Newspaper Page Text
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THE EVENING BULLETIN: HONOLULU, H. I., FRIDAY, AUGUST 24, igco.
:-rAND THE SODA WATER--:
COR. PORT AND HOTEL STS.
JUST RECEIVED A LARGE SHIPMENT
Alsen Portland Cement
It the ttrongett and molt serviceable cement maJe and will permit tht admixture of a liretr amount o
gravel, with ltf lost of atrength, than any other trim: It It therefore tht most economical.
"ALSEN" hat NO EQUAL In COLOit, FINENESS ana SAND CARRYINO CAPACITY It WEIGHS
SS PER BUSHEL, (muturlnf atmtit lo'PER CENT. MORE CEMENT TO A BARRU than uther
Ttttllt Strength In Poundt Per Square Inch Mait at Royal Ttttlnc, Station, Berlin, iS8o-oo.
trend., which very materially REDUCES Itt cntt at compared with other cementt) It la therefore an ECONO
MICAL cement to iih and SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR FINE CONCRETE WORK.
Inch Made at Hoy
Alter tS dajrt.
After f days.
nYctfEntinrF ft..; .
PHEMIUMS: World's Flr, ChtCJjto.tSi AJclttit Jublln Int.
Mtlbourn. .888, Nrw Ztalind ft So. S. Ex'n. Duntdln, 18100.
CAPACITY AND SALES -Iht output ollht "ALSEN" uctortts In, at lh prtwnt tlm, itTftrthin
!.. 01 iny matwiJKiory 01 roniana idcmcni in curop.
Ont part Cement
1 met Kanina
After ? dajri. After tS days.
tiS i8 M
Ex'n iS8r. Centennial Int. Ex'n
The early tales of Alien's Pc rtland Cement In the United States Is greater than that of any other brand,
Ma wall around Governor's Island, New York Harbor,
Tht following test, mait In actual work by Lot. D. C. Houstoo, Corps of Engineers, U.S.A. at tht
1 wall around Governor's Island. Ntw York Harbor, has ntvtrbttn taualtd by any other cement. Ills
ItNblLb MKtMilM PfcK MJUAKB INUi:
Ont Dav. t8i eounds: Seven Davs. fioo r&ounJi.
Thirty Das. 81I rounJs, For Sidewalks It jives tht btst color ana tht no it endurable wearing surface.
Testimonials from most eminent tntjnetrs, architects and contractors endorsing tht high grade
fuallty of "ALSEN" furnished on application to
T-qo. SC. Parsrles Ss Co., .Ltd..
PHILADELPHIA ICE CREAM
With Crushed Fruits
HONOLULU - DRUG - CO.
: All others are Imitations
Families and Parlors SupplleJ at SHORT NOTICE. :
Our Ice Cream Soda is the talk of the
HONOLULU DRUG CO.,
We T77"feutcla. TKTl-il "SToia. Sleep
BOWER'S MERCHANT PATROL AND
CONFIDENTIAL AQENCY ::::::::
Reliable Watchmen furnished lorttoretand property.
and confidential work ol all torn. :t
Office Reonv 4 Model Block
Beet City reference! Iirnlthed. Detective
" ' " P. O. BOX 1H,
jijjjjjijjoj f i,i,i,'',,r rtrir $r tr $r srir tick'
a ...-7 mnnD rni-pcnimu ic rkiiAi itv
r" 1 no IKUU vii 1 i.niun 10 wuraa-a. i
The attention of Connoisseurs is called to the superlative
quality of Pommery ChampaHne which is being
shipped to this country. In London, the acknowledged
home of Wine Connoisssurs, where
QUALITY REGULATES PRICE
POMMERY command, from Two to Six Dollat i more a cat. than other leading brands,
at per fig-urea taken from Rldley't Win. and Spirit Trade Circular. London.
Pommery vintage mi Mi. to 011.
O H. MUMM " .,. - " J.
PEHRIEHJO'ET " lI Eatra Cuv.. CUjt. " 66..
M'ET AND CIIANDON " iSjl " eowt. jd. " 4l. jd.
LOUIS RUEDfcRER ' !&)) " J 68t. " 741.
Practice and Theory of
MARCONI SYSTEM IS
Can Be Used for Transmitting Business
Messages-Other Inventors Have
Tried But Failed for Long
W. C. PEACOCK & CO., LTD.
v ip it to K" ' if KK" X e if rrt? trie "'? mm? urtrtrimrFir
irchltects, Contractors and Builders
Jobbing : Promptly '. Attended : To.
WM. T. PATY,
Store and Office Fitting.
Plant and Eitlmatts Furnfthed.
Hotel Street, near Barrack
HOWARD & TRAIN,
Illte , Model Block. HONOLULU, OAHU, H.I
P, O. Boi TOJ. TtJtphMM (to
..YOU WILL NEED
..FOR YOUR OFFICE
And all kinds of Furniture.
Wernioke - Book - Cases
Eenpy Wan & Co
H. L. KERB & CO..
Architects and Builders
::" PROGRESS BLOCK.
AND SEE THE DISPUY.
Ota, W.Pat. ,, -.'f- "l
.W.BwdtdMJn P. O. Boi ti
BBARD8LEE & PAGE
Architects & Builder
Office: Rooms 3-4.' Arlington Annex,
Honolulu, H. I. , , , ,.
Sketches and Correct Estimates furnish'
.t Short Notice. i44i
Or ALL KINDS,
Dealers in Lumber and Goal
Onoon atreot. Hnnnlnln
H. F. BBRTBLMAN'S
fo .tar of old stand. Entrance on King
trMt. Orutr left at either shop, or offict
it John Nott's store, Klni; strut
ARTISTIC METAL SIGNS
ARTISTIC WINDOW DISPUY
will help you to do It
TUG BB5T IS CHRAPI2ST
thinfor our bli Is tlwtyi th lowtM
btcftuu tlwrf art no Ntttr tooi n'dt Ujo tbow
; Whtn you ar fiilnc up th old tort or
planning antw on consult us rtgardlnz bow to
do It In style.
j BMts Sign and Display Fliturtt wt art
prtparcd to figurt with you on any ktnd of Interior
finish or lurnlturt In tht way of offict or stort fixtures
partition shelving, etc., In hard woods ol all kinds.
Plans and designs (or tht asking of
Lewers & (tarte,
(Ivs prompt attention.
;i MAGIC z- headaohes
5 HEADACHES: before
:1 WAFERS ; breakfast.
The CamluJdgo Kncyclopctlla, n
monthly magazine devoted to "sclcnre,
art, history utid religion," publlshen In
recent Issue the following rovlew
ot the history of wireless tclcgratihy
and the methods of Its working:
Tho general prlnclple'tindcrljlng all
systems of wireless telegraphy now In
use, Is the production of a disturbance
In the ether of space by means of nn
Instrument called a transmitter, anJ
tho propagation of this disturbance
through the ether to anothor Instru
ment capable ot detecting the dlsturo
ance, this latter Instrument IHng cat'
ed a receiver. Of the various known
methods offsetting up these disturb
ances In tho ether only three have, as
yet, been employed commercially for
signalling adross space without wires.
These three methods depend, respec
tively, on the transmission of light,
magnetism and Hertzian waves. These
methods will bo -considered In tho order
given. Signalling by tho means of lUht
Is tho oldest of all systems of signal
ling. The mo3 tsavage nations hac
employed this method from time Im
memorial. The smock signals of tli'J
North American Indians, and tho bea
con lights of days gone by, nro only
two out of many methods of signalling
which depend on the transmission uf
light. In all these systems, the eye is
tho "receiver" which responds to the
disturbances In the ether, the signal
ling being effected by Interrupting the
light according to a prearranged cole.
Tho most modern of theso optical tele
graphs Is the famous heliograph, which
Is playing so Important n part In tho
rrcscnt South African campaign. Tlil.i
instrument merely consists of n combi
nation of mirrors mid clockwork, so ar
ranged ns to project n beam of llgnt
from the sun to a particular placo
whatever the position of tho sun may
be. Ily interrupting tho beam ot llgat
into long and short flashes according
to the Morse Code, an observer In thj
lino of the beam of light Is enabled to
read off messages though ho may be
fifty or sixty miles away. Tho draw
backs of this system are so great as to
limit Its application to very spechl
cases. Firstly, the sun must be shin
Ing on the heliograph, secondly, th'j
ntmosphero must bo clear, anil third'
ly, the person who Is receiving tho mov
sage must be In sight oi "V transmit'
tcr. Owing to the rotundity of the
earth this third condition prevents sig
nalling over great distances unless the
heliograph and the receiver be situat
ed nn lofty eminences. This is tho
principal defect of nil optical methods
of signalling. It is rather curious
that tho heliograph was accidentally
reinvented by Sir Henry Monro, In rte
Itichistan, whero Alexander tho Ore it
had successfully employed It twenty
Tho next system of spaco tcleginphy
which claims our attention Is tho mag'
netlc system. If n rapidly pulsating
electric current bo circulated around
nny metallic circuit enclosing n con
siderable area, a magnetic field puU.it-
Ing In unison with tho electric current,
will bo set up In tho neighborhood of
that circuit. Tho strength of this mag
netic field will be greatest within the
area enclosed by the circuit, but la .tp
preciable at considerable dlstancs
from it. If any other metallic circuit
be placed nt any part of this pulatliu
magnetic Held, a pulsating electric cur
rent will bo Induced by It. Thus wo
havo the three essentials of a system of
wireless telegraphy; a transmitter ca
pable ot setting W a disturbance In
space, andan Instrument u-apahle "
IUK1I1K lip hub uiaiuf itauutfa iicui-u u;
suitably Interrupting the pulsating
currentl n the first circuit 4to long and
short spells, according to the Moisj
Code the pulsating current In tho sec
ond circuit will be cut Into long and
short spells, which can he detected by
means of anydnstrument capable of ro
spondlng to pulsating currents, which
may Ce placed In that circuit. Thu
chief advantage of the magnetic system
U that tho transmitting and receiving
circuits may be syntonized to encH oth
er. In other words, tho receiver may
be niailo to respond only the particular
frequency of pulsation of Its trans
mitter, so thnt other transmitters in
tho neighborhood will not Influence It
Another advantage Is that fog, mist,
buildings and even mountains, which
may bo between the two circuits, will
not Interfere with tho working. Owlnj?
to tho diniculty In making a surnrlent
ly powerful trnnnnlttrr to uso with
circuits of moderate size, this system
has nerr been employed over bis
cuit respond to the pulsations of thetanccs. If an electric current be al- -flagls, BfOkCfS lid JoMtMi.
transmitting circuit, but It Is liable to
respond to all sorts of outside dis
turbances, which make the pulsations
Indistinguishable. There arc two dif
ferent magnetic systems now In us;.
In one, the circuits nre vertical, while
In the other, they are horizontal. The
former of these Is employed by the
British Post Office to connect the Isl
and ot Flat Holme In the tlrltlsh Ch m-
ncl with the main land. The Idea has
only been experimentally tried by
Prof. O. Lodge over a mllo of two ot
w e now come 10 me ccieuraieu syt- v
tem of wireless telegraphy by means
of Hertzian waves. In 1857, Mr. Clerk
Maxwell put forward the theory tha
waves of light arc not mere mechanical
vibrations of the ether, but nre electro
magnetic undulations. Although Max
well practically proved his case by
mathematical reasonlng.lt was given lo
subsequent experimenters to practi
cally demonstrate the truth of this far
reaching theory. Tho number nnd
startling nature ot these experiments,
nnd the consequences of tho theory,
have combined to mnkc tho subject of
electricity the most fascinating study
opened In us by modern science. In
1S8S, Hertz established the most con
vincing experimental proof of Max
well's theory, and succeeded In produc
ing electromagnetic waves In a way
which enabled him to show that while
they were much larger than ordinal v
light waves, they traveled at the nam a
speed, and wcrccnpablc of being re
flected, refracted, polarized, etc. lie
foro proceeding further with the sub
ject ot electromagnetic undulations. It
will be well to consider how these un
dulations differ from tho pulsations of
tho magnetic field employed In mag
When nn electric current flows along
a wire, tho space around the'ulre be
comes magnetic. If nn electric current
Increases In strength tho magnetic
field around It also Increases in
strength tho magnetic field around it
lowed to leak out of a circuit, part of
by a pair of waves some way oft. This , ALEXANDER & BALDWINeLtd
system Is uncertain and Is liable to fall- '
tire owing to natural earth currents.
The ever popular Halnler beer Is be
coming a household word end "will
you hae a glassjot Seattle," Is moro
often heard than anything else. The
Criterion Saloon has the beer on tap cr
In bottles. '
H. P. Baldwin - Prestd-nt
I J. 11. CASTLIi... ist Vice-President
W. M. ALEXANDER ind Vice-President
J. P. COOKE Treasurer
W. O. SMITH Secretary and Auditor
Sugar Factors and
HAWAII LAND CO.
Capital, paid up,
W. 0 AchI President rt Manage!
M. K. Kakulna.... Vice Prealdent
J. Makfilnul ......Treasurer
Knoch Jolmkon , ...Secretary
tao. L. Deshs Audltoi
nOAKD OF DIUECTOnS:
J. W. Blplkane.
The above Company will buy, lease,
or sell lanjj In all fart of the Hawaiian
(.lands; and alao has housei In the City
'tf Honolulu for rent. 14S9-t1
J. J. WILLIAMS,
At tbo Old Stand
On Fort Stroot
Visitors are cordially invited tt
nlso Increases, the magnetic force er . all and inspect our tjalleryiOf life
larging from the conductor outward, ' dze royal photos, from Kamehamehi
like the ripples on tho surface of .1 1. to date.
pond. Hut ns the current Is decreased,
the magnetic field returns back nnd
closes up on tho conductor. These lie
the magnetic pulsations or ripples used
In magnetic telegraphy. Hut If for
currents slowly wnxlng nnd waning we
use electric oscillations or pulsations
of excessive rapidity, part of their
energy radiates off Into the ether rn
electromngnetlt wnves, nnd only p.vt
returns back. It Is these efectroms;;
netlc undulations that Hertz experi
mentally showed to he Identical with
A PEW VERY PESIRABLB BUILD
ING LOTS on Nlnu Avtnus.at NIc
J lopa, Nuuanu Vallsj 'or sale. Apply ti
J. M. .V'NSARRAT,
1 Csrtwrljht Block, .reliant ttrast
W. C.-ACH1& CO,
Brokers & Dealers
Hawaiian Commercial & Sugar Co.
Ola.i Sugar Co.
Haiku Sugar Co.
Pala Plantation Company.
Nahlku Sugar Company.
Klhei Plantation Co.
Hawaiian Siigai Co.
Kahulul Railroad Company.
The California and Oriental S. S. ft.
V.G. Irwin & 60.
Western Sugar Refinery Co., of Baa
Baldwin Locomotive Works, of
Philadelphia, I'cnn., U. S. A.
Newell Universal Mill Co. (National
Cane Shredder), New York, U. S. A.
N. Oiilantlt & Co.'a Chemical Fertili
zers. Alex. Cross & Sons, high grade Far.
tlllzers for Cane and Coffee.
Heed's Steam Pine Coverlntr.
ALSO OFFER FOR SALE
Parafflno Paint Co.'s P. & D. Paint
and Papers; Lucol and Linseed
Oils, raw and boiled.
Indurlne (a cold-water paint), St
white nnd colors.
Filter Press Cloths, Cement, Lima
CASTLE & COOKB
Tte Eva Plaatatl' Co.
rta Walalua Agricultural Co.. Lt,l
Tbe Kobala Sugar C.
The Walaaiea Sugar till Co.
Tba Kotoa Agricultural C.
The Fulton Iron Worit, St totit. U.
Trie Standard Oil Co.
Tie 0.0. f. Blake Suae, Ptait,
TI11 New England Lite lataraac. C, .1 Ih .
T. Fir. Ist. Co. ol Heritor, Dm
Th. Alliance Atturence Q of Loaaon
OT W will Bus orfjaviBMl Estate h
11 paita of tha group.
tr We trill Ball Fropertlss on Hk.
JFFICE. 10 West King Streei
, DAVID DAYTON,
Real Estate Broker,
223 MERCHANT ST.
t Property In town and suburbs
and HOUSES TO LET.
tiinrtH grcilcr than about four mllcii.
If circuits of very great nrcn bo em
ployed, not only does the receiving clr-
Coherer tht Secret.
There nro many Instruments sensi
tive to theso Hertlzlnn wnves, but tho
most Bcnsltlvc of nil is what Is called
a coherer. Tills merely conslats of n
silver wlro cut through at one pJlnt,
the gap being filled with a mixture
of metallic filings preferably nickel
and silver and the whole enclosed In
n vacuous glass tube. In the normal
itato of affairs, this coherer offers a
practically Infinite resistance to the '
passage of nn electric current. Wh n, I
however, electromagnetic wnves fall on
It, Its rcslstnnco Is decreased to such
nn enormous extent that It allows n
battery connected with it to send a
sufficiently strong current through tho
coherer to work a Mcrso telegraph In
Thus It Is seen thnt the essntlal rt-
quIslteH for Hertzian wave telegraphy
arc, nn electric Ciirrent oscillating with
excessive rapidity In order to ;.t .in
electromagnetic waves In space, nnd a i
coherer sensitive to these waves, Tho
latest and In fact the only commercial
ly successful system of telegraphy by
Hertzian waves. Is tint brought out
by Slgnnr Marconi. The essent.al tea- ,
turo of his system Ih on elevated ver- i
Ileal wire nt both the transmitting and
reccUIng ends. The exnet theory of the
vertical conductor Is nof yet fully un
derstood, but It Is known that n long
wire of some sort Is nn csscnthl part of
the osclllntor required to get up 'he
cxtcssUely rapid surglngs n quired.
All that Is known iibouttho vertical
wire, Is thnt, other conditions btlng
constnnt, tho dlstnnro that nn bo sig
nalled over Is proportional to tho
square root of the height of the wire.
P.tflclrnt In Any Wetither.
This system of telegrnphy Is eflklent
under all conditions of wenther, and l
especially adapted for long dlstnnco
transmission. The only objection whlsh
attend sits use Is thnt the arrangements
nre not synotlcv That la to say any!
cohered will respond to any source of
electromagnetic waves. It Is now
claimed that Improvements have been
made which do away with thlsvobjcc
Ion, hut tho knowledge of how this Is
dono Is not yet public propeity. It
should be noted, moreover, that
Hertz's orglnal receiver could be syn
tonized with tho oscillator, but It was
not sufficiently sensltlvo to bo of use
for long distance telegraphy. So far,
the greatest ( dlstanco thnt has been
telegraphed over by Hertzian wave. Is
about ono hundred miles, Tho Marconi
system Is In uso In n grent many plnces,
and It Is expected that an Inst illation
will shortly bo erected which will en
nbln America to bo Joined to F.uropa 'n
this latest dctclopmcnt of telegraphy
It Is said thnt Tesln has Invent"'! n
system of space telegraphy. In which
nn electric current la sent through Iho
upper stiutn ot tho utiunsiihtre, j'is( , :or
nsnnn ran send a current through lh CORAL AND SOIL FOR SALE.
rarllled nlr of it vacuum lubo. Whether '
this plan Is fenslbfe p-nmlna In I, m'tfjwSiigrtt a,"hM &V the day
seen. Them Is yrt another svitem of
ulrelcss telegraphy which has been! II. ri HITCHCOCK.
fouiul fairly successful for slioit ills- Ilethel St,, next to P, O,
tfm. G. Irwin & Co.
Wm. O. Irwin.. President and Manacer
Claus Sprcckcls Vice President,
W. M. Olffarrt ..Bccond Vice President
11. M. Whitney Jr Trcas. and Sec
Geo. J. Itoss Auditor
AaHTf OF THB
UIAMIO STEAMSHIP OOMPAtO
OF BAM FRANCISCO. 0A1
T. R. MOSSMAN
Real Estate Agent
I Abstractor and
Searcher of Titlci . ' .
I Loans negotiated
! Campbell Building,
QUEEN ST.'. - HONOLULU.
The Lancashire Insurance Co,
The Halolse Insurance Co.
Union Gas Engine Co.
Domestic Sewing MacNne, Bta
BBWE $ C6., LTD.,
Oveen .trMt. Honolulu H.I
Hawaiian Agricultural Co?any. Aaorkai aast
Company. Ookala Sugar Plant. Co , Oooaei Ih.
Co., Hf ncnu Sug.r Co , Walluku Sugar Ci ., Nte
Sugar Co , llaleakala Rarcti Co.. Molokai Keaeftl
PUnUr l Line han Ft r.lio P.tlrtf Me. lr Mr
It Co.. Lin. of BoMn packet.
LINT OF OPFICKH8
KobertAou, Managor K.
P. B. R. STRAUOH,
Real Estate Broker
FlnnncM Ant ud Collector
Cooke, President) George j
i, Managor i K. 1'. Bishop
Troasurer and Secrotary i Col. W, )
Allen, Audit ir; P. C. Jones, H. WaUr
iioum, neo. k. uartor, uireetoni.
9 Ilethel 8t, near P. O.
G. 1. GROTE
Merchant -:- Tailors
Cleaned and Repaired
FIRST ClASS WORK GUARANTEE!,
Uiilon St. near Hotel uoo
(idn.ral Mtoafor of
Tha Iqa'Ubla Life Assdudci Sociit?
01 tba QnlUd BUtes (oi the Haws
Ortuai Merchant strast. Hoe
M. PHILLIPS k CO..
WhaUsal ImpotUri and Jobbm
hrofMn ud Americtn D7 oc
Fo t and q n BtrasU.
3. HAOKFELD & CO., Ltd
mm commission abeih
oor. Fort and Qneen HtrMts
FOR BALLAST !!
f White and Black Sand
1 In Quantities to Suit
EXCAYATIHG - CONTRACTED
The World Register
Keeps the Cash while you are busy,
Try ono o
On Marble and Granite.
Fences and Lawn
iw'd iron Fence and Monnmental Ct
611 KlPar Ntreet,