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BVBNTOO BITI.LMTN, HONOLULU. H. T., SATURDAY, NOV. 30. 1901
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HEl Published Every Day Except Sunday,
P at 120 King Street, Honolulu,
P T. H., by tho
Wm BULLETIN PUBLISHING CO., LTD.
IflHft WALLACE H. FAIiniNOTON
! ---- --i
Entered at the Post Office at Hono
lulu as second-class matter.
Per month, nnywhero In U. S...$ .76
Per year, anywhere In U, S... 8.00
Per year, postpaid, foreign.... 13.00
Paynblo Invariably In advance.
Post Omce Do 718
.NOVEMBER 30, 1901.
Additional assurance that the Hono
lulu branch of the Pacific cable will b'c
laid In a few months Is the best news
Hawaii has received In many das.
Close telegraphic contact wfth the
business centers of the Mainland will,
do nearly ns much for Hawaii's pros
perity as annexation Itself.
The Immense gathering called out
by the Chinese Exclusion comentlon
In Snn Francisco and the unanimous .
fccntlmcnt In faor of the recnactment ,
of the law leaves no question of the
prevailing opinion of the Western
Coast on the Chinese labor problem.
Judging from reports of conversations
w Ith the President It seems rcasonabti
to believe that the advocntes of ex
clusion will have the forceful support
of the Chief Executive In his recom
mendations to Congress. "While this
prospect Is displeasing to local op
ponents of exclusion. It Is safe to say
that Hawaii will continue to prosper
Chinese or no Chinese, provided con
tinued protection Is granted the Island
OPPORTUNITIES IN HAWAII.
No question Is more frequently asked
rnd none Is harder to answer in a
Etncral way than: What are the op
portunities In Hawaii for a man think
ing of migrating to this new posses
sion? Thousands of such queries come to
the business men and officials of the
Territory In the course of n year. There
Is a prevailing opinion that the Islands
are un el dorado. Reports of men who
have made fortunes have traveled far
and wide and the failures are known
only to the men Intimate with the
business of the country.
To reply to the question In the gen
etal nay In which It Is usually put:
The opportunities In Hawaii are Just
as good as they are In any other por
tion of the United States and. taken
b and large, no better. Ability,
honesty, energy accomplish their In
evitable success here as elsewhere. Ha
wall offers no roynl road to wealth and
Its various lines of business enterprise
and professional pi act Ice aro so well
filled that competl'lan Is sharp, thui
making superiority tho secret of suc
cess. The man who sets out for Hawaii
en n prospecting trip with only enough
money to pay his fare and possibly a
few days board Is deserving of sympa
thy. Instances are not wanting where
men have come to the Ulands and
landed here without friends or money,
secured work Immediately and with
this small beginning worked their way
up to a competency and wealth. These,
ore exceptions that provo tho rule,
however, and are by no means safe
precedents to follow.
This Territory needs men of charac
ter but It offers no special favors to
THE SPECIAL EDITION.
The Bulletin publishes with this Is
sue an extensive and accurate descrip
tion of the sugar properties of the Tcr
ritory of Hawaii. In Its general scope
and method of compiling, this work U
more complete than has ever been at
tempted by newspaper or magazine
dealing with the leading Industry of
tho Islands. Every sugar plantation
of the Hawaiian Islands Is Included
and the facts given have Iicen obtained
by the Hulletln representative through
a personal Inspection of each property,
jiccompanled by the plantation man
ager. The descriptive articles given are en
tirely free from the "paid write-up"
features so common to the average In
dustrial edition. The only paid matter
Is to be found in Its proper place, tho
The purpose of this paper has been
to glvo reliable information to those
contemplating Investment or Interest
ed in knowing the size add import
ance of the leading Industry of tho
Islands. Attention has also been given
the railway properties and the moro
prominent coffco estates. These
articles liberally Interspersed with Il
lustrations serve to glvo the reader a
competent knowledge of the general
character of the lands tilled, methods
used by the various managers, water
supply, In fact all the details of pro
ductlon from the time tho cane U
planted till the raw sugar Is turned out
eady for transportation.
Hawaii sugar plantation managers
have the deserved reputation of having
developed their methods of sugar pro
ductlon to tho highest stato of perfec
tion, making two blades of grass grow
where none has been before. This
reputation has become so wldo spread
that the tendency has been towards
exaggeration. The Hulletln has aimed
to present the plain, unvarnished facts.
These facts show a wealth of energy
In overcoming difficulties as well as a
high degree of success In establishing
good paying properties, and abovo all
they provo to the most casual reader
how vital to Hawaii's continued pros
perity Is the protection now granted by
tho tariff law of the country.
Statistics frpm the Custom House
Bhow that this Territory Is one of the
largest purchasers In the Mainland
market. The prosperity enjoyed by
our people and the agricultural Indus
tries Is amply shared by the manu
facturers of the Mainland without
working an Injury to the sugar pro
ducers, either beet or cane, of the
States. It Hawaii has any fault It Is
that It purchases too much from the
Mainland. Capable of producing
oranges, lemons and nearly every fruit
and vegetable known, Hawaii buys
quantities of these agricultural pro
ducts In the markets of the western
coast. Its purchases of beef and meats
of all kinds In the markets of Califor
nia and the Northwest have become so
large that ocean liners are npw equip
ped with large cold storage facilities to
accommodate the trade of these Isl
ands alone. Mules, horses, cattle
nnd hogs arc constantly being Import
ed from the Mainland. Thus the far
mer ns well as the manufacturer do
rUcs a direct benefit from the progress
of this Territory that centralizes Its
activities in sugar. All the lumber
lined Is brought from the Mainland
and the only sizeable competition the sumption that the policy of protection
Iron manufacturers have Is to be found may be depended on as a stable quan
in the Honolulu Iron Works which, tlty, not to be reversed or tampered
though It Is one of the best equipped with except by the direct mandate of
to be found anywhere In the country, the people. That mandate has not up
Iiob not sufficient capacity to do all tho , to the present been registered either
work demanded by various local enter- at the polls or by the obvious drift of
prises. public sentiment. It is a theory car-
While Industrial centralization Is al-
wayg open ,u gevcro crmci8m it s cer.
tnln that the business leaders In this talnty to those whose financial Intcg
Tcrrltory hac made much of their i rlty Is threatened, and whose cond
one tnlent nnd offer Bafc fields forl'lcncc In the Integrity of Republican
Investment to those looking to the new j
growth has been gradual and is there-
Sclf-picscrvatlon Is the fiist law of
Industrial activity. For this reason
If no other the people of Hawaii,
whether sugar magnates or day labor
ers, strenuously oppose the proposal
to ndmlt Cuban sugars Into the Am
erican market free of duty. Compe
tition with the Immense product of
Cuba nt this time does not present a
question of reduced dividends for the
stockholders In Hawaiian plantations.
It Is n matter of practically absolute
loss of hundreds of thousands of dol
lats nil eady Invested.
Reciprocity with Cuba at this time
will have the same effect In Hawaii
that absolute free trade or tariff for
revenue would have on the arglcul
turnl and manufacturing Industries of
the United States. So far as this Ter
ritory la concerned Cuban reciprocity
will make the time honored protection
policy of the Republican party null and
void, a misnomer and a fraud.
Citizens of this Territory realize that
sooner or later Cuba will becomo a
part of the American Union with all
the privileges of trade which such a
condition gives. They are not dis
posed to oppose the policy of expansion
which places under the American Juris
diction those Island domains which,
from their proximity to our coast, ren
der them Important strategic points
and the natural object for American
consideration and guardianship. Ha
waii accepts the political destiny oi
Cuba, as a self evident truth.
Hawaii only seeks such temporary
delay In tho fulfillment of the Cuban
plan ns will enable It to set Its indus
trial house In order after the general
slinking up received from the changed
conditions forced by annexation.
The annexation of Hawaii gave its
people stable government and on as
sured market for their chief product.
but it revolutionized labor conditions,
especially on the plantations. This
was anticipated. Leading business
men were well aw-ure when they sought
annexation that the American owner
ship of the Islands meant the wiping
out of the contract labor system and
the exclusion of Chinese largely em
ployed on the sugar plantations. The
responsibilities of such a revolution
they were willing to assume with the
reasonable assurance that time would
be granted In which to adapt them
selves to new conditions. With a pro
tected market which they had every
icason to believe the Republican party
would continue and which has become
a settled national policy which no
political party has hitherto seen fit to
reverse or destroy, managers of our
chief industry are in a position to deal
with the new phases of the, labor
problem without seriously endanger
ing the prosperity of the Islands.
Temporary reduction of the
dividend paying capacity of Industrial
properties was anticipated and the on.
tlclpatlons have been realized. Im
mediately the plantation laborers, by
virtue of the application of the con
tract labor law, became free, a general
migration from one plantation to an
other began. The manager paying the
highest wages got the labor. Thus the
necessity for taking off the crop on
varlour estates and tho erratic move
ments of the laborers have resulted In
the doubling of wages on nearly all the
plantations. Instances are not lacking
where managers have been forced to
burn over fields ready for harvesting
because sufficient labor was not to ba
had at any price for the proper har
vesting of the cane that had reached
maturity. The planter has been forc
ed to choose between the loss occasion
ed by gathering the cane after It Is
burned or a total loss by leaving the
cane in the field to rot.
It Is not contended that this state
of affairs will long continue. But to
forte upon Hawaii now the additional
burden of competition that will reduce
tho price of Its sugar to one naif the
present figure while labor Is twice as
expensive and Insufficient to do tho
work required. Is merely to demnnd
that Hawaii shall burn its industrial
r-nmlla nt both ends with the Inevi
table result of widespread distress nnS
financial ruin to the small stockholder
Millions of dollars of American mon
ey ate Invested In the sugar proper
ties of these Islands nnd In tho mer
cantile and commercial pursuits de
pendent upon profitable sugar produc
tion. These Investments have been
made with tho full confldenco and be
lief that the Republican party would
keep faith In Its national policies
framed with the declared Intent of
fostering American enterprise nnd pro
moting tho welfare of American Indus
tries. It thus becomes a question of
whether the national legislators will
repudiate their declarations, check the
advance of properties built up through
a false confidence of a trusting people
and snread ruin bv the adontlon of the
'vMkksiV! fe&-faJteiLMJ &
reciprocity Idea which l'n this Instanco
Is nothing more or less than a covert
back door entrance to the much con
demned and well-proved retrograde
policy of free trade.
Hawaii asks no greater advantages
than those offered any other portion
of the United States. In Its relations
with Cuba It desires time to get on
its feet and approaches Congress with
the proposal that the Integrity of party
policies which have become national
In their scope shall be maintained.
Cane sugar proluctlon In these Isl
ands taken as a Whole Is of longer
standing nnd perhaps better establish
ed than the beet sugar Industry of tho
Mainland. Our Interests arc, however,
mutual as regards Cuban reciprocity.
Money has been invested, new proper
ties have been developed on the pre-
tying n doubt to tho minds of Its most
ardent advocates and a distressing ccr
principles must of necessity be lm
paired If not destroyed. Hawaii con
templates Cuban reciprocity with
much the same feeling that it would a
threatening vandal horde aiming to
rob its people of their carufngs, their
rources of livelihood and make of
their productive fields a barren waste,
CHINE8E ON DECREA8B.
Washington, Nov. 18. The Census
Uuieuti today Issued a bulletin show
ing tho distribution of Chlncso and
Japanese In the Western States and
Territories. It bIiows that of the 119,
050 Chinese returned at the twelfth
census, 25,767 were enumerated in
Hawaii; 311C In Alaska; 304 at mili
tary and naval stations abroad and
9S.S63 In the United bintca proper. Ot
the latter number, 67,729 wcro found
In the Western States nnd Territories,
distributed as follows: Arizona, 141'j;
California, 45,753; Colorado, 599; Ida
ho, 1647; Montana, 1iJ9; Nevada,
13o2; Now Mexico, 341; Oregon. 10.
397; Utah, 572: Washington, 3C29.
and Wyoming, 461.
Of the 86,000 Japanese returned in
1900, 61,111 were enumerated In Ha
waii, 279 in Alaska, 284 at military
and naval Btatlons abroad and 24,31 1
In tho United States proper. Of tti'j
latter number 23,376 were found In
the Western States and Territories,
Cnllfoinln leading with 10.151; Mon
tana, 2441; Oregon, 2501; Washington
The stntcment shows a general In
creaso of Japanese for the past ton
years and a decrease of Chlncso for
the samo time, although the change
In the Chinese Is not so widely dis
tributed. For 1890 the figures were
Nevada , . .
New Mexico ,
Oregon . . .
DECLARATION IS Ul.1t.
New York, Nov. 22. A special to the
Sun from Washington says: Tin
original copy of the Declaration of In
dependence Is no more. The stirring
text and signatures of the members ol
the Continental Congress have faded
sway. The precious document pre
served in the cabinet In the State De
partment library Is now practically
nothing more than a large sheet ol
parchment. Part of ...e words "Decla
ration Independence," which wns writ
ten In large letters, are decipherable,
hut nut a signature Is visible to the
naked eye. One haully discernible
Itroke of John Hancock's pen Is all
that remains of the bold and vigorous
autogiaph, which he purposely made
so large as to show the Ilrltlsh Govern
ment that he iad no fear of being
The Declaration Is preserved in a
narrow drawer, glass covered, which
slides In a steel safe with heavy double
doors, locked by a combination. After
Its removal to the State Department
from Independence Hall In Philadel
phia, where the National Congress held
Its session on July 4, 1776, the Declara
tion wns placed In a glass case and ex
posed to the view ot visitors. Owing
to the strong light to which It was sub
jected it began to fade, and It was re
moved to the case In which It Is now
preserved. This was several years ago.
Tho fading continued, however, until
now the noted document Is nothing
more, apparently, than a mere blank
sheet of paper.
BURTON GIVES LUAU.
John W. nurton, a most popular
memher of James Nelll's company who
has been sojourning In Honolulu dur
ing the past three weeks, believes that
nben a person is In Rome, he should
do as Romans do. Ordinarily Mr. Bur
ton Is a man of most regular habits,
always retires Immediately after a
stage performance and rises with the
lark. Since the advent of the Nell!
company, however, the guests of the
Hawaiian Hotel have enjoyed a seas&i!
of dances and festivities and several
of the more popular members of Mr.
Nelll's company have frequently been
serenaded late at night. The moon
light serenades have not been especial
ly in accordance with Mr. Burton's
exemplary habits but he Is determined
to out-Caesar Caesar and will give a
hum at the Hawaiian hotel next Tues
day morn 1 11. The following Invita
tion has been sent .out: "Wishing to
make u suitable return for tho many
unlet and peat cf ul nights I have spent
In Honolulu, I will gUa a luau and
muslcalo at my cottage G, I, lanal at
I n. in., Tuesday, Dec, 3d. All are In
vited. A Chinese orchestra will be In
JOHN W. BURTON."
P. S. You had better come for you
will all know that It Is'golng on. A
most enjoyable time is expected.
jfjopnia s.NiiaTina oninhah
eq) ) panon, Bt3pojod mol vU
Pacific Hardware Co., Ltd.
AFRESH INVOICE OF
direct from factory.
The Correct Vehicle for ladies' Driving !
Duplicate of Prizewinner, Paris Exposition, 1900.
Style, Comfort, Finish, Quality.
CHAS. F. HERRICK .
Ian Merchant 8t.t next
Great Book Sale
THE GOLDEN RULE
having to vacate premises on the first of the year, lias
determined to CLOSB OUT ENTIRE STOCK as nearly
as possible within the NEXT SIXTY DAYS. In order
to do this, and save cost of removal, we have made
A Sweeping Reduction in Prices
in Ail Departments from
20 to 50 per cent.
This reduction is not only on all old stock, but the very
latest things in Stationery and : : : : :
all new books
Nothing is reserved at this sale, and those who come
first will get fir t choice. We have just opened and
placed on our shelves OVER 2100 NEW BOOKS, and
these are al be sold at the same reduced prices.
Books published for $1.25, now go for jii.ooj $1.50
books go for $1 20, and all other books sold proportion
ately low. All Goods Sold for : : ,: :
J. M. WEBB, Prop.
NOTICE OF SALE !
The undersigned assignee of Ben. Guerrero offers ror sale the follow
ing, including tho good-will of tho grocery store heretofore doing business
under namo as abovo on Miller street, near Beretanla:
COMPLETE STOCK OF GROCERIES.
FIXTURES INCLUDING COUNTER, SHELVE8, ETC.
ICE BOX. CHEE8E SAFE.
IRON COMBINATION SAFE. ONE HORSE.
ONE DELIVERY WAGON.
The above will be sold at less than cost and a full description can be
tad of samo by calling on
H. F. LEWIS,
Assignee of Ben. Guerrero, at Lewis & Co., 1060 Fort Street.
Honolulu, October 19, 1901,
- SOLE AGENTS FOR -
DIAMOND HEAD GASOLINE
This Is put up In special heavy cases
nnd coated tins to, avoid waste and
The Best Cold Writer Point
nAQNITE PAINTINQ flACHINE
CARRIAGE CO., LTD.
to Stanflenwold Building.
, . & 1 "
Wm. Q. Irwin
Claus Spreckels & Co.
HONOLULU, I t T. H.
Ban Francisco Agents The Ne
vada National -Bank ot Ban Francisco.
8n Francisco The Nevada Na
tional Bank of Ban Francisco.
London The Union Bank ot Lon
don, Ltd. ,
New York American Exchange Na
Chicago Merchants' National Bank.
Paris Credit Lyonnals.
Berlin Dresdner Bank.
Hongkong and Yokohama Hong
kong-Shanghai Banking Corporation.
New Zealand and Australia Bank
ot New Zealand.
Victoria and Vancouver Bank ot
British North America.
Deposits received. Loans made in
approved security. Commercial and
Travelers'.Credlts issued. Bills of Ex
change bought and Bold.-,
Collections Promptly Accounted For.
BISHOP & CO.
Transact a General Banting
and Exchange Business.
Commercial and Travelers'
Letters of Credit issued, available
in all tho principal cities of the
Interest allowed after July 1,
1898, on fixed deposiU 7 day
notico 2 per cent, (thu form will
not bear interest unless it remains
undisturbed for on? month), 3
months 3 per cent., 0 months 3 1-2
per cent, 12 months 4 per cent
Pioieer Boildiig aid Loai
A88ET8, JUNE 3j, 1901, 180,043-37.
Money loaned on approved security,
A Saving Bank for monthly deposits.
Houses built on the monthly Install
Twenty-third Scries ot Stock Is now
OFFICERS J. L. McLean, Presi
dent; A. A. Wilder, Vice President;
O. B. Gray, Treasurer; A. V. dear,
DIRECTORS J. L. McLean, A.
A. Wilder, A. V. Gear, C. B. Gray,
J. D. Holt, A. W. Keech, J. A. Lyle,
Jr., J. M. Little, 1). S. Boyd.
A. V. GEAR,
Ofllce Hours; 12:301:30 p. m.
BISHOP Sr CO.
Savings Deposits will be
received and Interest allowed by the
Bank at four and one-half per cent
Printed copies ot the Rules and Reg
ulations may be obtained on applica
tion. OOlce at bank building on Merchant
BISHOP ft CO.
The Yokohama Specie Bank
Subscribed Capital.... Yen 24,000,000
Paid Up Capital Yen 18,000,000
Reserved Fund Yen 8,610,000
HEAD OFFICE, YOKOHAMA.
The Bank buys and receives for col
lection Bills of Exchange, Issues Drafts
and Letters of Credit, and transacts a
general banking business.
On Fixed Per cent
Deposit. Per annum.
For 12 months i
For 6 months 3)
Wtt 4 mnnlhi t
Branch of the Yokohama Specie Bank.
New Republic Bid., Ill King Street
ATTRACTIONS FOR THIS SEASON
Wherover novelties, rare luxuries
for your table, were to be found, tho
delicacies of all climates, they have
been purchased and forwarded to Ho
Whatever was new for your table,
your cooking, tho little conveniences
foi your kitchen, your bath-room, your
Hero you'll find the rarest soans.
brushes and bath accessories; all that
is lato and new in the world of fash
At this season we are receiving new
Preserves, Bon Bois
Bofley Cake, Figs
Lewis & Co.
240 Three Telephones 240.
1060 Fort Street.
A. C. LOVEKIN
STOCK AND BOHD BROKER
REAL ESTATE AND
4Q2 JUDD BUILDING
.i fciKiSW u,. .JiiuL, . ,
Architects, Contractor and Builder '
Edward R. 8waln.
STAROSRWAID SID., NONOIVIU
i. F. RILEY.
Hoffman & Riley
O. Bot lit
Geo. W. Page.
F. W. Beardale.
P. O. Box 771
BBARDSLBB Ok PAQB
Architects and Builders.
Office, Room 2-4. Arlington Annex.
Honolulu, T, H. '
Sketches and Correct Estimates tar
nished on Short Notice.
OF ALL KINDS.
Dealers in Lumber and Coal.
Queen Street, Honolulu.
Jobbing promptly attended to.
Mr, Chas. Lake,
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER
for brick and wooden buildings, als
Office and residence, 312 Queen at,
near Government building.
M. F. BERTELMA1V8
18 - MOVBD
To rear ot old stand. Entrance oa
King street. Orders left at either shop
or omce at jonn Nott'a store, King
street, if 111 receive prompt attention.
Beer and Wine-Dealer.
The BROOKLYN SALOON
Between Merchant and Queen.
W. M. Cunningham. Jno. 8chaefer.
Kukul 8t, Near Nuuanu.
ON DRAUGHT, AND IN BOTTLE.
Gon salves & Co.,
AND WINE MERCHANTS.
22? Queen St.. Honolulu. H. I
opposite the R. R. depot.
ON DRAUGHT AND IN BOTTLE.
Ryan & Dement
Also proprietors of the popular
The pure Juice of the grapefruit The
most healthful, Invigorating and re
freshing fruit preparation known.
RING UP TEL. MAIN 71.
Soda Water Works Co,,
Sole agents for the Territory ot Ha
wall. Office and Works, 601 Fort St.,
Honolulu, T. of H.
P. O. box 462. Island order solicited.
The Fountain I
MINERAL AND SODA WORKS. .
Ginger Beer, Birch Beer, Hire's Root
Beer, Cream Soda, Wild Cherry, Or
ange, Raspberry, Strawberry, 8arsapa
rills, Vanilla Cream, Lemon, Ginger
Ale, Apple Cider, Pineapple, Peach
Champagne, Orange Champagne, Koln
Champagne, Pear Champagne, Cider '
and Soda Cocktail.
Mineral Waters Carlsbad. Con.
gresa, L'lthla, German Mineral Water,
tteiuer, vicny ana pure Distilled Wa
ter from the Barnsttad Sill, Boston,
for family and medical use a specialty.
'Brews and Aerated Water, 50c per
doz. Distilled Water In 3-gallon dam. .
IJohns, 10c per gallon and 60o charge
on d.emlJohn until returned.
Primary, Secondary or Tertiary Blood Poison
PtrauMtlj tmn4 Tm mb to trMttJ tt toM wier
Mb nWMlj If rB Mil mttmrjt MM Ub
MC Mill kf Will W4 MUH rltkM U Be)Mlb
tr TtwU, nlM, CFr Clr4 VUt
mf u f to to. Hair m tjWM fclllaf . writ
COOK REMEDY CO.
101 llxli tMiU.ni.mlll.lKk.rnn. Cat.
USIM.ttt. WtMlWIIUnMt MImI mm.. Wha .
amuiiwiwiuiiMiin, ige-no Mk rtM. i