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"Wittai -which is Incorporated the "Independent,"
VOL. 1. NO. 74.
HONOLULU. H. I., TUESDAY. AUGUST 13, 1895.
PRICE 5 CENTS.
With which Is Incorporated tho iNDErESD-
Hawaiian Copyright by A. V. Geah,
Juno 22, 1805.
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Address all communications to tho edi
torial department to "Editor Bulletin."
Business letters should be addressed to
"Manager Evening Bulletin."
Tolephono 256. P. O. Box 89.
B. L. FINNEY, Manager.
H. HACKFELD & CO.
Gf.neiuij Commission Aoents.
Oor. Fort and Queen Streets, Honolulu.
LEWERS & COOKE.
iMronTEns and Deaieiib in Lumdek
AND Afcli KINDS OP BuiIiDINO
Manufacturing Jeweler and WATCH
MAKER. Eukui Jewelry a Specialty. Partionlar
attention paid to all kinds of repairs.
Campbell Block, - - Merchant Streot.
HONOLULU IRON WORKS,
Steam Engines, Sugar Mills, Boilers,
Coolers, Iron, Brass and Lead
Machinery of Evory Description Mado
to Order. Partionlar attention paid to
Ships' Blaoksmithing. Job Work ex
ecuted at Short Notice.
Jas. F. Morgan.
AUCTIONEER AND STOCK BROKEU
No. 45 Queen Street.
Export Appraisement of Real
Estate and Furniture.
ALLEN & ROBINSON.
Dealers in Lumber and Coal
and Buildinc Materials of all
Qnobn Rttoot. Honolulu.
C. B. DAVIGHT,
Docs all kinds of Work in
Cement & Stono Sidowalks & Curbing
Ho has on hand a largo nupply of
Chinese Granite Curb and always keops
Hawaiian Curbing Stone. Estimates
given and lowes1 prices assured. Tele
H. G. BIART.
FINK WATCH REPAIRING.
Island Jewblry mado to order,
Sonvonir Spoons, Gold wiro
gW Island orders solicitod.
P. O. Box855;ntO. Gortz'set'ro.
Fort Streot. C2-tf
Real Estate Agents
Notary Public and Accountant
Work promptly attended to.
Oi'i'iOK 11) and Jfi Kaihuninnn
Tolopliono 030. JnM tf
Gained in Strength
Ayer's Sarsaparilla 1
did for the Inralld DntiRhter of n rrom
Inent Lowell Trndemian.
"My danichter had for a long time been
troubled with Tlolcnt headaches and sleep
lessness. Sho was nalo. had no appetite,
and was losing flesh rapidly. Bho took
yarlous remedies for her trouble, but re
ceived no benent until sho commenced using
Ayers Harsapariua. Alter taKinc ha
After taking half n
Dome, sno oegnn to ieei oeiier. jjy a con
tinued use of this medicine, her appetlto re
turned, her cheeks began to nil out and show
eel better. lly a con
telne, her appetlto re
an to nil out and show
rentrth. her henilftr.hns
coior, sue pmneu in strength, her headaches
disappeared, sho slept better, and now says
she feels like a new person." K. P. Coaaics-
riALL, 6 Lyon Bt, Lowell.
Hns Curod Othora, Will Curo You
Haiti by Dr. J. a Ayer 4 Co., Lowell, Mui.,UAA.
Hollister Drag Co., L'd,
Solo Agents for tho Republic ot Hawaii.
Kinau street near Punchbowl
UIGGO JAC0B8EN .
Engrosser - and - Illuminator
Pacific Hardware Co.
S. I. SIIAW, Proprietor.
Corner King & Nuunnu Streets, Honolulu
Choice Liquors and Fino Boor.
PIONEER STEAM CANDY
FACTORY and BAKERY.
Practical Confoctionor nnd Baker,
No 71 Hotol .Streot.
D. J. CASHMAN.
SAIL AND TENT MAKER.
Awnings a Specialty. Oer Cali
fornia Feed Company's store.
Pacific Trading Co.
WHOLESALE AND HETAIL
2Q6 Fort Street.
Book and Job Printer
Morohant Stroot, Honolulu, H. I.
Over Hawaiian News Company's
Book Store. my 13.
CITY DRAYQE Co.
W. F, SHARRATT, Managor
Stand adjoining H. Hackfeld fe
Co., Fort street. General Cart
ing and Drnyago Business dono.
m 7 tf
318 Fort St. - Telophono 01.
(From V, S. Journal M iMUlM.)
Prof. W.ll.l'teke.who rok a nwcltlly of Fpllf pr,
ho without ilmiul treated nd cum) niomcstra tliu
onilt with altriit UiiiMnf liiiliM4iilt)CMtr,frtlu
suy tuflfrrrr who inijr ewl link I'.O.iiml taprrx '!
ilri'M. Wa Klvl iiiynno wl.hlnu curu to 'Wti m,
hut. W. II. I'KKliK, V, H i LV4r hi., Hw Kuik.
a cable atjny cost.
SENATE COiriirUTTEK MEETS CHAM
DEIt OF COltlHEIlCE.
Urn I.nrco ITIuJorltr tho Chamber Ap
proves of the Cabinet's Contract
With Zephanlah 8. Spalding.
Thoro was a meeting of tho
Chnmbor of Commeroo, oponing
shortly after 9 o'clook this morn
ing, to disouss the ocean cablo
contract mndb by tho Govern
ment with Col. Z. S. Spalding.
Thero woro presont: Mr. F A
Schaofer, president, Mr, J B
Atherton, secretary, Messrs P O
Jonos, W F Allen, J F Hackfeld,
H A Parmeloo, J G Spencer, J T
Waterhouae, T J King, J H Puty,
GooW Smith, 0 Bolto, M Hy
man, F W McChosney, F M
Swanzy, W M Giffard, F JLow
rey, T F Lansing, H A Wido
raann, E D Tenney, B F Dilling
ham, Honry E Waity, D B Smith
and Sonator J N Wright of tho
business community; Senators
Schmidt, McCandless, Brown,
Lyman and G N Wilcox, tho
Senate committeo; also Rev S E
Bishop and Mr. J B Aloxander.
Mr. Sohaofor was in tho act of
stating tho objeot of the meeting,
when tho reporters woro request
ed to withdraw until it was de
cided whethor thoy might romain.
A motion was carried to admit
members of tho props, and tho
seorotary invitod them back to
the room. "
Sonator Brown, being asked to
speak for tho committeo, said ho
undorstood the only mattor of
conference between tho Chambor
and tho committoe was as to tho
exclusive franohiso for tho cablo
to San Francisco. Ho presumed
that under this franchise any line
from a country other than North
Amorica would have to make ar
rangements with Col. Spalding's
company for tho transmission of
its niessagos. Tho franchise did
not prohibit a lino coming from
Japan, Australia or South Amorica.
Ho also presumed that if Col.
Spalding did not net the
assistanoo ho wanted from tho
United Statos, then this Govern
ment would pay no subsidy nnd
the contract would become null.
Mr. Jones moved, seconded by
Mr. Hymnn, that the contract en
tered into by the Executivo with
Col. Spalding for a cable bo ap
proved by this Chamber. In
support of tho motion ho said tho
contract was a reasonable ono.
Ho did not know much about
cables, but ho know that it was
a great risk for capitalists to nn
dortako the laying of a cablo bo
twoen here and Sun Francisco.
Evory previous sohomo had failod,
Cooto's, Hartwoll's and others.
Thoy woro very fortunate in hav
ing ono of thoir own townsmen to
mako this offer, rathor than any
body from Australia or any othor
part of tho world. Ho presumed
Mr. Spalding was not going to
do it all himsolf. Some ol tho
torms ho thought ought to bo
changed. For instanco, the pross
ratos wore too high, Ho was not
thoro to represent tho press, but
tho wholo community had an in
terest in getting the news.
Mr. Lowrey was opposed on
prinoiplo to oxolusivo franchises
and thought that tho oxporionco
of many cities was ngninat exclu
sive franohisos. It soomed to him
that a lino running from horu to
tho American opnut hold tho koy
to tho wholo position, It was
not unlikely that hoforo ninny yoiiri
thoro would bo n lino from tho
Unilod H tat oa to Jnpnn, mid pro
bably ono from Cniindu to Aus
tralia. It wan to tho ailvitiitugo
of this oity to havo ns many ca
bles as po.-siblo. Thoy ought not
to block any other linos from com
ing horo. If, on tho othor hand,
it wqb decided to givo them tho
exclusive f ranch iso, ho thought
that it was ontirely out of propor
tion for Hawaii to givo $4.0,000 a
year, bcsidoH froo r'ght of way
and exemptions from taxes and du
ties. If tho oxclusivo franohiso wab
granted thero would bo very little
moro for this little country todo.lt
was out of all reason to ask for
this oxolusivo franohiso and all
thoso other favors besides.
Mr. Jones said that would bo
ail vory woll if thoro woro half a
dozen cable companies knocking
at their door. Thoy woro not co-
ing to como in horo with a grand
Mr. Athorton would go with
Mr. Lowroy to a considerable ex
tent against an oxolusivo fran
ohiso, but thoro wore exceptional
features in the presont enso. Tho
lato Mr. Castlo waB told in Now
York by Cyrus W. Field of tho
first Atlantic cable that Hawaii
could not get a oable without
granting an oxolusivo franchise.
It seemed to him, howovor, that
an exclusive franohiso would bo
worth a great deal of njoney to its
holder. Ho would favor giving
an oxolusivo franohiso without tho
subsidy. If ever thoy obtained
olosor relations with tho United
States, it would bo saddling that
country with $40,000 of additional
Mr. Swanzy thought it was vory
unfortunato that so littlo timo was
given for consideration of Mm
important, suujoui. un mo jiu
inBtj, it was given out that oortain
proposals had been mado by Col.
Spalding, on tho 12th a contract
with thut gontleman had boon
signed, and on the 13th thoy woro
invited to meet with tho Sonnto
committoe. Ho thought this was
railroading legislation with a von
gounce. Moro timo ought to havo
been given to a matter of that
kind. How could a man make
up his miud betwoon eatinp; his
broakfust und 9 o'clock ? They
woro told that until Novombor,
1915, an oxolusivo franchise for
landing cablos on theso islands
from North Amorica was to be
given, and that wo were to pay
S40.000 a year besides all those
things that Mr. Lowrey had
montionod. Thoy wero also
told that tho fulfilment of tho
contract depended on the con
tractor's getting substantial as
sistance irom tho United Statos.
They woro not told what was
that substantial assistance. Tho
Govornmont is to let him hold on
until ho tolls it that the Unitod
States has decidod what she is
going to do. Tho contruct had
a crowd of details of the sizo of
tho cablo, the pressure it should
stand, otc. Ho did not know n
blessed thing about thoso things,
nor did ho think anybody in tho
room know any moro about thorn.
Yet tho Sonato was going to givo
its oonHont to muttors about wuioh
it kuow nothing. It had boon
said that this was tho most business-like
proposition ever offered
and ho did not disputo it. Tho
statemont wns mado in tho Senate
thut $250,000 a veur was exneotod
from tho United Statos. If thoy
got that much subsidy along with
what was asked from this country,
it would bo onough inducement
for companies to orowd in with
oilers. Thoy had tlion nlroiuly
secured intorost of 7 to 10
por cent, and that ought to
bo enough without 20 years' ox
olusivo frauohiHo. Thoro was un
important dlll'oronco in tho oli'or
of Mr. Floming, who said, ''You
oun allow a thousand cablos to bo
landod horo provided you allow
mo to lay ono." It was arguod
tlintr'() or r7 a pound duty on
opium would my tho subsidy.
Thut might ho no, but thoro was
no warrant for paying out $40,
000 a year for 20 years. If tho
country's financial standing was
suoh that it could atiord to givo
promissory notos of $40,000 every
twelve-month for twenty years,
ho was glad to hear it. Yet ho
for ono would baulk. Leave tho
matter to tho noxt regular ses
sion. If t)ioy woro to uo shut up
to placing thomselvos in tho
hands of ono company indeed
ono man to socuro tele
graphic communication with
the rest of tho world, then
lot thorn mako a virtue of neces
sity. Twonty yoars was a long
timo and there may bo a groat
difference in that poriod with re
gard to electric invention, the cost
of cables, thoir resistance of pres
sure, oto. Ho would ask the Se
nate to weigh vory carefullv that
proposition, which thoy had seen
for tho first timo, and in a very
incomplete stato, that morning.
Give tho matter full consideration
until un opportunity was given
foroign governments or foreign
companies, aftor thoy had' boon
iuformod that Hawaii was pre
pared to give $40,000 a year and
tho United States a great amount.
Givo somobndy olso a chance.
Mr Widemnnn was in favor of
a cablo. Wo had beon waiting
sovoral years but had not got ono
becauso wo woro too poor to pay for
it. Tho spoakor gavo an account
of previous oflorts. Now throo
timos as much is offered than ever
before, but will the difference be
twoon $15,000 and $4.0,000 bring
tho cable horo ? An exclusive
franchise had beon offorod in pro
vious oases, and he did not much
objeot to it. That contract was
given to ono man, however, to
shako in tho fucos of people
abroad, and toll them thoy cannot
got a cablo without that papor.
Mr. Giflard briefly put himself
on record against tho contract, on
tho grounds stated by previous
Mr. Haokfold agreed with the
preceding, spoakors against tho
contract, lie consiaoreu it was
enough to offer tho subsidy and
oxomptions thoy wore doing, with
what was oxpocted from tho Unil
od States, without tho oxoludivo
franohiso. Othor cublo compa
nies would havo to mako oonneo-'
tions with this company to .land
their cablos hero from Australia
or China. Twonty years was a long
timo and chuuges canio about
rapidly.Tho contract had a clauso
making it capable of being assign
ed. It was vory likoly thut if tho
contract was ratifiod,we would vory
soon have n foroign corporation to
Sonator Brown remarked that,
from what ho had boon informed
tho cablo would cost 3,500,000,
which would havo to bo raised in
London. Ho understood half of
tho subsides woro to pay interest
on tho outlay, and half to go into
a sinking fund to redeem the
bondH. That was tho only basis
on which tho cablo oould bo built.
Mr. Thurston, being requested
to speak, would stato, in addition
to what Mr. Brown had said, that
tho nvonigo life of n cable was
fiftoon years. Tho cable when
fhippod from London would cost
$2,250,000, to which would havo
to bo added tho cost of a cablo
Bhip. Mr. Fleming's ostimato for
tho Australian cable included two
cablo ships at a coBt of $500,000
each, and it was ostimatod that
ono ship for tho proposed liuo
would cost $300,000. Tho totul
coBt of making and bringing out
the oablp would bo $3,500,000. It
was estimated that tho recoipts
would bo only $100,000 a your.und
to got so much would requiro (10
meHflOgOH u day. (Jul. Spalding
hnd not inonoy to build tho cablo
and none of tho existing coni
pnnloB hud offorod to tnko up the
(Continued on ,ih juiye.)
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