Newspaper Page Text
Pftlsnl lo tmtker Sfd nor try,
Hut fstablihfil for Ik? IcnrHt of nil.
SATURDAY, FEU. 22, 1880.
Tin: treaty N enjoying a niiioli
necdcd rest iincc the election.
Long live the memory of (Seorgc
Washington first In peace, first In
war, first in the hearts of liN coun
trymen. ."Trial by Newspaper," a Western
editor's essay republished in the
Hi'i.i.r.Tix to-day, will be found a
highly interesting production.
TRIAL BY NEWSPAPER.
The following paper was lefcntiy
read before the Chicago Press Club
by John Ritchie, one of the ablest
men known to the journalism of the
1 suppose the first point to be set
tled in this matter is the character
of the material with which we arc to
ileal, and this brings us up to the ques
tion: What is a jury? The ordinary
petit jury is :; body of twelve men,
with authority delegated to them by
the people to act for the community
in certain matters which the people
are too busy to attend to in person.
In an actual tiial, under the sta
tutes of Illinois and other states, the
jury arc the judges of both the law
and the facts. That is a compre
hensive statement, and it looks to
me a tiitlethin. It is said, that
every one knows the law. That is
not. even a legal fiction it is a bald
pated falsehood. The manufacturer
of that proposition would have been
much nearer the truth had lie said:
".Man has a sense of justice in vnii
oiis degrees of impurity."
Justice, or fair dealing between
man and man, is the foundation of
law; but, unfortunately for the or
iginal article, the top-heavy super--itiucture
has done its best to crush
the foundation sidewise into the
bowels of the earth, and i? insisting
lhat it shall be considered the found
ation itself. I do not mean to say
that the law is invariably the instru
ment of injustice; I simply mean
that lawyers arc apt to become so
enamored of the beautiful structure
they have raised as to loc sight of
the fact that is only the means to an
end, and not the end itself.
Nobody knows the law. If you
do not believe that, hire a lawyer to
bore in and fish out some of it for
your inspection, and then sec how
ijuick some other lawyer with a
longer gimlet will knock him out
cold. Kvcn among the law sharps
on the supreme bench, the ignor
ance ol law is astonishing to the lay
man. In nearly every case of im
portance there is a dissenting opin
ion ; and I have heard good lawyers
say, lhat in some cases the minority
report was the better of the two.
This is the thing of which the
jurors arc constituted the judges.
And who are these jurors? I have
seen thousands of them, and, while
I may be wrong in my estimate, it
seems to me that, in this country at
least, they may be classified in the
order of their inci it as level-heads,
partisans, mutton heads, bigots,
smart Alecks, interested parties,
p-eudo-omniscients, salesmen for
.Marshall Field iV. Co. and
fools. Of course, 1 say nothing of
the "fixed" juror, because counsel,
judge and newspaper might fiddle
away at him until Sheol wore an
overcoat of palcoerystalline ice, and
it. wouldn't change his verdict.
The level-heads average about
two or three to the dozen. From
Hit standpoint of an uninterested
-pectator it is a treat to ho in the
same room with theni as they un
erringly follow the route of a crime
or the thread of an ordinary trans
action, avoiding the pit-falls and
ihun-pikes that are invitingly open
ed before them by skillful lawyers,
and at last arriving at a judgment
and Mid; nig to it.
Although it has been said thai the
verdict of a petit jury is the only
thing the Almighty cannot foictcll,
juries frequently return verdicts
umbodying substantial justice. It
is a fact, though, that a jury will
rtOiiifliuius come in with a verdict
which would make a beautiful aub
urn wig turn green in a single night,
Thcjie is but little hope of Intelli
gent judgment trom any of the types
I have named except the level-head
and the partisan. Of the latter
there are a few whose partisanship
makes them so fearful of themselves
that they are led to give the other
side the benefit of all doubts. Hut,
alasj there are not many of them in
insistence. I regret to announce
lhat 1 am, perhaps, the only one of
lhat kind in this country.
llefore I pass the newspaper end
of the controversy, I would like to
say a word about what arc called
"punishments." When, in these
modern days, we hang a man by the
neck until he gurgles out into the
other world, or deprive a person ol
his liberty on account of any crime,
we arc not acting under the old doc
trine of "An eye for an eye and a
moth lor a tooth." Wis aYo simply
informing the piospective wrongdoer
that, having submitted to various in
liingements of our own liberty to
the end that wo may bo protected
while going about our legitimate
occupations, if ho continues to mon
key with crime wo will make a
lililcoitt example- of him ns n winn
ing lo still other criminals. There
is no revenge in It. It is u cool
business proposition, which lie will
accept or reject, as he pleases.
Out on the frontier wc do not tiy
him at all. Here In the enlightened
pait of the country we give him all
the advantages of astute or tricky
counsel, an opportunity to "fix" the
jury, and a hope of ultimate escape
through the ministrations of emo
tional idiots, who will not sec that
In signing pardon-petitions they are
not so much helping the convicts as
releasing a lazor-sharp weapon to
be turned agulnst that society of
which they are a part.
It is also a sad and significant
outgrowth of the law-abiding system
that when a distinguished lawyer has
succeeded, by his eloquence or other
means, in having a self-confessed
murderer acquitted, all the other
counsel within reach congratulate
the victorious practitioner upon his
success in turning a red-handed
Cam loose on the community. The
advocate don't want justice; lie
oily wants to clear his client.
It may be ttue in the abstract
that the professional gentleman is
to be commended for his ability, but.
the citizen has a deeper interest in
the practical outcome of the system
than in the success of an individual.
The newspaper, as 1 understand
it and 1 will take one of our metro
politan sheets as a type is a daily
history of the woild, with comment
on the events which make up that
history. I need not speak of the
enterprise of the press in its pecu
liar field, for it not only gels on the
inside of nearly everything going,
but its versatile agents once in a
while get in on their cheek and come
out by the ear.
The press makes many unavoid
able mistakes in both its historical
and editorial capacities, and in some
cases particular papers may be used
as organs of corrupt persons or com
binations; but, ircnerally speaking,
the editor-in-chief, however diaboli
cal he may be as an individual, has
a weather eye open to the fact that
the public who support him have not
yet become sulllcienlly decadent to
wish for the ultimate triumph of
wrong. So his paper is almost al
ways found on the side ol morality
and justice politics excepted.
The question of newspaper trials
lies very close to some of the lound
ational principles of American citi
zenship. It goes deeper than that,
for it has to do with that unlocated
essence which makes man the con
ditional arbiter of the destiny of the
earth. Lord of all else, can man in
his collective capacity govern him
self as an individual? And just in
this direction of governing himself,
comes in the newspaper as the great
popular educator, with a branch
school in every home in the enlight
ened wot Id.
The verdict of twelve men in a
jury-box is a remarkable product of
civilization, but the just verdict of a
great people is a terrific entity which
laughs at imbecile statutes and with
a niaster-liaiul tears me masie irom
hypocrisy and wrong.
It is with this great popular ver
dict that the newspaper has directly
to do. Tlio Supreme Court of the
United States our very pinnacle ol
legal authority said in effect that
slavery should continue; but a
great people educated by an un
shackled press, found a contrary
verdict, and backing their verdict
lr a million bayonets, swept that
relic of barbarism from American
soil. There was a triumph of jus
tice in direct violation of a Supreme
To a larger degree than books
and preachers, the newspapers are
the speaking tongue of the genius
of modern civilization. They are
the condensed voice of this great
world of ours which is striving up
ward toward the light. I am so lar
optimistic that I believe the greater
half of humanity have a genuine de
sire to rise, and 1 believe they find
in the newspaper their best friend.
Is this statement true? Find me
a population weighted down by a
despot whether it be monarchy,
polarchy, or even anarchy and I
will show you there a press shackled
by edicts, muzzled by censors, and
strangled at onco when it departs
from the creed established by the
The preacher is a theoretical gen
tleman, and apart from his dogmas
and infinitesimal subdivisions of
doctrine he has but little time to
feel the pulse of the active world
about him. Your professional Sal
vationist travels within the limits of
an extremely circumscribed horizon
so lar as worldly matters arc con
cerned beyond his salary and the
woc.i of his own congregation, and
he is not qualified to speak know
ingly, as the newspapers are, which
shake hands with all the affairs of
Do not understand me as decrying
tlit olllcc of the clergyman. ' For
while I may be a toughened and
charred hurl of iniquity myself, the
sound of the calling church-boll
with its associations and its mission
is tome one'of tho sweetest sounds
Hooks usually come to us long
after the events with which they
deal, but the newspaper comes fresh
nnd palpitating with the event it
self. The report of the ;J a. in.
murder is brought to the reader at
dawn ; and I have sometimes
thought, as I have stood by a press
and watched the birth of a paper
with its record of crime, that the
limp clamminess of the new-bom
sheet might be due to the cooling
Mood of the vicllm,
Tito newspaper la tho accredited
historian of tho world, and no nano
man will deny that its exposures of
wrong-doing have materially aided
the state in its endeavor to lessen
the output of crime. I believe that,
with all the" aids to diabolism ftir
nished by the agile modern mind, if
it were not for the light let In by
the press there would be a jubilee of
crime that would make the old Sodo
mites get right up out of their briny
beds and adopt resolutions of re
gret at their inability to be present.
This good work done by the press
is entirely independent of the In
estimable service rendered in the
direction of education and morality
an education which docs far more
than any staluie in fitting Hie citi
zen for his duly in the jury-box.
Now a word as to the immediate
effect of newspaper trials on the
verdict of the twelve. It is true, I
think, thai a great deal of injustice
is done by editorial arguments for
or against panics in court. While
the editorial is usually in the inter
est of square dealing, the mistake Is
sometimes made of hitting the wrong
fellow. Circumstances may point,
apparently beyond a possibility of
contradiction, at a man who is en
tirely without knowledge of the
wrong that has been done. In such
a ease it is piling wrong upon wrong
to blast him in the columns of a
newspaper, and it tells against the
press itself by weakening editorial
statements founded on absolute
The greatest injury, however, is
done by the reporter. 1 leel a little
more freedom in dealing with liim,
because I train in lhat class myself,
and 1 am willing to take my own
The repoiter is supposed to deal
exclusively with fads, but wc all
know how easy it is to transmute
fads into Hie most virulent editorial.
The repoiter's impressions are
founded on an instantaneous view,
so to speak, and if he comes to any
conclusion as he invariably does
he is jusl about as likely as not to
raise the hair of some guileless citi
zen. It is not necessary at all that
the reportorial deductions shall be
labelled "Deductions" and sent on
their travels. You simply build up
an atmosphere and inject what, you
know ol the facts, and the job is
done. 1 do not want to foster this
sort of tiling, but any reporter who
wishes to do fine writing may study
with profit Poc's "House of Ussher,"
on the sinister side, and "The
Cricket on the Hearth," in the op
The subject of to-night's discus
sion is so large tlial 1 find myself
utterly unable to cover it. So many
points suggest themselves that it
would take our whole time to barely
mention them ; and I am painfully
conscious that I have practically
chopped off one of the main feat
ures, which was the effect of news
paper trials on the minds of the citi
zens who do duty in the jury-box.
The press may be run as u money
making machine, but, like the pul
pit and the law, it has a mission far
higher than the cash which is real
ized from it. Crime is only one of
a thousand things with which it
deals, and I think the captious
stickler for the doctrine of construc
tive contempt will find himself al
most alone in claiming that crime
or anything else in the world's his
tory shall be saercd and free from
newspaper comment until the hear
ing in court. A system of silence
would shut up every newspaper in
the world ; and I am reliably in
formed that most of them seem to
bo publishing the news and deliver
ing opinions on it at the same old
stand. A better course than ob
jecting would bo to let the press
move along educating possible jur
ors to rendor honest, intelligent ver
dicts, with the newspaper not in
opposition to Hie law, but assisting
it to find justice. ("The Arkansaw
AMEETTXG of Kniuoliamclia Lodge
of Perfection No. 1 will be held
at the Hall of Lodge le lrgre on
SUNDAY, tub 23rd hist., at 10 o'clock
A. !.. for the elcetlon of officer.-.
18.-1 It V.. M.
TIIK annual meeting nf the Mock,
hohlcis of the l'cnplu'H Ice A, Re.
frlgnrntor Co. will he held oa Tl'KS
DAY, March 4, 18!)0. at 1:110 o'clock
i'. m., at the office of V. O. Hmllh.
W. E. FOSTER,
Secretary P. I. & It. Co.
Honolulu, Feb. 0, 1HH0. 483 10t
rrUIK regular iinnunl meetiue; of the
X stockholders of the luter.Islnnd
Slcnir. Navigation Co, (L'dj, will he
held on TUESDAY, Match 4th pros.,
at 10 o'clock a, m , at their ofllec on
Qiuen street. J. EN'A,
Secretary I 1. S. N. Co.
Honolulu. Feb. W, 18H0. 481 121
Osilui Railway & Land Co.
rpiIE drat annual mcelinp; of the stock.
L holders nf the Oahii Hallway, A
Land Co. will he held nt the ofllcu of
the Company on WEDNESDAY, Feb.
8l, 1800, nt It o'clock i m , for Ilia elce.
linnol ofllceis and Irnnfaclion ol any
other imnoiiunt husincss.
V. O. ASHLEY,
Secretin y (). It, & I.. Co.
Honolulu, Feb. 0, IIJ80. 47!) til
TEAMSTER W ANTED
A STRONG Steady Man l wanted to
xiL. lauecaicoi iHirflCH, in ivcncii very
etc. Apply lo "P. O.
i. HONOLULU, 11. L, fWftKUATlV 22, JfiflO
Auction Sales by James F. Morgan.
On WEDNESDAY, Fob. J2(,
AT 10 r!I.O(!l A. M..
At the residence of Mil. F. W. FLEM
ING, Xo. la knkitl Mrcet. I will veil nl
The Entire H ouself Id Furniture,
Black Yalnut H, C, Lounge,
It. W. Whatnot, ln lor Chair-,
B, W, Marbletop Bedroom Set
Cm talus iV Cornices,
1 Singer Sewing- Mncbino,
1 Fine Hath Tub,
1 "Paragon" Stove and Utensils,
A LOT Ol'
Fine Ferns & Plants !
,1AS. F. MORGAN,
48.) !lt Auctioneer.
TRUSTEE'S SALE OF
Hy oidor or A. J. C.lItnVKlOUT.
Trustee- of the liNtute of Lydia K. i'ilkol,
I will pell at Public Auction lit my
Halctoom, Queen street,
On MONDAY, March 3rd,
AT l!i O'CLOCK XOO.V.
2 Desirable Mlnci Lois,
Situated on Foil street, opposite the
LOT NO. 1 Hn f,8 Ice! fiontafie on
Fort Btrcct itml is 7:1 feci deep, cr.n.
tabling :ui :i reu of 4,!l(il Mpiarc
LOT NO. 3 Muslin felt frontline on
Fort street unit Is over AH feel dci p,
coiiliiinin;: mi mci of l,B"!l Fqiiuie
There Ib a 10 fool lruie between the 8
lot?, IhlH giving double linntiigu to llie
These ure the niol desirable building
sites offcrrd for ..i!i in the city.
A plan of the Lob' can be seen at my
tGT falo sublcd lo continuation by
JAS. F. MORGAN,
474 cod Auctioneer.
Gate City Stone Filter !
The-e Filter- are easily dcan-ed,
and NEVER become CJtACKF.D ot
CJtA.KD by change of tenipcratuie of
The Filtering Medium I a NATURAL
STONE, mined from thceailh. It is
unlike any other stone.
It Does Not Absorb and
Become Foul !
IMPURITIES never PKNKTRATE
it, but lie on tbe surface, and internally
the stone remains as pure and white
after years of n-c a- when taken from
The Oatc City Stone Tiller Is a per
fect success. It Is- the only real Alter I
have ever seen. I would not be w Ithoul
one for any consideration. It convert-
our lake water Into the best drinking
water in the world.
Hknuv M. I.v.ma.v, M. D
Ma West Adams St , Chicago.
W For Sale by
HAWAIIAN HARDWARE Co.,
Op odle Sprcckels & Co.'s I'mik,
4W tf Fort street, Honolulu.
A I.AIKIi: COXSICINMI'.NT Ol'
New Zealand Oats
IN QUANTITIES TO SUIT, AT
UNION FEED CO.
-Milt sai.i: iiv iiii:-
UNION FEED CO.
1"INGiip22 Mutual Telephone for
.V Oilnrlcis Excavation. tWtf
ggmaitmmmm i umi i m iumwwiniiiLiirwwrf'iU MHliDt
I 'i usiiinu n new form of insurance, which provides, in I ho event of death, for :i return of all premiums paid in nd
ditlon to dm amount of the policy, or, should ihc insured survive a given number of yearn, tho. Company Mill
return all this premium-! paid with interest; or, Instead of neceptin;; the policy and prollt't in cash (he leiraf holder
limy, WITHOUT MKIMCAL EXAMINATION nnd WITHOUT FI'llTIIKU PAY.AIKNTOK I'lJKMHJMS, lake in
lieu thereof the. amount of policy and prolils in FULLY PAID UP insurance, participating nniuinlly in dividends.
Hcnicinber, this contract, is issued by the oldest. Life Insurance Company in the United States, and tlui Lar
gest Financial Institution in the World, Its assets exceeding One Hundred anil Twenty-Six Millions of Dollars.
Sof For full particulars call on or address
S. 35. rose:,
I)ec'2 1-8!) General Agent for the Hawaiian Islands. '
TAHITI LEMONADE WORKS
LEMON. : CREAM
Sole Proprietors of BAILEY'S SARSAPAMLLA & IRON WATER,
Giiipr lie, Hob Ale, Gnquullu, RasBfierryafle, Saraparilla, liiml Waters, Etc.
&' All coiinminii'utions nnd orders should bo addrossed lo
i m m rm 'i wjawyjjwjM yjy jm
Cottage For Sale
On SATUJtDAY, Mavrli 1,
AT lie O'CLOCK MIOV,
I will sell .it l'lllillo Auction at the pre.
iniRes, Itloluiiilrt street, opposite
the Hawaiian Hotel, the
6 Koom COTTAGE
Itullitooin, 1'nnti-y, Kitelicu,
Pervitin's Cottage, Stables",
Carriage & Chicken Houses,
Lately the resilience of ihc under.
TK.miH or HAI.K.-.CAHll.
tW Buildings to be removed within
10 days from duy of sale.
LEWIS J. LEVEY,
181 ll)i Auctioneer.
T7M. K. JtOWELL will net for mo
TT under full power of attorney
during my ulipenre from thn Kingdom.
Honolulu, Feb. 115, 1890. 4B0 lw
nPHK undersigned has noli! lil in.
X. tcrcst in the firm of flop Yick
Co., doing a dry goods business nt No.
82 Nuiianu etri'et, to Leong Hop. All
hills against said tlrm will be paid by
Lcnug Hop. TOM FAT.
Honolulu, Feb. 11, 1R!)0. 475 lw
rpilK under.iigned, having migned
X the management of the Western
& Hawaiian Investment Co, (Limited),
on account of ill health, the Ditccto'lR
of the Company in Dundee bnvc ap
points! Mr. .loecph II. Alhertnu us
Manager in Honolulu, s nf Mot Decern,
berlast W. L. CillKKN.
Honolulu, .Inn. Ill, 18! 0. 4U7 lw
HAVING sold out my Interest in the
flim of It Mote & Co to .1. N. S.
Williams, all persons indebliil to said
llrm are required lo pay the amounts of
their imlolitcilncHi to me, and all having
accounts agaimit said firm will present
them to me for payment at the olllcc of
It. More & Co.
Tuns. It. LUCAS.
Honolulu, Feb. 1, 18'JO. 4S2 lm
rpilO.S. J. KINO having this day, Feb.
X i nnry 1, 1MI0, sold hii interest iu
the business of King Brother.", dealers
In fancy unoiln and artist's materials, on
Hotel meet, Honolulu, V. C. King will
continue to carry ou tho business on his
sole account, under the llrm name of
"King Hins.," and will collect nil
iimimnts due, and pay nil claims ngaintt
the firm of King Uros. from nnd after
the above mentioned tlutc.
Y. V. KINO.
Honolulu, Feb. 17, 1800 4H0 lw
NOTICE to SHIPPERS.
1jV)lt the more fntlsfuctory accommo
dation of our patrons wo beg to
suggest to them that in canes whuro
drays in o required for shipping goods
to outgoing bteamcrs and coasters, or
in any case where tcquircd, at 1 o'clock
sharp of the dny, they will find Hint by
linging up Mutual Telephone No. 28'J,
between 12:15 and 12:45 in Iho nnnn
hour that Mr. Ilcwett will be there In
person to receive all orders, and our
Irlends will thereby greatly focilltate
business to the better satisfaction ol all
HUSTAOE A HOIIKKTSON.
ING ui)220 Mutual Telephone for
uiiouifs excavation. afii
Oil TVEW YORK
:-anih PLAIN: SODA,
BENSON, SMITH & CO.,
MfliHM'iiy Itloclc, No. "3T i.'oit Ktrocl.
French, EDilish id Amen Dry umi Fancy Goolls,
CHILDREN'S CLOTHING, FURNISHING GOODS, ETC.
Have jusU received by last Australia u line line of
Cotton Challis at 15 cents per Yard I
.lust the nuileriiil for Spring anil Summer Wear.
New Stock of
1 -r JUST RECEIVED AT
Chas. J. FISHELS,
Tho Leading Millinery House, Corner Foit ife Hotel sts.
B. P.: EILEKS & CO.
Great .Bargains ! Great Bargains !
AFTER TAKING STOCK
All Cioofls Solfl at Cireatly Reduced Prices !
gJKT Dressmaking Department
OOJIINER IfOTEIi & FOKT STREETS.
Great Reduction Sale !
AFTKK TAKINLC S.TOOK I HAVE REDUCED MANY LINES OF
J , , (IOODS.
IMMENSE BARGAINS ARE OFFERED
OV THE FOLLOWING COODS
ITill XTeferiEai'y l.'itli, Only.
124 pair of Undressed Kid Gloves !
li and 8 Rultons in perfect ouler at $1 a pair Great Bargains.
All my DRESS GINGHAMS about LI0 pieccR to select fiom mo ollereil at
Coxt l'riee. A small lino of
Scotch GiHiams at a Great Reduction !
READ'THLS A lingo assortment or READ THIS
WIIirXtE DRESS GOCXDS,
Sucb :ih 1'in.ue.s, Embroidered Swihsen, India Linen, I'lain Swisp, Nainsook mid
niany,oller lines of Wbito GooiIh. I will hell at mioIi a
'' jprice tbal eveiybody will buy them,
gjtST Roin'ember, February Ifilh will elos,o this Sale, gft
Feb 1-90 ;.fv.; Corner Hotel & Fort Streots.
A SMAI)L,IN VOICE
Thin forCtbe Holidays
Pacific Hardware Co,
under the management of MISS
JAMES NOTT, Jr.,
TINSMITH and PLUMBER,
Corner of King and Alnkea street,
Honolulu, II. I.
Workihop"Mut 261 Rcldencc--Mul 236
Cr Estimates furnished on all classes
of plumbing ami tlnsniitliing woik.
First class workmanship and nintcilul
guaranteed in all tho nbnvo branches
ot my ImMlneis at icasoimblu lalec.
UJW .". X.I..
-. j(t,.rt&ft ,