Newspaper Page Text
Hawaii's Popular Sea Captains !
Register Your Votes for Your Favorite !
Vol.. VIII. No. U57
HONOLULU, H. I., PIUDAY, PEISKUAKY 1G, 1900.
Peiob 5 Cents.
k jh 3tVRfiltef'3HSBnHrc'' v" a b rf ir RBFa S99a j tw CF
The BULLETIN offers to the per
sons who, between February ist and
July 31st, shall send in the largest
number of new subscribers, the fol
lowing prizes :
Iftt Prize Cleveland Bicycle, 70.
The winner of the ist prize Is U liberty
to choote between models go, qi an 1 Q4 of
the iqoo Cleveland Bicycle. MoJel 94 Is
a road racer. weight 20 pounds. Model 92
Is a light road wheel, weighing lbs , and
Model 90 a heavier road wheel, wt 24 lb.
The bicycle t be selected from the stock
of the Honolulu Bicycle Co.. agents
for Cleveland Bicycles. (The choice may
be made netween the corresponding Indus'
Models, should the winner of ist prize be
2nd Prize, 8lner 8cvlni Ma
The winner of this prize may choose
between thee three stvlrs of tin nines:
that with osclllitlng shuttle am top cover,
that with vlbratli.g shuttle and cabinet
ton, both five drawer m.ulilues,- or the
"Automa ic," with three drawers. TI.U
machine will be furnished bv B. Ber
gcrsen. sole agent for the Hawaiian
3rd Prize, Premo Senior Camera,
4x5, with Outfit, $40.00.
The Premn, Sr., has Double Swing
Back, Double Sliding Front, and Rack and
Pinhn for f .cosing. This camera mav be
used with either Plate or Pilms. The
OUtllt inCIUUe I mtr MOW, iripoj, 3
Trays, Oevelot'e', Fixer. Negative Pack,
Graduate, St rring Pod and Lantern.
Camew and outfit are from the LeMun
yon Photo-Supply Co., sole agents.
4 tli Prtz-, n Zonoplionc, the l.nt
C8t Improvement on tlieGramo
plionc, with 0 Records, $80.00.
This Is the loudest and most natural trntion would bo preferred. Accord
talking machine yet invented. It Is to he ting to law In such cases, tho nomlna-
Music Co., sole agents for the Hawaiian
The followimr conditions of the contest
must be observed :
1. Allsubscilpiionsmiiit be prepaid at
least three months In .idvance.
2. No renewals or transfers of sublet lp
tlons u ill be counted in till contest as
new subscrh turns. Each name must be a
bona tide adahion to the subscription iMs.
. SubsirlDtmns should be s nt In as
anddreor ther to' Vliom the ,
soon as secu ed. together with the name
the subscriber. Great c ireshouKI be t iken
to give ACCURATELY the full name and
address of each new subscriber.
4 Any person In the Ha
waiian Islands is eligible
to try for these prizes.
During the continuation of the contest
for the Mist Popular Captain, coupons
entitling the Holder to cast so many v(es
for the Captain ot his ihnke .accmdlng to
fr.e term of his subscription, will be given
to each new subscriber attached to the
receipt for the subscription, as previously
Subscription Rates: 8.co per year,
te.00 for three months; strictly in advance.
TBK HOST POPULAR CAPTAIN
The captain who shall have the largest
number of votes on Saturday. March 11.
will be given an elegant pair of Binoculars
from the store of H. F. Wichman. I he
are the nest that can be obt dned and may
be seen on display at Wlchman's store.
In addition to the votes .vhlch annear
each day In the upper right hind orn-r of
the first page, which are to be filled out
and deposited at this office, new subscribers
are entitled to cast votes as follows. A
coupon for the number Is attached to the
t MONTH 40 VOTES
I MONTHS 150 V TbS
6 MOIMMS 350 VOTES
tjYEAR 753 VOTES
The standing of the contest Friday. Feb.
8, was as follows. This list will be chang
ed every Saturday.
CAPT. SIMbRSON 1230
CAPT. CAMERON 1100
CAPT. CLARKE 1027
CAPT. PEDhHSEN 444
CAPT. TULLETl- 197
CAPT. HRUHN 137
CAPT. FREEMAN no
CAPT. NICHOLSEN q
CAPT. WblSBAR I H 9
CAPT. -SAMsUN 8
CAPT. THOMPSON 6
The Nippon Maru arrived oft port
at an early hour last evening. She
camo to an anchor and Hackfeld'a scow
went outfto bring la the mall as
neither pilot boat was available, ono
having gone outsldo to tho Albert and
the other one being engaged In chasing
the Invern'css-shlro. Mr. Schuitto ot
U. Hackfeld & Co., was tho only man
who went out on tho scow.
The passengers did not come In last
night but waited until tho Nippon
Maru hauled alongsldo tho Pacific
Mall wharf at about 8:30 o'clock this
BROWN OPPOSES BROWN
Objection From North Carolina Id Matter
or D. B. Smith's Estate.
Objection Asserts Exlsttoce of & Will and As
Largest Creditor Objects to Admlstrator
and Nomloaks a Reedier.
A telegram has been received at tho
Judiciary Department, as follows:
"Statcsvllle, N. C, Feb. 9, 1900.
President Judge First Circuit Court,
care Henry Smith, clerk, Honolulu,
Hawaiian Islands. Objections made to
appointment Cecil Brown, administrate.-
cstato D. B. Smith. There Is a
will. It it cannot bo found I am en
titled to administration as largest
creditor. Postponement ninety days
for bearing respectfully asked. Ap
point E. I. Spalding temporary re
ceiver. "GEO. A. BROWN."
Mr. Smith immediately drew up the
"Department of tho Judiciary, Ho
nolulu. H. I., Feb. 16, 1900. To Mr.
Geo. H. Brown, Statcsvllle, N. C. Dear
Sir: Your objection per tho Western
Union Telegrtrflh Co. to tho appoint
ment of C. Brown as administrator of
the estate of tho late D. B. Smith U1I3
day received. So far no will In this
country has been produced or offered
for probate. If there is such a docu
ment not In this country tho appoint
I mnnt nt nn nlnilnlofmtnr linrn lvnnli1
mpn, nf nn o(imlnlstmtor hero would
bo subject thereto and tho administra
tion would in all probability be treated
n8 ancillary upon the filing of an ex
emplification of the proof of such a
document in somo other jurisdiction
outside of theso Islands. I do not be
lieve tho court here, in this estate,
would entertain tho appointment of a
receiver, the usual courso of ndmlnls-
tlon of nn administrator by the heirs
precedes that mado by a creditor irres
pective of tne largeness or smallncss of
any clnlm; nil creditors alike being
protected by the amount of tho bond,
wrilWi Is usually based upon tho vnluo
of tho estate to bo administered upon.
Both nominees C. Brown and B. I.
Spalding, are equal in their standing
In this community, commercially, so
cially or otherwise. I do not think
anything can bo gained by postponing
tho hearing for three months. How-
Ve'lpf "8 youTnow
your objection has been filed.
"Clerk Circuit Court, First Jud
YOTE TO EXTEND SEWERS
All tho Cabinet members were pres
ent at tho Executivo Council meeting
this morning, also F. M. Hatch, repre
senting tho Board of Health. With
regard to the resolution of tho Board
ot Health dated February 3, It was
Voted that tho Executive Council
recommend to the Council of State the
appropriation of $275,000 for tho com
pletlon ot the sewerage system under
the present contract and the estimated
cost of the extension ot tho sewerago
system as outlined In Mr. Rudolph
Herring's plans for tho sewerago sys
tem ot Honolulu: also for the propos
ed extension of sewerago to outlying
districts; tho samo to be subject to
the final approval of President McKtn-
It was also voted "that the Executivo
Council authorizo tho Minister of
Finance to transfer $100,000 from tho
current cash to the loan fund cash nt
provided for under Section 1, Act 63,
Session Laws ot 1898." .
Lllluokalanl to Return.
lion. Samuel Parker, who returned
in the Nippon Maru last night, is au
thority for tho statement that Queen
i.muoKaiani win oe oacK in iionoiuiu
some time this month. Sho would
havo returned In tho Nippon Maru but
her physician in Washington advised
her to remain a little longer to fully
gain tho good effects of tho chango ot
climate. When Mr. Parker left Wash
ington she was looking exceedingly
Guardian's Sale Confirmed.
Judge Perry has signed an order
confirming the guardian's sale ot real
estate belonging to Edwin Austin
Jones, Helen Jones, Margaret Jones
and Catharine Hay Jones, minors. The
property consisted of an undivided one
half ot seven land and water interests
at Walkane, on the Koolau side ot
Oahu, tho other half being tho prop
erty of P. C. Jone's, grandfather of the
minors. Tho sale was made to L u
Little ond Masonry.
It Is learned from authoritative lo
cal Masonic sources that Col. O. F. Lit
tlo has not been elected to thirty third
TPlfltfram Prnm RfiPr RffflroflC I
No Indications That Mailed Headway
Is Beiog Made Activity With
MethQen's Forces Big
Pretoria, Monday, Feb. B. Col.
Plumer'n force February 2, at
tacked tho Boer position near
Hamonsta and after heavy fight
ing Including an endeavor to take
tho placo by storm, tho British
were repulsed. Their loss is un
known. No Boers wcro Injured.
Ixmdon, Feb. 9. G:40 p. m. Up to
tho present tlmo the War Ofllcc
has evidently heard nothing of
General Bailer's retreat as de
scribed In the despatch from tho
Boer Head Laager, Ladysmlth,
When shown tho despatch tho
ofllclals appeared utterly dumb
founded. Apparently they had
not tho least suspicion of tho pos
sibility of such nn outcome- of tho
Retired Prom Melons Drift.
Boer Head Laager, Lndysmtth,
Thursday, Feb. 8. Tho British who
were In possession of tho kopje nt
Molcns Drift, nbandoncd It after a
bombardment by Boer cannon this
moi nlng nnd retired across tho Tugela
river to their former position.
A desultory cannonade Is proceeding
at the Tugela this morning, but other
wise everytning Is quiet.
ays Buller Retreated.
Head Laager, Ladysmlth, Wednes
day, Feb. 7. An armored train jester
day made ,a sortie from Chlovely to
wards Colcnso nnd landed 2,000 Brit
ish troops on tho right of tho Boer
The Boers Immediately crossed tho
river and made an attack with rifles
and nrtlllery forcing tho withdrawal
of both tho train and the troops to
Tho fighting on tho Upper Tugela
river lnstc.i until 8:30 o'clock Tuesday
ovcnlng. Particulars nro lacking. Fir
ing at Colcnso nnd along tho Upper
Tugela has been proceeding since 5
o'clock this morning. ,
Methuen's Men Retired.
Koodorsberg Drift, Feb. 8. Tho
Boers yesterday mado a determined nt
tempt to drivo tho British from a hill
commanding tho drift. Mounting two
7-pounders nt tho northern extremity,
they shelled tho position tho whole
Tho Seaforth Highlanders gained n
position on tho rockr summit and kept
up a sustained rifle fire, but suffered
somewhat from the Boers' shelling.
A battery was sent nnd succeeded in
Ll:cnclng tho Docr flrc. Meanwhile two
companies of tho Argyllo Highlanders
advanced along the plain In a westerly
direction, found the Boers entrenched
at a small drift. A sharp engagement
followed, lasting tho whole day
In order to completely surround tho
Boers, General Babington was des
patched from the Modder river with
a largo force of cavalry and two bat
teries of Horso artillery but failed to
reach here, although he started early
enough in the day to enable him to get
here early this afternoon. This morn
ing, General Methuen ordered that the
combined force should retlro upon tho
Modder river, which movement Is now
proceeding. The British losses in tho
fighting on Wednesday wero fifty men
killed or wounded. " '
London, Feb. 9. The despatch from
Koodorsberg Drift does not say whoth-
or General Babington
General MacDonald, but tho word
"combined" seems to Indicate that he
London In Worried.
London, Feb. 9, 2:35 p. m. Thero Is
still no nows of General Bullcr's do
ings today or yesterday. A despatch
dated Frero Camp, Thursday, February
8, but probably written with tho ad
vanced lines of Wednesday, February
7, and sent to Frero by runner, says:
"The forces of tho enemy aro on both
our flanks and continue to render our
position difficult to maintain."
Beyond tho fact that General Buller
devoted Wednesday to bringing more
artillery and troops across the Tugela,
nothing Is known ot his movements,
but that ho badly needed rconforce
ments Is evident from tho foregoing
from Frere. It Is still more patent
take up forward positions for the pur
pose of subduing the Boer guns on
both flanks. Upon the length ot tlmo
occupied in this oporatlon depends the
duration of General Duller s mainten
ance of tho defensive It Is reason-
able to supposo that tho guns nud re-
llcnnforccmcnta were In position yes.
terday nnd tho Important advance is
now progressing, or at least that tho
bombardment preliminary to tho nc
tual movement of the troops Is In
progress. In tho meanwhile, news Is
nwaltcd wlthj great eagerness, not un
mixed with anxiety.
Almost all tho critics now point out
that tho mero pushing through to
Ladysmlth without securing a do
clslvo victory on tho way thero would
only add danger to what Is nlready a
Another Frcre Camp despatch says
a Boer prisoner nsscrts that tho burgh
ers expected General Buller to cross at
Sklot's Drift, nnd Hint thousands of
Boers were being posted nt Doom
Kloof, to opposo such n passago whllo
on a captured hill thero wcro only a
few hundred Johannesburghcrs. This
tends to Increase tho anxiety of thoso
who bellevo that Oencrnl Buller has
scarcely begun tho serious part of his
nilwuice, though encouragement Is
gleaned from tho news that tho heavy
nnvnl guns after repeated attempts
during whlcii tho mules rolled down
tho hill, have succeeded In reaching
tho summit of Swartz Kop, when they
are doing excellent practice.
General Hector MacDonald's retire
ment from Kood's Dorp has created
disappointment. But tho operation
was apparently only Intended ns a sor
tlo or failure could scarcely havo re
sulted In nny material effect on tho
A rumor that Ladysmlth hnd been
relieved Is ngaln current today, but
tho War Ouicc authorities say they
have no confirmation of tho report.
Military attaches will lcavo tomor
row. Their destination Is not given,
row. Threlr destination Is not given,
but presumably they will Join Lord
Roberts, whoso whereabouts havo not
yet been mado pubic.
It was said today that ono of tho
first steps to Increase tho homo army
will bo tho raising of thirty-seven now
Horso and Field batteries with bar
racks on Salisbury Plain, and the addi
tion of third battalions to numerous
regiments which nt present nro with
Britain's Terrible Los.
London, Feb. 9, 4:30 a. m. Tho
heaviest fighting in tho advance of
Buller nppcnrs to havo been on Tues
day. General Bullcr's 233 casualties
aro mentioned ns having occurred be
foro noon Tuesday. Largo lists aro
consequently expected for tho rest of
the day. . The casualties already re-1
ported brings the total British losses
dining tho wnr to 10,241 killed, wound
ed nnd captured.
Tho supplementary" army statement
to March 31st was laid pro forma be
foro tho House of Commons yesterday,
but was not made public. It Is report
ed that the call Is for 20,000,000,
which would make tho cost of tho war
up to that date 30,000,000. Tho
maintenance of 200,000 men nt the
front, It Is estimated, costs between
8,000,000 and 10,000,000 per month.
Hard FlhtinQ for Buller.
London, Feb. 8. Spencer Wilkinson,
In the Morning Post today, says:
"Tho British forces appear to bo
everywhere on the move. In tho ab
sence of local knowledge It Is idlo to
guess tho site ot General Bullcr's new
attack. If, as seems likely, this is cast
ot Potglcter's Drift, tho distance to
Ladysmlth Is only ten miles and. the
country is mora open than any other
route. In any event General Bullcr's
troops will havo to break tho enemy's
resistance by hard lighting, for tho de
lay Involved In crossing the river must
make It difficult to gain tho start need
ed to turn tho enemy's flank,
It is not known whether Lord Rob -
crts has moved to begin tho campaign
or not. It may bo that ho has only
moved to somo point nearer tho scene
of operations, where he can be In com
munication with all his Oenerals."
Buller Was Stopped.
London, Feb. 8. A special despatch
from Spearsman's Camp, dated Wed
nesday, February 7, says:
-uur luriner uuvance is nt tuo mo-
ment prevented, ns tho Boers enfilade
and Doorm Kloof. Our casualties, nl -
thougn estimated nt 250, are trifling,
considering the great Importance of
tho movement Just concluded."
Agulnaldo Huh Escaped.
Chicago, Fob. .9 A special to the
Chronicle .from Washington says:
Tho War Department believes that
Agulnaldo has escaped from the Island
ot Luzon. Tho department ofllclals '
would not be surprised to hear from
htm next as In London or Parts In com
pany with Agoncillo.
Word to Emp'oyern.
Kmnlovers of insnectors nnd nnh-ln
tho Citizens' Sanitary Committee that
all the tlmo necessary bo allowed to
enable theso men to distribute nnd
place rat poison.
DON'T PAP8 our OPERA GLASSES
for the World The)' -e mnde tiv L
Malre. "Nuff said." rt. T WICHMAN
RETURN OF SAMUEL PARKER
What He Has
to Say About
Will Say Nothing About ills Candidacy for
Governorship or Hawaii Royal Mauso
Jeum Set Apart.
Hon. Samuel Parker, who left Ha
waii some four month ago, returned In
tho Nippon Moru from San Francisco
last night. Ho was seen by n Bulletin
reporter at tho Pacific Club this fore
noon just after he had finished a round
oi handshakes with his many friends,
nnd, in answer to questions asked, gave
tho following report:
"During my absence from home 1
was In New York, Washington nnd
San Francisco. Two months of this
tlmo was spent In Washington whero
I Baw tho Queen nnd many of tho Sen
ators and Representatives nnd, of
course, had many talks with them
"Tho genernl feeling In Washington
Is that Hawaii should receive a terri
torial form of government ns soon as
possible nnd I think tho native need
havo no fear as to their treatment by
the Government of tho United States.
"I, of course, worked ns much as I
could In behalf ot Hawaii and nsked
those whom 1 knew to glvo Hawaii a
territorial form of government laid
along tho samo lines as the territories
on tho Mainland. Tho Committees
wero working hard on the bill when I
left and you may be sure there will bo
many changes In It before the final
passage. Tho friends of tho Hawallans
In Washington nnd they nro many
urn! powerful nro doing everything to
nBsurc a just nnd fair treatment of the
tlnwallans. As to oonator Morgans
position, I have nothing to suy.
"No, I really do not know tho man
Hnrtwcll and Smith aro advocating for
Cntef Justlco ot the Supremo Court.
men In Washington as far ns Hawaii's
minim uru cuiicuruvu, is luiiik uikcii up
with general measures and no Individ
uals for 11rlous offices nro being tren
tloncd. "What about myself ns n enndidato
.or tho Governoishlp of Hawaii?
That Is 11 question I would rather say
nothing nbout, one way or tho other,
but hero Is n telegram received from
Senator Clark tho day beforo I left
San Francisco which gives the news of
tho passago of n resolution In Washing
' "J" "","i2 ."?;
leimi nnd grounds for the exclusive uso
of the royal family of Hawaii and ex
cluding It from tho government lands
.0 bo taken over by tho United States.
You see by this that tho men In Wash
ington nro doing their best to seo that
tho Hawallans arc given everything
that they, as tho natives of tho coun
try, should have."
It will be remembered that this reso
lution referred to by Mr. Parker, was
mentioned exclusively In the Bulletin
at the time ot its Introduction.
ATTORNEY GEAR SATISFIED
George D. Gear, who went to Wash
ington some months ago in connection
with local constitutional questions, ar
rived this morning in tho Nippon
Maru. When asked as to the situation
in Washington Mr. Gear spoke hope
fully of tho prospects ot Hawaii's gen
eral Interests beforo Congress.
"The legal matters connected with
my mission," remarked Mr. Gear, "are
receiving careful attention and I have
no reason to anticipate disappointment
in tho outcome. You havo probably
1 ,, u ,.h"1".....,' "..,l ."..-" "J
I Ulll ftlVIUfe Ulll JUUvO IIIU IGUUIU Ul
ofUco was very promptly squelched
when the matter camo up tor serious
consideration. Cullom, Clark nnd Httt
are doing splendid work tor Hawaii.
1 "Hartwell? Why, Hartwcll wants to
come 'homo. I know this to be a fact,
tirnvlclfld tin mpnriH what tin nnvii. Thn
.prominent men In Washington under-
stand his position perfectly, nnd won-
aer why ho was sent. Yes, Mr. Hart -
well is devoting not a little ot his
. nolltlcal interests. I know whereof I
speak. Owing to the personal work i
that Is being done, I think this coun
try's Interests would be best served by
the whole combination coming homo,
and leaving the situation In the hands
ot our Congressional friends. They ,
Irnnnf ttio. al iinHrin hart anrl Irtinw Knar 1
W7fiht.nern0mP,,Sh PrmPt rC8UU8
"I nm very popsltlvo that American
interests in Hawaii will be properly
cared for, without special favors to
any particular faction. Hawaii wilt bo
given a thoroughly American govern
ment In every respect."
1 In n communication received by tho
Board of Health from the Citizens'
banltary Committee late yesterday nf
,n...l l,n n,n,ln fnr thn Mpnnln
out or the Kewalo ditch, tho condition
of which Is fast bocomlng unbearable
This will be consldrcd nt the meeting
Ltioerui imncsc Kclormcrs
The Honolulu society of the
China reform leapue has alreidy
ftoococ llected here in the treas
ury. One man subscribes $2500.
anJ a woman $500. One of the
most Intelligent Chines- In the c ty
Slid to a Bulletin remitter: "The
L money will do no good. Suppose
2 It was a million dollar, how far
would It go In a revolution. An
army ol ico.coa rren would n't be
too great. What would t cost to
arm so many, and how much a day
to keep them." The speaker doubt
d the newsof the Queen Dowager's
1 reactionary doings, resulting in the
j closing of the Peking Universltx,
Ij saying, "It Is only rumoi."
THREE GHINrM CLAIMS
J. T. Do Bolt, nttorncy, has filed tho
following three lire claims in tho Ju
Tho firm of Kai Tin presents a bill
for J2.3tili.7G, of which $900 is for a 12
room two-story framo building, the
remainder for household chattels and
merchandise "all totally destroyed by
flro wrongfully permitted" by tho Re
public's "agents, namely, tho Board of
Health, to extend thereto from tho de
struction by flro of the Chlncso new
theater on Knmakcla street.
Tho firm of Sun Hop Sing claims,
with similar language, an amount of.
S1C59.C0, of wnlch $900 Is for ono framo '
building, tho remainder for household
chattels nnd merchandise.
Chow Leo claims $1803.30, In like
terms with tho preceding two claim
ants, his building being valued at $700.
Theso thrco claims, tho first of Chi
nese losers to Ue Judicially filed, aggrc
MR DOLE GETS AUTHORITY
President Dolo received tho follow
ing dispatch In tho Nippon Maru mail,
which he regards as highly Important:
"Washington, D. C, Feb. 9, 1900.
"President Snnford B. Dolo, Honolu
lu. Tho President approves you ap
pointing flvo persons to take evidence
of losses caused by tho burning of Chl
nntown In Honolulu, nnd to make
awards or judgments on such losses to
bo paid out of appropriation mado by
tho Hawaiian Council of State In con
formity with Hawaiian laws.
" JOHN HAY."
This Is an answer to President Dolo's
request that President McKlnlcy np
polnt a Court of Claims In connection
with plnguo suppression fires, it gives
President Dolo himself tho nuthorlty to
appoint such a court or commission.
Tho Executive has not as yet taken ac
tion on the matter.
Channel Wharf Committee.
There was a meeting this morning of
the Camber of Commorco committee
of seven shipping companies and firms
to direct the Channel quarantine wharf
and warehouse. F. M. Swanzy ot T.
H. Davles & Co., Ltd., was elected
chairman; J. P. Cooke of Alexander ft
Baldwin, secretary, and Job. B. Ather
ton ot Castle & Cooke, Ltd., treasurer;
Tho meeting then adjourned until to
morrow on account of tho departure of
the mail for San Francisco.
Larceny In Second Degree.
In the Pol I co Court yesterday af
ternoon Tashl and Fukuda were sen
tenced to thrco months' imprisonment
at hard labor, having been found
guilty of stealing certain Bilvcr and
Jewelry from John EfQngcr'8 homo.
WEDDING STATIONERY. Engraved
H. F. WICHMAN.
-1 a j- IF-pP-ivffl
'f, -,-. i..n vt
UlC VCrV till II IJ
Tf CTlnrlrin HlP
hearts of the
The most acceptable Xmas gift
ded In the 7000 pairs r I
hoe hist op-n-l 'X UStrallJ
s s Jftiictmli . ,, A
how premier piarMorfeiutr
Shoe Co .
j v;AJfe.N.As!iJdA.loMft'iiiiBi ..,.-a.
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