Newspaper Page Text
WHAT'S IN TO-DAY'S PAPER.
ritetT PA (IK.
Da Oauta Ovine.
Another Mall lloubery.
Injunction on Laborers t(i lit- InveMl
gated. Scheme to lliirn London.
tioM In ltlft Chunks.
New Observatory station.
Kscape ut tin Kuihezler.
SECO.-Ml I'M IK.
Moru Sew I.hv editorial.
A Visiting Soniitre.
That Alleged llecrultlng Seheme-T. II.
lioeal and (lenernl Item.
Itniuv Day r'und Stolen.
An Uld t-'nok (.'aught Again.
Chinese Vtv tho Hoycott.
Wants Ills Gun Hack.
New Stamp for Sale.
Will Keuover DuimiKes Uncle Sam iiint
l'av for the Belzure of the Hutu.
tir Heal Hliiictiilllm.
ulu cDaiUi i)uUftin.
Pledged to neither Sect nor Party,
Hut Kstahlhhed for the HrneUt of Alt.
WEDNESDAY, FEB. 28. 18SU.
"Union is strength" soini!titiii..
It is nut when water is put in tht
"Clubs" an trump-, iu tin? proconl
rugitno. "SpaiU's" to develop tht'
resources of the eotiiitrv- woulil lie
Postmaster-General Oat eilaitis
that tint old stamps were rest rioted
in sain until tho arrival of thu now
ones. After that the embargo wa
removed and tho old stamps wont to
tho first comer. As to tho dcla.ved
Maui lottor it eould not bo a.i-er-tallied,
owing to tho failuro to pro
sorvo tho whole envelope, whether it
was a ease of getting into tho wrong
box or not. When a letter is tliu
delnyed, it is stamped with the time
it is put iu the proper box. There
was no intention iu either ease to
rotlect personally on the Postmaster
General. MOKE NEW LAWS.
"Two important bills" are fore
shadowed by tho morning organ.
One "provides for tho deportation
of dangerous charaeters, while the
other will be a stringent immigra
tion law of tho typo iu force in Un
united States." After the enlisting
and arming of all tho dangerous
charaeters that were here before,
and that drifted hero for mouths
after its organization, tho P. G. will
tlud its army and secret police much
depleted when it has put tho lirst
measure iu force. As to the pro
posed immigration law, it is likoh
to be a simple farce. Its chief re
sult will bo a crop of habeas corpus
cases iu our courts, with a constant
liability of the Government's get
ting itito complications with strong
Powers. Until proposals may bo set
down as schemes to make business
for the lawyers They would if put
iu etruet oaii'o a repetition of the
spectacle, not uncommon iu the
past, of lawyers arguing that acts of
their own making were unconstitu
tional or otherwise fatally defective.
How is the police force, without au
increase that tho country cannot
stand, going to attend to the human
drift materia!, and to tho discharged
and deserted sailors always abound
ing iu a maritime town? Let the
Government enforce tho laws already
existing against, "dangerous charac
ters" and vagrants, for it cannot
make any now ones of more
stringency that will bo workable.
Everybody who has paid any at
tention to the execution of such
laws must bo well aware that thoy
have a limit at the established right.
of the subject. No court will risk
its reputation in allowing that limit
to be transgressed. Our courts have
if anything rather inclined to inter
pretations of restrictive immigration
and vagraticy statutes which were
thu most liberal toward personal
liberty. Hitherto nothing has been
harder for thu police to do than to
obtain convictions of vagrants under
tho existing laws, not because such
are defective but on account of tho
jealousy iu behalf of individual
rights characterising our tribunals.
Tho samu spirit that has produced
liberal construct ions of tho present
moderate laws will undoubtedly de
cree that statutes of undue severity
are beyond the authority of any
legislature to enact.
Vina King Mukoa a Scono in Court
on Receiving Sontonco.
Judge Cooper, presiding over jury
trials, this morning sentenced Vina
King, for assault with a dangerous
weapon, to lie iiuprinoued thirty days
at hard labor and to pay 10 line.
On receiving sentence tho heroine of
the pickaxe cut up like a fury. Sim
cursed Deputy Mamhal lirowu, who
was not present, in fierce and foul
phrases. When Captain rVhlhnhr,
thu court baililf, laid a restraining
hand on tho rampaging virago, she
tried to fling him away. As ho
weighs about throe times as much as
the prisoner, It was like a uioukey
trying to throw au elephant. Ollf
dials and loungers from all over t ho
building rushed into the courtroom
to see what all tho row u as about
The wild colored daiiiiol was soon
subdued ami led oil to the leof.
Shou Ton, convicted yesterday
afternoon, was soutonceu to pay
o00 Ono and bo imprisoned six
months tho minimum ponalty for
importing and selling opium.
Li Mail, whose trial for opium in
possession began as our report
closed yesterday, was convictod and
to-day "was fined $50.
Akana was convicted of vagrancy
this morning and sent to the reef
for thlity days. Magoon for the do
fondaut, Ah Moo is on trial for vagrancy
this afternoon bv the following jury:
John Phillips, George Dillingham,
Petor High, Thos. Ivrouso, .1. S.
Walker, T. A. Lloyd. W. C. Wilder,
Jr.. Fred. Harrison, E. Hennor, Chas.
Carter, L. Hough and T. W. Hob
roti. Ho is defended by J. M. Da
Tho Cart wright divorco case is
still ou hearing before Judge Whit
ing. Mrs. Cartwright, the libollaut,
has been on the witness stand ever
dueo the opoiiimr of tho case yester
day morning. A request to hold
the trial with closed doors was dis
allowed. U. F. Dilliiurham, administrator of
the estate of A. L. Smith, deceased,
has rendered his account up to Dec.
Ml, lh'.l.'l. It shows transactions,
balanced, of $l'.,fiG0.12 on either
That AlloRod Recruiting Scheme.
Will you be good enough to pub
lish tho enclosed copy of a letter
which 1 addressed to-day to Presi
In reply I was informed by the
Attorney-General that tho Govern
ment had not sought to give pub
licity to the matter, but that 1 was
at libertv to use tho copy of tho let
ter whioli I had received.
I therefore enclose further for tho
favor of publication copy of a letter
wlucli rresiileut Dole lias rocoiveu
from Mr. C. W. II. Sausoui.
Tiiko. II. Davies.
Honolulu, Fob. 27, 1W I.
Sin -1 have received from Mr. C.
Y. 11. Sanson!, of Vancouver, li. C.
(a gentleman who is entirely un
known to mo), a note expressing his
great regret at the published report
of an investigation held hereon tho
Hth inst., in which my name was
coupled with his own.
Mr. Sausom informs me that ho
has written you upon tho subject,
and has given mo copy of the letter.
I venture to hope that you will
think it right to cause the publica
tion of the letter in question, if it
has come to hand. 1 have t ho honor
to be, sir, your obedient humble ser
vant, Tiiko. H. Daviks.
His Excellency, President Dole.
Honolulu, Feb. 27, 18111.
Hawaiian Hardware Cc, L'i
TWO ODD TOURISTS.
Ladies Who Travel in Grand Style
Yet Never Send Home for Money.
Tho Amoricau girl is expected to
do unusual things. 1 here i, there
fore, more admiration than surprise
oxcited by the feats accomplished
by two bright young ladies now
stopping at the Occidental llotol.
Hot l are from Now York. One,
Miss Mabello Higgart, is a journalist,
author ami elocutionist, f ho other,
Miss Louise Gtimaer, has a finely
trained contralto voice.
Sevan years ago they decided to
"do" tho United States. With tho
exception of California, this has
boon accomplished. Thoy have, be
sides, traveled all over Canada. et
their journeying have been made
only on tho capital of their talents,
aim ai no timo nave uioy oeeu
forced to call upon their people for
Miss Higgart conceived tho idea
of writing about tho United States
from its scenic and historical stand
points. To do this successfully she
knew that she would have to see tho
places about which sho wrote. The
question of transportation was
The young lady arranged a series
of entertainments, for which elabor
ate programs were printed. On Carson; it was tilt; distribution
1 1...... ...... .,.,.,.., ....,.-., .,1.1 n mill" . ...... . . O
, f ho' differ t nlilrd lues: In point lor a 1 ol southern Coa
Saturday, Feb. 24, 189 4.
A cent a pound duty on
sugar seems to have come
closer than a possibility and
reached a probability. Ha
waii will benefit by this action
to an extent that will extend
the smile on everyone's coun
tenance. Should it go the
other way there will be long
laces and lew smiles. 1 his is
one of the disadvantages of a
locality where nearly every
thing depends upon a single
industry Hawaii is not alone
in this respect. Take any of
the mining towns in the United
States; directly a lead peters
out the place is deserted.
Twenty-five or thirty years
ago one of the most thriving
towns in Colorado was Kit
W. F. Reynolds, : Prop.
11V dn no no in for grinding out
Spectacle and Kyeglatset, but we can
it you at price in accordance with the
OUlt LINE OP
DOLLS & GAMES
IS WKl.t. A8S0HTKD.
TEMPLE OF FASHION
Oornr Fort Hotel Streets,
AM. KINDS OF
V.tSCOl'V.li. H. C,
l-'oh. Hi, IWII.
To I'iiksiiikst Dom:, Honolulu.
Sia: Uecent despatches iu the
papers state that Mr. Theo. II.
Davies' uaiuo has been coupled with
mine in au investigation held on the
litli in.-t., in Honolulu, and, to pre
vent such au act of groat injustice
towards that gentleman, 1 beg to in
form you that ho has nothing to do
whatever with myself and tho sub
I remain yours truly,
(Siguud) C. W. A. Saxsoji.
Hood's and Only Hood's.
Hood's Sarsaiiarilla is carefully
prepared from harsaparilla, Dande
lion, Mandrake, Dock, l'ipsissewa.
.Juniper berries and other well
known remedies, by a peculiar com
bination, proportion and process,
giving to Hood's Sanaparilla cura
tive powers uot possessed by other
medicines. It elTects remarkable
cures when other preparations fail.
Hood's I'ills euro biliousness.
return for them Miss Higgart and
her companion received passes to all
oarts of tho couutrv. Tho railroad
iieoplo also granted them special
favors, as they realized the fact that
Miss Higgart book would, by ad
vertising different show places, in
duce travel to them.
Miss Higgart has dramatized
"Adam Hcde," "Los Misorablos,"
"Hon Htir" ami other masterpieces.
These dramatizations she recites.
The performances are interpolated
with appropriate solos by Miss Gu
maer. Hy their performances the
young ladles pay their hotel aud
When California has been satis
factorily seen thov will go to Flo
rida, where Miss Higgart will put in
a month or two revising her book.
Then the two will start on a similar
trip over the world, going first to
thu Sandwich Islands. They will
then travel across Persia to Lgypt,
around by Capo Colony and along
the Western African coast.
i......... :n ..r .......... i... .i......
i-iiltfru Dili, ill tuiimu) uu t.uu-
thoroughly. Neither of the young
ladies seems to think thai they have
undertaken anything extraordinary.
Their success scorns to them quite a
matter of course. .V. '. Chronicle,
Ih;-. .7, As?;.?.
Mr. Levey, losee of the Opara
House, is iu correspondence with
tho two ladies referred to, arranging
for their appearance in Honolulu.
O. W. O. Hardmaii, Sherih of
Tyler Co., W. Va.. appreciates a
good thing and does not hesitate to
say so. He was almost prostrated
with a cold when ho procured a bot
tle of Cliaiuberlaiu's Cough Homedy.
He says: "It gave me prompt relief.
I fludit to bo au invaluable remedy
for coughs and colds." For sale by
all dealers. Heiisou, Smith A: Co.,
Agents for the Hawaiian Islands.
By Lowis J. Lovoy.
SPECIAL SALE OF
Household -:- Furniture
On FRIDAY, Match 2d,
AT 111 O'CLOCK, A. M.,
We Imvc just received an
other cargo of Hay and Grain
by the "li'inytii'd," personally
Kelcctcd by our manager in
California ; and as we buy
the best, a word to the wise
I is sullieient. Prompt delivery.
California Feed Co.
Oi'i'Hi:: Corner Queen
aud Xiiuanu streets. Both
AVaukiku'si:: King street
near O. K. it L. Co.'s Depot.
Hull) Telephones WJ.
I will sll m I'uli'lu Auction, ut my Stile-
renin (rt-muvuil tor ronvunlfiici) ol
mil--), it CtioHtH bilu' Uoiic.
liolil l multure,
- CONBIHTINH OK
Upholstered and Rattan Par
Kimiain DlnliiK Table, blileliounl,
SliiKlu I mm IltiNlwul,
1 Double Koa Bedstead,
Plmi uml Kou VnlitttiiulH
Clmlr mid Itockerx, Mfiit HiK
Center Rug, Small Rugs,
Wiirilrube, (!liHiiilllt'r, Lumps,
HprliiK ii'id Hair Mull'u.Hf, Hofus,
Lini-gs luIU-ror, Plotures,
Bird Cunfb, Ktn , Kir. Altto,
1 Open Buggy, 2 Sets Harness, Etc., Ex.
LI. ISII.I.H Hi;!': AOAINhTTHK HO-
'plIK KL'ltNlTlMtK OK HIX UO'i.MS
X ruiim'utti fur lnilMikt'eilni;, inclililliiK
ii line upright Chiiikttrlni; Pimm and u
New Huiiiti" fsuwiiiK M' lilim. Apply at
No. ! Ilrrutanlu xtritHt, near I'lllieliLowl.
'Plli: IlKOfl.Alt AN'M'AL MKKTIN'li
J. lit tint btoW.lHlMrrx ut tliu I.NTI.K
I-i.vmi Sri.wi Ntvii-riiN i'u., (lili, vUll
In) Inilil al tin' Olllcu of tln Coinpiiiiy, on
l't llAV, Mutrli n. I Mil, ut IU o'clock
. m. W. II. Mil.KVN.
iIh lw Si-iTi-liiry.
iiuuwt.nl tu li preaentt'tl ut Mitt iillli:u ot t lie
iioitu nii)i rviKor in iioiioiiun un uit sni'i
ot cui'li mouth, nllivrwiMi- tln-y will lie ux
umpi from tlnii inontli'N uHiiiihIh iiihI like
ly not to In- i iiM fur ono r two iniintliH
utter, lly ondr of tlm Honolulu Ihmil
lloiinl, W. II. (WMMINOd.
h!M!-tf Komi riiiporvUnr. Honolulu.
ELECTION OF OFFICERS.
AT A MKKI'IXO il' IIIK KTlH'K.
Iiulilnrx of tliu 1 1 ti.i.i 1 i:k linn. I'u.,
(LM), liolil I'Vlirtiurv it I- I, tho follonliiK
Olllccrs wiirti eleeieil loi thu iinniiin).' enr:
II. It. Hnlllsler . . .I'rtmlilent,
W. (). Luekliiiiil. . 1 A
.1. W. Winter . . . SeiTittii'y,
Win. Wonii . 'i'ri'Hhiirt-r.
11. A. I'lirmeli'i- . . . .Auditor.
J. W. WINTKIt,
HONOLULU IRON WORKS CO.
ATTII i: A XN l'. I. M KKTI Ml OK'I II ih
CiilMliiiliv, lielil l!ijiliiy,iit tlionltlee
of i'hi'O. II. 'l 1:1 vie i. ,V Co., the fnllntvliiK
OIllciTK wi'li- rlin-lml fur llie ull.illlin year,
VI r. :
1 lliir, uilluiVi-H Cilirurt llin llVi'llllif!
of Mlirrli .i. 1 liu iroeeec lo liu im In
piirnliiioe a Pliilin fur the hi'lioul. AilniU-
luii, .'ill I'llitu, 'lii'keln for mile hy Hun
poii. nniilli A' !'., I iinlln A I'ooku, J. T.
Wuti'rhnil.ii. hnillli. U'Wer- A I'noki' illlil
IIuhiiuiiii Ni'wt i'o. (ml ut
Hi II. Dnvlei,
.. !'. M K unity,
V. II. Iliilr i,
K. W. liolil. worth.
'I'. It K worth.
rado and New Mexico, outfits
were formed there and pro
duce for the mining towns in
the lower country was largely
purchased there; everyone was
prosperous and houses went
up like mushrooms; then the
railroad built a line to La
Junta in the south and Kit
Carson as a mercantile town
was reduced to a pile of empty
tins and a water tank while La
Junta jumped into prominence.
Kit Carson had but one source
to wealth, or if it had others
they were not developed.
While Hawaii is not in the
identical position of this faded-from-view
town there is a simi
larity. This country has un
developed sources of revenue
but legislation in the past has
been "amii it." The thousands
of acres of valuable and unim
proved land should be opened
up for settlement; let the coun
try be opened up to the small
farmer. There was a time
when the Island of Maui fur
nished potatoes to California,
now we look to California and
New Zealand for plain every
day "spuds." There is no rea
son why this change should
have taken place, Maui exists
to-day in the same locality as
when California reached its
hand out to gather in our pro
duce. If Maui is nut bit
enough to raise potatoes for
the inhabitants of the Hawaiian
Islands, what is the matter with
enlisting the services of Ha
waii and Ouhu? When the
idle lands are opened for set
tlement perhaps a change will
come and when it does what a
boom there will be in the Jones
locked fence. livery man who
has a ten acre lot will want to
fence it and do it well, the only
way to do this is to adopt this
style fencing. The man who
economizes at the beginning
will be accustomed to it when
prosperity smiles upon him and
he will grow rich with age. A
fence that will last a life time
is what every man who owns
an acre of land should have,
and there is no other fence in
the world that will last as long
as the Jones locked fence.
Harnum used to say, "keep
your eye on day and date. '
We tell you to keep your eye
on the price. Six cents each
for stays and fifteen cents a
pound for the washers. Your
stays are placed six or eight
feet apart and your wooden
posts from thirty to fifty.
We have received by the
"Australia" an invoice of iron
stoves so that we are now able
to fill all back orders. The
Pansy is a world beater in iron
stoves aud gives satisfaction in
every kitchen it enters. This
make is not only well-finished
and a good baker but it is
cheap in price. We've never
had a complaint yet and the
last stoves are as perfect in
every respect as the first. If
you want a cheap stove come
to us and get a Pansy.
In high grade ranges we
make the Fischer a leader.
We do not believe there is a
steel range made that will use
as little fuel or heat up as
uickly as this make; we hear
us Irom everyone who lias
used it and the users are the
best advertisements we can
Needles & Fittings T
I BEG TO INFORM MY CUSTOMERS
THAT I WILL HOLD
EVERT WEEK DURING THE MONTH OF JANUARY.
Will be offered to the Public and it. will pay you to trade at
the "TEMPLE OF FASHION."
Tim King of All Typewriter.
Purses and Card Cases,
Tennis Rickets and Supplies,
Croquet and Baseball Goods,
Full Supply of Fine Stationery,
Guitars from $4.00 Up.
Z3t Music and Books ordered bj
Ylfc. Ami ilnn't f.irxit OAHII N the
lun-N of our Im-lnci mid It nhvn.vn tulkit.
I AM OFFERING NOW
For Friday and Saturday Only,
Boys' Cambric and Flanette Waists
Elegant AHuortment of CoIoih at 20 Cents Each.
AMI'KCIAI. I.MIUAItY IH NOW OI'KN
to htiulfiitHiiii TUK8DAY, T1IUHB
HAY imil HATUItDAYof i-ncli week, from
'1 lo 1 1-. m., on tliu Ki-cotul Hour of the- Kou
tcr lllook, Niutnnu Mrci-t, over Uivcjoy'n
nlnru. Kntmiii'oliy thuM.t;oinliloor, on tlio
Innu IfiiilliiK to tliu buck part of tliu Hono
(V In rc'HiMinic to iiiuiivrniiii riiim-ntn,
n trial A II UOI.AKS OI'THKOMJl'HY,
onu nviMilnj! it week, frrc of rlmrge, will ho
Marled Iu the l.llirnry Hall, an mioii an
tucntv ntllipxloiif havu lic-cn rcit-lvnt. In.
triutuiK MihU'iitn, plrae notify the Llliru
rliiu. W I look k lent out to rc!niitillilo pur
tluitlu Honolulu, mul when practlmhlu. to
renlili-utti of tht- other Ulauilit. UtMiu
JiiHt Received by last "Australia" a Large Stock of
To be sold for oxr wkek only at 10c., 12Jc.( 14c. and 16c.
per yard. GoodH worth 25c. a yard.
2 5 O
FIE OE3S . .
HhvIiik fold our Kntlrr Stock to
Messrs. Hoke & zur Oeweste
Our Stock will lie fold out at Krmtly rt.
iliii'i-il price till March :ilt mtxt when
"K. Mwlk" will rvii'tt lmlne mul ho
mim't-ilcil hy tin- iiliovu linn.
MRS. G. E, BOARDMAN,
IK-'-til , IVoprlrtruM.
A I.I. ACCOUNTS IIUK TO THE KI11M
ot Yuen Kvu Chun of I.IIiiih, Kauai,
uuvu noon puicru lor collection wiiu .Mr.
I'u ul Neuiimun. uttorney-Ht-lnw, 311 Mer
vliitnt Mrt-t-t, Honolulu. N. Monwiir In
Mr. Paul Noiiiiiuiui'h ottlce Ih authorlxutl
to receive uinl receipt for tliolr payment.
All iierMum Inilvhteii to wild llrm ura ro
iileteil to Hi'ttlo their accoitiitH ami nave
coats of lltlgntloil.
Honolulu. Jim. 15. 1H!H. Uil-lm
rpil AT TU ACT V I'ASTUUB
X I.und huloiiKiUK to tho '.
tulH of Cliaa. A Ixiiik. iloeeuHcd,
hltuated In 1'ulolo Valley ami
contulului! H!0 ueresi. moru or
le fur u term of years; thu lain) l en
closed hy a Biilistiintlul fence. For parti
uiilnrN upply to K. A. HOHAKKkU.
Or, J. l L'oi.Hi'iiN. 05i-lw
REAL ESTATE FOR SALE.
7 VAMJAlll.K I'IKOKH OK
I improved 1'roperty, located
In illlleruut 1'iirtn of the I Ity of
Honolulu; till Imrnulna. Apply
for full liarticulurM to
HKUIIB it A. J. OAllTWHIOHT.
FURNISHED ROOMS TO LET.
rpVO NICKI.Y rillt-
1 ulHliud Itoonib 011 1.1-
Illm hlreet, opposite Kuu-
ktnl Atruet. iiliout live mill-
uteK1 walk from Niiiuinu street earn. Ap
ply ut tlilh olllce. tmtf
In 10-yard lengths, reduced from $1.00 to 75 cents.
Cornnr Fort ud Hotel Mi, .... Honolnla, H. I.
The Drug Business heretofore carried by Hol
lister &; Co. has been incorporated under the
name of the ......
Hollister Drug Co., L'i
Having the largest and most complete stock iu
our line, we are prepared to off 21 our customers
the best goods at the lowest prices.
HOLLISTER DRUG CO.,
BS3 K'oft 8trat, "Hloxiolulia, H. T.
J. HOPP Sc CO.,
Beautiful Articles in Antique Oak
YJ to it at No.
. PI Ku-
W 1 1,1,1
I'.. W. Ildl. UhWOIITII.
Honolulu, lilt ID, l'i.
Hawaiian Hardware Co., L'd
OpHiklte UprfnkrU1 lllook,
:r7 W)VV HTUWIfl'P.
1. 01 1'oiiror 1'lvc Itouius
lienlilun Kitehun, etc Ap
ply ill tliMllllcc. im.'-lv
rpVO Nli'KI.Y Kl'll--L
llUheil ItoouiN for
(lenlleliieli ut No.
A 1 m
I .1. IHtCMMONDOK JIAMOA, MAIM,
f J lhi"iill I'liilniH HKiilust III 1 11 u he
iiie.eiited on or U'loiu the end of I'vhruary
Inr oetllciHcnt. Ull lw
CHAIRS, Etc, Etc
Splendid Line of Rattan and Reed Furniture!
Silvio I'lecoH and Bolw.
CORNICE POLES IN WOOD OR BRASS MOUNTINGS.
In Kino SprliiK, Hair Wool, Mcihs and Htraw MuttressoK.
1'U.I.OWS OK I.1VK (1KKSK KMATHKUK AND SM.K KI.088.
Latest Improvements Id Wire Mattresses, Lounge & Sofi Beds, Divan Lounges and Sofas,
Great Variety of Baby Carriages, Cribs, Cradles and Ulgb Chain.
Our CnhlnttUMakliijf Workuhop Ih Superior In Men und Muterlul.
t'DIINITUHK AND MATTIIK.S.SKS IIKHAIMKt) AH OI)OI AH NKW,
MATI'IXCJ - LAID - AT - SHORTEST - NOTICE !
OUU I'llH'KH AI.WAYKTHi: I.OWKKT IN HONOI.1M.H.
J. HOPP cSc CO,,
Vt. ICin.cr 3trot. - - OEaConcl-ulw, EC. I.