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HOW DYNAMITE 13 MADE.
Tlio Deadly j;Millro Cnnipmrit of 2iltro
Blyiirln nml Kurtli.
Tho best quality of dynaiuito is a
mlxturo of 75 per cent of nitroglycerin
mid 25 per cent of kieselguhr a sili
ceous enrth with n highly nbsorptivo
power, cnpablo of taking up two or
thrco times its own weight of nitroglyc
erin without becoming pasty. Tho ob
ject of tho mixture is to diminish tho
susceptibility of nitroglycerin to slight
fhocks, mid to facilitate tho carrying of
it without destroying Us e.xplosivo
force. Dynnniilo is in appcaranco not
unliko brown sugar. Wliilo moist it is
squeezed into caitridges, which aro
prepared of parchment paper, and tho
firing is ilouo by fulminate of silver in
copicr capsules, provided with patent
exploders. Its disruptive forco is esti
mated at about eight times that of gun
powder, and it has tho peculiarity of
taking effect in n downward direction.
Nitroglycerin, which is n light yellow,
oily liquid, is nitric acid 1 part and
sulphuric acid 3 paitu, to which is add
ed oidlnaiy glycerin and tho mixturo
well washed with pure water. It lias a
sweet, aromatic, pungent tasto and tho
peculiar property of causing a headache
when placed in a small quantity on tho .
touguo oruriht. It was ilrst if-ed in
bomb'? dropped fiom balloons in tho
Frauco-Gcmian war (1870-1).
How "Dog liny" Dcrlteil llirir N'mnp.
Tho dog daj s last, properly speaking,
from tho 3d of July to tho 11th of Au
gust, The popular theory is that they
aio ho called liccauso dogs then go mud;
but tho notion is ctmyologically false,
besides ooing untruo in fact. Dogs,
strango to say, aro rather less liablo to
rabies then than at other times. "Dog
days" isrreally a translation of tho Latin
dies canicularcs tho 20 clays beforo and
tho 20 days after tho heliacal rising (i.
e., appeaiauco in tho morning just bo
foro tlio sun) of tho star Sirius, whom
tho Romans called ' 'Canieula, " or littlo
dog. Tho ancients attributed n most
malevolent influence to this star our
"dog star," and sacrificed a brown dog
to it to appcaso its rage.
How Mountain Wcro Formed.
Mountains may havo arisen from
thrco causes: 1. From tho corrugation
of tho earth's crust, duo to tho effects of
secular contraction. 2. Fiom tho accu
mulation of materials poured out of
volcauio oriilce.s. 8. From the insula
tion of olevated masses of ground, ow
ing to tho lemoral by denudation of tho
materials connecting them, and to tho
consequent formation of valleys. Moun
tains formed in tho volcauio way tiro"
almost always conical, aud aro cither
solitary, as Utna, or occur in linear
groups, liko tho volcanoes of Java.
Thoso formed by denudation aro of
minor dimensions, and rather deserve
tho name of hills. Mountain chains, on
tho other hand, which aro tho dominant
features of tho earth 'b surfuco, though
they may bnvo lines of volcauio vents
along their curts, aro not formed essen
tially of volcanic material, but of tho
sedimentary and crystallino crust which
has been ridged up into vast folds.
Mountain chains must, thoreforo, bo re
garded ns ovideuro of tho hhiiuLiigo of
tho earth's muss. They may bo tho re
sult of ono movement of a long succes
sion of movements.
How to Mulni lint Flower.
Flowers made of taffeta sill; aro ono
of tho season's most popular garniture
for all kinds of headgear. They aro
very effective, and may bo mudo ut
homo nt comparatively small cost, and
equal in ovcry rchpoct to thoso bought
at a high priced milliner's. A doublo
rulllo of tho Bilk is joined and gathcicd
in tho center, something after tho fash
ion of a rosette. Tho centers must bo
purchased and should bo of tho samo
shade as thoo of tho natural flower.
Poppies, roses and larger flowers dovelop
most satisfactorily, tho smaller blossoms
requiring professional construction.
No .Him UNii Itllml
As hi who won't poo iu which
tlirt'otion his own interests lead.
Got into tho light path. Opon
your en os ami your pars to tho
truth. ' Senttlo Boor is pure, ns it
is brewed of iho finest hops and
malt increases vitulity aids
digestion builds up wasting tis
sues restores failing appotites
aud with all it's the most dolicioiiB
boor in Honolulu. On tap ot in
bottles at the Criterion.
Frames fur Citizons' Guard Cor
tiiicatcB made to order for from
10c. each up at King Bros., 110
A. J. Deiby, D.D.S., Dontal
office Cottage No. 100, Alakoo
Btroet tolephono o. Glfi. Office
hours 9 am. to 4 P.M.
King Bros, latest consignment
of picture frames has takon the
town by storm. The designs aro
ologant, up to date and of tho
Beautiful, ai tistio, acourato,
charming island viows at King
BroB. Every prominont point on
tho iblaucls is photographed by us
and painted by tho best of our
Tho Platinotypo Pictures by
Mr. Ilonblmw at tho Pacifio Hard
ware Co. aro tho finoat examples
of photogiuphic art ever soon in
Honolulu. J lint tho thing to send
a way to your fiiends.
- ---"- j " "m r. r V"'1" . !,
MfiBOPOLM K CO.
108 KING srilKET.
O. J. WAIiTjBII ... MAWAOtlt.
WHOLESALE AND BETAIL
CONSTANTLY ON HAND.
Metropolitan IVJeat do.
ring up m
The Central Meat Market
214 Nouanu Stiiket.
For Your Clioico
eftigBHsfcd .-. Meaig
Always on Hand Orders
promptly nnd carefully attend
WESTBROOK, GARES & SOHLETP.
Joseph TinkBr, - - Frapi
Beef, x7w$ Mutton,
Pork, SkcMia Vea!,
Of tho Finost Varieties.
Mul.crs of the Celebrated I'crfe Siuisnso.
310 Nuunnn stroot, opp. Chaplain lano.
I. O. Box 801.
City Peed Store
llerctnnla and I'unchbowl.
L. H. Dee & Co.
if jou uant our eow toule i iil' net lior
floinu Alfalfa liny ntCity Feul Stoic.
j:T Will lme on the IStti a supply of
Oregon Potatoes, Uajcauia Fiom ni.it iMttcr
For tho Equina Table iu tho
way of all kinds First Glass
HAY, G-RAIN $ PEED
Aro on salo by tho
WASHINGTON FEED OOM'Y
138 Fort St Tel. 422.
Big! Fat! Tender!
Thoy nro tho Very Finest Spccluions of tho
Noble American Bird ever offered
for sale here at
VOELLER & CO.'S,
SO Berotania Street, Wftriup; Block.
B TELEPHONE G80 "Wfo
H. JAY co.,
Wholesale and Retail Groceries.
515 it 517 Fort St., Honolulu
Tolenhoner 22 P.O. Box 470
Keening Jhtlleli 75c ycr month.
www" wt1' .ft fiViiwHwrwi
Castle & Cooke
HVT3PO RTER w,
".. Hard'waro "
Wm. G. Irwin & Go.
Wm. O. Irwin, - President and MnnnRor
Olnus Spreckels, - - - Vico-Prcsident
W. M. OifThrd, - Secretnn nnd Trcnsurer
Tboo. O. Porter, - - . Auditor
AGENTS OF THE
OCEANIC STEAMSHIP COMPANY
OP SAN FKANOISCO. OAL.
0. BREWER & COMPANY, LIMITED,
Queen street, Honolulu, H.I.
Hawaiian Agricultural Company, Onomea Sugar
Company, Ilonomu Sugar Company, Walluku
Sugar Compaii) , Walliee Sujnr Cprrp-uiy, Makee
Sugar Company, llaleakala Ranch Conm-im, Ka
papala RanUi. - I'lauttrs' Line ban Krancisco
Packets, Ch.n. Krcwer ft Co.'n Line of Boston
Packets. Agents! lio3ton Hoard of Underwriters.
Agents Philadelphli Hoard of Underwriters.
LIST OK omcMIS:
P O Jouea, rrcBidont; Guorgo H Robortson,
Malinger; E F Bisuop, Tronsuror and Soo
retnry; Col. W FAlk-u, Auditor; CM Cooke,
II Wntcrliouso, A W Curler, Directow.
n. .7. NOTl'K. Proprietor.
Tea sand 5o?5ee
AT ALL UOUU3.
THE FINEST BRANDS OF
Cigars and Tobacco
AI.WAY8 ON UAND.
Eagle -:- House
DiiRL KLEMME, FrDprlBtor,
Now manngeinout. CouimoilioiiB rooms.
Tnblo Uonrcl tho linost, iueluding juiiny
l'nlrttnblo Gcriiimi Dishes.
Board anil Koom, per week $6.50 lo $7.50
TaWe Board, jot weet $5.00
A FAMILY HOTKL.
Per Dny S a.00
Per Week 12.00
Cpaclca Satontlilsr Ratool
The Best of Atteiidnuee, tho Heat Situa
tion nud tho Finest Monla iu this City
SINGER'S -:- BAKERY
King St. noar T horaus Squnro
Home-Made BREAD I
BST'SorveJ Frosh every Dny
Cakes : and : Pies : to : Order
H. F. SINGER,
Tolophcmo 872. Solo Prop'r.
Hotel Btroot, near Fort.
BREAD, PJES and CAKES
Ot all kinds,
(J5CS Tho FinoBt Imported nnd IIome
The Elite Ice Cream Parlors
Krom i a m to II j- m j cm eau 'U u Cui)
of lteal Kona Collie ut tho "Kllte" IieCrcun
NOVEMBER 19. 1890.
I tnko pic 'x.if.ro iu nmiounc
iug to you tlmt 1 have remov
ed lo my ni a ci'ioitore nt NO.
11'! KOK.Nt'IUjJET and am
jjn imn-.i tu executo nil orders
,n rti,i:iiji to my businesa.
Jowcliy Iloj)niring, "Watch
Kuj)uiring, Fine Engraving,
oto., etc I linvo n linndsomo
stock of WnU-lies nml .Tmvol
ry to r.how you including n
largo variety of valuable lsl
nucf Curios. Your pntionngo
is respectfully solicited.
To My Patrons :
It gives iuo muoli pleusuro
to announce Unit Mil. M. 1.
COUNTER, ono of tho most
suilled wntclimnkcirs ever in
those Islands, is now managing
my repairing di'partmont. No
watch is so complex in its
mechanism but wo can givo per
fect Eutisfaction iu oorrfoting
tho ovils to which watches nro
hoir. Wutohos nro delicato
things to lmudlo. Wo guaranteo
that they will recoivo uo injury
at our hands nnd will leavo
our etoro iu norfoct ropnir.
E. A. JACOBSON,
G07 Fort Street.
401 Fort Street.
Me a Haaa W&n
O na Puna Makana
Kn Hiwnhhva oi loa aku o
ka Nnni Makamae.
E Hiki ko Hoomaemae
pu in no Wnti poino a mo ka
hnki o ko A-u.
Alnnui Pnpu, kokoke alnnui Moi.
G08 Nuu.vjiu Stheet.
Hairy Klemme, - - Prop.
Tho Best in
tho "World - - -
Best of Liquors cf Wines.
C3V. Our Sdoou is thorouehly ronovatod
nnd refurnished mid wo trust thnt our
stock will plouso otury tmto.
COME AND SAMPLE IT,
A general stock of Liquors, Alos and
FKKSH 11EEK ALWAYS ON DKAUUHT.
OUR PORT AND SHERRY,
Aro of the linost nnd come to na
direct from Europo. . .
OUR MCBRAYER WHISKEY
Imported ut might from Louis
JAMES OLDS, Prop.
KINO AND NCUANO 8TUEGTS,
The celebrated Enterprise
Bkku on Draught and in
GONSALVES & CO,
WHOLESALE GROOERS AND
225 Quoon stroot, Honolulu, H. I,
G. R. Harrison,
Practical Piano Makor and Tuner.
Can Furnish the Best
Office, Tort Btreet, oppoHitoCtttholio School.
Telephone 234, 442 nnd 100.
B5ay Crdors promptly nttonded to.
MISS CHARLOTTE H. PARMELEE
Is now prepared to tnko n limited mini
SJSJ" llesidenco: 220 Inietnum street,
opposite Hotel giitos. IIS hit
We havo received an immense stock of Infants and
Invalids Foods, consisting in part of . .
Mellins', Nestle's, Horlieks',.,
Lactated, Imperial Grantmi,
And last, but not least, the only
P5T Wo haven't any particular hobby to force on you,
but Jf you want food for Infants or Invalids, tho place to
get it is at tho
HOLLISTER DRUG "CO,
TIeo, Hj DVies Co..
Commission .. Agents I
H. HACKFELD & CO.
Importers and Doilora in
H. HACKFELD & CO.
201 to 215 Fort Street.
Just Received and For Sale
At the New Stand, King Street,
(Adjoining the Arlington.)
Whole Wheat Flour,
Golden Gato Flour,
Fresh Almonds and Walnuts,
Cal. Block Butter,
Onions, Etc., Etc.
H. B. McINTYRE & BRO.,
IMrOUTEKB AND i)HVLER8 IN
Groceries, Provisions and Feed.
New Goods Itocolved by Every Pnokot from the EuBtorn States nud Europe
FEESH CALIFORNIA PRODCOK BY EVERY STEAMER J
All Ordcru faithfully nttondod to tuid Goods DoliTorod to any
I'art of the City FIU'.K,
Island OnDns Bolicitkh, Satisfaction Gdaiuntiui
EAST COBNElt 1COKT AND KING STUEETS.
n mY i
212 KiiiR Street.
-1'. O. ItOX 140