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Lf. BY AUTHORITY.
NOTICE TO MARINERS,
During the process of deepening the
channel at the entrance to Honolulu
harbor the Dredger will be in opera
tion night and day. At night there
will Ve a. danger signal placed on the
forward donick of Dredger about 30
feet above sea levol, which can be teen
by all vessels approaching the harbor.
The signal consists Ked Red
of three red lights
and a white light
as in the diagram, White
the red lights being
about !1 feul apart
with thowhito light
mi tho center. Hed
All steamers crossing thu bar will
stop at a safe distance from the Dred
ger and give ono blast of their whistle
which will be answered by a ningle
blast from the Dredger, to be fol
lowed by three blasts from the Diedg
er when the parage is clear and they
The Tug will be on hand when not
otherwise engaged to assist sailing craft
in passing the Diedger when neces
sarv. C. N. SPENCER,
Minister of the Interior.
Interior Ollieo, Maich 9, 18!)2.
Sale of Lease of the Government Land
of Kaauwaelot, at Palolo, Oahu.
On WEDNESDAY, May 18,1892,
at 12 o'clock noon, at the fionl en
hance of Aliiolnni Hale will be suld
at Public Auction the Lease of the
Government Land at Kaiiuwiiclnu, at
Palolo. Oabu, containing an area of
18 HI-loO acres, of which 7 21-100
anes is Rice Land,
Term Lciim for If) years.
Upset price $100 pei annum, pny
.iblf seiiii-aiinually in advance.
C. N. SPENCER,
Minislei of the Interior.
Interior Ollice, Mar. 31, 1892.
Will be received at the Interior Office
until 'I HUItSDVY, April 7, 1892, at
12 o'clock noon, fur Printing the De
pal tinent Report for the biennial
fiscal period ending March 31, 1892.
Samples for the style of printing
and all lequired information can be
bad upon application to the Interior
The Minister of the Interior does
not bind himself to accept the lowest
or any bid.
U. N. SPENCEK,
Minister of the Interior.
Interior Ofli-e, Maich 30, 1892.
Honolulu, H. I., Dec. 2, 1891.
Ifoldeis of water privileges, or those
paying water rates, are hereby noti
fied that the hours for using water for
ii ligation purposes are from 6 to 8
o'clock a. si., and 4. to 0 o'clock p. m.
until further notice.
JOHN C. WHITE,
Supt. Honolulu ater Works.
C. N. Spuncek,
Mipitor of the Interior.
c j jk:
PUd-aed to neither Sect nor Party,
Gut established tor the benefit of all.
TUESDAY, APRIL 5, 1892.
LABOR IN QUEENSLAND.
A suggestive article appears in
this issue from the Australasian,
which shows a parallel case in Aus
tralia to the plantation labor situa
tion in this country. Under stress
of labor union agitation tho importa
tion of South Sea Island cheap labor
wus stopped. It was fondly hoped
that white labor would be available
for plantation work, but this expecta
tion has been completely shattered.
The apportionment of the sugar area
amongst small farmers has, however,
to judge by the article in question,
been adopted to a considerable ex
tent. These small farmers are in the
same box as lamer owners of sugar
estates the' cannot get labor to
till even their small holdings. The
apparent inference is that If they
could get the necessary hired bone
and sinew they would make a success
of the small holding system, thus
delivering the country from the dan
ger of being occupied chiefly by the
two extremes of barons and serfs.
There is a good deal suggested,
moreover, in the intimation of a hope
that within a few years the conditions
of sugar production may be so ulinnged
for the better to make the aboil-
tlon of contract labor fensible. This
is just what many bore, justifying
their anticipations on progress achlev
ecl, hope may be tho happy consum
mation in Hawaii. In the meantime
it is useless to balk at a situation thai
has been the growth of all the years
of the industry. The acknowledged
evils of the contract labor system
may be minimized, but cannot be
suddenly revolutionized out of exis
tence. It may bo said that the whole
fabric of national finance and of pri
vate enterprise must still depend for
some lime on the sugar industry.
Until that Industry finds a way out
of the contract labor system, there
fore, it must continuo to bo provided,
in some manner, with a supply of
such labor as will enable It to com
pete with other sugar countries, to
whose level tbis country has been
brought by the adoption of free sugar
in the United States.
"THE QUARANTINE FARCE."
The P. C. A. of this morning
comes out with a sensational article
headed a "Quarantine Farce," and
charges that Port Surveyor Crabbe
is the victim of spite work or a
Board of Health rule made only for
his benefit, and makes other insinua
tions that reflect on the integrity of
the Board. I as a member of tho
Board feel that some explanation
should be made to the public, and
perhaps more particularly to those
olllcials now being held in quarantine
by order of the Board. On the even
ing of Sunday, April 3, the S. S.
Batavia arrived off the port of Ho
nolulu from China and Japan, bound
here and Portland, she having been
thirteen days from Yokohama. The
Port Physician, Dr. G. Trous
seau, boarded the steamship with
Agent Reynolds of the Board and
made an examination. The doctor
made out a certificate concerning the
vessel, in which he states that the
vessel has a clean bill of health
from the consul, and the Japanese
passengers should be landed and
kept in quarantine five days and the
vessel allowed her full pratique,
and handed the certificate to the
Agent of the Board (Reynolds).
Mr. Reynolds, contrary to ection
20 of the Quarantine Regulations
adopted by the Board of Health,
March 18, 1891, which says:
"Vessels arriving from an Asiatic
port, or from any port, reported to
be infected with cholera, yellow re
ver, or small-pox, shall not enter any
port of this Kingdom, though such
vessels may show a clean bill of
health, until special permission ia
granted by the Board of Health for
entry into the port of Honolulu, or
by a duly accredited agent of the
Board for entry at any other port in
the Hawaiian Islands. Such vessels
shall be anchored on quarantine
ground at Buch places as may be
chosen by the Pilot under direction of
thePort Physician, and remain in such
anchorage until changed or admitted
into port by the Board of Health,"
allows the Port Surveyor and his
deputies to board the steamer before
he communicates with the President
of the Board, and he himself leaves
the vessel in charge of a sub-agent
that he appoints, and returns- to his
home until the morning of April 4,
when the President of the Board
calls a meeting of its members at
about 9 o'clock to consider the situa
tion. The meeting was held in the
otllce of C. Brewer & Co. and was
open to any one that had any busi
ness there. It was then learned by
myself and my colleagues that the
steamship Batavia .had arrived and
wbb anchored in our port. The
question was asked of the President
who allowed the steamer to come
into port and the President re
plied that it roust have been the
doctor or the agent (Reynolds). It
was resolved at once by the Board
that the action of either the doctor or
the agent was wrong, and .that we
must insist on quarantine immedi
ately, the vessel to stay in quaran
tine 5 days or to land her cargo in
lighters, all persons going on board
to be placed in quarantine, the pas
sengers to be landed and also placed
in quarantine 5 days. During the
meeting information was received by
the Board that the Port .Surveyor
and his deputies bad gone aboard
the steamer again. We immediately
despatched Agent Reynolds to go on
board the steamer, place her in quar
antine and to bold every custom offi
cial or anyone else that was on board
of her, or had boarded her, in quar
antine. The Board acted promptly
whon it received the information tke
Butavia had arrived from an' Asiatic
port, and as soon as the doctor's
certificate was received, the meeting
then proceeded with the prelimi
naries of having the ship and her
agents file bonds to meet the ex
penses incurred and tken adjourned.
At i p. in. of the same day (yester
day), the President again called a
meeting to consider the communica
tions he had received in regard to
placing the steamer in quarantine and
detaining the Custom House officials.
The meeting was held promptly at
5 p. in. at the ofllce of the Board,
all the members but oue being pre
sent. The communications were read
and the Board feeling that it being
charged with the responsibility of
caring for the health of the people
decided again that the quarantine
must be enforced on every one who
hud been on board the steamer
(though there had been r-n infraction
of the rules by an agent), for protec
tion. At the meeting it was learned
that Capt. Fuller and Capt., Babcock
bad also been on board. Tho Pre
sident was instructed to immediatily
notify them to report forthwith at
the quarantine station and to go loto
quarantlno for five days and perhaps
longer, and the President was furth
er instructed to placo in quarantine
any other persons whom he might
learn had been on board of the
steamer. This meeting was held
openly and should any one have
wanted to attend the same, surely
there would have been no objections
on our part. I trust your readers
will on the above showing arrive at
the conclusion that though a mistake
had been made by the Board's em
ployees, the Doard thus acted only
in good faitli towards this community
and those in quarantine, even though
it may be said we weic somewhat
late in enforcing the quarantine.
Better late than never.
John F. Coi.huun.
Honolulu, April 5, 1892.
FOR THE PUBLIC ENJOYMENT.
Allow me through the medium of
your journal to suggest a measure
by which, at a small expense, the
trip to the summit of Punchbowl
could be made much more attractive
than at present. What I propose is
the erection at the most favorable
point, say at or near the site of the
old battery, of a covered platform or
lanai with benches, where visitors
could sit at their case and rest while
sheltered from the tropical sun, and
at the same lime enjoy the magnifi
cent prospect of land and sea spread
out before them. The proposed
structure need not be of gieat size
or elaborate design. A plain, sub
stantial lanai, say 20x40 feet or
thereabouts, with two or three rows
of scats would be ample for all pre
sent purposes, and would be a great
accommodation to visitors, particu
larly pedestrians, who would pro-"
bably be much more numerous than
at present were there any good place
to rest on reaching the summit.
Honolulu, April 4, 1892.
SCOTTISH THISTLE CLUB.
At the meeting of the Scottish
Thistle Club last night, the net re
ceipts of the lantern exhibition were
reported as S290. This goes to the
library fund. A vote of thanks was
ordered to be transmitted to the
Queen for her generosity in buying
forty tickets. One u of the members
having questioned the propriety of
soliciting Her Majesty to buy tickets,
it wa9 declared that her action was
entirely voluntary and without solici
tation. The fact is the Queen ordered
the tickets on being asked by Gov
ernor Cleghorn if she was going to
the exhibition. She could not make
it convenient to attend, but desired
that ten tickets should be sent to the
Palace and thirty distributed to poor
Scottish folk. Governor Cleghorn
and Chamberlain Robeitson attended
Mrs. Hutchinson, Waikiki, was ac
corded a vote of thanks for the gift
of Burns' poems to the library. The
club will hold a social dance each
Thursday evening. After business
last night an hour or two was pleas
antly whiled away with violin music,
songs and recitations. There was a
better attendance than usual.
COME CHICAC0, WAKE OP.
There are more robberies commit
ted in the open streets of Chicago in
a single day than arc committed in
New York in a week. Twenty-two
cases of highway robbery were re
ported one day last week at a single
police station. The unreported may
have been larger. This is largely
due to tho extraordinary influx of
population, owing to the World's
Fair. The city is full of men, who
probably came here for work, and
have turned thieves and robbers
through desperation. The streets arc
full of loafers and vagabonds of every
description and every degree of ras
cality. No man's purse is safe and
no woman can go abroad at night un
protected. Men whose business takes
them out at night go armed. But
many of the most astonishing cases
that ever occurred in a civilized com
munity have been in broad daylight
upon open and frequented thorough
fares. The worst of it is the robberB
are rarely caught. The police force
of Chicago, from beinc one of the
best, is now oue of the poorest in the
world. The disgraceful facts are now
everywhere discussed,' but the people
arc utterly demoralized. AH sorts
of crime are literally rampant. For
a great city, inviting the attention
just now of the civilized world, Chi
cago is a conspicuous and shining
disgrace to all Americans. Minne
While J. Keakahlwa was standing
engaged in conversation with several
friends outside the St. Louis College
yard on the uiakui side, a stone came
flying over the fence and hit him ou
the right side of the right eye, caus
ing an ugly gash and a (low of blood.
The youiiR man seeing that the stone
came from the college yard reported
to one of the Brothers, who was un
able to locate the culprit. Keaka
hlwa went to Dr. McKibbin's and
bad his injuries attended to. This
is not the first time that complaint
has been made of this practice of the
students. Not long ago a report was
made of a knife having been thrown
over the fence which came uear
striking a person.
There is no danger fiom whooping
cough when Chamberlain's Cough
Remedy is freely given. It liquefies
the tough, tenacious mucus and aids
in its expectoration. It also lessens
the severity and frequency of tho
paroxysms of coughing, and Insures
a opeedy recovery. There is not the
least danger in giving it to children
or bablea, as it contains no injurious
substance. 50 cent bottles for sale
by all dealers. Ramon, Smith s
Potatoes caino from far Virginia ;
Parsley was sent us from Siudinia ;
French beans, low growing on the
To distant India tiace thiii birth;
But scailcl runners, gay and tall,
That climb upon your garden wall
A cheerful sight to all around
In South America wen- found.
The onion traveled here fuun .Spain;
Tho leek fiom Switmlniid we gain,
Gallic fiom Sicily obtain.
Spinach in far Syiia gu;
Two hundred yeais ago oi mine
Brazil the artichoke sent o'er.
And Southern Europe's se.i coast sboie
Beet, root on us bestows.
When 'Li.uboth mn reigning hero
Peas came from Holland and weie
Tho South of Europe lays its claim
To beans, but some fiom Egypt came.
The radishes, both thin and stout,
Natives of Uhina aie, ihmIoiioI;
But turnips, eai rots and sea kale,
With celery so crisp and pale,
Are products of oui own fair land;
And cabbages a goodly tribe
Which abler pons might well describe
Are also ours, 1 unilcisltnd.
HOOK AND LADDER SER.1CE.
There is generally a misconcep
tion as to what is meant by n hook
and ladder company. Tho use of
the ladder is at once understood,
and the necessity of it ; the hook is
an implement used to pull down por
tions or buildings with. The hook
is among the oldest of implements
used for scaling walls, and dates
back from mediiuval times. The
scaling ladders arc made of a single
length of tough wood, with the rungs
at right angles with it and passing
through it. Us upper end termin
ates with a metal hook, which per
mits it to be attached to the win
dow sills or copings of a house. In
ordinary cases ladders are used, but
there aie manv tires where, in order
to obtain access to the upper portions
of a house, the hook becomes a ne
cessity. Ladders are not always
long enough to reach the desired
heights, and then the hooks supple
Hook and ladder companies are as
sentially life-saving in their duties.
To each fire battalion in New Yoik
there are generally assigned two
hook and ladder companies. There
are thirty-six to forty hook and lad
der machines, though they may not.
be all in service at one lime, some
Deing under repair. 10 a hook ami
ladder company tliere is given an
average of twelve men, and in parti
cular cases tliere have been as many
as eighteen. These men represent
the pick of the service as to phy-
sique. All ot them have passed
through the school of instruction and i
have been specially trained for their '
duties. It is not coolness alone that i
is requisite, but that perfect reliance
which conies from well trained mus- j
Ou the apparatus are carried in
addition to the ladders, which, with
their extensions, are ninety feet long,
a-number of hooks, with axes, crow
bars, ropes, life saving nets and fire
extinguishers. On account of the
extreme length of the ladders the
apparatus is extended, and there is
a steering wheel, acting on the back
axle, which enables Hie truck to turn
sharp corners. The three horses at
tached to such a lumbering machine
must be of the best, for every minute
lost in reaching a centre of conflag
ration means chances of death or
destruction of pioperty. Harper's
TREE THAT SHOULD BE FAMOUS.
The forest that grew on Little
Round Top, the famous position of
the battle of Gettysburg, has been
all cut away, probably that specta
tors ma- have a clearer view of the
whole twenty-five square miles occu
pied during the battle. General
Warren's statue is placed on the spot
supposed to be his chief observation
point. The writer of this had the said
privilege of knowing that General
Warren's chief position was on the
top of a large butternut tree, which
overlooked the other trees on the top
of the hill. This was his observation
point. Such u tree deserves to be
as famous as the apple tree under
which General Lee surrendered.
Fortunately in cutting away the for
est this butternut tree is just beyond
the line which received the wood
man's axe. It is, however, in a veiy
dilapidated condition, visitors having
been allowed to hack it to pieces to
gel out the bullets and pieces of
shell. It seems to us that such a
useful tree, having so much to do
with the success of the armies on that
great occasion, deserves to bo pro
tected and cared for as long as it is
possible for nature to allow it to
exist. Median's Monthly faiAI arch.
Some geniuti in Syria, named
Mousa Khouri, bus discovered the
secret by which the silk worm inukes
silk. He can make the bilk by
machinery, without the aid of the
silk worm. In this way the cost of
making silk can bu reduced one-half.
A manufactory is to bo started in
Georgia noon by a Syrian colony.
To manufacture silk in this way a
large tract of hind has been secured
on which to plant mulberries, and
the emigrants expect soon to make
their fortunes. Median's Monthly
'piIE undersigned Executors of tho
1 will of the lute Gt'o, Lucius de
ceased testate, hereby notify all parsons
having claims against thu estate of the
said deceased to pret-cnt tho same to the
undersigned within lx months, or they
will be forever barred, and all thoi-o
owing the said estate will please make
Immediate payment to the undersigned,
(Signed) THUS. R. LUUAri,
Executors Estate Geo, Lues).
m 31-10 41
THE MUTUAL LIFE
UViUtlAUU A. :tMcJUK4Y.
It has paid its inetiiben Mnce its oignnization THREE HUNDRED AND FOUR MILLIONS OF DOLIARS.
Its New Distribution Policy is the most liberal ever offered by any Insurance Company.
Bj'" For full particulars applv to
w. 13. ji-eops-:,
1-91 General Agent for the Hawaiian Islands.
PACIFIC HARDWARE CO., L'D.
DOOR MATS. DOOR MATS.
Rubber, superior quality ; lettered
"Aloha," "Welcome," and plain
Cocoanut Mats, a desirable assort
ment. Steel Scraper Mats, practical, ser
viceable. JC65" Call and examine our stock.
I had beeu troubled five months
with Dyspepsia. The doctors told
me it was chronic. I had a fullness
after eating and a heavy load in the
pit of my stomach. I suffered fre
quently from a Water Brash of clear
matter. Sometimes a deathly Sick
ness at the Stomach would overtake
me. Then affahi I would have the
terrible pains of Wind Colic. At !
such times I would try to belch and
could not. I was working then for
Thomas McHenry, Druggist, Cor.
Irwin and Western Ave., Allegheny
City, Pa., in whose employ Iliad
been for seven years. Finally I used
August Flower, and after using j net
one bottlo for two weeks, was en
tirely relieved of all the trouble. I
Can now eat things I dared not touch
before. I would like to refer you to
Mr. McHenry, for whom I worked,
who knows all about my condition,
and from whom I bought the medi
cine. I live with my wife and family
at 39 James St., Allegheny City, Pa.
Signed, John D. Cox.
G. G. GREEN Sole Manufacturer,
Woodbury, New Jersey, U. S. A
Auction Sales ity Jaraos F. Morgan.
Auctiaa Si of Biiiis !
On WEDNESDAY, April (J,
AT 12 O'CLOCK NOON.
At tnu I'renilsofa :it rear of the Honolulu
Planing Mill 1 will fell at
3 Wooden Buildings
Containing Feedroom, Stalls, ele., cov
ered with Corrugated Iron.
fie? Buildings to lie removed on or
bcfoie Apiil 10th.
AUCTION SALE OF
I Imve received instructions to .sell at
l'ublie Auction, at my SaleM-ooin,
On SATURDAY, April Dili,
T 12 O'CLOCK .VOOX.
'J'liu following Desirable Property:
lSt-A PARCEL OF LAI
Near tlie Kish Market and facing on the
Water Fiont. Tliere are
Two Dwellintr Houses
On the Property, ami contains Twenty
four KodR. Deed from lCaiiaUaiiui. I
Land at Kaalaea,
Jvooluupolto, OlWlll, I
Described in It. P. 2331). L. O. A. (ilfifi, I
to Naimliele., containing U.flU acres.
C2f- For fiullicr particulars apply to
JAS. F. MO KG AN,
Auction SMes by Lewis J. Levey.
Notice is hereby given that In accord
ance with the law In such case made and
provided, 1 will cause to bu sold the
Household FiiriiltiuuofT.O. MoOlMKE
taken by me in distraining for rent,
1 Ulael; Walnut ltedioom .Set, 1 Roll
Matting, 1 Wilcox & Oibb's Sewing
Aiacniiio, l iwicsi oi Drawers, i .spring
Mattrass, 1 Wire Soring and I Wool
Multrases, 1 Plnu Uedslead, 1 H. W.
Baby Crib, a Ii, W. limbs, 1 B. W. Rd.
riv.i.l.. i i. i? i ,11.. I.,,. i -ii.. i
l iiliiu, i raiicj iiuuiiu juuiv, t itun, J
Hammock (Jliulr, 1 Hanging Lamp.
Jtf- Said Sale will take place at tho
Auction Salesrooms of LEWIS !. LE
VEY, Auctioneer, corner of Fort aiid
On WEDNESDAY, April 20th,
AT IW O'CLOCK ,'OON.
' 385 161 GOO KIM.
issues Every Desirable Form of
PACIFIC HARDWARE CO., L'd.,
New Goods by
PI , A NT A TIO N S U JP P LI ES,
Tools & Implements,
Paints, Oiis & Varnishes,
TURPENTINE, LUBRICATING OILS
OF THE UKST QUALITY.
'"From 1 Gallon to 800 Gallons.
jtajr We are the only Authorized Agents for this article, and are
prepared to quote special prices for any quantity.
PACIFIC HARDWARE CO., L'd.
P. D. CORSETS
Just Received a Full Line of P. D. CORSETS at.
104 Fort fcucreai, Honolulu.
IN ALL QUALITIES AND ALL SIZES.
COME AND SEE THE CORSET WE A1?E OFFERING AT
IT CAN'T BE BEAT I ) 0 O IT S . lT CAN"r BK BEAT !
lit? i.llllliclili Llip fdlJi clioyy
Society of the
J&ftm&ftY I, 1892.
Liabilities, 4 percent $110,000,000.00
SURPLUS $ 25,000,000.00
New Business Written in 189 J $230, 000, OOP. 00
Assurance in Force $800, 000, 000. 00,
The 32d Annual Statement will be issued hereafter; in
the interval the foregoing- figures will show approximately
the chief items of the account.
&St JL. 0
After tuklng Stock we offer superior values for
UllKNII.LK l'OKTIEKKS, FROM $0.60 UPWARD,
AT ALL bTVLHS AND PKIOES.
I! mts shirts, underwear, collars and cufis.
SOCK" AND SOARFS AT ( OST.
Dressmaking under the management of MISS K CLARKE.
P. O, BOX 480. :
Wowt Cor. IS 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
i vT U y"" xTUlt ,0 pili,ll' hihI
I. V. I... CO I'll !! Nllliiiiin mw l.lmr alt.,.
i B8T Found the place to buy Neu and .Second-hand Furniture of all kluds at
lowest prices, the I. X. L., coiner Xiiiiiinu and KiiiL' streets.
uru fniw"! ', H"l!-oue".l1ce
mm and I Kb.g stiioU.0 ' "' "
tST Steamer and Veranda Chairs, Sofas, Bed Lounges, II
kets, Sowing Maohliies, Whatnots, Meat Safes, Trunks? etc..
i pi-ices at the I. X. L New and Second-hand Furniture 11
aim ami King streets,
S, W. LEDERER,
Store Opou Hatimluy
OF NEW YORK.
Late Arrivals !
for Hawaiian Islands.
1cm limn former
pi Ices lu every
JfiL .-ShC JHLi iaiuTUALTBL.'90.:
, MMMIIIIIIIMft) J
1 1 tt ICIiiu W.ietH.
money buy your Furniture, etc., at the
l'M'. .Stoves, Chairs, Hanging Lamps,
'"'' f'"' mh Ut U, '" X' L" "n'"or NuM"
Baby Cribs, Olothea
., sold at the lowest
House, corner Nuu-
Evualujfs till O o'clock. -m