Newspaper Page Text
' ,... ' : - .. ..
"With which, is Incorporated the "Independent,"
VOL. 1. NO. 96.
HONOLULU, H. I., SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 7. 1895.
PRICE 5 CENTS.
With which Is Incorporated tlio INDEPEND
ENT. Hawaiian Copyright by A. V. Gear,
Juno 22, 1805.
rubllshod ovory day oxcopt Sunday nt
009 Kinff Strcot, Honolulu, H. I.
Per Month, any where in tho Ha
waiian Islands 8 75
Per Year. 8 00
Por Year, postpaid t6 Amotion,
Canada, or Moxico 1000
Por Year, postpaid, other Foreign
. Countries 13 00
Pnyublo Invnrlufolv In Advnuco.
I Advertisements unaccompanied by
fpccillc instructions inserted till ordered
Advertisements discontinued beforo
cxphatlon of specilled period will bo
charged ns if continued for full torm.
Liberal allowanco on yearly and half
Address nil communications to the edi
torial department to "Editor Bulletin."
Business lettors should bo addressed to
' "Manager Evening Bulletin."
Telephone 250. P. O. Box 89.
B. L FINNEY, Manager.
AND PILES CURED BY
Mr. "V7. Jemkwos, Adelaide, S. A., formorly
of Hawthorn, neu Melbourno,
"For tlio pasts or 4 years. T have been a
5 Kit suITerer from rheumatism nnd piles.
Mod all sorts ot medicines, but derived
no good Irom them. I chanced to read one
ot your books and thought I would clve
your Sursuparilta a trial. I did so, and alter
taking one bottle I felt better, and after
Liking 4 bottles I was a new man. I was
sorry I never took It before, for it would
havo saved mo very much pain. "
Has cured othor3, will euro you,
llado by Dr. J.C.Ajer & Co., Lon clI.Mau ,U.SjL
Hollister Drug Co., L'd,
Solo Agonts for tho Kepublio ot Hawaii.
C. B. DWIGHT,
Does nil kinds of Work in
Cement & Stone Sidewalks & Curbing
Ho has ou hand n largo supply ot
Chinese Granite Curb and always keops
Hawaiian Curbing Stone. Estimates
given nnd lowes prices assured. Tele
D. J. CASHMAXT.
i SAIL AND TENT MAKER.
Awnings a Specialty. Over Cali
fornia Food Company's store.
EDMUND P. DOLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
318 Fort St. - Telephone 91.
S. I. SHAW, Proprietor.
Corner King Nuuanu Streets, Honolulu
Choice Liquors and Fine Boor.
K CITY DRAYQE Co-
W. F, SHARRATT, Manager
Stand adjoining H. Hackfeld &
Co., Fort Btroet. General Cart
ing and Drayago Business done.
r in 7 tf
SOME VERY BLUE LAWS.
Good Advice Given in Some of the
ciUAiiitKi.sojni: iwakiued cobpies
PUT I.V IHONS KVEIIY KIGIIT.
inlcrcfttliic ExtrncU From llio Old
Louiiflii School Itcijtilnlton, ITInr-
At the reqnrst of many readers
of tho Bulletin who wero inter
ostod in tbo oxtracts published
from the Hawaiian Bine Book in
this papor two weoks sinco, tho
writer has prepared a further
synopsis undor appropriate head
ings of others which it is hoped
may prove oven nioro intoroating
than that already published.
The old Hawaiian law provided
that tho landlord could tuboo or
appropriate to himsolf ono kind
of timber. If one cut tabooed
timber ho had to give one-half of
it to tho landlord. His Majesty
Kamohameha HI tabooed all
sandalwood for himself. With
his permission, howovor, it could
be cut, but he reserved two-thirds
of what wob out for his own pro
fit. Tho fine for felling trees
larger than a man could clnBp
with both arms or breaking down
smull uhootB of sandalwood waB
ono hundred rafters oaoh fivo feet
long. It as oxpressly forbiddon
to kindle fires in the mountains,
and tho punishment for ao doing
ran from n small fine to two years
and a half at hard labor. j
BEQULATION OP 8CH00LS.
The preamble to tho statute for
tho regulation of schools states
that tho baaos on which tho
Kingdom rests is wisdom and
knowledge. Poaco and tranquilli
ty cannot well prevail in the
land, unless tho pooplo nio taught
in lettors, and in that which c in
stitutes prosperity. If tho chil
dren are not taught, ignorance
must bo perpetual. The school
law provided that whenovor a
village contained fifteen or moro
children botweon tho ages of four
and fourteen years, it was tho
duty of the parents to select n
school committee ot tnree ana
secure a toaoher whose wages
wore u greed on botweon them or
sometimes the teacher was given
the US3 of a certain portion of
land instead. The land was
givon to tho teacher, but when
he stopped teaching it rovorted to
tho govornment. Toachors wero
oxempt from all oxcept poU taxes,
and tho ohildren wore requirod to
bo generous to them and aid them
by working on thoir land. Parents
of childron from four to eight
years of ago who did not compel
thom to go to school wore not
exempt from tho labor tax as they
otborwiso would hnvo been,
neither wero thoy allowed to cut
tirabor or fish. "Those people
have a preference for darkness,
thoreforotho taboos of those times
of darkness apply to them," says
tho law in its peculiar phraseolo
gy. In cases of childron ovor
oight yoars of ago not uttonding
school both wero punished. It
was illogal for the teachers to
hinder thoso of their pupils who
desired to enter tho marriago
rolution. Tho law provides
that no ono born sinco tho com
moncomont of tho roign of Liho
liho (K.III) who did not under
stand reading, writing, geography
and arithmetic should hold any
oflico over anothor or marry.
Tho laws of tho State of Moasa
chusotts on tho regulation of
woights and measures wero
adopted as thoso of tho Hawaiian
kii gclom on Novcml or 12th, 1849,
at Lahiini,Haui,',ho thoncapitol.
MAIUtlAOE AND DIVORCE.
On the foil wing day a law of
marriage and divoroo was pro
mu'gated. It legnlizos all single
marriuges ox sting at the tim ,
whether onterod into by tho ox-
isting law established from tho
time of Kaahumanu down
or by tho customs of tho country
but prohibits any moro of the lat
ter. Among other things men
tioned in this law is some good
ndvico to thoso about to many, in
tho following words:
"If two persons wish to marry,
it is not proper to net hastily, but
proceed cautiously, in order that
one may become ncquuintod with
the character of the othor, lest
difficulties ariso after mairiago
"Furthermore, it is improper
for an old woman to marry a buy,
and also for an old man to marry
a girl, bat it is peculiarly proper
that their agos be neur alike.
"Whoreforo it shall be the duty
of school touchers and also of
thoso priests who solemnize
marriages to instruct mou and
women in theso particulars."
Boys undor fourtoen and g'rls
uuder twelve wero fnrbiddou to
marry, or thoao who failed to
soouro a writton divorce from
formor husband or wifo together
with tho consent of tho governor.
Boys under twonty and girls un
der eighteon had to obtain thoir
parents consent to marry if thoy
wero living. A list of twenty
eight fomalo rotations is given
which it was unlawful for a man
to marry, while the list of male
rotations forbidden to females
numbered but twonty-five. Do
sertors from ships and any person
landing in the islands without
tho consont of tho governor wore
forbidden to marry. A foreigner
was required to reside in tho isl
ands two yoars, tako tho oath of
allegiance to tho King and ex
hibit ovidonco that he had no
other wifo living boforo being
allowed to marry hero. Permis
sion of tho governor had to be ob
tained before tho priest could per
form the ceremony.
The chuptor on tho duties of
husbands and wivos, and of di
vorco will boar roprinting.
"It is tho duty of all persons
who nro married in accordance
with tho laws of tho land to livo
in poaco and observe tho vows
whioh they mado at tho timo of
thoir marriage. But as for the
persons who regard not their
vows, the following laws are for
"1. If ouo party conducts im
properly and forsakos her hus
band or his wife, then they shall
bo brought to trial, and if it ap
pears that the forsaking party was
highly criminal, he shall be fiuod
at the discretion of tho judgos,
but not moro than ton dollars. If
dsortion ogain tako place after
tho fine, then tho fino shall be
doubled for each new desertion,
even to the farthest oxtont. But
if tho judgos porceivo that a wo
man is in spooial danger on ac
count of tho frequent assaults of
hor husband, it shall be proper
to confino that man with irons at
tho diBorotion of the judges and
in proportion to the d.uigir of the
"2, If a husband and his wifo
quarrel, and one assault and bout
the othor; or do anything olse by
whioh a wound is inflicted, they
shall then be brought to trial and
punished according to the aggra
vation of tho offense, bnt not moro
than othors who commit as
saults. "3. If two married persons do
not live happily together, but
quarrel often and bocomo famous
for tho same, and also disregard
thoir marriage vows, thoy shall
then be brought to trial, and be-
I ing convioted of tho charge they
shall both be confined in irons.
They shall bo confined separately,
not together, and shall bo con
fined at night only, and in
the morning shall bo sot at
liberty to go whoro thoy
please, but at night shall
bo confined again, and shall bo
confinod overy night until they
"4. If tho husband sail to a
foreign country, nnd sho remains
four years without lioarin-,' of his
being alive, nor anything re
specting his return, it shall thon
be proper for tho woman to apply
to the governor, who will givo
her a written permission to marry,
aftor which sho may murry an
other husband. But if hor formor
husband roturns, ho is her hus
band still, tho now husband must
bo put away.
"5. If a man or woman bo
banished to anothor islund for a,
period of four yoars or moro, thon
ho or sho is dead in the estima
tion of tho law.
"6. If anyone return from tho
place ot his banishment and find
his companion married, the per
son so returned may mako appli
cation to tho governor, who will
watch his ohuracter for ono year,
and if ho livo a moral lifo and is
fuultloss thon ho may marry
"7. If a married person bo
afllictod by tho inconstancy of
his or her companion, (who
has been convioted of adultery)
and on thnt account his or her
mind is mado up to separato for
lifo, then ho or sho may apply to
tho governor who will givo a bill
of divorco, after which ho or she
(the innocent party) may marry
again. But if the two persons
are noarly of tho same charaotor,
tind it is not oloar that ono is
much better than tlio other, then
tho governor shall rofuso, thoy
shall not be divorced. If ono is
of unblemished character, and his
companion commits adultory,
thoy and, they only can be di
vorcod. "8. Ifa man become exoeoding
ly angry with his wife, or a
ffoman with hur husband, and the
angry party attempts to take the
lifo of thoither, and tho juilges
percoivo that tho life of the inno
cent porson is clearly in dangor,
then a bill ol divorccmont shall
he givon to tho innocent party.
who may marry agnin. But tho
guilty person shall by no means
marry until death.
"9. If a man nnd his wife are
separated for lifo, ond have chil
dron, but disagree in rolation to
tho child or ohildren, thon tho
judges shall decido tho enso and
givo their support to tho inuocont
"This law shall go into effect
on the first day of January, in th
year of our Lord 1841, at all
Lplacos in tho Hawaiian Islands."
A law prohibiting reviling,
swearing and slander contains tho
following peculiar phrase alogy:
j f any man is not rospoctod and
beloyed it is a great misfortune
to him; ho cannot enjoy peuco and
happiness when ho is thought to
bo a bad num. nor can a man bo
happy, or well refrain from angor
even to Bin whon one spoaks to
him in reviling language, whore
fore this law is passed for tho
protection of people's good namo.
"If ono shall revue another
with an evil intent, in order to
mako him odious or angry, tho
porson doing this shall suitor the
shumo of irons ut tho discretion
of tho judges, but not exceeding
one month. So also shall tho man
bo punished who swears at an
other with an evil intent."
Tho law regarding vagrants re
cites that "indolence is a crime
involving tho host intorosts of tho
state. JiiYon m days of old it was
considered a crime and at the
prosont tirao it ih poifootly clear
that it is a downright mis
domeanor. "Tho punishmont
for vagrants waB throo months ut
bard labor, tho samo as now.
A law respecting parontnldutios
says that "it is a groat misfortune
to childron not to bo woll taken;
caro of, nor is tho misfortune
theirs only, tho nation alsosuffers
for beforo many ypars tho parents
will all bo gone, and all tho busi
ness will bo devolvod upon the
childron, not merely tho busmen?
of husbandry, but that of govern
Tho following is from a law to
promote tho quiet of tho night :
"Wnerons, it has boconm
a real ovil that many per
sous by making loud noise in
tho night so disturb the rest
of quiot porsons that thoy cannot
Bleepand whereas innocent per
sons are thus mado to sufl'or
through the fault of tho guilty
All loud hallooing and
other noise by night are uboo
If ono call loudly to another by
night, after nino o'clock, and
thnt too without good reason for
thus c tiling or mako a noiBO
without u reasQU for it, or sound
un instrument unnecesBarily, thutt,
man commits a fault, and shall be
fined from ono to five dolhrs, ac
cording to tho magnitude of hih?
offense, and if the polico officert-i
or judges think it nocossary to
confino him in prison till morn
ing, they may do it."
Drunkenness on tho stroots waB
prohibited. Anyone who wenr
through the streets riotously,
abusing those who foil in his wayr
was fined six dollars in money oc
property of tho same valuo. In
default of tho payment thoroof, he
was either whipped twenty-four
lashes, condemned to lubor ono
month or imprisoned for the
same poriod. If he broke
dowu a fonco ho was fined one
dollar extra for every Bix feet of
fenco destroyed. It would np
poar from this that tho breaking
down ot fencos waB a favorite
pastime in those days.
A statute of 1842 repenlod tho
government tnxeR on small farms
whioh was formorly a one fathoa.
swine, 40 kapaB, 40 pans, 1 dog
80 fathoms of fish lino and a fish?
net 800 meshes in longth, and
substituted ono requiring the
paymout of only ono swine of half
tho formor length.
Thore woro Iuwb respecting,
debtors, partnerships, tho hiring,
of labor, vessels in tho harbor, one
to promoto tho quiot of tho night,,
gambling, forgery and many
other matters, all of which
contain the samo cardinal
principles of tho laws oi
other civilized nations, but
make interesting reading on uc
count of tho quaint manner ir
whioh thoy are oxprossed and the
poculiar puuishmonts mllioted.
G. It. Harrison, practical piano
and organ mo kor and tuner, can.
furnish best factory reforonoea.
Orders left ut Hawaiian News Co.
will recoive prompt attention. All
work guarantoed to bo tbo simo
as dono in faotory.
Correspondents of tho Bulletin
dhould hand in their communica
tions early in tho day to insure
publication. All display adver
tisements should bo sent to the?
business office boforo noon of pacha
day. Reading and "By Author
ity" notices may bo sont in anj
timo up to 2 p. m.
Ladies on tho othor Islands can
do thoir shopping by post by
applying to L. B. Kerr fox.
sarapleB. They should embraco
this opportunity, und got a singlo
yard at wholosalo prices.