 of Hit; country- icquirc it,
Dor .Until the legislation hereunder
indicated be secured.
3d. That Chinese not now engaged
in tinde or tlm mechanical oteupa
lion. be prohibited from hereafter
Wc belicp that the legislation
hereby indicated is ncees-ary and
justifiable on the ground of 'elf de
fense and elf preservation, and is
fully sustained in piineiple by tho
piecedents cited above.
History tellu of many invasions of
one country by inhabitants of an
other, in which the invaded people
were conquered and blotted out as
a nation. In those time3 the in
vaders came with fire and sword,
and meeting with a like lesistauce,
they did not reap the benefits of
Hie conquered laud without the
risk and danger of battle and
loss of lives. The tiuvnded peo
ple fought in their own de
fense, and no doctrinaire, even in
this ago, maintains Hint they weie
not morally as well as legally justi
fied in resisting the enemy by every
means in their power.
The Chinese have for the last 20
years been carrying on an invasion
of this cnuutiy which is no less ef
fectual because it has been peacea
ble, than the old invasions by foiee.
They aie now gaining all the advan
tages of a successful war without
any of its dangers. Silently, but
sinely, year after year and step by
step, they are invading and taking
possession of almost every means of
livelihood inutile couutiy, and sup
planting native Hawniians and
others of the Western civilization.
With these f.icts before us, there
is but one safe and honorable course.
To sit still and do nothing is both
cowardly and suicidal. We must
then meet this peaceful invasion by
means as peaceful, but sullleient to
teach and cure the evil.
The opponents ot restrictive aud
protective- legislation concerning
Chinese arc divided into two
First, those who look at the ques
tion fiom a purely material point of
view nnd need cheap labor.
Second, those who consider tho
question from a moral standpoint,
and contend that " a man is a man ;"
Hiat a Chinamnn has as much right
in the country as anyone else, and
that it is unjust to discriminate
against a man on account of his
To those who urge the material
view we would Bay that the Cabinet
fully recognizes thnt sugar and rice
are the staples of the country, and
that under ordinary circumstances
cheap labor is necessary to raise
these products in competition with
other countries producing t)ie same
articles with the cheapest labor in
the world. It is not tho object of
the Cabinet, and we know of no ono
who proposes to interfere with tho
necessary labor supply to cany on
the plantations. On the contrary,
it is the desire that the" Chinese
should remain on tho plantations,
and not engage iu those other em
ployments which must be the means
of support. of those of Anglo-Saxon
civilization if any such are to re
Moreover the statistics of Chinese
labor on tho 'plantations show that
the unregulated influx of Chinese
lias been of little if any benefit to
Tho following facts aro compiled
from the Reports of tho Board of
Immigration, tho Census table and
Custom House statistics:
The number of laborers and of
Chinese on the plantations is obtain
ed by actual census.
Chinese Chinese on Total labours
Populai'u Pliuit'iiH mi ihiiit'iis
1 880. 1,00.1 .. .
16S2."11.5lf .-.,037 10,2ia
lSS0.MSl.08S .1,00,1 ll,fih
18S8. 19,737 3,727 1.1,57tt
The number of laborers on tl
plantations increased from 15,578
in January, 1888, to 10,375 in Janu
ary, 1889, a total increase of 797.
But during this period Japanese nnd
Portuguese came into Hie country
and went to woik on the plantations
to Hie number of 4,877; so HiAt
during that period there were 4080
of the men at work in JnnUHiy,1888,
who had left the plantations before
January, 1889. This decrease has
been largely of Chinose and Portu
guese. In what proportions the
figures are not at hand to show, but
no less than 1000 Chineso have left
and probably more. This would
give a rough estimate of 4,700 Chi
nese now on the plantations.
Tho effect of theso figures is to
show that the coming of Chinese to
the country without restriction ns to
the employments in which they can
engage, is of littlo or no benefit to
the planters, for in 188 with 14,500
Chinese iu the country thoy had
5000 Chinese on tho plantations,
while In 1889 with 19,000 Chi
nese iu tho country there arc loss
than 5,000 on the plantations. So
long a3 other employments aro open
to them tho Chineso will not work
on tho plantations, or will simply
make such work a stepping stone to
sniae other employment.
From the mero mntorial point of
view, therefore, if tho labor necessi
ties of tho plantations nhould require
additional labor which could he sup
plied from no other source than Chi
na, it would be of no avail to bring
tbm here unless they were debar
red from other employments. Ship
ping ChiuesH hns almost entirely
ceased, and cannot be resorted to
without other precautions. The
dlflkultlea of Identification, sod tho
facility with which they can dcaeit
service have demonstrated this to
the financial damage tifnumrroUB
hi answer to those who uige the
moral aiirumcit wo would submit
that no such principle ns that put
forward by them, has been or is recog
nized by any nation in existence.
For instance. Hawaii discriminates
ifi favoi uf America against Fug
lund and Ccrmany and all other na
tionnl'ties by allowing Americnn
goods to enter the ports of thN coun
try without paying duties, while
those of all other nations are com
pelled to pay heavy duties.
This is not because of love
for the American or dislike
of the Englishman, but because it is
for our iilvantnge to do so ; and the
right of any nation to secure advan
tages to itself by reciprocal treaties,
even to the manifest disadvantage
of other nations, is so well iccogni!'.
ed and established, thatwc sec hhig
land acquiescing in thW discrimina
tion against her workmen and nianii
factiu'er. A few examples will
show that this principle is recogniz
ed nnd acted upon by other nations
to a faigreater degree than iu Ha
waii. By law of the American Con
gress no foreigner can own land in
the District of Columbia, and sev
eral of the Stales have similar laws.
'1 hey do this because they consider
it for their advantage so to do ; and
nobody claims that it is unfair or
unjust, or that because "a man is a
man," he should have this privilege.
Within the last few years we have
seen both Germany and Russia ex
pelling from their territory all tho
citizens of certain nationalities whom
they considered inimical to the in
terests of the country in which they
were residing. Again, Hawaii dis
criminates in favor of Ifer own citi
zens against me worm in several
lines of business. No one but a
Hawaiian citizen is allowed to own
a Hawaiian vessel, nnd none but Iln
w;aiian vessels arc allowed to engage
in the inter-island trade. But the
Constitution of 1887 exhibits the
most striking illustration of this
principle. By that instrument Chi
neso arc prohibited under any and
all circumstances and conditions
from voting for members of tho Le
gislature, so that by reason of their
nationality, Chinese arc discriminat
ed against in this, one of the highest
privileges that a man can possess.
We have yet to hoar of the mnn pos
sessed of intelligence and a know
ledge of the situation, who has be
stowed thought on the subject, who
questions the rightfulness or tho ne
cessity of this clause in the Consti
tution. A man may be a man but
that alone does not give him all the
rights iu Hawaii, or any other coun
try, that other, men may have, unless
by treaty with the nation to which
he belongs such rights arc secured
to the subjects of such nation, or by
sufferanco, wc allow him to have
such privileges without reciprocal
privileges from his nation.
When we come to examine the
question of whatrecipiocal privileges
Hawaiian subjects are allowed in
China, wo find that there is uot one
right or privilege known to civilized
men that is accorded by China to
Hawaiian rtubjeots. There ii. no
necessity of going into the subject of
the varioiiH employment which aie
dtshurii'd to llaw'iiiiaiis iu China, hr
c.uise tho fundamental, elementary
rich! of existence in the country is
The. only foreign powers whose
citizens nro allowed any privileges in
China are those having treaty agree
ment with her, and even the privi
leges of such perrons aio confined to
residence and trade in a few seupoit
The fact that we have heretofore
sufl'cied (.'hiuer,e citizens iu Ihiscoun
tiy to enjoy privileges for which our
cmens received no iccipiocnl pnu
legci in China give the Cluuchc no
title to now claim tho.se privileged by
piohcnptive title as a matter of light.
It may or may not bavo berm for
our advantages to allow theso privi
leges to Chinese hciotofore. There
can be no qucAlion of our light to
restrict certain privileges and em
ployments to out own citi.ens ami
to citizens of nations according us
like privileges, if our interests ie
quite it, any more than that there is
no question that a man who may
allow a neighbor the free iibe of a
piece of laud for u. period of yen is
Ii.ih the right to icsume tho poises
.siou and iirc of it at any time
Another point requiring grave coil
Kideintion in connection with this
subject, and -entirely unconnected
with tho labor question, is the dangci
to tin comiidinity by reason of tho
ChinCMi seciut woeiety organizations;
tbnii wanton disregard for human
life; their concealment andubhiHtancu
ol criminals, and tlioir reddens porju
iv in courts of justice.
Taken bingly oi in uiuull uumbeii,
many of the Chineso make good citi
zens. But tho danger obovo men
tioned have hhown thi'im-ehcs in ev
ery community whore tho Chincbo
have become numerous. Without
going iiluoad, take this Kingdom for
example. One of tho htrong argu
ments hejetoforo ubed and ot ill uned
iu favoi of thnChincH) is his "pe.ice
fill inollhiifivo" ways. Whilo tlm
Chinese population was email and
scattered, this was true. But within
tho List few years their numbers und
wealth have .so iuoieased (hat tlirv
feel their strength, and what me the
j Within the past two youth theio
I have boon three murders by Chinese
I KL'onit frociofy members, on tho inland
i of Hawaii, iu which large numbers of
! the members wcia concerned. In
I addition to tho known murdors, ov-
ral persons bubpected of having giv
en iufoi million to tho police have
Riiddonly disappeared, loaving no
truer behind. With few exceptions,
even when unimpeachable evident
was obtained, Hiow) concernid in thft
Inurder? have been concealed by Hie
societies and fuiufgglcd out of the '
countn. Again, at the last session
f the Legislature il was proved Hint
the Chinese, including .some of the
wealthy merchants raUed n I.sirc
.urn of miini-j for the express pui-ji'i-c
of bribing members of the Leg
isl.ittue tn vole ngninst a certain
measure. Fie member- eithei ail
milted having rceHxed the money or
it was ptovtsl against them, and ihete
was strong evidence uijuiust other
Age in, the lute in.utr.'ctiou would
not lme occurred but for the assist
ance of the Chinese. The evidence
is overwhelming that no progress War,
made in the plans ol the conspirators
until the necessary "rneans" were
provided by the Chinese. The Chi
nese supplied the rilles, muskets and
ammunition which were used, or the
money with which to buy them, be
sides money for other purposes. .The
"iipplied the uniforms worn by the
iiistiiiectiouisis on the :i0th of July,
and the piovUioiiH for their use ou
that d.iy. ItiaKu s-hown that al
though only one took up arms, otheif,
and among them men of wjenlth ami
standing, paiticipattd iu the meet
iugsand eticouiiiged thecoiupiratoih.
Thece facts haven dangemus similar
ity inexperiences with the I'liiue.-e in
Haniwak and nthci countries where
the Chinese luxe gone in huge num
bei.s. It ii tinuccct-saiy to advert to the
many points uiged iu favor of tho
Chinese their industry, their econo
my, their patience and perseverance.
These virtues well known and admit
ted iu every country to which they '
have gone; but these do not change
or icfutc one of the argument Uaed
above iu favor of icMriclion or regu
lation. We have the lirinni to lemain,
Your obdt. j-crvant",
Ministei Foreign Atl'uiis.
L. A. Tlll'ltBTON,
S. M. Damon,
('. W. AbllKOKl),
Honolulu, H. I., Oct. 24, 1SS9.
LOCAL & GENERAL NEWS.
Knoini: Co. No. 2 will b.ive dull
Col.. Sam Migratoiy Nonit lnu ic
turned from the Coast.
Tun Hawaiian juiors will be
quired iu the Supreme Court
Monday morning at 10 o'clock.
on Anni'AL meeting of the Plautern'
Labor and Supply Company, 10 a.m.
Monday, Chamber of Commerce.
Miss Katie Putnam and Mrs. D.nt.
Lyons went to school together at "
lie Dame College, Indiana, in 1807.
At a meeting of Co. D, Honolulu
Killes, held last evening Capt. Chin.
McCarthy stated that be would eciiJ
in bin resignation.
Tin: annual meeting ot ih Kohu
Sngur Co. will bo held at 0 a. m. on
Tuesday, '29th inM., at the otlloe oi
11 llackfcld & Co.
A 1'Uiii.ic meeting to consider tbft
Cabinet's answer to the anti-Chinefic
petition will beheld at time and place
to he announced later.
A imoNZB headed slipper was lost
between the Opeta House and the
Hotel Thniiiday evening. Findei
will please return to this otlice.
h the Alameda comes into port
before dark this evening a porfortu
unee will be given at the Opera
House by the Olympic Specialty Co.
The bulletin board outside of the
Hawaiian News Co. 's store will give
Tin: coroner's jury, in the cn-o of
the. little gill, Hilda Hutchinson, who
died iu the Catholic Sifters' .School on
Oct. 101 h, yesterday returned a ver
dict of death from "natural causes.".
It will be lemcmbeied that the child
took sick with Fevei.il others in the
bcbool after eating cream cukcp.
In the Supreme Court this moi ning
.lohn . Bush appealed befoic lli
Honor the Chief Justice on a charge
of contempt of Court by publishing
certain at tides iu his paper calculat
ed to caune prejudice, et. Mi. Ho
appeared forhimand akcd for a con
tinuance so that he might look over
the papers. The matter was contin
ued to !) o'clock Monday uioriiirnjr.
PRIVY COUNCIL MEETING
At a meeting of the Privy Council
held this morning tho death sentence
passed upon Albert Loomens fouud
guilty of treason, was commuted to
imprisonment at hard labor for one
year, nt tho expiration of which he
is to be banished from the kingdom.
Should he ever return the death
penalty will be carried out.
A resolution was passed authoriz
ing the SI inister of Finance to pay
out the sum of &2700 for the ex
panses of the Fire department
ou the day of the insurrection, und
for repairs; to the Opera House and
PA88EH0ERS. ' (;
Krom Mani. per stair UUellWe, Oci."
2(5 Hon II l Baldwin, II Motrlaou, O"
Hclnemami, W A Uoweu, II LawsT W'
II Hutchinson, ('has linker uud wife, T
H A Ktiluka, MU 1. l)n,liuMiy, 5 Chl
ncie aad 41 divk.
rPHK uanuul meeting of the Mock.
Jl holders of ihe lvoloa rlugar Co.
will be held ut the oD'.oo of Mc3M. II.
llaokfchl Co., ou TUESDAY, teto.
Iht S'Jih, i U o'clock a. xi.
Oms. 11. COOKK.
Beeretary If. B. Co.
Honolulu, On. SO, 183U, Sit tft