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Ini Ml MIMIII
Vol. IV. No. G72.
HONOLULU, H. I., FRIDAY, JULY 30, 1897.
Pric 5 Ckntb.
THE EVENING BULLETIN.
Publishod ovory day except Sunday at
210 King Street, Honolulu, II. I.
Per Month, nnywLero in the Hn-
wnilnn Inlands 3 74
Per Year. 8 00
Par Year, postpaid to America,
Canada, or Mexico 1000
Per Year, postpaid, clhor Foreign
Oountrlos 13 00
Pnynblo Invariably In Advance.
Telephone 256. I O. Box 89.
A. Y. GEAR. Manager.
take Ayer's Cathartic Pills, and you
will sleep better and wake lu better
condition for the day's -work. As a
pleasant and effectual remedy for
constipation, biliousness, sick head
ache, and all liver troubles,
have no equal. They are sugar
coated, and so perfectly prepared that
they cure without the annoyances
experienced in the use of so many of
the pills on the market. Ask your
When other pills won't help you,
THE PILL THAT WILL.
Hollister Drug Co., Ltd.
Bole Agent h for the Republic of Hawaii.
Offer for sale Cases of the Finest
Moselwines and Hock
....80011 AS ....
TTerziger .Herzlay, Etc.
(Gundlach's) In Kegs and Cases.
Beach Fork Whisky,
From lirown Foreraau & Co.,
A. B. 0. BEER from St. Louie,
in Quarts. ,
RAINIER BEER from Seattlo,
Ktu., .Eta, Kiu.
Von Bolt Blo.'k, King Street.
Real Estate Broker.
Z091, Merchant Street.
12 Chinese Gruuitu Hitching Posts; $5
1 Buvey in tiue order; prloe $200.
House and Lot, 75x155 ft., on No. 71
Xeung street; parlor, 3 bedrooms, kitchen
Lot on Wilder avenue 100x300 ft., fenced;
price f 2100.
ITonse in Rjhcllo Lane; dining-room,
kitulien, lu'lim in, carriiign houso and
Mtablwi; brgo juid
William A. Henshall,
A-ttorntjy at Law
113 Kiwuuiuuuu Htrott.
GREAT WORK PERFORMED
WON FOK ANM.XATION.
Mr. 'Iliiir-lnii Tell Hon II All tt
lieneil V, ,1. Ilrjnn Muelyto
Cunie In Honolulu.
A prominent citizen roceivcil a
letter, of which tho following is the
main portion, from Mr: L. A.
Thurston, dated Salt Lake City,
As I wrote in my Inst, Mr.
Kinney and 1 left Washington for
Salt Luke City on July 7 to attend
tho Trans-Mississippi Congress,
consisting of delegates from 24
states und territories west of tbe
Mississippi River, July 14. Mr.
Kinney came direct to Salt Lake
in order to meet Borne people here
whom be desired to talk with and
to size up the situation, wliilo I
stayed over a day at St. Louis,
Mo., meeting the chairman of the
executive committee of the con
gress, Mr. Henry Whitmore, and
other members of the Missouri
Delegation. We left St. Louis on
tho evening of tbe 9th together
with some half dozen of the dele
gates from that section and stop
ped over a day at Colorado
Springs where we met quite a
number of others who continued
with us to Salt Lake.
By traveling with delegates I
becamo well acquainted with them
and was able to get in some good
work in behalf of Hawaii. In
almost all cases a friendly dis
position was evinced.
The congress opened on Wed
nesday morning tbe 14th, and the
subject of the annexation of
Hawaii was given the whole of the
first evening, Mr. Kinney and I
each given an hour upon tbe sub
ject. He devoted himself to a general
statement of the situation, show
ing how affairs had developed un
til the only solution was absorp
tion by either Japan or tbe United
I devoted my portion of the
time to a categorical statement of
objections to annexation and a
reply to oaob, and a categorical
statement and nn amplification of
Our statements wore well re
ceived, and we havo been subse
quently told by several of the
strongest delegates, here leading
domodrats that they had enter
tained serious doubts upon tbe
subject, but their .objections had
been met by our statements. The
prinoipal one of this character was
Mr. Gbas. Thomns of Deliver, a
leadiug lawyer of that city and an
influential man. Ho afterward
expressed himself in the most
friendly mannor, offering to speak
in fnvor of the resolution subse
quently introduced, asking for
literature upon tho subjoct and
expressing his intention to do
what he could to further tho
Tho California delegation, 2G
strong, included Hugh Craig, the
president of the Sun Fianoiseo
Chamber of Commerce; E. M.
Walsh and Mr. Ford, an ex
republican raombor of the Cali
fornia senate, who introduced and
curried an annexation resolution
in the California legislature in
January, 1893; and Geo. Heazel
ton, the editor of the San Fran
cisco Financial Letter.
Those men did good work on the
road here, having talked over to
tho annexation side some three or
four members who were hostile
when the delegation started from
San Francisco. The Missouri
delegation, cousiating of 21 mom
hers, also did yeoman sorvico in
our behalf, proselyting among nil
Tho Utah delegation,' number
ing 30 momberH, was also nlmost
n unit in our support, Mr. Gerald
Lotoher of this city, clerk of tho
U, S. Court, haviug takon as muoh
interest in tho subjoct as though
it was his own business.
Tho Cnliforuia dolegutiou un
animously adopted n resolution
favoring annexation, which was
presented by Mr. Walsh on
Thursday morning, tho 15th, as
from the California delegation.
The resolution was referred to thp
committee on resolutions and re
ported back by thorn with a un
animous recommondatiou in its
Objection was mado by a mem
ber to its immediate consideration
and it was given tho right of way
for discussion at tho evening ses
After n debate of halt nn hour
tho resolution was adopted, only
one vote being caBt in the nega
tive out of about 300 delegates
The resolution was in tho fol
"Resolved: That the Trans
mississippi Congress favorB .the
prompt uuuoxation of tho Hawai
ian republib'to tho United States
on the grounds of national policy,
prestige aud commercial necessi
ty, thereby removing the possi
biiity of this great stronghold in
mid Pacific being controlled by
any foreign power as a constant
menace to our country."
I think it is very doubtful if
the resolution could have secured
passage if wo bad not devoted
considerable attention to the buo
jqct during the laBt month or two
and unless tho matter had been
given special attention hero. We
are greatly indebted to Mr. Craig
of San Francisco and Mr. Wit
more of St. Louis, who, as mem
bers of the executive committee
and old members of the congress,
wielda great influence which was
exercised throughout in our favor.
We are also greatly indebted to
them in that there were some 35
subjects for consideration by the
congress and only four days in
which to consider them, of which
we wero given one entire evening;
more time than was given to any
other subject except that of silvor.
Some dozen or more subjects did
not gain a hearing at all, their
consideration being limited to the
passing of resolutions and print
ing of papers concerning them in
the printed reports.
Tho opponents of annexation
did not, apparently, expect that
Hawaiian annexation would be
prominently considered by the
congress, as there was no organiz
ed effort apparent to oppose an
nexation, while there had been
very effective organization in its
support. The day after the an
nexation resolution was adopted
several strong opponents of an
nexation appeared on the ground,
having cowo post baste to oppose
it'upon hearing that the question
was being considered They ar
rived a day behind the fair, how
over. The congress hns boon presided
over by Win. J. Bryan, who,
while giving no direct opinion
upon the subject of annexation,
has talkod with us upon the sub
ject in tho most friendly mannor.
Both he and Mrs. Bryan have
stated that they strongly think of
going to tho Islands" this winter
for a rest. We havo nrgod them
to do so, believing that it would
not only be a pleasant trip for
them, but vory valuable to us as,
so far as we can discover, his
leading supporters in this section
aro rank annexationists.
Tho principal vnluo wlijoh wo
attach b our visit hero is the
diBSomiuatiou which we havo been
able to give to annexation among
influential men who havo volun
teered to undertake to push tbe
measuro in their several sections
and to use their influence among
their resnectivo members of con
gress and sonators. We more
particularly hope for good results
in this respect in Missouri and
Mr. Kiuuey returns direct to
Honolulu from here.
Thero has boon much discus
sion in tho papers oouoerniug the
relations of Japan, Hawaii and
United States, scarco a day going
by without u moro or loss leujjthy
paragraph appearing eveu in
thoso inland papers. Those
rumors aud Btatomonts you will
of oourso soo in tho papors, and it
is unnecessary for mo to repeat
1 romnin, yours truly,
L. A. TllUllBTO.V.
SUGAR FIRMS EXCITED
kmmiut that a lmimk iioi1ne
has m:it tiii: ciuhisink.
It. purl Tlmt All.Siigiir I'milriillixl hy
I. II. Unlet A (' Will l.o S..M
' lu Sprrrkrla.
"In uniou thoro is stieugth,"
has been tho motto of tho Hawai
ian sugar planters for some years(
and by combining together in tho
past they havo been mutuully
benefited in moro ways than in
being able to hold out agninst tho
Sugar Trust for tho best possible
tortus. It Iiob boon supposed that
the present enmbiuatiou of tho
planters would continue, especial
ly as it is known that new ar
rangements were either consum
mated or in process of consum
mation by which the bulk of tho
Hawaiian sugar would hereafter
go to San Francisco aud theuco to
Now York byspecial arrangement
with tho Southern Pacific railroad,
Uniti obviating the long voyage
round Capo Horn.
But if tho news brpught by tho
Moan a is correct, and the Bulle
tin' has its information fromJiigh
authority, the planters are threat
ened with tho defection of ono
of the moBt powerful firms
in the city and none other thuu
Theo. H. D.ivies & Co.
Prominent sugur firms horo
hnvo received from their S.iu
Francisco correspondents notifi
cation that Theophilus 11. Davies
has entered into un ugroemout
with Cluus Sprockels by which
tjio "Mutter becomes tho putobiiSfr
of all tho KUgar from the planta
tions cnntni.luu by tlio iirin
whicli tho former is tbe head, aud
that this agreement his boon en
tered iuto without tho kuowledgo
or consont of tho local combine
of which tho firm of Theo. ti.
D.ivios & Co. is still a membor.
A representative of the Bul
LktI.v on hearing of tho
above t once sought out tho
head of one of the loading
sugar firms hore und asked
for its verification. The gentle
man, who for reasons of bis own
wights his name withheld, euid:
Well, I don't know whero you
got your inform itiou but it is
true. That is, I huvu a lotter
from Sau Francisco to thut ofToot
and of course 1 have no rensot to
doubt what my correspondent
tell b me. The dolYotiou of such a
firm as T. H. Davies & Co. from
our association is a hoavy blow
to tho rest of us uud there is no
use disguising tho fact. Mr.
D'vioH must have tnudo this
ngreomont, if it bus been made,
unknown to tho local maniign
mont of bis firm, which has been
reproentrt m -ill our meetings
and hns always been supposed to
havo been with us. I am at a
loss to conooivo what influonco
has been brought to bear ou Mr.
D.ivies that ho should throw us
over in this manner."
F. M. Swunzy, in whom tho
local HIU1UIJ4' aiuut of tl o firm of
Theo. H. D.ivios it Co. now rests,
was next seen by tbo reporter
and asUed as to tho truth
of tho above. Ho said:
"You seem to havo hoard more
about our affairs than 1 am aware
of myself. It is true I have hoard
this report this morning, but I
havo no kuowledge of its truth or
falsity. Mr. Davies is now in
England und I havo nothing from
him about this matter. I do not
say it is not true, but 1 dosay that
bo far I havo no knowledge of auy
such arrangement having been
made. If I "hud it would boa
quostion whether I should give it
out for publication."
From another source tho ro
porlor learned thut Mr. Souull of
the firm of Williams, Diraond &
Co. of Sau Frauoisco, is on his
way to Honolulu by the Dorio to
confer with Hawaiian planters ovor
tho threatened defection and that
a mcotiug of all thoso represented
in tho combiuo will be culled soon
uftor his arrival, Ho is u cousin
of Harold Sowall, tho United
If it bo true that T H Davies fc
Co have gono ovor to tho Spreckels
camp, it can readily bo seen that
tho defection is serious, for that
firm controls eight plantations,
viz: Wniakea, Pepeekdo, Kukaiau
Hamnkun, Niulii, Union Mill, Hn
wi Mill und Lnupahoohoo. Includ
iug thoso controlled by W.G.lrwiu
it Co: Wainukii, HiiVulaii, I'na
luni, Ookiilu, N.mloliu, Olowal'i,
Kiliuioi, Miik.iwoli and Waimuna
lo. Clans Spreukels will handle
ono-lbird of the nugir produced
in Hawaii, or 80,000 tons out of
225,000 in rouud numbers.
While Makuweli with an esti
mated output for n-xt yoir of
1-1,000 tons, is included in the
above, it may not beVaftor this
yoar, for thoro aro tlioo who
think there mny bo it olningu in
tho disposition of its sugar ounyu
qiiLnt nn the above nows.
HAWAII AND REW YUllK.
Educational" C'ompitrUait Niieffe'tedi
by North Atntrlcan Revlaw Article.
A marked copy of tho New
York Press containing tho follow
ing article headed, "Education in
Hawaii," was received ou the Mo
ana yesterday by E. D. Tonney
from a millionaire friend in New
York who has hitherto been op
posed to annexation:
A'b the chairman of the Com
mittee on Foreign Relations has
announced that body's intention
to report tho Hawaiian annexa
tion treaty duriug tbe present ses
sion, we may soon find the coun
try involved in all the horrors of a
Senate debate on the subject.
Senators we are sure that Mr.
White of California is ono of
them who propose to dilate in
opposition to ratification upon the
"degradation" of the inhabitants
of the islands will do well to con
sult, before beginniug, some
figures supplied to tho North
American Review by Daniel
Logan, editor of the Honolulu
Eveniug Bulletin. They relate
to tho educatioual condition of tho
group, and aro as follows:
SCHOOL ATTENDANCE IN HAWAII.
Part Hawaiian. 1,247
South Sea Isl
Other foreign. 19
Total 8,770' 12,010 14,023
In such a population this is a
most remarkable showing. Let
us compare it with that of tho city
of New York, whence proceeds
rannl of tho yollow newspnpor
talk about "leprous aliens."
School attendance 14,023
NUW YOllK CITY.
Sohool attondanco (189G) 280 440
Roughly speaking, tho propor
tion is about tbo same. Ono
seventh of tho population is in
school. But when wo consider'
J that of tho 40,023 Asiatic inhabit
ants most are adult immigrants
without families tho showing for
. tho tiny Republic is far bettor
I than that for tho giant metropolis.
Compared with the Southern
States, with their 31 per cent, of
illiterates, Hawaii seems a repub
lic of letters.
These children are being taught
iu English. Under tho monarchy
the tongue of tutelage wsb elective.
The natives wero largely instruct
ed iu thoir own language. But
since thu Republic bus taken hold
of tho subject of education; en
larging this branch of administra
tion from a bureau to a depart
ment, English iustruotiou has
boon compulsory. "Truant offi
cers" iu ovory school district en
force tho compulsory law. 'Tho
touohors aro supplied from tho
normal college and pracliso Hchool
at Honolulu. Thoir tenure is
permanent. The Government
I spends one fifth of its revenue, or
401,0U0 out of 81.039,978, ou the
educationnl system. Thoro are
fow of tho most fnruoid and
wealthy- States that rau bettor
thin record. Not more than a
half dozen of tho twenty-two
v.Bryauito States wo instance
them simply on accnnnf of their
illiteracy btatistice c-un compare
Ou this rutiilntnoiitnl test of
I civilization come Senators may
hum mcir own cowuiiuuiun muro
"debased" tbau the Ilnwaitans.
A comparative study of homo
statistics with tlioau which we
have supplied may inducu a re
casting of somo speeches.
Certainly no Territory recently
admitted to the Union has better
qualified itself ou this crucial
score than has Hawaii. Fow for
eign countries could as readily
meet in its candidates for citizen
ship tho test of tho Lodga bill.
WALSH STI!r: ntN
le Framed llie Annexation Kcoln-.
Hull anil lMinlied It Tllrnuch.
In n letter to n friend Mr.
E. M. Walsh, formerly of these
islands, writes as follows:
"I havo just returned from Salt
Lako whero I weut to attend the
Trans-Mississippi Congress. This
Congress, as its name implies, is
composed of delegates from the
States and Territories west of the
Mississippi, who meet iu conven
tion each yoar, and pass resolu
tions and recommendations to
CongrosB upon matters which are
supposed to benefit theWootorn
States, this being its tenth ses
sion. "Tho delegates aro appointed by
the Governors of the difforont
States, and Mayors of cities, and
commercial bodies. I attended
as an appointee of the Chamber
of Commerce of San Francisco,
bnt went iu tho interest of Ha
waiian aunexation, and I intro
duced tho following resolution,
which was passed unanimously,
and tho Secretary ordered a copy
of it transmitted to Congress:
"Resolved: That tbo Trans
Mississippi Congress fnvor the
prompt annexation of tho Hawai
ian Republic to the United States
on tho grounds of National policy,
prestige, and commercial neces
sity, thereby removiug tho possi
bility of this great stronghold in
mid-Paoifio being controlled by
any foreign power as a constant
menace to our country.'
Introduced by Edward M.
Walsh, and endorsed by the Cali
fornia delegation. Seconded by
J. F. Crawford, of Wyoming.
"The papers mado the mistake
of creditiug tho resolution to
'Walsh' of Wyoming by reason
of its being seconded by a dole
gate from that State, whereas it
was I who drafted the resolution,
uud had it pushed through.
"W. J. Bryan was President of
the Congress, which was over
whelmingly in favor of free coin
age of silvor."
HlgTicst Honors Worfd's Talri
tiold Medal, Midwinter .Fair,
MOST SPERFECT MADE.
A pare drape Crwitn of Tartar I'owilur,
Free from Ammonia, Alum or uny otlar
udultoraut. Iu all the great HutoU, Ui
leading GIuIm aud the Iiouiok, Dr. l'riu- k
Cream linking Powder liolria its giiprtuui'y,
40 Years the Standard,
LEWIS & QO.,
AucKis, Honolulu, II. I,