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mm " THE COCOANUT.
Wjfrr COUMISK FOUT & HOTEIi STKEETS.
CH 1ST ;-i ;i
HnMM aim GIovg Boxes, Collar & Gif Boxes,
PLUSH SHAVING SETS.
--Ladies' and Gentlemen's Handkerchiefs,--
HAND PAINTED TIDIES.
S. EHRL1CH & CO.,
1-91 Corner Fort & Hotel Street h,
l m.l.l,-!.., ...I I Mil ' lllllllll
The Eouifaliie Life Issraic
Society of the United States.
New Assurance Writtou in 1890 $ 203,826,107 00
Income 35,036,683 24
Surplus (from which dividual! vv ill be made) 23,740.447 34
An Investment Worth Knowing About I
Before assuring your life, or investing jour money, examine the Twenty
Year Tontine Policies of The Equitable Life Assurance Society of the U. S.
Policies maturing in 1891 realize cabh returns to the owners, of amounts
varying ironi 120 to 17C per cent, of the money paid in, besides the advan
tage of the Assurance during the whole period of twenty years.
The following is one of many actual cases matunng this year:
Endowment Policy No. 04,925.
Issued in 1871, at ac;e 27. Amount, 5,000.
Premium, 8239.90. Total Prems. Paid, 4,798.
at;End of Tontine Period jn 1891 :
Cash Surrender Value. $8,449.45 .
(Equal to S17G.10 for each 5100 paid in piemiums, which is equivalent to
ni return of all premiums paid, with interest at 7 per cent, per annum.)
Or, in lieu of cash,
A Paid-up Life Policy for $19,470
(Equal to 8403.80 for each 8100 paid in premiums.)
A Life Annuity of $633.55.
General Agent for the Hawaiian Islands, Equitable Life Assurance So
ciety of the D. S. 1-91
j-U111. H iimi 11 l I Willi IH IIW !! WtWMM MW 1X1 I W
Telephones, No. 119. BEW P. O. Box 372.
i " h n a m m ta r
King Street, bet. Fort & Alakea Streets,
IMPORTER & DEALER IN
Groceries, Provisions, Flour & Feed.
Fresh California Roll Butter & Island Butter
ALWAYS ON HAND.
New Goods received by every steamers from San Francisco.
gj&r All orders faithfully attended to and satisfaction guaianteed. Island
oulers bolicited and imeked with caio.
Telephones, No. 175. B&J Oor. Edinburgh & Queen Sts
UNION FEED CO., L'd,
OFFER FOR SALE
California Wheat, Oat Hay, in large and compressed bales; Bin ley, Rolled
A Giound B.u ley, California & New Zealand Oats, Middling), Bum, Com,
Giauked Com, Wheat, Etc., Etc., Etc., Etc. Albo,
Drifted Snow and Victor Flour
: ST IS 14 T X JL. I S5 10 X H :
We keep constantly in -toek tho cclobiated Feitiliers iniiiiufactuied by Mi.
A. Haas of San Francisco, viz.: Bono Meal, Wool Dust and High Grade
(taper Phosphates, all of which can be had at bediock prices.
jpf" Tsbind oiders solicited and BRtiHfactinn guaranteed. JgCS
LEWIS & CO..
HONOLULU, H. I
Importers, Wholesale & Retail
By each steamer of tho O. K, H. Co, fiom California fiesh Oulnforniti Roll
Butter, Frozen Oystois and Fresh Cahfoinia Fruits, Fish, Game, Vegetables,
etc., eto. A completo lino of Crosse & Blaekwell's & J. T. Murtoii't, Cumed
& Bottled Gooils alwayo on liuud. Also, just received u fresh lino of German
Pales and Potted Meats and Bottled Prcourvcd Fmits, Lewis & Co.'s Maltese
Biand Sugar Cuied Hams and Bacon, New Breakfast Ceieals, Cream Oat
Flakes and Cream Wheat Flakes, Sicily Lemons ami California Rivoisidi
Oranges, Oregon Buihauk Potatoes, Etc., Etc,. Etc. Satisfao'i'Jii j'uaianteed.
P. O. Box MO.-
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Groceries, Provisions and Feed,
BAST CORNER FORT AND KING STREETS.
Now Goods received by every packet from Eabtorn States and Europe,
Fresh California Produce by every Htcamer, All oiders faithfully attended
to und Goods delivered to any purt of tho city free of chaigo. island orders
jsolioited. Satisfaction guaranteed. 1-91
Wiips! Drnms !
Snlrhelsl Purses I
BBBHU WWIII ISffB'MnajlIIUB
-P. O. Box 297.
Ill Fort Street,
Dealers in Groceries & Provisions,
-Telophone No. 92.
tnppi i mf-ftmmfifv
I herewith appoint Mit. M. GOLD
BERG, Agent for the sale of my
Genuine Sanitary Underclothing in
the Hawaiian Islands. Beware of
PROF. DR. G. JAEGER.
Stuttgart, the 19th of September, '90.
A FULL ASSORTSSNUST ARRIVED.
M. II. IIOOOS.
HUSTACE & CO.,
D R A Y M E N .
All oi dors for cartage piomptly attended
to. Paitienlar attention
paid to the
StoriDg S& Shipping
Of good in tiansit to the other Islands.
ALSO BLACK & WHITE SAND
In quantities to suit at lowest juices.
t$T Oki'joi:: Next dooi to Jas. P.
Moi gan's amnion loom.
Mutual 19 ia Telephones sSf "ell 414
.&& 'PIIE Veiy Deniable Re,l
$$&5 deuce located on Kinnii
naXs3& meet near the roiner of I'uu
siieola stieut. piccntly occupied by P.
F. August Elilcis. IIotie eoiitaius ,u
loi., (liiiuig-iooin, Ivltehen, tlueu chain
Iji'is, batluooin, puutiy. ei.uula looms
ami aiupluelorut space. Poeilou given
Dcccmbci 1st. liupilieat
HAWAII N ilAJtmVAJU; CO.,
a4i"i If 1'oit stieet, opp. bpieekcle
Uluc Hlit-er. Ilniinliilii.
Bxcelleut aceoiuiiiodaiion for putlentn.
DU. A. It. HO WAT, V. S.
Olllco Iloillfe 7:80 to 10 u. in,; 12:0
to 2 p. in.; I:;;u tot! p. in.
Tklkimionks: Hell ill!. Mutual 183,
1". O. Ilox Mfi, 192lf
JF you want a Flict-cl.ifw Jnbof P.ilnt
ing uf any deseiiption done, call on
the I'l.ietlcal I'aluter, J. L. MKVf' only,
Koithticet 1!!(). P. O. Hux387. Mutual
Telephone Mi. lr.fi if
loo Dillon'tlio IJitrhor
IS now doing business on his own ac
count at 87 King slice! , wheielio
will be pleased to genu all his old
filcuda and us nmuy new ouen as may
call. dec 10-91
Tho lx'Ht (liiii to hoixI io
your frioiiflH abroiul is Kiu
IJroH,' IlliiHtratud Hoiivoiiir
of Hawaii, whiuli jh k)1(cii
up lor tliu purposo and in
not an udvurtiHomoitt.
Cocoanut On,.-Tlio principal coni
mcrcial value of tho cocoanut is for
its oil, which is obtained from the
kernel of the nut when dried.
Copin, as it is called in the dry
state, is piepnrcd by removing the
husk and breaking the shell of tho
matured cocoanul, which should bo
kept a month or six weeks after it U
gathered, for then the copia dries
moie quickly and is richer in oil.
The kernel or meat is broken up into
small pieces anil laid out in the sun
to dry for one or two days till its
watery pails are all evnpoiated. It
must not bo allowed to get wet, for
it will then get quickly mouldy and
lot. 1000 full sized nuts will make
over 600 pounds of copra which will
yield about 30 gallons of oil.
The oil is obtained by pressure or
boiling. For the ordinaiy purpose
of commerce the former method is
used. If intended for pci fumery use,
and is required colorless, the follow
ing piocess is employed: The ker
nel is plunged in water and boiled
for a few minutes, then taken out,
grated and placed in the oil press;
the emulsion thus obtained is boiled
until the oil rises to the surface.
Its principal use is in the manufac
tuie of soap and candles, hair oils,
pomades and cosmetics. It makes,
with the exception of one prepared
from the - yuie omtricana, the only
soap that is soluble in salt water. It
i3 the principal mateiial now used in
tlie manufacture of line soaps, and
has become a substitute for wax in
the manufacture of line candles. It
is extensively used and substituted
for olive oil in pharmaceutical prep
arations, and by cloth manufactuieis
and glass blowers. It is often em
ployed as a lamp oil in European
countries, and vast quantities are
burned in lamps thiougliout the whole
Indian archipelago and the Pacific
'isles. In its native homes it is also
hugely used in cookeiy when fiesh;
it then has a rich Jlavor, but soon
In Ceylon the oil is expressed
mostly by common rude oil mills
woiked by a man, a boy and two
oxen ; working eight hours a day
the' will opeiale on 130 pounds of
copra. There are over 3000 of these
mills in Ceylon, but latterly inipmved
steam machinery has been introduced
and is being (nought into profitable
use. Priestman Bros., of Hull, Eng
land, furnish estimates ol cocoanut
oil machinery consisting of circular
cutting machines, edge stone run
ners, slc.un pans, steam heater, hy
draulic pi esses, pumps for pi esses,
iron tanks, steam engine, etc. An
apparatus to be run by a 10-horse
power engine and capable of produc
ing about '250 gallons per day is esti
mated at abput '1330.
The alue of the oil fluctuates con
siderably in its vaiious ipaikcts but
is always at a piofltable figure and in
Cocoanut Fumi: ou Com. Next
to (he oil in value is the fibrous
husk of the cocoanut which as pre
paid! for market is known as coir.
It is a valuable fibie and an import
ant article of commerce which is in
large and constantly increasing de
mand in Europe, Asia and America,
having been found suited for the
production of a variety of aiticlos of
utility and elegance, such as table
mats, fancy baskets, bonnets, etc.
It is used for the manulacture of
coarse brushes, rugs, door mats, and
mattings for passages and lobbies.
It is preferred to hoise hair for
stulling mattrasses, cushions, chairs
and saddles, as it is indestructible,
has no unpleasant smell, and har
bois no vermin: it is woven into
hummocks, and cordage of all sizes,
it being the best material yet known
for ships' cables, because of its great
elasticity and strength, and it is im
proved rather than injured by sea
water. Machinery has been eon
stiucted by which the fibre is render
ed sullleiently fine for the loom, and
matting of diffci cut textures is pro
duced and in a combination with
wool it makes double hearth rugs
Coir is prepared by soaking the
lucks in water for six to eight months
till they are rotten enough to throw
out the fibie when beaten. The pro
cess vaiies in dilfeient places but the
method in Ceylon appears to pro
duce the best fibre. The husks are
buried in pits near the river bank
wheie there aie strong currents and
leinain under water during the mon
soon: the stench from those rotten
pits is intolerable: when tho husks
ar taken out the fibie is beat out
with short heavy clubs, washed
clean, dried and bundled up for mar
ket. The tannin which tho libie
contains pi events it from rolling.
Apparatus and machines aie now
made, however, by which the coir
can bo manulactuied more rapidly.
The machinery is simple in construc
tion and easily worked, consisting of
the following": tanks for soaking the
husks, roller null, for sli (lightening
the husks, bieaking down mill,
"milly" machine for sepaiating the
different qualities of fibre, removing
Hie dust, etc., hydiaiilio press for
baling, shaftings, pulleys, belting,
etc. The fotegoing apparatus, with
an b hotse power engine, is made in
England at a cost of about 700,
and is capable of cleaning say 7000
husks per day, pioducing about 30
cwt. of fibre and nbout 7 cwt, of
biush fibre. Tho Usual estimate is
that 1000 husks of average si.e
should produce about fl cwt, offline
and ab6ut 1 cwt. of brush fibre.
Soaking tanks of biick or wood aie
pieferable to the iron which are usu
ally omitted from tho above esti
mates, A factory combining tho manu
facture of both coir fibre und cocou-
ill I m yi1mmtmiatafcS,
nut oil, of the dimensions abovo
stated, could be worked with one U
horse power engine which would
make the whole cost less than 2000.
Large quantities of coir are annu
ally exported from Ceylon, Bombay,
Malabar and Uoromandcl.
Copua. Outside of Ceylon and
pcihaps two or three other British
Colonies where oil machinery is used,
the gi eat bulk of tho cocoanut pro
duct of the tiopies that is not con
sumed locally, is shipped to the
markets of Europe and Ainciica in
the shape of copra. Maiseillos, Hain
biiig, London and Liveipool are tho
chief maikets and the annual impoit
amounts to many millions of pounds.
The price received locally varies in
different countries nnd lluotuales
from lo. to 5ie. per pound, and in its
foreign inaikel about double that.
Poonac. Tins is the name given
iu Ceylon and so known commer
cially in England to the refuse or oil
cake of the nut after the oil is ex
pressed. It is an excellent feed
meal for all kinds of stock and is also
used as a rich fertilizer The refuse
meal from 1000 nuts will bo aboui
200 lbs., worth in London about Gs.
Gd. the cwt.
Anauk ou "Toddy "This noted
beverage is made by cutting the un
expanded fruit shoot or spathe of the
cocoanut tree and extracting the
juices. It is often thought advisable
to extiact the juices for toddy from
the young tree and not allow the
blossoms lo be grown in order to
render the future fruit bunches more
numerous and give the sap a ten
dency to flow. In some places the
trees are never allowed lo bear fruit,
but toddy is always extracted and
forms an article of export. In other
places certain fiuit shoots are cut for
toddy while the others vnll still pro
duce cocoanuts. A healthy blossom
will yield from one to two quarts
daily for more than a mouth. By
boiling this sweet juice, or suri as it
is called iu the East, a brown sugar
is obtained, one gallon yielding a
pound of sugar. In its half fer
mented slate suri is used as yeast
and also makes a fine vinegar. When
fermented the toddy is clean and
transparent, of a light straw color,
and intoxicating, and is thus known
as the auack of commence. Cevion
annually expoits about 1,000000
gallons. In certain sections of the
Orient the whole crown of the tree is
cut off and at the top of the stem a
deep basin is scooped out. The as
cending sap collects in this recept
acle at the late of about four quarts
a day for abput lu days, then gradu
ally diminishes and ceases to How in
about two months, when the tree be
comes diy and is cut for timber.
The juice thus obtained called dipse
is sweeter than honey when fresh,
and it is distilled into a wine, caJlcd
anack or ariky.
To le Continued.')
ARE YOUR CHILDREN SUBJECT TO
As a preventive and cure for
cioup, Chamberlain's Cough Remedy
has no rival. It is, in fact, the only
remedy that can always be depended
upon and that is pleasant and safe to
take, Pheie is not the least danger
in giving it to childien, as it contains
no injurious substance. For sale at
o0 cents per bottle by all dealers.
Benson, Smith & Co., agents.
When jou want, u Portrait
Enlarged call on Ivinj; Bros.,
grl ttifir piico lint, and m
Hiimpli'8. They can't he beat.
APIECE of Land with Four Cot
tages ou VimjaiU stieet, lented
for ,2S pei month, hoi- paitleulais
"Pply to J. M. VIVAS.
ilO.i 1 in
About to be ImiIU at the conn r of uio
tiiiila and ICecaumoKii stieeis, ouch con
taining I'm lor. DIuliig-iooiii, ll.ijhvay,
4 IU'diooius, Kitchen, Pantiy and Jiuh,
fcP The plans can bo H'en at my
ofllee, mid any altcr.itious detbed by it
tenant will be made.
ii!)8tf u. .r. McCarthy.
Contractor -&'.S j, & Builder.
Honolulu Steam Pinning Millj, Espla
Manufactures all kinds of Jlouldlngg,
llrneketH, Window Piaines, lillmis,
Sashes, Doors, and all kinds of wood
vvoikilalBli, Turnliif,',fc)ciollaiid Hand
Sawing. All kinds of hawing and
Plaiiliifc', Moitlclng and Tenanting,
W Oiders piomptly attended to and
vvoik gum anteed Oideis fiem tho
oilier Islands solieUcd, i-:n
Fop Yokohama A Hong Kong
THE FINK STEAMSHIP
Will boduiiat Ibis poit on .liinuaiy 7th,
and will ictiiiii to Yokohama
ou oi about
January 10 th, 1892.
connecting at that port with the Hong
For freight or passage apply to
WM. G. IRWIN & CO.'. Limited,
wi!iwiWi,iWii;uiww-,i,,,M,1M.,l,i..,. . M ji ..bjCwtmw
Iinpoitm and Dealer in
Steel and. Iron Banges, Stoves anfl Fixtures,
AGATE WARE IN
WHITE, GRAY AND
Crockery, Rubber Hose, Lift and Force Pumps,
Water Closets, Water and Soil Pipes.
Plumbing, Tin, Copper and Sheet iron Work,
J. N. S, WILLIAMS,
R. MORE, : :
Office & Works
i. o. jiox aso
MANUFACTURERS OF ALL KINDS OF
Sugar Machinery, Steam Engines,
Plain or Automatic Cutoff, Boilers for land anil marine use,
Vacuum Pans up to 11 feet iu diameter,
Double, Triple or Quadruple Effects.
Wrought Iron or Cast Iron Tanks for all purposes,
Oane Wapons, Sugar Wagons, Cranes,
Hoisting Machinery, Rice Mill Machinery and
Wrought & Cast Iron Work for House Buildinr.
A Largo & Varied Assortment of Bar Iron always on hand !
: SPECIALTIES :
Diffusion Machinery in all its Branches. -
Sole Manukacturkiis in Hawaiian Islands fou
William's Patent Furnaces for burning cane Hash.
William's Patent Cane Slicing Machines, the most successful and econo
Marsden & Rickard's Patent Evaporator, utilizing the waste heat in smoke
stack the latest impiovcment.
-KoW A;;e tH Iu Hawaiian ImIuixuk Kir tlio
Pelton Wafer Wheel Co. of San Francisco.
Bell's Asbestos Packing Co. of London, England.
Sheet Packing, Stuffing Box Packing,
Manhole & Handhole Gatkels, Steam Pipe & Boiler Coverings.
g& These Packings are used exclusively by the British Admiraltv in
EJ& Repaiis to all kindb of Maohinoiy done at reasonable rates and at
ihipoing k Commission Merchants,
PIjANTATION INSURANCE AQBNTS,
Builders' and General Hardware, Agricultural Implements,
Carpenters', RliuikHnntW, MaoliiniatR' & PlumborH' Tools,
HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS !
ICitolien UteiiHilH, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Lamp Goods and
BIdko's Steam Piimpii, Weston's Centrifugals,
Yllcox i (llbbs, & Keraiugton Sewing Macriines,
Dr. Jayue & Sons Family Medlolnos.
: p. o. box -180. : mm BL
"V!Nt Cor. Xiiiiuiiii
All kinds of NEW and SECOND-HAND FURNITURE sold chean
for cabh at Hie 1 X L.
tTThoI X L pays tho HIGHEST CASH PRICE for till kind ol
Second-hand Furniture, Stoves-Sowing Machines, Etc., Eto.
IF YOU WANT TO SELL
cntiiety, call at tho 1 X L Auction & Commission UotibO, corner Nuuaiiu
and King btieots.
Prompt Returns Made on Goods Sold on Commission
S. W. LF.DF.RER,
V53" S1ov Oiion Sutiifdiiy
Issued Kxrery Tuesday.
& Kitchen Utensils,
uucen ouuui, nUflUIUIll.
n.. 01....1 ii ..,.
A : mutual tel. jo.:
t... . .............. c
Js IIik (siroiH.
out your Hoiiboliold Fumituro in its
hveuhiurH HI! O o'clock &i