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EVENING nUI.TjbtlN, .HONOLULU, H. T., THUnSDAY, SErT. 5, 1901.
Published Every Day Eiccpl Sunday,
at 210 King Street, Honolulu,
T. It., by the
BULLETIN PUBLISHING CO., LTD.
WALLACE H. KAUIIINOTON... Editor
Entered at tho Post Otllco at Hono
lulu ns second-class matter.
Per month, anywhere In U. S....I .75
Per year, anywhere. In 0. S.... S.00
Per year, postpaid, to-elgn 13.00
Payable Invariably In.odvnnce.
Post OIQce llox 718
Tiirnsi)AY....si:PTi:.MUEii s, ism.
Kitchener's lates. proclamation na
been highly productive us usual. No
sooner Is Its "Rood effect apparent"
than ho "regrc.s to repoit" another
iliraster at the hands of one of thojc
nattered forces of tho Doers.
The labor unions of the city have
lulled on the Advertiser to explain,
thereby forcing nn Impossibility on the
ponderous organ. A more Irrational
or Irresponsible creation does not exist
than the policy of the Aihertlscr.
This construction of lepil railroad
thai has been carried ou by the law
pti.ilcnts of the Supreme Court sec
onded by the Attorney General shows
thr-t the minority faction ha sworn to
uphold the principle, once a prisoner
! s a prisoner r.ght or wron"
If Japan sees fit to allow Its people
t' emigrate In large numbers only to
ll.mall. It Is no business of the United
Btrtes. Jnpanese have the same right
to enter the United States enjoyfd by
Ei.ropeans. The fact that the Japan
fie Government exercises n paternal
direction over the movements of Its
elthcns Is a matter entirely beyond
the power of this nation to control.
It appears that Colombia and Vene
uela have been Indulglug In revolii'
tlnnnry scrimmages during the last two
jeers, that have cost a total of between
20,000 and 30,000 lives. Involutions
are so chronic with tho South Amerl
r.,8 that few have given more than
pai ting attention to the lives sacrificed
in mo cause or pniriousm nnci ue- rMl0U t ought to be possible to mix
sire to get hold of a government. In-it.. ,,eiroltum with tlio water us It
deed South America holds the prlre; ,.Fg Irom tnc arte8an uc ,,,)egj
for killing off people and paying noi,,,,,, H.curitiR the Hooding of all ileidj
Attention to It. I at olu. tmo- lf gucU a g5Ucmc wcrc ac.
- ! I'on.panied by gcneinl spraying or tnc
Mllllnualri- Law sou Is one of thiilgmss and rustics bordering ou tim
most interesting men Hard work ami
good fortune has produced. Ms
methods of spending money show a
hlgner degtco of Independents than
the Carnegie or Rockefeller lass. Hi
first put his spare cash Into a monstet
breeding (rum. paid a high price for
a new- pink, then built u yacht no J
consigned to tho Junk heap, nnd linn!
ly be Is to construct a Venice In
America among the islands of tho
cast coast. In his various forms i.t
amusement Lnwron puts big lumps (f
money in circulation which In most
Im-tances go more directly Into tho
pockets of tollers than does tho com
ui iiurnrj uiiu cuiickc uuiiuvid.
1'irnt Cooper guersed the band could
not go to Kauai unless the citizens of
that Island put up money, notwith
standing the Legislature had appro
printed the money for this special pur
pctc. Then Cooper guessed again and
bald the band could go early tills
month. Dole came on tho scene and of
course lud u guess coming which was
that the band should proceed to Ka
uai by the next steamer. Hardly had
Hie order been given to Capt. Merger
when Governor Dole exerclBCd his pre
rogative of guessing again and the
I.mkI will not go to Knual till Novem
ber. The official guessing contest U
The Toledo lllade has received a
ronv oi n newsuaner nubllshcd liv cer
tain Poito Illcnns calllnc themselves
tho Federal party. After learning the I
objects and alms ot the tederallsts ot
Po:to Rico tho lllade Is moved to mako
tho following timely remarks that ap
ply with equal forco to tho executive
faction in Hawaii making its alms and
dctlrcH known through tne ofllclal or
g.n s: "Tho purpose of the Federal
party Is Indicated by Its name. It Is,
to 'federate' Porto Rico with the Unit
ed States; to have It represented oy
Senators and Itepresentatlves In our
Congress, hut not subject to United
States taxation (substitute the word
laws and this applies locally. The Fed
eriils want to he In tho Union far
epough to obtain offices atjd honors,
but out of It when tax paying time
comes, That some of them really think
tlji.t this scheme Is n possibility, is
evidenced by their putting up money
to publish the Herald. They will learn
better after a while.'
OIL AND MOSQUITOES.
Health Officer Doty of New York
has made a report on his extenslva
operations against tho mosquito of
Staten Island. Ho seems to have prov
ed beyond question that the mosquito
can be wiped out of existence by tho
Ubi of crudo petroleum. This report
also strengthens tho belief t.iut Hawaii
cun rid Itself of tho mosquito pest if
the people will adopt vigorous ami
A large part of Dr. Doty's report
deals with tho mechanical equipment
used for tho test, an explanation ot
which has already been given In these
columns. One. of tho most Interesting
fr.as is the discovery that a small
quantity of crude petroleum is more
deMritotlve to the mosquito larvae than
any product of the laboratory. This
win learned from extensive experi
ments In the laboratory and upheld by
operations In the field, The report
'sayii on this point:
".Many tests have been made In thu
laboratory to ascertain tho value of
different agents believed to bo destruc
tive to the mosquito larvae. This has
Ircluded exporlmonts with' tho different
grades of petroleum oil, permanganate
of potassium, bichloride of mercury
(corrosive sublimate), carbolic acid,
bromine, formaldehyde, etc. It was a
sutprlse to find that n.solutlon of bi
chloride of mercury sulllclently strong
to kill all micro-organisms, or germs,
diluted the larvae slowly, somo being
alive at the expiration of twenty-four
hours. In weaker solutions they lived
liuluinltely. It would be tms.ife under
nuy condition to use this dangeroui
agent In ponds, etc., which arc fully
exposed: this may also bo sa,ti of car
bolic uclil and other agents cxpcil,
minted with. Permanganate of pot.is
slum, which has been strongly recom
mended for tho destruction of larvae,
produced but' little effect, except lu
very strong solutions. During these
tetts the marked superiority of retro
lu,m oil soon becamu manifest.
"Theie seemed to bo no special ad
vr Mugc of one petroleum product over
anther. The Lima oil which was used
In petrollzlng the stngnant pools and
rain barrels, etc., Is a crude petroleum
with u minimum amount or naptha.
One cubic centimetre of this added to
3,500 cubic centimetres of water con
taining larvae killed then In tnrec or
four hours. This. Is equivalent to about
tv.uity drops of oil In n gallon of wa
ter. As n matter of fact thie result
was usually obtained by less than this
amount of oil. Whether the destruc
tive action of the oil on the larvae I
due to some specific quality or whether
It obstructs respiration I am not nt
pusent able to say However1 I am In
clined to believe It Is the latter; fur
t'urmore emanations from the oil or
Its odor, or both, are particularly
ri-rugnant If not dangerous to tne full
Blown mosquito. Thero Is no doubt
that the best effect of the oil Is gained
by Introducing It to a considerable,
dipth under the water. In this way It
Is more surely brought In direct con
tnct with the larvae, particularly If
the water is agitated."
The small amount of petroleum re
quired to spread death among tne
colonies of larvae Is Indeed one of tho
most satisfactory results. It Is certain
that a solution ot twenty drops of
petroleum to n gallon of water will not
ho destructive to the vegetation of our
own rice and taro fields which arc un
questionably the principal local breed
irg places ot this pest. Every time the.
mosquito problem comes up lor dis
cission the point Is raised that lu or
der to be rid of the pest there must bo
u sacrifice of this Important agricul
tural Industry. These experiments of
Dr Holy pioe this Idta to be a false
InUer the local sstctn of Irrl-
ucitls. tho gnat centeis of mosquito
bleeding could be covered in a day.
With this pest us every other Or.
Uotj found It to be ub&olutely neces
sity that operations for extermination
mutt not be conliued to u single pond.
'I he work must be general to be ef
feillve. Clearing one pond accom
plishes little unless those adjoining lire
At the conclusion of his report l)r
Dot) makes u statement that seenib
entirely reasonable, and knocks Into a
cocked hat the local Idea that moa
,,.i!iiim ,.n im ,intrvr..i i,v ti... ,.,,...
g.itiou of frogs or lubects that food ou
the larvae. He says:
"In conclusion 1 feel Justified In say
tnv that the continued presence of trios-
qultocs In large numbers as a rule In
dliates defective drainage or in sonm
other way nn unsam.nry condition of
the Infested section.
"The suggestion that birds, dragon
Itles, etc., should be propagated for the
purpose of destroying mosquitoes Is
not entitled to serious consideration.
Such a theory Is a repudiation of mod
I'm sanitary methods and Is on a pur
with tho belief that exists In some
Central und South American cities that
vultures or buzzards should be propa
gated to act as scavengers, and to a
certain extent they are depended upon
tor this service. How fur this method
of public sanitation Is effective Is shown
by tho filthy und offensive condition of
i"c elites referred to,
''' mosquito can only be In ought1
about by tho strict enforcement of
modern sanitary regulations. The hope
that this can be . ' to .he people to
carry out by cooperation among them-sel-es
Is sure to end In disappointment.
"The responsibility of carrying out
this important work must rest with thu
municipal, Statu and Federal authori
ties .Municipal sanitary codes should
Include ntrlct i emulation, not only
against the existence of stagnant pools,
but nil forma of breeding places and
should empower sanitary officers to
employ such means us nre necessary
to protect tho public against t cse in
sects and when lequhed the applica
tion of oil should ji ninno under tnelr
rllicctlon. In order to make this work
uniform and efftttlve, tho cooperation
in cue anno anu reuerul autliorltles is
absolutely nccessaiy. Such uctlou
would be followed by thu most gratify
It Is easy for the peoiilo of Hawaii
to place full confidence in theso last re
merks. Dragon files, frogs and what
not that Is known to feed on mosquito
lat"ao or might possibly turn to this
fern", of food have been brought Into,
these Islands. .Mosquitoes steadily In
crcise. The tests mudo by eastern '
Kr'l ntfKta linvn linu.i uiifflr.fn.,41.. n..M '
. ......... .... . .. ,..., ax, oi., w, tl, ni(U-
ce.'hful us well as practical to warrant
activity of sanitary otllcers along the
s j mo lines.
For Sale at a Sacrifice
LOT 50x150 planted with
fruit trees, 300 feet from
Wilder Avenue. : : : : :
J. M. VIVAS
POST OPI-ICIi LANE.
: NEW IMPORTATION 3
'5 OF THE
BRADLEY and HUBBARD 3
PACIFIC HARDWARE CO., Ltd, 3
These goods were ordered from advance
sheets of the catalogue of the above manu
facturers, and are the latest In design and
Call early and mike ybur selections.
In addition to 'he iocoo feet of Oaiden
Hns htely received, the "Emily F. Whit
ney" brought us lo.cco ft. more, making
TWENTY THOUSAND FEET.
We have all grides, and our prices are
lower than ever quoted In this market.
Pacific Hardware Co.,
ClnI aKo !,
VARIETY OF STYLES.
It will pay you to Irmpcct our
Htock. I t I i t t
Merchant Street, between Fort und Alnkcu.
JBr I yu Inxpcct our Htock ot
Iwkt''' Window Shades
gJBi Lincrusta Walton and
MSi:$0 BE A US
' I. O. Box 838.
ISLAND ORDERS SOLICITED. SAMPLES UPON APPLICATION.
Style and Quality
unci the price Ik right.
Cnn you k more V
CHAS. F. HERRICK
CARRIAGE COMPANY, LIVHTED
IUB MERCHANT ST.
NEXT DOOR TO STANGENWALD BUILDING.
a,. Delivery Wagons
Light & Heavy
Deer and Wine Dealers.
Qonsalves & Co.,
AND WINE MERCHANTS.
22? Queen St., Honolulu. H. I
Kukul St., Near Nuuanu.
ON DRAUGHT AND IN BOTTLE.
opponlte the R. R. depot.
ON DRAUGHT AND IN DOTTLE.
Ryan & Dement
Also proprietors of the popular
anil after breakfast If you want to feel
good all a Nothing llko It to satisfy
Carbonntcil by tho
Soda Water Works Co., Ltd.
Sole Agts. for the Territory of Hawaii.
Don't forget that wo manufacture
Olnger Ale, Lemon Soda, Moot Deer,
Cream Soda, Sarsaparttla anil Iron
Office and Wor..s, 601 Fort Streets.
All OrtlcrH Promptly Filled.
HENRY ST. GOAR.
McmbcPK Stock und Bond
Edward Pollitz & Co.
AND DEALERS IN
Particular attention given to pur
chaso and cale of Hawaiian Sugar
Eastern and Foreign Stocks and
403 California St.,
, Sun FrnnclHCo, Oil.
W. C. ACHI & CO
Wo will Buy or Sell Real Estate in
all parts ot tho group.
We will Sell Properties on Reason
)FFICE. 10 West King Strei'i
To Let or Lease
A Fine House and Lot
on the makal side of Bcretanla street
between Pllkol and Keaumoku Sts.
The house has several rooms and all
233 MERCHANT STREET.
A. C. LOVEKIN
STOCK AND BOND BROKER
REAL ESTATE AND
FIN INC. AL AGENT
402 JUDD BUILDING
A. J. Campbell,
Stock nnd Bond Broker.
Member o( Honolulu Stock Exchange,
Office Queen Street, Opposite Union
MRS. W, L. EATON,
TEACHER Or MUSIC.
Tel., Blue 1903,
WILTON LODUB, PAWAA.
Has resumed teaching. Vacancies for
limited number nt nnnllo a...ini
terms for beginners or more than ouo
liiiim in a ramiiy. 1925-lw
Razors Honed and Set
Hawaiian Hotel Barber Shop.
FOR 15 CUNTS.
Architects, Contractors and Bullde.
Edward R. Swain,
tTANOENWALU BID, HOKOIUIU
J. F. RltEY,
Hoffman & Riley
P.O Bo icV
Geo. W. Page.
F. W. Deardslce.
P. O. Box 77S
Architects & Builder
Office, Rooms 24, Arlington Annex,
Honolulu, T, II.
Sketches and Correct Estimates fur
nlshed on Short Notice. 1441
OK ALL KINDS.
Dealers in Lumber and Coal.
Allen & Robinson,
Queen Street, Honolulu.
C WTRACTOR AND
Jobbing promptly attended to.
1. P. BBRTBLMAN'8
To rear of old stand. Entrance on
King street. Orders left at either shop
or office at John Nott's store, King
street, will receive prompt attention.
Lewis & Co.
Owing to the consolidation
of t'e brst Bscult Co's In
America, we can offer to Ihe
public the following choice
makes of biscuits
Bremers Cecelian Tea
" French Wafers
Full Line of
Give Us a Sample Order.
W. H. THONE, Proprietor,
When You Want a Rig
ItlNO UI' TUB
LIVERY BOARDING and
SALES STABLES, '
: ; : : : 518 fort street
Stable Vhone. 109 Main.
Hack Stand, Thones 319 and 72.
J. J. SULLIVAN.
Drays for Freight
Our reDresontatlvA mata aii ij.a.
ling steamers from the .Coast, and we
cuecu Dassage on all outgoing steam
. White wd Black Sand For Stir
Office with Evening Bulletin, 21
King street Tel. 86.
W. LABSEH, MTr.
FOR BALLAST !!:
f White and Black Sand
( In Quantities to Suit
RXCJVATINr, . MIlTOHM-pr,
SORAL AND SOIL FOR RAM.
Dump Carts furnished bj the Day on .
H. R HITCHCOCK
Merchant Street, With Coast Feed Co.
The Evening Bulletin, 76 cents net
.UttiJWW ?,Wr '&', i !" A.AfriWtoftd