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COFFEE IN BRAZIL.
Somo Famous Brazilian Fazondas
How tho Borry is Oultivntod and
Proparod for Market Com-
Special Correspondence ot the Troy
CiiAJtriNAs, Brazil, May 10, 18)2.
To investigate tho wholo business of
oolloo culture and eonnnorco at its
bust, ono must como to this southern
provini'o of Brazil. Tho city of San
Paulo is tho headquarters ot the
I'onVo trade, and from it four lines
of railway run into tho interior coffee
districts. (Jhamninas lies about
eighty miles north of San Paulo, sur
rounded by the most famous fazon
das, or plantations. This little inte
rior eity has a population of 20,tXX)
and is curiously situated in a deep
hollow ot tho plain, which makes it
a very hot, unhealthy and uncom
fortable place of residence. From
Champinas ono may make many in
teresting excursions to neighboring
colfeo estates ovtr eountry roads be
side which Michigan corduroys
would 1)0 like downy beds of eao
on horseback or on "buck-boards."
Tho largest fazondas lie along the
io l'arahiba, but every year their
region is extended. In every diiec
tion straight rows of colfeo trees are
seen, along the bases of tho foot-hills
and somo distance up their sloping
sides. It is the same way all along
tho railway from Hio do Janeiro to
San Paulo and from San Paulo to
Champinas and away back into tho
interior. Almost tho only other pro
duct that attracts attention is tho
mandioc, tho staple food or the peo
ple) and which also furnishes tho
tapioca of commerce; but that
strange shrub we must leave for a
future letter. Nothing can be nmro
than a corruu ouove,
whether clad only in a rich dark
green, or ablaze with scarlet berries,
or white with starry blo-soms. Tliey
burst into full bloom simultaneous
ly, in a single night, hiding all tho
green and making tho wholo planta
tion white as a snow drift, tilling tho
air with fragrance like that of orange
blossoms, only far moro powerful;
but in another twenty-four hours
both ilowers and fragrance have pass
ed away. Coffee is not a shrub, as is
generally supposed, but a tree, which
if allowed to grow untrinunod, would
attain twenty feet or moro in height;
but which is generally kept down to
eitrht or ton feet for convenience in
rading tho pellicles without injuring
the grains. Thou tho fanner is
brought into requisition, and they
are put in bags for transportation.
ONE ENORMOUS FAZENDA,
whoro several acres ot sloping hill
side had been carefully drained and
covered Avilh cement for drying cof
fee upon. To inspect one plantation
of tho better class is to seo thorn all,
for there is little variation in their
general features. Most of the manor-
houses aro placed as high up on the
rim of the valley as possible, sur
rounded by flower-gardens and fruit
orchards approached by a long ave
nue of magnificent palms and entered
by massive lbghts ot stone stops.
The mansions aro of great size,
though one-storied, with rooms often
fort j' feet square and twenty-five feet
high. They aro always carpetless,
curtninless and very bare of furni
ture, and it is safe to say that in all
Brazil you will not find a library in
a country house, and hardly a pic
ture, unless it bo that of tho Blessed
Virgin or some patron saint. Tho
old Spanish and Portuguese fashion
of arranging the sofas and chairs is
as universally followed hero as in
Mexico and Central America. Tho
sofa is set against the farther wall of
the big. bare sala, and Hanking it at
both ends are rows of chairs, placed
at right angles, with perhaps a leo
pard skin or rug between them. The
hostc-s leads tho gucts of especial
honor to the sofa, and tho rest sit
upon the i 'hairs, the men occupying
one row and the ladies the other,
vis-a-vN. Tho sleeping apartments
of these casas often have no windows
at all, and the only means of light
ing and ventilating them is through
their open doors. But tho great
dining-rooms, in size and style, re
mind one of tho eating-halls in old
Baronial castles. In tho same en
closure with tho manor house aro
also the quarters of the superinten
dent and overseers, hospital, store
house of general supplies, barns for
tho stock and buildings in which
coffee is prepared for market ; and
behind all aro tho slave quarters a
lot of low wooden huts, generally
arranged in a great quadrangle,
closed by a huge gate which is al
ways locked at night.
Conclusion next issue.)
Mr. J. P. Blaizo, an extensive real
estate dealer in Des Moines, Iowa,
narrowly escaped ono of tho severest
attacks of pneumonia, while in the
St. XjOTJLis, IMLo.
BREWERS OF FIHE BEER
Manufactured from Pure Malt and Highest Grade Hops!
No Corn or Corn Preparations ued in place ot Mult, im is done by other Kst-
ern Breweries, in order to cheapen the cost of their Deer, and to compete with our
world-renowned and justly famed article.
H. F. WICHMM
IS SHOWING A
linriliom nnrt rf flint strito cliiriiiir
picking. A grove can bo started by a roeout, blizzard, says tho Saturday
bin-ing the berries, or from slips
Tho latter aro preferable, placed
about six feet apart; and thoso
plants which have been taken from
the nurseiy with considerable earth
around their roots will bear fruit in
two j'ears. It is calculated that a
thousand thrifty trees will yield a
fair average of 11200 pounds of coHee
per annum, but in some parts of San
Paulo province tho yield is as high
as 0500 pounds. There aro two and
sometimes three harvests in a year;
and after fifteen or twenty years tho
old trees must bo cut down to give
place to now ones. When fully ripo
tho berry is about tho size, shape
OI' A COMMON' .SOUR CHEKItY,
or a rather largo cranborry. Tho
tough ied skin encloses two grains
or seeds. Tho old way of preparing
it for market, still much used in
Brazil, is as follows: When tho cher
ries havo acquired a rich blood rod,
they aro picked into bags by tho
negroes, twonty-t hreo pounds being
considered a fair day's work for ono
picker. Tho bags aro then emptied on
tho torrono, or drying place, which is
generally a level piece of ground bent -on
smooth or covered with cement.
Aftor a few days in tho sun tho outer
skin becomes black, hard and shrivel
led; and then tho berries aro pound
ed in huge wooden mortars, until tho
skins aro broken without injuring
the tough grains, liy sifting, tho
skins and grains aro separated and
tho latter aro again spread out in
tho sun until tho polliolo enveloping
each grain is dry as dust. Then
they aro subjected to tho mortars
find tho winnowing fan, and aro
ready for stile or immediate consump
tion. Tho improved method now in
vogue on tho wealthier estates, con
sists in drying the freshly picked
grains on wooded trays or pave
ments, by which they escape tho
earth' llavor acquired when dried
on tho bare ground; and tho outer
and inner envelopes aro removed-by
passing thorn through two mills, Tho
main feature of tho first mill is a
horizontal copper cylinder, who-,0
surface is roughened after tho lnnn
nor of a rasp. It revolves against a
board, between which and tho tooth
space is left for the grains to pass,
but not tho husks. Tho grains drop
into water and aro loft to soak twelve
hours, in which time thoparohniont
lilco film that envelopes each seed is
softonod. They aro spread out again
on trays in tho sun, and when thor
oughly dry aro passed through tho
Heview. Mr. Blaizo had occasion to
drive several miles during tho storm,
and was so thoroughly chilled that
ho was unable to got warm, and in
side of an hour aftor his return "ho
was threatened with a severe case of
pneumonia or lung fever. Mr. Blaizo
hont to tho nearest drug store and
got a bottle of Chamberlain's Cough
llomedy, of which ho had often heard,
and took a number of largo doses.
Ho says tho effect was wonderful,
and that in a short time ho was
breathing quite easily. Ho kept on
talcing tho medicine, and the next
day was able to go to Des Moines.
Mr. Blaizo regards his cure as simply
wonderful. Fifty cent bottles for
sale bj' all dealers. Benson, Smith
& Co., Agents.
With the Completion of the New Brew house,
the Brewing Capacity is the Largest
of any Brewery in the World.
Brewing Capacity: 6 kettles every 24 hours, 6,000 Barrels, r 1,800,000
Barrels per year.
Consumption of Material: Malt, 12,000 bushels per day 3,600,000
bushels per year. Hops: 7,n00 lbs. per day 2,250,000 lbs. per year.
No Corn or Corn Preiinrntioits are used in the manufacture
of the Anheuser-Busch Beer. It ist therefore, the highest priced but the
nost wholesome and really the least expensive for its superior quality.
VnnualShu'MNP Capacity; 100,000,000 liottlesand 5,000,000 Kegs.
The .A.Miiwsiai-Itiiscii Co. have carried oil' the Highest Honors and (lie Highest
Class Gold Medals wherever they have competed. At all-of the International Hxhihi
tions throughout the world their Iteer Excelled All Others!
The brut thing to .send to your friends
abroad is King Bros. "Illustrated Soil'
renir of Hawaii," which is got ten up for
the purpose, and is not an advertisement.
TO THOSE WHO VALUE THEIR SIGHT.
MR. A. DANCE,
Ily Appointment, to II, K. the .Marquis of
Diilfurlti, ox-Viceroy of India, Kte,
is xow jibkk, and pulvious TO
KSTAIJLLSIIINO A LOCAL ACiKNOY
MAY UK CONSULTED FOR
At the Eagle House
For a Few Days Only I
This Company have prepared a Special l'.raud of their llighe-t (liade P.eer for the
Hawaiian Islands, known as "SPL0IAL llHHW," with a hand-omo label and in White
llottles, which, with their best "LXPOKT AXHKUSLlt" in Dark liuttles, heicloforo
imported, we will now supply to the Trade in (Quantities to Suit,
G-. W. MACFARLANE & CO.,
Agents for iho Hawaiian Islands.
IMPOltTKK AND DKALKK IX
Steel & Iron Ranges
Equitable Life Assurance Society
OF TUB UXJTED STATES.
An Eminently Conservative and Safe Company.
The eousideiation of first, importance in judging of the condition of any llnaneial
institution (and notably of u LIfu Assurance Company, the majority of whoso contracts
extend oyer long periods of years) is its Surplus Strength. The Kiiuif.uii.i: has, over
anil above all Liabilities, a Larger Surplus than Any Other Assiiiance Company.
1-Z (jNow so Popular
AXicAr 1'itioics vrmriH you will
(X)NSIDKU KXOKKDINULY LOW
you sunn moil okadk ooods.
Golden Rule Bazaar,
W. F. REYNOLDS, Prop.
SULK AOBXT l-'Olt TIIK
Domestic Sewing Machine.
This .Machine iiiiow Improved -o ns to
Chain Stitch or Lock Stitch.
It Stands at the Head !
Neodles 8s uA-ttaalimoiits
KOK ALL KINDS OF MACHINES.
Sawing Kacliincs of all Kinds Promptly
Don't forget that this is positively a
No piivato individual can obtain Ciedit.
Therefore everything is Cheap!
From $4 up.
-A.,u.toliELi'p3 : Mandolines.
Furueaux's Beautiful Views ot the Islands.
Lawii Tennis Rackets and Balls.
BASE BALLS AND BATS.
STATIONERY AND BLANK BOOKS.
Popular Bound Books,
At 35 Cents Bach I
NOVELS! NOVELS! NOVELS!
Special Arrangements for School Supplies.
T. 1 Si:vi:wn. A. AV. Boi,sTi:it.
Fort ,st., over V. fiertz's Shoe Store.
VIEW, LANDSCAPE, and PORTRAIT VIEWS
OF THE ISLANDS,
Such ns Natives Making 1'oi Or.iss Houses
Hawaiian Style Killing llulahula
Dancers Coeoanut O roves I'al m
and Date (Loves Street Yiows
and liuildings AYar Vessels
Shipping mid Murine
Views, Kte., Kte.
Also a Large Collection of all Prominent
and Interesting Views of tho Hawaiian
Islands, either Mounted or Unmounted.
Stoves cSc FixitTares,
HOUSEKEEPING GOODS & KITCHEN" UTENSILS
Agate "Ware in Large Variety,
WHITE, GRAY and SILVER-PLATED j
LAMPS & CHANDELIERS,
Crockery, Rubber Hose, Lift and Force Pumps,
Water Closets, Water and Soil Pipes.
PLUMBING,. TIN, COPPER AND SHEET IRON WORK.
DIAMOND BLOCK, New. 5)5 & 97 KING STREET.
Books of Hawaiian Views
Made up to Order at the most licasonable
Itate.s in Honolulu.
Cabinets S6 and SO a Dozen.
KJri 1 O. 15ox IfH tf
Wm. G. Irwin & Co.
Win. fi. Irwin, -Clans
V. M.difliird, -Theo.
President and Manager
- - . . Vice-1're.sident
Secretary and Treasurer
Assets, Deo. 31, 1891,
Liabilities, including the ltuM'rvii on all e.istlug
Policies (I per cent, Standaid), and Special
ItcH'rvo (toward the establishment of a !ij$ pur
cent, valuation of 4l,.VXI,0nij) .
The hvstom of Sight Testing invented by
him (Patent 13.11), la now being universally
Mr. Dance Hiit'cinllv Invites tho
rroicssiou aim 1111 iinuii'sicii in
Optical Seiuuce to see tills beautiful Test,
LAT1CST IMPltOYKMKXTS IN
Lenses stiici Frames
AS I'llKbCllllil'.ll 11 V
ELECTION OF OFFICERS.
v t Tin: ,
J tho Stockholders of the IIANALLI
SlHiAlt MILL COMPANY, hold this day,
the following Olllcors were elected for tho
ensuing year: 4
President Clins. L. Carter. Hsu.
Hon. .1. N. S. Williams
Liii.fuifl mill, whiiih rosomhlos thoso ' Secretary .I.O.Carter
, . ... , , iii i I Treiisilii'r,. tico. II. Itobertson
usod or grinding Pftor, oxrotl that Auditor . . J. o. Carter
tho two vertical rolling dibes aro! Who mo also Directors of the Company,
wood, bis oofc in diamotor and itvo j ser'etary h'.' s! M.' Co.
iuohoa thick, thoir light weight al-' Honolulu, July 18, ltw. ' "'l7l-ni
This Surplus remains after making provision for every obligation, on u rigid calcu
lation of Liabilities, based on tho standard proseribod by the Insurance Law of the
Stuto of Now York, which assumes that Assets will bo invested so as to realize intoiest
atthoratoof I per cent, per annum. In addition to this, in a spirit of conservatism,
tho Directors of tho Society, on the recommendation of Its Kinanco Committee, havo
set aside a Special Additional Iteservo, looking toward even a more stiingont and con
sei vativo futum standard of valuation than the law now pic.soriboH.
ALjUX. J. CARTWRIG-HT,
General Agent for Hawaiian Islands.
O- J"- McOABTHY,
(ni:w hullctin iii.ock, siooiiant fcTitiarr)
REAL ESTATE BROKER
Fire Insurance Placed. Collections Attended To.
RENTS COLLECTED AND HOUSES RENTED.
ANY MJ81NK8B UNTltUSTKI) TO MK WILL KKOLIVK l'HOMI'T ATTKXT10N.
aoi:nts or tut,
Oceanic Steamship Company,
OK HAN KUANCISCO, OAL.
C. BREWER & GO.
CASTLE & COOKE,
Importers and Commission Merchant.
Builders' and General Hardware,
AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS and PLANTATION SUPPLIES
Paints, Oils, Varnishes and Lamp Goods
Agate Ware, Tin Ware, Never Break Ware and Cutlery.
Blake's Steam Pumps. Weston's Centrifugals.
Wilcox & Gibbs and Remington Sewing Machines.
CH AS. EUSTACE,
IMPOltTEU AND DLALKll IX
GROCERIES, PROVISIONS, FLOUR MB FEED.
Fresh California Roll Butter and Island Butter
&&- ALWAYS ON IIAND
New Goods Received by Every Steamer from San Francisco.
t&- All Orders faithfully iiltemleil to.
solicited and packed with care.
LINCOLN BLOCK, King Street -
Satisfaction guaranteed. Island Orders
- Bet. Fort and Alakea Streets.
P. O. BOX 372.
WEST CORNER NUUANU & KING STREETS.
P. 0. Box 480. mutual Telephone 90.
IF YOU WANT TO BAVH TIMH AXD MONKV BUY YOUR FUltNT
TUltE AT TIIK IXL. COItXKK NUUANU .t KINO STKEKTS.
KOUND The jilaeo to liny New IHT"Tm nTBKTI u"d Second-hand Furniture of all
kinds at Lowest Prices: The IXL, CIL 3 corner Nuuanu and King streets.
Ilediooni Sets, Wardrohes, Ice m& Boxes, Stoves, Chairs. Hanging
Lamps, Hugs, Bureaus, Ohellbniers, jSL. etc., Sohl Cheap for Cash at tho
I X L, corner Nuuanu and King Jyy&. streets.
Steamer and Veranda Chairs, Jsf m Sofas. Bed Lounges, Baby Clihs,
Clothes Baskets, Sewing Machines. IMHBMBKHSB Whatnots, Meat Safes, TrunkB,ete.,
Sold at tho Lowest Cash Trices at tho IXL New and becond-liaml luir
nituro House, corner Nuuanu and King stieets,
S. W. LEDERER, Proprietor.
STORE OPEN SATURDAY EVENINGS TILL 9 O'CLOCK.
LB"WIS 3c (DO.,
TKLKl'IIONK a 10 HI PORT STREET. P. O. Box 297.
IMI'OHTKltS, WHOLKSALK AND 11KTA1L DICALKltB IN
Groceries and Provisions.
OX JOB By each steamer of the O. S. S. Co, from California Fresh California ltoll
Butter, Frozen Oysters and Fresh California Fruits, Fish, Game, Vegetables, etc.
A complete lino of Cros-e .V BlackwelTs and J. T. Morton's Canned and Bottled floods
always on hand.
.lust received a Fresh Lino of Oerman Fates and I'otted Meats and Bottled Preserved
Fruits, Lewis it Co.'s Maltese llrand Sugar Cured Hams and Bacon, Now Breakfast
Cereals, Cream Oat Flakes and Cream Wheat Flakes, Sicily Lemons, California River
side Oranges, Oregon lluilmnk Potatoes, etc. Satisfaction guaranteed.
(i, II. ltohortMm.
K. F. Bishop. .
S'. F, Allen
Hon. 0. IS. Bishop
II. Watcrhouse... .
President and Manager
.. . .Auditor
-1 O, BOX 115.
H. E. McINTYRE & BRO.,
IMPOHTKItS AND DKALUU8 IN
Groceries, Provisions and Feed.
Now Ooods Iteieivud by Kvory Packet from tho Knutcrn States and Kuropo.
FltKSll OALIFOKNIA 1M10DU0K BY KVKUY STNAMHK.
AH Orders faithfully attended to ami Ooods delivered to any part of tho City fieo.
Island Orders solicited. Satisfaction guaranteed.
Blast Corner 3Tort 8c ICing Streets.
HTJSTACE & CO.,
WOOD and COAL.
Wbite and Black Sand
Which wo will sell at the Very Lowest
Market Kates for Cash.
Bell 414 - TELEPHONE Mutual 19
METROPOLITAN MEAT CO.
81 KING ST.
Wholesale and Retail Butchers
- AND -
G-. J. Waller,
The Best Lunch in Town.
Tea, a-nd. Coffee
A.t .A.11 Hours.
The Finest Brands of
Cigars and Tobacco
Always on Hand,
H. J. nsrOLTE, Prop,
. JvljJLii'l rZ- .