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BTVafKlW fHtHJJWiRM yK
THE DAILY BULLETIN. FEBRUARY 6. 1895.
Jfifiifp " "Pff"'-
EWA'S NEW MILL.
Splendid Sugar Making Plwi in
Good Wot king Order,
Newspiper Men Ma a ray Off tn
S9 the Swett StoIT Ka.e
Whon tho Ewa Plantation Com
pany started operations on tho Ho
nouliuli ranch property iu 1890, it
put a diffusion process plant into its
mill which was largely built in llo
liolulu. Although tho diffusion pro
cess is oporntud successfully iu other
sugar mills on tho islands, it appears
it has not given anything liko com
plete satisfaction in tho Ewa mill.
There is no need hero to discuss tho
causes. Tho fact is sufficient.
Upon ono of his trips abroad II.
P. Baldwin, one of tho foremost
planters iu the country, had his at
tention attracted to a new crushiug
process. He was very much takeu
up with it, and on Lis report tho
Ewa Plantation Company determin
ed to procure a plant ol tho same
kind. Tho Fulton Iron Works of
St. Louis, Missouri, are the builders
of this crushing mill
ouo to tho otder
heroin named, ami
tico. Tho mill was lauded at Hono
lulu by a sailing vosul, and J. F.
O'Xoif, superintendent of tho Ful
ton Iron Works, camo hero to set
up tho mill It took just two weeks
from the limu tho machinery was
lauded at Honolulu until tho mill
was in working order. This fact it
self is creditable enough to the
capacity of Mr O'Noil. but there is
another big item to the credit of his
establishment aud himself. That is
that not a bill of ono cent was iu- '
currod hero in connection with tho
sotting up of tho plant. It is said
that this is an unusual record, for
there is generally some little nit ora
tion to be made, or defective part to
bo repaired, before a complete sugar
mill is installed, whether of foreign
or domestic manufacture.
The new mill is now in operation.
On Tuesday E. D. Tennoy, of Castlo
& Cooko aud tho Ewa Plantation
Company, conducted a press party '
to see tho workiug of tho plant.
Thoro wore iu tho party: II. M.
Whitnoy, oditor of tho PlautorB
Monthly; Ed. Towse, oditor of tho
Hawaiian Star; W. H. Coney, re
porter of the Advertiser, aud Daniel
Logan, editor of tho Daily .Bulletin.
They wont down by tho moruiuu '
train aud wore met at tho Ewa Mill
railway station by W. J. Lowrio,
malinger of tho plantation, aud in
troduced to Mr. O'Noil, who at ouco
showed them tho points of tho mill.
Before entering tho mill, however,
a now weighing scheme was shown
the newspaper uiou. Tho cars load
ed with cane aro weighed on parsing '
up to tho point of doli very, aud eaoli
car is weighed on returning. This
ensures exactitude iu getting at tho
net weight of tho cano. By going '
on a record of tho woight of each '
car inaccuracies wero liable to occur,
as, if tho cars wero out in tho rain a
good while, tho moisture Ihoy ab
sorbed would, in tho aggregate,
make such a difference as to in alto
exact computation of tho woight of
cano impossible. As correct statis
tics aro rogurded as of great import
ance in estimating tho profit aud
loss of sugar manufacture in thoso
islands, tho improvement effected
by this change of system at Ewa is '
Upon entering tho Ewa mill tho
first thing to attract tho oyo is a
magnificent engine. It is a Hamil
ton Corliss engiuo made at Hamil
ton, Ohio, but furnished with tho
wn,i,. t, ,..,,.: : .. ..t :
i,,,t, . ,r., oq!.. iui i..
ing a flywheel of 20ft. diameter
weighing 15 tous. Engineers will
know it by this brief description. It
has tho latest stylo of govornor,
whoroby it only uses tho amount of
steam required for tho load. A
system of prodigious cogwheels
transmits tho power to tho crushing
or maceration process. Mr. O'Noil
showed tho visitors how tho gover
nor rogulatod tho expenditure of
power automatically by manual in
terference with its workiug while
tho mill was grinding. Ho thus
varied tho pulsations of tho huge
motor, with a moro turn of the wrist,
making thorn go fast or slow liko n
thing of lifo doing his bidding. It
impressed tho writer as astomshiug
that so tromondous an oxpondituro
of powor could bo tamporod with
thus without causing somo riolout ,
of tliu company tho Uiroo 8orit)8 of tr-jplo roft.
that at short no- ti... -,. m :., ,..ir.ni:nn ..r ;,.;,... .......
Thon tbo mill. Words would fail
to doscribo tho perfoctiou of its con
struction and ot its oxoeutioti of
what is required of it. Tho planters
used to talk a few years ago about
tho effectiveness of doublo crushing,
thon that of treating tho half-crush-od
cano with hot walor or satura
tion. Horo is a triple crushing ar
rangement combined with satura
tion, and under a procure that ap
pears almost fabulous. It is a nine
roller tnillor, threo rollers iu a sorics,
tho rollers 3 liu.x78in. of chilled stool.
Tho prossuro is beautifully regulated
by tho Fisher patent hydraulic do
vice. If a caroless workman should
drop a monkey wrench or a ham
mer between those rollors, it would
hardly mnko a mark on thorn. It
would only bo so much tho wor.o
for tho monkey wrench or tho ham
mer as George Stophenou said to
tho parliamentary committee, whon
ono of its members asked what
would happen if a cow got in tho
way of his railway engine, "So
much tho woro for tho coo." This
hydraulic device reduces tho risk
of breaking tho roller pinions a
fruitful source of exponso in Hawai
ian sugar mills besides equalizing
tho pressure to a dot. Tho amount
of prossuro that this mill cau sustain
is simply prodigious. Whon first
seen running by t.ho pressmen tho
pressure on the first series was 275
torn, on tho second 285 Ions, on tho
third 295 tons. Mr. O'Noil said,
howowr, that tho mill could sustain
a prossuro of 480 tous aud still leave
a safety factor of four tons. Ho iu
timated also that he was going to
pile on .100 tous before ho left, and
ho more than kept his promiso tho
tamo day. While tho press contin
gent was boiug shown over tho plan
a great increase. Mr. ONoil had
not, before tho party left, completed
"taking off tho cards" of tho engine
to ascertain its horse powor. Mr.
Tonuoy, however, who saw him later
than tho pressmen, says it is safe to
say tho engine develops 200 horso
An extraction of 82 percent had
been obtained under tho moderate
pressure with which tho mill had
been started. Tho 5300 tous pressure
was expected to yield mi extraction
of 81 percent. Saturation is employ
ed at tho second set of rollers, hot
water being applied, in tho propor
tion of about 8 percent, to tho volume
of juieo, through a perforated pipo
sot parallel to tbo rollors. To give
an idea of what the now plant gives
promiso of doiug, it is enough to toll
what it is already performing, coin
pa rod with tho work dono by tho
uow discarded diffusion process. It
is turning out 75 tous of sugar a
day, against an average of 33 tons
last year by diffusion. What tho old
mill took moro than 200 days to per
forin, the now ono is able to do in
100 days. The economy iu labor aud
wear aud toar from this saving of
time alone will bo well understood
by sugar men, but this is only part
of tho saving effected by tho change
at Ewa. In tho matter of fuol thoro
is a heavy reduction iu oxponso.
Tho macoratiou process now install
ed requires nothing but tho "trash"
to be burned for generating stoam.
That material from tho diffusion
process was too wot to bo burned di
rectly without drying, besides being
othorwiso inforiorfor thogonorating
of steam. There is a saving of 3000
tons of coal a yoar to tho company
from tho utilization of tho trash for
fuol. Iu the process undor descrip
tion the trash is carried immediately
from tho last sorios of rollors to tho
furnaces, into which it is served by
automatic .feeders. Thoro aro four
of thoso feeders of the type designed
by A. Young, of the Honolulu Iron
Works, which aro driven by ono en
gine, and ono of tho typo designed
by John Dyer, latoly local agont of
tho Risdou Iron Works of Sail Fran
cisco. It will bo romombored that
thoro was a hard-fought legal con
test ovor thesn foodors, decided in
favor of Mr. Young wliou ho was
suod by tho Risdon Iron Works for
infringement of patent rights.
Boforo dismissing tho grinding
oporatiou mention is to be mado of
I auothor innovation made
i working of tho uow plaut
at Ewa. ,
' n the.r milIs on tho islands tho
feeding is done at tho rate of 11 foot
a minuto. Horo tho speed is 20 foot
a minute, and it is claimed as an ad-
vantage. Ono moro improvement is
having cogwheels on tho ends of tho
rollors opposite to the powor. Tho
cano is carried from tho first sot of
rollers to tho succeeding ones by
slat travelers and thoro is no clog
ging. Thoro is a pumping engino
opposite tho mouths of tho furnacos
for supplying water to all parts of
Last yoar the Pulton Iron "Works
installed eight of its improvod sugar
mills two boiug niuo-rollor mills
liko tho Ewa ouo and four six-rollor
When Mr. O'Noil was dono with
tho visitors ho commended them to
tho tutolago of Mr. Pohlmanu, che
mist of tho works. This gentleman
tntimi. Air. O'Vml mil. n iiruMiirn nf
Ihoy supplied 2fil S(laiid mmnns.rosnoclivolv.oii '
L I1U IV3Ulb 111 UAi4lVliril J.BIVU ..Uf
showed thorn tho caroor of tho cauo
juieo after coming from tho rollors
until it booatno tno raw sugar of
commorco. It is putnpod into tanks
containing limo, and tln-nco into a '
hoator and a suporheator ono largo
horizontal cylinder over anothor
where it takos on a temperature of
245 to 250 degrees. It next goos
into a row of iron tanks, in which
some of its impurities settle to tho
bottom. Thon it takos a pipe route
to auothor cloansiug process, con
sisting of a chute charged witli sand,
iu which a shaft with a spiral llange
revolves. Whon it servos this filter
ing purposo the saud is washed for
further uso. Tho product now goos
through a sorios of processes, in
cluding being boiled in tho vacuum
pans, from whence it passes through
tho mixers into tho centrifugal ma- '
chiues. Thoso quickly dry tho mass
into sugar, throwing off tho mo- '
lasses. A lower grade of sugar is
made by boiling tho molasses, also
tho syrup squeezed out of sediment
from tauks and pans, as nothing
that can bo turned into sugar is
allowed to go to waste in a sugar
Mr. Whitnoy recalled tho fact
that tho centrifugal machine was
invented in these islands about 1851
by D. M. Weston.
Mr. Pohlmanu gavo tho following
figures from his laboratory record,
to show tho degree of purity attain
ed in tho juieo by tho superheating
process, as indicated by tho Brix
saccharottiutor: Of 18.2 decrees of
dry substauco in tho mill juice, 15.8
was sugar, showing a purity of 8GS.
Superheated juieo yielded 17.85 dry
substance, of which 1G 2 was sugar,
showing a purity ot 90.7. Air. Low
rio, in answer to a question, said it
had been a great, mistake in tho past
to bo afraid of over-healing tho
juieo before boiliug in vacuum. It
was proved that rapid healing to a
high degree at an early stage des
troyed much of tho impurities. i
Tho mill's grinding record for
Jauuary 31 showed tho followiug
percentages, but good as they aro it
was expected they would bo sur
passed when the pressure was in
Total Miar 0218
tiugarlu trnli 4 77
" " " per 100 ions oiino 1.01
Trash produced 21.7U
Sugar iu can 1182
Ktu'iir extracted 13 78
Moisture In trash ... 10 VJ
iu tho uow mill is a hydraulic hoist
for raising aud lowering tbo largo '
movable tauk3. Thoro is to bo an
apparatus put in for dumping tho ,
carloads of cano instead of unload-1
ing by hand.
At noon Mr. and Mrs. Lowrio ton- j
derod the hospitalities of the com-
fortablo plantation houso to tho i
party. After a much appreciated
luncheon thoro the party, joined by
F. L. Stolz of Maui, were railroadod
to different parts of tho vast plauta-'
tiou. Both old and young cano was
Uourishiug. Fields wore pointed out
which had yioldod 10 tons of sugar
to tho acre last crop, aud somo of
the coming crop promises equally
well. Lastly a trip was takon to ono '
of tho irrigating stations, whore two i
huge Blaise pumps aro installod. !
One of thoso raises water 80 feet for I
distribution aud tho other 167 feet.
Each pump has a capacity of 10,000,-1
000 gallons iu 21 hours. They are
not working now, as tho rainfall sup
plies all tho irrigation necessary. In '
passing a patch of rocky laud whilo
visiting tho west end of the planta
tion growing sisal plants wore seen,
which have been put in by the com
pauy for experimentation. Cauaigro '
is also to bo triod on spots not Buita
bio for cano.
Thoro aro 1000 acres ot cultivable
laud on Ewa plantation, of which 2853
acres aro now undor cultivation.
Tho past season's crop was moro
thau 8100 tous of sugar.
At Williams' Studio are to be seen
Portraits on Watch Dials, which he
is making a specialty of. Lantern
Slides for lecture by tho set or
faif 01 MttHlg WOtK HOISCS !
X A St J ItT fra
State price and where to he seen to
"O. A. M.,
1. 0. Box 100.
BY A JAPANESE MAN AND WIFE,
pood cooks aud understand how to
handle Bewlng machine, willing to make
themselves generally useful. Also man for
store, who is bright and intelligent, can
read and write English. Address
1251 lw "!'. O. HOX 209."
TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN.
rpHE UNDEHBIQNED WILL NOT BE
JL responsible for any debts contracted
In hU name without his written authority,
1255-3t UOBT. LAINO.
EXECUTIVE BUILDING, )
Honolulu, H. I., January 7, 1895.$
Tho right of WRIT OF HABEAS
CORPUS is horoby suspended and
MARTIAL LAW is instituted and
established throughout the Island
of Oahu, to continue until further
notice, during which timo, howovor,
tho Courts will continue in session
and conduct ordinary business as
usual, oxcopt as aforesaid.
By tho Prosidont:
SANFORD B. DOLE.
Prosidont of tho Republic of Ha
waii. J. A. KING,
Ministor of tho Iutorior.
General Headquarters, Republic
Adjutant General's Office,
Honolulu, Island of Oahu, II.. I.,
Jauuary 16, 1895,
Sr-EciAL Order No. 25.
Order for a Militart Commission.
A Military Commission is hereby
ordered to moot at Honolulu, Island
of Oahu, on Thursday, tho 17th day
of Jauuary, A. D. 1895, at 10 o'clock
a. m., aud thoreafter from day to day
for tho trial of such prisoners as
may bo brought boforo it on tho
charges and specifications to bo pro
sontod by tho Judgo Advocate
Tho Ofllcors composing tho Com
1. Colonel William Austin Whit
ing, First Regiment, N. G. H.
2. Lieutenant-Colonol J. H. Fisher,
First Regiment, N. G. H.
3. Captain O. W. Zioglor, Compa
ny F, N. G. H.
1. Captain J. M. Camara, Jr., Com
pany C, N. G. H.
5. Captain J. W. Pratt, Adjutant,
N. G. H.
0. Captain W.C.Wildor, Jr., Com
pany D, N. G. H.
7. First Lieutenant J. W. Jonos,
Company D, N. G. H.
Captain William A. Kinney, Aid-de-Camp
on General Staff, Judgo
By ordor of the Commaudor-iu-Chief.
(Signed) JNO. H. SOPER,
Commencing January SO, 1895,
and continuing until further notice,
all Liquor Saloons will bo allowed to
remain open from G o'clock a. m. to
6 o'clock r. m., subject to such regu
lations as the Marshal may see fit to
mako, for tho sale of
DRAUGHT BEER ONLY.
Tho sale of all other liquor is
i strictly prohibited aud any violation
of this will subject tho saloon to bo
closed without further notiee.
1 Tho presence of any porson undor
tho influonco of liquor upon any
saloon promises will also bo suffi
cient to cause suoh saloon to bo
E. G. HITCHCOCK,
Marshal Republic of Hawaii.
I Under MARTIAL LAW ovory
person lounu upon tno streots or
in any public place botwoen the
0:80 P. M. and 5 A. M.
will bo liable to arrest, unless pro
vided with a pass from Military
Hoadquartors of the Marshal's
Tho gathering of crowds is pro
hibited. Anyone disturbing tho peaco or
disobeying ordors is liable to sum
mary arrest without warrant.
By ordor of tho Commandor-in-Chiof,
J. H. SOPER,
SPECIAL ORDERS, No. 26.
Tho Military Commission now in
session in this city, convened by
Special Ordors No. 25, datod January
16, 1895, from thoso Hoadquartors
will hold its sessions without regard
By ordor of the Commander-in-Chief.
JNO. H. SOPER,
Adjutaut-Geuoral'n Office, Hono
lulu, Jauuary 19, 1895. 1213-W
All porsons aro hereby notified
that they aro strictly forbidden to
uso firo crackors, Chineso bombs or
any firoworks whatovor within tho
limits of Honolulu.
E. G. HITCHCOCK,
Marshal Republic of Hawaii.
Honolulu, Jan. 22, 1895.
NOTICE TO DELINQUENT TAX
Tax 1'njer.i of tho Island of O.ilm are
hereby notlllcd that, In accordance with
Section 01, Chapter lit of the Session Laws
of 1892, all Taxes remaining unpaid
on tho 31st day of January, will be pub
lished toRcllRT with a Hit of a'l Delhi
Hiiunt Taxpayors ni soon alter the above
date as practicable
Assessor of the Flnt Division Island of
Tho busiuoss of tho country is
sottling into its former groovo. Our
goutloiunuly drivor has returned
from his vacation, tho cows iu tho
pasture switch ilies instead of bul
lets with their tails aud the cream is
richor in couscquonce. We beliovo
wo havo satisfied ovory ouo of our
customors who have takeu milk from
us aud we aro in a position to sup
ply a groat many more. Tho pooplo
who from choice or necessity visited
Waialao during tho past two weoks
havo had an opportunity to see just
what sort of diet our stock foeds
upon, aud no longer wonder at the
richuoss of tho milk from our dairy.
Our facilities for dolivory aro tho
bost. With tho exception of a day
or two oarly in tho late unpleasant
ness our drivers have always beou
on timo at our customors' residoncos.
Wo take this opportunity to thank
thoso who havo beou patient with us
aud to solicit a continuance of thoir
patrouago. Wo will bo ploasod to
fill all ordors telephoned to us and
guarauteo all milk to bo pure aud
ireo irom adulteration.
Tiik WAIALAB 11ANCH.
THI8 SPACE IS
m:. s. LiB-v-st,
Fort Street, H. I.
MEBsns. oquua & co. aue be
celving orders for Plantation Labor
to arrive in March next. All thoso who
wish laborers should place their orders im
mediately with Q, K. Boardman, Agent
for the above linn. Conditions aro men
tioned In prospectus: "To the Planters of
Hawaii." Q. E. BOABDMAN.
12a$-tf Agent for Ogura & Co.