Newspaper Page Text
jy i .'r."- -r:
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The Equitable Life Assurance
Society of the United States?
JANUAKY I, 1892.
Liabilities, 4 percent $110,000,000.00
j 1 1 M ii ! r i ii - i i n ' ' " - -- .,.. -
SURPLUS . 25,000,000.00
New Business Written in. 1SUL $230,000,000.00
Assurance in Force.
The 32d Annual Statement will be issued hereafter; in
the interval the foregoing- figures will show approximately
the chief items of the account.
ALEX. J. CARTWRSCHT,
General Agent for Hawaiian Islands.
Builders' & Gene.al Hardware,
PAINTS, OILS, VARNISHES & LAMP GOODS,
AGATE WARE, TIN WARE, NEVER BREAK WARE,
Cilery k teral Isrctafa,
Blake's Eteam Fumps,
WILCOX & GIBE'S, ANDREM1NGTCN
4s 1'OJw'j' frjrM.i:i'.T.
After taking Stock we of fei supeiiur values for less thun former piiees in every
CllEMLJ.K 1 ORTIERKS, FROM ijU.ul) LH'W rd,
AT ALL foTYLES AND PRICES.
GENTS' SHIRTS, UNDERWEAR, COLLARS AKD CUFfcS.
:?OCKs AM) bOARFS AT COST.
2? Dre.-ainuking under the management of MISS IC. CLARKE
1 tNlr Lt
COKNUlt FORT & HOTEL STKJSKTS
JL.sli ! llii! Iacliew -
GENUINE!-FOSTER KID GLOVES I-GENOINE I
IN ALL COLORS.
Will t Sroltl l'of One VmjW it 81 SO u J-MUr.
A Large Assortment of Embioldeiy ; Oiicntal, Chiffon, and Torchon Luces,
5T At Reduced Prices ! i&tt
S. EIIRLICII & CO.
SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT !
lOO Fori nd'oet
Ctyf On and after the 1st day of A pi II, we Intend to do a strictly CAhll busl
iess. All outstanding bill- we w'iMi paid before that date.
Our Ckaia'iee'Salc vvi I Continue unlil April 1st.
Gloves, Hosiery, Handkerchiefs, Embroidery, Laces, Ribbons,
Notion", H11U. .satin-. Siirmh-. Wool Dress OoodH, Cotton, Sheetings,
Linens ( minim-. I'm Mere-. IJed Spieads, Rugs, Hoys' und Gent's
Clothing. JJati-, (Mraw and felt.); raps. Trunks, lings,
Viill.-i'i, Collar-. Cufl-, Shirts Undei wear, Etc.
tfip ( nil and i-ec foi joiiikU the llheial dlt-eoiints we aic offering for CASH. "XS1
3 OB faA.J.w
Hawaiian Wine Co,
28 A: 110 .MKIiCIIANT STRKKT,
A.i panics who liave left watches or
clocks with A. A. Doi Ion, Wal
lul.li, .Maul, for ictmlis aie hci- by notl
Jied to (jlilm their inoperiy within sixty
diiyb, as they will be deb.iucd fiom
i'laiining Ihueaflcr, he having gone out
of business. Claims tit be i-oi t lo Mr.
Ei'kuil. at Mr. Doiion's l.ito place of
business. WalluUu, or to the iiudiii
rflgued. THOs. NO'IT,
itb liu Honolulu.
WHiHSSBSHVi ivZM i
Sausages ! Sausages !
tfllKslI IJologna, Liver Pudding.
' lilood Puildlng, Head Cheese,
l'raukfiiil miiimiuu, Vii una Sausage and
! l'liii' Poik SaiiFage always on hand and
, delivered to older by
GEO. D. SOIIRAKDER,
i:i2 Foit stieet. two doors above the
tW .Mutual Tel. 710. KJSUm
rNhTRUCTION in Flench, Spanish
I mill I .mi lii irlvi-n hv Professor
I I.ombaid. i'nivertiity Graduate. Clas-e-
ami piiwuc ic.-Miii-. liiuinuiar nrcou-ver-aiion.
Highest cicdcuthiln from
1 lance and California. Ti'iins inoile
late. Funiculars fiom the. Flench
Cou-ul, oi at Mis. Cow us', near Y, M.
('. A. a 18 Jin
, R.R.C. JtARXI'IKLI) holds chii-sc-I'l
in I);. living mid fainting at hl
stildlo, Hotel j-Uiait, 1)IH k of I)r. Alidel
mjii tV Lund). 1111 II
Island Soelis and Curios !
HOLKSALE ami ictall. ibcapfor
M cash, at 101 Fort siieot, hem een
Killers' thy goods stoic and Frank
Gcitz's hIiou stoic.
853 U T. TANNA'IT.
(Continued from 1st pitye.)
lato production and lessen tlto farm
itiR expensos on each ton of sugar.
More, catio would be produced per
acre and the cano would doubtless
yield a higher percentage of mutoso.
Tho planter's labor would bo moro
piodtably and intelligently dltectcd
because his interests would bo bound
up In a two-fold degree in the tesults
of bin industry, lie would have con
stantly before htm the advantage of
a larger animal income, mid of an
ownership in the soil. Where plan
tations own leases of Crown lands, it
is altogether probable that legislation
could be had that would give tenants
under this system a quit-claim deed
to the land occupied by them up to
a certain number of acres. Tills
might be an outright grant, as in
early days, in view of long residence
on the land, or it might be at a price
ecpual to the amount of the rental for
the ten years of occupancy. The
former, In view of the desirability of
encouraging small farmers, might
prove the wiser ulau.
In favor of the system, thus brief
ly outlined, it may bo claimed that it
U simpler, and more permanently
advantageous to the sugar interests,
mid more desirable for the country
at large. It is simpler. Everything
is dependent on tho industry of the
planter. Ills own inlet csts arc so
bound up in the results of his labor
as to provo a constant spur. The
acquisition of a home for himself and
family, and the certain provision
possible for old age, will be a per
manent incentive. The plantation
company will bo so interested finan
cially in the fruits of Ii'ib labor as to
leave the laborer undisturbed, so
long as he advantageously serves his
Thi3 scheme is more permanently
advantageous to the sugar interests
inasmuch as it does away with the
unsatisfactory elements in the planta
tion system. The management of
labor is reduced to a miuihiliin. The
friction now existing will largely dis
appear. The financial loss on ac
count of frequent changes of labor
ers, and on account of unintelligent
labor, or of labor not directly inter
ested in its ptoduct, will no longer
occur. The manager or pane in
spector, whose function would be
mainly advisory, being relieved from
the harassing details that now con
sume so much vitality and lead to so
many complications, could give more
attention to scientific farming and
create a prestige for himself among
the planters that would advance ex
periments looking to the financial
betterment of all concerned.
This leasehold system of cane
growing is more desirable for the
country at large inasmuch as it would
offer attractions to the elements in
our population which it is most de
sirable to retain among us. The
family is the unit of genuine indus
trial welfare, for it provides the ele
ments of permanence and of recup
eration and of vital self-interest. The
low-class labor that contentedly ex
ists in plantation barracks and never
makes homes, would be stranded,
and that too, greatly to the financial
advantage of our plantation interests,
if proper inducements should be of
feied, and proper protection be guar
anteed, to the laborers who want to
make homes for themselves on land
that they have a reasonable chance
to acquire and hold in their own right.
That the leasehold system will
prove attractive to the most intelli
gent labor in our population there can
be but little doubt. Men with Euro
pean blood in their veins have always
and everywhere been willing to toil
hard and long to win homes and pro
vision for old age. The labor that is
done by farmers in America and Eu
rope is more exacting, and calls for
greater privations, and yields blighter
returns, and is performed under more
disadvantageous climatic conditions
than is the cacu with cane-growers in
this country. Then too the semi-tropical
conditions existing here take opt of
the problem the necessity of provid
ing for a winter season, with its addi
tional expense and discomfort and
lack of income. Then again the ac
tual returns in hard money would
prove an inducement for the settle
ment on the sugar lauds of a desira
ble class of tenants.
At from 83 to S3..r0 per ton of
cane, it is possible for a man to earn
S500 per annum on five acres of cane
laud. Using figures kindly furnished
fiom several plantations, I find that
on an average one man, by the pres
ent method, cultivates about one
acre and a half of cane land per an
num. With the additional incentive
which the leasehold yyf,tem hold out,
it is not too much to expect that one
man, with such aid as his family
might render, would be able to prop
erly cultivato live acres per annum.
It is not too much to expect, again,
that the land will yield six tons ol
sugar per acre for the crop requiring
eighteen months' growth, or four
tons of sugar per annum. It is esti
mated by planters that it requires
about eight and a half tons of cano
to make ouo ton of sugar. Four tons
of sugar per acre then means thirty
four tons of enne, wliioh at !J per
ton, which is 50 cents lp-s a tin than
is paid at Waiakea, and about the
same as is paid in the. West Indies
and in New South Wales, would
amount lo 8102, which is quite a
reasonable compensation for the cu
tivation of one acre of land which
tho laborer is, all tho lime establish,
ing a claim to by his industry and
productiveness. At that rale five
acres would yield 8510. Tens of
thousands of farmers in Ameiica
never get such a cash income from
live acres of laud. Resides, cane
growing would not interfere with the
raising pf vegetables and the keep,
ing of pigs fini ppllltry und a cow,
wjiich would very maUirJiilly reduce
tho money -outlay for food 8upp)ps.
As compared with the inducements
of such ati opeuing, even a high
daily wage would prove ineffectual
to attract men away from what would
so evidently bo for their Interest to
undertake. It is very probable that
when onco fairly initiated, thcro will
be little dilllculty In securing the
right kind of tenants.
It h proper to note tho difllculties
ond objections to such a system as is
proposed. It Is in point, however, lo
say, beforo noting such objections
and dilllcultics, that if tho scheme is
practicable and economical, lesser
details will surely accommodate
themselves to the demands of the
situation, and all problems inherent
in so radical a readjustment will find
solution much more readily than con
servative minds will at Hist be will
ing to admit.
Is the scheme practicable? Since
the preparation of this paper was he
tuu, ample and definite testimony of
the successful operation of a some
what similar scheme has come to
hand. Dr. Kaliifman, a recent visi
tor to the sugar plantations in this
country, is the chemist of tho Colo
nial Sugar Refinery Co. of Sydney,
Now South Wales. He stated in a
conversation with the writer of this
paper that'the company with which
lie is connected owns and operates
three sugar mills whose total maxi
mum capacity is 145,000 long tons of
cane. The cane is bought by tho
ton, for which the company pays 12J
shillings or !5 per ton. This cane is
raised along the river-bottoms on
homesteads owned by white men, or
on laud leased by them, having an
acreage in cane of from three to
eighty acres. The coutiact is for
live years, and the price paid for
cano is based on the market price of
sugar at thp time the contract is
The rotation of crops is from cane
to corn. The farmers cultivate their
cano in their own way, which ap
pears to be a very lazy one, inas
much as they strip their cane hut
once, and then do it only because the
company make note of such neglect,
and it thus affects the price of the
cane. A cane inspector is employed
by the company, who offers sugges
tions to the farmers, ad isory to be
sure, and who also notes the condi
tion of the cane in the field, and
otherwise guards the interests of the
company. The cost of cutting is
borne by the company, while the
work of transporting the cane to
scows along the rivers is performed
by the planters. Some men, favor
ably located, cart the cane to the
mill for which they receive a bonus.
Some land is cultivated by the com
pany, but wholly by the labor of
white meu. This scheme of cane
growing has been in successful
operation along the Clarence River
for tw enty years.
In Queensland, a new" enterprise is
being started. Blocks of land of
from '20 to 50 acres are given to the
right class of settlers, character and
reliability being sought for in making
the grants. The company advance
money at a low rate of interest to
establish the settler and to get his
first crop in.
Surely the Leasehold System as
advocated in this paper cannot be
impracticable if a scheme so similar
is operated elsewhere with satisfac
Thereare difllculties to be met
with in adjusting the proposed sys
tem, but they are not insuperable.
The tlifllculty that comes first to
men's minds is the satisfactory opera
tion, under the new conditions, of
the irrigation system. It is hardly
within the province of the writer to
offer suggestions as to the solution
of the difllculties attendant on the
introduction of the new system, but
it certainly is not amiss to submit
that at least a way to the solution of
the irrigation problem may lie in the
retention by the mill owners of the
irrigation system with the distinct
anil avowed purpose of operating it,
under the diiection of the cane-inspector
or manager, to the advantage
of the growing crops, according to
his discretion. The planter and the
mill-owner are interested alike in the
largest production on each individual
section of land, and the pjanter can
have no real case against the man
ager, because of insufficient irriga
tion, that does not affect jus,t as
vitally the interests of the mill-on ners
whom the manager represents. This
eseential unity of interest is the
strong bond in the proposed scheme,
and furnishes the hopeful clement for
the solution of all tho problems likely
It may be objected that such a
radical change in operating the plan
tations would enlail great expense
and unlimited annoyance in initiating
the scheme. But this would not be
true if it were got at gradually. The
gradual adoption of such a scheme
would enable its promoters lo cope
more satisfactorily with the details
necessary tp its success. It would
enable the manager to make a wiser
selection of tenants.
The great diversity in the teniae
of land now used by plantations, it
may lie objected, would render such
a scheme as has been proposed, too
complex and unmanageable. Where
tho laud is owned by the plantation,
nothing could be simpler than the
plan proposed. Where the laud ia
Crown Land, as has already been
suggested, legislative action could
undoubtedly be relied on whereby
the government would be as generous
toward worthy tenants as the planta
tions could afford to bo. Where tho
land is leased from indivj.iuals, un
agreement to release tho land to
tenants under a similar agreement,
whenever such lease should requiro
renewal by the original lessee, would
amply secure tho interests of the
small fanner. The planter and mill
owner would aliko have a vital in
lerest in perpetuating the hold on the
land, and what the mill-owner would
be impelled to do for his own interest,
with reference to laud whoao lease
had expired, would bo just as truly
for the interest of cvety tenant on
But can the plantation owners af
ford to relinquish their ownership in
land of such apparent value'' They
certainly can if the proposed schem'o
is likely to prove permanently advan
tageous lo themselves If' by this
scheme, more pane can bo lais'ed per
acre, at n com less than present tann
ing expenses per ton, witli a very
huge shrinkage in the prcenl outlay
for supeiintendeni'e, and with a
thrifty and permanent community of
small farnmrs supplying the mills
steadily and satisfactorily with cane,
the relinquishment of ownership in
the land would be equivalent to lis
sale for a fair figure to the class to
whom the mill owners must mtniih
look foi profitable production in the
Limitations of space prevent aeon
sideration of co-opetative sclieir.es ui -dertaken
in other sugar-growing coun
Iries. There are several pha-cs of
this Leasehold System, viewed from
a sociological point of viow,tliat have
been rigidly excluded from this paper
in the interests of the main feature.
Conscious of the iusufilciency of this
presentation, and aware of the de
fects incident to the fact Hint the
writer, not being a sugar planter, is
therefore not personally conversant
with all the facts in the case, the
scheme outlined here is believed to
be worthy the thoughtful considera
tion of every planter. With the sin
cere hope that a way out rony be
found for remunerative production of
cane in these islands, I leave the
subject in your hands for discussion.
FROM HOTi.L DELLflHE.
Mr. C. W. Reed, proprietor of the
Hotel Dellone, Omaha, one of the
finest new and modern hotels in the
west, says of Chn,..burlain,s Cough
Remedy: "We 1 ve used it in our
family for years wrh the most satis
factory result, l-.. tially for our
children, for colds an I croup. It can
be depended upon ; besides it is
pleasant to take and ecms to be- free
from chloroform and ihe oily sub
stances put into many cough mix
tures." 50 cent and SI bottles for
sale by all dealers. Benson, Smith
it Co., agents.
Men Rule Bazaar
Ijiitf A. f... Smith's Store.
To the Public of the Hawaiian Ilunds
OUR STOCK OK
Domestic Paper Patterns
And all Sewing Machine iiceessoiies Is
now as complete as it is posMble to keep
them. Full and complete block of
Blank Books, School, 'Note and Exercise
Books, Pens, Slates, etc., etc.
T1IK CIIIIAPCST MNi: OK
GUITARS and MANDOLINES
Cioiiiiet bet?, Lawn Tennis,
llackuu & Halls, Hae Halls
Bats, Caps, (Jloves etc.
A U'oui) Auour Puicns! Experience
pioves that it cots 10 peicent tn keep
hooks, and at leusi ." pen cut for bud
debts, the lvsult is we wNh to nt our
selves i-traiht with the public.
tQT" Those who p.iy cash have no ii;,'ht
to he charged the abov-; lo peiccut, ami
we have delei milled to do business the
same way as Is done in S.in Krunel-eo
on a CASH BASIS qnly.
Our pi ice- will thus bx a-, low as pur
chasing for cash can niakv them, and we
feel that the public will not bo long hi
Hading out the (inference.
W. F. RLYInTOLDS.
M OPPOHTIIMTY !
At the request of a
number of our patrons,
we have concluded to
offer the services of our
artist, Mr. W. Y. Itow,
as a practical instructor
in Oil Painting- and Wa
ter Coloring-, free of
Mr. Itow has been in
our employ for the past
two years and we feel
confident that, by prac
tical demonstration, he
can teach his pupil just
what lie wauls to know
in the matter of handling
colors, etc., without the
tiresome course usually
adopted by instructors.
For further particulars
jw A Partly Furnished Houmi
h&'iSfiS - "I'l'us'to the How Jlue
i3tt& ball Oioumls. Hltiiulu at the
corner of Pilkol and i.imulilo 8iiein.
Ooiafortably arranged with hot and cold
w-ilur, and other modern Improvements;
will i em furnished orotheiwise.
Apply to C1UH. J. FISIIKL.
liiipurtor suul DoiliT in
Steel and Iran Ranges,
"SSSli?""v Pritt39'r ..V 'Mate"- j.r'M? vrL
Eousekeepiog Goods &. Kitchen Utensils,
AGA1E WARE IH LARGE YARIEi'Y.
WIHTJ3, GKAY AM) SiLVISK-FLATKU
LAMPS AND FIXTURES.
Crockery, Rubber Hose, Lift and Force Pumps,
Water Closets, Writer and Soil Pipes.
Plumbing, Tin, Copper ar.d Sheet iron Work.
:i o. box jso.:
AVewt Cor, Aiiisiimi .v, Khiu StroMs
B& All kinds of iNEW ami SECOND-HAND FUKNITUKE bohl cheap
for cash at the 1 X L. '
g"ThoI X I, pays the HIGHEST CASH I'ltKJE for all kinds ol
taeoml-hnml Furnititie, Stove.-., .Sewing Machines, Etc., lOle.
(VST IF YOU WANT TO SELL out your Household Fumituie in its
ninety, cull at the 1 X L Auction & Uonimihsion House, eoi nor Nuuanu
mil King sticels.
Prompt Keturns M:il on Goods Sold on Commission
S. W. LEDERER,
tkB" St.-r Ojsen J1ur:jy !
fwnffiTfTnvirf.ivdTi r tfiynyirr.Hirtmr.-i
Telephone No. US)
I ?. a K . bo a Krt,. m m
i.nsBSt itMraM iBnnnlnKmp
King Street, bet. Tort & Ahikea treets,
IMPORTER & DEALER IN
Groceries, Provisions, Flour & Feed.
Fresh California Roll Butter & Island Buttor
ALWAYS ON HANI). ,
New Goods received by vtry stennr.js from San Fraucis o.
fi3 All oidcrf, fnithlully attended to and satUf.ieliou guaiuntooil. Island
uiders solicited and nac.kcd with cine.
rulephonos, No. 176.-
im m ptpts rtto
-ss H vm - -nv a u stei. saa
o'ali'oruia Wheat, Oat Hay, in large and coinprcf-t-cd bales; Barley, Rolled
It Giound Barley, California & New Zetland O.iU, Middlings, Bran, Coin,
Clacked Corn, Wheat, Etc., Etc., Etc., Etc. Ah-o,
Drift d fenow and Victor Flour I
if Ifl . M-
Ve keep constantly in clock the celebtatcd Feitilizers manufactured by Mr.
X. Haas of S.in Fiunoisco, viz.: Bono Meal, Wool Dust and High Giado
Super l'hobphate.s, all of which can be had nt bediook prices.
tCST Til -.ml ordon- nrlioiil -wd s-jtisfao.tion guaranteed. jgS
LEWIS & GO,
HONOLULU, H. I.,
iers, Wholesale k Retail
By each clo.iiueror tho O. S. S. Co. from California fresh California Roll
Uutter, Fiozcu Oyt-tors and Fiehli O.iliforni.i Fruita, Fihh, (Same, Vegetables,
eic.,ctc. A coinplote lino of Crosse & Bhu-kwcll'ij & J. T. Morton' Canned
& IiniileJ Guodri ulwavt, on baud. Alrio, jtibt leceivcd a fre-h lino of Gcnnan
Pales and I'ottt-d Meats and Bottled 1'iet-erved Fruits, Lcv.iti & Co.'t- Maltefio
Brand riuyar Cured Hum and Bacon, New Bieakiaat Cereal, Cream Oat
Flakes and Cream Wheal Flaked, Sicily Lemons and California Riverside
Oranges, Oregon Bui lunik Potatoes, Etc., Eic. E.c. Siitisfac'i'.in jruaranteed.
i O. Box Ml).-
AclftTYRE &. BR
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Groceries, Provisions and Feed,
EAST CORNER FORT AND KING STREETS.
Now (Joodt received by every packet from Eastern Slates and Europe,
Fresh California Piodiice by every steamer. All oidois faithfully attended
to and Goods delivered to any part of the city free of charge. Inland orders
jolioitfit, HulUfni'limi irimriiiii. ml -
c. j. McCarthy,
Ni:w Cummins' Block, Mkhchant Sj-ukkt.
REAL ESTATE BROKER,
hoi.ioiroii roil tui:
Eq citable Life Assurance Society
FIRE INSURANCE 1LCED. COLLECTIONS ATTENDED TO.
Rents Collided and Houtes Rented.
BJ8T Any business entrusted to me
STYLES OF ARCHITECTURES i
Kastlal.e, Queeii Anne, Renaissance, Gothic, Indian, Oluwlo, Norman,
IN STOWE, BRICK, IROPi OR WOOD.
Bsl Modern Design In llcsiUtnces! Chcaji nnlv'ic Coltagoi a Specially!
Complete plana and speoilieatIun.j given; aUo superintendence of construction.
OIFlCE-ChilUu EKck. cor. Kiuu d Fort, Entrance on Fort St.
StoYes ana Mm,
:MTJTUAI, TEL. !)0.i
vennnrs til! 9 o'clock -a
P. 8 6Kb
? EsBDaUvU v
eS'SeT P. (). Box M79.
sua aoy ia
Iinf"ftl t ' liiM.Twrg. rtf..friniii.-fM .-r nwrfin - -. m
Uor. Edinburgh &. Queen Sts.
gogs xa& "Sj p
1LIZ li: H W :
-V. O. Box 2J7.
111 IPoit Strt-et.
Dealers in Groceries & Provisions,
-Telephone No. 92,
will icceivo piompt attention. fitCB
M - ill
A KC'lt ITF.CTM t
TmiMrniii ' TiM ri .:&., .,
mtfj fe . ,&Sfci 4M4fafa4-.,
jl jh. nfrijiginhi , mtmlU n,