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Theo. H. Davies & O.
NEW SEASON'S HOLIDAY GOODS
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Smyrna Center Rugs,
CHINA DINNER SETS,
China Breakfast Sets,
China Tea Sets,
China Mush Sets.
Embroidered Carving Cloths,
Lawn Tennis Sets,
Royal Worcester Vases,
Crown Derby "Vases,
Japanese Satsuma Vases
SPECIAL JDTSJPX-iJiSVr OF
McLaughlin's -:- Children's -:- Books !
ISew Year Cards,
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Point Lace Handkerchiefs,
Limerick Lace Handkerchief's.
Embroidered Silk Hosiery,
lakefieM Rattan Chairs,
ELECTROPLATE TEA SETS
Electi opiate Fancy Ware.
Annual Meeting of the Planters'
Labor & Supply Company.
Important Reports and Discussions by the
Wednesday, Nov. 16.
Tho Planters' Company resumed
its sossion nt 2 p.m. His Excellency
G. N. Wilcox, Minister of tho In
terior, Hons. It. D. Wnlbridgo and
A. S. Wilcox, and Messrs. W. H.
Richard and W. 0. Woodou joined
tho meeting at this session.
(Tho report on Fertilizers was ac
cepted and ordered to bo published.
Mr. T. It. Walkor read the report
of tho Commit too on Forestry. It
dealt with the lantaua uuisnuco, and
gavo a long list of plantors, raneh-
mon aim outers wno had planted
valuablo woods on thoir lands. A
sub-bureau of Forostry was mention
ed as a much to bo desired institu
tion. It was thought that tho Gov
ernment and tho Crown Lands Com
missioners should bo able to do a
groat deal toward tho piomotion of
Mr. Marsdon said there w as a bill
before tho Legislature to exempt
from taxation such lands as aro
fenced in for tho purposo of pre
serving thoir forests.
Mr. Kajr told of work dime in
forest preservation in Kohala.
Mr. Walker solicited opinions on
tho question of a sub-Inn oau of
forostry, which had boon recom
mended in the roports of irovious
yoars as woll as this.
Mr. Williams said a commibsion
was now in existence on forests, as a
sub-report therefrom appears in tho
report of tho Minister of the Interior.
Mr. Walker understood tho com
mission to have been formed for tho
purposo of eradicating tho cotton
cushioiry scale, and not as a perma
Hon. J. M. Hornor wanted to know
what they wcro going to got off tho
laud covered by forests. His ob
servation was that tho rain produced
tho forest, and not tho forest tho
rain. In Hamakua tho woods did
not hold tho rain, nor make springs
of water. Of what use were tho
forests planted above Honolulu? If
tho man in charge had known his
business ho would have planted
coffeo trees and f aught people how
to cultivate coffee No more mouoy
should bo spent on such forest
planting as that.
Mr. Hall folt some sympathy with
Mr. Horner's remarks. If that valley
at tho Chinaman's house was filled
with fruit treos it ould bo made
very valuablo. Ho suggested having
such done to Mr. Jaeger six yoars
ago. It was useless to plant eucalyp
tus trees as an experiment, as they
know already that thoso would grow
in this country,
Mr. Hornor, resuming, said much
was hoard about getting tourists in
to tho country, but what was thoro
in such a forest that tourists cared
for? Thoy could see thousands of
acres of eucalyptus trees in Austra
lia. If they planted orungo and
lemon treos thoro many tourists who
had never soon thoso fruits growing
would bo glad to drive up that road
to soo them. His brother had lhno
treos growing which yioldod $25
apiece every joar. When thoso
ocean grayhounds epoctod hero
came thoy could take such fruits
right into tho London market. It
made his heart sick to soo tho kind
of forest that had boon cultivated.
Mr. Eickard demurred to tho
slighting words used of Mr. Jaogor's
work. It was tho first time that
auything but praise of that gentle
man's ellorts had beon hoard in thoir
meetings. How easy it was to look
back and find fault with tho work of
others. Thoro was none of them
but who might have dono much in
planting fruit treos, but tho fact was
thoy had neglected thoir opportun
ities in this respect. From his ob
servation periods of drouth had fol
lowed tho decay of forests as ollects
following a catibo. Tho measure now
before tho House was ono ho had
tried to have passed in 1890, and it
was only a small encouragement to
offer for forest culture.
Mr. Baldwin could not agree with
Mr. Hornor in his views on tho rela
tion botwoon forests and rainfall. If
Mr. Hornor had boon jn Honolulu 30
years ago ho thought ho would to
day bo of a difforont opinion. Then
tho rainfall scarcely over extended
this sido of the mountain raugos,
while now thoro was much rain in
Mr. Cooke It rains hero whon
tho Legislature is in hossion (laugh
tor). Mr. Baldwin, continuing, was cur
tain from his own observation that
tho rainfall in Honolulu had in
creased with tho growth of tho ad
jacent forests. Before that forost
was planted it would have boon im
possible to make fruit treos grow on
thoso sidehills, Thoro was nothing
but dosort thoro. Nothing was grow
ing on tho sides of Punchbowl then,
and it was better to soo ovou lantana
covering tho .slopes than nothing.
Mr. Walker followed with remarks
in similat htrain to tho previous
speaker, and Mr. Hall explained that
ho reforred to tho valloy, not to tho
ridges, in his opinion that fruit treos
should have been planted.
Col. Spalding told of tho death of
koa forests on his estate on Kauai.
Thoro wore thousands of treos died
and tho trunks could not bo utilized.
Ho did not think tho fow cattle on
tho placo woro responsible for tho
decay of thoso forests. Cattle might
prevent tho reproduction of forests.
Ho had noticed tho ground Bwarm
ing with rod ants, ono time thinking
tho country would bo completely
over-run with thoso creatures. While
a thick undorgrowth of vegetation
undoubtedly produced rainfall, bo
cause it causod an oxtra condensa
tion, it could not bo assunlod that ft
fow troos scattorod around would
havo a porcoptiblo influonco on tho
rainfall. It soomod to him tho most
thoy could do was to spond a fow
dollars in raising such troos as would
grow hero. His oxporionco was that
fruit troos from California would not
grow or produco on his land. Ho
had got very fair poaches of troos
imported from Australia. Olivo troos
had grown but thoro was not an
olivo on them. Ho would bo glad to
soo ovory coffeo troo in tho islands so
loadod with fruit that it would bo
hard to got pooplo to pick it. Ho
had carried coffeo all tho way from
Kauai to Paris which had only cost
him $1 a pound (laughter). Not ono
of his troos oscapod the blight.
Whon Mr. Forsyth, who claimed to
bo an export, was horo somo years
ago ho wont to the spoakor, who
offorod him ovorj- facility to plant
aero after acre, with tho promise of
giving him all tho mdnoy required
and, a block of stock for nothing,
once ho proved that coffeo could bo
grown successfully. Mr. Forsyth
replied that ho was not thoro for on
toring into any such a spoculatiou,
but if ho was given $200 a mouth ho
would go to work at coffee planting.
Tho speaker's answer was that thoro
woro plenty of pooplo in this coun
try who would plant coffeo on such
Mr. Cooko spoko of tho valuo of
tho algoroba, instancing tho iucroaso
at Waiauao from two troos to hun
dreds of acres thereof in n fow years,
and told of a California visitor who
took away somo of tho beans to try
them as louder.
Mr. Walkor asked for information
regarding tho woodpecker, with a
view to its utilization as an insect
ivorous bird for tho eradication of
noxious insects and blights.
Mr. Marsdon said tho juuglos in
India were alive with woodpeckers.
Mr. Lowroy thought tho bluebird
would bo a useful importation. It
was a soft-billod bird. Ho thought
it would bo hard to got tho wood
pecker horo alive in captivity.
Mr. Hornor roturnod to tho debato
with tho .opinion that this was an
unusual year, tho "colostial wator
wagons" coming along more fre
quently than in former years. But
thoy might bo assured that ..notwith
standing tho now forests, Honolulu
would have dry seasons yet.
Tho report took tho usual course.
Mr. W. W. Hall road tho report
of tho Committee on Toa and Coffee
Cultivation. It was not feasible as
yet to present statistics, but Mr.
Miller, manager of tho Hawaiian
Tea & Coffeo Co., was preserving
data as to production which would
bo valuablo. Altogether thoro was
1000 acres undor coffeo in North and
South Kona, most of it old and not
woll cultivatqd nor its product pro
perly 'assorted and cured. The H.
T. & C. Co. had 120 acres planted
and would add 50 acres next year.
Messrs. Hornor, Barnard and others
had engaged in coffeo planting in
Hamakua. In tho Hamakua and
North Hilo districts there is about
170 acres planted, of which 35 acres
is beginning to bear. In Puna 100
acres is in coffee, only a small part
of which is in bearing. Statistics of
coffeo production for 23 yoars (in
cluding 1892 thus far) wore given.
The exports for those yoars amount
ed to 1,806,754: pounds. Although
this was supposed to be a coffee
growing country, we imported 661,
(527 pounds of coffee more than we
exported since 1881. "If tho Legis
lature of 1888 had not foolishly kill
ed tho bill asking for assistance in
starting the cultivation of coffoe ou
a large scale," says tho report, "and
after the most approved methods,
the coffeo industry would havo boon
just four yoars ahead of where it is
now, and wo should not find our-
sohos in tho deplorable situation wo
aro now in, with all our oggs in ono
basket." Again it says: "It would
bo of great benefit to all who wish
to plant coffeo, whether small hold
ers of lauds or largo companies, to
havo a Coffeo Planters' Union estab
lished for tho purposo of collecting
information and statistics on tho
subject, and of giving such informa
tion to all coffee planters on tho
In regard to toa tho report has tho
following: "Tho only report wo can
make in regard to tho culture of toa
in tho islands is that a little is grow
ing at Makawoli on Kauai and a
small patch at Kukuihaolo planted
sovoral yoars ago by Mr. Purvis. It
is doing very woll but is not being
utilized in any way. The only at
tompt at toa culture on a scalo
to bo of any uso to tho country has
boon made by tho Hawaiian Toa &
Coffeo Company. A nursery has
boon planted with soeds from Coy
Ion and tho trees havo dono finely.
Five acres havo beon cleared and
planted at an elevation of about
2000 foot, and Mr. Miller writes that
thoy are doing linoly. livo moro
acres will bo planted next year whon
tho plants are largo enough. A crop
can bo oxpectod from tea plants in
two years aftor planting. Tho com
pany is also planting cocoa, or
chocolate plants, and intends plant
ing on a largo scalo if thoy do well.
By having a variety of crops a larger
number of laborers can bo xrofitably
employed, and help to simplify tho
labor question, which is a vexed one
Mr. Cooko, in a desultory discus
sion following, suggested tho em
ployment of an entomologist to deal
with tho blight and othor posts.
Mr. Hall, on second thought, con
sidered that, instead of a Coffeo
Planters' Union as suggested in tho
report, it would bo bettor to havo a
committee of this company, and a
motion to this offoct earriod.
Undor Misponsion of tho rules tho
retiring Board of Trustees was re
booted as follows: F. M. Swanzy,
J. B, Athorton, II. F. Glado, W. 6.
Smith, F. A, Sclmofor, A. Young,
W, G. Irwin, H. P. Baldwin and J,
Ou motion it was dooidod that
when tho mooting adjourn it bo to
7:30 this ovoniug,
Hon, Jos, Morsdon read tho re
port of tho Committee ou Tobacco.
It stated tho objection to Hawaiian
grown tobacco, of its being too rank
for uso, but recounted tho stops
taken to grow tobacco suitable for
wrappers. The report gave iuform-
ation on tobacco growing in othor
countries, and tho various difficul
ties attending its succossful culture
and curing. A lottor was appondod
from Mr. C. Snoyd-Kynnorsloy of
Kohala, recounting his experiments
in tobacco growing. Tho growth
was all right but tho plants woro
damaged bj' various parasites.
Mr. Marsdon followed up tho re
port wjth obsorvations on what ho
had loarnod while in tho far East
last year. In Sumatra only wrappor
tobacco was grown, and this was tho
only kind, lio believed, that was
adapted to tho Hawaiian soil. If
over our troatj' with tho United
States was rovisod our tobacco
should bo admitted froo, as that
country's tobacco was admitted froo
to this country.
Col. Spalding spoke as an old to-
bacco plantor, wno nad. early con
cluded that tobacco could not bo
grown in this count ry. But ho now
believed with Mr. Marsdon that a
good wrappor might bo grown horo,
and ho would bo glad totakosomoof
tho seed and plant it on his planta
tion. A pood burning wrappor had
spots on it showing tho nitre, and
somo makers imitated these spots
with acids. Tho tobacco doos not
take moro than three months to
grow. Horo it is a poronnial plant,
growing to a troo like tho cotton
plant, growing itsolf to death. A
spaco quartor tho sizo of that hall
would produco enough young plants
for a plantation. It is nocossary to
worm tho young plant, as tho worm
appeared as soon as tho plant, soom
iug to grow with it.
Mr. Marsdon suggested that this
company arrange to havo iivo acres
plautod on a plantation, say Ewa
which was handy, and thoroughly
tost this particular class of tobacco.
Mr. Lowroy gavo tho mooting tho
benefit of special knowledge ho had
gained in tobacco raising in Connec
ticut. Col. Spalding thought February
or March would bo tho best time for
Mr. Walkor, in moving tho accept
ance of tho report, further moved
that tho Trustees be authorized to
undertake tho experimental planting
of say an acre of tobacco. Tho mo
At 4:48 tho company took recoss
Tho company came to order at
7:45 o'clock. His Excellency P. C.
Jones, Minister of Finance, and
Hon. R. R. Hind joiuod the conven
tion at this sitting.
Tho Secretary road tho report of
tho Committee on Ramio, in the ab
sence of tho chairman, Hon. H. M.
Whitney. It roforiod to tho diffi
culties oxporionced in tho efforts to
secure a process for decorticating
tho ramio stems. What promises to
bo tho long-sought machine was
mentioned, being the invention of
Mr. J. C. White lately reported in
Accepted and ordered to publica
tion. In the absence of Hon. L. A.
Thurston, chairman, tho Secretary
read tho report of the Committeo-on
Fruit Culture. Reference was mado
to the. now industry pt pineapple
raising for export. An approximate
estimate of the export for 1892 is
over 40,000 pineapples. Mention is
mado of tho following growers who
havo over 1000 plants, with tho ox
tent of their operations and varieties
John Ena, Manoa Valley, 23,000
planted in 1891-2, of which 4000 are
from Trinidad, Porto Rico and Jam
aica; seven varieties, cost of plants
20 cents apiece; expects to put in
25,000 more plants in 1893.
E. W. Jordan, Nuuanu Valloy, 20,
000 plants, 7000 importod of 22
varieties, from Jamaica, Singapore,
Bahamas, Samoa, Australia and
London hot houses; thinks the rapid
increase now being plautod will glut
tho market in San Francisco, ,so that
tho only method of disposing of tho
surplus crop will bo by canning;
favors a co-operative cannery.
E. W. Jordan and S. M. Damon,
Moanalua, 12,000 plants, expect to
put in 24,000 mote tho coming year,
nearly all imported.
Pearl City Fruit Company, Poarl
City, put in 15,000 pineapples in
1891 and about 25,000 in 1892, will
probably double their plant in 1893.
Woodlawn Fruit Company, Pearl
City, with a capital stock of $30,000;
havo rocoiyod 50,000 plants from tho
Bahama Islands, and will probably
largoly increase thoir plant in 1893j
havo secured tho sorvicos of Goo.
Burnsido, an oxport pineapple raiser
J. L. Torbort and W. R. Sims,
Poarl City; 1000 of tho choicest
variety known as tho Smooth Loaf
Cayonnos imported from Florida;
will plant 5000 of tho same variety in
1893; favor a co-pporativo cannery.
JJr. vj. l roussoau, Diamond. Jioad,
2000 plants of throo or four choice
importod varieties; dosfros to form a
company, haviug a largo area of
Kaluhiluau,' Nuuanu Valloy, 5000
importod aud 5000 nativo, tho for
mer choice variotios from Florida.
John Kidwoll, Mnuoa Valloy, 50,
000' plants, almost exclusively of tho
Queen and Smooth Loaf Cayenne
variotios; is practically tho pionoor
exporter of pineapples; has import
ed and triod ovor 30 difforont vario
tios aud discarded all except tho two
abovo mentioned, which ho considers
far superior to any others; exported
this year 30,000 pineapples; con
sidora that tho output for 1893 is
going to bo far in oxcoss of tho Paci
fic Coast consumption, and is mak
ing preparations to can about 10,000
in 1893; states thoro is a bare mar
gin of profit aftor paying United
States duty; questions whether it
would not pay bettor to lot tho pine
apples rot rathor than can them, but
proposos to mako tho oxporjmont in
Iiopos that treaty relations may havo
boon effected with tho United States
by that timo which will lot canned
pmoapplos in froo of duty; thiuks
that iho increase in tho export will
warrant tho steamship companies in
providing bottor ventilation facili
ties, as there is now frequently a
heavy loss from decay of fruit.
Hawaiian Fruit & Packing Com
pany JU8t starting a plantation at
Ewa, Oahu, with a capital stock of
$10,000; putting in a pumping plant
on an artesian woll, aud will put in
100,000 plants in 1893, all of tho
Quoon and Smooth Loof Cayenne
variotios; J. Kidwoll, boforo-men-tionod,
and J. Emmoluth aro tho
principal stockholders; will probably
put in 200,000 moro plants in 1891 if
treaty relations with the States war
rant tho expansion; preparing to
oroct a prosorving factory both for
canning and prosorving in glass.
Mr. Emmoluth has boon exporting
canned pineapples in small lota for
throo yoars to Boston, Now York
and San Francisco. Ho lost i$400
out of an expenditure of $2000. Mr.
Emmoluth estimates that upon tho
quotations ho has rocoivod thoro
will bo a slight margin ovor oxpousos
after paying United States duty,'
with strict economy and careful
managomont, aud that if tho United
Statos duty is takon off thoro will bo
a handsome profit with almost an
unlimited market for all tho pine
apples that can possibly bo raised at
tho Islands for yoars to come.
Chas. Wilcox, Makouo, Maui, 20,
000 nativo pines; ono of tho largest
exporters in 1892; has addod 50,000
plants this year, 5000 boiug from
Moxico; expects to add 10,000 next
year and 50,000 moro in 1894; ex
ported 8000 in 1891 and 23,000 this
year; avorago receipts, aftor deduct
ing California chargos, would bo 8
cents each; lost by exports in July
and August, and will ship none next
July; would put up -a cannery if tho
U. S. duty was removed, but sees no
I hope of profit in faco of 35 percent
i arm; uas uougui, suing, or ins iruit
for oxport from nativo planters, aud
says if a market woro found thoro
would bo an immodiato and vory
largo increase of production in that
Antono Rosa, Kalihi Valloy, over
1000 plants, about half imported;'
will iucroaso largoly next year if
thoro is any prospect of a cannery.
P. G. Camarinos, Kalihi-kai, 50,
009 importod plants, intends to put
in 100,000 in 1893; has a wholesale
fruit store in San Francisco, has had
no difficulty and anticipates none,
in disposing of .all ho can supply.
Report regrets absence of figures
from Kona, the district that has
heretofore produced most of tho
pineapples raised in the country.
A summary shows pineapples in
tho grouud, exclusive of Kona, in
1892, 294,000; in the ground and
proposod to bo.ndded in 1893, 585,
000. Tho report says: "With the
number of small plantors wh6 are
not enumerated heroin, and the
number who aro interested in tho
business but have not yet actually
ombarkod therein, thoro can be no
doubt that tho abrogation of tho
United States duty would .cause a
million plants to bo put in .during
the year 1893. Recognizing tho ad
visability of fostering this industry,
thoro is now before tho Legislature
i a bill proposing to remit1 all taxes
i and duties on pineapples and tho
i machinery aud appurtenances used
in preserving tho same, which will
probably becdmo law." The report
goes on to say that if treaty privi
leges are obtained in the United
Statos, an enormous business will be
croatqd almost immediately, as the
plants come into bearing the year
after they are planted. "Tho im
portance of establishing this indus
try cannot bo over-estimated, as it is
a business which lends itself natur-
ally to small farming, ana with a
cannery in Honolulu at which small
producers could sell thoir pineapples
for cash, it would revolutionize the
character of the population around
Honolulu, and for that matter
throughout tho islands, for pine
anoles grow almost equally well in
the rainy district of Hamakua and
m tho dry districts or ivonaand jwa.
Tho report was accepted and or
dered to be published.
In the discussion on tho report
guava jolly was accorded importance
as an article that ought to bo export
ed at a profit.
Mr. Baldwin read, the report of
tho Committee on Manufacture,
which was too technical in its nature
for tho general reader. He had
gained $5.50 in sugar by diffusion at
a cost in oxtra labor of 28c. and $3.99
in coal, leaving a profit in favor of
diffusion of $1.23. Tho report gave
riso to a long discussion, in which
Col. Spalding gavo much information
from his own mill and his obsorva
Mr. Marsden thought the clarifying
system in vogue on tho islands is; all
wrong. Tho juico should be clarified
in one process and go directin to tho
double effect. There was no mystery
about it, but it was simply to lime
tho juico whenever it came from tho
mill. It had boon discovered at
Honokaa aftor long experimentation,
and produced a polarization of 99
percent in tho sugar.
Tho President related his differ
ences with Col. Spalding ovor clari
fying processes, remarking that each
had Ins own opinion whifo both did
pretty good work. His own efforts
were bont toward gotfing a cortain
ropy Bubstauco out of tho juice.
On motion tho report was accept
ed to take tho usual courso.
The President appointed tho fol
lowing standing committees;
Labor J. B. Athorton, O. Bolte,
W. W. Goodalo.
Cultivation II. Morrison, W. 'W.
Hall, J. Ronton, Jr.
Machinery J. N, S. Williams, J.
Marsdon, R. R. Hind.
Legislation H. F. Glado, W. R.
Castlo, C. Bolto.
Reciprocity H. P. Baldwin, C; R.
Bishop, H. F, Glado.
Transportation W. J. Lowroy, W.
H. Rickard, J, N. Wright.
Manufacture Z.' S. Spalding, J.
F, Hackfold, A. Young.
Live Stock B. F. Dillingham, W.
0. Woodon, J. H. Paty.
Forostry T. R. Walker, T.S. Kay,
J. M. Hornor.
Fertilizers F. M. Swanzy, W. W.
Goodale, W. G. Irwin.
Tobacco J. Marsdon, Z, S. Spald
ing, A. S. Wilcox.
Ramie H. M. Whitney, W.' R.
Castlo, 0. S. Kynneraloy.
Fruit Culture L. A, Thurston, V.
Kuudson. G. N. Wilcox.
Statistics J. O. Carter, O. tlf,
Cooke, W. O. Smith.
Coffoo and Toa W. W. Hall, J.
Austin, E. O. Bond.
At a fow minutes to 10 o'clock tho
company adjourned till-730 Thurs
's i .