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Evening Paper Published
you Don't Gel ALL the News.
on the Hawaiian Islands.
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Vol. III. No. 574.
HONOLULU, H. I., FRIDAY, APRIL 2, 1897.
PllIOK 5 Cxnts.
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THE EVENING BULLETIN.
Publishod every day except Snndny Bt
210 King Street, Honolulu, II. I.
Per Month, anywhere In iliu Ha
waiian Islands 8 76
Per Year. 8 00
Per Year, postpaid to America,
Canada, or Mexico 10 00
Per Year, postpaid, other Foreign
Countries 13 00
Payable Invariably In Advanoo.
Telephone 250. V. O. Box 89.
B. L FINNEY, Manager.
.. of the ..
Is mado by
parilla. At this
warm and de
aro with us,
thero is noth
ing liko AVer's
put new lifo
into tlio slug
It sweeps away
loci; of appe
ncss, and pain,
as a broom
docs not braco
up. It builds
up. Its benefit
is lasting. Do
you feel run
rKKPAKED BY .
OR. J. C. AYER & CO., Lowell, Mm, U. S. A.
aler'3 I'llls, Mild but affective.
Hollister Drug Co., Ltd.
Bolo Agents for the Itepublio ot Hawaii.
We have just received a lino
of GRASS LINENS ofEX
TREMELY FINE QUAL
1TY and nro safe iu Baying
they nro the fiuost ovor im
is much superior to silk in
nppoarnnco and thero is no
comparison whatever in the
wear. We have them in
White and Colors
L L GAH
H. Gr. BIAJEIT,
401 Fort Street.
Jeweler and VatcImaep.
tW Having bought out the entire
took of J E. Gomes I am prepared
to furnioh Flratclaaa Jewelry at rea
Watclmakins anfl Repairing a Specialty.
I6T Native Work of all kinds. Alio
Architect and Superintendent
E3b Offico: 305 Fort street,
Sprocket' Block, Room 5.
HOME OYSTER CULTURE
uni rr.D niatkn risn conntuioK
ki:poht on rnAiti. iiaiciioii.
No llmilil Itint (lie Water nro Nultnblr
SllCKcmlnu oflicltvr Locution
.lor Ilia MeiU.
John F. Colburn ha8 received
the following letter from Captain
Mosor of the United Stntes Fish
Commission's steoinor AlbatrosB.
It will bo remembered that Mr.
Colburn ontortamed the Captain,
officers and scientific nttaohes of
tho ship by a railway excursion to
his, Pearl Harbor residonco and a
luau at that place, tcgothor with a
samplo treat of his oysters, on the
18th of last November. The lettor
of Captain Mosor explains itsolf :
U. S. Commission of Fish and
Fisheries, Steamer Albatross,
Sau Diego, California, lGth
Hon. John F. Colburn, Honolulu,
My dear Mr. Colburn: In my
report to the U. S. Commissioner
of Fish and Fisheries on the
opemtioiib of this vessel for tho
Hix months ouding December 31,
18, I Haiil on the subject of
"Oyster Culturo in Hawuii," tho
''Tliiit tlie oystor wnB a native
of theso waters 'iud occurred in
great numbers is eidonc6d by
tho numerous oyster banks found
iu different localities now raised
abovo tho sea lovol and having an
earthy covering. When visiting
tho fish ponds on tho Pearl Lochs
1 examined tho ancient oyster
banks on the eastern side of tho
Middle Loch on the neck which
joins Wnipu with tho mainland.
The Bhorohne here consists of a
vertical bluff from 10 to 15 feet
high with a strata of oyster shells
0 to 8 feet thick. This strata is
oxposed on the loch faco for fully
half n milo aud can bo traced for
a long distance across the ponin
sula. I procured a numbor of
specimens which havo boon for
warded from which it may bo
seen that they closoly resemble
our own eastoru oyster. Theso
aro not shell heaps liko those on
our southern coast aud iu other
localities, but aro eutiro, in situ,
as both volvo4 aro usually
iu place and can bo readily re
moved. Thoy do not scorn to oc
cur in masses or clusters, but aro
largo single oysters iu size ro
sembling tho bettor varieties of
marketable Chesnpoako Day
oysters. It is possible that theso
oyster bnuks wore formed luyer
by lnyor, tho upper ones smother
ing tho lower until through somo
natural eauso tho bedB wore cov
ered with mud and nfterwards
lifted abovo tho sea level. On
this little, peninsula in two differ
ent places I examined the remains
of largo numbers of pearl oystors
which soom to havo occurred in
pockets amongst tho othor oysters.
Tho sholls wore all so friable that
no good specimens could be pro
cured, but from tho mass
of debris I was ablo to get
sufliciont evidenco that thoy wore
pearl oyster shells. I was also
told that at tho present day a fow.
poarl oysters aro found off lleck
"Upon invitation of Hon. John
F. Colburn, I visited his fish nud
oystor pond on Poarl Lochs. The
pond Loko Paauau on tho chart
is his property and I think ho is
tho only porson who is making
any effort in oyster culturo on
theso islands. In reply to an in
quiry requesting information re
lating to his efforts in oystor
culture in Hawaii I quoto as
(Hero I inserted a verbatim
copy of your lettor to mo under
dato of Nov. 19, 1890.)
"From, the foregoing letter it
will bo aeon that oyster culture in
Hawaii is of vory modem dato
and from my own observation in
an experimental stage I think
thero is no doubt that the waters
aro suitable for oystor culturo:
tho ancient beds and tho expo
notice of Mr. Colburn attest it,
but' experiment will alono dis
cover tho proper conditions for
n commercial enterprise.
"I wont over the oystor beds
with Mr. Colburn nud wo took
from the water both transplanted
oystors and thoso that had been
propagated iu tho pond, specimens
of which havo been forwarded.
When takon from tho water thoy
have a brownish apponranco
which upon inspection proves to
be a mossy growth on tho shell.
They aro largo, well rounded, and
wheu opened beautiful in np
pearanco and of good ilaor. It
is difficult to judgo the llavor of
an oyster when one is not in a
real oystor country. In Sau
Francisco ono roli&hes tho eastern
transplanted, when in Norfolk or
Washington these same oysters
would bo considered rather
"To my tasto Mr. Colburn's
oystors had a slight flavor of tho
moss or grass and they soonied to
havo too much fresh wator, simi
lar to some found along tho coast
of North Carolina and olsewhoro,
though the specific gravity,
1.01G988, toinperaturo 78 Fahr.,
does not indicate too much frh
"Theso oysters aro planted in a
fish pond stocked with mullet.
The bottom is soft and I boliove
covered with grass. The gratings
for tidal access aro vory small.
Mr. Colburn deserves much
praiso for the manner in which
he has conducted this work, but
it is my opinion that ho has not
selected tho best ground in tho
locality for oystor culturo. Tho
fish in tho pond must necessarily
dostroy tho spat; over a soft or
grassy bottom with few spat col
lectors, tho spat havo nothing to
fasten to, and in confined areas of
wator tho struggle for existonco
must be vory great.
"Off tho bluffs before alluded to
where the ancient oystor beds are
located tho water shoals graduolly
and tho bottom appears to be not
vory soft, and so far as I could
see clear of grass. Proper ex
ploration would probably dis
cover othor grounds open to tho
full tido and well adapted to
oyster culturo. If then a favo
rable selection of ground were
mado and properly prepared with
plenty of material for spat col
lection, enclosed by suitable fonc
iug and tho proper plants made,
I believe thut tho oyster would bo
successfully and profitably pro
pagated in thoso waters.
"Experiment alono would deter
mine tho untural enemies to bo
guarded against. Plants from the
Gulf of California, whore tho con
dilioiis aro somewhat similar to
those of Hawaii, I believe would
be more suitable than enstarun."
I beg to ouolose herewith a copy
of each photograph takcu upon
tho occasion wheu yon entertained
us so handsomely at n luau aud
trust' it may servo as a pleasant
remembrance of tho day. My on
ly hope is that some day 1 may
revisit dear old Hawaii whoro tho
generous hospitality of my friends
has made mo fool 'as though I
woro at homo.
With Aloha Nui to you all,
Very truly yours,
Jr.iT. F. Moamt.
Anchored is what tho man said
when ho dropped into tho Anchor
Saloon. Why? said his friend.
Because you can always get a
cool refreshing drink served by
gentlemanly attendants, and if
you happen to drop in during
lunch hour you will bo regaled
with solids ns well ns liquids. In
fact the lunch at tho Anchor is
said by many to bo tho best in
town. Tho celobrated Seattlo
beer is on tap. It is sparkling
and ico cold. Tho finest of wjnos
nnd liquors in town nro to bo had
at this popular rosort.
I'repnrliiit for War.
Pretoria, March 17. President
ruger, in tho courso of a speech
said: "While this unrest lasts
my hands aro tied, aud I must
proparo for war."
IIOMCII OP HIIPKRVIROIIN IN 8r.N
SIO.M THIN lUOKM.VC.
liirvrlne llrpiirU from Ihr Varloito
Kliidrrunrteiin llr.lminllon ol
ll Iliickry, of I'iiUiiik.
There was a full meeting of the
Board of Supervisors of the Free
Kindergarten Schools at Quoon
Emma hall this morning, Mrs.
In tho report on tho opening of
tho now Portuguoso Kindorgarton
building, tho following donations
wore noted in addition to tho main
ono of S1U35 ftom J. 11. Ather
ton. Mrs. Butler of Chicago $25 in
John Einmeluth, one-third of
tho cost of tho plumbing on the
LowerB & Cooko, ono set of
The donation of Mrs. Butler
has been applied to tho insurance
on the' building for threo yours,
leaving $1.30 in tho hands of the
Tho Board unanimously adopt
ed a vote of thanks to A. F. Cooko
for his valuablo sorviccs on tho
Thore nro seventy scholars on
rolled in tho Portuguoso school at
Mention was mado of tho good
effect tho Kindorgarton is already
having on the neighborhood. Tho
Portuguoso aro gonorally cleaning
up their yards and repairing
dwellings and fonces; tho children
attending school are being bettor
dieted and are much more clean
ly in their gouerr.l appearance.
Mrs. W. A. Fuller was appoint
ed chairman of tho Hawaiian
Committeo iu place of Mrs. J. T.
Watorhouso, resigned on account
Tho resignation of Miss Buckoy,
in chargo of the Palnma school,
wbb received aud accoptod with
regret. The vacancy has not yet
beon filled. There are 90 children
enrollod at this school,
while thore nro only nccoramoda
tions for 55 or GO.
Iu tho roport from tho Chinese
schools Mrt. Biruiomoutioned the
case of a Chinese girl who had
done tho best work of auy in
gettiug a program of Kindorgar
ton work on tho sun. Tho pro
gram was considered do good that
it would be used with littlo
i in: iii:alani ,iiasqiii:iiaih:.
Tim I'.voiil I'oMponrd rllittl I'rldiiJ,
F. B. Oat, who is iu charge of
the arrangements for tho coming
masquorado ball of tho Healani
Boat Club, requests tho Bulletin
to announce that, in defereuco to
tho wishes of several who do not
Icare to attend ndaucenu the even
ing of Good- Friday, the oveut hos
beon postponed until tho Friday
following, April 23.
Ab beforo intimated, no tiokots
will be sold at tho door nor any
money taken on the night of tho
ball, Admission will bo by ticket
only and thoso purchasing tickets
will be required to give tho names
of those who will nttoud. This
rule is adopted in doferouco to tho
very general desiro of tho mem
bers of the club aud their families.
By tho steamor Miowora, tho
Criterion Saloon rocoived a largo
consignment of tho eolebrnted bock
boor, browed by tho Seattlo Brow
ing aud Multiug Co. This is tho
first book to mako its appoarnuco,
nnd is a suro indication of bettor
A. H. M. McOhoBiioy and A.
Frnrtft left for Sau Francisco to-
day on the bark Martha Davis
This is said to bo Capt. Soulo'i
last trip on that vessol.
OAIIU .NtKJAIl COMPANY.
I'arinnncnl Ofllerre ami Director
Klccted Tlila Mn rill lie.
At a mcetiug of tho Btockholdrs
ot tho Oahu Sugar Company tho
following permanent ofiicors woro
elected: President, Paul iBonborg;
first vice prosiden', B. F. Dilling
ham; Becond vice-president,
M. P. Robinson; treasur
er. J. F. Haokfeld; secretary,
Ed. Suhr; auditor, W. F. Allou.
Directors, S. O. Allou, F. .1. Low
rey, W. Welter and C. A. Brown.
Tho meeting approved all that
had been done by the tomporury
directors and officers.
Tho reports showed great pro
gress in tho work of plowing;
also that tho steam plows would be
hero in July and the pumping
machinery in August.
Comparatively Low Itealli Kale lor tlia
Agent Koynolds' mortuary re
port for tho month of March is at
hand. Thero wore 51 deaths in Ho
nolulu laat month, of whom 29
woro malos and 22 femaled. Tho
nationalities woro: Hawaiian 27,
Chineso 9, Portuguese 5, Japan
oeo 5, British 2, United States 1,
In tho cases of fourteen of tho
deaths moutioned thero was no
medical attendnnco whatover.
Tho death rate for tho samo
mouth iu tho past fivo years has
been: 1893, 51; 1891, -15; 1895, -15;
1890, 03; 1897, 51.
Tho aunuat death rato per 1000
of last month's moit.tlity is 20.40.
By nationalities: Hawaiians, 28.
17; Asiatics 10.18, foreigners 14.11.
A Mr. Hill loft Sydney in tho
Zcnlandia for a health visit to Ho
nolulu accompaniod by his wife.
Mis. Hill suffered so much from
seasickness that, on arrival nt
Apia, Samoa, undor medical ad
vice tho couple wont ashore there.
Tho chiof of police, Frios, shadow
ed Mr. Hill for his close auswor
ing to tho description of an abscon
der from Australia named Genke.
After somo dnya ho arrested tho
visitor, who upon examination
was romanded for seven days.
This was done in spite of news
received that Goako had been ar
rested nud taken to Syduey and
arraigned thore. Tho Samoa
Horald says tho British Consul
is not frco from coiisuro for tho
Miss Hattie McGuiro celobrated
her biithday yesterday by giviug
a luau. to her frionds at her
home, Littlo Britain. Music,
games aud dnucing mado tho
timo pass all too quickly.
Thoso prosont woro Cnpt. nnd
Mrs. Garteuborg, tho Misses Mc
Iutyru, Liz.io Gurnoy, Clara Gur
noy, Dot Weir, Ella Dayton,
Messrs. Vida Thrum, Wm.Thomp
son, DigbyRloggett, If G'le" Ed.
Paris, D.ivid Dayton, Tom Whito
A G-roomed cottago, stables
nnd servant's quarters, situate on
Wilder avenue. Largo grounds
well laid out and planted with
fruit nud ornamental trcos; ono
full set of furniture and cooking
stove can romaiu in tho houso if
wanted. Apply to A. V. Gear,
210 King stroot.
About 40 votora havo been re
gistered at tho Judiciary building
thus far. Tho hours aro from 9
to 12 forenoon nnd G to 9 evening.
Somo who 'cnrao up whoso taxes
forl890had not boon paid beforo tho
end of tho yoar woro bitterly dis
appointed to find thoy could not
vote at next election for the Le
gislature. Talk to tho board about
having "oarriod a gun," etc., was
of courso emiuontly irrelovnnt.
Superior breakfast sausage is a
Biieoialtv at tho Coutral Market.
J Ring up 101.
IN THE HIGHER COURTS
MKVKItAI. PltOIIATK ,11ATTi:ll.S ,'. II I:
II' AT CtfA.'niir.ltS.
llrnl I iimc of .llalii'liuiii Minor to he
Nolil llr. ICmjiiioikI'o Still Aunliit
PhIu Innlnllnu Company.
Tho ndmiuistration of Wnrren
Goodalo's estate was continued by '.
Judgo Carter this morning, oiug.aKrK(MJl(
to no one appearing, until next
Emma Mnhelona, as guardian of
her minor childroii, petitioned for
liconso to sell certain laud inter
ests of tho wnrdB at Moannliia,nnd
invest tho proceeds for their bene
fit, as the lands are now yielding
no rents or profits whatover.
Judge Carter grantod tho potition
undor bond of $250. D. H. Case
Judge Cartor approved tho ac
counts of James B. Cnstlo, admin
istrator of the estate of tho late
Henry N. Castle, aud ordered his
discharge. Accounts show- re
ceipts of 811,271.75, payments of
$34,11-U0, balance S7157.35. Peti
tioner in person.
J. A. Thompson, a deputy
clerk, took the deposition of Dr.
P. J. Aikou, of Pain plantation, iu
the cause of Dr. ltaymoud against
tho Pnia Plantation Co., this
morning in presonco of A. G. M.
Robertson, nttorney for plaintiff,
aud S. M. Ballon, one of the coun
sel for defendant. It is to bo
used nt tho hearing of tho cause
subject to objections.
Bishop Willis hus been dis-.
chargod as .guardian of Henry
Bolster by Judge Carter, tho ward
having como of age. Amount
I paid to tho beneficiary ovor $000,
ueing nis uisinuutive snare in tno
estato of his father, the lata A. S.
five yeaks t'UK coKiurrr.
Six Monllia Kacli on Ten Separate
In tho District Court this
morning the cases against D. W.
Corbott woro unexpectedly ,
brought up. Marshal Brown and
Aotiug Attorney Goneral Cooper
appeared for tho prosecution nnd
J. A. Magoou for tho defendant.
Tho dofondnnt, who was churged
with violating Sec. 1, Chapter 36,
Pennl Codo, in Honolulu, Island
of Oahu, during tho month of
January, 1894, by indulging in
certain lascivious bohnvior mani
festly tending to the corruption of .,
tho raornls, honosty and good
habits of tho people, tho samo be
ing a common nuisance in tho
first degree and without authority
or justification by law, pleaded
guilty, and also-to nine othor sim
ilar charges in separate mouths of ,
the samo year, roceiviug a
sontouco of six mouths hard labor
on each, togothor with costs. Each
Hiicccodiug sontouco to tako effect
after tho previous ono.
In consideration ot tho fact that
tho defendant pleaded guilty to
thoso ton charges, tho Attornoy
General announced that tho Gov
ernment would not prosecute tho
oloventh, to his mind tho most
Borious of nil.
The, dofondnnt'8 wifo was iu
Court during tho proceedings,
but was not visibly affected.
After tho sentences had been
pronounced tho defendant was
allowed to say his farowolls to his
wifo' in Judgo Mngoon'a ottico,
nftsr which he was takon to Oahu
Tin: pacific vaiii.i;,
Suror Iriini Nyduey to Honolulu by
In its usual summary of move
ments of naval ships, tho Auck
land Herald mail edition of
March 19 saysi
"Tho Ponguin has arrived at
Sydnoy from Hobart. Sho leaves
next month to survey tho proposed
oablo route ftom Sydnoy to Hono
lulu, a work which is expected to
occupy about six inoutha."
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