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Vol. 1. No. 243.
HONOLULU, H. I., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 4. 1896.
Price 5 Cents.
THE EVENING BULLETIN.
Publlsbod every day ezcopt Sunday at
609 King Street, Honolulu, H. I.
Pot Month, nnywhoro in tho Ha-
waltnn Islands 3 7A
Per Year. . .. 8 00
For Year, postpaid to Auwriou,
Canada, or Mexico 1000
Per Year, postpaid, othor Foreign
Countries.. 13 00
Pnynblo Invnrlably In Advance
Telcphono 250. P. O. Bos 89.
B. L. FINNEY, Manager.
Irritating and Disfiguring
On tho Face, Cured by
Remarkable Experience of Miss Dorothy
Mahor, Fitiroy, Victoria, whose portrait
wo aro privileged to give below:
"1 take pleasure in testifying to
tlio great benefit I derived from
Ayer's Sarsapnrilla. I suffered
from eruptions on my f aco of a very
irritating and vexatious nature.
Por a considerable time I export
niontt'd with various so-called blood
medicines, but without any allcvin
tion of my trouble. At last, your
famous Siirs.iparillu being strongly
recommended to mc, I began to use
it, mid after taking two bottles it
was most gratifying to see and feel
,iho effect in allaying tho irritation
and reducing tho eruptions. When
I had used thrco bottles tho erup
tions disappeared altogether, with
out leaving a mark on my face, and
1 liiivo never been troubled with
anything of tho kind since."
Said Mtdih at the World's Chief Exposition..
Hollister Drug Co., Ltd.
Boio Agents for tho lteimblio of Ilawnii.
I Imports of Champagne In
to the United States,
FltOM JAN. 1st to jone Ist, 1895.
-GrHMumm & Co.'s extra
dry -. 30,831
1 Pommory & Grono 11,798
Moot & 01u.ni.on 9,008
Hoidsieok & Co., (dry
Louis Roeduier 3.438
Perrier Jouol 3.280
Yvo. Clicquot 2,378
St. Marcenx 334
Krug& Co 270
Ohas. Houlfliook 355
'' Tntnl 81,859
COMPILED FROM CUSTOM
-' HOUSE ' RECORDS.
Macfarlane & Co.,
Bolo Agent for G. H. Munirn & Co.
for the O.iwaiian Islanda.
LEGISLATURE IN SESSION.
MOriMS Olf T.W KILL GIVKN
in tiii: NEXATH.
V;iio)iIh ol Minister Unman' Hill
to Kicnlnte the Collection ofTnxGH
11th Day, Maiich 4th.
The Sounto was called to ordor
by Senator Ilorner this morning
in tho abbonco of tho president
and vice-president. Aftor prayer
by the chaplain a call of tho roll
showed only sovou Senators pre
sent, whoroupou 'a recess wns tak
en till 1:30 p.m.
Senators Knuhnno and MeCand
less makingthoir appearance before
tho Senators dispersed, tho motion
for a recess was reconsidered and
tho roll recalled, nine Senators
answering to their name's.
Tho minutes of yesterday were
read and approved.
Minister Damon presented a de
tailed statement of tho expenses
of cholora opidomic as required
by tho constitution, showing that
tho Council of State had appro
priated the sum of 800,000 for the
purpose Tho detailed expenses
ing S 2,121 00
Claims for crops de
stroyed -1,139 50
Claims for property de
stroyed 4,770 50
Clothing and dry goods 1,085 02
Clothing and goods to
roplaco articles de
stroyed 1,431 78
Fumigating plant 7,099 73
Hilo, Wailuku and Kau
ai quarantine 1,107 70
Horses, expressago and
hack hire ... 0,733 09
Incidentals G,531 82
Lumber and building
materials 2,372 28
Pay Rolta 10,289 90
Provisions and Sup
"Water pipes and fittings 518 71
A communication was received
from the House stating that Son
ato bill No. 2, relating to current
accounts, had passed its third
Sonator Brown of tho Joint
Committee on Passed Bills re
ported that Soiiato Bills 2 and 3,
relating to tho fiscal period and
current accounts, had been pre
sented to tho President for his
Senator Brown gave notico of
his intention to iutroduco abill
amending Soction 2 of Chapter
80 and Soction 4 of Act 3 of tho
laws of 1895, relating to tho re
striction of Ohincso immigration.
Attorney-General Smith gave
notico of a bill to amend Section
35 of Chapter 72 of tho Laws of
1892 relating to the payment of
damages incurred by the con
demnation of land required for
tho opeuing of now streets.
Minister Damon under suspen
sion of tho rules introduced a bill
relating to internal taxes and
amending Chapter Gl of tho Laws
of 1892. Tho Minister presented
tho following memorandum of
chances from tho existing tax
law contained in tho tax law
"1 One main change is in tho
ro-nrrangemont of tho law, placing
tho Boctions in logical soquonco
as to subject mattor and by
placing, all bectious relating to
the samo subject mattor togother,
thoroby greatly facilitating refer
ence to thoStatutc.
"Tho ordor in which tho sub
jects fronted of como in tho
Statute is as follows:
"(1) Taxation Divisions.
"(2) A synopsis of all dates.
This will bo of special con
venience as tho sections roforring
to tho different date upon which
tho different acts must lie done
aro scattered all through tho law.
"(3) Sections describing tho
different kinds of taxes and dis
position of tho special taxes, road
and school taxes.
"(4) Definitions of different
kinds of property and tho respec
tive bases of assessment and val
uation of tho Barao
"(5) Exemptions from taxation.
"(u) Appointment onu remov
al and bonds of Assessors.
"(7) Powers and duties of As
u(8) Board of Equalization.
"(9) Timo and mothod of as
sessments. "(10) Appeals and appeal
"(11) Genoral provisions.
"2 A running index of sub
jects runs throughout tho law, faci
litating reforonco thoreto.
"3 Tho principal change in tho
law is tho change in dates of as
sessment and all succeeding onor-
"Tho dato of assessment has
been changed from July 1st to
January 1st on all property ex
cept growing rice, which is assess
ed as of April 1,
"Corresponding changes have
boon mado in all tho othor dates
with respect to taxation. Tho
timo for making up assessments
has herotoforo boon found to bo
too short to do accurate work and
tho timo has thorofore been ox
iended to July 1st.
"Appeals may bo taken at any
timo between tho 1st and 20th of
July. The appeal courts will sit
between the 1st and 20th of Aug
ust. "Taxes will becorao duo on tho
1st of September nnd bocomo de
linquent on tho 15th day of Nov
ember instead of tho 15th day of
December as under tho existing
"It will bo noticed that although
tho assessment of trxes has boen
put back for six mouths tho dato
for collection of the samo has
boen retrograded oi ly one month,
so that there will bo a require
ment to pay taxes rnly one month
earlier than was required under
tho old law.
"4 Carriage taxes heretofore
payable into tho general treasury
are combined with tho cart and
dray tax as a'part of tho load tax,
there being no reason why a dif
ference should bo mado botween
"5 The tax on female dogs is
raised to thrco dollars as a deter
ment to iucrcaso of worthless dogs,
which on sovoral of the islands
aro so sorious a monaco to tho
sheop industry as to almost causo
its abandonment. Dogs aro also
required to wear their tags all tho
year instead of for six months
"0 Tho exemption from per
sonal taxes horetoforo accorded to
firemen and soldiers is limited to
volunteer soldiers. Thoro does
not Boom to bo any good reason
why porsons employed in-tho
Military and Fire DopnrtmonnTof
the Government and receiving
fair salaries therefor should bo
exempt from personal taxes, while
othor employees of tho Govern
ment receiving salaries on practi
cally tho samo scale should bo
On motion tho bill was road tho
first timo by title and referred to
tho Printing Committee
Minister Damon also gavo no
tice of a bill to amend tho existing
law rotating to certain licenses.
At 10:40 tho Sonato adjourned.
12rn Day, Maiioii 4th.
HOUSE OF JtEl'HEbENTATJVES.
Sponkor Naono, after tho open
ing routino, presented tho repot t
of tho Commissioners of Public
Bop. Richards reported that tho
bill rotating to tho beginning of
tlio biennial period and tho tem
porary loaiiB bill had been pre
sented to President Dole for his
signature. Also, that tho laun
dries bill waB prepared for third
reading and tho District Coutt
records bill printed.
Tho bill providing 815,000 for
expenses of the Bession, passed by
Continued on 8th d'ayc.
THE FIRST PLANTATION
NIAHTEM XI KOLOA, KAUAI,
SIXTY yi:akh AGO,
Wllllnni Hooper of Lndtl fc Co. una
v the lMoncer Hiilu oTtlio
Thoro is an illustrated article on
"Tho First Plantation on tho Ha
waiian Group" in tho San Fran
cisco Chronicle of February 10.
Tho information was evidently
obtrtined from Col. William C.
Little of Oakland, a stepson of
"William Hoopor, who arrived hore
by tho brig Velocity from Boston
on January 25, 1835.
Hoopor associated himsolLwith
P. A. Brinsmadq and "William
Ladd undor tho firm namo of
Ladd fe Co., and, according to a
diary he preserved, ho laid out a
piece of land, supposed to contain
twelve acres, at Kolon, island of
Kauai, on September 12, 1835, for
cauo cultivation. At tho samo
timo ho obtained from tho Gover
nor of Kauai tho use of twonty
fivo natives, jit 82 each a month, to
assist him in tho- work. "When
tho natives discovered that tho
chiofs wero to pay them and not
Hoopor, they spent most of tho
C '4 jif5
THE rinST SUOAlt MILL IN
third day in idleness. As an in
ducement Hoopor offorod them
ono real each, and thoy Bprnng to
their work nnd nt sundown finish
ed their stnrt. Tho diary shows
thnt ho hnd much troublo Inter in
keoping tho men at work. Bolow
aro some extracts from tho diary
and tho Chroniclo's articlo:
On February 12th Hoopor says
ho called nil tho natives togethor
to hear their "manuau." Ho found
6omo of thorn wero in bud humor,
and "removed it by giving each a
shirt." "Gavo ono Inzy follow,"
ho writes, "hiB walking pnpors.
Ho did not wish to go, but offered
a hog to remove the howa."
March was spent in preparing to
plant sonio cofl'oo nnd in getting
out logs from tho mountains for
building purposes. A new dwelling-house
wns completed. April
wns spent in planting enno. In
this month cucumber and whito
mulborry seeds wero received
from Amorica and put in the
ground. Ground wns also broken
for a sugar mill dam.
April 19th Mr. Dendman
building Humes. Nntives trans
May 3, 1830-Built in pnrt n
fence around coffoo; built n water
course; plnntod Irish potatoes and
May 4th Gnvo all my natives
tho remainder of tho weok to
plant for themselves, employing
transient ones to plant Irish pota
toes. May 9th Commenced with
forty men to build a dam for a
Bugar mill to go by wator power.
Olappa's and Hoku Ko's men did
not work today. Five men still
making fonce around coileo.
May 21st - Tho carpenters em
ployed on mill; men not to work;
ovoning had a long conversation
with tho sorvants to loam tho
Juno 10th Being Saturday, na
tives to work on their own land;
Borne natives havo attomptod to
counterfeit tho papers I issue for
At that timo thcro was no coin
in circulation on tho island. .
Hooper issued scrip, which Borved
all tho purposes of currency, and j
was, in fact, known as "Kauai cur
rency." It was issued in thrco
denominations "Hapalua" ropro- !
sonteel GU corns, "Jtlapana" was lb
fonts, "Hnpnwnlu" was worth 12h
cents. Tins curroncy wns issued
only to tho natives employed on
the Kolon plantation, and it was
redeemable at tho plantation store
in merchandise, thus ausworing all
tho purposes of coin in trade
Smno specimens of this curious
currency aro retained in Colonel
Tho anniversary of the indo
pondonco of tho United States
that year was celebrated by a
dinner of salt beef, at which "Mr.
Charlton, tho English Consul,"
was presout. Tho workmen com
pleted the dam at 12 o'clock and
spent tho remainder of tho day
At tho close of tho first vear's
operations, Hooper summed up
tho situation as follows:
Just a year ago today sinco I
commenced to work on this plan
tation, during which I have had
inoro annoyance from tho chiefs
and difficulties with tho natives
(from tho fact of this land being
tho first that has over been culti
vated on tho plan of free labor at
the islands) than I over thought
it possiblo for a wliito man to bear.
Novortholcss, I havo succcedod in
THE HAWAIIAN ISLANDS.
bringing about a plan which, if
followed up by tho foreign resi
dents, will, eventually, emanci
pate the natives from tho miser
able system of cheap tabor, which
has over existed nt these islands,
and which, if not broken up, will
bo an effectual preventive to tho
progress of civilization, industry
and national prosperity.
At tho prosont time tho willof
tho chiefs is law and every native
is liablo to loso nil his property
at tho mere ordor of tho chief.
Tho natives havo no oncourngo
mont to oultivato tho land from
tho simple fact that thoy havo
nono to cultivate, and should by
ohnnco a uativo Bucceed in rais
ing anything on tho laud ho holds
in care for tho chief, of any value,
it will bo surely taken from him.
Consequently thoro is no induce
ment whatever for natives to raise
moro than thojr daily food. Tho
tract of land in Kolon was, after
much painstaking, obtained from
tho Government for tho purpose
of breaking up tho sybtom aforo
snid, or in other wouls, to servo
ns nu ontoring wedge, uoping
thnt othora would follow and
finally upset tho whole system.
Tlio nativos on this lnnd nre
paid 12i cents per day nnd their
food found thorn, and thoro is also
.pnid to tho Government by tho
lessees a tax of 25 cents par mouth
for each native During tho year
havo boon erected:
Twonty houses for nativos;
Onn house for suporinfondont,
50 by 30 foot, with cookhouso;
Ono carpenter shop;
Ono blacksmith Bhop;
Ono mill dam and sugar mill
by wator powor;
Ono sugarhouso, 70 by 20 foot.
Ono boiling-houso (now going
Fivo thousand coffee trees plant
ed and fenced iujtwont) -live nores
of cano planted.
Forty-eight tnro patches put in
Fivo thousand banana trees put
Thoro is now growing on tho
ftlantation tlio bi treo, introduced
rora the Sooioty islands orange,
citron, lime, fig, grapo, mulborry.
Great has been the exertion, but
littlo has been done Tho Sand
wich islanders arc, alas, only In
dians, and sometimes I think thoy
always will bo bo.
A few yenrs Inter nfter tho
French threat to take tho islnndB,
tho Government, fearing that some '
European powor might again at
tempt their occupation, entered
into compact with Ladd & Co. to
lenso to them for 100 yenrs nil tho
then unoccupied crown lauds with
the proviso that Ladd ifc Co. would
enlist some foreign enpitnl aud
company nnd thereby insure a
Erotectorato of tho group. Mr.
rinBmado wont to Europo for
thnt purposo, nnd nfter much
troublo nnd oxponso succeeded in
forming a company in Belgium,
and tho famous "Bolginn con
trnct" wns concluded. Just nt this
timo tho islands wore Boized by
tho British, but wore finally res
tored by Admiral Thomas tho
Chronicle erroneously gives tho
namo as Admiral Soymour,
of tho instance of his Govern
ment. Thou followed tho tripar
tite alliauco of tho United States,
England and Franco, guaran
teeing tho independence' of tho
islands. Upon tho receipt of this
news Dr. Judd, a missionary phy
sician and Primo Minister to Ka
mehamoha, set about to accom
plish the ruin of Ladd ifc Co. Ho
succoedod too well. Tho result
was tho breaking up of Ladd &
Co., tho destruction of tho Bolgiau
schomo nnd tho complete ruin of
tho mombors of the firm of Ladd
it Co. A claim
for dnmnges was filed and pressed
by Ladd & Co. until all their re
sources wero exhausted, after
which ono by ono thoy sought
other climes to redeom their for
"Messrs. Ladd and Briusmado
died poor. Mr. Hoopor camo to
California in 1819, and became a
partuor in tho houso of Cross,
Hobson & Co. Hero ho made
another fortune, which was lost in
tho great lire of 1851. He was the
first president of tho Chamber of
Commorco of this city and was
secretary of tho Board of Funded
Debt Commission from its incep
tion, which position ho faithfully
filled up to tho timo of his death.
Ho nlso filled tho position of City
Troasuror during Judge Coon's
terms of oflico as Mayor. The
colobrated claim of Ladd & Co.
against the Sandwioh Island Gov
ernment lay dormant till about
eight years ago, when tho heirs of
Ladd, Hoopor and Brinsmado took
up tho case and havo over since
been trying to get a settlement
through tho United States Govorn-
Concert nt tlio Hotel.
Through tho courtesy of Minis
tor Cooper, tho Hawaiian Baud
will givo a complimentary concort
at tho Hawaiian Hotel to General
"Warfiold, Surgeon Munu, Lieuten
ants Lissak, Treat and Nowcombo
tonight. Following is tho pro
I Introduction "Ameilci" I!eea
2, Omm tnro "Zumpa" ., IleioU
ii, b'hmli "Cnrmcn" lltot
4. "ItumlnliKLueM of VciJl" Oodfrcj
5. Iltcnllectlon of tlio War." Hejrr
0. Wultz "I'jruulsuof the roiICo" ..Hoit'tr
7, Kuntuilo "Mill In tho Foiwt"..EIUnbsrg
8, Murcli "Liberty Bi-H" -0U8a
Tlio our Spnncleil llRimor.
'I ho Mrnim-r I'tlltlon.
Tho stenmer Alameda is duo
from tho Colonies tomorrow. Tho
prcbont number of this paper con
tains all tho nows of tho islands
since the doparturo of tho Aus
tralia on February 20th. Mail a
copy of it to your friends abroad.
Brown fc Kuboy have for Bale
it comploto lino of watches, cloaks,
cutlory ami solid and plated jowol
ry of every description, thnt thoy
nro soiling at reasonable prices.