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title: 'Evening bulletin. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii) 1895-1912, January 21, 1900, Image 1',
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ONE VOTE FOR
THE MOST POPULAR CAP
TAIN OH THE ISLAND
Vol. VIII. No. 1134.
HONOLULU, H. I., SUNDAY, JANUAHY 21, 1900.
Pbiob 5 Gents.
I j 2y
MEASURES OF BELIEF
All Day Sunday the Work Is Going On-Church
Will Soon Be Cleared Camps Established
for Fugitives Asiatics Calmly Ac
cept Situation All Nation
It was not until lateyesterday afternoon
that the last of the people of the Infected
district burned out by the.fire were march
ed out on King street and taken to Ka
walahao church. Then It was that the
men In charge found that some of the
people would have to be taken to other
places on account of the crowded condition
of the church grounds an I the church
proper and there was Immediately a move
toward procuring other places of quaran
tine. Several places were named but It
was finally concluded to take some people
toValaamllo. others to Kakaako and
still others to the drill shed, Hackfeld's
warehouse and the hoise opposite Kawai
ahao church on Punchbowl street.
When the work was completed it was
fouid that 'here were 1077 Chinese men,
women and children left on the church
premises. In the meantime supper had
been prepared, and volunteers and others
were set to work at this. Contributions
of rice, bread, condensed milk, meat and
other eatables poured In from different
people. All but the rice was consumed,
th r.blnamen refusing absolutely to eat
,nv of their national dish prepared by
Men were soon busy with the work of
putting up tents to shelter tlie vast num
ir nf ncnDle In the yard. The womer
in.! rlilldren were removed to the thurch
proper, and In this place they spent the
night. The men made themselves as
comfortable as possible In the tents out
side. This morning the church was found
to be In a very bad condition, and some
very thorough cleaning will have to be
To-day operations are progressing rapid
' ty at the church, under the supervision of
George Carter. A comlssary department
with several young men of the city, have
put up a tent arrangement in the Lunalilo
tomb yard, and It Is from this place that
the food for the people Is distributed.
.Further than this, gangs of ten Chinamen
ach have been organized, and to these
rice, meat and other eatables suggested by
th head men of the gangs, are distributed.
. Kough sanitary arrangements hive already
ieen made, it Is understood inu aooui
500 people will be removed from Kawala
liso church this afternoon.
This will relieve considerably the sit
uation at the church. It has not yet been
decided what will be done with the re
mainder of the Chinese but It Is certain
that they will be removed, to Wnlakamllo
in the near future as the working forcem
the buildings at that place has been
doubled, every auallable carpenter In town
liavlng been secured. The Chinese seem
very well satisfied and the men doing
guard duty are having no trouble what
ever. Little sickness has been found.
It was about 6 o'clock that the exodus
from the (hurch yard began. The Japa
nese were the first to attend to and It was
ihniit o'clock before the list of these
, were removed. Minister Cooper waS
placed In charge and In a short time he
had arranged accommodations for these,
956 In all, In the drill shed. Military
guards were put around the place at once
tnd the people began preparations for the
night. Later on 275 Chinese were march-
' ed over and these were placed In the
quarters recently erected for the men of
'The people of this camp were very quiet
durlne night and this morning bright and
early they were out on the parade grounds
in a verv happy mood.
To-day a 1. 1 of carpenters are at work
oh the grounds. Water closets have been
put up to the right of the drill shed and
on the other side Is aboard fence calculated
to protect the j roperty to the rear. As the
Bulletin goes to press a force of men Is
busy with the work of putting up a bar
racks which will run from the Ewa side
of the drill shed almost to the road and
from that position to one near the recently
erected quarters of the 6th. Artillery,
making a cimpleteL. This being done
to facilitate the keeping of the Japanese
and Chinese within the bounds. It will
take at least a couple of days to complete
this work. Seen In regard to the camp
this forenoon Attorney General Cooper
had the following to say:
Although 1 do not know positively. I
believe It Is the Intention of the Board of
Health to keep these people here until the
time their quarantine elapses. They cer
tainly cannot find a better place and the
barracks now In process of construction
will give us absolute control over the people."
Later on few over 150 Chinese were re
moved from the church premises and
marched, under guard, to the top story
building on Punchbowl street opposite the
church localities. This camp Is In charge
of secretary Coleman of the Y. M. C. A.
and things there are progressing nicely
to-day, Guards are distributed about the
place so that there is no danger of the
escape of any of the refugees. How long
these people will remain there Is not yet
known as the whole thing depends on the
rapidity with which the work at Wala
Some 500 natives were taken to Ho
nuakaha last night and this morning
about half the number was removed to the
Kakaako warehouse detention amp. With
this lot went about 20s Japanese from
The natives remaining at Honuakaha
are being tken care of today by the Ha
wallan Relief Society and a number of
There are about 60 natives In Pilnce
Jonah Kalanlanaole's place opposite Ka
wal ihao church on King street. These
an J the other natives are being well
Aftermath of the
Chinatown that was Is a scene of deso
lation to-day. Every frame building, the
Independent office excepted, has been
burned to'the ground. Tnat the fire did
Its work well Is attested by the fact that
not a stick of the buildings bumed remains
standing, and It Is hard, even for a person
perfectly acquainted with Chinatown, to
pick out the places where various buildings
Il is usual in the case of buildings bumed
to see people standing about watching the
smouldering ruins, or searching amongst
the debris for articles of value that might
have been spared by the unsparing flames,
but with the Chinatown ruins to-day It
is different. The occupants have been
taken to various places In town, and none
but the guards stand by.
It was not until between 4 and 5 o'clock
yesterday afternoon that the raging fire
was got under control, and then the flames
probably ceased their work because there
were no more frame buildings In China
town to attack.
The last w ooden structure was the In
dependent building, and the firemen con
centrated all their efforts on this, for, had
the flames spread across the street, the
Iron Works might have been destroyed,
and even the brick buildings as far as
Nuuanu might have suffered greatly.
When darkness stole over the city there
was a lurid glare from Chinatown, and
many thought the flames were still on
their way towards the business part of the
city, but the glare was caused by the
burning ol the remains of the Chinatown
buildings. This continued until morning,
but now the fire and all but a very little
smoke have ceased.
The brick part of Kaumakaplll
church, No. 3 engine houso and a couplo
ot buildings in King street aro all that
stand between a clean sweep from
Smith street to the river.
A committee was sent down Into
Chinatown this morning to attend to
the work ot gathering up what personal
effects had been spared. Of these there
were not many. Special attention was
turned to the safes around In different
localities and these, together with tho
other things, were carted In drays to
tho burned ports In the vicinity of the
The committee started rrom.the rear
of Kaumakaplll church and here are
some of the things done and noticed
along the way:
Back of Kaumakaplll , church and
close to tho building, where the. fire
men started yesterday's conflagration
was a dog, badly burned and dying.
Dr. Pratt, one of th committee, soon
put the poor animal out of Its misery.
On all sides were dead dogs, cats and
rate. Tho commltteo commented on
this fact and expressed tho opinion that
probably a lot of danger had been pre
vented by this wholesale burning of
tho animals of Chinatown. It Is cer
tain that not many escaped for the
flro was altogether too hot and the
flamoB spread altogether too quickly.
Stepping Into tho ruins of Kaumaka
plll church tho committee found the
heat from the walls altogether too in
tense to remain long and camo out past
tho place where the bells of tho Kau
makaplll chimes had fallen. Those
were found to bo completely destroyed,
most of them being burned beyond
A llttlo beyond and in tho place
whero the steps of tho church 'stood
was a pile of melted glass. This, it
was explained, was tho remains of sov
cral thousand soda water bottles taken
to the place by the Consolidated Soda
Water Works when Block 10 was
Near tho place whero the gate stood
wcro tho remains of several bicycles,
evidently left in a hurry by people who
had work ln4he fumigating headquart
ers and the rendezvous of tho Japanese
nunning along from the church yard
to No. 1 engine, lying In a crippled
mass near by, was a trail of white
ashes showing where tho hoso attached
to the engine had been burned.
Tho committee then went across the
street and roamed among th ruins, di
recting the operations of tho carts em
ployed to tako away personal effects
and the men at work on tho water
Upon reaching tho remains of No.
3 cnglno houso one of tho membors ot
tho committee said: "I saw a very
funny thing hero yesterday. In tho
midst of tho excitement a fireman ran
to the second story of this englno house
and soon appeared on tho veranda with
a rope, nt the end of which was an Iron
bedstead. Using all his strength he
soon had this lowered to tho street and
out of harm's way. Nothing else was
let down, and this led mo to tho con
clusion that the bed must bo an heir
loom." On Itlver street, near the wall wore
tho remains of bicycles, machines and
household furnlturo taken out of the
houses by tho panic stricken people In
tho lower part of Chinatown when thoy
saw tho flames spreading in their di
rection. In tho river wcro a lot of
trunks and chairs thrown In when It
was found that even the things along
tho river would bo sacrificed.
On King street the whole forco of
tho Mutual Tolephone Co. was found at
work straightening up some hundred
and fifty wires burned from the poles
and left lying in tho street. This work
will tako quite a long time. Superin
tendent Cassldy is personally directing
It being thought by that committee
that, on account of the rapidity ot the
spread of tho fire somo children or even
grown peoplo might have been burned
to death tho commltteo kept nn eye
open for any dead bodies, but none
The military guards havo been re
moved from posts along tho river and
Board of Health men havo taken tholr
places. Their business Is, ot course.
to K03p out peoplo without pasois and
keep those peoplo still within tho lim
its of the nfected districts from dig
ging among tho ruins, but ihlts morn
ing it was noticed that tho guards
themselves were doing a 'Ittle digging.
As all hands are busy today with the
peoplo from Chinatown not much U br
ing dono In the infected district but to
morrow the scene among the ruins vlll
undoubtedly be an extremely Lucy one.
Dr, Wood Speaks
of tbe Situation
m. As days go'lthese
y lainy be
times, this Sunday may fairly be
ciaimeu as ouering an
At the Board of Health office,
no plague cases or deaths are bul
letined. There is one suspect
case. ItlsthdtofaChlnese baby
dead when discovered nt Aala,
near the Chinese theatre. The
body lies at the morgue awaiting
Dr. C. B. Wood, president of the Board
of Health, was asked this morning for his
views on the situation as affected by yes
terday's fire, and he answered:
"I consider the situation as more en1
couraglng than at any j.tlme since the first
case of plague was discovered
"We have things just as we had wanted
all along. The Inhabitants of the Infected
districts are corralled right under our eves
and, although as yet In the heart of the
city, will be removed outside to comfort
able quartes as soon as possible.
"The Board of Health will no longer be
under the necessity of concentrating all Its
energies In looking after Chlnitovvn.
There Is no more Chinatown. Its Infected
buildings and merchandise are burned.
Having1 its late Inhabitants practically all
under supervision, there Is no fear that
any new cae of plague will become a
center of Infection.
"Another most valuable point gained Is
the a'ouIng of the whole community to
energetic effort for stamping out the
plague. The thorough Inspection by the
citizens' committee gives assurance that
all caies of sickness will be promptly re
ported. Moreover, the Inspectors have
now been educated regarding symptoms of
the plague, so that the chances of the con
cealment of cases are next to Impossible."
BIG CITIZENS' MEETING
President Wood Speaks Hopefully o? the Sit
uationSuggestions to Inspectors
Infected District Pau Epidemic
Can Be Prevented by Exercise '
of Constant Watchfulness.
C. It. COLLINS DID IT.
C. It. Collins Is tho man who, during
tho most critical time yesterday, sug
gested to Firo Commissioner Crozlor
that he call out what numbers of the
Citizens' Quar dho could find.
Contributions of food and clothes will
bo willingly accepted at all tho camps
mentioned in this issue. People wero
forced to leave their homes in China
town on such quick notice that they
left with hardly anything but tholr
Captain Haynes of the Cth Artillery,
Is in chargo ot tho men on guard at
Kawalahao. Thero are seventy-five of
these divided Into three reliefs of twen-
NO MORE RICK.
It lfl expressly requested by the men
in charge at Kawalahao that no more
cooked rico be sont thero, as the
Chinaman will not eat It. Other con
tributions will be willingly accepted.
The Plckliandlc Brigade.
Will E. Fisher, the real estate and stock
broker, gave a reporter a graphic account
of the mustering of theplckhandle brigade.
"I was going Into the citizens' head
quarters with my Inspection report," said
Mr. Fisher, "when Mr. Tenny met me and
told. me to never mind the report, but
collect all the men 1 could and assemble
them at the fire to prevent the Inhabitants
of the Infected district from scattering al
"I started on the dead run, calling all
the men I knew to follow me, and headed
for Castle & Cooke's. Here I met Mr.
Bowen and sung out to him to get til the
men about the place, and every one of
them to arm himself with a pickhandle.
Grasping a pickhandle myself I started
for the front, Mr. Bowen ordering every
man within hearing to follow me.
'Others having In the meantime taken
the same cue, there was quickly seen what
I suppose was the first pickhandle brigade
ever organized In Honolulu. You know
all the rest, of how the crowds from the
burning district were gathered and directed
under sure control to the camping grounds.
"When this work had been carried out,
I volunteered amongst the firemen, and
have been running on special errands and
carrying hose ever since."
Mr. Fisher's story Is only given as a
sample, scores of citizens having acted
with slmllarpiomptnessand energy. They
were seen on all sides, as the battle with
the flames was ending, disguised with the
war paint of muddy water and smoke.
It may not be Invidious, amidst such a
mass of credit due, to mention the brave
work of Fred Harrison, the contractor and
builder. While the Interior of the large
warehouse between King street and the
foundry was a raging volcano, Mr. Har
rison stood upon a shaky stage at the very
brink of the crater, and for a solid hour
took buckets of water from a line of help
ers, throwing the contents now upon new
points of Ignition and again upon the men
handling the hose, to keep them from
TROUBLE AT WAIAKAMILO.
The report comes of trouble at Wul
akamilo this morning between Japan
ese and natives. The guards on duty
soparated tho contending rnrtlcs. Tbe
Japanese1 were the aggressors.
It Is reported that goods and valu
ables estimated at about llO.-oO was
taken from the store ot Wing Mow
Chan on King street, noar Murray's
carriage shop last night.
THE PLAQUE SITUATION.
3 p. m. The situation Is very much
improved today and tho Board of
Health is moro hopeful. There nave
been no assured cases tooiy. in tue
morgue at tho present tlmo Is an eight
monthB' old Chinese cnua rrom Asia
that has been posted as a suspect case.
The post mortem 1b no wbelng held and
tho result will not oe Known unui later
GALICIANB CALLED IN.
Several Oallclans under Edward
Damon did very efficient duty at Ka
walahao last night They marched the
Chinese and Japanese along llko old
hands at the business.
More than two hundred men attend
ed tho meeting ot sanitary inspectors
and sub-inspectors at Progress hall at
11 o'clock this morning. L. A. Thurs
ton presided. The meeting lasted until
Mr. Thurston opened tho meotlng
with remarks, strongly emphasizing
tho necessity of thorough inspection.
Poor Inspection was worso than nono.
The sub-Inspectors must not permit
themselves to bo bluffed from tho per
formance of their duties. He called on
Dr. Wood, president of tho Board ot
Hoalth, to address the meeting on tho
DR. WOOD'S REMARKS.
Dr. Wood Bald tho main thing now
wns tho discovery of cases. At tho out
bot ot troublo tho firo proposition of
tho Board of Health was to get tho peo
ple away from tho Infected districts. It
had been a fearful problem how to got
tho people out of Chinatown. Thoy were
almost In despair tho otner aay wnen
they appealed to tho Council of State.
Now Provldenco or someooay oise uau
stepped in and wiped out Chinatown.
Now If they did not stamp out mo
nlacruo. or at least tho epidemic, it
would bo their own fault. Ho admit
ted, however, that there wero unclean
places outside of Chinatown to be
watched. Whorever Inspectors found
a case ot sickness without a reputablo
physician In attendance, It should bo
nt onco reported.
Unsanitary conditions wcro tho cause
of plague wherever It appeared in tho
world. Thero had been much alarm
about tho plaguo in a whlto rcsldenco
district whero a caso naa occurreu. 110
did not consider the danger there very
bad. It would be wiped out tho samo
ns nlaces In Chinatown. Cases appear
ing in the better residence quarters of
tho city could be handled, but notning
llko tho conditions of Chinatown should
ever again bo tolerate.
Nover mind business for a week
while tho work of thorough inspection
was being carried out. Tho peoplo from
Chinatown would all be moved out to
Kallhl. Places whero thoy were then
mlcht bo disinfected. If not they must
bo burned out. Thero was no great
dancor from thoso peoplo. It was not
often the disease wns communicated
from person to person. Ho wanted to
Impress them that It was not the poo
ple but the localities that were danger
ous, and to a minor extent the belong-
lncs of infected people. A rerereuce
to tho moy showed many cases all from
th center of Ah Hee s carpentor enop.
Not only because Chinatown was
wiped out should they take courage,
but the inspectors had boon cducatod
to a knowledge of the eymptomB ot the
plague. They knew what It was they
wero fighting. They had organzed
themselves Into an army wth compe
tent officers. In nnswer to a question, had watched
Dr. Wood described the symptoms, not much Interest.
differently from what they were stated
In the instructions to inspectors.
'W. R. Sims asked if It was advisable
to institute a campaign against rats.
Dr. Wood answered it was a hard
thing to do. Rata became very wary
when pursued. It was not advisable
to poison them, as they might dlo and
putrlfy in concealed places. If they
could tran them, all right. Should any
ot them And a dead rat, nana 10 11 at
the ond of a long pole and burn it. lie
saw no reason, answering unuiuoi
query, why a cat should npt take' In
fection. Ccavenglng was not' a' safe oc
cupation, plnguo or no plague this
with reference to a remark about the
explorations of children and otuers
The layman Inspector should not at
tempt to diagnose suspicious cases. If
no reputable physician bo in attend
ance report the case at onco to the
Board of Health. There was no meai-
cnl remedy for this scourge, but antl
toxlno was proving very efficacious in
other countries. He did not know how
early infection developed from a caso.
The patient did not seem to be so dang
erous as material Infected from him.
As to garbage, anything raked up on
tbe surface of tho ground should be
burned. Cesspools ought to be disin
fected with a dilution ot sulphuric acid.
Creollne and formaline were rather ex
pensive for ordinary use. A sufficient
quantity ot lime would kill all germs.
MEANS FOR DISINFECTING.
Geo. W. Smith being called upon
gave further Information about disin
fectants. Sulphuric acid must be put
in the water, not water In the acid or
there would be an explosion. Disinfec
tants for tho uso ot the poor could be
bad on official orders through blm.
Mr." Thurston, in1 reply to A. B.,
Wood, said disinfecting rauBt bo done
compulsorlly whero it is not voluntary.
MR. WATERHOUSE'S RESOLUTION.
Henry Waterhouse moved a resolu
tion, that It Is tho senso ot this meet
ing that tho business of the town bo
suspended, for tho next ton days so as
to give tho citizens an opportunity to
stamp out tho plaguo."
W. W. Hall held that business houses
Lhavo orders to fill that nro peremptory,
and moved an amendment that busi
ness houses open at 10 a. m. and close
at 3 p. m.
Mr. Waterhouso explained thnt his
Idea was that tho young men Bhould
not be prevented from doing Inspection
work by the demnnds of their employ
ers. Ho accepted tho amendment,
which was then put nnd carried.
A. V. Gear suggested that n supply
of disinfectants should bo placed nt
stores or other Biiltnblo places in outer
districts, as It would happen that thero
would not bo time to procuro tho ma
terials from town the snme daw that
Inspectors ordered disinfection of
Mr. Thurston, answering questions.
said thero was no personal qnaranllno
to be enforced by Inspectors, but only
a prohibition of chnngo of residence.
Landlords wcro as much llnble ns ten
ants for falluro to disinfect premises.
The garbage carts were swamped with
work, yet attention would bo paid to
requests for tho removal of gnrbagc.
Mr. Ballou received applause for say
ing that every Inspector on 'raving thnt
room should bo Impressed with tho Idea
that thero was a caso or olngue rrom
tho Infected district lurking or being
roncealcd somowhero on his rounds of
A general discussion cnsue-l on re
ports ot "persons not seen," absentees
from Inspection, roo mto room visita
tion, etc. Tho speakers were S. M.
Ballou, Lorrln Andrews, A. V. Gear,
.Henry Davis, Mr. Crook. J. M. Vivas,
F. J. Lowrey, R. W. Shingle and E. B.
McClanahan. Mr. Gear hit the general
sentiment by saying that rtangir of
friction would arlso from making ex
ceptions to tho rulo or thorough in
spection of persons nnd houses.
A. B. Wood had heard that the
Sharpshooters' Co. wns ordered ont for
night guard duty. Ho bellired every
member of tho company wan an In
spector, nnd feared the two duties
Mr. Thurston maintained that tho
duty of inspection was nbove thnt ot
guard duty under present circum
stances. In roply to K, O. Whlto, who
said the hours of guard dnty earn after
thoco of Inspection, Mr. Thnrston said
that the guard duty was llab to make
the Inspectors late for their work next
morning. Ho thought that no Inspect
ors should be required to art as
President Dole, before the meotlng
ndjourned, was called on an4 said he
tho proceedings with
He thought the ground
had been fully covered. It had been felt
that the Board ot Health was running
tho Government, and, this was trno,
now the same as during the cholora
visitation. The Government wm stand
ing at the elbow of the Board of
Health and helping It hy every means
PEOPLE FROM CHINATOWN.
It is estimated that 3.831 people wero
taken. Into Kawalahao from .Chinatown
lrist night and that abont 1.600 went tho
Qther way out to Kallhl. The majority
of this latter lot wero .Upannso, but
there were also a goodly number of
natives and Chinese.
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