Newspaper Page Text
" - - ii 111 ii ii I I m m li .. mi l ll li i. Ill wii l.i ii mill mi nminnriii , , i ,
, . '. . 4
nqi se as fl " A
i no s-niiiYamo 8 ito itc
a sau i&,gfiaaBjau &.aau ru
Society of the United State.
Liabilities, 4 percent
, - i - - .-.i-in in i
Mew Basin c.v.v IKyVf m AW
.dssiiranco in V'brc-
Thu :J2(1 Annual StiikMitfnt will bo issued liurcal'Ur; in
tin; interval tbc forog-oiiig- liguivs will .show approxinmtuly
the chid' items ol' the account.
ALEX. J. CARTWRICHT,
CJcncral A"unt 1'or JIawaiian Islands.
it in n 1 S3
niaers' 66 beneiai
PAINTS, OILS, VARNISHES & KAMI GOODS,
AGATE WAKK, TIN WARE. NKVblt HREAK WAKK,
Cutlery k General Mentally,
Blake's Steam Pumps,
WILCOX & GIBB'S, AND RLMING1CN
- i- s
COK.NH)t FUT A
Bill fH O I IjIDU Vr PA
Aflcsr ttikliiif S-lotl. we cftoi supeiioi values foi le-. than funner pikes In cveiy
L1IEMLLK 1 OimKliES, l'P.UM !-.li."n LTVV HI).
JLndiow' Ac C IiillreiV. (. ojs-.it m- r
AT AJ L bTYLES AND PRICES.
GEMS' SHIMS, URDERYIEAR, COLLARS Al D CUF S.
OL'K- AM) M'AKF.S AT COST.
EST I'li'SMiiukliiK iinili r the management of MltaS K. ( LAKKK.
OCCIDENTAL HOTEL Gift Goods
This Hotel Imp lecently added a huge
Single Rooms Baths Attached
which will r. li:t
Willi or WItliout, JJourU.
WM. B. HOOPER,
FOIt SALE !
J II A VK on IiiumI ut "Lit -tli
JMJ)S&& 15 llcnil Cnllfoiiiiii .Mules
wq Ii oiii ;s hi fi yi'iiro oiu, nmn.v
3U ut ulilrh will Ul'llill fllilll
IdflU to 1100 His. untlii 1 Tlioiuiijjlibnicl
llolbtulll Illlll '1 'IH-' ' "l 01 lll'N
Mmuli; 1 Half .leiM-y liull :i yi'iua old
next Jliiy; 5 or (1 linpoiti'il Uowx, all
jifiilU', youiiu and liim- laid cal e i iililu
pio-t two moiulih. Alho, for want of uw
and nil iib jjood as new, 1 3 i-ati'il Cov
(iifiK'arrlagf, with poln and sluift and
Dniiblu Maini'M-; 1 Liubt -J-lioii' Liiiii
biT Wuroii, KiM'b iiiuku and "iiarnntci'd
to uariy 4000 lbs-. ; iiImi cuiiiik-tu .Set
DOUllIU IllUIII!M fOI nUIIll!. All of llllliM'
Dioiierti tan liu bought cbrap.
1 ' ' I?. X. WJdGIIT,
lino lm 1. o. Ilax ma, Honolulu.
ivk -' i
SI KINO STJtKKT,
G. J. WdlKP, - - ManagiT.
Whol?aJo & Retail Buttliets
ii I f 0.000,000.00
- mn ti TiiriTTtim ' '
;, '5 g?A, A. 000-00
1 SEE -
mi raetnriiur Jcwclcr'sL
ALL KINDS OK
JBWBLBY MADB to ORDER
L.uw and Flat' SincK In Hand.
ANYTHING Y(r OKDKK.
King Street, between Nuuann
Island Shells and Curios !
f UOLKSALM and iclall, chenp for
imMi, at 101 Foit htiei-t, bulwt'ea
KIiIima' ill v K"1' t"u ii"'' I'V-nik
Otil t.'rt bllOO hlOIU.
:i:i if T,TANNATr.
Firewood For Sale !
, IC haw Juki Mveivi-d a fiinall lot of
Alp'ioba Fiiuwiioil wlilcli we
.iffcr for ul in lots to unit von cash,
USBlin JIUbTAUK tV CO,
At the request of a
uuinher ol". our patrons,
we have concluded to
offer the services of our
artist, iSIr. AV. Y. How,
as a practical instructor
in Oil Tainting and Wa
Mr. How has been in
our employ for the past
two years and we feel
confident that, by prac
tical demonstration, he
can teach his pupil just
what he wants to know
in the matter of handling
colors, etc., without the
tiresome course usually
adopted by instructors.
For further particulars
PROP. DR.BBI1 B. JABGBR S
Sa nil a rv U ntlr rcl olliiiur
I liiTi'witli appoint Mu. M. GOLD
BKRG, Acnt for Hie sali" of my
Gunuinr Sanitary Underelolbin in
thu Hawaiian Inlands. Heware of
1'ROF. I)K. G. JAKGKK.
Slultgnrl, I ho lDtli of Si'pK'inlier, '90.
A FULL AS ORTISENT JUST ARRIVED.
Notice to tlie Public !
Tlie llawniiiiii Sonp Works
I -till in cxi-ti'iicu at the old Maud,
Li-leu, ami lia- been mi rw the year
KS.'i.-). I am iii'pan d to Jinl up soap at
lliu follouin )i U'i; :
$4.60 per Case of 100 IK; $4.00
pnr 100 lbs. In Bulk.
fiO Coins null allowed for umlit coa
talnt'U it'tiuiud in ood order.
JWaJT Weight for welkin no nval ran
urin can Mipply ac ood an aillclc for
tlie miiiiu pi lee-,.
in tin Hawaiian
THOMAS W. RAWLINS,
AT a ini'i'tlii;; of the Mibeilbfrs to
the s-Im'k of Hie Hawaiian l'oil,
l'.ii'khiK Mi, (Liliiitul), held on the
lOtb day or Mairli. IS'.l'J, it w.ih voiul to
at'eept its Chai tcr of Iiicorpoiatlon anil
the following nlllr i wnv elected to
bi'i ve for the ciiMihi,' jar:
K. C. Winston I'liidcnt,
W. Mei'midliibs Vlt'i'-I'ivhldual,
J. ICua Secii'taiy it TicaMiier,
F. F. l'oiter Auilltor.
no.uti) or niiihcrous:
E. C. Winston. W. McCandlete. K. F.
l'oiter, .). IJuiUe, W. iJ. Oodfit-y and J.
Kua. all of Honolulu.
"No .stoeKboltler hliall iudivlilually be
liable for the debts of the Company, be
yond what may be due upon tlieMiaiu
or bliaies Im-iii'iI io him."
Honolulu, Maieh u, 1802. 70'.w
EJECTION of OFFIOEUS.
AT the annual inofll n of tlie Ha
waiian Agiienltui'iil i.'oiup.iiiy held
tills day, lliu folltiuliig peinons weie
elected olllccih fur ihe euiient year:
Hon. (J. It. liii-lioi I'leMdent, -
.Saiii'l V. illen Viee-l'icsldent,
Oeo II. Itobt'ilfeoa Tieasutel,
I. O. Cimei bPi'ietaiy,
Tom May Auditor.
S. C. Allen, Ch.is, M.Cooko and W. O.
Seeiv. Haw. Ag. o.
Ilonnliilu. .inn. L'l, w.u. ;!W:iin
dL i roii'ruioc. I'll j.iiiimu,'
L'CHiWjH.. ,. T .III,.
mi it i prvM'iiijy oeenpieii
bv Mr. .1. A. Kennedy, eoii-
taluiug iloubli' p u tins, four bedioouis,
dluin-iooiu, baihiooui, largu dining
room, kltclien .Mid pantry; mm viuu'h
room, BtuliUijt ' te on tear of iiiaiu
building, (iininid. ;UKlxl0") feet, well
laid out. Vacant on licit August Lot
a'JjolnlugltOOxlOS feet may bepnivhasid
on lensoiiuble term.
It. I. LILLIK,
ll!8 tf Willi Tlieo, II. Uavies A ('o.
TJiu best tiling to hoikI to
your friends abroad is King;
IJros.' IIIiimI rated Houvenir
ofllawuii. which is Kotteii
up lor tlio jMirposo and is
not un advortlHoinont.
tR w i
Alcohol is not a natural product,
but is the ii'sttll of decomposition
through fermentation of thr saccha
rine principle contained in any sub
stance, vegetable or other, in which
thcieiH sugar. This decomposition
yields the spiiit in a dilute state,
but it is readily separated from the
water with wljicli it is mixed, by pio
ecscs of distillation. The amount
of alcohol which may be obtained
limn the diffeient uii'feriiienled sub
stances which yield it vaiies con
siderably, depending entirely upon
lite quantity of sugar which they
"Alcohol is termed "absolute' when
it lias been deprived of every trace
of water, and when its composition
is exactly expi essed by its chemical
formula. To obtain it in this state
it must be subjected to u scries of
delicate operations in the laboratory,
which it would be impossible to per
form on an industrial scale. In
commerce, it is known only in a state
of greater or less dilution, tlie
stiongest spirit being known as spirit
of wine, and containing about 90
percent of alcohol.
Alcohol has become a substance
ol such prime necessity, in the
arts and manufactuies, that its
manufactmc must, of necessity, rank
among the most impoitant industries
of the world. This fact alone gives
to alcohol a value that cannot be as
sailed from an' sentimental stand
point. Hut. in reviewing its commer
cial value we cannot ignoic the fact
that, in one iorm or other, alcohol
enters so iatgoly into the composition
of the common beverages consumed
by all classes of people all over the
world. This consumption is largely
on the increase, arid further enhances
the commercial value of alcohol, and
augments the requirement for its
production which cannot be sup
pressed. Our Hawaiian statutes contain
eiiaci moots prohibiting tlie distilla
tion of spiiits. Thcne were devised
and have been maintained through a
mistaken zeal of our early "fathers,"
their sons and disciples. A promi
nent tepresentative of this class here
once said, "I would sooner burn a
hole in my pocket than allow spirits
to be distilled on our plantations."
This sentiment was conceived in the
same spirit of blind prejudice and
intolerance that used to bum so-called
witches at the slake in Connecti
cut. Hut the time lias come when the
senseless sentiments of an effete re
gime must not he allowed to prevail,
and our statutes must be revised in
order to peimil, our producers to
take advantage of every source of
Considerable value is going to
waste annually on our plantations by
allowing the molasses to run away
into the sea, instead of securing the
alcohol out of it. And millions of
money could be profitably made out
of the distillation of our tropical pro
ducts into alcohol. A great source
of legitimate wealth is piohibitcd
and is being neglected. The spirit
of progicss. commercial necessity
and enterprise, and competition in
production requires that every re
source lor creating wealth should be
utilized, and not be hampeicd by
sentimental laws. Our sugar plant
ers could add considerable to their
revenues by saving the alcohol they
now throw away. Our fruit growers
could turn their produce into an ar
ticle of staple value, when foreign
maikets become unfavorable, and our
fertile soil can produce other crops
rich in sugar and starch that, if un
profitable for foreign shipment, could
be piolitably distilled into alcohol, as
is done in other countries. The gieat
maikets of the United Sttites, Cana
da and Australia are right al our
dooi, and we could still continue to
sympathize with temperance reform
ers, while assisting to supply the im
portant and almost unlimited demand
of the arts and sciences for raw al
cohol, and thus add largely to our
own wealth. Surely this is not a
case where science should come in
conflict with religion.
The uses of alcohol in the arts are
numerous. Hut for most purposes
methylated spirit is employed instead
of pure alcohol in the United States.
This substance is a mixture of DO
percent of spirit of wine, and 10 per
cent of purified "wood spirit." Such
a mixture is unfit for human con
sumption, and the wood spiiit cannot
again be separated from the spirit of
wine by any commercial process. In
the United Stutcs the heavy excise
duty on alcohol, and the strict super
vision attending its manufacture, in
order to limit and control its human
consumption, have heretofore im
peded many branches of manufactur
ing industry and scicntilic investiga
tions. Hut the government now
grants permission for the mauufac
luic of methylated spiiit, which is
sold by licensed dealers free of duly.
"The following are some of the
most impoitant sources of alcohol
which have been employed in Kurope :
Grapes, rice, beet-root, potatoes,
carrots, turnips, molasses and grain.
On the Continent, many fruits are
used tor the production of alcohol
besides the grape, such as apricots,
cherries, peaches, currants, goose
berries, laspberries, strawberries,
etc. j llgs, too, are used extensively
in the Kast. In America, nearly the
whole of thu spirit of commerce is
obtained from potatoes, Indian corn
and other grains, in India, Japan
and China, rice and sorghum are the
chief sources. Among a variety of
other substances which have been
and are still used for llje production
of alcohol in smaller quantities, are
roots of many kinds, such us those of
asphodel, madder, etc, Seeds and
nuts have been mndc to yield it ; and
even woody fibre, old linen, cotton
and hemp have been successfully
convettcd into cellulose and glucose,
and thence into alcohol. It will thus
be seen that the sources of this sub
stance are practically innumerable ;
anything, in fact, which contains or
can be converted into sugar is what
is called 'alcohol.' "
The matorials which arc thus used
in the preparation of alcohol arc ar
ranged into three groups. In the
lirst are classed the grape and other
sweet fruits which contain ferment
able sugar, or glucose. The juice of
such fiuit enters into fermentation
spontaneously on exposure to air,
tinder the action of a lermenl con
tained in the nitrogeucous constitu
ents of the juice, the sugar being
thus converted into alcohol.
The second group includes sub
stances which contain common or
cane sugar. To biing this into a
3tate of fermentation, yeast must be
added to a dilute solution.
To the thiid group belongs the
various kinds of grains, potatoes and
other substances containing starch.
This substance is insoluble in cold
water, but forms a gelatinous mass
when boiled with water, and can then
be couvortc'.l into fermentable sugar
by the addition of malt.
In Madeira and the Azores the re
cent ravages of the blight had so
ruined tlie orange groves and vine
yards that serious financial distress
was threatened, and the people found
themselves obliged to try some other
crop. About three years ago a num
ber of the orchards and vineyards
were destroyed and tlie lands planted
with sweet potatoes for the purpose
of distillation of alcohol. The Por
tturuese Government assisted in this
operation, assuming a monopoly of
the manufacture of alcohol, and le
vying an export duty thereon. The
enterprise has been attended with the
greatest success, and the government
has more th-in recuperated tho finan
cial deficits caused by the failure of
the orange and wine crops. In 1890
two distilleries in San Miguel alone
used 150,000,000 pounds of sweet
potatoes. The three other distilleries
in tlie Azores used 9Q, 000, 000 pounds
of sweet potatoes for producing al
cohol, which realized S-H$0,000. Tlie
operations for 1891 in both Madeira
and the Azores have been about tre
ble the ligures or 189U, ami the in
dustry is found so profitable to both
the producer and the government that
it is being rapidly extended and is
bringing considerable wealth to those
(7'o be Uontiniicd.)
"I have just recovered from a sec
ond attack of the grip this year,"
says Mr. Jas. O. Jones, publisher of
the Leader, Mexia, Texas. "In the
latter case I used Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy, abd I think with
considerable success, only being in
bed a little over two days, against
ten days for the first attack. Tlie
second attack I am satisfied would
have been equally as bad as the first
but for the use of this remedy, as I
had to go to bed in about six hours
after being 'striick' with it, while in
the first case I was able to attend to
business about two days before get
ting 'down.' " oO cent notties for
sale by all dcaleih. Benson, Smith
& Co., Agents.
TO !!E GIVKX BY THK
Honolulu Arion Society
On Saturday Evening,
MARCH JO. 1 8S.
tTKAINS will leave the Oahu
Hallway Depot at 7 and 8 o'clock r. ji.j
letiirulng will leave Hie Grove at 10 and
la i m.
t TICKETS to he had at J. Hu
lmsh'h More, the Elite and Ludwlgsen
it Cron's lee Cieam Parlors.
A NEW STORE
HAVING sold out mv half Interest in
the huMncss of j'l. II. Williams &
Co,, I will (after a shoit visit to the
States) open a New Stoin with a selected
stock of the latest styles of Fiirultiiiu
and UphoUlery. Also, a full Hue of
UiideilaUor's Hnpplles, and will bo pie
pared to do Ktubalmlng In a thoioimh
and fatlf.ictoiy manner.
Mi lw H. H. WILLIAMS.
Al KI5T1 .SG NOTIOlfl.
rrilE annual inei ting of the stock
1 holdeis of the luter-lhlanil Steam
Navigation Co,, (LM), will be held at
the olllee of the Company on MONDAY,
March -JHIh, at 10 o'clock A. M.
.IAS. L. MoLKAN,
SUITE of Fiunlhheil
Itouius to let. Kniiulro
Mies. A. M. MKLLIS,
10!'.. Fount,, upstair.
I F you want a First-class Job of Palut
X lug of any descilptlon done, call on
the Practical Painter, J. L. Mbv only.
Fort soet lilt), P. O, Box UH7. Mutual
Telephone OOJ. ICC tf
liunortnr and Dealer in
m nnn rnn KaiKrp.s smvfls ann hit mras
Housekeeping Goods & Xitclien Utensils,
AGATE WARE IN LARGE VARIETY.
WHITE, GRAY AND SJlVJSR-l'JLiATIiD
& a Wt
Crockery, Rubber Hose, Lifund Force Pumps,
Water Closets, Wntw cm Soil Pipes.
Plumbing, Tin, Copper s.ri Shoe! Iron Work.
AVewL Cor. JNuiuiiiu Si liu Mreofs.
gST All kinds of NEW and SECOND-HAND FUllNlTUHE sold cheap
for cash al the I X L.
T'rhoI X L payh the HHUIEaT CASH Pit ICE for all kinds ol
Second-band Furniture, Sloven, Sewing Machine-., Etc., Etc.
EST IF YOU WAN!' TO SELL out your Household Furniture in its
entirety, call at the 1 X L Auction & Ooniniihsion House, corner Nuuanu
and King btrccls.
Prompt Returns Made on Goods Wold on Commission
S. W. LEDERER,
K5 Stow Open Saturday
Telephones, No. 1 19.-
bllityL filSdldblj, LliiiullilE E1E0GK,
King Slrcot, bet. Fort & Aiakea rti'eots,
IMPORTER & DEALER IN
Groceries, Provisions, Flour & Feed.
Freb. California lloll Butter & Island Butter
Al.lVAV.S ON 11 .M).
New Goods received by cveiy steanMs from Sia Francisco.
JST All oulois faitblully attended to and t-atisfaction guaiautccd. Island
orders solicited and Hacked with eiiic.
Telephones, No. 175. SfSfi?"-
s? sr ar
California Wheat, Out Hay, in large and eonipnscd bales; Barley, Rolled
i. Gioiiud H.irley, California k Icw calami Oats, Middlings, Bran, Corn,
Ciacked Corn, Wheat, Etc., lite, Etc., Etc. Alo,
Drift. d Siflow and Victor Ffour !
: IT J i-S rf i i- IK li-J JL& :
.Ve keep constantly in ttock tho etlebiated Eoitilizoir, nianufactuied by Mr.
A. Haas of San Eiancitco, viz.: Hone M.il, Wool Dusliud High Uiade
Super Phosphates, all of which can be bad at bediock pi ices.
Inland order- Bnioitd
LEWIS & CO,, 111 Fort Street,
HONOLULU, H. I.,
Importers, Wholesale k Mail Dealers in Groceries & Provisions,
By each steamer of the O. S. S. Co. from California fresh Calafornia Roll
Butter, Eioion Oysters and Eicsh California Kiuits, Kish, Gallic, Vegetables,
etc., etc. A complete line of Oiosso &. Blackwell'h & . I. T. Morton's Canned
& Bnlllod Goods always on band. A1m, just received u fiesh lino of German
Pates and Polled Meats and Bottled Preset ved fruits, Lewis & Co.'b Maltese
Brand Sugar Cured Hams and Bacon, New P.reakfasl Cereals, Cieaui Oat
Flakes and Cream Wheal Flakes, Sicily Lenioiih and California Riverside
Oranges, Oregon Burhauk Potatoes, Utc, Etc.Eic. .Satisfaction guaranteed.
P. O. Box M5..
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Groceries, Provisions and Feed,
EAST CORNER FORT AND KING STREETS.
New Goods received by every packet fiom Eastern Slates and Europe,
Ficsli Califoi ilia Produce by evoiy stcainor. All outers faithfully attended
to and Goods delivoied to any pail of tho city fieo of charge.' Island orders
solicited. Satisfaction mianiiiteed. 1-91
c. j. McCarthy,
Ni;w Cummins' Block, MmiciiANT SritKi'.r.
FIltK INSUItANCE PLACED.
JB Any htuiucss outiurlcd to mo
STYLES OF ARCHITECTURES:
ICastlalie, Queen Anne, IteiiaKsanee, Guthle, Italian, Classic, Norman,
IN STONE, ERJCK, 5RON OR-WOOD.
Beit Modern Designs in Residence! Cheap Aillslic Callages a Specially!
Cmnplele plans and xpecitlcatlous given; also siipuilutendeiice of construction.
Sir OFFICE-Chllton Block, cor, Kiuir & Fort. Entrance on Fort Bt
.in i u r.
t lintut I 114 rr
IGLOOS ; -
x .in i a Li rii;i; mi
JKwnhiuH till O o'clock. -i
r. o. Hox :i72.
-(..'or. Edinburgh & Queen Sts.
and MiliafHRtion liiuiriniteed. Jg
-P. O. Box 297.
-Telephone No. 92.
ffie ffi? 2-
ion Tin: '
COLLKCIIONS ATTENDED TO.
mid Hum-en licntcd.
will icccic piunipt attention, Jgft
- t i.'.u
UlUIWW uuu iuuu1UM)