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bAILY BULLTOK : HONOLULU, it. i., MAJRCll 20, ibOO
BS9x" "!' l"VTfifliMHWM
PUJfwl to Mtfher Scti nor Party,
But itta&iitiej for til btntjit of alt
WEDNESDAY, MAR. 20, 1890.
PERMANENT TENURE OF OFFICE.
Chief .Justice Jiulil gave n ban
quet to the members of the Hawai
ian Bar, at the Hamilton House, on
tives to a faithful and cfllcicnt ful
filment of their trust. The working
heads of Departments or Bureaus,
and those under them, are vastly
more serviceable to the country than
the responsible Ministers. The lat
ter are often no more than mere
wooden Images, with heads full of
shavings or sawdust, hung up like
signkoauh, to intimate that'This la
the shop ! They stick me up as u po
litical figurehead ; if you want any
thing healcr than bunlauu, step
inside; yon will find a man there
ii ovrtnincr nt tho 7fh iiwtntit. The
.. V... .....!,.i ...i .i....,.. who does the work." Now these
jncbs nas uut lutuvii, miui muii-iuiu
we were unable to publish a report I
of proceedings. It was purely a
matter of the Chief Justice's, and
was nobody else's busiuess, whether
His Honor preferred the presence or
the abscueu of reporters. He elect
ed to exclude them, which he had
au unquestioned right to do. Whe
ther the community was the gainer
or the loser thereby is an unsolved
problem. But if a speech said to
have been delivered at that banquet,
which somehow or other found its
way Into the columns of the Adver
tiser of the l.th instant, is a fair
sample of the talking done on that
occasion, the reading public would
certainly have been none the worse
for the publication of nil the
The speech referred to was made
by His Honor M. I Wendy, U. S.
District Judge of Oregon, who was
ou a visit to our country at the time.
Among other tilings, Ilia Honor is
icported to liavo aid: "In some
lospccts there are few countries
your equal. I say it fairly. In
most of ilie cities of the Union the
judicial power is exercised by men
who arc elected at shoit intervals to
serve for meagie salaries on the Su
preme Bench. You are to be
congratulated on having started upon
the right plan, and thai is to have a
court that is independent, and no
court or judge can bo independent
who has not a decent salary and a
permanent tenure of oltlce. I do
not care how good a man may be
naturally, or great a man is natu
mlly, if from the day he goes on the
bench and commences to discharge
his duties he is looking around to
ice what his chances for the next
term ate, lie cannot bea good judge.
Neither is lie independent if he has
to beg, for he cannot live on trust
and support his family decently
wftbout borrowing, or begging, or
taking lavors from any man. " "
He ought to have a salary that
would make him independent, and a
permanent tenure of oltlce. Now I
make bold to say that I have looked
through the courts and 1 have heard
the community talk, and I have ex
amined it, and there is not, 1 be
lieve, but a half dozen States in the
Union where there is a court that is
:ii much entitled to respect from the
community as the .Supieme Court of
the Hawaiian Kingdom. It is not
because these men are. so much bet
ter than other men: it is because
ihoy aic favorably Mtuatcd. Cir
cumstances make men aud unmake
them. They will be independent
with a permanent tenure of cilice :
and a decent competence."
Now, that is pluin senc and sound
reason, long ago practically recog
nised by many other countries a9
well as thi-7. In the United States
where the ambition aud self-interest
of tqe "outs" to get "in" are the
.tronget clemrtits in support of the
-iyotem of frequent change, accord
ing to Judge Wendy, "there is a
change of opinion going on on that
point; it is manifesting itself in
every direction;" tind he thinks the
evil will be removed.
As our Siipipino judges me in a
position of independence, unaffect
ed by the altered aspect that may
appear every two years in the poli
tical kaleidoscope a position whioh
the Oiegon judge lightly deems so
desirable the gentlemen so fortu
nately and safely circumstanced
hav the strongest incentive to ma
nifest the strictest impaitiallty in
the discharge of their duties, avoid
ing every appearance of partisan
bias, off the bench as well as on it,
and maintaining a calm indifference
to everything except the admiuiBtta
tion of law and justice.
Not only is it profitable to a coun
try for its judges to bo kept in the
independent position indicated by
.fudge Heady, but a like standing
for its civil servant is the best, the
cheapest, aud the surest means to
secure honest, efficient, and faithful
service. The real work of Govern
ment is done, not, by the political
heads, but by the subordinates, and
fhebo nre the men whom the peoplo
aro ically interested in placing in a
position of independence and sur
rounding with the strpngest incen-
men who ilo the won: siioniii oe
paid, and well pMd for it, or they
will be tempted to help themselves
from the till. And they should have
n pcrmauent tenure of office, and not
be ltablw to be kicked out by cveiy
change of figurehead, or the work
will not be of the best mialltv. How
can there bo efficiency where there is
constant change ? If as soon as a man
has masteicd the duties of his posi
tion, he is superseded by a raw
hand, and the latter in turn is treat
ed the same way, can there be effi
ciency? And if a man expects such
treatment, is he likely to do better
or more, or to be more honest, than
he is absolutely compelled? We
would make all civil servants as in
dependent of all political vagaries
as the. judges, and especially stipu
late as a condition that they abstain
from politics and not go spouting
their partisan propensities around
the streets and elsewhere at election
TRIP THROUGH INDIA.
Xlieo. II Davicn (JIvi'H a l'anil
llni' Tnlk ou lilt Travel".
A large and representative audi
ence gathered in Y. 31. C. A. hall
yesterday evening to hear Mr. Thco.
II. Davies give a "familiar talk" ou
his recent trip through India.
Mr. S. W. Fuller introduced the
speaker, saying he was extremely
Borry when Mr. Davie, had an
nounced his intention of crossing
two oceans to return homo, but this
deprivation had its compensation in
the treat promised them that even
ing. They had intended to give
him n reception on his arrival, but
the design was altered to that of
giving him a giand send-off at his
departure, to which all fiicnds were
invited on Saturday week.
Mr. Wavies explained Iioh he
came to visit India. Taking a Pen
insular and Oriental steamer he first
landed nt Gibraltar. It was a queer
place with a very motley population.
He had seventeen days nt his dis
posal and was ad vised .by a friend to
spend fourteen of them at Jeddore.
Leaving Gibraltar lie passed Scylla
and Charvbdis, finding that Scylla
was a rock and Charvbdis u whirl
pool. He passed the island of Can
dia formerly called Crete, and
reached Port Said, a strange town
like Noah's ark with its variety of
life. Here was the Prince of Wales
with his two sons in the royal yacht
Osborne, which preceded the mail
steamer in entering the Suez Canal.
The passage through the canal, 2.1
yaids wide and 100 miles long, wa3
somewhat monotonous. Passengers
amused themselves shying oranges
at Mussulmans ou the banks. Au
electric light is carried at the bow
of the vessel on the canal at night.
Striking illusions were experienced.
What was taken for a pagoda glit
tering with jewels proved to ne a
scow studded with buckets of mud.
The. mjal party being bound for
India came aboard the steamer, aud
after a passage of twenty-two hours
the Red Sea was entered. It was
touching to see a Captain Weston
on board pointing out places in the
arid surroundings which had home
associations for him. The Well of
Moses were passed, also the place
where it is believed Moscb led the
Children of Israel through the sea.
1 1 was very hot nothing red about
it but the faces of people. Honors
were paid to the Prince of Wales nt
Bombay was reached at a differ
ent hour from that desired by the
population, causing disappointment
as welt as disarrangement ef the pre
parations tor welcoming the Prince.
The whole place was covered with
"bare-legged everything" and varied
costumes. They landed with all the
eyes of Europe on them, and drove
through beautiful streets to the
Great Eastern Hotel. The speaker
amusingly described his room win
dows with no glass, or curtain, or
H-reen, they might as well be outside
ns inside no pillows and two of
those he had to buy he was taking
home as curiosities. His hiring of a
servant with the Eastern haggling
over terms was an entertaining inci
dent. In such business Cook ifc
Son, the famous tourist agents, how
ever abused at home, give valuable
assistance. The pageant celebrating
the arrival of tho Prince of Wale
wns a grand sight, with native troops
in linen uniforms, their dark faces
contrasting, and scimctais gleaming
in the sun. TheToweis of Silence
on Malavar Hill were visited, where
dead parsees arc laid to be devouied
by the hideous vultures ever in wait
ing. A view was had of a scries of
cavcH containing idols chiefly
images of Vishnu, Siva, and Brahma.
Mr. Wavies humorously described
the milking ot the native bulfaloett
--"wild beasts" us lie called them
eeii from the hotel window, the first
intimation of the process coming to
his nose as he lay in bed. While in
the large and beautiful house of a
resident to dinner, the saddest tiling
in India was experienced, being the
exhibition of pictures of children
far away in England who could not
be brought up in India. A conjurer
called him up with a roll of the
drum and went through Rime of the
famous tricks of his kind, the best
of which was making a wooden duck
cut capers on the water in response
to the ilium. The speaker enjoyed
a missionary breakfast nt the house
of Rev. Mr. Hume.
They started by rail for Jeypoor.
Natives weic seen at tho station
trying to get tickets at half price.
Baroda was passed on the way, and
thence they traveled a whole day.
Farmers were seen working with
plows of the style used at the time
of the Exodus,' drawn by the sleek
crav Indian cows. Tho wonderful
method of pumping water with wat
tles was observed. It was a veiy
arid country but exceedingly inter
esting from its Eastern aspect. The
Mnlmrajah of Jeypoor -was a very
independent ruler among hit own
people. One of the pleasantcst ex
periences in India is the way people
uic continually bowing, They made
the speaker think he was somebody,
whole lows of them making obeis
ance to him. It was a free country
where teams coujd pass to cither
side of the road; but if tho other
man is stronger than you, you must
get out of the way. Mr. Wavies
saw a chectnh he ought to have
known what a cheetah was it proved
to be a hunting leopard, lhe city
is surrounded with walls having sev
eral gates. It contains 200,000
people, all the buildings are painted
a beautiful rose color. Looking up
the sky seemed like brown gauze
and the strange appearance was ex
plained to bo caused by a visitation
of locu3ts, the first experienced in
many years. They visited the Maha
rajah's palace, where everything is
of white marble and as gorgeous as
It can be. Here is a splendid silver
service piescnled his highness by
Queen Victoria. A great Hindoo
temple was entered where a throng
worshiped before a golden image.
Sacied animals and birds that must
not be touched much lc3s slain
abounded all over the city. There
are 300 horses in a court of the
unlace. Thev ate pampered and
fed ou butter, milk, flour, and
sugar, aud ono man is appointed to
take care of cacli horse. A row of
caged tigers is seen in the street,
the animals having boon captured
aud confined far indulging in man
killing. A visit was arranged to a
tenantless but magnificent palace,
all visitors being required to go
there riding an elephant. The beast
provided was quite as big as Jumbo.
Mr. Wavies took a sun umbrella with
him, but, hot as was the Indian sun,
he could not use it. If he had a
dozen hands he would have employ
ed them all holding on to the slight
and cranky riding gear. I he oper
ation of the mounting and tho mo
tion of the animal were described jn
a way to provoke laughter. Little
idols stand all along the road. The
old palace waf? one of those read
about in the Arabian Nights every
thing magnificent, nil of marble,
massive pillars, broad steps. There
was a goddess that used to have a
man sacrificed to her every day,
but under English rule she had to
be content with a goat daily. The
guide indicated a blemish on her
features as a mark of displeasure
for the change of offering. There
was more haggling on the way back
with a marble curio huckster, in
whioh the tourist came out worsted
Delhi, the scene of tragedy in tho
Indian mutiny, was a magnificent
place, a walled city witu live gates.
Here was seen the palace of the
king who lost all by identifying
himself with the mutiny. The pea
cock throne la preserved, but its
diamonds and precious stones were
taken away. Old Welhi lias not
been uninhabited 9ince the days of
Moses. The mosque of Delhi is
second largest in the world. Its
tower ascended by 330 steps im
pressed the lecturer more than any
thing in India. It is built of red
sandstone, the bright color broken
with white patches, and brilliant
green parrots fluttering about it
make a beautiful contrast. A tomb
foity feet in height was the attrac
tion of strings of pilgrims on camels.
Mr. Da vies was much affect ed by a
visit he r.aid to a Hindoo mission
school where 30 or 40 young meu
were receiving the higher education.
Although oiily threeoutof tho num
ber were Christians, yet all were
giateful for the education intro
duced by English missionaries. The
names of Dr. Duff aud Dr. Wilson
were worshiped in India for this
cause. On this occasion it was put
to the students thai, although Eng
land was looked to for support of
tho college, perhaps they would
themselves contribute to a certain
pioposed extension of the work, and
the response wns prompt and grati
fying. Mr. Davies had formed tho
highest opinion-of the Delhi mission.
Tho missionaries' best hope wns that
some native man would rise to lead
Ills countrymen to Christianity. An
instance of ' nativo integrity was
given in the refusal of a student to
practise law under a license granted
him, more by favor than merit, by
his father, who was Minister of
From Delhi the speakor went to
Agra where marvelous tombs with
marble In lace-work designs aston
ish the tourist. Thence he went to
Cawnporp and aw the remains of
the desolation of tho mutiny. The
memorial church has the names en
tabled of 1100 men, women, and
children who were massacred. A
monument stands to tho memory
alone of 1800 who were cast into the
wells. Beautiful seraphs adorning
the sad precincts have had their
wings knocked off by heartless relic
hunters. Here a sugar mill can be
bought for 30 rupees, or about $10.
There aro ten plantations to the
acre aud they will not amalgamate,
so the President of the Honolulu
Iron Works thought there was not
much chance of Introducing a diffu
sion plant there.
Lucknow, the next point, was the
only town in India where Mr. Da
vies would live. One of its first pe
culiarities observed, however, was
that the occupations of coach build
ers nnd wine merchants were blend
ed In one business. There was the
ever-present annoyance of hawkers
of all sorts of coolh. The Residency
of Lucknow Is preserved riddled
with bullets from the mutiny, and
the room where Sir Henry Lawrence
was shot, and that wherein ho died,
arc pointed out. Thirteen hundred
English soldiers and between four
and five hundred olllcers and civil
ians were besieged by o0,000 In
dians. Benares on the Ganges revealed
bwarms of devotees bathing in the
sacred but muddy waters, and
emerging to be anointed by sleek
and piosuerous looking priests. A
dozen men were sitting around the
consuming body of a woman, tend
ing the fire and' waiting to throw the
ashes iuto the river. A temple con
taining sacred cattle aud a golden
temple were theie, also a monkey
temple in which the frisky objects
of devotion were scaicely as ill-
looking as their worshipers.
Calcutta was found hot, nnd
muddy, and wet, everything looking
like fever. Tlicnce they ascended
the Himalayas, precipices on either
hand ten times and peaks fifty times
as high as those ot the Niiuanu Pali.
They mounted 7000 feet in 4.1 miles.
The grandest tropical scenery
abounded tree ferns, bamboos 80
feet high, butteiflies of all colors.
So ended his vistlo marvelous India.
What struck liini the most was the
swarming of men, women, and chil
dren everywhere. The plethora of
life makes labor cheap, bnt there is
no dignity of labor there. 1 he na
tives of Ceylon he thought superior
to those of'thc mainland. Tho white
men in India always look tired, the
white women always worn ont.
English people think easily of the
mission homes in India, but lie
thought more of what men will do
for Jesus by what he had seen of
missionaries in India.
Mr. Davies was heard with rapt
attention from beginning to end,
frequent laughter being the only
breach of perfect btillness.
Mr. Fuller conveyed the thanks
of the audience to the lecturer.
THE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE GO.,
Is issuing a new form of insurance which provides, in the event of death, for a return of all premiums paid iu ad
dition to the amount of the polio', or, should the insured survive a given number of years, tho Company will
return all the premlumti paid with intciest; or, Instead of accepting the policy nnd profits in cash the lesrnl holder
may, WITHOUT MEDICAL EXAMINATION nnd WITHOUT FURTHER PAYMENT OF PREMIUMS, takfc in
lieu thereof the amount of policy nnd profits in FULLY' PAID UP insurance, participating annually in dividends.
Remember, this contract is issued by the oldest Life Insurance Company in the United Slates, aud the Lor
gest Finnucial Institution in the World, its assets exceeding -.One Hundred and Twenty-Six Millions of Dollnru.
I5T For full partlculats call on or address ' v '
S. DB. ROSE,
Dcc-2 1-80 General Agent for the Hawaiian Islands.
BAKERY and COFFEE SALOON,
IVTJU A.IX CJ S-XJEt,12SErJ?.
ALWAYS ON HAND AND TO ORDER
Fresh Cakes, Pies, Buns, Rusks, Doughnuts, Picnic Rolls,
niiii aid Saloon Bread, Jills, (liiipr Sins, Coffee Cakes, Etc., Etc.
DELIVERED FREE of CHARGE to anv
I3IJUL. of FAREi
pail of the city. JB&
Soused Pig's Feet; Cold Hani,
grtr And will l)ii
Coffee, Tea, Chocolate A Milk
Spiced Tongue, Spiced Hoof, Salads, Etc.
AMERICAN CIGARS !
A LAllOB A8fl01lT.Mi:KT OF
I'ipc & Cigarette Tobacco, Pipes, Cigar & Cigarette Holders, Coltt Drinks, Etc.
Saturday night, open all night. Bell Telephone 282.
FINE HAVANA, MANILLA
Open from 3::i0 a,
Mutual Telephone 211. Post
M. until 9:30 v.
Ofiico Box 178.
LEMONADE WORKS COMPANY.
D. T. DBAJLLJSY, Manager
:-and-: PLAIN : SODA,
Auction Sales by James F. Morgan.
M f fl fl
All communications and orders should lie addressed to
BENSON, SMITH & CO.,
, .A. genres.
Gate City Stone Filter ! FINE-LINE of DRESS GOODS !
New Styles of Wash Material
'.y older of Me
CO., I will hold
T. II. DAVIE
At my Silesioom, (Juccu si i cot,
On THURSDAY, Itlnreli 27,
AT 10 O'CLOCK .. 31..
The assortment embraces a largo liue of
S'aide Hoods just ici'dviii unit especi
ally eciectoo tor nits mui;ci,a loiiuwu:
DRY -:- GOODS !
Mnrlnos, DrefH Goods,
While nnd Itrown CottoiiH,
licrlino. Prinip, via., etc,
Tunis unit Suits I.eiigthp,
GROCERIES -:- HARDWARE !
KftOit, Hmeo Paus, fliihnu'zfil
Tulissnd lluckets, etc., H'cu IJirs,
Cut's of Koup; n veiy full llun of
GROOEE 3R. Y
.lust opened, nomprl.slu'
All ".izes of XunplcB nnd Howie,
I'ilclicrn nnd Itvslun, (; ips
'Juicer?, Plates, itccio,
JUST OPENED AT
: . Chas. J. FISHEL'S,
Millmqiy & Prcemnukiug Entablisliment, Corner Fort fe Hotel sts.
J-: ' o
Speoiiil intention is culled to th'.n trilo
of new nnd Ktiiplu Uoorin.
YEUMH J-.I:itA !...
IAS. V. MORGAN,
lVr Hiulicnllrca N. Castle
y fiujh supply of
These Filters mo cosily clcnused,
nud NEVER become OtAUKKI) or
CltAZED by change, of temnenituioof
Tho FlUeiliicMcdluuilH a NATURAL
TOXE, mined from thceaith. It Is
unlike iuv other btone.
It Doos Not Absorb and
Become Foul !
IMPURITIES never PENETRATE
it, but lie on the surface, and Internally
the Rtoue remains as pure and white
after years of use as when taken from
Immense Sir of INDIA CHALLIES at ID yfls for ill
E G A 1ST & GTJIST N
., HA,V,B JUST RECEIVED E AUSTRALIA
iL Choice Line of Dry & Fancy Goods,
acta GIovcb from S tr.:Q,i3u.ttonw,
Hosiery, Salines, Scotch Gingbams, latest patterns; ffoolea Dteis Goods,
' ALSO, A CHOICE LOT OE
Boys', Youths' & Children's Clothing, Trunks, Bags & Yalises.
The Gate City Stone Filter a por
lect success. It Is the only real filter I
have ever seen. I would nut bo without
one for any consideration, it converts
our lake water Into the best drluklug
water Iu the woild.
Hi'.Nitv M. Lyman, M. D.,
533 West Adams St , Chicago.
Br For Sale by ,
HAWAIIAN HARDWARE Co.,
01 osliy Hprcclceln & Co.'h Lank,
O tf Fort direct, Honolulu.
CORNER HOTEL & FORT STREETS.
STOCK I HAVE REDUCED MANY LINES OF
IMMENSE BARGAINS ARE OFFERED
' 'A OF THE FOLLOWING GOODS
rX!ifi IT'etor nary lfftli. Only.
Hay & Grain mow
-1011 KM.'. 1IV-
J. F. COLBURN &Co.,
fi05 Queen atrcit. lw
Reail Estate For Sale.
npWO HntiscH nnd Loth ou
X Rolicllo Lane, Falama.
Convenient to stcntn and tiam
rai. very iieaituy loeauiv. i.ni on
KlnK atiect,near llauiauUu ' Line, lot
particulars apply to
JOHN F, BOWLER
Or Chuu.T. QullcU. 400 am
Solo Proprietors of BAILEY'S SABSAPARILLA & IRON WATER,
Gliipr Mc, in' Ale, Grenadine, Basiermie, Sarsanarilla, Mineral Waters, Etc. -
Koit sau: nv im:-
124 pair of Undressed Kid Gloves I
C anijliullons in perfect order nt $1 u. puir Great Bargaine.
All my DRS-.dWGIIAMfl about 140 iiopeH to eeleet fiom nio odored "nt
( . , CoHt I'rico. A small line of
Scotch Ginghams at a Great Reduction !
IJJJA THIS A largo assortment of READ THIS
WJttlTJE DRESS GOODS,
Sueh ns l'iqitCB,E.mbioiderel Swihbch, India Linon, Plain Swiss, Nainsook nnd
ui'iuiy other lines of White Goods. I will pell at such a
f. , T inico that everybody will buy them.
"J,eincniber, Fobrunry 15th will closo this bale, j3
S. EHRLICH, ,
Corner Hotol & Fort Streets.