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JLJ' IILd a 1131
Vol. II. No. 497.
THE EVENING BULLETIN.
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The Honolulu Sanitarium
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TelephuLo OiiU. Milpft'ljitviuliiit.
5i? Euerjir Bulletin,
DANIEL LOGAN. Editor.
THURSDAY, DEO. 31, 1890.
In tliopo closing hours of A. .
18'JG, it gives tliu chronick-r joy to
write, in very truth, thut for tho
Hawaiian Islands tho year has
been ouo of reinnrkablo piospcri
ty and absouco of adversity. Of
""b. '" ,, """ v""' "uu I
mainstay of tho country, here has
,, 4, . . , ' ,
been tho largost yield on record. I
mi il .ii .i
This result is partly due o in-
,, , . , . .
creased enterprise, but iu no .
(J II rr fit tlin rvliirtF 1 .... ...!
uegreo nlso to favoring
. , T b.
science of cultivation nud manu
facture, which is part of tho on
torpriso, shares in tho human
credit. Throughout tho hoight of
tho harvesting scuson tho prico of
our chief staplo has beon fair al
though not comparable with that
of RflTlin fnrniftr nnlrlnn vnni'o
-ii ii .
Ihero has been an mcioaso of
shipments of sugar to Now York
round Capo Horn, a feature of
our export trade which was new
only the previous year. This de
tracts so much from the volume
of trade with the Pacilic Const,
which has for many yearn been u
tolling exhibition, in ono conspi
cuous solidarity, of the aluo of
tho reciprocal commercial rela
tions between tho United States
n.wl TT,..n,-; it n, i. ..!... i
and there are compensations for
tho disarrangement in an increase
,.F Tn!,5 ,. I,,..-.. i.
islands and tho Pacific Coast,
which has beon m-oat tho naJ
year and productive of fresh do-
.velopment of trado that is bound
morennd more to exemplify tho
buying power of this couutiy.
Snnnkinrr nf ritir mnln cfttnl.i l.
last mouth of the year wituos.es
the ilontincof a vast now sur
,.i....jj i.:..j..i i.i--V..
KIUIIUIUU, il IUID laitixiu Ul VIlllll,
IvithllRilliiinl nFi.nnrl.. .,?!.
lion dollars. Also, tho poifecting
of arrnngemonts for issuing
large addition of new stock for
ono of the youngest, while already
Mm lnrrmul .,r 11... .,1 Ii.,..., ...
tho same island, whose shares aro
at a premium of about a hundred
While the production of 6Ugar
1Q 1 m a mnrti lltnn It j-1 l in !in .. ..
tho new industry of cofraisin g
,'.rnni,llv .,,' '
r.r...a :.! ....' i
uiiiuud, xjua i.i'-o uuuuijyiug ujjr
tonsivo nreas of virgin soil on
Hawaii, tne largest island, largo
plantations have boon Btartod and
others projected on Oaliu. Pine
apple raising has got beyond tho
oxperimoutal stage, tho fruit be
ing exported to tho Pacific Coast
by every steamor. Encouraging
rosults have also been obtained
from a factory for putting up tho
fruit in a preserved stato for tho
foreign market. Those now in
dustries are au important factor
in tho carrying out of the natiou
ftl policy of hnviiig the public do
main settled by an intelligent
claRs of independent producers of
woftlth. Tho procosa of colonizing
tho land to this end has boon
Btoudily progressing, nud, with tho
wolfaro of tho Bottlers, it is boing
promoted by opening up hitherto
almost iuacossiblo tracts with
roads. Tho island of Hawaii, ox
tromoly rugged iu Hb topography,
is in tho way of boing provided
with n good syHtom of ioiuIb, both
along piovioualyuiitroddon routes
and replacing dangerous liailn,
TllOUO tlijllH Uf piOyll'MM lll'U lilll't.
HONOLUEU, II. I., TIIUESDAY, DECEMBER
noted because their creation marks
to a large extent the closing year's
recora- j since tho sad time just mottioi.-d.
Prosperity and progress lmvo Month after month tho moHan-v
boon stamped upon this motropo- report of the Hoard of U..1M1
lis of tho Islauds this year in I showed a diniinuti..n from m
many now buildings. Several ' vious years iu tho (b-ath ink. -.i..i
immlfomo business block i !i ivn
been erected besides a number of
notable onus just boing occupied
this day twelvn mouth mro. In
dwellings the increnso Iihh bceu
renlly magical and, what i.s most
gratifying, a largo proportion of
! thorn are tho doinioilemor their
I owners. Wliat were nantiiro and
waste lands lees than two years
, . , r
n u"o "ow covered wjth iowh or
ffl. ,, ,. ... .
attructivo cottuges, with umnlo
i.. , , ' iio
mwn " garden spaces about
fIlom .., .,..,..,, ' , ,
' , e i i
people of moderate incomes from
i ,i. : i .. ,...
inuii iiiiuy (ivueauous. lYlttl tlJO
growtli of domiciliary Honolulu
of late years thoi-o has been evi
dent an improving tasto in cottago
architecture, which, conjointly
with a goneral ambition to utilizo
tropical advantages for homo do
coration, kpeps tho newer built
poitions of tho city plot cioao uo
! ,, , , ,v . K
iu uiu uiegnnt uroan standard
that has made (he older avenues
of Honolulu such a delight to
strangers. It is impracticable
m-n-to spccny me cmei ncquini -
iiuuu in iut.cMr in ousiuess ana
living stnicluies. Mention must
bo made, howevor. of the renlnm
lion of tho opera holise, nftor do
-L 1- .. 1... i . . i
Ul m,'invi" Ul xionoiuiu and
ot air, jLi-wui ot llonolnlu
Jia-f"1'" ' Sprockols and A.
.B' loc-lcola of San I-rancisco. In
both equipment ni,d elegance it
e '' .q'o modern edifice
t as ruined. Two neat church -
n,- V! frf,cloU""uo fo1' tho
"""" "V "copai uociy ana the
" , J-i"igueKo i roiost-
"" 7, A,,",l,-ls ,iro uclg cousin-
Miu.Mm y uro, wnicn nan l.eon . A Hchemo for refundin
completed thn.ugh the cutvrpriso j tional debt, to save on !,.
win uj cUO UOVOinment, WllllO'IUKl 0V0I1 tho onilmrm. of nnrnln
, P'lK,r ls . boillg lmnlu"' fr
lu" "'"" a eenual are
. Htation lo cost about 50.000. Pn
""ut"' ""'"..g too instances Ol p.O-
..........1 ll... ' i !
TT "t1d ,ou lo !) 8'
ees of tho two oeal corporations
.'t;l." "H the coasting traf-
h, thf! 18,n.,,f- 0ll ,,ir mw
""W hd3 tlst gOUO IU to 801 V1CO,
I""1 " TM" r"0 S 8UPPbed to
for tho Inter-Island Steam Navi
gation Company, both vessels hav-
been built on the Pacific
umL T1.'8 ,WiMuP, "-' "'
Company is ulso understood to
lmvo n now steamor not far
Honolulu harbor improvement,
bogun several years ago with tho
deepening of tho entrance channel
lo thirty foot, has been steadily
progressing with dredging in tho
inner harbor and tho building of
wharves. A dock for tho accom
modation of the largost steamships
iu tho Pacific, which thoy con ou
ter from tho mouth of tho harbor
without turning as at present, is
being excavated at this moment.
Operations of tho dredge aro car
ried ou by night as well as day.
Tho oponing of now streots and
tho widening of old ones, pro
vided for by tho Legislature this
year, couBtitnto an important part
of public improvements in baud,
while an ominont Now York en
gineer Mr. Horing is hero to
adviso tho Government especially
upon tho creation of a Boworago
syBtom nml, incidentally, upon tho
bottering of tho water mipply of
Honolulu. Theso lattor projootB
woro forced upon tho active atten
tion of tho Government by tho
iwitation of eholora iu loOfi. Horn
it is fitting to remark upon the i
optional immunity ol thid
i tnunity from postileuco, or any
I thiug akin thereto, almost evei
; thora has been ubsonce of
j thing like an epidemic of
I'ompaiatmdy mil. I diHrnv.s.
Such conditions are dfiubllr-., -d-tributaiil.'
in pm-t to til dri-tic
and thorough ernti4i::g tin iiitt-1
ligent citizens gave tiio city when
oholuia was piest-nt, follow-! by
increased aclivily mid vijjlluiioo
on tho part of the I'.oaidof Health
ill cni)HeiU-iii ..' :!i.-, vjhi ,:
Politically thoatiiiuaplior" L.f I be
Islands has b-eu seuno in I.MIU.
A regular Hossiou of tho Legibla
lure yieldu.l no uiuvo factional
difTerences amidst tho supporters
of tho now order in government.
Neither was thoro any serious
resentment provoked on tho side
of tho people who have not becomo
reconciled to tlio fundamental
change of polity wrought by tho
revolution of four years ago. Tho
Legislature did not at its regular
session do vin'oii"" tot1" r-c d
Of most llW'iHliltlv.t llnillna (lio
worid over, by tho effecting of
i useful results in quantity nuy-
1 where approaching duo propor-
j tion to tho tnno sjjent. Yet it
does not appear that its legisla
tion has boon, in any notable in
stance, of a mischievous nature.
account, has tuii. f.it piuod
fruitless of results, as also has the
grauting of extremely libetal con
cessions for ii tolograph cable be-
oen America nml this country.
or&onal ovents in politics lmvo
been few but rather interesting.
The lftBt ruiiminilJg ,,rioontJlo o
tho insurrection of lS'Jo wero re-
i,.,weii OI1 parole Now Year's dav,
' was raised from tho ex-Queon re-
That lady has taken
notable benefit of her liberty this
month by going to tho United
States, with a probability of ex
tending her journey to England.
Tho Attorney Goneral visited
Now Zealand to investigate tho
working of that country's land
ws, and Inter Japan and China
mako arrangomonts for pro
tecting Hawaii against tho in
vasion of pestilence from those
countries. Tho Minister ofForeign
Affairs a few days ago returned
front a tour to Washington, with
sido trips to I3oston and othor
cities of tho United States. Go
ing by tho Canadian route ho
also culled on tho new Government
of the Dominion. Both of theso
Ministers wore well received
wherever thoy wont, nud Hawaii
will bo better kuowu nbroad as
one result of their travels. Thero
has boon n revival hero of agita
tion for political uuion with tho
United States. It is boing con
ducted by moderate but earnest
and Bystomatic methods which, at
tho very least, aro cortain to bo
curo a bottor understanding of tho
question from both tho American
and tho Hawaiian points of viow.
A coubus taken this year bIiowb
that tho population of tho Islands
lins inoronfced by more than 20
por cent to 110,000 in round num
bers. Up to this writing, how
ovor, tho enumeration by races
has not boon given out, but it is
supposed that tho groatest ratio
of iuureitso has been in Asiatics,
imported for labor on tho planta
tions. At tho sumo time there is
reason to believe that there Iiiih
hi'iM a coiihidi'alj' hi; u lion of
J desirable sottlors of European
Ilenovolent nud philanthropic
institutions lmvo flourished in tho
'land. Kindergarten work has
becomo firmly established willt
pi umise of great results upon tho
iiii-utul and moral growtli of tho
'hildroii of tho country. The
) Uislinp Museum, founded as a
' memorial to the late Mrs. Budiop
by her husband, is about to lmvo
, n second largo addition, although
I aliKatly the leading repository of
i Polynesian curiosities nnd relics
I of lho world. Au nquarium for
; the exhibition of tho uiarino lifo
ifir oje.tn is now do-
, tiuin .v projected by the Bishop
Museum Trust, and is to bo ono
j of tho groatest institutions of tho
I ktnd in existonce. Charitnblo on-
b-rpriso in Honolulu is divided
between organizations of different
nationalities, and often theso find
thomselves strnitoned in resourcos
to meet demands for relief. Mrs. W.
G. Irwin has this past Christmas
given a nob'o example to wealthy
citizens, by apportioning five
thousand dollars nnionc tho dif-
! ferent charitnblo societies, besides
endowing a bed in tho Queon's
Hospital with six thousand dol
lars. Erom the foregoing instances
aud exhibits of Hawaiian commer
cial, political and nocial circum
stances iu tho year ISIKi, it may
bo taken that no inoroliboral wish
for tho new your need bo tittered
than that it may deal as kindly
with Hawaii ns has dono its pre
In tho United States tho prcsi:
dontial eleciiou was the monopol
izing concom of tho year until tho
fateful dav. William McKinlev's
election by a largo majority wns
not so much tho triumph of tho
Piopublieun patty itb it was a vic
tory of American devotion to law
aud order. The defeat of William
J. Bryan was moro than a quietus
for the timo being to tho doctrine
of free silver coinage or bimetal
lism. It was a strong
popular rebuke to that
brilliant politician's effort to pro
duco a division of the uation on
class lino.-. Immediately after
the election there was a revival of
industry and trado. This fact is
not to bo attributed to any well
founded anticipation of a speedy
reversion to extreme protection
idoas, but rather to the natural
rocovory of the country from tho
ausponso of lho currency agita
tion and tho ustinl paralysis to
business produced by a uational
election. A striking corollary of
tho finaucial uncertainty caused
by tho campaign was tho joint
official and privato otTott to main
tain tho credit of the nation. This
succeeded so woll, many millions
of gold boing imported, that tho
troasury resorvo of gold has beon
maintained well above tho safety
limit of 8100,000,000.
In our review of one year ago,
it was stated that a decisive crisis
was oxpocted, forthwith, in tho
struggle of Cuba for independ
ence. The expectation was not
roalized but is agaiii u fact aftor
tho lapso of a year, with enhanced
ndvantngo apparently for tho
Cubans. At latest advicea
thoro wns a strong probabili
ty that tho Congress of tho
United Stnlos would recoguizo tho
insurgents as belligerents, which
would give them n bolter standing
for taking advantage of what ap
pears to bo their improved posi
tion. 'Vwy an said now lo domi
nate tin i mul li!i k'U, , hi' clos
Phiok 5 Cents,
ing in upon tho towns, including
tho capital, which are held for the
most part by tho Spaniards. A
report that General Maceo, tho
insurgent leader, had been treach
erously beguiled into ambush,
under covor of a parh-y, and foul
ly murdered by th" Spaniards has
, not beon sufficiently confirmed for
acceptance. If it prove truo,
, doubtless another loader will
. aris, .tnd lho in fa my of Maceo's
.undoing mil but intensify the
t valor and tho vengeance of the
Cubans. Spain iu tho meantime
has had another rich colony rise
in arms against her rulo. The
Philippine Islands, ono of the
largest groups in tho I'ncific, are
seething in revolt, and heavy rein
forcements of Spanish troops hav&
been sent to quell the insurrection.
Tho issues at last accounts wore
extremely doubtful, nud tho titles
of Spanish cruelty from the scone
would befit tho dark ages better
thnn tho nineteenth century.
From tho dominions of tho Sul
tan of Turkey accounts have come
of atrocity and massacre visited
upon tho Armenians, not only iu
their own provinces but iu Con
stantinople, which lmvo made lit
civilized world staud aghast.
From ninny lauds the interference
i of the Powers ink' rested in the
overlpsting Eastern Question has
bti'ii invoked, but no single nation
or combination of natiouo has
boeil willine In iniilnvti. l.-n flm l."c.
jctpliniug of tho Turk. Mutual
(distrust of the Powers would
make tho attempt liable to bring
on tho horrors of u goneral Eu
ropean wnr. Humors with some
nppearanco of credibility, how
ever, nro mingled .villi tho latest
intelligence, to tha eircct that an
understanding has been reached.
I for accomplishing tho desirod ol
i ject, between Russia, Great Bri
i tain and Franco.
A tour of visitation made by
1 the young Czar of Ilussia to
neighboring countries, including
, ii call ou Qiteou Victoria in Scot
i land, has foimed au interesting
' topic of international gossip. If
j ho ofl'eoted anything important
I bearing upon tho great question
of the peace of Europe, or calcu
lated lo impiove his ownEmpiro's
I position for either peace or war.it
has not yet been cortaiuly divulg
ed. His tour was probably taken
to help him iu fooling his way to
ward a definite policy, as it ha6
been reported that a radical
change in llussiu's attitude to
ward various countries was iu
Closo upon tho Czar's tour came
a sonsation produced by Prince
Uismarck's revolutions of n secret
treaty of neutrality betweon Rus
sia and Germany in viow of possi
blo troublo botweon lUtBsia and.
Austria. Such n treaty coexistent
with tho triple nllianco of Gor
niaiiy, Austria aud Italy for the
preservation of peaco, has boon
denounced on tho continent and
in England, aud tho voxation of
Gorman statesmen at tho revolu
tions is exhibited in abuso ot
Prince Bismarck by tho official
11 may be said that tho year has
brought the vast territory of tho
Sotidou in Africa within tho Bri
tish Empire. Gloat Britain was
left severely itlono iu Bonding ait
oxpodi.tion of Egyptian soldiery
to sttbduo tho marauding Mult
ilists. She Hiicoeedod and thou
naked to linvu tho expenses of the
campaign paid out of tho general
fund established by hurHulf nml
CunllnutJ Di J"i '(,'.,