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THE DAILY M'LI KTIN. A 11111. S4, ITO5.
Btrouc Defense of Clevelntid'w Poltcy
in Hawaii Mid Etsowhern.
Tho North American Koview for
April contains an articlo frnn thu
pon of Sunntor Gao. Gray, of Dol
wam, entitled "Two Ynr of Aui
orican Diplomacy," a r-p'y to an
articlo from S-nator l)ati, untitled
"Two Year of Democratic Diplom
acy," both articled as a maltor of
courrn hearing upMi tho Hawaiian
question. At tim request of sevoral
of our Mibjcrilior wo ti print
much of Sointir Gry' nrli In rn
may ho of intowxt to our rcvier:
it i hnhl that "the. ptnet'odiiiKS of
tliH tir.wHtit ndtiiinMtution respect-
iuir IT.nvnii form a composite, of '
blunder-, ertiHlty and usurpation."
... .1 . -- r .1... .1! ..i...(ifif. t
An ill tho psmj of tho dpcnuiiiihtit'ir
ngr dtitr, tho facts nro strotigoi
limit vp'tlfH and refutolhU charge
Moic llinn (if' v year- n;rn the. gov
rnmeut of the United Stte, aclinji
upon rtli.it wa thou uudewtood to
In an Aniorican doctrine, ncou'io.o
thu niitivo ovoruinent of JInwa i
"at U yovrnm-nl tui'fil to lh' com
dilion lh' p-oplr, ami retting on
th'ir oicw clmlc." Not only were we
tho firnt to talui that Mop, but wo in
df'od th?t other I'l'.vcr hinM r
epect tho iilepeudenco which we
had acknowlndKcd. Such n our
traditional aud honorablo policy.
This policy iu JatuMry aud Febru
ary, ltl'j;), ? Kiuhleiily reversed. In
thoclonif;rtft!!f4of I'residiu' Harri
soii'h ftrtniMii-i ration, tho country
was Htartle-d by the uowit that tho es
tablUhcd ovorument of the Hawai
ian IMandh had bce.u ovorthrowu by
a revolution in tho city of Honolulu.
Tho hleamer that brought this uuwit
broulit also to tho count ty com
mi'flioiicrs fnnn a so-called Pro
visional Govornment, touderiiiR a
treaty of nniiHxation to tho United
State. While people wore inquir
ing with wonder how this revolution
could uavo beau accompliiuoi witu
out' promor.itiou. aud without the I
uriup of a hot, President Harnaou I teut Cleveland, the treaty of auuox
seut to the Senate for ratilication a I atiou would nover have been cou
trwtt) concluded by him with these eluded by him iu such hot hasto.
Commissioners, providiuK fr thu in-, Ve are told that Preidetit CIovo
corporation of the islands into, au.l a could uo more reconsider his
as a put of, tho United States. ,)r(.(jt,(.08r'g recognition of tho Pro-
By tha docnmeaU which accom- visional Government of Hawaii than
niuied the President's inosaKe it ( ho could reconsider the recognition
for th firt time appeared, aflor of tho republic iu France or iu Bra-
thftj had been printed and consider- 1
d, that Unitnd States Minister )
Steve;m and th forces landed from '
tho hliip of-war Boxlon had beou to
some cxtout. but. to how largo an '
extent could not then bo known, ac- (
live iu dopoinj; the Qaecn. Ii np
pfarml thit the deposition occurred
)anuaty 17, 1893; that tho Cominis-1
lionets to tho United StUe wore
appointo1 J'.niisry 18, and aaiUtl for
Sau Fraiicico January i'J, aud that .
they coinmuni -ated their arrival iu
Washington by a letter to Secretary '
Poster, dated February 8. Tiio
treaty of annexation was concluded
February 1-1, auil sent to tho Seuate 1
Februiry 15. This indecent ha.te ,
did not moet with tho response that
was demanded of tho Senate. Tho
country know noihinir, aud could
know nothing of tho circumstances
surrounding tho trausjetiou, aud the
Seuate committee on foreign rela-1
tious, given pause by tho significant
and austiicinus intimations uathored
from the official documents reforred
to, deoliued to act on tho treaty be
fore thu close of the session on the
ensuing 4th of March, thouph urged
by tho then Secretary of State to
immediate actiou. This caution on
tho part of the committee was
amply vindicated by subsequent in-
i'roaiuent (Jlevelanu, immediately honor aim lair lame, must nave con
after his inauguration, was confront-1 strained President Cleveland to seek
tid with this situation. There was ' how he might undo tho wrong that
more than enough in tho facts, as had beon done this fceblo pooplo
disuloscd by thu papers, to put him under tho sanction ot tho power aud
upon inquiry as to how far the honor ' uatno of tho United States. That
.... . . . ....
aud good name of the United Statos
might be involved in this unusual
and precipitate proceeding. He ac
cordingly witbdtew the treaty, with
out prejudice, for further investiga
tion. To properly inform himself
of tho situation, before and after the
overthrow of tho established gov
ernment in thoso distant islands, it
was absolutely necessary that he
should send there a trusted agent,
to see with his eyes and hear with
his ears what the Presideut could
not see aud hoar with his own. His
choice fell upon the Hon. James H.
Blount, of Georgia. No better selos
tion could have beon undo. Mr.
Blount had just rot! rod from public
life, after twenty years of honorable
and tuefnl public service in tho
House of KeproMintativos, with a
testimonial from his colleagues as
to his character and worth such as
ha beon rarely accorded to a put),
lie man. Within the limi's of this
articlo wo can only refer tho reader
to tho instructions given to Special
CommUsiouer Blount by tho .Secre
tary of State, aud thu report made
by him to tiio Secretary, after pa
tient and intelligent investigation,
extending through four months.
(Seuator Gray lhn rnvlow Hip
testimony nolln'toil by Mr. Blount,
quoting tho liocunienta Bhowinj?
that tho Quoen yioltloiltn tho su
pjrior forces of tho United 5tatw,
that Mluiiter Damon recofjntz'-d her
appml totlipl'ru.tiih'ut of tliu United
Statpy, ami that President Dohi and
olhorotliccrs of tho Provigionnl Gov
oruuiPiit applied to MiniMfr S ovens
for Hi" protecti'-u of the United
S'atea fowi ami, later, ot the United
To ths Mppia! Minister Stcvn
respond -mI by rftiiij thi I'uitcd
Stutps ihir over tho joverinneut
tMi'ldiniT, and oeeupt'iitf tliM nnw
with Uuitetl State n itlnrx ami nn
i u's. Thin wa cmtiuiied fir llnco
in nth?, and until tho ilur'vnt re
in ved and th troops withdrawn by
Special Coininiin-ioiitr 15iouut.i It 1.4
iard to coneeivo how thu tfatitiiury
mid documentary oi-ideticp iu the
could bo oxnaiiuml by n putri
otic Aaieriunn, without luring tho
I.. t 1 I.l... .1. .. .1...
concluKum orccd upioj him tint tho
honor and kooiI nainool country
dad been furiously compromised by
the oecurrence of January, 181KJ, iu
the Hawaian Island.
I The trouble bm t-en that this
I evidence lian been li 1 voluminous to
I te road by the neuernl public, ami
tho opportunity has Uiti"" been made
to prepossess The public mind with
bi.iMid ami part'sau vhvv iu thein
I tercst of tno aunosat-ion conspira
tor. I L-t any hnnct and fair-iuinded
American oxtmiuo this evidence, or
I at least read Prcsidout Cleveland's
J mejiiao of D-cembcr 18, 1 813, aud
ask himself wherein tho President
w.n wroti in repaid t tins hhame
ful busiuo.u, when he says:
' 1 mistake tho American people,
if thy favor the odious doctrine
that thnro is no such thing as inter
national morality, that Ih-re is one
law for a 8troug nation, and another
for a weak on. and that oven by in
direction a strong power ruuy, with I
impuiiiiv. uespoii a weax one 01 no
it is charitable to h-liove that if
President Harrison had possessed
all tho information dis -loed by the
invest icatiou net. on foot, by Pre
zil. But tho casus are not parallel.
The prior governments iu Franco
and Brazil woru overthrown by citi
zens of those cou u trie, not by the
naval foroes of tho United Stale;
our recognition of tho now govern
iuouIb was not oblainj'd by fnUo as
surances; aud tiiey claimed to possess
and to oxnroiso the ordinary attri
butes of governments. The Trovi
sional Government of Hawaii, on
the other hand, prcsouted the extra
ordinary spectacle of a temporary,
revolutionary, self-constituted com
mittee, gntteu up for thu solo and
atowed purpose of handing over
the country to another power, aud
of thus depriving it of its independ
ence Moreover, thu Queon's sub
missinu was secured with the under
standing that the matter should be
heard and determined bv tho Gov-
frnment of the United States. Mr.
Damon, tho Vice-President of the
1'rovisiunnl Uovorument, wlio was
sent to obtain her abdication, says
so. TheQuetn herself so declares
in her protest, whiuh "S. It. Dole,
Eq., and others composing tho Pro
visional Government of tho Hawai!an
Ihlauds," to whom it wbb addressed,
recoivou without oriticisut or dis
ont. Every impulse springing from
sensitive reuard fnp hin I'nimtrv'x
1 1 . ." . . '---j
he did so seek, will remain an ondur
intr credit to his administration. It
there wore wanting an example of
civic courage and conscientious dis
charge of high public duty, tho con
duct of President Cleveland in the
Hawaiian episode, in tho face of
popular clamor, excited by truculent
misrepresentation aud partisan de
nunciation, would furnish it. Tho
responsibility for the stain on this
page of American history mutt now
rest with Congress.
Senator Davis charges the Ad
ministration with exhibiting a "ma
lign disposition" in ordering tho
U. S. S. Philadelphia away from
Honolulu "against the warnings of a
most competent officer, which sub
sequent events justified with the itc
cutacy of the fulfillment of prophe
cy." Tho officer referred to is Ad
miral Walker. Tho "subsequoit
ovout," n detailed by Senator Da
vis, are that "an English vofhoI,
which had been a smuggler of Chi
nese into the United States aud at
opium into Hawaii, was oharturo.l
for tho kindred work of smuggling
arm) from a British port into Hawaii
to aid a royalist insurrection," "and
that a revolt took place" iu which
Mr" p -.
2lr. J, 21. MurpUy
Grand Roctilts from Taking
Crokon Down Syatom ThorouGhly
C. I. nood & Co., I.owcll, Mas 1.1
"Gcnllumcnt I take nrcal i!casrs In SdrU
tns you of my euro by Hood's 8annnrllla anil
cUillyrccommviiilltto all lurfsrln,-; as 1 liavo
been. My system ticeamo thoroughly deranged
t.'ul ll.'o seemed llttlo clsa but n burden. I vrai
tcry l)llloui mid my Uldnoys and liver wero out
nf unlcr. I liad no niipcuto i.ml seldom nto Any
break tint. 1 had taken totilci mid bail been
tre.noil by dllTe rent ltyslcl.ini but iv Itli btllo or
no tifceiH, mid hud hucuuit) (i.ltd CliUcartcucd,
Boyond Kumnn Aid.
Ttiron.b n frlen "s adlcc, rs .1 1.nt resort I ta
tritcd la two bottlos ot Hood'uK.imnarlllaaud
v.iiS9voUjd!red t my lniproveraent I loon
affntints secured four additional t'ldlles and
i.:n n'i'V recltn? as wrtl n I ocr rtld." J.lt.
Mt'ltl'tiv, Hecrnlscli. llllni-K
Hood's Pitts euro O.ivlpvSon by rcstor
Ilobron Drug Co., L'd.,
Holr Arnl fur the Kcp'lhllr "t Hswsll.
yu Injure it Is well to do o In cm
prnlea whonu rspntntioni hnv bulli
upn ttroRg fonndatlona.
()mixin!r re presided by John M.
I)ow.Krr (auncemor to tlwlateO. O.
Ito'iier) liTd htood l thu tests ne-ces-nry
10 toiivlnce any one that
thMtrcjp'tid Ih ample and tbe prt
cliil a upon whlo'i tioy ro governed,
an) piifd promptly and nlttiuul .n
neces-ury deta s. Tho im-U nf a
company I the tst proof of tta o
lldltv ond nhilliy to pav loes. The
I'M. kIvoii w.'I MtMy even Tin 0.i
Hun i.illli Mb'.,1
The New York Life.
London & Lancashire Fire Insur
U. S. Branch.
Hartford Fire Insurance Co.,
Palatine Fire Insurance Co.,
U. S. Branch.
Thames & Mersey Marine Insur
!K" Policies for either Life,
Firo or Marino Insurance issued
in any of tho above named Com
panies at the lowofrt ratos and on
any of tho numorous plans ad
vortiaod. Your patronage is so
licited. JOHH M. DOWSETT,
1290-tm Merchant Btreet, Honolulu.
TMJRING MY TKMPOKARY
XJ eence from these Isiau.is, Mr. K. I.
Spalding wilt act under full power of at
torney for the Hank of Clans Bpreckels &
Co. WM. Q. IRWIN.
Honolulu, April 1, 1S05. 1S0U-2W
ALU OUTBTANDTKQ BII.I.8 OWING
the Uwver Haloon not aettled by Ap
ril SOtli, will be placed in the hand of a
collector and payment of same will be en
forced. II. J. NOLTK,
NOT t OK.
DUISINO MY ABSKNf'K KltOM THK
llnwiillnn hlundi, Mr Walter M.
OlHiird will intend to ami perform the
dutl-H of I'roslilent and Manuiior of the
HrmofW. Q. IrwIiutCo, I.d.
WM H. J It WIN,
President and Munnuur Win. 0. Irwin &
Co , I.'d.
Honolulu, April 4, IS-'C. 1300-2w
If your uubocripl'on ha expired now
Kood UmA tn rA it.
Real Estate and Loans
The enlarp'inent ot tho liOAN Market
to At to oovfr the wants and nei-eMi'Ies ot
the larnc number of hcnornblc people who
dro not owners uf unincumbered Heal
li.tate ns onuof th innst ncccssHry Inno
vations (it recent jcar, Toninny It lias
meant relief from prvelnit claims flt tho
very time when moft essential. When
properly ami huiuirably comtucUil this
iiifltiefs is uf iqually (rn'Ht liiiiiortin!e
ami viilue to tho cjiutnuiilty ns ilulldiux
and l-'aii Asroclstlons hnve proved thfio-di-lvos
IDs mM IfivesLineut Co,
Mnleni!eolalt of Negotiating and Pro
curing uni fir lSnrrowvn who arc un
; able .0 dU-ount their No 'ant tho Hanks
nli'l wlm do not cire to obligate tbem
iclves lo Mimr friend or aciiiainlaneo by
tuklni; I.Ij i'iid"ripnieiiti to their Note.
This Cumpany will make Loan opsin
Household l'urnlturo, I'lano. Urguns,
lloraos, Mules, Wagon, Carriage and
IVrsonnl rmp-rty nulient removing the
Property from the ltorrowrr's poss-lon.
and all liimlticsa will b conducted en n
STJIIOTI.Y Ct)KKtJ..TlAL UA-stS.
The Hawaiian love&tmout Co.,
General Ueai, Estate Aoents,
lBund 15 KanhU'iiAiui Htit
Urtt p.n.tOeac )
Hot&r; Public. Mutual Te'hone C39.
V --.i-rt?v.-.T. S ,
,-,;',.' r-JrAi jf"
-o t 'i a - -v
Wholesale f Retail.
fin.i. i.imi Mr
Japanese -; Goods I
siik m Uion (m tkuoi..
its. tkv IU.. iu.
SIUi!ii:.n .ioilCrapu iShirti
OK OOMPl.KlH KH'thK
mtXn of YmuiUjysof Ynnir.tiu
Wuru you itre Iu ored ot n ilnr
jt japandic Oooda, k'" " rir call ni
.ir reinit all vround town
OS 3rort St.. aaave Ouatstzi Xtovumm
Wm. G. lrwiD & Co.
Wm. a. Imto,
Ulaaa Bi rwlfcli.
v: M. Glltara,
"''rue. 0 Vort--
Preildeut aud Mtaaanex
rkcTf ury and 'treasarer
AOKST8 OF THK
Oceanic Stearaahlp (Jompauy,
Of HA.V FKANCIhUJ. UAL,
Bmx Tkl. SU1, MornAL Tku H07.
P. O. BOX 331.
128 & ISO KOKT STREET.
Ordera from the other Ialanda In
Bwlldhu, Trfandaoi Pstnttag, Bto., Etc.,
Promptly Attended to.
W. W. WRIGHT, Pbop.
(BnimMr to Q. Wett.)
T, A. blMiHOK,
JONES &c SIMPSON,
Accountants end Commission AgenLs.
nODSE, LAND AND
General Business Agency.
Conveyanclnc and LRal DocumenU
DUAWINOB AND TRACINGS MADK.
tfla- Trans atlons In French, German.
Snanlah, t'ortiiRiieno. Dutch, Italian and
Hawaiian. Kills Collected nnd Aocoauta
0Hoe, 308 luiorolmrxt St.
a. b. iD"wio-H:rr
DotH rli klnnu of Work In
Oment & Mono SidawaiaS & Curbing.
He has on band n largn B'ipply of Chi
line OrauUH Curb nnd alway. keps Ha
waiian Ourbini Htone. K-HiiimIh plven
and lowpst prlet natiirnd. lt.!lTelHphonfl
Four grat ruqttiHituH of
Men's WViMtnjf Appuiel to
l)o found in all thy Suite
made by Jolmnton Ss Sto
rey. Mr. Storoy wan for
Homo years one of tho best
known on Item on the Coa&t,
consequently the best dress
ed men in town wear e.lothea
Jehii&toa & Storey,
4 13 F"Olt St.rt?t
W. W. AHASA,
133 XTu-vulcu Cteft.
KcilLsti, Scu'.cti and kimuu Gootk.
Htyl and Kit l(UKrnti4.
Cleaning v lit)) 'ailing
lotoii nit. 66k. t. 0. 601 m.
POE INFORMATION CONCEBNINO
OAI.L ON, OK ADDRESS,-
JOHN M. CHASE,
Offloe, tOO Fort Street. Telephone 1M.
O. Z. COXjX.XXTS,
Practical Carriage Trimmer
(Has no connection with any car
TOPS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION
Fendera, Da-dies, Siorrn Aprons, Etc.,
at loweat I'oeslble I'ricea, and
Workmausbip of the UobU
I nan Flnt-claas Material of my own Im
porting. Manufacturer of all klnda of
Workshop 210 Kin Street, noar Mannakea,
P. O. Box 490.
A. Kanally Hotel,
FtrDay. I S
Per Week $U
iriOUL MOMTRLT ATW.
Tb Btet of Attendance, the Bent Situation
nd the Finest Meala In the Otty.
T. KH0D8E, .... Proprietor.
Ot-rtltr UfX (rt lha V flrwAWlMM
OinaMn'a Qrr aaHtl
rvomatttv wtnn!fl t.
Nntlt Tlpnona 14v.
BACK AGAIN TO WORK.
1ST. F. BXjiC3-ElSa
la eculn prunared to repair flirden Hose,
Bprliiklrra, Woler Tap-. et'. ctow Klllng
and all ktndiof Tcxila sharpened, Irclnd
UiK ('ryini; Knives unit Miuora: lwn
Morer a m-ecla tv: Io Sftilnir O tn: in
fact hIi kinds nf Jobbing. Worn oalled for
and Mun ed Miik up tM llutnnl Tt-le.
phone any time hfoiv V a. v,
;.)' lh Aiki
hrAk ! .J5 -t.! -