Newspaper Page Text
THE EVENING BULLETIN: HONOLULU. H. 1.. BATURPAY, APRIL 21. ISIIHI.
jj ' r ,-raiwr,
Hawaii Bill Passed m
With Many Amendments m
i wasningion, April i. mu uuuu
1 did not finish tUo bill to provldo ter
ritorial novernmont for Hawaii todny.
... a f. l.1 IT........
When tho hour fixed for taking a vote,
4 o'clock, arrived, loss than hall the bill
had been covered, and so many amend
ments remained that It was agreed to
continue the consideration of tho bill
under tho flve-mlnuto rulo until It was
finished. Several important amend
ments were agreed to today, among
them tho following: To nullify all
labor contracts In tho Islands; to ex
tend the alien contract laws to the Isl
ands; to prohibit tho salo of Intoxicat
ing liquors in saloons; to limit tho land
holdings of corporations to 1,000 acres,
and to substltuto for tho IIoubo pro
vision relating to Uir appointment of
Judges and other officers of tho Island
for tho Senate provision. The Uouso
provision lodged tho appointing power
in the Governor; tho St'imto placed In
In tho President.
Do Armond of MUmimii! moved to
Fitriko from Section fi, extending the
Constitution and all laws of tho Unit
ed States locally applicable to the lsl
nnds, tho words "tho Constitution nnd."
Tho amendment win In lino with Dc
Armond'a speech of Tuesday, In which
ho argued that tho Constitution al
ready extended ovor tho Islands, nnd
that If It did not, Congress was power
less to project It thorn.
Knox opposcil tlir nmuudnu-nt,
which, ho said, raised th cwholo ques
tion as to tho extension of the Con
stitution, on which tin llousn was di
vided. Tho amendment wi t lost- -73 to 87.
When Section 10, which enforces the
obligation of contract i in Hawaii, was
reached, Knox, chnlrmn-.i of thu cotn
rnlttco, offered tho following amend
ment to bo added to tho section:
"Provided, That no suit or proceed
ings shall bo maintained for the speci
fic performance of any contract hcie
toforo or hereafter entered Into for
personal labor or service, nor shall any
remedy exist or bo cufoiced for broach
of any such contract, except In it civil
unit or proceeding Instituted solely to
recover dnmnges for such breach.
"Provided, further, that the provi
sions of this fscctlou himll not apply to
Tho nmciulmcnt, lie explained, was
designed to prevent the criminal prose
cution of contract laborers who vio
lated their contracts.
Tho amendment was adopted 10 to
Itoblnson of Indium ulTeied an
amendment to nullify nil labor con
tracts made slnco thu dalo of annexa
tion, provided that herouttci no law
should bo udopted to enforce them..
Adopted 45 to 42.
Hltt of Illinois statod that Section
of tho bill, which extended tho laws
of tho United States to Hawaii, cover
ed tho wholo subject, nnd that by tho
terms of tho Act of 187:; It terminated
nil contracts with Chines) or Orientals.
Another amendment was udopted
specifically extending tho provisions of
tho alien contract Inlm. law to tho Isl
ands. Glllott of Massachusetts offered an
amendment to prohibit the sale of in
toxicating Uqours In saloons In Ha
waii. Thn amendment would not pro
hibit tho Halo of llquo. ill hotels, ho
said, but It would prevent the sale In
tho saloons where, men gathered..
Knox opposed tho amendment. He
thought tho Riibject ought to bo left to
the Legislature of tha Islnudo .
Fitzgerald of Massachusetts tool; Die
B.i mo position. Sucli a law, ho Mild,
would bo a farco. Public opinion did
not sustnin prohibition. Tho prohibi
tion law was n dead lotter In Maine,
Minefield of Maine challenged l-'Ilz-Kcrnld
to plnco his linger on a Hint or
place where liquor was sold openly In
saloons in Maine.
Fitzgerald said It was bold eveiy
whero, nnd finally compelled Mine
field to admit that tt could be "procur
ed" nt almost nny piano.
Proceeding, Mttlcflold said it was the
policy of tho civilized world to pio
hlblt tho sale of Intoxicating Illinois
among uncivilized people If tho Anglo-Saxon
raco was In control ho would
not favor tho amendment, but as It
was not, bo thought tho amendment
should bo adopted.
Foley of South Carollm, bald (line
wcro physiological i Miaous why it
would bo well to prohibit the salo of
liquor In tho Islands.
Ilerry of Kentucky opposed the
amendment on thu ground that it was
tho universal cxperlcneo that tho moro
stringent tho liquor laws tho worso tho
liquor and tho moro It would bo drank.
Tho amendment wne adopted U0 to
Nowlauds of Novudti offered an
nmciulmcnt, which wna ndopted. to
limit tlm liolillntr of real estate by n
single corporation to 1,00'J ncrt's. tlie
provision not to, however, Interfero
with oxIstliiK holdings.
Whlto of North C.itollnn, tho colored
member, offered an iimendinent, which
wnH lout, to strlko front tho flun.llllea
tlona of voters for Ueprcavntutlvca the
provision rce,ulriug tho payiuent of a
WllllainS OI ainasacnilKHllH. IllieiCll
an nracndnieut rcaulrliu; the payment
of tho poll tax nlno months prior to
tho election. Ho said it was tho tint-
vernal experience of Stales havins tt
poll tax law that whcio It could ho
paid just heforo tho election, it ho-
camo a means of corrupting rotors.
Tho amendment provoked u heated
discussion, in which Uro.ivenor of Ohio,
Underwood of Alabama, Llnney of
North Carolina and Whlto of North
Carolina participated. .
It was lost CD to 82. .
I)y this time tho hour for voting, 4
o'clock wits close at hand. Almost
twenty-five pages of the bill remained
to bo read, and thcro was n scramble
to got amendments rushed through by
unanimous consent. The requests all
met objections, and resulted in a
tangle which was straightened out by
unanimous consent that the House
finish tho consideration of tho bill un
der the flvo-mlnuto rule.
Pugh of Kentucky moved to sttlke
out tho provisions requiring that vot
ers should bo ablo to speak, read and
wrlto tho English or Hawaiian lan
guage. It was lost
Underwood of Alabama taunted the
Republicans with their inconsistency
In recognizing tho necessity for white
man rule In Hawaii in the pending bill,
whllo denouncing at 3 very opportunity
tho election laws of some of tho
Southern States, which were designed
to prevent the participation In elections
of tho ignorant nnd worthless.
On motion of Shafroth of Colorado,
tho Senate provision lodging the ap
pointment of the Judges and other olll
cers In tho President instead of tho
Governor, was substituted for the
Without finishing ths bill, the House,
nt G:20 p. m., adjourned. .
Washington, April 0. The House,
after four days of debate today pawed
tho substitute for the Senate bill pro
viding for a territorial form of gov
ernment for Hawaii. Tho bill now goes
to conference. Th) most interesting
featuro of tho day's proceedings was
the attempt of Hill of Connecticut, to
secure tho ndoptlon of two amend
ments, one providing for a resident
commissioner Instead of a delegate In
Congress and the other declaring that
nothing in the Act should be Interpret
ed as a pled go of KUtchood. Doth
wcro overwhelmingly defeated.
An amendment offered by Newlands
of Nevada was ngreed to directing tho
Surveyor General to report to tho De
partment of Labor annually the num
ber of holders of land of loss than 100
The section giving tho Legislature' of
Hawaii power to impeach tho Judges of
tho several courts will stricken out.
Hill of Connecticut offered an
amendment giving Hawaii a resident
commissioner In Congress. Hill op
posed anything that hinted at the pos
slblo formation of u future State o.it
of tho Islands. II) said there wcro
few members of Congresj who looked i
forward to tho admission of Hawaii as
a State. He had voted for annexation J
under the distinct Impression that '
nothing of tho kind would ever be
contemplated. Yet hero Hawaii was
blossoming into a full-fledged Terri
"DoeH the gentleman believe In taxa
tion without representation " asked
Fitzgerald of Massachusetts. j
"There are only 100,000 people in I
Hawaii," replied Hill. "1 believe I
WnshlngtoD Is the be. governed city !
on earth," he said. Proceeding, Hill
said ho did not bellovo the people nf ,
tho United States were prepared to take
the first step townrl Statehood of our
Insular possessions. It was but a step
from a Territory to a State and pres
ent exigencies nt nny time, might in
duce the dominant party to admit the
Territory. He would not voto to placo
u delegate from anywhere on tho lloor
of the House who was not elected by a
constituency which knew what It was
Hltt of Illinois, a member of thu Ha
waiian Commission,, opposed tho
amendment. Ho said It was desirable,
In legislating for the islands, that
there should bo n delegate on the floor
who could bo questioned. If there was
no delegate the corridors would bo '
crowded with lobbyists representing (
special Interests. Everybody know ,
what a lobbyist wan. Whether he
wns an ex-Governor, nn ex-Senator, an ,
ex-Justlee of tho Suprema Court or a
common hireling In Washington, ho
represented special Interests. Hltt re
called that tho Minister.-) from Hawaii
In tho past Carter, Thurston, Hatch '
and Hastings were nil honornblo men, '
who had the pilvllege of the floor, hut
"Thu gentleman lias had broad cx
perlcneo with foreign nffalrs," Inter
rupted 1IIII. "Docs he know of n tin
gle Insular government In tho world,
either in Great llrltain, Franca or Ger
many, or any other ICi'iopcnn power, I
which has a representative In thu home !
"Wo nre a popular icpresuitntivo
Government essentially," replied Hltt,
"and a lepublic does tint need to take
lessons from monarchies in tho appli
cation of our own system," (Great ap
plause on both sides o' the House.)
Williams of Mississippi argued that
tho Constitution entitled every organ
ized territory to a delegate on tho Moor
of tho House. He had opposed the nn-
noxnuon oi iiuwnii origimmy necauso
ho hnd foreseen the raco problem it
would bring with It. He replied with
much feeling to HIU'H ref-jienco, mill
er In tho day, to tho reHtrleted buffrngo
"Docs tho Bcntiemnr Imarclno, said
Ho. "that wo of tho South tnko any
prldo In the fact that we uro compelled
I" luoiuti iuu nuuiu,u ,u i.iu iiii'iii-oin
"I do not," replied Hill; "hut why
not apply tho mtnio Byiitem to Hiwall?"
"Whenever I am faced with the raco
problem," continued Williams, "1
stand for white supremacy. I stand for
whlto supremacy In Hawaii as I stand
for it In Mississippi, ft Is tho duty of
man to lift up thoso holow him if ho
can, hut there Is no Injunction, humnn
or divine, which oblige white men to
I 'herd with narrow foreapads. ignorant
I of our glorious gains.' I havo no idea
that the blacks will over rlso to tho
plane of tho whites and I indulge in no
hypocrisy about It"
WiiimniB said It ill became, tho icp
rcsentatlvcs of Connecticut nnd lthodo
Island to taunt tho mu.i of lha South
with their election Inwu. Ho created
much nmuBcmcnt by hU references to
some of tho peculiarities of thu election
laws in lthodo jBland and Connecticut
nnd drew tho Uro of tho Uupicsculu
tlves of thoao States.
Clark of Missouri said ho was tee
totally opposed to taxullou without
representation. Hill's amendment was
An amendment was ndopted to post
pono for ono year tho tlmo when tho
coastwise laws of tho United Stales
Bhould bo extended to Hawaii. An
amendment was added to tho end of the
hill providing that no ChlncbO who ob
tain n certltloftto In Hawaii tmdir thn
terms of tbo'blll Ehall bo allowed to
enter nny State or Territory of tho
Do Armond of Mltmonil offered nn
nmendment compelling all Asiatics
who have entered tho Inlands under
contract slnco tho date of annexation,
to leave within a year. Adopted.
Newlands offered an amendment de
claring it to bo the purposo of tho Act
to encourago frco whlto labor in tho
Islands and dlecournso Astatic labor
and -providing that within ono year all
corporations ehatl employ nt least one
tenth white labor; ono-lenth moro each
subsequent year until nt least three
fourths of tho employes shall bo citi
zens of tho United StAtca and of Ha
waii. The amendment wag lost 31
A committee nmendment was adopt
ed to clor,o up and liquidate the af
fairs of the Hawaiian Savings Dank.
Hill of Connecticut offered an
amendment providing that nothing In
tho Act should bo construed ns a pledgo
of Statehood In the ImnWlntO'Or dis
Knox characterized thu nmendment,
In the words of former Representative
Walker of Massachusetts, ns "almighty
nonsense." Tho nmendment was i
Another committee umindincnt was
ndopted to mako section 62, relating to
appropriations, go into effect nftcr the
approval of tho Act.
The last nmendment adopted was one
offered by Newlands of Nevada to
create tho olllco of Commissioner of
Utbor lu Hawaii.
Tho commltteo then icported the bill
and amendments to tho House.
Dartholdt of Missouri moved to ic
commit the bill with Instructions to
strlko out tho amendment prohibiting
the salo of Intoxicating llquoia in sa
loons lu Hawaii and report the bill
back forthwith us nmended. The mo
tion wns lost HO to 83. Tho Ulll was
then passed 120 to 23. At 3:50 p. m.
tho House adjourned.
The use of tbo Singer In millions of
homes shows tho unprecedented suc
cess of these Ideal sowing marines.
It is convincing proof that tht dinger
excels In all kinds of family -sV'ng
and art needle work. All our i lng
machines are of the best construcOon,
beautifully decorated, and uro mounted
on sleectcd woods In finely finished
cabinets of artistic designs. D. Ber
aeracn. agent. 16 Bntbe street
An $8.00 DICTlONARYfor $1.0(1
The New Werner Edition of
Ucwljr end mnnlllccntly llliiitrntcl. Vcoftci
rcu tho U'ct Picl'ouarv cut put un l'c 1 millet nt
t low price. IMt new iiiltluu ioi.U.Iij nun)
I ccial failures ludms Jiclior.iirycf Cyr.jj.zu
mi Antonyms, lexicon of foreign pbrn:?i, dic
tionary of abbreviation, colon J plMes, etc.,
He. KcinrmU rlhl. licot tte ctesp ..Xlm
LMMUtllully iirlntul iillllnn on lino l'J,r w'.ir
.hnumiula if valuable iidditimm .f ill in funiculi
iwl buIun men. If you di Ira Hi a t io!r. cenfi
la oor irecial offer price. Jl.OD.anJ iviMvtlltjr.'1
ifiiu tliliKrculillclluunry, Ixiuri'l In u Mi or leer1
.i $2.00 uixl no y III keinl thn Mmc 1 .; boanl Is
till tan (beep, with a beautiful cmr ittica
I he luiiirUouiol low r1uit Dutlr.nnty ever j,ul
Ifctiol. 'nr ctory iluy uh) In (1.3 . ve, iiniiio
k'luio! ami lll.rnry tliU illctlonory Is Absolutely un
MimUil. Forwarded on recclvt o. our tpcctal
)fier price, JI.OD for do' & Undine or $2.00 for
thclcll tan sheep, lilt liiiutHUUlju'nry, riturn
t mill wo hi i refund our money. Wntofnroui
1,'x.vlill lllnvrnleil riitaloirue, qia.llricr tho lnwtit
irln-i on I otf, FREE. u umnuoJOJ inoucy
A'Mrci-s all eniuMo
rilU WtKNER COMPANY,
ntu.b.ri 434 MinoUf ur.n. Akron. Ohio
(TL. ineCvifiny litlioruuctlyrtl.iLle.l Kdilo.
HAWAII LAND CO.
Capita ?tock - - - $50,000.
Capital, aid up, - $44,210
W. (J. Achl President Mnnnenr
M. K. Ntkullih Vlco Pro-iili.t
J. Mrtkiilimi Trt'iiMiror
K. JiiImiioii Heonditry
Goo. I., IK'hIu Auditor
IIOAR1) OK DIKIXTOIW:
The ahovfl Coinjiany will huy, lflaHa,
or sntl IuihIh In all nrt of tho Hawnllaii
IrdandH; and "Ihd h"n hotiNet lu tlm City
nf Honolulu for rent. MSO-jl
ATKINSON & JUDD,
iJj.O.Alklnwm mid AllwrtF.Juild,.?r.)
Office ovor Illsliup .fc Co. 'a Ilank, cor.
taahumauu and Merchant stroot.
T. MoOAK'l'S STEWART,
Attorn oy and
Oouiipcllor at Law.
-ogress nioc.k, opposite Catholic Church
Fort street, Honolulu, H. I.
i52 Telopbono 1122
R. D. S1LLIMAN,
jo8 Judd Building. Telephone 213.
CHARLES PETERSON "
V-tfcovney at Law and
J. M. KANEAKUA,
ttorney and Counsellor at
Olllco: In tlio Occidental Hotel,
turner of King and Alakcu Streets,
7 u. Aoiii. Knocii Johnson.
AOHI &. JOHNSON,
ttornoys and Counselors
aloo No. 10 West King street.
F. M. BROOKS.
Attorney at Law
Sprockets Building, Fort Street,
8. A. MOTT-SMITH,
(AS MOVED to the Judd
Block, Fort St.
Surgeons, Pnystclans and Dentists.
, C. WALL, D. D. S.,
O. E. WALL, D. D. S.,
Love Building, Fort street.
HOURS: 8-4. TELEPHONE 414.
DR. R. 1. MOORE,
Uf-r-lCK: ato Hotel street.
OFFICE HOURS: q to 12 and t to 4.
Practice limited to Surgery and
OFFICE AND RESIDENCE :
"1. WALTER HOFFMANN.
IKETANIA STREBT. (opposite the
Off co hours, 8 to 10 u. m.; 1 to 3 p.
. 7 to 8 p. m. Sunday s; 8 to 11 it. in.
riphone610. P. CDox C01.
H . GORDON HODGINS.
yrncEAND residbnch, qudcie
'OTTAGB, corner Hotel nnd Itlchards
itrrcta. Otllce hours: 9 to It; 2 to 4;
' a. Telephone 953. 124.1
Lift, A. N. SINCLAIR
S.hool sreet, between Emma and Fort.
Hours: Q'i a. m., 2-4 p. m., 7-8 p. m.j
undays Q-ioa. m. 141A
Supported by VohmUry Conf-itlona.
FRKK TRKA1MKNT to the loar of
For Information an to cardc id
oiImIou and to thu sorvlco, otc, oto, ,
Third Floor, Protrrum Itlock,
.iubHcrlitiouH may l.o loft witli J. F.
riackfeld, I.. U. Abies or Dr. Kloggotr.
We have received from Edison's factory
an Electric Lamp for bed-room use whlcn
Is koIiir to prove Invaluable. By means
of a regulating screw the light can b
dunged from a dull red glow to full 16
andle pov-'. When retiring the lamp
can be so turned down as to burn all nlghl
at little cost, and by means of the screw
can Instantly t turned on full power,
It will be found a great convenience In tin
tl room or the Picry.
Price $1.25 each.
Oceanic Gas and
electric Co., Ltd.
Real Estate and Insurance,
JLlKJi and KIKJiJ
AGENTS FOR ..
New England Mutual Life In
surance CO. OF BOirON.
iETNA Fire Insurance Compani
HENRY ST. GOAR.
Members Stock and Bond Exchange.
AND DEALERS IN
Ptrtlculsr ttrnilon elvn to purcbtM iol ! of
lliwillin Sucf Stock.
Lon NcotUte4, Ettlirn tod Fortl(n Stock!
403 California St.,
San Frnnclfico, Cnl.
W. C. ACHI & CO.,
Brokers & Dealers
tW We will hxx or Ue'.OeH EiUtfllc
all parts of the frroup.
XW We will Bell Properties on Beaton
OFFICE. 10 West King Street
Real Estate Broker.
223 MERCHANT ST.
Twelve Chinese Granite Hitching
Posts, 15 each.
Property In town.
HOUSES TO LKT.
T. R. MOSSMAN
Real Estate Agen.
Searcher of Titles . . .
51 W. THRUM
HOOM NO. II), Hl'RECKEU) BLOCK
Plantation Work a Specialty.
OHAS. J. EALK,
Member Honolulu Stock Exchange.
Room 301, Judd llulldlug.
J AS. F. MORGAN," '
OCTIONKRK AND STOCK BKOrikt
Mo. 45 gattn Stint.
expert Aiiprtieoiiibnt of itc!
ftt' mill Ftunittim
JOHN H. SOPER
Stock ana Bod. 6A
11G Moraliimt Strtot
Stock and Bond Broker
Mtnttr of Hawaiian Stock riichang.
Mclnerny Block, Fort Htroot.
P. E. R. STltAUOH,
Real Estate Broker
FlnnnoWl A(r.nt nd Collector.
No. 0 Uctlicl St., iieur P. O.
A. J. CAMPBELL,
Stock nntl Bond Broker.
Mtmtitr ot th. Honolulu Stock Eicbanf.,
Ottlco Quoon Ntrnot, opponlto Union
ftlttfcnna" oo P O Roi Ml
J1AH. F. MOHOAN,
Menori of Honolulu Stock Ficttant.
Ti '1 Boi ig
112 IIOTKt. HTKKKT,
KAPA, OATiAltAMltKS. I.KIH. NA
TIVE HATS, HULA KKIHTS. NIIHAl
MATS, FANS, HIIK1.LS i-KKIXS, Eto
HOMKMADK POI, roiwtanilf nn huua.
Tolooliouo lt' UUJiHa.
Agents, Brorw and Jobtoi.
W. 8. Irwin & 6:.
AGENTS FOR ""
Western Sugar Hennery Co., of .
Baldwin Locomotive Wot it
Philadelphia, Penn.. U. 8. A.
Noweil Universal Mill Co. (Niusr.
Cane Shredder), New Yort, D, t. r
N. Ohlandt & Co's Chemical Vvrr.e
Alex. Cross ft Sons, high sriu. a..-
tlllzcrs for Cano and CofM.
Reed's Steam Plpp Covr,rln.
I.SO OFFER FOR 8ALB
Parafflne Paint Co'a P. a. rtu..
and I'apcrB; I.ucol and tAsvin.
Oils, raw and bulled.
Indurlne (n cold water palss,. o
whlto nnd colors.
Filter Press Cloths, Cement, Jbiv.
and Ur.cks .
CASTLE & COOKE
re tw Plinlill.Co.
riii Waltlua Arikuln-rtl Co., L t
The Kohala Sur Ce
rn Wlini Sutar Mill Co.
The Koloa Agrlcultuitl Co,
Trit Fulton Iron Worki, St too. I. M
rti. SucJifd OIICo.
rtit 0,0. P. Dlakt Sttan Punpa
Tlit New England LllclntiiraacaC,! , ,
- nr uma rirf mi. Lo. of nartfotfl, (jaaoi
1 pc Alliance rtnuranca un or I
Agents (or the California and Omr.te.
ni. G. irwin & C&
Wm. O. Irwin, President and lUutgFV
Claua SprcvkclB VlccPnaMRH.'-
V. U. Olffard.. Second Vice FruHmn.
H. M. Whitney, Jr..... Ttsm. u mat
Geo. J. Rom
AOMitrn or tu
1U8ANI0 STEAMSHIP COMIirl
OK bANFltANOISOO. PAX.
BREWER 5 CO., L
Qun alrttt, Honolulu H.I
Hawaiian Agricultural Co.any, Airxrtcaa Baf,
Conpanv, OoVala Sugar Plant Co , Omwi !v
Co , Hnnomu Sugar C.i Walluku Sucai Col. f.hii
Sugar Co . Haltakala Piri.h Co . Molotal Raortr
Planitr'a Llnr San Tt I.Kol'acM tu.llo
& Co.'a Un. ol Uon Packet
LIST OF OFFICERS
U. M. Cnoko, ProNldent; Ooorgo K
Itolicrficiii, Mrtnagor; K. F. Hlahort,
Tronsiuror and Kourvtiiry ; Col. W. il
Alluu, Audit r; P. C. Jonos H. Wata'
tiniiBo, Ono. It. Cartor, Dlrnctorn.
QUEBN ST., - HONOLULU
The Lancashire Insurance Co.
The B.ilolse Insurance Co.
Union Gas Engine Co.
Domestic Sewing Machine, Et.i
Nl. PHILLIPS & (JO.
vVholcr.tle Importer! and Joboan
(arope&u and American Dry sea
Ko t and Qneen Bttoett.
t. TlACKFELD & (Hi , Lw
IGHERAL COMMISSION ADEE1&
Oir Kori r.nd C'neBti Htrioti Hounn. )
Honolulu Iion Works Cc
Improve., and modern 8UOAE itt
C1UNUHY ot ovcry capacity and At
scrlptlun niiidu to order. Holler vtit
and HIVICTIvO PIPES for irrntfaK
pttrposea a ttpeclulty. PartlRUiar atto
tlou puld to JOU WORK ,awd npaiu
eii-cutod at Bhortest notlo.
tjjncral Mansger ot
Tk XquUible Life Assar&nce 8oricJs
(1 th rjnlUnl BUteator the Hi ill T
Uchant itroet. lion