Newspaper Page Text
HhEi , 'v. -
y W Till
. ' i (From tliu
ifiil; Now York County Medical Associa
raJfe'" Slated Meetiuy, Drecmbrr 31, ISOt.
l'linsimiNT, S. 11. W. Mrl.wm
New York Modi:
Tin: Non-coxtauioussuss or Li:r
nosv. Dr. L. Duncan Bulkloy road a
paper with (his titlo. Up to fifty
years ago, at least, ono present ing a
paper on the subject of the non
contagiousness of leprosy would
have had no listeners, so widespread
was the belief in the contagiousness
of the disease, ftven to-day, among
many people the presence of a
patient with leprosy would excite
more fear of contagion than a case
of diphtheria. This view seemed to
prevail not alone among the laity,
but to some extent also among phy.M
cians. 11 was the author's purpose
to present such facts as had come
jundor his observation bearing on the
subject of the contagiousness or non
contagiousness of leprosy.
To account for the widespread be
lief in the contagiousness of the
disease he referied to the biblical
statements concerning it, its wide
diffusion throughout the world, and
failure heretofoie to account for the
spread of the disease in any other
First, with regard to the biblical
accounts, he said thai no conclusions
could bo baed regarding the conta
giousness of leprosy thereon, for it
was certain that at least live or six
different types of cutaneous affec
tions were included under (his term,
some oT which wete highly conta
gious and others were not. Nor
could more reliance be placed on the
statements contained in early litera
ture. .Further, with regard to its
widespread diffusion, it might be
said that malaria was quite as wide
spread, and 3 et was not contagious;
tho same was true of cancer,
sarcoma, etc. Jt might be stated
without hesitation that the spread
of leprosy did not in any part of
the world correspond in manner
with the spread of any of the
contagious diseases; where tho
disease was not endemic it showed
no special tendency to spread. For
instance, ICuglish observers were
positive that not a single case of
communication of tho disease had
ever taken place there. In our own
country leprosy was not very un
common; every hospital in this
State probably had had ono or more
cases under treatment ; ho had per
sonally seen several; the diseased
parts had been freely handled by
both physicians and inmates of tho
hospitals, yet in no case could it be
assorted that contagion had arisen.
Evidence of this character of tho
non-contagiousness of loprosj could
bo obtained in all parts of tho world.
Regarding tho well-known case of
Father Damien, he quoted tho opin
ion of Dr. Rigg, of Trinidad, now
chairman of tho English commission
to investigate tho subject of leprosy
in India, to the effect that, to his
mind, tho contagious origin of the
diseaso in this ca,-o was far from
conclusive. Ho may havo imbibed
tho leprosy gorm in water, food, or
air. A sister had lived in the same
leprous colony since lKfiS, and was
still active and in good health. Dr.
JJigg himself had never come across
a case duo to contagion.
It was true that cases had been re
ported hero and there where persons
woro said to have contracted leprosy
by contagion, but so far as tho
author had been able to ascertain,
they woro not, supported by direct
facts. One case had been reported
in which an attempt had been made
to inoculate tho person with lep
rosy, and it was said to have proven
successful, but later it had been
found that this person had a cousin
and an uncle afilieled with leprosy,
so that heredity may have played
The absence of any satisfacfory
explanation for tho spread of tho
diseaso except ly contagion, had
also favored tho theory that it
was transferred from ono porson to
another. Jlut it might bo remarked
that not ninny years ago scurvy w'as
considered contagious, owing to its
rapid spread among all on board a
vessel. But now this diseaso was
known to ho duo to absence of vege
table food. Trichinosis was also
onco supposed to bo contagious, but
at present was well known to be due
to a parasite.
The author here referred to tho
germ theory, and stated that the
bacillus of leprosy had been found
in patients in all parts of the world.
Where it had apparently been absent
there probably had been some fail
ure in tho technique. Jtncc, climate,
soil, had apparently no relation to
tho diseaso. Hygiene seemed also
unable to account for its causation
in tho first placo, Heredity was at
onu time supposed to bo tho general
way in which tho disease arose, yet
tho number of instances where chil
dren born of leprous parents had
escaped was very considerable.
Coining to tho question of diet; it
would seem, as Jonathan Hutchin
son had shown, that only ono article
of food was used tho world over,
f 1)., IN Till
namely, fish. The argument which
this well known author had advanced
in favor of the fish theory was very
strong. Leprosy appeared in all
parts of tho world indifferently, jet
tho largest number of cases weie to
be seen on tho islands of the ocean
and along tho seaeoast. Fmt her, it
was believed to exist more among
that class of people who ate their
fish nearly raw, in a pavtly decom
posed state, or preserved. It was
not impossible, too, that bacteriology
would prove the development of the
genu oT leprosy in the llesh of fish
under certain conditions. The
author thought, at any lale, that
this offered a more satisfactory ex
planation of the development of
the disease than the theory of
contagfon. While, of course, it was
not impossible for the disease, if it
were due to a germ, to rise
by contagion, yet the degree of con
tagiousness must be extremely small,
and could not. apply in certain in
stances which had come under his
observation. Ho had seen two or
more patients in whom leprosy had
de eloped in this country, and who
had never come in contact with any
other leprous person. Ho also men
tioned, as a not unlikely source in a
few instances, vaccination. In the
case of Father Damien, he thought
the probable source of the infection
was through nnwquilo biles.
Mis conclusions were: I, that there
was no warrant for the popular
theory that leprosy was a contagious
disease; 2, the disease was not con
tagious in the ordinary acceptation
o tho term, or as that woid was ap
plied to small-pox. syphilis, etc.; U, it
was probably due to the presence of
a bacillus; 1, there were strong rea
sons to suspect that this bacillus
might be introduced into the system
by way of food, especially lish; t,
there was evidence that the diseaso
might under favorable conditions bo
transferred from ono person to an
other; (i, heredity probably account
ed for a share of tho cases; 7, there
was no necessity for segregation; 8,
theie was far more reason or placing
restrictions about patients with
syphilis and tuberculosis than about
those sulfering from leprosy.
The paper was discussed by Drs.
Conn, Fernandez, and L. L. Seaman,
who in general seemed to agree with
A couple of Eastern scientists,
who have been trying their hands at
inventing and experimenting, aio
said to havo discovered a perfect
substitute for tho pendulum, now
such a necessary attachment to
clocks and all other largo timepieces.
The new invention, or discovery,
consists of a hydraulic escapement,
itself a piston or plunger that is
propelled upward or downward once
every twenty-four hours through a
cylinder tilled with mercury. This
unique timepiece is perfectly noise
less. It stands on tho mantle as
quietly and as unobtrusivoly as the
statue of Shakespeare or the Chi
nese wise, tho only sound that
escapes from it being from tho bell
at tho time when it strikes the
hours. Those who ought to know
say that the invention perfectly sup
plants tho discovery of tho great
Galileo. The head man of a great
clock-making establishment, who has
carefully examined it, says that it is
destined to revolutionize clock-making,
being so perfect and inexpensive
.S7. I,auix JlepuMic.
0. .1. McCarthy has lots on Liliha
street for sale.
Aflor shaving uho Cucuuihnr Skin
Tonic. JiuiiKon, Smith it Co., Agents.
Sunburn roliovod at onco by Cu
cumber Tonic. Jjuii.son, Sinit h As Co.,
Ladies' shampooing and hair dress
ing done at thoir houses by Miss
Wolf, 7.'l Berotanin street. Mutual
Mechanics' Home, 59 and 01 Hotel
street. Lodging by day, week or
month 25c. and 50c a night; .?1
and $1.25 a week.
Dr. McLennan has removed to Ala
kea street, opposite tho Y. M. C, A.
hall, promises lately occupied by Dr.
Lutz. Ollico hours, !) to 12, 2 to -J,
and evenings 0 to 7 ; Sundays JO to 1,
Bell telephone 107 j Mutual (SS2.
Mr. Lander's Recommendation,
Mr. J. A. Lander, a prominent
citizen of Clarksburg, Mo., and
widely known in that State, says of
Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and
Diarrhoin Uoniedy: "J have seen ils
go' I results and can recoinnioud
it." For sale hy all dealers. Benson,
Smith A; Co., Agents.
Old Raga Wanted.
Clean white rags, suitable for band
ages, are wanted for use at t ho Bishop
Homo and tho Boys' Jlome, Leper
Settlement, Molokai. King up 281
Mutual telephone, and they will bo
sunt for; or leave the snmo at the
ollico of the Board of Health, or at
J. T. Waturhouwi'H, Queen street.
"Bank of Hewaii."
Thoro is some fears that Horner's
"suicidal" Banking Hill will pass tho
Legislature. To prevent this, all
should got a Bill from the Hawaiian
Nowh Compauy, study it, and show
up its weak points to all you moot,
1 1 wnnnftM nncTrin!
in hi -a p-i h i i. ivj ir sw u k v
11 11 ti U 0 till -
3t. I-jOiJiis, IMCo.
Manufactured from Pure Malt
JKJF-No ('em or Corn Hrcparalinns used in place of Mall, as is done liy oilier Kat
ern Breweries In order to cheapen the cost of their Beer, unit In compete with our
wirtil-rcnowneil uiul Justly fumed artiele.
fMMSt .."ipH ' BEAUTIFUL LINE
SHI'Kj'--radii &?sS5wsLpil3T2?:vtf tcufa
MES SSISSSSn 1N T1I1: I?
With the Completion of the New Brewhouse,
the Brewing; Capacity is the Largest
of any Brewery in the World.
Brewing Capacity: 6 kettles every 24 hours, 6,000 Barrels, r 1,800,000
Barrels per year.
Consumption of Material: Malt, 12,000 bushels per day 8,600,000
bushels per year. Hops: 7,500 lbs. per day 2,250,000 lbs. per year.
I No Corn or Corn Preparations are used in the manufacture
' of the Anheuser-Busch Beer. It is, therefore, the highest priced but the
nost wholesome and really the least expensive for its superior quality.
(nnual Shipping Capacity : 100,000,000 Bottles and 5,000,000 Kegs, o
Tlie Anmii ivri:-Iiii.M'ii Cm. Iiiivu rarriyl oil' tlio Hilii"-! Honors and Uio JIif,'lii'st
Oliiss (iold MwliiN wlit'ii'vor tlii'.v Iiiivu i'Oiiicli!(l. At all of the lnti'matiuiial K.Oiilii
tions llii-ou;lioiil Uio world tliuir liter I'.xi'ollud All CHIii'is!.,
This Company haw iriaru1 a Special Kriiuil of thi'lf Jlij;hwt (initio J'cor for tho
Hawaiian Islands', known as "Sl'KOlAI. llltKW," with a handsoinu hilicl and in YVliilo
Uottlcs, which, wilh thoirliest "HXI'OUT A.III3UBKIl"in H.nk lloltli-.s, heretofoiu
impoiti'il, wo will now Mipply to tin' Tr.nlu in Quantities to Suit.
Hartford Firo Insurance Co.,
London & Lancashire Fire Ins. Co.,
Thamos and Morsey Marino Ins. Co.,
New York Lifo lu3. Co.,
C. 0. BERGER
General Agent for Hawaiian Islands.
The Best Lunch in Town.
AT AM. IIOL'ilS.
THE FINEST BUAxNDS OF
Cigars and Tobacco
ALWAYS ON HANI).
J. OSTOIjTE, Prop.
Island Shells and Curios !
WJIOI.KSAI.K AKJ) UKTAIMMKA1'
for Cash, at 101 l-'ort stieet, between
Klilurs' Dry (Jooila Ktoru mid Krniik (lurfz'H
Shoo Htoio. .'lS3t T. TANNATJ'.
ii)WiiiiiiiiiWMWwiMMiiii,'win-inT-""''''"'"'",""'' MMMM rim T
and Highest Grade Hops!
JO U id villi
G. W. MAOFAKLANE & CO.,
Agents for (he Hawaiian Islands.
WM. G. IRWIN & CO.
(IKKHIl l-'Olt SAI.K
Lime : and : Cement,
I'AltAKKINi: 1'AINT (().'
Compounds and Roofing,
Felt Steam Pipe Covering,
Wool Dust, Bone Meal, Fish Guano.
ALSO IllIOIC .V OIILANDT'S
High Grado Chemical Cane Manure.
Oreiss Seeds :
Cocksfoot, Ryo Grass and Clovers.
FAIItllANK CAXMXd TO.'S
In 1 anil 'i Hi Tins.
METROPOLITAN MEAT CO,,
81 KING ST. &M
Wholesale and Retail Butchers
G. J. Waller,
BcAYarc of Imitations!
I CAUTION the Hubllc again! the oller
L lugs- of "Normal Sanitary Jaeger
Underwear" advertised liy Ulfcrupulous
limine to inUlead'the pulilic. Till)
GeniiiDO Noiniiil Sanitary
ITCSr- Cannot he purchased
onl nt tn Store.
t litre, hilt
the Hawaiian Islands of J)r. med. (1.
Jaeger's Sanitaiy Underwear.
Now so Popular
AM) AT l'KH'KS WJIH'll YOU Wild.
coxsii)i:i: i':xci:i)!i.(iiiY i.uw
koi! such men okadk oood..
i. r. sr.Vl.KIN.
. 1101.4 mt.
Fort st., over K (li'rtz'.s Shoo Store.
VIEW, LANDSCAPE & PORTRAIT YIEWS
OF THE ISLANDS,
Such us N'ativcf JlaLiny l'oi (irass Houses
Hawaiian Style Hiding Hiilahula
Dancers Cocoanut (i roves I'ulni
ami Date (i roves Stieet Views
mill UiiiUlings WarVesels
Shipping tintl limine
Views, Ktu., lite.
Also a Laigo Colleetion of all Prominent
and Inteiesting Views of thu Hawaiian
Islanilf, either Mounted or Uniuoiiiitfil.
Books of Hawaiian "Views
Made up to Order at tho most l.eusoiialilu
Kates in Honolulu.
Cabinets SG and S5 a Dozen.
Iiai -- '. O. llox IDS Itf
Wm. G. Irwin & Co.
Win. O. Irwin, -OlmiK
W. Jl. (iillard,
Theo. (J. Toiler
1'iesideiit and Maunder
. - . . Viee-rresidcnt
Sei'ielary ami Treasiuer
aoi:nth or Tin:
Oceanic Steamship Company,
OV SAN KIIANCIHCO, C'A,!,.
CKKK hi H K AT P.C
DllJj i ljil UL vJUi
xxvj-j ii AJii v. v j
.1. O. Carter
(1. II. ltoliiirt!oii,. .
K. K. Ilislioii
W. F. Allen . .
llon.'C, 1. Ilishoi)
H. C. Allen
I'lesldent and Manager
HITSTACE & CO.,
WOOD and COAL.
White ami Black Sand
Which wis will hell at Uio Very Lowest
.Market Hates for Cash.
Bell Hi TELEPHONE . Mutual 19
ForMoultUiKjx, Frame, I'aaicls, Arto
types, J'ltoluyravum, KMiinpa, and
etrrylhiiiji in I lie line 0 Picture, yo to
Kiny Jlros,, Hotel street.
1MH0HTKR AND DKAl.KIt IN
Steel & Iron Ranges
Stoves cSc Fi32:t-u.res,
J10USJSKISEP1NT(5 GOODS & KITCHEN UTENSILS
Agate "Ware in Large Variety,
WU1TR, GRAY and SILVEIM'LATED;
LAMPS & CHANDELIEKS,
Crockery, Rubber Hose, Lift and Force Pumps,
Water Closets, Water and Soil Pipes.
PLUMBING, TIN, COPPER AND SHEET IRON WORK.
DIAMOND BLOCK, Nos. !).". & !)7 KING STREET.
quitaWe Life Assurance Society
BRUCE & A.
0 H AS. H U S T A 0 E ,
IMTOUTJIll AXD DKALKR IX
GROCERIES, PROVISIONS, FLOUR AND FEED.
Fresh California Roll Butter and Island Butter
gjS ALWAYS ON HAND g0
New Goods Received by Every Steamer from San Francisco.
I&- All Orders faithfully attended to.
i-olieited and jiaeked with eare.
LINCOLN BLOCK, King Street -
WEST CORNER NUUANU & KING STREETS.
P. 0. Box 480. Mutual Telephone 90.
W YOU WANT TO SAYK T1J1K AND JIOXKY BUY YOUJt FUUXI
T HI IH AT Till', IXL. OOnXIMt NUUANU .V, K1XH STltKKTS.
POUND-Tho jilnee to liny New EffigfBa BiHMiiil and Seeoml-liand Furnituro of all
kinds at Lowest l'rires: The IXIj, k j& cornur Nuuaiiu and King streets.
Jledrooiu Sets, Wardrobes, lee K Boxes, Stoves, Chairs, Hanging
l.ainns, Uugs,l!uroaui,(!heironierH, JmL (,'l!,t Solil Clienj) for Oah at tliu
I X ., eorner Nnuniiu and King jwb. .streets.
Bteaiui'r and Veranda Chairs. jr tk Sofas. Bed Loiiinres. Babv Orihs.
Clothes llaslcots, Sewing Machines. IWIWri III
noiu at me i.owest 1 .mi rnces attliu 1 A 1.
nitiue House, eorner Niniiinu and King streets,
S. W. LEDERER, Proprietor.
STORE OPEN SATURDAY EVENINGS TILL 9 O'CLOCK.
LEWIS & CDO-,
)nb ainj Hi FORT STREET. i. o. Box lw.
IMl'OUTKllS, AVlIOl.KSALl'J AND IIKTAII DKAMJHS IN
Groceries and Provisions.
H'K Hy eaeh steamer of thu 0, S. S.
llutter, Kruiun Oysters una Kiesh
A complete lino of Oro-o .V HluekwulPs and
'"' "ccclvcl a 1-Vsli Line of Oerman Hates and Hotted Meat
I-'niltH, Luwis .V: Co.'s Malte.-u Brand Sugar Cured Hams and
(Vml (,.,,, ()llt KllK(,s nm, (,1(,lim wrifit Flakes, Slellv l.o
snio uranges, urogon liurliank l'otatocs, etc.
H. E. McINTYRE & BRO.,
1MHOHTKHS AND DKA1.KHK IN
Groceries, Provisions axici Peed.
Now Ooods ltccoived by Kvory Haeket from tho Kastern States and Kuropo.
HHKSII CAI.IFOHXIA HHODUOK BY KVKHY STKAMKH.
All Orders faithfully nttended to and Ooods delivered to .any part of tho City free.
Island Orders Milicllcd, Satisfaction guaranteed.
33ast Corner TFovK. So Kins Streets,
(new uullktin block, JiKitciiANT stuukt)
REAL ESTATE BROKER
ITire Insurance Placed. Collections Attended To.
RENTS COLLECTED AND HOUSES RENTED.
ANY BUB1NKSS KNTltUSTKI) TO MK Wll.Ii 11U0UIVU l'UOMI'T A'fTBNTION,
Atc'iits for Hawaiian Tslands.
Satisfaetion guaranteed. Island Orders
Bet. Fort and Alakea Streets,
P. O. BOX 372.
nrfRMhll AVlmtnots, Meat Safes, TninUs,etc.,
rtuwuml Beeomi-naiKl 1'iir-
Co. fiom Oalifornla-e'resh California Boll
California Kruits, Kish, Oiiiue, Vegetables, etc.
.1. T. Morton's Canned and Bottled Hoods
ts and Bottled 1'ieservcd
and Bacon, New BreaUfast
v Lemons. California Hlvor-
-H. O. BOX 115.