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Vol. III. No. 608.
HONOLULU, H. I., WEDNESDAY, MAY 12. 1897.
Price S Cents,
THE EVENING BULLETIN.
Published every day except Sunday at
210 King Street, Honolulu, II. I.
Per Month, anywhere In the Ha
waiian Islands 8 76
Per Year. 8 00
Per Year, postpaid to America,
Caunun, or Mexico 10 00
Per Year, postpaid, other Foreign
Countries 13 00
Pnynblo Invnrtablv In Advance
Telephono 250. P. O. Box 89.
B. L. FINNEY, Manager.
.. of the ..
Is made by
parilla. At this
warm and de
aro with us,
thero la noth
ing liko Ayer's
put new lifo
into tho slug,
It sweeps away
lack of appe
ness, and pain,
as a broom
does not brace
up. It builds
is lasting. Do
you feel run
DR. i. C. AVER ft CO., Uwell, Mu., U. S. A.
Ayer' Pill, Mili but Effective.
Hollister Drug Co., Ltd.
Sole Agents for the Repnblio of Hawaii.
Von Holt Block, King Street,
Are Marking Down all
Their Goods to Auction
Trices, the lowest ever
They are also opening
New Goods ex (Australia.
Real Estate Broker.
209 Y, Merchant Street.
1 Sumy in Gno order; price $200.
Houhk Hiul Lot, 7(3x155 ft., im No. 71
Youuu Htiui; pallor. 3 buiiroom", kitolicu
Lot ou Wilder nvenne 100x300 ft., fenced.
Lots on Kiuau aud Piikol stroetB.
House on Itobollo lane, Falama; 3 bed-
rooms, tuning room, Kitcneu, iwurooru,
carriuiie Iiiiubk nml t-talilc; lurRe yitrtl.
HouBe ou lierotiiniu street, near Piikoi
street; 4 rooms, dining-room, kitchen, bath
room and an empty lot to keep a horse.
Architect and Superintendent
E& Office: 305 Fort street,
Sprockols' Block, Boom 5.
Laa aaaaaaaam Jw
SCHOOLS OF THE ISLANDS
UKl'UKT or THE I.NSPECTOR MEN
I.KAI, roB TUB TCAIt 1896.
NiilonulllicN ol Tenrhcra nml 1iiiIN
Urvnt Incrcimc in AUrndHiice
for All School.
Houry Schuler Town send, In
spector General of Schools, soino
time ago presented bis report of
the Bchools of the Hawaiian Isl
ands for the year 189G to the
Minister of Public Instruction.
Minister Cooper haying forward
ed tho report to President Dole
kindly allowed a Bulletin rep
resentative access to the docu
ment with its accompanying
statistics. The only printed re
ports issued aro biennial for sub
mission to the Legislature, but
two years is a long time for the
people to wait for an oxhibit of
the rapid progress of education in
Hawaii. Therefore the following
abstract is laid before our readers.
NEW SCHOOL BUILDINGS.
Mention is made of the many
new Bcbool buildings put up dur
ing the year, including a four
room bouse on tho High school
ground and a two-room houBO on
the Boyal school ground for a
practise school for Normal school
students. It is shown that all the
new buildings and additions were
not provided before they bad been
urgently needed. Besides, rooms
formerly disused have come into
use again at several places and
rooms have been rented in about
equal number. Buildings are
urgently needed at Papaikou, Ka
huku, Makaweli, Honaunau, Pearl
City, Kaiwiki, Piihonua, Pahoa,
Fapaa, Ealaoa, Olaa, Mokuleia
and Nihiku. In the new coffee
and homestead settlements many
children are deprived of schooling
for want of accommodation.
Tho Inspector General, on tho
cognate subject, argues that "a
teacher's cottago should bo a
house such that a man of sufficient
force and character to give digni
ty to tho school by his personali
ty will be willing to rear his
family in it.
THE TEAOIIINO FORCE.
"The most important element in
the organization of a school is the
teacher," says Mr. Townaend.
"As is the teaoher, bo is the
school." And further along he
observes: "It cives me pleasure to
say that evidences are abundant
that our teaching force has con
tiuued to improve in efficiency
during the past year, as during a
number of preceding years. Ex
aminations of teachers have shown
nn unusual largo percentage of
success, ana the time seems not
far distant when it will be prao
ticablo to enforce the rule that
none but certificated teachers shall
be employed in the publio
schools." Ho suggests, however,
that a certificate at best represents
only tho acceptable minimum of
desirable qualifications, and tho
real work of preparation for tho
offico exteuds beyond tho re
quirements of a certificate. This
work is voluntary, and tho fact
that a largo number of teachers
aro showing a commendable
degree of enthusiasm therein
is treated, with full details, under
tho throe heads the National
Teacher's Association, tho Summer
School and tho Normal School.
At the end of the year about 150
teachers were taking a special
course of study under the aus
pices if the Association. Thero
were 207 enrolled in tho Summer
School at its first session, which
was conducted by Prof. F. B.
Dressier, Ph. D., of tho State
Normal School of California. Tho
crowing attendance at the Normul
School compelled tho engagement
of an assistant teacher, and a
practise school has been provided.
It is remarked with gratification
that a number of teachers of con
siderable experience and good
ability have become students in
tho Normal School.
INDUS rill AL EDUCATION.
Under this head it is stated that
the plain sowing which has been I
gradually introduced into many of
our scnoois is producing
excellent results. Besidea
its iutrinsic beuofite, it promotes
interest and attendance. Tho
sloyd work for boys has beon less
eauatnotory, though excellent re-'
suits have been attained in a few
cases. Knife work seems better
adapted to countries having long
winter ovoning.o with darkness
and cold interfering with outdoor
work or amusemont. Thero is no
such industry in this country aud
probably there will bo none in
tho near future Tho Inspector
General therefore recommends
bringing about the time when
boys in our schools may be
taught in a practical way the
olemouts of agriculture.
THE COURSE OF STUDY.
Mr. Towusend says: "During
tho year I have been giving most
earnest attention to tho course of
study in the public schools. That
it is not ideal, or even satisfao
tory, all concerned agree. It
would bo an easy undertaking to
prepare a course which would bo
more nearly ideal as it would ap
pear on paper. But to prepare
the best course of study that
can oo introduced into our
schools by our teaohors requires
much careful thought. I shall
probably present a now course of
study during tho coming year,
which iu my opinion will better
meet our present requirements."
Upon the statistical tables ac
companying tho reports, some of
the more important of which are
reproduced below, Mr. Towusend
makes a few remarks. He gives
credit to lm deputy, J. F. Scott,
for the chief work in preparing
the tables. During the year there
has been a gain iu attendance of
1407 or '11 per cent. Hawaiians
of full blood have increased 273
or 5 per cent. Part Hawaiiauu,
245 or 11 per cent just the
average gain. Portuguese have
increased in number 414 or 13 per
cout. Of tho entire attendance
56J per cent is Hitwaiiau
and part Hawaiian and 25
per cent Portuguese. There is a
significant increase in the uumbor
of Chinese and Japanese, though
the proportion of these nationali
ties is Btill small. It is also sigui
ficant that the uain in attendance
is much greater, both absolutely
and iu percentage, in Honolulu
than in any other district. Of
children under six years of age
there has been a gain of 24G or 4G
per cout. Of those ovor 15 years
of ago there has been a guiu of
24G or 28 per cent. These facts
suggest the Kindergartens and the
High School, though the High
School can only partially account
for the increase of 24G. In Honolu
lu only 4 per cent of tho children
in tho public sohools aro pursuing
high school studies, whereas iu
cities of Birailar size in America
tho average is about 10 per cent.
"Of all teachers in tho country
4GJ per cent are Americans; in
publio sohools 37J per cent, in iu
dependont schools 39.J per cout.
This indicates the toudoucy of our
civilization. The average salary
paid publio school teachers at the
end of the year was 8626 as
against $012.50 a year earlier.
This results from raisiug tho sala
ries of those iu tho lower positions.
This was necessary and has been
justified by the better class of teach
ers obtained for tlieHO positions.
Yet tho average cost of tuition per
pupil his fallen during the year
from 818.06 to S17.20. Tho aver
ago uumbor of pupils for one
teacher iu the public schools
throughout tho islands was 3G,
and the avorago for one teacher in
tho indepoudent schools was 19.
In concluding his report Mr.
Towusend' brioily indicates tho
more sorious probloms confront
ing the Dopartment for solution.
They inoludo inoreasod and im
proved accommodation and, which
is regarded as the groatost of all,
tho supply of teaohors for a do
maud that is increasing and like
ly to coatiuao to iuoroaso.-
Following aro some of tho sta
tistical tables preseutod in tho re
nationalities pupils all schools
Island of Hawaii:
Hawaiian . . .
British . . .
Grand totnl 2009
Island of Maui:
Hawaiian . . .
Part Haw'n .
American . ..
Grand total 1319
Island of Molokai:
Part Haw'n .
Grand total 114 G4 178
Island of Oauu:
Hawaiian... 1054 798 1852
Part Htiw'u. 010 711 1321
American... 183 170 353
British 82 133 215
Gorman 71 G4 135
Portuguese. 754 527 1281
Scandinavian 33 27 GO
Japanese ... 90 41 137
Uhiuesu.i... 488 177 U5
Island.... 8 5 13
eign 45 17 62
Grand total 3124 2G70 G094
Island of Kauai :
Grand total 877 G88 1565
The Whole Group:
Mulo Female Total
Hawaiian 3,048 2,432 5,480
Part Haw'n... 1,147 1,290 2,443
American 219 198 417
British 105 151 256
German 152 136 288
Portuguese.... 2,060 1,534 3,6l0
Scandinavian.. 51 47 98
Japanese 242 155 397
Ohinoso 641 280 921
South Soalsl.. 15 13 28
Other foreign.. 57 33 90
Grand total.. 7,743 G.275 14,018
This grand total is 5 short of
the result iu the other tables, pro
bably owing to an error by the
roportor in copying. Ed.
No. of Souoola. Teachers. Pupils.
Male Fom t'U
Hawaii.. M) 37 47 84
Muiii...28 :-:0 23
Molokul. G 3 3
Oulm....3l 2.1 70
Kiiuai.,,14 12 20
L80 5754 4435 10,180
foregoing thoro are two
uovorumont schools taught in
Hawaiian by as many male
teachers, having 22 malo and 26,
fomalo pupils, a total of 48.
Thero are 63 Independent schools
taught in English, with 72 male
aud 130 fomulo teaohors, a total of
202 teaohors; and 1994 malo and
1840 fomalo pupils, a total of
INDEPENDENT SCHOOL PUPILS.
Island: Male. Fom. Total.
Hawaii .... 308 300 GG8
Mani 189 273 402
Oalm 1329 1197 2520
Kauai 108 70 178
Grand total.. 1994 1810 3834
GOVERNMENT SCHOOL TEACHERS.
Island of Hawaii.
Mule. Female. Total.
Portugueso . . .
Graud total .. 37 47 84
Island of Maui.
Grand total. .
ISLAND OF MOLOKAI.
3G 23 59
Grand total .. 3
Island of Oahu: '
Part Hawaiian ... 3
Scandinavian.. .. C
Island of Kauai:
Part Hawaiian . ,
23 76 99
Grand total... 12
By nationalities tho teachers iu
Government sohools number: 49
Hawaiian, 53 Part Hawaiian, 105
Americau, 52 British, 2 German, 1
trench, 1 uelgian, 5 Scandinavi
an, 11 Portuguese, 1 Chinese, total,
INDEPENDENT SCHOOL ' TEACHERS.
Island of Hawaii: ip
Mile Female Total
Hawaiian 3 0
Part Hawaiian.. 0 2
American 4 12
British 3 2
German 0 1
Fienou 1 0
Belgian 1 0
Chinese 1 2
13 19 32
Ibland of Maui:
Hawaiian 13 4
American 3 10 13
Dutch 10 1
Japanese 10 1
Chinese 0 11
Grand total.... 6 14 20
Island of Oahu:
Hawaiian 3 5
Part Hawaiian . . 2 G
Americau. 35 55
British 5 12
German 0 2
Frouch 0 3
Bulgiau 0 5
Scandinavian.... 0 1
Portuguese 0 1
Chinese 4 3
JunaueHU 0 1
Grand total... 49 91 143
Island of Kauai:
American 0 2 2
German 3 0 3
Portugueso 1 0 1
Grand total... 5 3 8
By nationalities tho tcachors in
Independent schools number: 15
Hawaiian, 10 part Hawaiian, 121
American, 24 British, G German,
4 French, 6 Uelgian, 1 Dutoh, 1
Scandinavian, 2 Portuguese, 2
-11 ll-: . Lin V1
jjapnaeuv, ajl vuooi vi w
VIEWS OF TWO VISITORS
WIIO'VK I.4IIXV IJIIKN AHONM
UN TAKIMJ NOTE.
Nlrmner from Portland
!f Nulling Vc.rl for
There dropped down iu Hono
lulu ou January 10 last by tho
steamer Monmouthshire from
Portland two young mon Fred.
W. Wilson nnd Ed. Wingate
who by their own account had a ,
good time, while keeping their
eyes open for tho tree of know
ledge whose fruit ripens into "the
main chance." Their visit is re
mombered by many of our people
who found their society agreeablo
aud tho entertaining of them a-,
pleasant vent for tho hospitable -feeling
that belongs to every
rightly constituted denizen of
Hawaii. Our friends evidently
aro well eBteemod where they be
long, as the press of that quarter
gives their notes of travel a cordiali
reception. They left Honolulu in
the bark S. G. Allen on March 10
and, after a pleapant voyage of
sixteen days, arrived at San
Francisco. "The trip on the sail
in i; shin Mr. Wilson describes"
says the Daily Cbrouiclo of Tha
Dalles, Oregon "as being more
pleasant thau that on the steamer,
the motion being less disagreeable
and tho interest on the voyage
more intense." Mr. Wilson has a
letter iu the issue of March 10 of
that paper, dated Honolula,
February 12, 1897, from which the
following extracts will be in
teresting to all who would see
ourselves as others seo us:
"You will remember my pro
mise to write to you. I havo not
forgotten, and if you were in this
dreamland of rest you would re
quire no excuse or explanation
from me. This is the country of
'Mahoppa,' Write "mahope" next
time, Mr. Wilson. Ed. of put
ting oft till tomorrow everything
that should be done today, ana
that is why this letter has not
gono to you before.
"Anyone who would come to
Hawaii and then attempt to give a
description of its charms, must be
born of a courage such as makes
'fools rush in where angels fear to
tread.' The soft southern Bky and
turquoise blue of the ocean can
not bo reproduced iu words, and I
doubt if the painter's brush,
though a master hand wield it,
can give anything liko tho impres
sion maun upon the traveler as he
Bails to Hawaiian shores. Bnt
there are some things I may toll
you about, such as the hospitality
of the people, their customs, and
the scenes and incidents which
every strauger encounters.
"It is a whole lot ploas
anter to talk of a storm at sea
than to exporionco one, and a lit
tle goes a surprisingly long ways.
For five days we t were in the
midst of a galo, 'blowing with
Blight intermission. Tho decks
were covered with water continual-
8 ly, and no one dared venture be
8 vond the cabin door. As tho
90 steamer forced southward tho
17 skies cleared, tho waters rested,
2 aud lifo ou tbo oceau clmugod
3 from misery to dolight. Tho
' 5 balmv air of the trouics acted as
1 the finest kind of a restorative.
1 and soon the nassoncorB were all
7 on deck deolaring they had never
1 Been water so blue nor Bky bo
"Houolulu is a most beautiful
city, with a splendid harbor.
The shipping of tho world pays
her bomago. The business part
of tbo city preeonts a varied op-
poaranco, handsome three story
bricks touching Ohinoso hovels.
It is cosmopolitan iu tho extreme.
Tho residence Btroots aro border
ed by beautiful homos, indicative
of wealth and culturo, while tho
private grounds aro liko publio
parks iu our land.
"No one can corifcTpio Hawaii.
without taking a great fancy to