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Chinese Ambassador Wu Talks to Assem
bled Business MenChinese Desire
Trade and Also Reciprocal
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The First American Viae Ratted Orer Manila.
Reduced from an Illustration la "On to Manila."
Viae Mcutcntant Brumby of Admiral Dewey'a Blair and bis Flag-Ralalna;
Parly on the Ilattlemcnta of Old Manila,
kc-dnwu fiuiu an Ululrlluu in "On to Jlaulf."
The Departure of tte Vlrst Pleet of Transport.
Btproduccd frsui as WatUaUaa la "Oa to Manila.'
Balaa aaHtilflaaaauflMHMnHHBauEM flp.vaRfl
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At tlio Conimcclal Congress meeting
lipid In Philadelphia, Oct. 18, His Ex
cellency Wu, Chineso Ambassador to
tho United States, spoko na follows, on
the trade relations of China:
Mr. Chairman, Ladles nnd Gcntlmen:
Wo aro assembled hero today to discuss
matters affecting international com
merceto enter Into n general discus
sion respecting tho world's trndo with a
view to Its development for tho bene
fit of all nations. China gladly takes
part in this Congress, nnd sho has ac
cordingly sent two delegates to repre
sent her In this body.
It is a well known fact that China's
trade and commerce with foreign na
tions has been and is Increasing oVery
year. This is especially tho caso with
tho United States. Since tho opening
of my country to foreign commerce,
fifty years ago, her trado with tho
United States has bene steadily in
creasing. To go no further back than
the year 1891, I find In tho trado re
turns of tho Imperial Marltlmo Cus
toms for that year tho exports of the
United States to China nmounted in
round numbers to 7,700,000 tads, and
tho Imports from China, 0,000,000 tacls.
Tho volumo of trado has Increased rap
idly over yycar, nnd it reached tho fol
lowing figures last year: Exports from
tho United States to China, 17,163,312
tacls, and Imports from China, 11,980,
771 taels, with atotal of 29.1C0.083 taels.
again, consider tho Straits Settlements,
which nro not so near to China as tho
Philippines. There the Chineso form
n largo proportion of tho population.
Their presenco has been deemed desir
able, nnd no restriction Is placed upon
their ndmfeslon. Tho English peoplo
aro well known to bo shrewd nnd good
colonlzcis, and If Chinese Immigration
wero objectionable, they would hnvo
stopped it long ago. Hut Instead of do
ing that, they have held out every In
ducement to Chineso to como to their
colonics, becauso thoy know by cxperl
enco that Chinese nrc useful to them.
It Is not for mo to say what policy
should bo ndoptcd by tho Amcrlcnn
Government for the Philippine Islands,
but npart from other considerations,
and looking solcy to tho interests of
tho Archipelago, It would seem to bo n
suicidal policy, from a statesman's
point of view, to prohibit tho entrance
of Chineso labor Into those Islands.
Whllo upon this subject, I feel com
pelled to refer to tho status of my coun
trymen in this country. Although from
fear of unduo competition with Ameri
can Inbor, It was thought expedient
soventcen enrs ago to enact a law to
prohibit the coming of Chineso labor
ers to this country, subsequent legisla
tion on this subject has gono so far
as to lnterfcio with tho coming of oth
er clnsses of Chineso ns well. It has
been held by tho highest legal author-
An Elaborate History of the Philippine
It is a significant fact that for many ity In this country "thnt tho result of
aUIbe "Old Olory" tX Vrt Baata Craa, Kadrena Ijlaada.
i Era rodvetd treat aa Uluatrttloa la ' Oa ta MaoUV
years tho nluo of your exports to
China was less than your Imports by
over ti,000,000 taels. Thus it Indicates
clearly that your export trado has been
nnd Ih Increasing Immensely. I have
liken these figures, as I say, from tho
customs returns; but, according to tho
United States Consul at Chcfoo, Mr.
Fowler, who seems to have taken great
pains In going oer tho figures, tho
United States trado with China Is un
derestimated by one-third, becauso tho
customs method of rccokonlng Is to'
credit tho ship with tho merchandise
sho carries; so a Btcnmer, say, flying
the Drltlsh flag and carrying a largo
quantity of American goods, tho goods
so Imported will bo put down as Drlt
lsh and not American. Thus, accord
ing to Mr. Fowler, your trado with
China last year was 40,000,000 taels.
Gratifying as theso figures aro, they
will not stop there, but .will contlnuo
to ndvnnco oery year.
Now that tho United States has prac
tically becomo our neighbor by Its re
cent acquisition of the Philippine Is
lands, tho prospect is brighter than
ever, and I should not bo surprised if,,
under fnvornblo conditions, and not re
tarded by unwlso methods, tho trado
will bo doubled or trebled In n few
I say, If not retarded by unwise
methods. Let mo glvo you an Illustra
tion. Mr. Wlldman, tho United States
Consul General nt Hongkong, used
theso significant sentences In his re
port of November 22, 1898, nfter having
studied the question thoroughly:
"Broadly speaking, there Is not an In
dustry In tho islands (Philippines) that
will not bo ruined If Chineso labor Is
permitted." And again, In his report
of July 1st, last, speaking of tho cstab
llshment of cotton mills In Hongkong,
which is looked upon as a remunera
tive Undertaking, ho say's: "Tho only
thing that tho promoters of this Eng
lish Industry fear is that mills will be
established In Manila, which would
only bo pocslblo If Chinese labor wero
This opinion of your Consul, who has
been many years in the East, and
whoso business is to protect tho inter
ests of his countrymen, Is universally
confirmed by all other competent
Judges In tho matter. It Is, therefore,
manifestly to your Interest that Chin
ese Immigration to tho Philippines
should bo as freo as possible In Bot
tling upon a policy of such vital Im
portance, affecting tho welfaro nnd
prosporlty of your newly acquired pos
sessions, it Is well to study tho courso
pursued by another great power in 1U
colonies adjacent, whoso conditions
aro very much similar.
Tako tho caso of Hongkong. It was
but a barren rock on tho Chineso coast
But slnco Its occupation by Great Drlt
aln, every Inducement has been given
to tho Chinese to como and settle there.
Now It has becomo a great center of
trade,, ns fair a city ns can bo found
under tho tropical sun, u cenulno pearl
of great price, and tho prldo of the
British Empire. It Is tho Chineso whe
have contributed so largely to tin
prosperity of that British colony. Then
f 10 0 if ? 0 a 0mt
f A m HIT ! .
on to lamia
the whole body of thoso laws nnd de
cisions thereon Is to determlno that the
truo theory is not that nil Chineso per
sons may enter this country who nro
not forbidden, but that only thoso who
nro entitled to enter nro expressly al
In conscqucnco of this opinion, nil
collectors of customs and Inspectors In
this country and In tho Hawaiian Is
lands hnvo been Instructed to rcfuso ad
mission to persons described ns sales
men, clerks, buyers, cashiers, physi
cians, proprietors of restnurants, etc.
My attention was called tho other day
to tho caso of three Chineso clergymen
who wero not allowed to land. Tho
legal functionary stated his decision
thus: "I am of tho opinion that mln-
iBtcrsprcnchers, nnd missionaries, as
well as doctors, lawyers, etc., nro not
of tho exempt class." Therefore,
should His Excellency LI Hung Chang
como to Now York as a private Indivi
dual, ho would not bo allowed to land.
Fortunately, I enmo to this country be
fore this opinion was rendered, other
wise I should hnvo been excluded, nnd
I must abandon any Intention I may
havo of coming to tho United States In
tho future as n Confucian missionary
becauso I shall bo turned back.
It must not bo Inferred that in this
matter I throw any blamo on tho offi
cials charged with tho carrying out of
tho Chlnesj exclusion laws. They aro
simply doing their duty. And here I
would acknowledge tho uniform courte
sy and kindly feeling shown mo by nil
tho ofilclnls, high and low, with whom
I havo como In contact. I simply point
out that under the existing laws nnd
regulations, my countrymen nro sing
led out as tho only pcoplowho aro not
pcrmltttcd (oxcept a very few under
certain strict conditions) to como to
tho United States and its colonial pos
sessions, whllo tho subjects nnd citizens
of all othor nations, of whatever color
or race, Including Japanese, Malays,
Siamese, and othor Asiatics, and Afri
cans, nnd oven savnges, nro nt liberty
to enter freely.
Persons nro generally disliked on ac
count of their Indolence, Immorality,
and other badqunlltlca, but I believe
that this is tho first InBtanco In tho
history of tho world that a people nro
considered undesirable and oxcludcd
from a country becauso of tholr Indus
try, perseverance, honesty, and other
China does not inako such Invidious
distinctions. What Is open to ono na
tion is open to nil nations. All nro
equally welcome. So far fiom taking
any retaliatory measure, sho Is still
holding tho most friendly nnd cordial
relations with tho United States, nnd I
hopo nnd trust theso relations will long
And referring to discussions today
tbout the open door, China Is for open
door; sho opens her doors; her doors
iro wldo open to you all; all aro wcl
:onio equally. In view of tho certain
ncrcase of this vast trado nnd com
norco between China and tho United
States, nnd In view of tho unrivaled
V- t " "" "'' 00'0. 0"&f
1kh afc" V4V 4PA "ato Bafc b afr to 9to eb aP
The Special '
of the Examiner-Journal,
Who tells of tic achieve ments secured by our American Arms is ti
Orient, from the time whtn Admiral Dewey made his historic entrant
into Manila Bay to the present.
The woik consists of fifty-sixty octavo pages with eighty-hit
series of pen sketcrmfcj
accompanied America's El'
superb illustrations frcm photographs and
Pierre N. Boeringtr, the War Artist who
SPECIAL FEATURES OF "ON TO MANILA
A Sketch Jrom the life of AJmiral George Dewey, made on
deck;of his Flagship.
A ccmplete roster of the Oregon, California, Washington and
Volunteers, with a death list compiled and revised to Miy 25th.
A Department devoted io the movement of California's regii
from the time it sailed from San FrTmcisco to the present.
Portraits of California's Commanders and California's Officers
taken in Manila.
Groups of California's Companies taken while on duty in Manila.
Authentic Maps shewing the movements cf cur Army In the M(.lf
of the City of Manila, repr
photographs showing tho AntvlaMi
barracks, and In action agalatt tb
An immense Panoramic View
Mlustrations produced from
troops in the field, in camp, in
Spaniards and the Filipinos.
A detailed s.tory of the two campaigns written by an auihar
having been detailed as a special War Ccrrespondent to aMI
Admiral Dewey's Fleet and the Eighth Army Corps, is speckklf tHtr
to describe the stirring events which befell our "Boys in BW Ik U
far-away Islands of 'the Orient.
Beautifully bound in Gold and Embossed Covers, and by t
arrangement is placed within the reach of the BULLETIN'S nl . i
the price of
25 GENTS AND ONE COUPON.
As the edition is limited and all orders will be filled in
you desire'the work it is advisable that your order be filed at
Now ready for delivery at the BULLETIN office.
(Continued on pago 12.)