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THE EVENING BULLETIN: HONOLULU, H. I., AUGUST 12, 1809.
RETREAT FROM FEVER.
Woes of Shafter's Stricken Army
In Cuba and at Montauk.
"OH, THE FAMINE AND THE PEVE2 1"
Lml ot CnmpnlRn Rrlln (he World
A Sick I.ln Slmplr the Full Itoater
of the Army "Hod Dleaa the Ileil
Cross!" Mnntnnk n rromlird Land.
Copyright, 1893. by the Author.
victors of Santia
go hnvo bcou de
scribed as just
omerging from a
ninro when tbo
wrltor began his
ing tbc Rnrvlvora
at Camp Wikoff.
Thero woro tbroo
singes in tho
V ulgutmare tuo
$jj trip from Tampa
amling, tbo wnr-
faro of tbo jnu
nnd trench, and thnt with the fover,
tbic lnt not fully endod when tbo camp
broltt) up. Every nnrrativo of tbo cam
paign, whethor from the lips of a prlvnto
soldier or those of n captain, colonel or
general, wax prefaced and punctuated
by indictments of tho forer as tho chief
ovil encountered lu Cuba. Witnesses
needed spurring in order tn bring out
details of battlo, but tho unusual hard
ships of tho transports, of existence) in
Cuba and of tho fovor wero staple top
ics. In general tbo breakdown of tbo
troops began immediately after tho sur
render. Tho heat, tbo loss of capacity
to relish aud digest course, fatty ra
tions, physical strain and malaria,
were reasons for tho collnpso. Tbo reg
ulnrs also fald that drinking water was
rendered impure by tho volunteers', who
washed aud bathed in tho streams nbovo
camp. Ucgulnr soldiers know bettor and
carried water away from tho streams
for theirnblutlotiE. In every respect the
tanitatiou of tbo volunteers was cited
as bud, and Camp WikolT ofllcial in-
roiling mils, oui tuo oucampmont was
surrounded and cut through by swamps.
The infantry lay on tbo low seashore
wbero chill night winds and heavy
mists made full underwear a uooossity
fox woll men. Repeated demands failed
tcj bring flannols, oven for tho sick, un
til publlo goucroslty came to thorosouo,
and oven then summer weights wore
supplied. Griuios' artillerymen mado
themselves shirts out of coarso grain
Candidly, words fail to describo tho
situation as I fonud it from Aug. 23 to
29, and this not at tho hospitals, but in
tho quarters of supposod woll men.
On every sldo I heard tho onocry, Bomo
tlmes equaling in terriblo snggestivoaess
thoso harrowing linos of Longfollow:
Oh, tho faintna and tho foverl
Oh, tho watting ot the fnmlnel
Oh, the blunting of the feverl
Storlosof oxaltcd daring and horoism
havo failed to romovo from my mind
its first impression, which was that I
was Inn post camp.
Au oxtrcmo oxamplo of distress was
tho Eighth regulars which was just out
if Camp Detention when I vlsitod (tie
quarters. It had been among tho last to
loavo Cuba. About 40 sick wcro loft at
Santiago, many having boon sent north
earlier, and tlioro woro 00 technically
sick at Montauk. This regiment came
upon tho transport .Mobile, whero 11
dlod from tbo ranks of woll men as
against 8 deaths among the sick on tho
hospital ship Olivette. When I asked
tho commandaut how many men ho
could muster for battlo or heavy fatiguo
duty, ho answorod, "Nouol" For ex
planation I was Invited to walk through
tbo company streets. Every tout had
from two to four prostrate men rolled in
blaukots, tboir faces tho ploturo of doop
aud prolonged sufforing, duo, as wns
stated, to gonera! debility aud fover.
Every regiment had n sad story of siok
in quarters, uot varying, rolatlvoly,
from tho following statement taken
verbatim at tho headqunrtors of tho
Went to Culm, OUS strong; effectives on paper
nt Montnuk, COO: fit for duty, 5a Camo north
on tho Mobllu; over 400 sick all tho way from
BnntlnEo; left 117 nick of yellow fever In Culm
under raro of nn offlror n surgeon and ten
men, beside about 70 sick tn Bnntlago hoinl
tals. Hnvo put In Montnuk hospital 80 nick
and suffured In all GO deaths. Colonel Clark
think that ISO men will be disabled tor lifo
from hardship;, fover and wounds.
For tbo sick in quarters ntCamp Wi
' koff tbero was no government medioiuo
and no uid up to Sopt. 1. Coarso field
.rations formed tho staplo diet until
Irult and vegetables supplied by public
generoeity and by tho government
abovo all, tho milk ration ordorod by
Secrotary Alger on Aug. 26 had raised
tho physical tono so tbat tbo mon could
help tlionisolvoeY'-All in all, then, Camp
Wikoff was a promised land for Sbaf ter'a
strickon army. Itollef from famine and
from fevor camo none too soon, but it
canto through tho timely removal ot tho
corps from tho world's worst fovor pest
bolo, Santiago do Cuba.
Gkokcik L. Kilmer
Flurry Adjuncts of the Present Fashion
A great deal of trimming Is employed,
although nt tho beginning of tho season
nn attempt was mado to introduco nnd
establish tho exceedingly close, plnln stylo
of nttlro. We nro not quite ready for It as
yot nnd cling pertinaciously to frills, fur
belows and fluffy accessories, such ns boa,
niches and fichus. Tiny cnx- of tulle,
nioussollno do solo or silk matching tbo
gown nro the latest development tn this
lino and nro very pretty. Uons of gray
ostrich plumngo nro likewise In great do
mnml, although ostrich fenthors are usual
ly loss plcturcsquo for boas and niches
than are coq feathers. IJclgo boas nro also
worn, but gray has tho preference over nil
ipi-cumi iccoru. k'u "me. co . ,. , , fc hospital. Halt the da
Weakness duo to heat and tbo luck of ' ' " i . . , ... .
nutriment invited fever.
JiVUlV HUM I, ... ...
1 .1 11 M H..IIU1
waa mmiu tu isiein iuu uvn. x' ium iuu i
first cargo of foodstnlTs landed at San
tiago Shatter bought soveral thousands
cans of condensed milk for tho troops.
Cuban wines und all the furiuaccous
foods available wero also purchased by
tho government or from outsido funds.
Two officers of tho Sixteenth regulars,
Llcutcuaut Colonel AIoLnughlin and
Captain MoFariaud, expended $!),00O
(contributed by their wives) in gottiug
supplies for their commands. Tho Red
Cross led in uoblo work, and tho ouo
houtiuicut in tho army about this socio
ty was, "God bless tho Red Cross!"
July 22 was tho data whon the first
nlarmlug list of fovor patients wus re
ported, Out of 1, COO sick 1C0 casoa wero
not down Us fover. On tho 23d thero
wero 400 now cases and 600 on tho 24th.
This roport wus misleading, for on tho
SCth there wore ovor 2, 100 fever cases in
camp, COO of them new, aud only 287
elck of othor compluints. By the 20th
tbo sick roll had roachod 8,770, nearly
8,000 bolng fover oases. About this
ty men woro too weak to walk from the
to Camp Dotontion. Ono trans
port camo to tbo offing flying a flag ot
distress and hignalod: "Mon starving.
Send food." On tho 28th of August out
of 16 fover applicants for tho gonorul
hospital 12, having n temperature of 100,
wcro sent back to tho regiments. Colonol
Forwood said that his hospital carried
already n third more than its normal
capacity, and 100 was uot a high torn
poraturo. Thoro woro positively no modloines
for tho camp sick in tho government
supplios. I saw requisitions roitorating
dcniandB that had been repeated daily
many tlmoB, aud beard ofllcial state
ments mado to covor a wholo division,
whilo Colonol Forwood admitted as
much for tbo entlro camp. Kuowlodgo
of this lack of modicino reaehod Gener
al Wheeler late on Aug. 27, and on tho
28th thero was a council of surgeons
lasting flvo hours. At this council it
transpired that thero wero 8,000 siok
soldiers in tbo camp out of about 12,000
men, including thoso who bad not been
othor colors. Fluffy neckwonr is adopted
by women of all ages and suits almost ev
ery faco, provided n tint becoming to tho
complexion bo chosen.
Mousollno do solo Is used in tho utmost
profusion, composing tho little pelerines,
niches, ficlius, capes, full plastrons and
draped nnd gathered bodices now bo unl
vorsally adopted. Embroidery, Incrusta
tions, tucks and spangles servo to enrich
tho material, nlthough tbo plain mousse
lino Is often most attractive.
Tho picture shows n gown In which tho
skirt consists of plait lugs ot mauvo nious
sollno do solo mounted on a yoke ot white
gulpuro. Tho draped IkuIIco of gulpuro
over narrow silk has a putted half front of
mauvo mousscllno do solo. Tbo wrinkled
sleeves nro of mauvo mousellno do solo,
tho shoulder knot and neck and sleovo
frills of whlto moussellno do sole. Tho
hat of light liolgo straw Is trimmed with
yellow flowers. Junto Uiioli CT.
Htna tlinrn trnm f( in flfih tin to fnvitw
cases dally, and on tho 28th. with a cluooxcept for tbo 2,000 aotually In hos
silk roll ot 4,279, ovor 0,400 wcro down , ?ita- Gonoral Wheeler took the matter
with fevor. This exhibit refors to tbo ,n band, cutting red tapo and w ring
hospital only. Sevorul huudrod fovor rnEh, orders for mcdlolno, as well as
cakes wero returned from tho bospitul "tflu f '"vision hospita s to receive
to tho quarters each day, but tho vio-' the overflow at tho genora hospital,
tlms woro not curod, and on the 3d of B? tbo wny General Wheeler was
Aucust. when tbo round robin took tbo . the mau tot tha bonr Bt 0aulP Wikoff, as
mutter up, Genoral Ames of Kent's di
vision declared "a full list of tbo sick
would mean n copy of tho rostor of ev
ery company" in Cuba. Throughout
thero were more sick in tho quarters
than in tho hospital.
Tho first goueral rolicf bcgan'nbout
July 24. That day Clara Barton scut
word to camp that sho had supplios ut
Santiago dock for tbo regimental sick.
Tho dole for a regiment was a sack of
rico und ouo of cornmcal. Ouo officer
told me tliut itcost $1.C0 to got tbo sup
ply for his regiment to camp, and it
helped all hands. Before tho troops left
Cuba they received rations of vegetables
ami of fresh beef. Tho government sup
plied beef to tbo officers' messes ut 10
ceutsn pound. 1'anlu prices prevuiledin
tho markets. Au officer said that ho
paid (I mid upward forthocauued fruit
and vegetables bold by grocers hero at
10 to 16 cents oucli aud was glad to got
thorn ut uuy price.
On Aug. 6 the first troops koiled from
Santiago. After that steamers left dally.
At v- in 1,000 men per diem pour
ed into Camp Wikolf. On tho 7th of tho
month thero wus nut a bit of shelter
ready, und tho same with nbout every
necessity, so tbut ou tho arrival of tho
first troops from Cuba tbo accommoda
tions wero iuadoquute aud novor up to
tho demand until tbo very last. By tho
time tbo 1,000 now urrivals of a given
day had been provided for u frosh do
tuohment, half of whom woru sick, do
muiided attention, Yet thcru vu no ap
parent luck of wlso and energetio action
in tho iiku (.f such facilities us tliu gov
urnn.ttit j.ii..li1, with die exception
perlmiiH of the medical dcpuitineiit.
IlunpituU iituw, but tliay couldn't beat
tho puco of llioU-un mil'Mix camo for
ward, but tho fever gave ten new vic
tim to tliiKinotliny could save, and cup
Jlllua iul4UlI III, li.il not In tliuu to Mop
tho ritviigliig fainlnu of iioiirUhiiitm ul-
Jooavujry, tuntM vuru pltelieil upon
rlllm ' 'lufff
B. W. JORDAN'S
Is Replete with Latest Designs in
Stamping, Drawn Work
-saFULL LINES OF-ss
Washable Embroidery, Silks, Stamped
Linens, Cushion Tops, etc.,
ALWAYS IN STOCK.
No. 10 Fort St., Up Stairs
Commundur at Camp Wikoff.
Shatter had been in tho crisis at Santi
ago. Wheoler is a inarveloas, tiroloss
and self sacrificing workor, patient yet
uncompromising, courtoous yet porslst
out, with but one weaknohs, if weak
ness it was. His heart was always open
to individual distress. Possibly tho
many did not suffer beoauso of hlsatton
tiou to tho few.
On tho 6th ot September, after a briof
ibtenoo, I raturnod to camp to find tho
rvll remedied In part. Still thoro wero
not nurx's. enough for delirious nnd tin.
cuiihclouH cases undnoudoquuto cooking
urrungemcnlN for men ou dint. On tho
whole, huwuver, tho heiillh of tho men
improved greatly by Kept, 10, Tho trip
north, with chango of air, thu liopu in
spired by thu thought thut tho heroes of
Huiitlugu wero uot to bo left Jo did, tho
Uare the Kitchen Small.
"Ily oil means liao a hinall kitchen,'
writes Mrs. S T Itorer In reply to an In
quirer In Tho Ladlos' Homo .lournal "A
largo kitohen with n cellar door at one
sldo, a tablo nt another, a range ut another
aud tho sink at Mill another requires too
much walking. Tltuu U euiihiiuietl in go
ing from ono place to another rather than
with actual work. Have your range placed
in n light and coincident part of tho
kitchen. In front have a gixnl sired table,
containing drawers and kjiaees underneath
for keeping utensils, ono tuition of the
top covered with zlno and tho other half
left plain. Havo underneath the top a
baking board which you can easily pull
out. Tho sink should bo near nt hand.
Tho pantry may bo on tbo other side ot
tho kitchen and bo sufficiently largo to
hold a barrel of flour, a small pastry tablo
and a convenient arrangement of sbolvos.
Ilow to Trepare Celery.
Not many peoplo know that a bunch
of celery in tho bunds of tv good houso-
Keeper is uuu ui iuu iuw iuiuhh uuuui
whioh thero is absolutely no wasto.
From un ordinary buuch of celery ot
flvo stalks pick off tho largo leavos,
wash thorn aud placo in a quart of wa
ter, lotting tho quantity boll down to
about half a pint. Whon cold, bottlo
this liquid and keep in a cool placo to
bo usod for flavoring gravies nnd toups.
Next wash uud boil tho llvo roots the
sumo as potatoes, trying thorn with a
fork to toll when done. Cut thorn into
thin slices, add n finely out onion nnd
mako into n salad tho same us tho or
dinary potato salad. Tho largo and
coarsor stalks of celery out into inch
lengths, boll, cover with a cream sauco
aud sorvo as a vegotablo. Tho delicate
stalks uso as ordinarily for a rolUh,
uud tho young yellow leavos will be
found to muko a pretty trimming for
tho meat dish. This usos ovcry scrap of
tho celery itsolf, but tho careful house
koopor will not oven dlsourd tho string
which ties tho stulks together, but it it
Is long enough will roll it up for future
YVIiiloin of AguiimlUu,
Aftor studying tba situation Agulnal
do has concluded thut It would bo bet
tor to sncrlllca n llttlo splendor und
havo n atcady situation. Washington
In tti. Shiiib Class,
As dictators Agulnaldont Manila nnd
Typewriter llhiiion ut Havana uro now
practically In tho same class, Phila
WITH THE CITY FURNITURE STORE.
Oood Embalming a Specialty. A full stock
of the latest and best undertaking goods
and paraphernalia, including several Black
and White Hearses.!
Office, 534 536 FortjSt., Love Building.
TELEPHONE 846. NIGHT .BELL ON DOOR. S.
Residence 777 Fort St.,near VIneyard4St. Telephone andlNight Call, 840.
i jnninwiMiirrTTnrriMTTrTTri rrnm i
P. E. B. STRA.UOH,
Real Estate Broker
Financial Agent and Colloctor.
Lincoln Block, - 030 King street.
A. J. CAMPBELL.
Stock and Bond Broker.
Mtmrr nt thai Mftnnliitn CiA-Lr Prhflaa.
Office Queen stroot, opposite Union
TslsphoBS jo. P.O. Boa hi.
JAH. F. MOKQAN,
Miobci ot Honolulu Stock Eichsnr.
TsUphons t. P. O. Bos Ml.
Qeneral Mautger of
Tht Equitable Lift Assurance Society
01 tht United HUtes lor the Hawaiian
Oman Merohsut itiect, Ilouolnlui
In all colors. 56,44,72 and 120 inches wide. A
fine consignment of Up-to-Date Furniture, including a large variety of
Chairs, just landed ex "W. G. Irwin."
Coyne -Mehrten Furniture Co., Ltd.
J. A. MEHRTEN, Manager.
Progress Bloolc, Fort & Beretania Sts.
Another One Hundred Tons of
ArJk THE! I. 3C I3iH
Corner Nuunnu and King Streets, Honolulu.
In Bedroom Sets, a-4, 3M d -VA Hediteads j Chiffoniers, Meat Safes) Wire, Wool
nnd Moss Mattresses) H.irhcr and Dentist Chairs, Tables, etc., to bo sold at Sat
PraiKUco prices nt the I. X. I.. S. W. I.BDBREK,
I', O, llox 535. I elcplionc .)7H, Proprietor.