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Vol. 1. No. 294.
HONOLULU, H. I., SATURDAY, MAY 2, 1896.
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THE EVENING BULLETIN.
Published overy day except Snndny nt
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To Lot or Lease.
TI1E 'IES1DENOE OF MRS. A. LONG,
ono mile from postofllce. Largo house with
furniture. Four bed rooniH, parlor, large
dining room, pantry, kltohou. bath rooms,
Lot and cold water, with patont closets,
servant houses, stables, horso paddock,
garden and trees. A charming location.
Apply to J ALTRED MAGUON.
tf Merchant st next Fostofllce i
DANIEL LOCALS LETTERS.
two jnoiit: ri:ci:ivi:i I'ltcm the
Mo Write or a VUIt to the Crntcr or
Kllnue Mini It Nubterrniienn
l'anco Tho HI n linn
Hawaii, April 2G, 1896.
,Horo I am by tho open firo
place, where a cheerful fire is
burning on tho hearth. There was
nothing of especial importance,
nor any carlior chance than this,
to write anything from Ililo. Tho
Kinau landed her passengers there
amidst rain shortly aftor four
o'clock yesterday afternoon. Aftor
my latest notes from tho steamer
thoro was no more viow of tho
summit of Mauna Loa, thick clouds
shutting out all scenery excepting
the great sugar bolt along the
coast. It was a smooth passage
tho Kinau had all tho way, tho
seas in the channels and tho swell
on tho Hamakua coast not being
at all formidablo. Most of tho
fmsBongors wore out on deck the
ast thirty miles of tho trip, en
joying tho gorgeo is beauties of
tho visiblo ribbon of land.
All Hilo has boon turning out
nights to soo tho eruption on
Manna Loa, and I had no small
anticipation of sharing thoir plea
suro in that regard. But thoro
was no lot up on tho part of tho
weather last night, the town being
shut up to its own electric light
reflections. It was still cloudv
when Mr. "Wilson's coach for this
point left tho Hilo Hotel at 8
o'clock this morning, and tho
mountains wore invisiblo through
tuo tnicK atinospnoro for tho
whole journey. Without mixing
up subjects too much in ono place,
it is not inappropriate here, by
the way, to noto that tho enterpris
ing ownor of tho coach lino is now
lessee and host of tho Hilo Hotel.
YiBitors to Hilo for oithor busi
ness or pleasure may without tho
slightest misgiving place thoir
comfort in tho keeping of Mr. and
Mrs. Wilson. Th" rooms aro clean
and well furnished, and the table
is kept second to nono in Hono
lulu. Indeed, iu somo staple ar
ticles of diet I am certain that tho
quality is above tho avorago '"best"
that tho Honolulu market affords.
When, as iB now T boliovo decided
upon, tho hotel is to bo practically
luiiiuuuiuu, wuii important nuta
tions to tho buildings, tho Hilo
Hotel will rank with any in tho
islands in every respect. This ono
particular of having a real hotol
is ono of tho greatest of tho many
improvements I notice in Hilo
from my last previous visit more
than six years ago. 13ut I am not
writing up this trip now, only
making a fow notes by tho way.
That must bo loft for working
time after this "vacatipn" has ex
pired. Tho following persons composed
tho coach party: Rev. E. B.
Dillo, D. D. of San Erancisco:
Mr. and Mrs. AV. H. Wool worth
of Niagara Falls, Now York:
Bradley IL Phillips of Buffalo,
Now Yoik, Frank 8. Dodgo of tho
Hawaiian Government Survey,
incidentally representing also tho
Advertiser, and tho Bulletin
representative. A son of Mr.
Center, a coffeo planter up tho
road, also came homo by the coach.
A quiot youth, he was interesting
as wearing a Salvation Army
badge. Ot tho colToo farms along
tho road -romombering that I am
not to exhaust subjects of obser
vation at this timo I must say
that to mo tho half had not boon
told. Hero 1 must stop at that,
for, although tho Bulletin pro
prietors kindly instructed mo that
1 was not released from duty at
headquarters to "work" on tlio
volcano, yot ti realization of tho
grandeur of tho manifestation of
volcauio activity now being made
on Mauua Loa, which burst upon
mo nt Kawailmo, makes it a duty
not only to tho paper but to tho
public to utilize nil othor matters
of interest coming boforo mo
simply as a setting for informa
tion upon that sublime subject,
and even to give the "vacation,"
whether "well-earned" or other
wise, a rest in tho meantime. At
tho Mountain Viow Hotol, half
way, wo had a fino lunch, in
cluding chicken and fresh rasp
berries not to mention coffee grown
on tho spot. Mr. Peck and Mr.
Grossman gave mo a cordial
greeting ami invitations to visit
their plantations on my return.
(Bight horoj for about tho tenth
timo this evening, everybody ruus
out to seo the marvolous spectacle
on tho summit of Mauua Loa. to
which on ono occasion a gorgeous
lunar rainbow was supplement
ed.) m Wo loft Hilo at 8 a. m. and ar
rived hero about 4 p. in. in a cold,
driving rain. Through a dense
vapor arising from the main floor
of Kilauea an intense white cloud
of steam from tho deep pit of Ha
lomaumau whoro tho fiery lake
had forced itself into observation
as tho most conspicuous object.
Mauna Loa's awful height was
Mauna Loa from tho Volcano
completely hidden behind an at
mosphoro of swirling moisture.
Shortly aftor dinner, when the
moon had arisen, a strong wind
began to break up tho humid
screen. Manager Leo, who had
been holloaing at Hilo and Ka-
papala through tho phone to or
ganizo a party for tho ascent,
called tho guests out for a sight.
Thoro it was not, but in a fow
momonts, far above tho crest,
there was a break in tho
clouds and agaiust another moon
lit bank of flying vapor,
a huge, mass of crimson glory
appeared. It wont and camo thus,
at intervals of a fow moments, for
about an hour. Then, lo, all the
clouds wero swept from tho face
and crown of tho great mountain,
since whon a spectaclo of surpass
ing magnificouco has been dis
played. Again words fail to des
cribe the scono and I must en
deavor to givo tho artist at homo
a fooblo hint for his talent to de
velop. Tho accompanying sketch
may bo varied in outline a hun
dred times and yot bo measurably
accurate, for tho pillar of light ex
cepting close to its visiblo base is
chauging its Bhapo continuously
as tho winds play with tho smoko
that forms its substance.
Tho reader must irangino tko
baso part of tho pillar, which is
shaded tho most deoply, as of
coal firo red color, fading into
less density as it rises, and tho
spreading cloud of smoko above
shining in tho fiorco light pro
jected from tlio tiros ueneath.
You must realize also that this
cloud as of firo is at least ton
thousand feet abovo tho summit
of tho mountain, for it duplicates
tho height of tho mountain from
tho lovol of tho Volcano Houso.
People all over tho island aro
azing up nightly at tho stupon
ous pyrotechnics, and tho telo
phono wires aro vibrating with
comparisons of observations.
A party will loavo horo under
conduct of Julian Mousarrat on
Tuesday morning, to look down
iuto tho throat of tho mountain of
fire. It will tako two dayB to
make tho ascent, and will rest
amid tho snow banks at tho briuk
of tho crater a whole night. Thoro
will bo sovon or oight besides tho
conductor and guides.
April 27, 189G.
This morning was beautifully
bright, and tho domo ot Mauna
Loa was clear as tho moon. It
Bliowcd tho column of smoko from
tho crater in undiminished volume.
Mr. Dodgo took a triangulation,
which proved that tho smoko
cloud was 21,000 feet high. D.
Howard Hitchcock, who camo up
from his fathor's villa early, made
a sketch of tho scono iu colors,
which is bound to attract all oyos
when shown in town. It is high
ly realistic and will add to our
Hawaiian artist's fine prestige,
besiues being an invaluable rocord
in art of this year's great volcanic
Manager Peter Leo and Mr.
Hitchcock aro busy this afternoon
in putting up warm duds for tho
expedition to tho summit tomorrow-
As they have both had ex
porionco of tho mouutain, tho
quantity ofwoolon fabrics, bo
Bides caps with lugs liko wo used
in'blizzard weathor back East,
etc., which thoy aro piling up, is
enough to daunt tho tondorfoots
of tho party.
Mr. and Mrs. Wool worth of Ni
agara Falls, Mr. Phillips of Buffa
lojKov. Dr. Dilo of San Francisco
and myBolf wont into tho croter of
ivjlauca this afternoon. The
couplo rodo out over tho lava while
tho others wont on foot,
trail has been smoothed
I was h'ro boforo in
so that it is ns easy
int over as a Honolulu
walk. Thoro is a ureat chancre in
tho groat pit of HnTemaumausinco
1890. Thou wo climbod lava stairs.
turned a corner and, reclining on ,
tho sholving brink, watched tho
play of molten lava in tho burn
ing lake n fow feot bolow our rest
ing place. Now it is all up hill,
for tlio quarter of a milo beyond
tho ond of tho horso trail, until ono
led to tho Very brow of tlio
awful cliffs overhanging a vast
abyss. It is pointed out by tho
guido where tho lake overflowed
and ato up tho crass hut provided
for,, tho comfort of visitors by
Wo stand on tho ragged and
riven verge and peer through tho
mass of whito vapor over ascend
ing. Tho vertical wall of thou
sands of strata of calcined rock is
visiblo for two to threo hundred
feot, but beyond is an apparently
bottomless chasm whoso walls
cannot bo discerned. We hurl
blocks of lava from where wo
stand, n vard or two from tho
j brink, as far out as wo caii, only
to seo thorn disappear, liko birds
' flyiuc into the clouds, in tho thick
veil of steam. No sound comes
back, excepting whon a missile
falls short, striking a jutting crag
perhaps five hundred feet below.
Now and thou tho veil would part
enough to got a dim glimpse of
rock perhaps livo hundred feot
almost straight down from tho
Thoro is muoh boat in tho rocks
at tho edgo of tho cliffs, but tho
floor of tho main crater, from a
short distauco outsido of tho pit,
is dead cold. This is a markod
difforouco from 1880, whon on tho
occasion of a recession of tho lava
Buch as tho present ono, thoro
woro innumerable cracks charged
with firo for a radius of morotnan
a milo from Haloraaumau, and
whon it rajned tho wholo floor w ith
in tho nino miles' circumforenco
sent up a Bhoot of vapor. At tho
samo timo thoro is far moro boat
inside Halomaumau itsolf now
than thoro was shortly aftor tho
collapso of 1886, whon tho bottom
of tho pit could bo soon only
clouded by omissions of palo
bluish smoko at sovoral points,
excepting whon rain mado steam
universal. Thoro is great heat
at the top of tho cliffs, whoro Dr.
Dillo sot his staff on firo in a cre
vice. Thoro aro numbors of
openings from which heat issues
so intonso that you cannot hold
your hand iutho blast. From tho
Volcano Houso veranda, as these
linos aro boing writton, tho steam
from tho crater is discolored with
columns of smoke. All those
manifestation indicate, in my un
sophisticated opinion, that old Ki
lauea is proparicg for another
poriod of activity oqual in gran
deur to any that have proceeded
it in living moinory.
Night has fallen sinco tho fore
goiug lines woro writton. Mauna
Loa is hiddou behind donso rain
clouds, and only onco has thoro
boon a glimpse of tho eruption up
till 10 o'clock. At suiiBOt it was
in plain viow and tho smoko
seemed to bo projected into the
upper firmament with greater
force than over, whilo tho column
was again noticed to have two
logs as if thoro was n double
eruption. There has not boon a
singlo intermission in tho display,
oithor day or night, sinco tho out
break was first discovered. All
the indications nro that tho acti
vity of Mauna Loa is going to bo
protracted, so that hundreds of
people not only from Honolulu
and othor parts of tho group, but
parties from San Francisco, may
have tho opportunity of witness
ing ono of tho greatest volcanic
eruptions in tho history of tho
Tho party leaving horo at six
o'clock tomorrow, under tho con
ductorship of Julian Monsarrat,
is composed as follows: Peter
Lee, ltov. E. B. Dillo, D. D. of
San Francisco, F. M. Wakefield
of tho Hilo Tribune, E. D. Bald
win, J. K. Farley, H. E. Wilson
of Puna, D. Howard Hitchcock,
B. 11. Phillips of Buffalo, Frank
S. Dodgo, Mrs. Holon Graham
and D. Logan of tho Bulletin. It
is expected to return on Thursday
ovening. O. M. Walton of Pohala
is going to join tho party on tho
This afternoon Mr. Wilson and
tho writer,' who had beou thoro
boforo, accompanied Dr.Dillo on a
visit to tho extinct crater of Ki-lauea-iki.
The doctor considered
tho sight well worth enduring a
wotting in tho rain to see, that
having como upon us in return
ing. Ho gavo it as his opinion
that tho tour to the Volcano Houso
iB full compensation for the trou
bio and expense. Tho Volcano
Boad alono ho considered full
compensation. With Wilson's com
fortablo coaches, a road as smooth
as Borotania Btrcot all the way,
and this hotol with equal comforts
to auyin tho metropolis, besides
a bracing climate such as Hono
lulu's environs do not afford, it is
a wondor that there is not a larger
stream of travel hithor. Tho vol
cano of Kilauea, moreover, is ono
of tho greatest wonders of tho
world oven when its fiory tides
aro in retirement beneath tho roof
of rock of thoir own raising. It
is not inactive at any time. There
is stupendous activity in its chnm
bors now, with manifestations of
sublimity unparalleled in thoir
way, and nono can say whon tho
presently retreated billows of
molten lava may not surgo again
Today tlio guide and" Mr. Phil
lips descended by a lnddor to tho
bottom of a cave ton feet deep
and of unknown latoral extent, in
which there is heat as intonso as
that of an ovon prepared
for baking. It is near tho
pit of Halomaumau and tho
descent is mado by a ladder. Not
wishing to bo ronsted boforo fac
ing tho winter zone of Mauna Loa,
I only wont down far enough to
cloar the roof. That was onough
to tost tho heat. Thoro aro other
places not so hot whoro wo wont
undorneath tho top lava crust and
gathered specimens of different
colors of lava. Ono of these cav
ities has a front of several arches
divided by pillars formed of
streams of lava that ran off tho
natural roof. Dr. Dillo and Mr.
Phillips oach took photographs of
tho curious structure Tho latter
also descondod an immonso
carthquuko fissuro in tho solid
basaltic rock, and photographed
it from its depth of ten or twelve
feot with Dr. Dillo and myself
standing on tho rustic bridge that
carries tho trail across.
Thoro is moro to bo seen which
is of extraordinary interest nbout
Kilauea than can woll bo covorod
in ono ilyii'g visit. Mnnngor Loo
novor rests from his laliors in
looking out for tho comfort and
enjoyment of tho guests of tlio
caravansary. It was entertaining
and onlivoning in itsolf thoso two
days and nights, seoing and hear
ing him forwarding arrangomonts
for tho Mauna Loa expedition.
Through tho tolophono ho scorns
to keep tho run of everything ou
tlio island pertaining to tho travel
As theso lines closo tho pillar
of firo on Mauna Loa is shining
strongly through tho inconstant
mists that screen tho mountain
loss thickly than earlier in tho
evening. Tho fires aro ovidontly
very fiorco from which tho stupou-
dous shaft of light is projected
into tho empyrean. V. u.
LEGISLATURE IN SESSION.
HEP. It01tOir' WANTS TO KNOW
AHOt' r PUNA ItOMl.S.
IIiiiino t IlcprccnlMlvr Divide ou.
the Qiir tlnn of New Fire Limit
Futy-Eiohtu Day, May 2.'
house or representatives.
Thoro was no session of the
Senate today and only ton mem
bers woro prosont when tho House
Piop. Bond on behalf of tho
Printing Committoo, reported bills
Nos. 21, 25, 27 and 28 as having,
beou typo writton.
Under a suspension of tho rules
Minister Coopor submitted nn Act
relating to condemnations under
tho right of ominont domain.
Bop. Ilycroft submitted two
questions, ono to Minister King
asking how much money had been
expended ou tho now road through
tho district of Puna, Hawaii; how
many miles of tho road had boon
completed and how mnny com
menced and not completed. Tho
other was to Minister Smith,
asking how much money had been
paid for tho maintenance of pri
soners' and luuns' salaries on said
Bop. Kamauoha, chairman of
tho committee to roport on tho
petition from Portugueso citizens,
asked permission to luivo thoir
roport translated boforo submit
Senate Bill No. 23, tho bill
establishing new firo limits iu
Honolulu, camo up for its third
Bop. Winston moved to strike
out tho first section, tho ono do
iiuing tho now limits. Bop. Ka
mauoha seconded tho motion and.
ropeated Ih'b argumout of Wednea
dny. .Minister Smith explained care
fully tho innnya manifest advant
ages of tho section.
Bop. Winston's motion was lost
and a voto of ayos and noes upon
tho passago of tho bill resulted in
Houso Bill No. 21, tho bill to
promote fonoiug, was road for tho
third timo and passed. House
Bill No. id, strikiug out Sec. 1331
of tho Civil Codo, also passed.
Bop. Bobortson introduced a
bill defining burglary and to ro
peal Chap. 13 of tho Ponal Codo
relating to burglary which passed
its first reading, as did another
bill providing a punishment for
tho crime of gross cheating, intro
duced by tho same niombor.
Houso Bill No. 27, dofiniug
larcony and amending Chapter Id
oftho Ponal Codo relating to that
crimo passed its third roadiug by
n unanimous voto.
Minister Damon requested per
mission to road his answers to
tho questions put to him by Bop
Bond. Following is a list of tho ques
tions and answers:
Question 1 What ia tho amount
of tho bonded debt hold abroad?
Answer Iu London, 1,000,000;
in tho United Stntos S100.000.
Quostion'2 What is tho amount
of bonded debt hold in Hawaii?
Auswor 81,900,000, approxi
mately. Question 3 Siuco tho iloating
of a loan abroad is always attoud
od with considornblo expense and
tho soiling of bonds iu this coun
try is attonded with littlo or nono,
caunot tho govornmont afford to
pay a higher rato of. interest for
a homo loan than for a foroign
Answer If it is tho intention
of tho government to confiuo tho
loan entirely to tho homo market
without roforouco to tho rnto at
which money could bo borrowed
abroad, a higher rato, commonsur
ato with tho expense, might bo
Question 4. Taking into con
sideration tho period of timo for
Continued on7th Page.
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