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Hawaii's Popular Sea Captains !
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Vol. VIII. No. 1458
12 PAGES HONOLULU, H. I., SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 17. UHH 12 PAGES
PhI k n ( knt
CaMtoj.lt tali?! H )
CLARK AND HAWAII LANDS
Suitor Iaterviewed by the Bulletto's
Ittleres Cown!ulon Should B Sn( to Btwill
Cwgretsmu iondell App'ired Before
Commlttee-Outlo k (or Hiwai1.
Woshi.igton, D. C, Jan. 27. Senator
Clarence D. Clark of Wyoming, when
asked hlB views, by tho Bulletin
representative, of tho pending legisla
tion before Congress to provide a form
ot Territorial government for Hawaii,
said be believed the Cullom bill would
bo adopted in the Sennte with some
(cw amendments. The House bill will
be materially amended and the final
measure will be tno product of the
conference committee of the two
"Perhaps the most difficult problem
to deal with In framing laws for Ha
waii," said Senator Clark, "is tho land
question, which, in fact, Is n difficult
one In our own country. Tho present
Hawaiian system is modeled after the
New Zealand, and whllo the object of
tho law Is the protection of small hold
ers, tho practical workings are not al
"There is a wido divergence between
tho effect of the Hawaiian land laws
and of our home laws on land dispo
sition. Tho effect in Hawaii is to make,
the lands profitable to tho government;
hero the government seeks to derive
no direct profit, but strive to secure
the settlement and cultivation of tho
land and be ultimately benefitted by
tho consequent growth of tho country.
"The land laws of the United States
cannot, In my Judgment, bo extended
. to Hawaii. Ono reason is the varying
values of Hawaiian lands. The high
lands aro almost worthless, -while
other lands aro very, very valuable,
this is notably truo of considerable
areas on which leases will soon expire. '
"If should bo carefully considered
as to whether some system cannot bo
devised whereby tho public lauds may
bo parcelled out to small owners. Be
foro the question is definitely settled
a commission should bo appointed to
Investigate the wholo matter, view tho
lands, nnd ascertain fully the opera
tions of tho working of tho present
laws. I do not agree with that clause
ot the Senate bill which provides that
tho lands shalll be under control of the
.Secretary of Agriculture. They should
bo under tho control of tho Secretary
of tho Interior In whoso department Is
all the machinery necessary for tho
operation of land admlnlstiatlon.
"Tho Hawaiian land system should
hnvo two objects. First: The nssur
anco to small owners of fou simple ti
tlo to sufficient land to ensure a liveli
hood. Second: To guard sugar and
other great interests so that their In
dustries shall not bo ruined by up
heaval of tho land system. If condi
tions were such that sugar could be
produced by small growers nud the
product be taken care of by custom
mills tho difficulties of providing suit
able land legislation would bo much
less than they are now. Out conditions
are not favorable to small ownership
at present although it may be the ulti
mate outcome of tho sugar growing
business. Such a system would in
crease the price o production per ton
but Its corresponding good effects
mlgnt equalize this.
"With the land question nud tho la
bor question settled equitably, and a
siable government assured, as it al
ready Is, one can hardly place a limit
to the possibilities of Hawall I be
lieve It Is now, the richest country for
Us size and population on the face of
earth and Its possibilities for further
Increase are marvellous."
The House Committee on Territories,
which Is considering tho House bill
providing a form of government for
Hawaii, invited Hon. Frank W. Mon
dell, representative from Wyoming, to
address the Committee this morning In
relation to the form of land legisla
tion most suitable for tho Islands. Mr.
Mondell Is peculiarly fitted to aid the
Committee, having been assistant
commlslsoner of the General Land
Office several years and naving visited
Hawaii recently, during nls visit mak
ing special Inquiries as to land matters.
Mr. Mondell advised tho committee
la place the management of Hawaiian
lands with the people ot the Islands.
The homestead laws of tho United
States are not applicable to tho land
conditions existing In Hawaii and any
effort to extend them will meet with
failure. The lands are too valuable to
be opened' to settlement under the con
ditions of our homestead laws.
"It would bo about the samo as al
lowing someone to" file a homestead
on tho Lafayette Square grounds In
the city of Washington, r.R to allow
a homestead filing upon some of the
public lands In Hawaii," said Mr. Mon
dell, In Illustration of tho value of
some of tne Hawaiian acreage.
Mr. Mondell contended that tho gov
ernment Bhouid obtain as great a reve
nue either from rental or sale of lands,
as possible, for the funds are needed
tor education, which Is tho greatest
need, in order to perfectly assimlilate
all tho various peoples cf tho Islands
Into American citizens. Tho General
Land Offico of the United States, Mr.
Mondcll contended, should not be given
the administration of Hawaiian land.
The great distance between Washing
ton nnd Hawaii makes administration
hero Impracticable. A lain) contest
sometimes requires tho transmission
of tuo papers In the caso fifty tines
between tho local land office and the
Ocncral Land Office, and If this had to
bo dono in Hawaiian land matters ha
parties to half of the cases would bo
In their graves before a settlement
could bo reached. The people of the
Islands are capable of managing their
land matters 'far better thun any citi
zen of the United States, who cm not,
unless he has spent much tlmo on the
Islands and made a special study of
land conditions there, have, tho slight
est possible 'conception of the require
ments of tho p'eoplo in land matters.
The members of tho Hons'i Commit
tee showed great interest in Mr. lon
dell'8 presentation of tho mitter nnd
his views will undoubtedly have much
weight with them in the action they
take on the bill.
SLAPPED FACE, NO GUARDS.
A dlfflcui.y occurred at tho Kallhi
detention camp yesterday, resulting Jn
the withdrawal ot tho National Guard
detail on civilian guards duty. .,',
It Is understood that a fire, was built
very close to one of the camp houses
by one of the military guards yester
day morning, who, upon being remon
strated 'with by Mr. Hcmcnway, re
fused to put out tho fire. This led to
the withdrawal of tho guards.
A reporter hunted, down the simple
facts to theso! There was a misunder
standing between Superintendent Mc
Veigh and Corporal Storey ot tho do
tall. Tho superintendent of tho camp
slapped tho corporal's face. Thinking
that Mr. McVeigh went too far, tho N.
G. H. men retired in a body.
Colonel Jones declined to talk about
tho matter, for two reasons. First, the
men were not on military duty, hence
not under his control. Second, he con
siders Mr. AicVclch a cood man for
the position he now holds.
Some of the men reported at head
quarters that they wished It known
their retirement was not duo to mis
conduct on their part.
As stated In yesterday's Bulletin all
tho men who went out to the relief of
tho drifting ship Inverness-shire got
aboard that vessel without trouble.
Tho pilot boat with Captain Sanders
and his crow wcro towed in by the Sur
prise last night. Captain Sanders spoke
this vessel whllo aboard tho Inverness-
The story In another afternoon pa
per telling ot tho drifting to sea ot
Captain Evans' boat was entirely er
roneous and frightened Mrs. Evans and
her little children very badly.
The tug Eleu has gono to tho rescue
of the Invcrness-shlre.
Water Struck at Kallhi.
At a depth of C20 feet a copious flow
of water has been struck at tho Kallhi
detention camp by McCandless Broth
ers. It flows 23 Inches above the pipe
and tho stream from the well flows
over the new road leading to the camp,
making a pond on each side ot the
highway. Minister Young was out to
seo tho strike this morning and is high
Court on Monday.
Indictments will bo presented at tho
adjourned session of the Circuit
Court In February term on Monday
morning. Defendants out on bail and
attorneys in criminal coses will consult
their own Interests by attending. As
there will be no Jury trials during the
week, Jurors are not required to at
tend. So says Deputy Attorney Gen
eral E. P. ole.
Inspectors Are Pleased.
The Custom House officers aro more
than pleased over tho appointment of
Captain Campbell as quarantine officer
on tho water front. They find him
thoroughly conversant with tho duties
of a revenue officer and have absolute
ly no friction whatever.
The C-A. 8. S. Mlowera, Hemming
commander, arrived in port at an early
hour tbls morning and hauled along
side the Pacific Mail wharf to discharge
her cargo of general merchandise. She
sailed from Vancouver on the 9th Inst.,
and had an uneventful trip. Two cabin
passengers were brought for Honolulu.
King Street Bridge.
The new Haaliiiamanu bridge on
King street was so far completed by
yesterday afternoon that people "and
vehicles were allowed to pass over on
it. All that remains to be done now la
tho putting up of the strong sides that had correctly stated tho amount sub
wlll be required. The tramcar trucks scribed to the association treasury as
have been laid and both approaches
aro being put In flno condition.
Tomorrow, scxagcslma Sunday, reli
gious service as usual. Mass and roB
ary, 11 a. m., at the Catholic church ot
the Sacred Heart, Marquesvllie, Puna
hou, and on every fourth Sunday.
SUGAR MAY BE SHIPPED
Portognese Mill at Hllo the Only
Sufferer Thus Far.
Coisnl Hijwood Talks of His Trlp-Bmll
ud Mini PlAntiUlons Possibilities of Id
fecllon QmranllDlDg Mills.
Consul General Haywood was asked
if there were any truth in a report from
Hllo that he had forbidden tho ship
ment of sugar from the island of Ha
waii. Mr. 'Haywood .replied:
"Nothing of the kind. Quito the
contrary. Dr. Carmlchael is simply de
lighted with tho facilities for shipping
sugar. We got there about 8 o'clock in
the morning and, after examining the
location of the house where tho wo
man died 'and her husband's storo we
had to decide tho Portuguese planta
tion mill within tho Infected district.
This mill Is right In tho heart of'HIIo.
The houso is right back of the mill.
There Is no way for that plantation to
be held uninfected if more cases break
'f M V a nnan t9 nil nttiifi nlnntntlnna
the sugar Is shipped directly from the
plantation In lighters. I gave Mr. Fur
ncaux, the consular agent, instructions
that none ot the Portuguese sugar
should go Into tho bark Andrew Welch,
unless by next Wednesday no case
breaks out. If no additional cbbcs ap
pear by that time, wo have no objec
tion to their sugar going.
"If there should be a continuation
of tho plaguo tho Portugucso mill will
bavo to shut aown until it Is over, or
adopt some means of quarantlno other
than they told us they could do,
"So far as Hawaii sugar Is concern
ed, If the troublo is confined to tho city
of Hllo there never will bo any
difficulty In shipping.
"At Kahulul, Maul, unless thero be
some serious outbreak, we aro satis
fied with the precautions they have
taken for keeping sugar clean, and if it
should get so bad thnt these precau
tions nro not considered effective, then
the sugar can be sent to Klhel.
"Wo had nn awful rough trip. I
slept on a mattress on the deck becnuso
I would not trust myself to a bunk,
and bags and parcels wcro tumbling all
"As near as I could find out thero
was absolutely no truth In tho shotgun
story from Hllo thnt they would kill
anybody who would land from Hono
lulu. I do not think thero was any
truth In It, that any respectablo people
had any such Idea. Our landing, was
effected without any trouble what
ever." Mr. Haywood, being asked about tho
degrco of danger from sugar directly
out of a mill even It plaguo appeared
on tho plantation furnishing the cane
for grinding, replied:
"I consider the danger would bo
mostly from sugar bags. My opinion Is
now that, If an Infected plantation dearer, coupled with tho finding of
would put a fence around the mill nnd bacilli that looked for all tho world
absolutely quarantine It, It would bece tU080 0( bubonic plague, warrants
perfectly safe to ship the sugar. The , us in pronouncing Mrs. Serrao's a most
mill being entirely cut off from the
plantation and no direct communica
tion therefrom allowed with the sugar,
durlngorafter manufacturo.the process
of making sugar would kill any germs
that might be in the cane."
In answer to a question about quar
antine of Infected ports generally, Mr.
Haywood said the United States regu
lations prescribed a continuation of
quarantine precautions for thirty days
after the utter disappearance of plague
NO r REVOLUTIONARY.
C. Yaknam spoke to a Bullotln repor
ter this morning about tho information
published In this paper yesterday re
garding the local Chlneso reformers. He
named certain countrymen in guessing
at the Uulletln's informant, saying
that they woro associated with tho
Chlneso consul in oDDOsltlon to the re
formers. When told that well-regu-
lated newspapers never gave away tho
sources of their Information without
conlsent ot tho Informants.Mr. Yaknam
proceeded to say:
"The society here was formed be
fore tho arrival ot Leung Tst Cho. It
is a branch of the Chinese Empire Re
form Association. There is nothing re
volutionary In the objects ot the asso
ciation, as your Informant would try
to Insinuate. It is simply to support
the claims to the throne of the 'legiti
"There are societies of the Reform
Association in all tho Chlneso colonies,
north and south as well as cast and
"It is not true that ono man sub
scribed $2,500 and a woman $500 In
Mr. Yaknam was asked If this paper
$10,000. Ho answered that no member
was at liberty to divulge such details,
therefore he would decline to aftlrm or
deny the statement.
DON'T PAP8 our OPERA OLABSE
for the World They "e mnde by L
'Malre. "Nutf ald." tv. T WICHMAN
DR, WOOD FROM HILO
Tells or Result ot iDTesilgatlons Id
Mrs. Scmo's Cue Most Suspicions - Prob
able Source of Infection Found -Store
ud Bouse Ordered Burntd.
2 p. m. No cases today.
This Is tho eleventh day since
tho appcaranco of tho last case
and many feel confident that
Honolulu has Been its Inst case
At a special meeting of the Doard of
Health this forenoon thero were pres
ent tho following: President Wood
who returned In the Iroquois last night,
Dr. Day, F. M. Hatch nnd Geo. W.
President Wood launched forth on
tho Incidents ot his trip Immediately
he had called tho meeting to order.
Following Is what Dr. Wood said, In
"Wo had a fine trip to Hllo In the
Iroquois. It was really very much like
a yachting cruise. The story of the
return trip Is otherwise, the Btorm
having struck us.
"Upon arrival In Hllo Wednesday
I went nshorc in n boat, was landed on
the wharf and rodo uptown In a hack"!
I saw neither shotguns, rocks nor hot
water and was uccorded a very cordial
"My first work was, of course, to
find out all the particulars In regard to
Mrs.oSerrao'n. case. I looked at the
store and tho house In which tho wo
man died,, afterwards getting what I
could out of tho husband and the doc-
I tors. The jymptoras were decidedly
suspicious, i no nusuanu gave ins tes
timony very reluctantly and I did not
place a great deal of confidence In what
"I learned from him thnt ultf wlfo
took sick January 25. She had head
aches and' probably, fever. On tho
2Cth, Dr. nico was sent for. Although
thero was n b.ibo present in tho femu-'
ral region at that time, It was not
pointed out to tho physician nnd ho
did not see It until the 20th. The hus
band claimed tho swelling was caused
by the heavy lifting In connection with
tho work' of tho store.
'Tho swelling in the neck appeared
February 1. Another physician was
immediately called In and the place
quarantined. There Is posltlvo evi
dence ot a largo femoral bubo. I do
not know anything about tho tempera
ture of tho woman but from what I
learned, she had undoubted mental dis
turbances early In her sickness. Her
condition was apathetic. After close
questioning I learned that sho was in
tho habit of lying tfn tho side of the
swellings. Tho. facts that her early
condition was apathetic nnd that, as
, tho bubos developed her mind becamo
suspicious case. Ot course wo cannot
state positively that It was plague.
"My Instructions to the Hllo people
were to treat' the case exactly as It it
had been a case of plague and I, there
fore, ordered both the store and the
house destroyed by Are.
"I could give no evldcnco whatever
as to tho source of Infection. Mr. Ser
rao had nothing but European and
American merchandise In his store. He
told me that he did not rely on Hono
lulu for his supplies but got these di
rect from San Francisco.
"Finding no possible sourco of In
fection from the house I looked about
for some other possmlo source. I
found that running through tho city
is what Is known as tho Hllo sower
which Is nothing more than a ditch a
short distance mauka of the city. This
first becomes a sower at tho hotel. Its
mouth Is directly under the back part
ot the store. The land Is sloping and
the placo is walled up
The sewer has
a broad opening ana from this tho filth
spreads out on the beach. 1 his Is bad
enough but what makes It worso Is
tho fact that the Serrao's had a stablo
right next to the sewer mouth and I
learned that Mrs. 8errao was in tho
habit ot going down to this placo bare
footed to attend to the horse or hitch
up tho wagon. This then Is a possible
source of Infection.
"I followed the sewer above the ho
tel and found one house in which Chi
nese wero employed, tho kitchen of
which was Immediately over the sew
er. Although the sanitary committee
of Hllo had ordered people to desist
from throwing refuse Into the stream I
found fresh garbage and cans of Chl
neso and Japanese origin. Evidently
this was some ot the stuff shipped from I
Honolulu before tho outbreak ot the I company will show in a fine minstrel
plague. .and variety program. Slgnor Anton!
"Now then, some ot this very prob-l Perry will again exhibit somo wonder
ably floated down to tho mouth and I ful feats of strength, while Messrs.
wns eaten by rats which communicated I Rogers, Hockwell and tho Misses Li
tho Infection to the ground or tho
Serrao store. This Is tho only evidence
I could get.
"I saw tho husband, the two children
nnd tho Portuguese woman who at
tendod Mrs. Serrao. They wero living
in the house In which Mrs. Scrrao liv
ed and i had them placed In a clean
place of quarantlno.
"Mrs. Serrao's case stands alone
There wcro no Busplclous cases up tc
the time we left. I learned positively
that the rumor that Mrs. Scrrao baa
a miscarrlago Is entirely without foun
Dr. Wood stated that Consul Oeneral
Haywood and Dr. .Carmlchael went up
to sec about tho matter of shipping
should Hllo be declared an infected
port. It was found that Hllo would
not bo needed, as a port. Both Waia
Kta and Walnaku wcro particularly
well suited for the shipment of sugar
Dr. Wood further reported the ap
pointment by him of Mr. Zumwalt as
Board of Health quarantlno officer at
Kahulul. This action was approved by
Continuing on Maul affairs. Dr.
Wood Bald: "I found everything In
Kahulul in a most promising state.
Dr. Garvin had taken hold of matters
and had none most excellent work.
Close watch is being kept over the
plnce. Tho day we arrived the body
of e Japnnpcso from tho mountains
about twenty miles nway, was brought
In for post mortem examination. De
ceased was n r"Piwny from Sprcckels
vlllo nnd no doubt died of starvation.
The boy brought In with him was also
In a starving condition. This serves
to show how well the people nro work
ing. "Thero were about 200 people In the
race track camp and I left Mr. Atkin
son there to superintend matters. Not
another suspicious caso had made Its
Dr. Wood reported that Dr. Grace
had been brought to Honolulu from
Hllo to study the plague. It was to b;
hoped that ho would havo no oppor
tunity to sec a case. He would study
the plngue bacilli under tho microscope
and mnko a round of the camps so as
to lie prepared In tho event of n fur
ther nppeparanco of the plague In Hllo.
Dr. Wood suggested that It might be
a good scheme to get a physician from
Kauai to come toHonolulu for the
samo purpose. Maul need not send a
man as Dr. Gnrvin Is there and
oral of tho doctors ot that island have
seen a post mortem on tho body ot one
Dr. Wood Tim Hllo people say they
have been misrepresented.
Mr. Smith I bcllevo that is n fact.
It Is only a certain Irresponsible cle
ment In Hllo thnt has been causing all
Minister Cooper That Is exactly the
trouble. Tho better clement has al
lowed the other element to run things.
Mr. Hntch I think Hllo needs n
Dr. Wood A certain pnrt of Hllo Is
In a favorable condition for tho plague
to gain a foothold, it is too crowded
and thero Is no means of getting rid of
tho waste. I havo asked tho Hllo peo
ple to carry on nn inspection similar
to that of Honolulu.
Mr. Hatch Hllo should havo n gar
The action of Dr. Wood in Instruct
ing the sheriff to destroy the Scrrao
store and house wns ratified.
Dr. Wood stated that he had given
tho'thrce agents of the Board of Health
in Hilo, C. C. Kennedy, R. A. Lyman
and Dr. Moore, authority to take such
action as they should deem necessary
and Instructed them that anything
done by them would be approved by
the Board of Health. This action was
approved; Dr, Wood stated -further,
that these men were competent and
such authority could be left with them
Dr. Wood also stated that he had or
dered tho Hllo sewer disinfected by
means of sulphuric acid.
Adjourned until Monday.
Hllo Fears the Fire.
Hllo, Feb, IS. Thinks are extremely
quiet here. The officers and medicos
came ashore without the slightest
difficulty, much to tho surprise of Hay
wood, who anticipated trouble.
Small gatherings may be seen In the
vicinity of the Serrao store which is
the center ot attraction.
Andrews' pian seems now to hnve
been tho best. Look at Maul for the
iv occiua nituuov iiutjfVNtuiu im w-
Hove that our undisciplined fire com
pany can keep other buildings from
going when this Are starts. Serrao's
store Is directly across the street from
the Postofflce on the beach side and
there Is an unbroken block for sev
eral hundred feet, tuen a 40-foot open
ing and an unbroken stretch for three
quarters ot a mile.
If tho wind is directly off the land
It may be safe, but It is doubtful.
Chinese merchants are depositing
coin In the First American Bank of
Hawaii here In case of extension ot fire
to their stores.
Tonight tho Orpheum vaudeville
icester. Dixon, Leckley and others will
contribute lyrical selections.
WEDDINO STATIONERY, Engravet'
H. F. WICHMAN.
THK MOST POPULAR CAP i A1N
Lt.tle CbiDfje Id Standing of Con
testants This Wetk.
CapUIn Slmerson Still Id tie Lead fits
t Good Majority Captain Frown
Conns Up to Fifth. Place.
Captain Slmerson 148a
' Clarke 1145
" Pederacn 444
" Freeman 200
" Tullett 1O7
" Samson 8
" Thompson 7
No change this week in the order
of trie leading contestants. I he
standing of ihe contest up to Friday
-eb. 17 is given above. Captain
Freeman has jumped into filtn place
on the list.
The prize that will be given to
success ul contestant for tne honor
of being the most popular of our
nter-islnnd captains is most appro
priate and one Wfll worth striving
for. A pair of the finest binoc l.irs
that can be obtained in Honolulu
vll be his reward. They are uir
nlshed by H F. Wichman, which is
.1 guarantee of tluir e.Ccllence and
may be seen at any time on dis
play in his store.
The friends of the various con
testants should keep well in mind
the opportunity to place their favor
ites in the lead by bringing tn new
sov-lsubscrib rs to the Bulletin. ' At
tathed to ea;h receipt given to new
Mibsuibers is a coupon entitling the
h Id r to ci st a bloc of votes for
lit Most I ipular C,itain. The
.lumber ol tes is determined by
the length 0. the subscription, as
I Month 40 Votes
3 Months I5i) Vote
6 Atonths 351) Votes
I Year 75D Votes
Is Not Mln&uc.
Tho guards were removed from the
suspected Magounvllie houso this
morning and the doctors havo made
tho statement that tho sick cuiid
found there and kept under strict sur
veillance, is not n victim of tho plague.
If tomorrow passes by without a sus
picious caso Honolulu will certainly
Kaala, male Hawaiian, aged 18, con
sumption, Kallhi, Feb. 16.
Kauhane, malo Hawaiian, aged 69,
paralysis, Punchbowl street, mauka
of Queen street, Feb. 1G.
Furlshlo, male Japanese, aged 20,
typbo malarial, drill shed camp, Feb.
This Morning's Fire.
The remainder of the stables on the
Pantheon premises and the Phillip
plumbing suop were burned by the fire
department this forenoon. A couple
of lines ot hose were devoted entirely
to the protection ot tho bakery adjoin
ing. A Lei Broken.
One of the sailors ot the Caesar
had his leg broken by the falling of a
coal tub while assisting In the work
ot discharging at tho railroad wharf
this morning. Ho was removed to the
nfrn'q ifr.tnl 'n th notrnl winon.
I Just received
the very thing
to gladden the
hearts of the
The most acceptable Xmas gift
your wives, sMers or dauehtrr ' a pa
6f our BEADhD STRAP SLIPPY S
n- '..: Urd In the 7000 pairs of
hoesUw np-n-u ex S. S. 'ustralu and
hold premier place Th hcm.
L-Li-ji - Jbu- )i- j