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"With which, is Incorporated the "Independent,"
VOL. 1. NO. 82.
HONOLULU, H. I., THURSDAY, AUGUST 22. 1895.
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ron thk hamd conn or
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soothe tho In
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' I CHERRY I I
SAM, LANGHORNE CLEMENS
"MARK TWAIN'S" ftrCOND VISIT
Sketch of the Fumoun American
IlumorUt Where He Found Ills
l'ou Name Begun am Printer'
Soma jioople have an impros
sion that men of letters, whoso
works have pleased thorn for many
years, maintain porpotual youth.
Those subject to such a
hallucination forgot, except
on their birthdays, that thoy
are growing old thomsolvos, and
their thoughts of authors who bo
guilcd thoir hours many yoars ngo
aro influenced by first impressions
so greatly that thoy cannot divest
thoir favorites net in bodily sight
from the condition of youthful
nes9. Tho jolly and jaunty hu
mor of such men as tho lato H.
W.Shaw ("Josh Billings"), B. P.
Bhillahor ("Mrs. Partington")
and Dr. Oliver "Wondoll Holmes
heightened tho not unploasing
impression roforrod to wliilo thoy
livod. Dr. Holmes indeed to the
last of his groen old ago insisted
on a olaim to juvonility of spirit
that could not bo orushed by the
woight of years. Thus wo think
of "Mark Twain" as ho was whon
his writings first ticklod us about
thirty yoars ago, when he waB a
robust but indolent editor in
Nevada and California. Mr.
Olemonn cannot bo called an old
man now, yet his yoars
have reached tho maturo
figuro of threescore. That
his natural powers of humor aro
as yet unabated, howovor, is well
evidenced by his latest works.
"Pudd'nboad WilBOn" bus featuros
of quaint and andacious humor
not surpassed by anything that
ovor dolightod tho reading public
from his pon. It must not be
takon as offensive to havo indo
lenco imputed to tho oarly dis
position of our Bubjoct, as such
belongs rightly or wrongly to his
roputation. Ono of tho stories
current about his California journ
ulistio career is that he was wont
to lazily stretch himself, on re
ceiving a oall for "copy," and re
mark, "Thoro is nothing that dis
agrees with mo so much us work
ing between meals."
As "Murk Twain" is going to
lecturo horo on Saturday ovening,
if wind and weather shall not do
tain tho good steamship Warri
moo from arrival in duo timo, tho
following skotoh of him from tho
American edition of tho Encyclo
pedia Britannica will be of inter
est to our people:
"CLEMENS, Samuel Lano
iioitNE (Mark Twain), humorist,
born in Florida, Mo. , November
30, 1835. He was educated in
tho village school in Hannibal,
Mo., and was apprenticed to a
pnntor. Aftnr loarning his trade
ho journoyod from town to town
until ho reached New York. Af
torward he wont to Now Orleans,
and booamo u pilot on tho Missis
sippi rivor steamboats. In 18(31 ho
wont to Novuda, as priv.ito socre
tury to his brother, who hud boon
mado secretary of tho Territory.
Ho ongagod in mining in Novuda
und in JBG'2 beoamo city editor of
tho Virginia City Entorpriso. In
18G5 ho wont to Sun Franoisco,
whero ho was ongagod as a ro
portor on tho Morning Cull. Aftor
ozporimontiug in gold-mining, ho
rosumed his work for tho Califor
nia nross, and visitod tho Hawai
ian Islands as nowspnper corres
pondent. Aftor hja return ho do
livored humoroiiH looturos in Cali
fornia and Novndu, and weut to
tho Eaat, whoro ho published
'Tho Jumping Frog and Othor
Skotohos' (Now York, 18G7). Jn
1807 ho wont with a parly of
tourists to tho Mediterranean,
Egypt and Palestine, publishing
on his return 'Tho Inno
cents "Abroad (Hartford, 1869),
of which 125,000 oopios woro
sold in threo years. For a timo
ho edited tho Buffalo (N. Y.)
Kxpross, and nftor his murriago
sottlod in Hartford, Conn., whoro
ho now (1889) resides.
"In 1872 ho lectured in Eng
land, and a London publisher is
sued an unauthorized colloctio
of his writings, in which woro
published skotohos which ho did
not writo. His pen-namo, 'Mark
Twain,' was suggested by tho
familiar cry of tho sailors on tho
Mississippi stoamboats, whero in
Bounding a depth of two fathoms
tho leadsman calls out 'mark
twain!' Among his writings ar
'Roughing It' (Hurtford, 1873);
'Sfcetobes Old and Now;' 'Ad
ventures tif Tom Sawyor,' a story
of boy lifo in Missouri (1870);
Punch, Brothers, Punoh (1878);
A Tramp Abroad' (188G); 'The
SAMUEL L. CLEMENS.
Stolen Whito Elephant' (Boston,
(1882); 'Tho Princo and tho
Pauper' (1882); 'Lifo on tho Mis
sissippi (1883); 'Huoklubnrry
Finn,' a eoqnol to Tom Sawyor
(Now York, 1885). Ho nlso wroto
with Oharloa Dudley "Warner, a
story, 'The Gilded Ago,' whioh
was dramatized and produced in
Now York in 1874, and in 1889
published 'A Yankee at King
Arthur's Court.' Mr. Olomons is
a popular looturor, having up
poarod in various oitios in this
country and Europe' In 1884 ho
established in Now York tho pub
lishing Arm of O. L. Webster &
Co. Mr. Clomons' works havo
been ropublishod in England und
translations have appoarod in
It may bo addod that Mr. Clo
mens1 publishing firm failed on
account of unfortun -to circum
stances, causing sevoro loss to tho
popular humorist. Somo of Murk
Twuin's works havo hcon sharply
criticized for thoir seoming irre
voronco. ilis "Tom Sawyer" was
raked over tho coals by moralists
as tending to mako insubordin
ation and "kid" deviltry horo o.
Perhaps thoHO criticisms wero not
uncalled for, yet Murk Twain will
always bo liked for tho spico ho
has impnrtod to human cxislonco,
and bosides thoir amusing quail
tios his works possess, on tho
whole, u woll-rocognizcd elomont
of good, in their strong showing
up of sundry human conooits and
foiblos that nothing is moro avail
ing to check than koon sutiro.
IN THE POLICE COURT.
Offender Acaltint the Opium and
Liquor Lnua Got It Wliaro the
Chicken Dot the Axe.
If tho presiding justico of tho
District Court would do as well
for tho Ropublio of Hawaii
ovory day as ho has this
morning, Minietor Damon would
not havo to lio awako nights puz
zling his brains as to whoro tho
money to pay Col. Spalding's an
nual subsidy of $50,000 was com
ing from, neither would the goner
al public havo just cause orroason
to grumblo at tho enormous ex
penditures connected with koeping
up tho Attornoy-Goneral and sur
rounding him with tho nccopsary
spies and aoorot service officials
ho now thinks absolutely neces
sary to properly koop up his de
partment. As to Col. McLean
and his littlo army.tho item of $40,
000 a year would ba votod for tboir
maintenance oven quicker than .
the record for fust time now held
by tho late Legislature on the
All this, of oourso, is on tho
prosumption that Judgo Perry
does ns well in tho matter of cash
as ho did this morning, when ho
imposed fines to tho amount of
$405.90 in loss than two hours,
and on iinothor presumption that
tho fines aro paid instead of being
worked out at fifty conts por day.
Tho oasos of Goorgo Hough
taling and Kahaiwanao for selling
liquor without a liconse wore pnt
ovor until tho 'Zbth and that of
Sara Makaiko, obargod with ab
stracting sevon dollars in dimes
and niokels, earned by good solid
hard work on tho part of some of
the poor mules of tho Hawaiian
Tramways Company, and said to
bolong to that enorgetic, rustling
but soulloss corporation, to tho
23rd when J. L. Kaulukoii will
givo the defendant the benefit of
his legal knowlodgo and oxpori
onoe,with tho necessary oloquonco
to properly prosent tho caie
thrown in. Inoidontally, to vary
the monotony of continuances
His Honor granted threo
poor drunks throe minutes of his
Yaluablo timo and only charged
thorn threo dollars each.
Chong Sam, whoso Sunday go
to - mooting name is Soon Fu,
ploadod guilty of running a hash
al ehiefolcrk of tho Interior Depart
ment on the subjoct of tho neces
sary liceuso. Judgo Perry gavo
him a kindergarten losson on tho
samo aftor his ploa wos recorded
and Chong is olovon dollars losor
by tho operation.
Tho star dofondant this week to
appear hoforo tho Court was
Kong Fui. Ho was guilty of
having opium in his possession
and said so unreservedly and
frankly, and ho was probably
smart enough to think ho might
gt a reduction on tho usual $250
hno if ho acknowledged hi3 guilt
no goi nuou zuu ana li for costs.
Kanwuuwa was tried on a
charge of vagrancy and ono wit
noBs tostified that he hud not
dono any work sinco Kalakaua's
time and thot ho got his food
from those that gavo it him. De
fendantgavo no tostimony himself,
consequently the seorot of exist
ing without work iB BtiU buried
in his manly breuBt. Howevor,
taking into consideration the vile
condition of tho lower ond of Fort
Btroot His Honor thought an ox
tra hand on tho work of improv
ing it would bo a woloome addi
tion to the prosont forco. For
tho noxt four months ho will
work for tho Republic of Hawaii
iu rotiirn for a now and fashion
ahlo Huit of olothoH of the stylo at
nroHonl in voguo among tho
hubituos of Jailor Low's hotol ou