Newspaper Page Text
'l M ,
"With, which is Incorporated the "Independent,"
VOL. 1. NO. 104.
HONOLULU, H. I., TUESDAY. SEPTEMBER 17, 1895.
PRICE 5 CENTS.
"With which Is Incorporated tho Independ
ent. Hawaiian Copyright by A. V. Gear,
Juno 22, 1805.
Published ovory day excopt Sunday at
GOO King Street, Honolulu. 1L I.
Per Month, nnywhero in tho Ha
waiian Islands 9 70
Per Year. 8 00
Per Year, postpaid to America,
- Canada, or Mexico 10 00
Per Year, postpaid, other Foreign
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Payables Invariably In Advance
I Advertisements unaccompanied by
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expiration of specified period will bo
charged as if continued for full term.
Liberal allowance on yearly and half
Address all communications to tho edi
torial department to "Editor Bulletin."
Business lcttors should bo addressed to
"Manager Evening Bulletin."
Tolcphono 1250. P. O. Box 89.
B. L. FINNEY, Manager.
RESTORED TO HEALTH
BY THE USE Or
Mr. M. A. Cummlnjr, of Ynrrnvlllo,
Victor In, Australia, ij!
"About a year ago, I had severe attack
of Influenza, which left mo very weak, with
out energy, appetite, or Interest In life. Ob
taining little or no relief from doctors, or
from tho many remedies i ecommended to mo,
I finally tried Ayer's Sarsaparilla, and from
that time, I began to gilu health and strength.
V S ii "-!
X continued the treatment until fully recov
ered, and now havo very great pleasure la
telling my frlcndi of the merits of A er's Sar
saparilla, and tho hpppy results of its use. 1
consider it the best blood-purlOor known."
Haa cured othora, will euro you.
Mado by Dr. J. O. Ajer & Co., Lowell,Man.,U.8,A.
Hollister Drag Co., L'd,
Solo Agents for tho Republic of Hawaii.
EDMUND P- DOLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
;318 Fort St. - Telepbono 91.
128 & 130 FORT STREET.
Blacksmithing in All Its Branches.
Ordors from the other Islands in Build.
int', Trimming, Painting, etc., etc.,
Promptly nttonded to.
W. W. WHIUIIT, Proprietor.
(Successor to G. West)
6. It. Ilun-ison, practical piano
and organ mo kor and tunor, can
furnish best factory rcforonces.
Ordors left ut Huwaiiuu News Co.
will receive prompt nttontion. All
work guurantoed to bo tho sarao
as dono in factory.
"29i)" is tho number most fre
quently called over the tolephono
wiros. It rings up the United
rDAimiAuK Company's stand, whore
wuporior Hacks, with safe and
courteous drivors, nro always to
bo found. A complote livory
outfit, including buggies and wag
gonettos, furnished at tho short
.V?irHi.3fJw;rii.j!jC Y 1
GENERAL GLEANING DAY.
ALL HONOLULU TO HE WHITE
WASHED AT OJiCI,'.
People 'W 111 have to Expone nil
Clothes to the Sun nnd Air a
Last night tho adjourned moot
ing of suiitary inspootors wob'
bold in Garter & Kinney's oifico
with n good attendance. John
F Colburn presided, and Thoo
P Sovorin tctod us secretary.
Judge Coopor, Itnv Dr Hyclo, Dr
J K Smith, Lorrin A Thurston,
Col J H Fiebor, Brothor Fionk,
Captain Camara, Oharlos L Hop
kins, F J Lowrey, C B IV ploy, J
K Kaulia, S K Kano, Oharlos B
Wil.on, C T Wilder, W Sims, R
N Boyd, Prinoipal Richards,
Joseph Mnrsdon, J A Low, A V
Gear and a number of othira were
Secretary Sovorin road tho ro
prrt of tho committno appointed
at tho morning session to look into
tho mattor of disinfectants, as
"Your cominitteo appointed to
ascertain what quantity of disin
fectants could be obtainod in Ho
nolulu beg to report that wo have
made careful inquiry and find
that thcro is no lime available at
present. Tho 30 barrels on hand
with tho Board of Houlth autho
rities aro required as a resorvo for
special use, and will havo to bo
returned to tho party from which
they wore borrowed out of tho 150
barrels which aro expected to ar
rive shortly by s tiling vessol.
From 50 to 90 barrols will bo tho
probable output from tho burning
of the lime kiln. Any quantity
of commercial sulphuric acid is
availablo; 200 lbs. sulphnto of
zinc, 700 lbs. bluostono, 150 lbs.
oxalic acid, 1000 lbs. briinstono,
800 lbs. powdered sulphur, a largi
amount of ' Disinfectino' and
' Orooline,' 25 lbs. permanganate
of potash, 14 lbs. bichlondo of
mercury. The majority of the
physicianB consulted by tho oom
mitteo recommond tho last men
tioned (bichloride of mercury) as
tho only disinfoctant valuublo for
such a disinfecting wash as would
bo roqmreu lor cioansing wniib
and floors, although a number of
them considtred sulphuric acid,
'Dinisfoottno,' ' Oreoline,' crude
carbolic ueid and permanganate
of potash os gocd.
"A. v. UEAU,
L. A. Thurston rond a special
roport on tho gnnoral subject of
disinfection. Tho report statod
that at a meeting of tho Board of
Hoalth held on Sunday there
seomod to be a unanimity of feel
ing that, whilo tho cholera was
now well in hand, so long rb tho
sourcos of infection remained,
there was dangoi of renewed out
breaks at intervals, which would
continue tho necessity for quaran
tine and inspection, and the
injury to business aud menace to
lite. It scorned also to bo agreed
that tho two main sources of pro
bable oontagtou now oxisting woro
(1) tho water in cortiin localitios
and (2) infected clothing and
Tho oomraittoo glvo roaBonb for
considering infected clothing nnd
buildings dangorous, stating that
among the lorgo numbor of cases
concealed until after death, tho
clothing and tho personal bolong
ings of the deceased havo in most
instancos boen concealed, mani
festly for tho purposo of prevent
ing tl.oir destruction. The fuot
that this clothing has boon scat
tered about tho town is undoubt
edly ono of the can sob of tho
isolated and otherwise unaccoint
od for casos in localities entirely
separated from any infection.
Tho oommitteo" had consulted
tho Citizens' Sanitary Committeo
and tho inspectors noting in con
junction with thorn; us woll ns
others, and this report had their
Among othor matters which
had come to the committee's at
tention was tho fact that during
the past two wooks a largo major
ity of tho casos had originated
west of the Nuuauu stream and
makai of tho lino of School street,
and, with a fow excoptions, nil of
tho cusos during tho Inst five days
had originated in tho Palnma and
Kulihi section of the town Theio
hud been considerub'e discussion
of tho propriety of strictly quar
antining thut section and allow
ing no ono to como out for a givon
poiiod. Tho conclusion was roach
od, however, that this had hotter
not boattomiit'd for three reasons.
1. The Board of Health had
already oithor dostroyed or dis
inlected buildings in which oho
lora patients hid beon looated,
and removed from Waipilopilo
and plucod in quarantino the en
tiro sottlomeut of more than 00
2. Tho comm'ttoe describo
how the Fulama section is tho
most difficult ono in town to eflec
tually quarantine. There aro no
natural boundary lines for quar
antining tho infecttd torntory
without including what had not
3. For tho last four or fivo
days all of tho casos had come
from two or three buildings.
Tho committeo wero informed
on medical authority thut the
cholera gorms could not survivo
moro than a few hours of sunlight
nor more than twenty-four hours
of absolute drynoss, and that the
application of a considerably
diluted solution of lime or. other
disinfectant was eufficiont to
destroy tho gorms.
In lieu of a quarantino, tho
committoo recommended that a
day bo set apart for u universal
houso cleaning and sunning of
tho contents of ovory dwelling
houso in tho city, and the dis
infecting by tho uso of limo and
other disinfectants of the infected
portions of tho oity, and so much
of tho remainder thereof as dis
infectants at tho disposal of tho
Board will roaoh.
It was proposed to accomplish
this seemingly herculean tusk by
having every housoholder and
porson in town disinfect his own
premiHes ana uoiongings on a
given dty. If sufficient lime or
other disinfectants woro available,
tho oommitteo would reoomniond
thut tho disinfecting procossbo ap
plied to tho wholo city. All tho lime
availablo, howovor, was 30 barrols
in tho hands of tho Boaid of
Hoalth, and about 50 barrels
nowly burned by E. B. Thomas.
That gontlemon would havo no
more availablo befuro next Sun
day. About 150 barrols is ox
pected by tho bark Andrew Welch
now about duo, but sorao of this
would not bo avuilable. As to
othor disinfectants tho committeo
refer to tho foregoing statement.
Soino had argued that it was
not best to do any disinfecting
until there was enough disinfect
ing materinl to cover tho whole
town at onco. The committeo
thought it moro advisable to pro
ceed with tho sunning and clean
ing proposition ut onco, and use
what disinfectants woro availablo
at tho points most infooted.
Thoy woro givon to understand
that tho host availablo disinfect
ants for cholora gorms, in tho
ordor of effioioncy, wore limo,
corrosive sublimate and sulphurio
acid, the lust roquiring to bo of con
siderable strongth. Tho quantity
of lime on hand was us already
mentioned; of conoi'vosublimato,
onough to miko 2 (.0 gallons; of
sulphurio acid, at y quantity do
Tho committoo mido recom
mend ttion it substinco as fel
lows: 1. That the Baard ofHoillh
order that upon a designated day
all rosidonco buildings and pro
mises in the District of Honolulu
bo thoroughly cleaned, and that
all clothing, not nowly washed
and clean, in porsonal use, and
all bedding in uso bo oxposed to
tho sun all dny.
2. That in infoctod parts of
tho district, in addition to tho
foregoing, all c.irpets and mats bo
tukon up and oxposod to tho sun
3. That in infecttd parts all
unpainted rough wood interiors
and iloors bo whitewashed; and
all painted floors, interior wallB,
door and window casings and
veranda rails bo washed with a
i. That in infected looalitios
all clothing not nowly washed,
which will not bo injured by boil
ing, bo boiled.
5. A printed notice convoying
theso ordors could bo delivorod to
each housoholder by tho sub-inspectors.
G. Tho Board should furnish
all lime and disinfectants and
whitownsh bi ushes free of charge.
7. That tho Board request all
employers to stop business on tho
cloaning day without deducting
wngos of their employees.
8. For tho day designated tho
aub-districts should bo further
subdivided, and tho numbor of
sub-inspoctors increased. If
business housP3 would close,
and business mon would
volunteer to do inspection
work, thoro would bo no lack of
0. Depots of limo and othor
disinfectants should bo establish
ed in each sub-district of tho
infected portions. Also, barrols
provided in which to mix tho
whitewash, otc, and from which
it could bo servod out in buckots
brought by tho pooplo of tho
10. Tire districts to be declarod
infected for treatment ns stitod
woro as follows:
That portion of sanitary district
18 lying bo'ow King street and
oaBt of the Liliha stroam.
That portion of district 2 lying
below tho oxtousion of Sohool
Distriots 3, 5 and 21.
That portion of diptrict 20 lying
between School street, Punchbowl
sheet, the Pauon stroam and tho
Apanaa 4, 5, G and 7 of distriot
That portion of distriot 9, lying
bolow the lino of tho extension of
Queen stroot, nnd on or adjacent
to Sheridan ntreot.
In addition tho committeo re
commonded that tho Beard adopt
a regulation that all unpaintod
wooden buildings and structures
in the city bo lime-washod insido
and outsido at loast onco in six
months;thooxeoution of this order
to bo suspended until lime is
availablo with which to carry it
Thoro was a discussion on tho
repoits, participated in by many
mombors. At length it was re
solved to postpone cloaning diy
until onough limo could bo pro
cured to do tho wholo job at
onco. The reports in othor res
pects wero adopted.
Mr. Gear brought forward un
othor matter. A physioian had
told him that tho cesspoojs for
water - closets and for kitchen
sinks should bo kopt separate.
Tho combination of tho two mado
hotbeds for the brooding of germs.
Mr, Lowrey said that new coss
pools wero boing dug all over
town. Aojoi ding to his infor na
tion tho combination was m)re
easily handlod tlmn soparato n
coptaclos. Mr. Thurston thought ar othor
r'der should lo added t tl o re
port, to recommond the adoption
of somo leverage system at tho
noxtLog'sltttrj. After a litt'o
general t .lie i n this subject tl.fe
meeting adj nunsd.
i m - -
ONLY ONK CASE.
Authorities Ifeglu to Tlijnk Cliolert
U I'udcr Control.
Pakolo, a n itlvo 65yoars of ageP
who was in r,uirai tino at tho hos
pital, having boon taken there
from ii n it footed hou oat Paluina,
was taken sick at 3 o'clock thi&
morning and was ioportd to the
Board of Health by Dr. Howard
at 8 o'clock.
Strenuous i ft r's oro baing made
to get lumber put on tho list ot
pormiBsiblo shipmonts, but presi
dent Smith holds out against it,
fearing thut some nick native
may havo vomited ovor it. xTho
samo objection will apply to
machinery and othor things which
peoplo don't oat.
THE SAMTinY rOM.TIlTTEU
IruoimlH of KcoorU Handed
Business arou d tho
quarters of tho Sunitary
mittoo has been reduced
scientific basis and ovorylhin
movo3 along w.th oleok-work pro-
c sion. bomo of tho inspectors
report that their rocoinmeudations
Imvo not beon attended to, and
the oauso of this lbs most likoly
with tho employes of tho Board of
Houlth, to whom requisitions for
tho excavating carts, otc. aro re
Inspector Low roports a native
in his district who has a collection
of rotting cowstiils uuder his
houso, which boing mixed with a
lot of hair collected from tho
slaughter houses omit an odor
dooidodly unhealthy and unpleas
ant. Inspector Honry Smith reports
a nurauor ot instancos in which
the odorloss excavatord havo not
nttonded to businens.
Inspector Holmos' roport con
demns tho now seawall boing
erected bolow bis district as un
healthy bocuuso not comontod
and furthor clnimB that tho re
commendations of his sub-inspectors
lecoivo no consideration.
Inspector Olios. B. Wilson re
ports tho sanitary arrangements
of the King's boat-houso ns need
ing prompt attention.
Inspector George Carter roports.
a ciso of tooth-noho and a caso of
moasles, and presents tho com
m'ttee with samples of a lot of
dried full ho had confiscated from
Tho remuini-'g i sp dors
nothing now to recommend.
uno ot tuo inspootors hhS
gostod to the Committee of
thut tho wat-ring ciIb go arouud
onco a wtok and sprinkle on the
streets a solution of copporas.and
then tho exhalation will penetrate
all tho buildings, it boing a good:
disinfectant. Tho samo was used
in Now York in 1877 Ho haff
also suggutd that a solution oC
carbolic acid be spr nkled in u
room twice a day, as was dono iu
Chicago when un opidomio was
throatoncd. Chairman Colburn
and others are favorably dispjscd :
toward adepting thebo aothods,
in tho infooted distric's os
peo'ally. Rapid prrgross is being madd
en the now floor for the fishmarket-i