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Vol. V. No. 1088.
HONOLULU, H. I., JililDAY, DEOEMBEll 9, 1898.
PlUOB 5 Cents.
AWFUL FAMINE IN CHINA QUAKERLIKE RUSSIAN SECT
Missionary Aboard S. S. Gaelic Lectures
On the Subject.
Worse This Year Than Last Seven Oat or Ten
Families Leaving Chin Chow Fu
Province An Appeal for Help.
lias Peculiar Religions Opinions and
Refuses to Bear Arms,
CHEAP SUGAR PREDICTED
Movement to Introduce the Doukhoborlsl to
America The; Have Sustained Severe
4? Don't overlook
us when shopping.
tiff if you do it may
mean much to you, on
three very important
Receipts of goods ex
" Australia" put the
finishing touches on
our HOLIDAY Stock,
adding many items
strictly n6w and very
Glace Fruits (Townsend's),
Gruenlwgen's Bon Bons,
lleinze's Celery Sauce,
" Sweet Pickles (new pack)
Fancy Apples, etc., etc. sum
. Waverley Block,
During tbo tri) of tbo Qaolic
from OhiDB to this port, H. W.
White, a man who baa been do-'
iug missionary work in China,
delivered a lecture on tbo
fatnino in Obm Chow Fu, a pro
vince of oight couutrios or bsion,
unknown to tbo foreigu world.
Its extent of torritory is 150x70
miles. Tboro are four villages
per mile, 10,000 miles and 100 in
habitants to the village. In all,
tboro aro 4,782,000 people in tbo
provinco. Brioily, this is what
Mr. White said:
"Tbo peoplo aro farmers for tbo
most part. Evon in tbo city, all
depend on tbo crops. Most of
tbo city peoplo bavo an intorest
in, or own farms. As a rulo they
aro quiet and industrious. They
havo no labor saving machin
ery, jluo wneat news nro uroau
"In 1897 tboro wero boavy rains
boforo tbo harvest. Tbo prico
roso and then camo the wiuter
with bad roads and extremoly
primitivo mothods of conveyance.
The prospoct at tbo presont time
is that tbo famine this year will
be worse than that of 1897. Tbo
Shantung provinco cannot apsist
as a famine exists there.
The aufforing cannotbe irangin
od. Tbo inhabitants wero gather
ing loaves of troos for food wbqu
1 left. Bean and peanut cakes, in
fact, anything that will not nause
ate, is takou for food.
"Everything is being sold, evon
clothes. Houses nro boing torn
down and tho wood sold.
"In tbo distress of Inat year
thousands took their wives and
cbildron, put a few artlolos into
a whoolbarrow and went off to tho
southwnrd.lloports from the south
Vero to tho effect tunt a largo
number had died along tbo way.
All had suffered. This tall, eovon
out of ten familios havo left.
"In desporation many of the
peoplo havo taken to robbery aud
all tbo country peoplo aro obliged
to koop watch by night.
"Last year mauy diod directly
from hunter aud cold or by
diseasoB which had their origin in
these causes. This year tlio fever
has Bwopt tho people off o fat
that carpontors have beou unnblo
to supply tbo demand for coO'ins.
In one village of 180 families
tbero were 100 deaths. It wa9 re
ported there iu some country
nllagpg, tbo dead could not bo
At tbo clo30 of tho Ipc'ikp Mr.
Whito outlined various methods
that bad beon tried to roliove tbo
great suffering of the Ohineso and
closed with an appeal to those
presont to givo what it was with,
in their powor to givo. Quito a
little Bum was handed in an at
tempt will bo made to raiso some
mauy hero. This will bo sent to
Itov. R. O. Pattorson, Obinkiang,
(Jhina, a missionary who Iibb beon
giving a groat deal of holp to tho
To Cheapen Sugar Production tbe Main
Problem for Hawaii.
Alexander Young's View on Labor Question
Chinese Exclusion Shuts Out Best Sup
ply Cuba's Big Capacity.
A NOTED ARMENIAN HERE
Visit of a Constantinople Merchant to
Handsomest Collection of Costly Persian and
Turkish Rugs Shortly to be
- Exhibited and Sold.
KINNEY FOR WASHINGTON
Will Be Attorney For Planters to
Watch Their Interests.
'1 Lenders 1808
Koyal make tbe lood pur.,
wholesome and delkleaa.
omu. awma roost co., ncw tow,
Tho Now York Sun of Doc G
says: A project which has been
uudor way in this country for tbo
past tbreo weeks, to colonize hero
10,000 of the peculiar Russian sect,
tho Doukhobortsi, is to take defi
nito shapo now, following tho ar
rival hero yostorday of Mr. Mode,
tho rich Englishman who bas be
como known by reason of his resi
dence for some titno rccontly with
Count Leo Tolstoi, whom bo
greatlyndmiros. Mr. Mode wpnt
immediately upon bis arrival to
the rosidouco of former Assembly
man Ernest II. Crosby, at Rhino
beck, who is ono of tho loading
man on this side of tho Atlautio in
tbo ontorprise. Associated with
Mr. Crosby aro William Dean
Howolls, William Lloyd Garrison
of Boston, tho Rev. Dr. Georgo
Dana Boardman of Philadelphia',
Jnno Addams of Hull Houso, Chi
cago; N. O. Nelson of St. Louis,
Bolton Hall, and J. N. Soligman.
This committoo was organized
threo weeks ago in Philadelphia.
Mr. Seligman is ita Treasurer.
Tbo committee's purposo is to
raise tbo necessary monoy to im
port tbq Doukhobortsi and estab
lish them on farm land in tho
Weat. The corumitteo's work will
be carried on conjointly with tbo
efforts of interested peoplo in
England, and tbo plan of opera
tious will bo formulated after con
ference) with Mr. Mode, who is
familiar both with whit is boing
douo in England aud what has
boon accomplished in Russia un
dor the direction of Tolstoi.
It is Tolstoi who has at last so
cured tho Russian Govornraont's
permission for tho Doukhobortsi
to omigrato, after they have beon
victims of nearly a ceutury of in
effectual persecution. That per
mission baa only lately been
grautod, aud it may bo availed of
only within two years of tho date
of ibbuo. When it was granted
Count Tolstoi wroto to a Now York
man, who, it is understood, is Mi.
Crosby, conveying tbo information
and suggosting that somothing bo
douo toward assisting, or ratbor
euabling, tho Doukhobortsi to take
advantago of the Czar's graoious
nosH. Correspondence followed be
tween various interested pooplo in
tho United States, England and
Russia, with tbo result of tbo
formation ot tho committeo alrea
Whon it is said that tbo Douk
hobortsi aro a sort of differentiated
Qnnkors, who, among a multipli
city of curious tenets, bold so
firmly to tbo belief that forco
against men is wrong that thy
will dio rather than bear arms, it
will readily bo understood 'why
they nro obnoxious to tbo Russian
and tboir history nro of peculiar
intorost. Tbo origin of the
soot has boon traced to an
English Quakor. Kin followers
Grst became known to tbo inquisi
torinl polico in 1700, whon thoy
woro found at Moloobnaya in the
provinco of Taurida, near tbo Cas
pian Sea, Thoy do not believo in
a personal God, but thoy bolievo
that Uou is in tho soul, or is tho
soul of ovory man. Strango to
say, thoy do not boliovo that God
is in tho soul at tbo birth of the
human infant, but that tbo child
is born soulless matter, tho soul
entering tho body botweon tbo
sixth and tho fifteenth yoar, and
that tho bouI is a faithful imago of
God. Thoy havo strangely modi
fied tbo idoa of tbo Trinity, and
proclaim that in tho momory is
God tho Father, in tbo roaBon God
tbe Son nnd in tbo will God the
Holy Ghost. Christ's mission of
redemption is abrogatod in their
belief that Adam's full was merely
Alexander Young is back to bis
old stamping grounds for a visit
until the hist of robruary. lie is
looking as cheerful as over. Mr.
Young says tboro 13 nothing new
from San lranoisco of Hawaiian
interest which baa not already ap
peared iu tbo papers. Auy talk of
peoplo coming to tho islands to
Planters Want Representation by local Man
Attorney Does Not Know That
Special Favors are Desired.
mako things bum ?
" No. Tho pooplo talking of
coming aro not of tbo class wanted
in tbo Hawaiian Islands. Peoplo
who would not havo a dollar to
tako them back when thoy found
tbero was nothing for thorn here."
Tbo prospect of capital introduc
ed by tho proposed First National
Bank of Hawaii was suggested.
"That will bo a good thing,"
Mr. Young rospondod. "What is
wanted moBt is tho cheapest way
to mako sugar. The groat question
is that of labor for the plantations.
" Tbo best labor U that which
wo cannot got Chinese. You
know 1 have always been a China
man," Mr. Young said with a
laugh. Ho reminded tho reporter
of tho "Ah Young" cartoon flout to
him in his placo in tbe Legislature
and the retort in rbymo ho mado
to its author.
" Mind, I beliovo thoro is a great
future for the islands," hu wont
on, "but sugar is going to become
very cheap within ten years
haps six years."
Next to tbo Chinese that cannot
bo had, Mr. Young thinks tho
Jnpnooso that are not likely to bo
excldded by the United States,
muBt form tho bulk of our labor
" Tho Ohineso would not bo ex -eluded
if it had been loft till now,"
ho roraarked in nnswor to a re
mark that Cbinoso exclusion nud
territorial expansion might not
jibe to well together.
" Jnpanoso will bo wanted to
cultivato tho boot fields, and tbo
growers would bo glad to havo
Cbinoso as woll. Tho whito labor
on the Pacific Coast, ou tho whole,
ib tho most dobasod in tho world.
It comprises a class that roams
over tho country wanting every
thing but work."
.Mr. Young, in support of bis
opiuion of cheap sugar, said good
authorities in tbo States estimated
that Cuba had a capacity of threo
million tons of sugar a year.
Mr. Lyons at the Punahou
weathor bureau gives tho follow
ing report. Wo havo Boon in tbo
extromo southern odge of n cyolo-
nio diBturbauco which has beon to
north of us passing to tho Ess
laud South East. Tbo lowest ba
romotor has boon 29.77. It is ris
ing now rapidly. Boing on the
Southern odgo as tho roason for
so littlo rain. Tho last mouth is
tho dryest Novombor for 14 yor.rs
at tho Punahou station.
Tbo U. S. S. Bonuington got
away for Hilo lato yoaterday after-noou.
Among tbe passengors on tbo
Moana was M. B. Mibrau, a native
Armenian, who comos from Con
stantinople, tho queen city of tho
anoiont iiastorn Empiro.
Mr. Mihran is a collector of
raro and beautiful works of Tur
kisb mako. Ho has bouses in
New York and San Francisco. Ho
is dolighted with Now Honolulu
and says tbo climate rotniuds him
of tbo summers iu Turkoy, but ho
haB for tho first timo soon bananas
aud pineapples growing.
At tho requoBt of several promi
nent Hawauans who bavo visited
his emporiums in tho States ho
comes U) theso shores with tho
largest, most costly nnd ologaut
collection of Turkish and Persian
rugs, hanging ombroideries, etc.,
evor brought to tho islands. They
wero Hbippod direct from Constan
tinople. Tbo high art of his his
toric country will thus bo intro
Iu spoaking about rugs Mr.
Mihran roinarked what a wonder
ful change has takon place in tho
United States within tho last tivo
years in houso decorating, Turkish
rugs and bard wood floors sup
Tho merits ot Turkish rugs are
known all ovor tbo world. Thoy
aro noat, healthy and boautiful.
per- Thoy may cost a little mora than
carpets but tnoir marvelous dura-
W. A. Kinney in a way will bo
tbo first delegate to Congress from
Hawaii. Only not to tako a seat
in that august body.
Mr. Kinuoy will leavo for
Washington on either tbo 20th or
'27th inst. Ho is engauod by tho
sugar planturB to be simply
"their paid attorney," as bo put it
himself this afternoon, to wntch
their interosta wbilo Hawaiian
legislation is before Congress.
"I know Hawaiian law, and am
fairly woll conversant with Ha
waiian affairs in guoral. Tho
interests of tho planters nro very
large, aud they deem it better to
bavo n man acquainted with tho
local situation, to represent thorn,
rather than a stranger."
Would ho ondoavor to socuro an
oxtonsion of existing labor lawB
to lot tho augur industry down
oaey, as it woro ?
"No," Mr. Kinnoy replied. "I
havo not yet had specific instruc
tions from tho planters, but noth
ing in tboir conversation would
load me to boliovo that they aro
seeking any Bpecial favors."
MORE CHINESE REJECTED
Coutlnued on Page 3.
When the very best Bicycle produced In America It
quoted al Ijo. you may b ure thai rock bottom h
been reacheJ. I venture to preJIct that an ena na
come to those annual reductions tluthave o Jemoral
UeJ traJe. Only the finest of equipments, with rigid
economy ol manaeement, can produce such a marvel
ot cheapness as a stanJard American Bicycle at the
prices quote! In advance for '09. Do not took for any
more sweeping reductions. Capital must have fair
returns, and the American artlian will have eood
A few more second hand Bikes at $15. also New
Guaranteed ll'cjcles at $10; only a few left
Bicycles kept In running order and punctures re
paired at $1 per month Repairs for all Bicycles at
BAILEY'S HONOLULU CYCLERY
bility makoB tboir purchaso econo
Tho making of Turkish rugs
Mr. Mihran says is as truly an nrt
as tbo making of tapostrio or tho
painting of a picture. The pro
cess ot inaKing Human rugs is
tbo sanio as it wero generations
ago. Tho harmonizing of colors,
naturo s gilt to tho X'orsians, nnd
tbo rich and old desigus make tbe
rugs a real work of art
Tho colors of tbe rugs nro im
perishnblo, boing dyed by some
secret process. You enn wash aud
expose them to tho sun but tho
colors novor fado. Tho de
signs aro all historical, significant
aud spirited. Tho materials used
which are Iamb a. wool, goat nnd
camol's hair aud mohair mako tho
rugs of groat durability. Thoy
aro all mado by hand ovory stitch
Mr. Mihrnn continuing slated
that rugs woro novor mado to be
markoted but tbo oxaotious ot
trado havo invaded tbe homo of
tho Turk and Persian. Rugs nro
mado by women of high rank as
woll as thoso of tho lowor classes.
Those mado by tho former aro be
coming very scaro. Thoso fino
rugB, like wino, improve by ago
tboir color becoming riobor nud
moro lustrous with tho passing of
Mr. Mihran is a groat export in
collecting this vnrioty of rugB nud
his namo is widoly known iu Eu
ropo and America as a dealer in
tho richest and rarest goods. He
prides himsolf on tho collection
that ho has brought to ilonoluiu,
which oqnals auy collection exhi
bited in London, Paris or Now
Tho art lovors of New Honolc-
ln will havo an opportunity to pee
Mr. Mibran'a handsome collection
as ho will exhibit it at tho Bruce
Waring Building, Fort strout, ou
Thursday, Deo. 15th, nil day and
evening, and tbo goods will bo
sold by public nuotion by JamesF
Morgan on Friday and Satur
day, December lGth and 17th,
commencing at 10 o'clooka. m.
Regarding thn G9 Cbiueso ar
rived iu the Gaoliu tbitt morning,
J. W. Girvln, customs guard" for
U. S. exclusion laws, gave out this
roport at noon:
Thirty-four nro definitely re
jected. Fourtcon nro held for further
Eigbteou nro allowed to land.
Those conipriso Hawaiian citizens,
rosideut merchants, etc.
Inspector Joshua K. Brown was
nskod what be would do in casa
tbo Hawaiian Supremo Court took
jurisdiction and released tin poti
tiouors iu habeas corpus proceed
ings. "That I do not know," ho nn
swerod with a smile. "We'll cross
the river when wo come to it."
More llltf Hclii-mi-i.
Mr. Dillingham said' tbo big
sugar plantation on Kauai, tho
proposed Bite of which Mr Klueg'jl
and ho havo just been oxatniuing,
would likely develop into n tangi
ble schauio boforo long. Tbero in
7U0O acres of fino enno land under
view. Tbe Kihei plantation" on
Maui would very shortly mature.
Mr. Dillingham said, iu nuswor to
a quostion, that thero might bo
some homosteaders' farms at Ki
MJor Uasla llll.t,..
Major Davis, who has beon iu
charge of tho military hospital at
Independence park, bns been re
lieved of bis chnrgo and Major
M. W. Wood, a Burgeon of tho
Rogular United States Army and
a man of much oxperienco, has
beon put iu his place. Dr. Davia
has beon or,dored home to rejoin
231 King Street.
Tickets for tho concert in nid of
tbo- orphanB, to bo given in Pro
gress hall ou tho night of Novem
ber 15. nro now on sale nt tho fol
lowing places: Wall, Nichols Co.,
Hawaiian Nowb (Jo. and iiorg
strom Musio Co.
Highest Honors World's Faliy,
Qold Medal, Midwinter Fair.
A Pare drape Cream ot Tartar Powder.
40 YEAPS ''r STANDARD
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