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PVFV'W(1 rr TTTIN. VOVEMBKR 27, 1895.
saa'rnKy r t r - .
THE HI8TOUY OP CAST STEKL
How the Secret of Il Jlniiufnetuie
W KcTcaled to the World.
The history of cnst-steel pre
sents a curious inatanco of a
manufacturing secrot otcnlthily
obtained under tho cloak of an
appeal to philanthropy. Tho
main distinction botweeniron and
stoel, as most pooplo know, is that
tho latter contains carbon. Tho
one is conrertod into tho othor by
being heated for a oousiderablo
tirao in contact with powderod
charcoal in an iron box. Now
steel thus made is unequal. Tho
middlo of n bar i inoro carbon-1
izod than tho ends, nnd tho mir-
fuco moio than tho center. It in,
tliorofoio, unroll tbl Novertlio
less, boforo tho invention of enpt
stoel thorn was nothing bettor. In
1730 there lived at Attoroliflb, ne.r
Sheffield, a watchmaker mined i
Huntsman. Hi- buiuno dissntiB-,
fiod with the wittoli springs in uso j
and set himself to tho tusk of
making thorn homogeneous. "If,''
thought he, "1 can molt a pioco ,
ot stoel nuu cast it nuo an ingm,
its composition should bo the
samo throughout." Ho succeodod.
His steel soon became famous.
Huntsman's ingots fur fine work
woto in uuivera il d mand, Ho
did not call thorn cast stool.
That was his set-rot. About
1770 a largo inunuf .ctory of this
peculiar steel w.ih established at
Attorcliffo. Tho process was
wrapped in secr.-cy by everyone
within roacn. lruo anu laiiuiui i
mou wero hired, tho work divided
and subdivided, largo wages paid I
and stringent oatns auminisiereu.
It did 1101 avail. Ouo midwinter'
night, as the tall oininuoy of tho
Attercliflo stoel works bolohod
forth, a travelor knocked at tho
gate. It was bittor cold, the snow
fell fast, and the wind howled
across tho moat. The btiangor,
apparently a plowman or agricul
tural laborer se king sholter from
tho storm, awakened nc suspicion.
Scanning the wayfarer closely,
and moved by motives of human
ity, the foreman prantod his re
quest and let him in.
Feigning to be worn out with
cold and fatigue, tho poor man
sank uion the floor and soon ap
peared to be asleep. That, how
ever, was fnr from his intention.
Ho closed his eyes apparently on
ly. He saw workmen cut bars of
steel into bits, uud lce them in
crucibles in a furnace. Tho firo
was urged to its extreme powor un
til tho fateel was molted. Clothed in
wot rags to protect thomselvos
from tho heat, tho woikuiou drew
out tho glowing mold. Mr. Hunts
man's factory had nothing more
to disclose. Tho making of cast
steel idiad boon discovered. In
Mr. Chamborlain poiutod out to
a deputation of West India mer
chants and planters, who com
plained ol bounties by other conn
tries, that in lcspect to somo
colonies it might be possiblo to
make their prosperity less bound
up in sugar planting. He expiossed
tho opinion thut tliero was no
chance of gotting tho Houso of
Commons to sanction counter
Tailing duties to compol freigu
countries to stop giving sugar
Now Jorsny is by no means
poor. Its roal ai d por-onal pro
perty is valued at lVn2 fl8,361.
will tell you
it is the
CarrHe Orene King
Save the Children
By Purifying Tholr Blood
Hood's Sarsnparllln Mnkos Purt
Dlood, euros Scrofula, Etc.
" Mr experience with Hood's Sarsaparllla hut
been rery effective. My llttlo girl, fix yean
old, had for (our years & bad iktn disease. Tlei
arms and limbs would break out In a mass ol
sores. illseharKlnc jellow matter, she would
scrttcli the eruption as though It cavo relief,
and tear open the sores.
Two Dottloa of Hood's
8an aparllla caused the eruptions to heal and
and the scabs pealed off, after which the skin
became soft anil smooth. Asa family medium
we believe Hnnd's Sampnrllla has no equal and
I recommend It." W. L. Kino, lIltifT Dale, Tex.
.Hood's Pills are the bot family cathartla,
K utle and cCcctlvo. Try "i box. ii cents.
Hobron Drug Co., L'd,
Solo AKenta for tho Kepublio ot Ilnwnii.
Ynu throw nwny dollars evory
year in broken lamp chimneys.
Better stop it now while you can
get a preparation thnt will prevent
a chimnoy from broaklng when
put on wet. Prof. Humbolt's anti
oxplosivo compound will do this
and will prevent tho explosion of
korodouo oil and gasoline Wo
aro solo agonts for this prepara
tion as well as for the New Ideal
Sowing Machino, tho equal to any
high priced article, and wo soil it
for $30 and $35 with attachments.
16000 feet of mouldings for picture
frames just received by the
"Albert;" also oval and circular
frames, somothing new nnd ele
gant. The Pacific Hardware Co.
Notary Public and Typewriter,
II KAAHUMANU STltEKT,
T. O. Box SSO. Telephone U45.
And Curtains by
M. S. LEVY.
n BUILDING BUHNED RECENTLY
in Milwaukee, without Insurance
because- a clerk B01JOOT lo renew certniu
policies piomptly as instructed.
"Ho was discharged.
"A few days later, tho owner died without
insurance on his life, leaving a widow and
three yonng children in poverty, because
he had NEGLECTED to insure. A s procrast
ination is mora culpable than forgctfulnesg
perhaps the owner is having his punish
"AJOItAL I Consultation nnd ofllco treat
ment free. Special attention given to pro
crastlnaturs." l.VHUKfclOUH UIK IN
The Equitable Life Assurance Society
of tho United States.
fiencrnl Manager foi tint Hitwall.iu TsIruiIh.
128 & 130 FOKT STKEIST.
BlacHiinguiAll lis Branch.
W. W. WHIUHY, Proprietor.
(Successor to O. West.)
C. B. DWIGHT,
Does all kinds ot Work in
Cement & Stone Sidewalks & Curbing
IIo has on hand a largo supply ot
Chincso Granite. Curb and always keeps
Hawaiian Curbing Stone E'-tirantcs
given nnd lowcs4 prices assured. Telo
At WAIKIK1 od ear lino and on PA
LAMA ItOAD near Fertilizing
These Lots are Very Cheap and Sold
on Easy Terms.
Desirnlilo Acre TrnctH near tho city and
other Properties for sale.
BUUCI2, WARING & CO.,
Dealers in Lots nnd Lands,
1-tC 503 Fort Street, near King.
T. O. Box 821.
Jose Do Espirito Santo,
Guitar 3ffiS!) Maker-Taro-Patcli
and Ukulele Guitars
Mudo of Hnwaiian Woods.
130 Fort Street Oppobite Club Stables,
'llicnbovc lllcjilu was mudu ns good ar
H. G-. Wooten,
107 King strict. Hi-tf
Lime & Stone
LIME AND STONE
Offer for salo tho best qnnlity of Lime at
tho ruling market rate. Thin Limo is tht
genuine urtitle, pure and simple , No for
eign unbalances used.
Editing up 247 and leave your orders J
HAWAIIAN LIME & STONE
Corner KIiir and Bethel streets,
Dealer in Cigars and Tobaccos
lk-st brands of Manilla Cigars
unci mast Clgnrcttcit.
At louctt prlics.
Tho pleasantost, quietest,
shadiest and most porfectly ap
pointed sensido resort on tho
Islunds. It is only four miles
from tho hoart of tho city and
within oasy reach of tho trarocars,
which run every twenty minutes
or oftonor. Elegantly furnishod
dotaolad cottages or rooms nro
obtainable on oasy terms. The
tublo is suporior to that of any of
tho olty hotels and all tho modern
conveniences nro provided.
Picnics nnd bathing parties can
obtain oxtra accommodations by
telephoning in advnuco.
Tho bathing fnoilUios of Sans
S.,nci nro superior to those of any
pl.tccon tho beach. 89-tf
Our Stock of Summer Goods
is acknowledged by every
body to bo tho finest on the
Honolulu market, and con
sists of everything Useful
and Ornamental. Our prices
aro moderate. Jewelry in
spec designs manufactur
ed to urdor on short notice.
JACOBSEN & PFEIFFER.
P. O. Box 287 Fort Strcot.
H. G. BIART.
FINE WATCH REPAIRING.
Island Jewelry made to order,
Souvenir Spoons, Gold wiro
0F Island orders solicited.
P. O. Box 35.;atO. Gortz's store.
Fort Street. G2-t
LYCURGUS LODGING HOUSE
TOUIUSTS AND OTIIEHS VISITING
Htlocnti ilnd aul'jMc board nnd lodglnir uv
rolling on JOHN A'CUHGUS.
In ronncillon . Jtb the above ho can supply
Foreign and Domestic Frult6,
Cigars end Tobacco,
Cool Drinks, etc.
The SINGER Received
54 First Awards for Skwino Ma
chinks nnd EJinitoinEitY WoitK
ai tho World's Fair, Cliicnco, 111.,
being tho largest number of award,
obtained by any Exhibitor, and
raoro than double tho numbor
givon to nil othor Sewing Ma
chines B. BnnoERSo.v,
my 31 tf Bothol st., Honolulu.
FOUT AND HOTEL STS.
Hcailiiiiarters Enlemrlse Brewinor Co'
Lnrgost Consignment of Beer
thnt over arrived horo, no;v
J. DODD. Pron'i
Ceiiteal Meat JVtaiet
Ijove's UnililiUR, Kuunnu St.
A riltST CLASS JIarkot iu every
Orders deliverol promptly to oil parts of
gJSJT- Telephone 101. 123-tf.
Chocolato Emulsion in for Bale by tho
H0LLISTER DRUG CO,
130-tf AgcnU for tho Hawaiian Manila,
Engrosser - and - Illuminator
Rosidenc, White Iloitfo, Nuuunu Stiuet.
ltoom 5,TeUphone l.TJ.
TEEO, H D
Wldte Brothers' Cement,
Corrugated Iron Roofing,
Galvanized Water Pipe
laints and Oils.
Roche Harbor Lime,
C. & G. Fine Flour,
Hay, Grain, and Groceries,
Hardivarc and Cutlery,
Etc., Etc., Etc., Etc., Eto.
mmmmi.-ry- a ti-w y - v s- zxi -v. rsirnsm
Mndo of the Finest nnd Most Uolicately Flavored Tobacco.
For sale by all Druggists nnd Cignr Dealers.
M. PHILLIPS & CO.,
143-tf Agonts for Hawaiian Islands.
II. J. NOLTE, Proprietor.
The Best Lunch in Town
Tea. and Coffee
at all nouns.
TIIE FINEST BRANDS OF
Cigars and Tobacco
ALWAYS ON HAND.
The . . .
Has a largo assortment of
Chandeliers and Elec
Constantly on hand.
Estimates givon for houso wir
ing nnd Electrical plants.
Mnrino Wiring n specialty.
p. o. JONr.8.
E. A. JONES
HAVE FOR SALE
A Few Shares of
Pnln Sugar Stock,
Hawaiian Sugar Co. Stock.
Hawaiian Government and 1st
Mortgnpo Sugar Planta
CST For particulars apply to
Tho Hnwaiinn Snfo DopoBit &
A VIES & C
A Good Fertilizer
To Suit the Times
At $30 per ton of COOOJlbs.
Analyzed as follows:
10 per cent. Phosphoric Acid. soluble,
0 "per cent. Potash (actual). f
y percent Ammonia.
10 per cent. I.lme (Carbonate).
ANY BPECIAL FOIIMULA MADE TO
A F. COOKE.
117-tf HAWAIIAN FEKTILIZIXO CO.
Honolulu, Hnwiiiinn Islnnda
Principal Parts of the World,
Transact a General Banking
S. I. SHAW, Proprietor.
Curiinr ICIiik 4. Xuumiii Streetn, lloiiululu
Choice Liquors uud Fine JJeer.
Dealer in Chinese Tea, Cigars,
Peanut Oil, Sugar, Soap,
Candletj, etc., at lo-neBt
Corner Nuunnu and Pauahi streetH, 1 13-
CHIN WO & CO.
Youui; Ah In, Mgr.
Corner Beretanla and Nuuanu tti., Honolulu.
RICE l'LANTEUS-Alnays have for alo the
best quality of rice. Our rice marked WOO
Is guaranteed to be Al.
A;eut for the following rice plautatlona:
Pulamn, Iltiliuvn, Moaualua, Wiilklki, Walplo,
Kalawao, KnUiuKi and Wuloll, Oahu, and
ltt Tel. 218. POUoiiMS.
TOIl HALK 1IY THK
HOLLI.STER MUG CO., L'D,
Agents for lliti ilawuilnn Islands.
4I1H fort Street ... lluuolala
VVwU'4ftiWl-JMMJtL iZ-.im.Jn,d. , .. j i
A -i . $ ' jiGt .. . (B;