Newspaper Page Text
t - -,. - " T "SVSS
tr --' ifv" . f - j-7- n
THE DAILY BULLETIN, MAKCH 11, 1895.
CANAIORE IN THE SOUTH.
MuchVTalkod-Of Plnnt Plentiful
Texas Yield $200 Por Aero.
A few j oars ajjo Bovurnl
appeared in northern journals pliow
iiiK tbat canaif?ro could lin produced
in tlio west and southwest at a larfro
profit, and figures woro pulilihlied
later by tho agricultural depart
ment showing tho relative, cost of
cultivating and markoting tho roots
and tho prices received for them in
tho opnn markets. In Arizona and
New Mexico the plants were hn
modiatoly brought under cultivation,
and largo farms have over riucobeon
producing annually tons of cauaigr
roots. But it is only recently that
tho plants havo been cultivated in
tho cotton states, although iu Cali
fornia anil Texas it has been amply
demonstrated that this prince of
tannitiK plants succeeds satisfact
orily along all tho rivers and valleys.
Wlnlo tho cotton farmers havo been
looking around for some new crop
to help them out of their ditliculty
a few of tho more progressiva ones
havo been experimenting with cau
aigre. especially iu Texas, through
out tho whole length of the Feces '
valley, and the success has boon so
decided that many farmers aro go
ing out of tho cotton buiness to
rauo tiiis more profitable plant. Tho
wild growth of these plants iu this
state lias largely supplied tho trado
heretofore, but large snipmeuts will
now bo made of the cultivated can
aigro. It has beou demonstrated iu tho
last year that cauaigro will grow not
only where the wild plants aro
found, but almost anywhere iu tho i
cotton belt where Lhero is a sandy t
loam of moderate moisture. Ou the
stiller soils it does not do so well,
but even thoro it will produce pay
ing crops. Some of the more en
thusiaitic growers iu Texas assert
that it will eventually provo as wide
spread iu its growth as Indian corn.
It is certain that it is one of tho
greatest boons to farmers iu the
cotton Iwlt. It is practically a new
crop iu tho t-outh, and one of x
treino a'tiu. Until recently tlio in
dividual furmer iu the south did not
take up cauaigro culture, aud the ,
farms have beou operated by largo
syndicates of capitalists'. The pro
cess of extracting the tauuic acid
for tanning purposes is not very dif
ficult or elaborate, aud farmers
could do their own fermenting and
distilling at a very small expense,
mid iu this waj increase their own
At Tovah in tho Pecos valley thero
is a large cauaigro plant n hero the
tannic acid is extracted from many
tons of tho roots every season. Tho
Tanners all through tho valley supply
this factory with the roots, ami the
industry is so popular that the old
crops aro being abandoned. Here
tofore tho largo factories have sim
ply sliced, dried, aud packed the
roots for shipment to New York,
Chicago, or Boston, whero the tauuic
acid has been extracted by secret
processes, but the factories down
horo will soon do thoir own extract
iug aud ship tho concentrated arti
cle to tlio largo loalhuMiiakingceu
torrf. The dried roots tnltu up cou
fiidorabln room, aud tho cost of
freight is so great that a good por
enntago of tho profit is oatou up.
With new buildiuga aud now pro
cesses for handling tho root1) tho in
dustry is expected to grow in this
state, while the cultivation of cotton
will decline. As Texas is a cattle
raising state, by having tho taniiiu
acids at hand it is thought that a
great tnuniug industry may fcpring
up hero. So far droves of cattlo
havo buuu shipped out of tho Ptato
alive, and tho carcasses havo bi'on
oftou sold for what many think tho
hides often would bring "if proporly
tanned at home. Texas beef is not
very popular iu tho north, except
for tho poorer elas, and the prices
paid for it leave only a very unall
margin of profit for tlio growors.
A visit to f-otno of tho cauaigro
farms iu tho l'ecos valley gives ono
a more adequate idea ot tho new
southern crop than auy description
cau. The farms aro of various sizes,
aud at this timo of tho year the
young plants covor the laud with
their leaves. The plautiug is usual
ly done early iu the fall, not later
than the 1st of November if possi
ble, and br early spriutr thov are iu
blossom. Loose, saudy soil is solect-,
...1 mw I fiH.ir Ilia rrrMinil is lrr1rnti
x ,.,' i.i : i . r i. t..o
niuiuK.ij iiuLiw.uuuui i.uQiauvo i isinnjfl. All communications wUl bo treat
aro dropped in rows uoarly three oil as btrlctly confidential, and returned If
leoi apart ami iruiu six iu uiuuiuuiies
apart iu tho rows, and about five
iuohe.s deep. When tho young leavos
begin to como up they look liko a field
of beets or sweet-potato vines, al-'
tliougli as thoy develop tho contrast
becomes more decided. Iu fact, tho
roots of tho cauaigro plants havo tho
gouoral external appearance of sweet,
potatoes oven to the time of digging,
and they aro produced in lulls of
from three to a dozen, varying iu
size aud quality. Tho woight of
each tuber is from two to oightoon
ouuees, and when a hill is first pull
ed up a straugor might bo foigivou
if he dcclatod that it was a hill of
wild sweet potatoes.
An aero carefully cultivated and
irrigated will yield from twenty to
lllirijr iuui in tiici-u iuui-i nmi-ii
when dried for shipment will shrink
to seven or ten tons, l no value- oi
cauaigro roots property dried varies
somewhat iu this country and in
Europo. Oood roots ono year old
will yield from 23 to 03 porceut of
tannic acid, whil oak and hemlock
bark contnins only 8 to 10 percent.
In tho rough, dried i-talo cauaigro
roots sell to-day at from $25 to .?30
per ton, and tho prices in Europe
rango from ?r0 to $80, and thus far
the supply for thu foreign markets
lias uot been equal to the di'innnd.
This is duo partly to tho fact that
only recently tho value of tho plants
haheeii domonftrated, nnd tho in
dustry is only getting lied. The
taut i i acid from canaigre is superior
to that obtained from auy other
source, aud it is ot-po. ully adapted
to tnuning uppers, due saddlery and
fancy leathers. It is said to bo
valuable in tho manufacture of dye
Ftiiffi and moidantx. According to
tho present demand for dried cau
aigro roots tho lowott estimate of
tho yield would be $175 por acre,
with tho avcr.igo probably at S225
per acre. Tim cost of planting and
cultivating a crop of cauaigro is
about tho same as that of a sweet
potato crop, leaving much larger
profile for tho farmer.
Hood's is Good
Makes Pure Blood
Scrofula Thoroughly Eradicated.
"C. I. Hood It Co., Lowell, M w.i
"It Is with pleasure Hint I i;He 5011 the detail!
ot our llttlo May' sickness ami tier rrturn to
health by tho uso ot Hood's Sarsaparilla. Eht
was taken down w Ith
Fever and a Bad Cough.
Follow In;; this n sore cumo on Iter right sldo te
tneen tlio two lower ribs. In a short time an
other broke on tho left tide. Eho would take i
pells of sore mouth mid when wo had succeed
ed In nterritinlni: UiH ho uniiM suffer with at- I
tacks ot high loir Htnl expel bloody looking i
corruption. Her head wits idleried nml matter .
oozed Irom her cars. Alter each attack tho be-
Hood's? Cures j
came worse and nil treatment failed to privo her ,
relief until w licirin to use Hood's hum. iiurlll.i. .
Alter she had tal.ni oue-lmlt bnttlo u could si'O
tli.it sf nns In tier. o cotillutied until she
lud taken thrco buttles. Now slio luoks like
Tho Clscm of Health
and Is fat ns n iIk. Wo feel i;mlcfiil, nnd cannot
Kiy tuoiimcli In I.ivor of lluod's H trmiiarllU."
Mjis. A. M. Aiiams, luman, IYiiuesscc.
Hood's PIII3 net ta'lly, jet promptly and
tOlclvutly, on the liter aud buwvls. 2Sc.
Hobron Drug Co., L'd.,
Bole Agents fur tlio Hoimljlio of Hnwnil.
koihii: i.vounoua wii.i. act
Juhn Ki it ilv
at tho Ualifjrnlii 1 rnlt MnrLct.
'. (J. (JA.MAKIM)a.
Honolulu, MnrJi 7, lb03. l'-'Sl-St"
DrillXU MY TKMIMUAUY AH
bctu'o from tlio HtuMi.Inn Inlniuh, l)u
H V. Murray will nt. end to my practice
nml not for nm In all matters of business
timlrrn full rower of attorney.
lUsO-lw JOIH imoliirc, M. I).
A YO0NG MAN
who writes n cood
xjl lili parents,
lmiul nml la
wllllnu to lenm n Mercantile
Hushies. A.lilreas. btutlni: nie. "X.."
1IDM.BTIN OIIICO. 1S70-1W
7AXTKI)-A SMART r.XKHGKTIO
i TT niHti, who 1.1 not nlralcl or work, to
i enter mi Importing House In Honolulu,
Imvlnp n good cc
' ClUllUllO OI liollll'
goou connection nnu wdhu is
I will be clven to ono acnualnteil on tlio
iiuiucu. kiiuh "",'s '"") ,iiiiioru
or an Interest In tho business, Must liavo
Homo capital. I'rinulpals only treated with.
For ftirthor particulars nildrpss,
X Y. 'A.,
12MMI Ilui.i.i.KTi.N Olllue, lloiiolnlii.
G-. E. SMITHIES,
Aicomlant, Colltctor nnd Copyist.
Ofllco with C. ). Cluibo, Safe Deposit Iiulld
Iiir, 10(1 Tort Street. Telephone 11.
for Tho Collection or Government Hills
u sj ecialty. H!75-tf
f I I 1
L A mjtfL.
Mr. Oco. W llnrlnrr, Kielctiwn, Vn.,
wrltco, ii follow I
"Slinrtlr utter ImviiijJ coIIoko, I wm trnnlilnl
wltliftuvrn iliM'Ue v Itlrli kIiuuimI ItNplf. first, nt
the nikWi. l'tiynltlHK iriiHHim (1 It cczemn.
nn.l trnttcil tnu fur Unit rutnplittit. Thn rrup.
tlnticrrtt lowly tip tny llinl.iitfiiiil on tlin troily,
until It I'livi ln imI tliu wliiilo mime It Kite tun
Infinite trontilo with cnliMunt Itrlilnjr, ranting nir
ot ilt j ica'i'i.atiil a utery ll.iil,l which would
rtnile from nmlor tlio irilfa. I treated It for
over three yciri iiniurccmf ully, ami was unalilo
to chcrlt It, until 1 begin unlnic Ayer's Samnin
rljla. I usml tlirco Imttleiiuf tlili inpitlclno nml
wis rnmtiletely rureil my fkln liecotnliiK nt
imootli ami rtenrns before."
Has Cured Others, Will Curo You
Hollister Drug Co., L'd.,
Sole Agents for tlio Republic of llnwall.
W. W. AHANA.
32 3 XT-j.a.u.nv 6trat-
Kngllsh, Scoicti aDd American Goods;
Style nd Kit Uiiaranti'iMl
Oleiuting & Ilopaiiing
Dutnal Tele. 668. P. 0. Box 144.
For San Francisco
Tho Hawaiian Stoamship
Will ball for the above porta
On TUESDA.Y, March 12,
AT 11 O'CLOCK A. M.
Cabin Tussore f0
Yfe. For Freight and Passage, Apply to
II. HACKKELI) & CO.,
11W2 .It Agents.
HOP HING & CO.,
W2 HOTKL 8TIIEKT,
Wholesale Dotilers Iu
LidDors and iliiBilii Kiprs
General Chiuese Merchandise
SDCU AS -
Nnt Oils, Klce, Matting,
Chinese Silks, Teas, Etc.
Bngllsb aud American Groceries
By Every Coast Steamer,
MUTUAL TELEPHONE 147.
Regan Vapor & Pacific Gas
k Launches !
THE BEST IN THB MARKET.
They cannot b unrpasped tor motive
SKN1) VOli CATALOQUK
l(Md-tf Bciln Agent, Ntinanu Btreet.
If you are out of Bill Hcaih, Letter
lfeadt, do., w can stjijity them.
EXECUTIVE BU1LDTNG, )
Honolulw, H. I., January 7, 18(J3.J
Tho right of WKIT OF HABEAS
CORPUS is lioroby suspondod and
MARTIAL LAW is instituted aud
established throughout tho Island
of Oahu, to continue until further
notice, during which time, however,
tho Courts will contiutie in session
aud conduct ordinary business as
usual, except as aforesaid.
By the President:
SANFORD B. DOLE.
President of the Republic, of Ha
waii. I J. A. KING,
, Milliliter of tho Interior.
. . 1231-tf
I Commencing MONDAY, March
I .lit, 10". nil liminr nnlnmia !ll ln
JVUI AVCII Alltl- BtlJJlU till uu
allowed to remain open as por tho
conditions of their licouses, from
5:30 a. si. to 11:30 r. m.
During such timo liquors of all
descriptions will bo allowed to bo
sold, providing Bamo ba drunk on
No liquors shall bo taken away
from such saloons except Beer, Alo
Tho presouco of auy persou under
the influonce of liquor upon any
saloon promises will cause such
I saloon to bo immodiatoly closed, as
will also tho violation of the rulo
allowing liquors to bo takeu away.
13. G. HITCHCOCK,
Marshal, Republic of Hawaii.
All persons who deposited Arms
aud Ammunition at tho Folico Sta
tion in response to au order to that
effect, aro requested to call and re
ceive tho samo botwoen the hours of
2 and 1 r. m.
E. G. HITCHCOCK,
Marshal Kopublic of Hawaii.
Honolulu, March 5, 180o.
All porsous are hereby notified
that they aro strictly forbidden to
uso fire crackers, Chinese bombs or
any fireworks whatovor within tho
limits of Honolulu.
E. G. HITCHCOCK,
Marshal Republic of Hawaii.
Honolulu. Jan. 22, 1895.
THE STANDAHIMmED 8TALLION
" asr tt t g- :r, ove
And tho Thorough-brod Stallion
Are available tills reason (or a limited
number of Mures.
Wo also oiler Good Pasturace hv
tho month or year. 1260-lw
MERCHANT - TAILOR
Fine Cassimeros, Sorgos,
i White Linens, Etc.
Suits Made to Order
ON SHOUT NOTICE.
CLEANING, DYEING & REPAIRING
O. AKIMA, - - -10 Nuuauu Stroot.
Four great requisites of
Men's "Weuiing Apparel to
be found in all the Suits
made by Johnston & Sto
rey. Mr. Storey way for
some years one of the best
known cutters on the Coast,
consequently the best dress
ed men in town wear clothes
Johnston & Storey,
113 Fort Stroot
311 NUUANU 8TKKET,
Iletwcen Hotel and King Street, next to
otel and King Sir
Has opened a First-clans Grocery Store
as above. Ho will keep always on hand
the Ilest and Freshot
American and English Groceries
Canned Goods, Etc.,
And do liM best to please nil
rnrchusfs dolivered to nil parts
ot the Cliy.
3vEta.t-u.ctl 1'eloipliOH.o 257.
Wire -:- Nails
WILDER & CO., L'd,
C. R. COXjXjIiTS,
Practical Carriage Trimmer
(Has no connection with any car
TOPS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION
Fenders, Dashes, Buirm Aprons, Etc.,
at Lowest I'ossible l'rlcos, and
Workmanship of the Host.
I usn First-class Material ot my own Im
porting. Maiuifacttirer of ull kinds of
Workshop 'J 10 Klnc Street near Maunakea,
P. O. llox 4!KI.
California Fruit Market
Corner Klug and Alakea Bis.
IJy Every Bteamer from Ban
Fresh Fruit, Oysters,
j Bftltiioii, Poultry, Kto., Ktc.
A. IPareiily Hotel,
PrrOay $ 2
Per Week $12
srlSCIAL MONTHLY nTLS.
The llest of Attendance, the Ilett Situation
and the Fluebt Meals in the City.