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till tiVtiKlNQ llOlilitiTINt HONOLULU, 11, 1 .1ANUAHY
Evening Bulletin, i
Pabluht-J Ewfv tav mM Sun4y II tlo Klnf
tfnrt llnnnlula II I H IN
BULLETIN I'UllLlSlHNa COMPANY.
W. H. lAKHINOTON.
MONDAY, JAN. 12, 181)1).
Tin: iioi'Nii oh" simti:
Advertiser of Deo. 10, 18U3,
published tho following: "Tho
truo iawnrducsa of llio situation
wbb not, howovor, publicly known
uulil Mr. Bownll, na Amoricnn
Minister on Annexation dny, in
nn nillcinl utterance, celebrated the
trnusfer of tho ling by flinging an
insult at tho men who lnul iunu
gurated and niaiutained tho revo
lution. It was done in thoso words
referring to neutrality: "The
nation has tried you (the citizens
of Hawaii) nud found you truo
when you refined to listen to tho
suggestions of the bnlfish and
timid and nt your peril offered up
nil that these islands had to offer
as a sacrifice on tho altar of devo
"Tho Minister had ou this occa
sion corralled nil tho opportuni
ties for fervid remarks, and, of
courdo had it nil his own way in
denouncing men who woro rospon
siblo for tho net 'solfisu and
From a confidential letter writ
ton by Minister Cooper to Mr.
Hatch May 10, 1898 "Thoro are
n few of our timid citizens who of
courso would bo glnd to havo Ha
waii declaro neutrality."
Tho gencrnl tono of this confi
dential letter indicatos thr.t Minis
ter II. K. Cooper stood alone
among the officials of tho Execu
tive in his bold nud free advocacy
of abandoning tho iden of neutral
ity. That Minister Cooper should
on Mnj' 10, in a confidential letter
to Mr. Hatch, use almost tho spine
expression aB tho Amoricnn Min
ister ou Aug. 12 following is an
-interesting coincidence which the
official organ in its exhibition of
spite has carefully avoided.
The Defence of the
Continued from l'agu 1.
Ou Mny Gth ho gave out tho
A. S. HARTWI-LL: The neutrality of
Hawaii Is generally assumed or taken for
granted, and if would he iuiponihle to con
ceive that Hawaii at a tovereign power
would do any act hostile to Spain. That
which Is meant can usually be expressed
with perfect safety and 1 think It would
be wise to avoid anv Possible Inference
that the negotiation of the treaty of an
nexation involves Hawaii in any war in
which the United Statts Is engaged. There
Is nothing which can be construed as hos
tile to the United States In the ordinary
official intimation or notice that Hawaii is
fctrlctly neutral, and therefore it seems to
me 10 ue proper to give sucn notice.
Mr. Hartwell further referred the report
er to Article 2O of the existing treaty be
tween Hawaii and Spain which Is as fol
" Article 26. All vessels tearing the flag
of Spain shall, In time of war, receive
every possible protection, within the ports
nnd, waters of the Hawaiian Islands and
Her Majesty the Queen of Spain engages
to respect, in time of war, the neutrality of
the Hawaiian Islands, and to use her good
offices with all the other powers having
treaties with the same, to Induce them to
adopt the same policy toward the same
War wns now fully ou. Into
what a pitiablo plight had tho
Exeoutivo been bedevilled?
Tho Advertiser of May 9th
printed a telegram from Mr.
Thurston from Washington ad
visiug that "in any event (tho
consideration or not of tho An
nexation Treaty), wo are- of tho
opinion thnt notion should, be
takon in Ilnwiiii regardless of in
aotion iu this country," and in tho
Bamo column "It was Bnid on Sat
irday that a determined effort
would bo mado to uncover tho
policy of tho Government through
tho old process of lodging ques
tions from tho Legislaturo upon
tho Ministry. Whon this was
suggested to a Government factor,
tuo reply was that "tlio Uovorn
roont could not bo forced to ans
wer all questions.." ,
Tho time for action had indeed
arrived. 1). wy's fleet had Rail
ed for Houg Kong, and this whs
known iu II nolulu. The British
Onmil (UiiPial In Honolulu hud
lioHlltd Hnliidi Hulijectn nt OtPftt
Hrilain'H proclatnalion of lioutlal-
ily, ami nUo in the column ol
the AdvorlUer it wns aiinounred
that Portugal had proc'ulmcd
noulralily, and that LJ10 Argentine
Uepublic had dieiileil lo do no, live wai n moral one, aim among
The lulvocaleB in Hawaii of a pro-, honorable nnd self resieotlng na
clamatiou of neutrality not oon tiotiB n among honorable nnd
tent with the existing utulral jself respecting men, tho fulllll
status, every moment of which meul of 11 tuornl obligation is not
from tho l'2th of Anril had breath-' to be asked for or BUtigesled. To
ed faithlessness nnd hostility to
tho United States, and had been
fraught with danger to her, roused
themselves to n iHBt effort. Thnt
they made it would bo convincing
proof, were it not nl ready in tho
published rocord of tho dofense,
thnt the Hawaiiau Kxecutivo had
yet to bo freod from tho grasp of
this timid and evil crew.
ADVISEDLY CALLED TIMID.
They aro cnllod timi'd advisedly,
ou no loss authority thnt that if
ITnn. Ilnnrv K. finnnnr. Minialnr
of Foroijm Affnirs, who in his con-'
hdoutml letter to Mr. Hatch ou
Mny 10th used this expression:
"Thero are a few of our timid citi
zeus who of courso would be glid
to havo Hawaii declared uoutrali
With the heading "Our Neutra
lity" still at its mast head, tho
ollicial organ led o'T with tho fol
The actual and acknowledged existence
of war between the United States and
Spain, brings Into operation all of the laws
regarding tlie rignis anu oougations or
belligerents, and also the rights and obli
gations of neutral states.
it will probably not be seriously disput
ed that Hawaii Is still an Independent, sov
ereign State. If the United States claim
any rights of sovereignty here, we fall to
see what they are. 1 hey have neither ci
vil or criminal jurisdiction.; Their repre
sentatives have no authority whatsoever
within the limits of the Uepublic. The ra
tification of the treaty of annexation by the
Hawaiian Senate Is merely a part of an un
executed agreement, which has no force
and effect until executed by the Ameilcan
Senate. It Is the case of .1 deed of land,
signed, sealed, but not delivered, and
therefore of no value whatever as a trans
fer of title. Probably the Hawaiian Senate
could now reierte its act of ratification,
and It would be recognized m ImiiI,
As a neutral state she should follow, In
due time, the example of other neutral
states' and proclaim her neutrality. Such
a proclamation would reguire the lien-,
ninnloii to leave thin vort within Si hourt.
jutt at the l'urtwjttetc requiredthe Spanith
fleet to leave St. Vincent at once. Should
the iienmiKjwn rejutc lo no, we coum not
help uurtehet, hut would show an honctt
A strict regard for the laws which gov
ern neutrals, undoubtedly demands that
our friends, the Americans, should In no
way whatever, make tills port a basis of
naval supplies or operations. If they
choose to put their own Interpretation on
these laws, or disregard them, we cannot
CA1T. NICHOLS QUESTIONED.
And by this timo tho Advorliser
had so far succeeded in arousing
public npprohonsion over the pres
ence of tho Bennington, and crent'
ed the expectation that tho govern
ment would order lior from tho
harbor, that her gnllaut com
mander was forced to submit to
qucstious from reporters of tho
local prees, when ho was "going
to leave."-. To this quostign he re
plied with a warmth of indigna
tion and characteristic Amoricnn
snap that he would leave when ho
"got good and rondy." This
statement is mado on tho authority
of Captain Nichols himself, who
confirmed it as recently as last
Friday whon ho passed through
Houolulu on his way to join
Dewey's fleet at Manila. v
HAD NOT AllANDONED NEUTItALITy.
Up to this timo May 0, tho Ha
waiian Executive had noither
abandoned tho existing neutral
state, nor tho thought of issuing
a proclamation of neutrality, and
ordering tho Bennington to sea,
although "our friouds tho Ameri
cans" might refuse to go.
Whether tho tolegrnm sont to
Mr. Hatch wns dated tho 8th, the
day boforo, or not uutil tho 10th,
tho dalo of Mr. Dole's letter to
him in which ho says "wo havo no
idea of proclaiming neutrality," it
can bo and is assorted and cannot
be denied that this idea was not
abandoned by the Exccutivo till
tho telegram passed from its hands
on that day into tho mails and
beyond recall. Whilo Mr. Dole's
defence seeks to croato a different
impression, Mr. Dolo himself is
too honest to make a direct asser
tion to tho contrary. Ho has not
nnd will not do so.
THE TWO LETTEItS.
What has ho published as his
First. A portion of a confiden
tial letter to Mr. Hatch on April
14th in which ho Btatjs "This
govornraont would bo pleas
ed to receive suggestions
from the Washington government
in regard to our altitudo toward
tho United States and Spaiii in
case of war."
Wlin nroof had lliP lulled
Htnte that these nuggculloim
would lie followed, nlul whfd alt
mdtite lutinilintliiii to the I. H
lo lmu unggcsted nnd lie irftwcd'
1 iirtliormorc, thn olilfgatlou on
tho part of tho Hawaiian mecu ,
invito RUimostious of it. ns Mr.
Dole did, is iu Ittclf an iuvitntiou
to bo released nud nn attempt at
Skco.nd A portion of n con
lldeutinl letter from Mr. Dolo to
Mr. Hntch, dated Atjril JlOth:
We, of course, are deeply Interested in
the fact of war existing between the U. S.
nnd Spain. Would be glad to aid the au
thorities of the U. S. In some way. If you
see your way to It I should be clad to
have you convey to the President my
sympathy for him In the serious responsi
bilities which the Spanish .niestlon has
I,aceJ "P011 l,,m
What proffer of tho islands is
thero in this ? What abandon
ment of neutrality ? What closing
of loopholes ? What evidence of
steadfast American loyalty similar
to that which was in thn hearts of
the men '.'down town " who wero
ready to form n battalion nnd olfer
themselves to tho United States to
go wherover, nnd do whatever,
might bo asked of thorn by tho
United States ?
Thero is none. Tho unpub
lished portion of the letter (which
Mr. Dolo has allowoa tuo editor
of the Bulletin to road) shows
this. It iB dovoted to an argument
ns to whothor Hawaii's neutrality
should bo positive by proclamation
or a quasi-neutrality. But tho
ldoa ot abandoning neutrality lor
a proffer of tho uso of the Islands
to tho United States does not ap
pear in tho lettor, and was not in
tho mind of tho author. If a
proclamation of neutrality was not
contomplatod, or was mado impos
sible by thoso lcttors, what waB
tho meaning of the later letter of
tho Hawaiian Consul at San Fran
cisco, a lottor which tho Advertiser
referred to in its news columns,
which said that such a proclama
tion would bo in tho judgment of
tho friends of Hawaii a fatal
Tho two lottors show nothing
except halting and hesitation and
a feeling of tuo way as if to make
a trade with "our friends tho
Americana" over tho bargain
Thero was nothing in tho lottors
upon which tho United States
could havo aotcd, nothing which
bound Hawaii, nothing, it is aB
Hortcd, which reached tho Presi
dont of tho United States.
AIR. DOLE'S ADMISSIONS.
Again Mr. Dolo'a honoaty sota
history and tho Bulletin right.
On the 27th of this month Mr.
Dolo was asked :
Did the.letters reach the President ?
President Dole "Mr. Hatch can ans
wer." Mr. Hatch "A confidential letter would
not he luhmilted to the 1'retidenl or Secre
tary of Slate, but 1 of course communicated
the substance of any instructions to the
The letters were confidential there
fore thev did not roach tho Presi
dent. Mr. Hutch is a man who
measures his words. He commu
nicated, of course tho substaucn of
any instructions to tho President.
Ilo did not say confidential letters
and. ho did not mean confidential
Did theso two letters of tho
14th and 80th prevent tho Ha
waiian cxecutivo from any fur
ther consideration of neutrality,
ns did tho telegram of May 10th?
President Dolo "Ifc did fur
ther consider neutrality. After tho
lottors of April 14 aud 30th, the
telegram of May 10th, which was
mora pronounced, was prepared.
I think tho telegram was dated
May 8th, aud a lotter to tho samo
offect tho lOtu."
l'LEA Or EMHARItASSMENT.
Finally, tho argument is at
tempted in Mr. Dole's dofense that
to have adopted tho courso ultima
tely followed "might embarrass
tho United Stntes." If tlm argu
ment had held good up to tho
10th of May what had happoned
to lesson its forco by that time?
IE it was necessary to recoivo
Prosidont MoKinley's roply,
why was tho final telegram
sont whon it was and
whon no roply had yet boen re
ceived for tho very good rousoh
that no profTor had boon mado?
It was indoed embarrassment that
wns f oared, but not tho cmbnrrasB-
Iment of the Uuited States, for tho
x "x t x a u w i x ".i i
We want everybody to know that
we are showing the largest variety of
Novelties and Useful
Goods Suitable for Holiday Gifts
ever displayed. We are showing the
best!assortment of Chenille and Tapes
try CURTAINS, at lowest bottom prices.
Tapestry and Velvet Pile TABLE COVERS.
Qualities are the best; colorings and
designs are the newest. The Holiday
trade this year will eclipse any previous
season. OUR STORE WILL REMAIN
OPEN EVERV EVENING.
Hawaiian Exccutivo was all this
timo pursuiug a courso full of
embarrassment and danger to tbo
United States. It was not the
embarrassmont of tho United
States that was foared but tho
embarrassmont of Hawaii that
prevented action tho embarrass
ment of men who were weak and
shifting when they should havo
boen strong and firm, and who
signnlly failed in thov responsibil
ity imposed upon thJm. Twenty
four hours after action was taken
the news camo that Dowey had
destroyed tho Spanish fleet and
till danger uas removed.
This historical review
roviow was invited by Mr. Dole's
dofonco in tho Advertiser. This
defence, the Advertiser appealed
to its readers to send to tho Unit
ed States, to all who belioved that
tho action of tho Hawaiian Execu
tive during this crisis had been
"bold, loyal nnd patriotic!" Tho
case egainst tho Hawaiian Exccu
tivo is not yet closed, nor can it
now bo fully prosouted, but on the
presentation that has been given
will such bo the verdict of history?
3KTHE B. & H.
We have received were made specially
for us, from the LATEST designs furnish
ed In advance by the manufacturers.
We will make a liberal reduction from the
marked prices. We are also making re
duced prices on PICTURES and FRAMES;
i u i x :i x x x i l "j x
Dry Goods Co., Limited.
ill I lfl -
On tho Mohican wo rocolved a lurgo lot of tho Latest Styles
In SURKIIYS, ril.TTTONS and ltOAD CARTS, which will inako
Honolulu Carriage manufactory
"W. "W. WRIGHT, Prop'r.
103 J '
We have just received a jn
X large assortment of these (f
IJJ Hats, which have acquired Jj;
j such popularity In Honolulu. h
ftjl For the FIRST TIME we (0
JjJ are showing CRASH IN jj
m uiciu 1 ru icuni,
(ft Merchant and Fort Streets, (ft
No shop-worn goods on the coun
ters of merchants who advertise in
x x i j 'j "j x x "u & "j
FORT STREET, AROVE HOTEL.
HEW YEAR RIGHT.
A Jewel Stove.
A CurneyCleanable Refrigerator.
A Primus Oil Stove.
And many other things.
You can get them all at
W. W. Dimond & Co.,
The People's Store,
-Von Holt Block, King street.
52? $3 SES.RA7,N0 AND NATURAL
Km km wood riNisiimp a specialty..
Grainer, Glazier, and
TlNTER : : :
v MERCHANT STREET,
1070 Next to 1'olleo Station
L "1 -i