Newspaper Page Text
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Who is Your Favorite School Teacher?
VOTE EARL AND OFTEN.
Vol. IX. No. 1574
HONOLULU. TERRITORY OV HAWAII, WEDNESDAY, JULY I. 1900
Pbiob 5 Obntb.
Teachers' Contest Closes
10 a, m. Tomorrow
RELIEF FORCE ENTRENCHED
HAWAII'S OWN FOURTH
Gen, Rundle's Line
Pierced by. the Boers
wi " .W vW
I ' i
In order to give the successful
teacher more time to prepare for the
trip It has been deckled to close the
contest tomorrow, July 5 Instead of
-Saturday. Have your votes on time.
Following Is the standing of the con
test up to 10 a. m. today:
43. J. F.Scott, Walmea, Kauai 3992
ai. Miss Kelley, High School 2082
32. MIssEdlthDeltz.Ft.St.NlghtSch 173O
38. Miss A. Thomas, Llhue, Kauai... 750
1. Alex. Mackintosh, Rotal 509
3. Rev. Kong Yin Tet, St. Peter's. . 480
34 Miss Maggie Nape.Walluku, Maul 150
44. , Beretanl - 125
32. Miss Amy Roe. Private no
8. , Kaakopua 78
11. ,Kauluwela 70
33. .Kaakopua 61
7. J. C. Anderson, lolanl 50
3. Miss M. Smith, Kalulanl 46
3J. .High ,1 41
12. Isaiah Pahee, Reform 43
39. T. P. Harris, Royal u
(1. Mr. Fltz, lo'anl -. 2s
, Kalulanl 23
, Night 21
V. A. Carvalho, Honomu, Hawaii 14
, lolanl ..'. . 13
, lolanl .,, 11
Marv Ann Pa. HnllnkiK Maul .... 11
C. Hemenway, Oahu College. ... 8
. Kaakopua 4
Mrs. L. A. Sha-, St. Peters' 4
Mrs. L Aseu, St. Peters'
11.111114 iojiuu, fuiuii .. a
Willie Neal, Kolaa .... 3
Miss Beatrice Young, St. Andrew's
Miss L. Hart. Walmei, Kauai....
Miss H. Dickinson, Lahalna
Miss Lvsett. Mahukona. Hawaii .
Miss L. Aheong, Pauoi 1
This being the last week of the
contest the votes will be counted
and the resul: announced daily.
The contest lias aroused a great
deal of enthusiasm among the school
children all of whom naturally wish
to give their favorite teacher a pleas
ant vacation trip and the youngsters
have been working like beavers get-
.ting their friends to cut out coupons
and to subscribe for the Bulletin.
That they experienced very little
difficulty in the latter effort is shown
by the way subscriptions have been
pouring in for the last two months.
There will no doubt be some Sur
days for a great many votes are be
ing held back for the finish.
It is certainly a pleasing way for the
children to show their affection and
regard for their teachers by thus
working for th m, and a trip to San
Francisco and return will surely
be no more than deserved by the
teacher whom the greatest number
of votes shows to be in truth the
most popular. The fact that the
Australia is the vesel wnich will
carry the fortunate teacher is in it
self an added attraction. The Aus
tralia is our ferry boat between Ho
nolulu and 'Frisco and is as regular
as clockwork. The eating is de-
' dared by everyone who has traveled
on her to be most excellent and
a more genial and accommodating set
of officers would be hard to find.
Votes in this contest will be given
to new subscribers only as follows
according to the term, of their sub
crlptlon: 1 MONTH 40 votes
3 MONTHS 150 "
6 .MONTHS 350
I YEAR 750 "
Subscriptions are 75 cts. a month
or S8 a year in advance.
WAITING HONOLULU RETURNS.
Washington, June 20. Postofllcs olfl
clals are anxiously awaiting the 111 si
returns from the Hawaiian Postal sr
vice. It Is said that they have hlthcilo
exceeded the expcndltmcs, and that
quite a neat little sum has been annual
ly added to the exchquer ot the. Islands
on account ot the postal service.
Tons o( postal blanks for making
reports were shipped to the Island?
and distributed among the vnrious
offices, and United States stamps were
sent as a substitute for those In use un
der the Hawaiian Government, which
were not acceptable after June 13th,
but had to be redeemed at the post
office or traded for the new Issue of
There are eighty-five post. offices In
the Islands, the principal office belnr,
of course, Honolulu, which Is the only
first-class office In tho group. The
others will be of the fourth class.
Japan 8penilH Fifty Millions
Yokohama, June 27. The consent of the
Emperor to the expenditure of fifty million
yen, not fifteen million yen, as previously
cabled toward the cost of military opera
tions In China, was given at a meeting of
the privy council at which the Emperor
was present. The Minister of Foreign
Affairs and (he Minister of Finance ex
plained the situation, pointed out the need
of more troops, and the former said the
money would be drawn from the reserve
TUB WATERMAN IDEAL FOUN
TAIN PEN. All sizes, all shapes. H.
American Blood , Shed by tbe
Conflicting Despatches Leave Doobt
Members or Ligations at Peking
Thought to Have Escaped
American Troops to
Washington, June 27. The following
cablegram was received at the Navy De
pntment late this afternoon:
Che Foo, June 27. Secretary Navy,
Washington. Peking force and ministers
reported with Peking relief expeJitioti en
trenched eight miles from 1 len Tln.
General Chaffee to Command.
Washington, June 26. The Presldeti
has assigned General Adna R. Chaffee to
the command of military forces operating
In China. General Chaffee was at the
War Depirtmsnt today receiving Instruc
tions and will leave for San Francisco In
time to sail on the first of July with the
Sixth Cavalry. This detachment sails on
the Grant which has' been ordered to
touch at Nagasaki for further orders. It
Is probable that the ship will then sail
direct for Che Foo with General Chaffee
and the Sixth Cavalry.
Yankees and British Lead.
London, June 27. A cpcclnl despatch
from Chefoo says:
The light of the allied forces against
the combined Uoxers anj the Chinese
sofdlery, barring the road t6 Tien Tsln,
opened at daybreak. One hundred and
fifyt Americans were among tbe 2000
International troops. The Chinese
soon broke under heavy shelling and
then the arsenal was attacked and tho
guns were gradually silenced. Tho
fight was practically over at noon.
The kene rivalry for the honor nf
first entering the city resulted In the
Americans and Urltlsh going In neck
and neck with the others close up."
Europeans Are 8ntc.
London, June 27, 3:3$ p. m. The
UrltUh Consul at An.oy telegraphs this
morning that the Europeans at Peking
are reported to be safe.
Chaffee on the Road.
Washington, June 27. Gen. Chaffee,
who lias been ordered to command tho
American troops in China, left Wash
ington at 10:40 o'clock today for San
Francisco, accompanied by Lieutenant
Harper, his aide. He is due nt Ban
Francisco at 5 o'clock Sunday morning
and sails for Nagasaki on the transport
Grnnt with tho Sixth Cavalry .tbe same
Seymour's Hard Lines.
Derlln, June 27. The German Consul
at Chefoo confirms the contents of tho
message from Vice Admiral Seymour
which reacher Tien Tsln Monday, say
ing he was then eight t)If8 westwaid
of that city, terribly harassed, couid
only hold out another two days and had
sixty-three men killed and over two
hundred wounded, nnd adds that tho
Admiral asked for the despatch of a re
lief column of 2000 men. This column
left ITen Tsln during tbe morning ot
June 25, under Russian command.
Many Conflicting Reports.
London, June 27, 2:03 p. m. Tho
cable messages from the Far East today
are so far conflicting In their tenor that
almost any desired view of the fcltun-
tlon Is deduclblo therefrom. On tho
whole, however, news Is encouraging
and It is safe to assume that Vice Ad
miral Seymour and the legations,
whether together or seperately, will ul
timately reach a place of fcofety. Va
rious reports locate the legatloners nt
divers places, but It seems agreed Hut
they are safely away from Peking.
The latest Shanghai report says
Prince Tuan (the head of tbe Chinese
Foreign Office, and father of the heir
apparent,) has sent tbe legatloners to
Slan Fu under escort and adds that
Stan Fu will be the new capital In tho
event of Peking being occupied by tho
It Is thought at Shanghai that now
Tien Tsln Is relieved, the Combined In
ternational forces will have na difficul
ty In reaching Peking, though It Ir
expected It will be found that all tin
foreigners have already left. It U
claimed that the reports as to the dam
age dono at Tien Tsln and the casual
ties among the foreign residents Wavo
been highly colored.
Tho exodus of Chinese from Shang
hai Is unabated. Every steumer Is
HONOLULU i SCHOOL
Day and Night Classes
Rooms 11-11. j'J Floor 0 a.h, 4 r. a
Houm t r.o 0 y r, M.
thronged and the authorities have been
obliged to resort to the use of the Am
hoso to prevent tho fugitives from
overcrowding the vessels. Tho com
mander of the Urltlsh first-class cruU
er Undaunted, however, tins landed
large supplies of rides nnd ammuni
tion, nnd guns have been placed In po
sition nt commanding points with tho
result that the foreigners are confident
they can overcome any attack on the
settlement, Into which the foreigners
from tho out-stntlons nro .rapidly con
gregating. According to a despatch from Now
Chwang, tho Itusslans there arc barely
nblo to cope with til csltuntlon. The
Chinese, It appears, arc burning nil tho
railroad material, kilting Isolated Rus
sians nt every opportunity nnd destroy
ing the coal mines.
The St. Jnmes Gnzctto expressed the
opinion thnt China Is "tcncnlng Amcrl
ra the Impossibility of n great trading
nntlon nvoldlng Imperialism, "adding:
"America's experience will teach htr
It Is not the desire -to grab distant
lands, but unavoidable destiny that
drives Grent llrltnln ever forward.
Wnshlngton has no choice but to pro
tect the imperilled American cltlrens
and having once Intervened In China
to protect her Interests, sho shall never
be able to shako from her shoes the
dust of the Celestial Empire."
Chinese Ministers Report
Washington, June 27 The Chinese
Minister, Mr Wu. came to the relief of the
new situation this morning, with a des
patch coming In a round-about from Pekln
Tne .Minister's news anneirs to have hm
anticipated unofficially so far as It relates1
to the departure of the foreign ministers!
from Pekln. But the Importance of his
message lies In the fact that It Is a week!
later In date th,n any official despatch
which has reached Europe or America I
since break In the line of communication
The Mlnl-trr says the despatch teachej
him from Pekln via Slnan Fu, the capital
city of Shantung province. The Minister
Is firmly convinced of the accuracy of the
statements contained In his message. Sec
retary Haj also was Inclined to credit the
despatch and was pleased to find that It
was corroborated by the despatch of the
French Consul General In Shantung to his
There wet? no other official dispatches
In either the S'ate or Navy Departments.
The onlv other news of the morning was
the depatture of General Chaffee who had
a final conference with Adjutant General
Gotbln and then started for San Francisco
with soldierly exactness allowing himself
just one hour to cover Interruptions In his
schedule between Washington and the
army transport at San Francisco.
M. Cam bon called at the State Depart
ment Just In advance of the Chinese Min
ister, but he had no advices from his own
government respecting the Chinese ques
tion. General McArthur notified the Adjutant
General this morning of the depatture of
the Ninth Infantry fcr China. Despfte
all reports to the effect at least three regi
ments could be placed at General Chaftee's
command, Acting "secretary Melklejohn
and Adjutant General Corbln assert today
In the most positive terms that the Ninth
Infantry Is the only American troops order
ed to service In China, nnd, that while the
Sixth cavalry may go to China In the
event that they are need, their present
orders only carry them as far as Nagasaki
In the possible event that peace shall reign
I In China by the time of their arrival at
I Nagasaki, the Sixth cavalry w III proceed
ed to their original destination In the Phil
I It Is expected that the transport Grant
1 with General Chaffee on board will ai-
rive at Nagasaki about July 28, which
would Insure hU a'rlval at Taku by the
first of August.
hi well Informed diplomatic circles the
news that the foreign ministers have left
Pekln for the north under a Chinese escort
Is regarded with some apprehension. It Is
presumed, of course, that the escort Is
composed of Imperial troops, but a feeling
1 of unrest Is Induced by -the evident fact
that In the present circumstances that the
1 Imperial troops are not to be absolutely
Indications are abundant that they, too,
are Imbued with theani-forelgn sentiment
which has frund Its open exponent In'the
Boxers. While no feat Is expressed that
the personal safety of the diplomatic rep
resentallves of foreign governments Is
endangered, the Intimation Is conveyed
that they may be held as hostages. f
this should be tiue, the troops accompan y
1 lug thtm would be rather a guard than an
It Is pointed out that In 1 Wo In clrcum
stances quite similar to those which obtain
' at present, the French minister was taken
north from Pe'rfln under escort." He was
actually held as a hostage.
Diplomatic representitlves of foreign
government here, have received, so far as
known, little news from their governments,
with respict to the situation In China.
From what meagre reports hae reached
the various legations, it is sren the dltti
culy of obtaining a'curate Information Is
embarrassing all governments.
Fo rnno full dress shtrta nt $1.00 each
L. 11. Kerr & Co., Queen street. These
shirts are strictly high grndo as to fit
Yacht Races, Street Parade and
Exercises at Opera HonseWtll Attended
Patriotic Addressed by Rei.
Kincald, Hr. KaoMon and
Mr. Stewart Hawaii
Croaking weather prophets were
the only disappointed people in Ho
nolulu when the first Glorious Fourth
to be'celebrated in the Territory of
Hawaii dawned this morning. A
more perfect summer morn was
never ushered in here in the land of
perfect and perpetual summer. The
whole town was agog bright and
Below are accounts of the various
events wherein the eagle screamed :
Thousands of people or all nation
alities swarmed along the route of
parade. And the people In their
variegated attire made a much pret
tier spectacle than the procession
A few stores in Fort street were
fairly well decorated, but many
sho.ved not a star nor a stripe. The
Criterion saloon In that street, and
the Favorite saloon in Hotel street,
were about a tie for artistic embel
lishment. Sachs was easily first
among the stores.
The route of parade was from
Miller to Beretania street, thence by
t"rt ard Merchant streets to Palace
Square, and by Richards ami Hotel
streets to the drilMied.
Captah Fox and another officer
of t,le Mounted Patrol pioneered the
procession. W. H. Hoogs, Marshal
of the Day, mounted, came next
supported by Policemen Macy and
Ferreira also upon chargers.
The National Guard of Hawaii
was commanded by Major Zeigler
as acting Colonel. He was mounted,
as were his aides, Captains W.
Chauncy Wildrr. J. W. Pratt and
C. H.W Norton preceding him, and
Captains 1 . b. Wall and C. to. V
Forster supporting him. he Ha
waiian band led by Captain Berger
headed tne Keglment,
Captain C. B. Cottrell of Co. B
acted as major ot the first battalion
Lieutenant inant taking the com
pany in his place. Major J. M.
Oman was in his place at the head
of the second battalion.
After the military the parade con
sisted of but four comical tloats
-v II .. II ( I It I I it
une was caueu "I'.uirs ,whh.-i.
and was quite funny. One of its
legends was, "This is Infected,"
and was backed by the realistic
drama of a personated Board of
Health attache squirting disinfectant
over the vehicle. Another float was
supposed to represent an electric
car, although It could not get along
A motley rabble on plugs of as
sorted sizes, followed by undecorated
bicycles, with a tew trailing Hacks
and privaie rigs, completed the pro
cession. Behind the comic floats
there was not a fleck of decorative
With the exception of the credit
able regimental turnout, it was the
greatest parade ever seen on a
Fourth of July in Honolulu that
is, for unredeemed want of variety
and blank unornamentation.
The Ltternry lixerclnen.
There was a cosmonolltan assembly
' fllllnir everv nart ot tho Hawaiian
Opern House at IX o"clock. Tho Btago
wns simply decorated with the Ameri
can and Hawaiian lings In tho proscen
ium urch, tho Sturs and Htrlpes draping
the chairman's desk, and potted pnlm.1
and ferns at the front and sides. Novcr
have so many nntlve Hawailans, young
and old, nttended the literary exercises
of Independence Day. Their Intelligent
faces were seen wherever one looked
from the stage, and the balcony front
was lined with school "brownies."
The Amateur Orchestra, conducted
by Wrny Taylor, played "lied, Whits
and Blue" as an overture.
Rev, Alex, Mackintosh pronounced
an Invocation adapted from the cotlccta
of tho Hplscopal ritual. Ooo, XI. lie
Clellan read tho Declaration of Inde
pendence with clear ond well modu
lated utterance. Miss Delia II. Orls
wold sang "Columbia" In beautiful
stylo, receiving hearty applause,
The New America,
Itov. Wm. M. Kincald was tho lead
ing orator of tho day. Ills subject was
"The New Amorlca." In many points nf
comparison with other nations such
ns population, area, etc. 'America wns
not tho greatest. Shu was pre-eminent
In hnlng a government based on man
hood. In America no man was born In
to any rank or class, or even trade or
profession, hut an American. Ho may
Btnrt as n freight handler and becomo
a great railway president, as a rail-
splitter or a driver on tho canal tow
path and, like Lincoln and OarflcM,
t ' ,,
becomo President of the United States.
Amcrlcn may not have reached perfect
equality, but she has made greater ad
vances toward It than any other nation.
America had no rival In public edu
cation, Kngland was following her In
thlB regard. There were here no char
ity schoolsjlyot from kindergarten to
university every child had the door
jopcu freo to nil the education he could
absorb. Wherever tho flag floated the
rights of free thoitKht and free sneech
were trlnmphi.'' ' uy
People from the four quarters of ttw
eartli were welcomed to AtncVlca, anil
Just ns soon as they chose to prepare
themselves wero admitted to govern
themselves anil help to govern Ameri
cans. The speaker referred to tbe strip
ping of Ireland and the acquisitions of
the Scottish and English, ns making
the American commonwealth richer
nnd the Urltlsh Islands poorer.
Prior to two years ago America was
content to oolvo Its own problems, nnd
said "hands off" to tbe rest of the
world In cerythlng relating to tho
western continent. For centurlca Spain
had been treating her colonics contrary
to nil Amerlcnn principles. This had
uttracted attention In the tlmo of Jef
ferson. It had become a serloux ques
tion to Harrison nnd Oram. It re
in allied for William McKlnlcy, backed
by the Nation, to put an end to It. Pre
vious wars were reviewed by the speak
er to show that their objects weio nn
tlonal self-interest. The war with
Spain was tho most glorious Amcrlcn
ever had fought. It was the first time
In history when a nntlon engaged In n
grent' war to obtain liberties for other
than Its own people. Now America
proclaimed to the world the gospel of
human liberty. For the new America
Ciod's motto wns, not "America for th'i
Amorlcans," but '"America for tho
Concluding, Mr. Kincald said that ns
he looked abroad over the large nnd
Increasing domain over which the
Stnrs and Stripes floated today, he con
sidered it criminal negligence on the
part of men who failed to come to the
front nt this crista and Join In the flgli.
ngnlnst cter;i species of wrong, nils
government nnd lawlessness. "A freo
church, a free press, free spcecli and
the American schoolhouse," the orator
exclaimed. Another was quoted as
fcaylng thnt cery tr;ie American citi
zen wns ever on duty ns a soldier of the
Republic. Willi a reference to tho
power nnd greatness of Ameitcnn pub
lic sentiment, the speaker closed with
the lines, "God glvo us men.' '
J. I.ovctte Rockwell In a ilch bari
tone volco rendered the "Star Spangled
llnwnlltirm anil llnwntt Nel.
Abraham Gilbert Kaulukou, son ot
former Speaker J. I Kaulukou of tho
Houso ot Representatives, then deliver
ed an address. Hailng won bright
laurels by his graduating address nt
Oahu College last week, his name put
the audience Into a state of high ax
pectancy. Worthily he acquitted him
self, In good oratorical style speaking
It Is natural that we of Hawaiian
blood should prefer to see n native gov
ernment In Hawaii: .
Hut changes have come and tho
questions Involved .are of the past, "lt
the dead past bury its dead." Hawo
Man Independence wns impossible. It
was a choice, between Orlentlaltam or
Western civilization between Japan
We have become. a pait of tho gieat
est nation on the face of the globe. Wo
haws Its heritage by adur.tlon. "It Is
ours to enjoy, ours to preserie and ouih
As the favored Jew or Kthloplan
could say in ancient dajv, "I am a Ro
man citizen," SO each nno of us cmt
say with greater prkh, "I am nil
As the years go by we fhall ftel even
greater satisfaction for we shall per
ceive our advantages with clearer
The completion of tho Nicaragua
canal will present boundless opportun
ities to these IslnndB, situated ns they
nro at tho cross-roads ot the Pacific.
Trade, which Is now ill. 'ei ted by natu
ral barriers will come our way The
teeming populations of tho Orient offer
a vast field for enterprise which Ameri
can manufacturers had niready ,egun
Tho apparent letharjy shown In tho
past by tho American ilov.'rnineu', to
ward Its interests In the Kast, Is hard
to explain. During the last few yeais
Russia, Germany, France nnd Knglaud
hftvo all seized territory In China, cor,
trary to the interests of tho trade and
prosperity of tho United States nnd not
a single protest has ever been made by
tho American Government.
A new era wns suddenly jpcno.l when
Admiral Dewey "fired tho shot luMtd
round tho world." '
Tho United Stntes has taken no part
In tho partition of China, but-had won
(Continued on page 4.)
London, June 27. Telegrams from
South Africa Indicate that the renewed
Boer activity Increases In proportion with
Lord Roberts u,uleence, so the completion
of Commander-in-chief's enveloping mive
ment, supposed to be In progress, Is anxi
The news this morning supsorts the
belief that the Boers succeeded In piercing
General KunJIe's lines and proceeJeJ
southward . .
It appears that the failure ofihe British
to properly' guard their llneyof,communl-
rations ifarth of Kroonstadt Involved dis
aster to a body of Basutos working on the
railroad, of whom twenty were killed and
230 were made prisoners. This has had a
decidedly baj effect on the native mind
and a recruJescence of unrest Is reported
"PKOHIB8" IN CONVENTION.
Chicago, June 27. The National con
vention of the Prohibition party met today
In the First Rejlment Armory. Of the
1,014 delegates entitled to seMs more than
three-fourths ere In attendance when the
chairman, Oliver W. Stewart, of the Na
tional Executive committee ca'led the con
vention to order' and It Is expe.ted by to
morrow, when the nominations for Presi
dent and vlct-PreslJent will be maJe,
nearly a thousand delegates will be present.
Neatly all of the eastern and Central
Western States had rull delegates, the ab
sentees being mainly from Southern and'
Pacific Coa4t States. The galleries were
filled w 1 1 It spectators. Just previous to
the fall of the gavel, the delegates from the
New England States marched Into the lull
In a body, each delegtte orrylng a can
teen with the letters "U. S." InvetteJ anJ
bearing the legend ''Ant'-canteen." They
were liberally app'auded.
Won Born In llnwnll.
Berkeley, June 22. Charles KlttreJge
Clark, a pioneer resident of Berkeley and
San FranclM died last evening, after a
two-months' Illness with earner of the
The deceased was, perhaps, best known
as the secretary and orgjn'rer of several
bdlldlng an J loan assoclitl ns In San Fran
cisco and Alameda county.
Mr. Clark was born In the Hawaiian
Islands In 1841, his father being an early
missionary there, and when 22 years of
age he settled In San Francisco. He thin
went to Oakland and finally settled In
Berkeley In 1878.
New York's PlnAue Precaution".
New York. June 27. The Hoard of
Health hns decided to thoroughly dis
infect the Chinese qif.irt;rs In Manhat
tan, Iliooklyn nnd Coney Island, as a
measure of precaution against the
plague. The Hoard of Estimate trilty
npproprlatid $20,000 for the work
which will be Immediately begun.
Plojjuc In Sydney.
The doctor of tho Mlowcrn reported
to Dr. Amesse this mo.-nlng that the
plague Js dying out In Sydney. There
were only four cases during tho week
previous to the departure ot the Mlo
wera. Yokohama Plague.
Yokohama, June IS, via Victoria, I).
C, June 27. A case of plague has been
discovered on a P. & O. steamer, the
first case to make Its appearance here.
FOURTH OF JULY.
A great number of Hawaiian and
American flags can bo gotten In Iwaka
ml's store, Hotel street.
Gent's Hermsdort dyo black box su
perior quality, two pairs for 25 cents,
at i. 1111 Kerr & Co.'s, Qucon street for
one week only; don't fall to see them.
They arc, regular
If you cannot com In with vour
children, send them In and they will ro
celve just the same care and attention
and their feet will be just as carelully
fitted, as If you were with them.
We'll fit the foot If you'll foot ll e
bill, and promise you that both will be
Manufacturers' Shoe Co
Our stock Is now replete with good fits,
good style and good wear.
iMJkumfTiiA.ti.) . -,. . x-iu-,. tiJtiLvji.'-'-i
rl ' ' I ' 11. !..-'' "II