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With, "which is Incorporated the "Independent, :
HONOLULU, II. I., SATURDAY. AUGUST 24. 1895. ;C
VOL- 1. NO. 84.
PRTOTO 5 CENTS.
With Which Is Incorporated tho Inuetend-est.
Hawaiian Copyright by A. V. Qur,
Juno 22, 1805.
Published every Jay oxcopt Sundny nt
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Liberal allowanco on yearly and half
Address all communications to tho edi
torial department to "Editor Bulletin."
Business letters should bo addressed to
"Manager Evening Bulletin."
Telephone 260. P. O. Box 89.
B. L. FINNEY, Manager.
H. HACKFELD & CO.
General Commission Agents.
Cor. Fort and Queen Streets, Honolulu.
I LEWERS & COOKE,
J Importehs and Dealers in Lmtiran
and ami kinds op building
MANnFAOTDRINO JEWELER AND WATOrt
MAKER. Kukui Jewelry n Specialty. Particular
attention pniu w uu tuuuo ui iuimio.
Campbell Block, - - Merchant Street.
HONOLULU IRON WORKS,
Steam Engines, Suoab Mills, Bor&sns,
Coolers, Iron, Brass and Lead
Machinery of Evory Description Mado
to Order. Particular attention paid to
Ships' Blacksmithing. Job Work OX'
ecutcd at Short Notice.
Kinau streot near Punchbowl
Engrosser - and - Illuminator
Pacifio Hardware- Co.
Jas. F. Morgan.
AUCTIONEER AND STOCK BROKER
No. 45 Queen Street.
Expert Appraisement of Real
Estato and Furniture.
ft ALLEN & ROBINSON.
5 Doalors in Lninbor and Coal
and Building Materials of all
Qnoon Street. Honolulu.
D. J. CASHMAN-.
BAIL AND TENT MAKER.
Awnings a Specialty. Over Cali
fornia Foed Company's store.
CITY DRAYAQE Co.
TV. F, 6HARRATT, Managor
Stand adjoining H. Hackfeld &
Co., Fort street. Goueral Oart-
ing and Drayago Business done.
m 7 tf
, C. B. DWIGHT,
Does all kinds of Work in
Cement & Stono Sidewalks & Curbing
Ho lias on hand a larffo supply of
J OhincHO Qranito Curb ami always keeps
4 llowaiian Curbing Btonc. LatimnteH
" jfivon nnd Iowch' pricea uubured. Telo
Mr. Geo. TV. Burtner, Keeiletown, Ma.,
writes, aa follow i
Shortly after leinnn college, I mi troubled
with a ikln dlie which iliowed Itielf, Orit, at
tli ankle, l'lijilclant pronounced It ccsema,
and Itemed mo for that comiilalnt. Tlie rup
lion crept elowlr up my limb, and on tlie body,
until It enreloped the whole frame. ItK mo
Infinite trouble with conaUnt Itching, catting oil
of dry scale, and a watery liquid which would
LaLaLawlliABflV HEr Bi
Ki"9ii-r V V-"-- ill
Er -Ji. WW
aKsj? i'mmV ,IL
aavaW 1 HaV
exnds from tinder the icale. I treated It for
oyer three yean nnincccMIullr. and wai nnable
to check It, until I began unlng Ayere Sanapa
rllla. I nted three bottle of tbli medicine and
was completely cured ray akin becoming a
amooth and clear at before."
Haa Curod Othora, Will Curo You
Made by Dr. J. C. Ayer A Co., Lowell,M.,U.8JU
Hollister Drag Co., L'd,
Sole Agcnta for tho Ropnblio of Hawaii.
EDMUND P. DOLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
318 Fort St. - Telephono 91.
S. I. SHAW, Proprietor.
Corner Kins A Nuunnu Street, Honolulu
Choice Liquors and Fino Boor.
PIONEER STEAM CANDY
FACTORY and BAKERY.
Practical Confoctionor ond Bakor,
No 71 Hotel Streot.
H. G. B1ART.
FINE WATCH REPAIRING.
Island Jewelry mado to order,
Souvenir Spoons, Gold wiro
W Island orders solicited.
P. O. Bos 355; nt 0. Gortz's store
Fort Streot. 62-t
Real Estate Agents
Notary Public and Accountant
Work promptly attended to.
Office 13 nnd 15 Kanhumnnn
Telephone G39. jnl4 tf
r. 0. JONES.
E. A. JONES.
HAVE FOR SALE
A Few Shares of
Pnlti Sugar Stock,
Iliiwniiiiu Sutrur Co. Stock,
Hawaiian Government and 1st
Mortgage Sugar Planta
tW For particulars apply to
Tho Hawaiian Snfo Doposlt &
0V Vort Street ... llouolulu
GOOD OLD DAYS OF YORE.
When Taxes Were Payable With
AND AltltOWKOOT, COTTON AMD
HUOAR AVElti: ACCKl'TAIILE.
A Clinptor on the Duties of Wo
men aud Another on Police
Much interesting reading, as
well ns much information ns to
tho laws and customs which pro
vailed in the Hawaiian Islands from
fifty to sixty years ago, may bo
obtained by carefully perusing
the pages of what is known as tho
Hawaiian Blue Book, whioh con
tains the first printed translation
of tho old laws in oxistonce pro
vious to tho meeting of tho first
legislature in 1845. This littlo
book was printed at Lahuinalunu,
on the island of Maui, in 1842.
In his preface to the book tho
translator Bays moBt of the laws
were of quito recent duto, some
of them being enacted, howover,
as far back as 1833, while others
had their origin us early as 1823.
Tho syBtom of common law con
sisted partly in ancient taboos
and partly in the praotioos of tho
celebrated ohiofs as handed down
by tradition, but in 1842 tho
principles of the Biblo wero fully
adopted. Some of the laws con
tained in tho volume wero first
proposod by foreign visitors and
commanders of vessels of war,
somo wero proposed by foreign
residents and consuls. Several
of tho original laws were writton
by David Mnloj noarly all tho
laws on tho subject of taxation
wore written by Boaz Mahune
and tho first drafts of othors by
Timothy Koawoiwi, Daniel Ii and
Tho first two chapters of this
interesting little book are devoted
to tho Constitution and declara
tion of rights of the pooplo and
chiefs, promulgated by Kameha
moha III., and tho not creating
the House of Nobles and tho man
nor of electing tho eovon repre
sentatives who wore graciously
permitted to sit with them.
The third chapter deals with
tho important subjoot of taxation,
then as now one of tho highest
consideration. Taxoswereof three
kinds, poll, labor and land.
That portion respecting poll tax
reads as follows
RESPECTING THE TOLL TAX.
There shall bo two forms of taxation in
the Hawaiian Kingdom. Tho ouo of n poll
tax to bo paid in money, and the other a
land tax to bo paid in BWine; or these shall
be the standard of taxation, though in
failuro of thetse articles, other property will
be received. Tho amount of poll tax shall
bo as follow, i
For a Man, ono dollar.
For a Woman, half a dollar.
Tor a Boy, ouo fourth of a dollar.
For a Girl, ono eighth of a dollar.
This is tho ratio of taxailon for adults
and children above 14 years of ago. But
feeble old mon and women shall not bo tax
od at nil. In the back part of tho islands
whoro ruonoy is difficult to be obtaiuod
Arrow root will bo a suitable substitute.
Thirty-three pounds of good arrow root will
b taken for a dollar. Cotton also is an
other suitable article, sixteen pounds will
be accounted equal to a dollar. Bugar is
nuother suitable article, also nets. If any
individual do not obtain the money at tho
timo when every man is to pay his tuxes,
and If ho do not obtain nrrow root, nor
sugar, nor uots until the Hpccilied months
for payment aro passed, viz. October,
.November ana uccumDcr, tneu every mini
shall be llnod tho value of two dollars (if
hi tux is not paid) and the samo rates of
increase shall be obsened in relation to
those whose taxot aro less thau that of a
muu. The lino shall bo paid in some pro
erty that can 1h sold for tho value of two
dollars, but not in property subject to Im
mediate decay or death.
TJir. LAND TAX.
This was pnyablo in swine at
tho following rates for onoh plan
tation, bat it is expressly provided
that thero should bo no state,
county, town or district tux:
A largo farm a swino one
A smaller ono a swino three
A very small ono a swino ono
If not a fathom swine, then 10
If not a throe oubit swino, thon
If not n yard swine, then C dol
lars. Failuro to pay this tax rosultod
in tho porson at fault being dis
possessed of tho land,. which was
thon given to somo ono olso. For
tho purposo of clearness and
equality in taxation it waB
provided in caso of diBngrooment
betwoon the tax officer and tho
ownor of tho Bwine as to its size
that it should be woighed at tho
following standard: a fathom
swino to bo cons'.dorod as weigh
ing 333 pounds, a threo - cubit
swino 250 pounds and a yard
swine 1G7 pouuds.
Or THE LABOR TAX.
This portion of tho tax law evi
dently took the placo of an oldor
ono, for it proscribes that here
after a tax in labor shall not bo
roquirod on evorv week in the
month. It provides that on two
weeks labor shall be done for His
Majosty tho King and also tho
landlords, and two weoks tho
people shall have wholly to them
solves. Tho first weok in tho
month tho people shall work
two days for tho King
and one for tho landlords;
tho socond weok in tho month
they shall work ono day for His
Majosty tho King, and two days
for the landlords, and tho next
two week 8 tho pooplo shall havo
to themsolvos. TIiobo who did
not go to, tho public labor of the
King and landlords woro finod a
half a dollar a day. If a man was
late in tho morning ho was fined
one eighth of a dollar, or a rial as
it was called in thoso days, aud if
ho did not show up until dinner
timo he was fined 25 cents. If tho
fino accruod on tho King's day it
was payable to him, but if on tho
landlord's day tho latter got tho
bonofit of it. Thoro woro two
seasons of Test on labor days, one
for broakfast and tho othor for
dinner. If ono remained idle
whilo tho rest wore at work
his fino was two days'
work at somo othor labor. Only
really idlo and lazy peoplo woro
Provisions woro also mado for
paronts with numerous familios
and the infirm, in tho shape of
n reduction in tho amount of labor
and also in tho monoy tax.
They had no uso for idlers in
thoBO days as tho following ox
tract will Bhow: "As for the
idler, lot the industrious put him
to shame and Bound his namo
from ono ond of tho country to
tho othor. And ovon if they
should withhold food on account
of his idlonoss, thoro shall bo no
condemnation for thoso who thus
troat idlors. If a landlord or n
chief should give entortainment
to such a sluggard, ho
would thereby bring shamo on
tho industi ions. For threo months
tho tenants of him who thus on-
torlains tho sluggard shall bo
freod from labor lor their land
lord. Such ib tho punislimont of
him who befrionds tho sluggard.
Lot him obtain liin food by labor.
In anothor pago tho following
appears: "And lioro is a word of
ndvioo for industrious landholders,
tenants, sub-tenants, servants of
chiofs, porsoua having no land,
and vagrants. According to this
book it is bout to havo one, and
ono only fixed bupincHe, and to
engage in it with high hopes in
Him who aids us by tho ruin from
Heaven. Such n course would bo
u benefit to all who live nnd labor
in our kingdom."
THE BUSINESS OK FEMALES.
A speciul section is dovotod to
fomnles, and their busiuess is
defined in tho following torms:
"This Is Hie appropriate business ot
all the females of these litande, tic
teach the children to read, cipher and
write, aud other branches of learning,
to subject tho children to good parental and
school laws, to guide the children to right
behavior, and place them In schools, that they
may do better than their parents. But If the
paronts do not understand rcadlnc, then let
them commit the Instruction of their children
to those who do understand It, and let tho
parents support the teacher; Inasmuch ns thej
feel an Interest In their children, let them feel
an Interest In the teacher too. But if any
woman do not conduct according to the
requirements of this section, then let her
return to the labor of her landlord as In
former times, to such labor, however, as Is
appropriate to women Tho tax otllcern will
look to and manage this buslneis."
CHIEFS AND LANDLORDS.
Tho business of tho ohiofs and.
landlords is laid down in those
"Yo ohiofs of tho nation, re
iloct well on theso fundamental
laws of tho kingdom. From this
timo chango your course of pro
cedure. A chango in accordance
with this law will bo both moro
just and be really better for your
selves. Tho multitudo of peoplo
who live with us in idleness, or do
hut littlo, whioh wo falsely Bup
posod to " bo a businoss stylo or
living, let that coaso."
"Refleot woll, all yo landlords
of tho Kingdom, on all tho regu
lations of this law, lest you be
dispossessed, according to the
principles of the eleventh soction.
Soarch for your wealth on your
own labor days, soarch out such
kind of buBinesB as will enrich
tho country and thoso tenants who-
livo upon tho lands under your
that tho high and tho low may bo
under tho liko subjection to tho
sumo laws enaoted by the chiofs
for tho protection of the kingdom."
POLICE OFFICERS AND CONSTABLES
One of tho oarliost laws promul
gated was that relating to police
officers and their duties. It was
pnssod at a Council of tho Nobles
held at ijatiaina, juaui, on tho
10th of November, 1810, and
went into effect on tho first of
January, 18-11. It specified that
the govornors of tho islands shall
appoint constables for tho protec
tion of tho pooplo and'
villages nnd provides that
they shall wear a badgo, which
shall bo a littlo stick, with tho
namo ot tho king at tho lop of it.
ConBtablos wero given one fourth
of tho finos loviod, and if thoy re
colvod a bribo from any arrested
party they woro fined four times
the amount of tho bribe.
Would BUHce permit much more'
might bo written on this interest
Titer Got Left.
Tho following had engaged pae
sngj by the Monowai in addition
to those mentioned in theso
columns a few days since: H M
Mott-Smith, O A Marshall, CH
Ball, B V Porter, Mrs Dr Woodi
and child, H Markey, Wm Hoogs,
P A Moshor and D G Oamarinos.
Mr. Ilobortson had occasion to
consult a volurao of English
ohauoery roports in the Law Lib
rary, and found its pages sealed
with tho groat Boal of a wasp's
mutt nouso on us iront eugo.
Porhapa tho yellow jacket "bund
ed butter than it know" this timo.
Tho Christian church on Alakca
street will not bo roady for occu-
pauoy yet awhile, a roport in a
contemporary that it would be -opened
tomorrow to tho contrary,
notwithstanding. Tho glous for
tho windows hus not yot arrivod
from Ban Francisco, it is turn
ing out to bo a tasteful looking