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nVENINO DULLETIN; HONOLULU, It. T., FRIDAY. JAN. 31, 1952.
: LOW PRICES :
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A better grade, fast black stocking,
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to-i Nuuanu itrttt
Temperance Workers Sound
And Decry Liquor Traffic
The business men's meeting In con
nection with-the temperance work of
yesterday, was held in the assembly
hall above Castle & Cooke's at I p. in.
The hall was well filled, K. J. Lowrey,
presiding, opened the meeting with a
few remarks relative to the saloon
question and what action would be
taken In the future regarding It. He
stated that the employers of labor were
anxious to know what action would b
taken. The most Important address of
tho afternoon was by Governor Dole
on the position of the government.
Governor Dole's Talk.
Governor Dole said In pate: "1 some
times feci In thinking ovr the liquor
question nnd of the earnest work of
the temperance rcformcis and of their
knowledge of the Injury which liquor
does to men, and the Indirect Injury
which It does to women and children,
that if the members of tho Anti-Saloon
League or the W. C. T. C. could have
an opportunity to run the government
for about three or six months, I am
confident that they would havo a prac
tical knowledge of this subject which
would be worth much to them. You
all know about composite photographs.
It seems to me the liquor legislation Is
tho composite opinion of the whole
tlng community. It Is a compromise
or an ngrecment, the best which can
be reached from time to time In which
tho radical reformer, those who with
to have free liquor, thoso favorable to
some restriction or control those who
nro neutral or exercise somo negative
Influence through their votes, people of
all opinions, this Is the composite re
sult of their opinion through tho bal
lot. Liquor Is out of the category of
rcncrnl merchandise, and some believe
It rmist be under the control of what
Is called the police power, as are other
substances regarded as dangerous.
Agree on Restrictions.
They agree to certain restrictions and
such control as shall safeguard the
community. I think he docs not go
farther than that. In other words, he
objects to the control of liquor that la
based on moral grounds, because he
says he has as much right to decide
that question for himself as any on
o.1. Whether he Is right or wrong,
for tho present emergency, makes very
little difference. The fact Is, the ques
tion Is not decided by right or wrong,
but by political power. I don't see how
a minority of voters, no matter what
their character Is, no matter how high
their principles, I don't see how It la
possible for them to compel the ma
jority when tho majority docs not
want ta be limited In the uso of liquor.
Minority Can't Rule.
It never has succeeded. In some cases
liquor laws have been passed which do
not represent the majority, bavo been
passed without the majority knowing
it, or by strong pressure on the Legis
lature when the question did not pre
sent any consideration during the cam
paign. Hut such laws have generally
fatted. I wish there were some liquor
men hero this afternoon, and It Is mj
opinion some of them ought to hav
been on the list of speakers. I think
Mr. Deo or Mr. Ned Macfarlane could
have spoken Informatively on the ques
tion from their standpoint.
Saloon Is an Evil.
"Tho saloon Is an evil, nnd yet we
cannot In a hasty manner condemn the
saloon-keepers altogether. The govern
ment Is as much to blame as they. The
government obtains n revenue from tli
Bale of liquor. Under the laws It must
protect the public and protect the
business Interests of such saloonkeep
ers as are furnished with licenses. Un
der some laws the government has no
discretion whatever and cannot refuse
n llcenso because If tho government
docs refuse somo licenses the courts
will compel them to be Issued. So you
see, the law and the courts nnd the
cxecutlvo arc In tho business, and 1
think It Is a waste of words to say tho
responsibility for tho evil Is entirely
with the saloon-keeper. No man Is re
sponsible for the whole of It. and every
man who goes to a saloon to buy a
glass of liquor or orders a case of wine
from a wholesale liquor house, or who
telephones to his grocer for a bottle ol
sherry, which must bo obtained from
tho saloon, Is doing wrong as much as
the liquor seller. I nm satisfied I have
painted n discouraging picture. 1
know you have asked mo what Is the
remedy for this evil. They aro two:
Ono cannot act Immediately, but wtll
take time; It will act gradualis
ts temperance education.
Educating the Children.
"I believe that If In the time of the
old Washtngtonlan movement the re
formers had put their time In educat
ing the school children and tho mattct
had been pressed, the nbuso of liquor
would now hnvo been very far below
w hat It Is. I do not know of any plan
of campaign which Is more logical than
to do that. Wo nrc doing something
of this nature In the government
schools. We have a book deoted to
the subject I have looked It oer and
find It Is good. I nm conscious that the
effectiveness of tho book will depend
upon tho Interest which the teachers
take In the subject.
Local Opetion Wanted.
"Another thing for us to do. which
I think will have Immediate effect, Is
local option. We hao no law for It. 1
wish wo had. Tho gocrnment adopts
the principle now to a certain extent In
regard to the applications for licenses.
Where we find a community dots not
want a saloon then we act accordingly.
Sometimes government ofllcers nro re
quested to canvass a district to obtain
the sentiment of the community rela
tive to an application. I hope we will
hnvo a local option, and that such will
authorize women to vote. (Applause.)
"Another thing to do for the Immedi
ate amelioration of the question Is the
high license. In Honolulu the number
of saloon licenses are limited to
eighteen. Formerly tho number was
fourteen, but It wns deemed advisable
lately to Increase tho number. This
gives tho saloon-keper a sort of mo-1
nopoly. Tho advantage to the govern- j
ment Is this. We are able to select the
class of men to hold licenses, men who '
aro responsible and recognize their re
lations with tho government. I have
had several meetings with the liquor
dealers and talked the matter over
with them frnnkly, and they under
stand that If they transgress, their li
censes will not be renewed when they
run out. I think tho limitation of the
number of licenses udvnntagcous In
Good Cheap Liquors.
"Another point Is to give the drink
ers liquor of n low alcoholic strength
at a cheap rate. This has been experi
mented up In light wine and beer sa
loons. They aro orderly ns n rule,
where people can go and have alo and
wines of a light strength.
"Another plan I would rely upon Is a
substitute for the liquor saloons. A
great many pciplo In Honolulu, work
ing men recently come to the city, havo
no homes, no place to go; there Is little
amusement for them where they can
relax after the labors of the day. A
saloon with its light, cleanliness, social
features, smoking and hilarity attract
them. To offset this there should bo a
resort alongside it. furnished in like
manner so that even there tho men
may have an opportunity to find some
relaxation. It Is not drink that men
go Into the saloons for. It Is tho so
ciability they find there. But afte.' en
joying the hospitality of the saloon
keeper, they do not feel like lcuvlng
without buying something.
"I wish you to tnkfl what I say In
good faith. I have had an opportunity
to study the liquor question. I am not
ashamed to say the government Is In
the business, and Is responsible to n
large extent. The liquor sellers aro tho
agents of tho government. I believe It
is right and beneficial for tho temper
nnco reformers In this broad way to
recognize these facts accordingly."
From Business Standpoint.
W. A. Uowcn spoke on tho subject,
"Our Liquor Problem from a Business
Standpoint." He stated that the sub
ject naturally divides Itself Into two
departments as follows
First "Our Liquor Problem," with
emphasis upon the "Our." We take It
that this affords opportunity briefly to
develop, or state, our local situation,
both ns to Increasing nnd decreasing
Second "From a Business Point ol
View." Here, wo understand, we arc
expected to present tho view that may
properly be taken from the standpoint
of general business.
Hern the speaker quoted from official
leports showing a total Importation of
$273,289 worth of malt liquors, distilled
KPlrlts and wines for six and a hall
months ending December 31, 1900 nnd
six months ending June 30, 1901,
On August 1, 1S9C. there were retail
saloons In our Islands, viz.: In Ilono
lulu, spirits, IS; other Islands, spirits,
flc ;total, 23. Five years later, to
October, 1901, licensed saloons had In
creased to 18 In Honolulu, 15 In Maul,
17 In Hawaii, 7 In Kauai, nnd 1 In Mo
lokal, mnklng a total of 8S.
What Government Receives.
Mr. Uowcn referred to a remark
made by Collector Stackablc that "the
Increase In the Importations of liquor
lb not keeping pace with the Increase of
our population." In view of this state
ment, would It then be fair to ask
"Can It rightly be legnrded that tun
large Increase' In number of saloons I
In order to keep pace with tho Increas
ing thirst of former consumers?"
Tho gocrnment was leeching from
32 wholesale licenses at $r,uo, 3S spirit
retailing licenses nt $1000, 50 light wine
and beer licenses at $250 anj one brew
ery license at $150, the total sum of
$CC.G50 per annum.
The next point dwelt upon by tho
speaker wns the Increase In number ol
dealers who pay a special tnx to the
Federal Government and then he came
to the Increase In drunkenness.
There were 200S cases of drunkenness
In 188(1-7: 2192 In 189S-9. and 2281 In
1900. nnd In these enses there were
1802 convictions In 189G-7. 2078 In 189S
9, and 2183 In 1900. There were mora
rases of drunkeness during the one
year 1900 than during either of the two
preceding- biennial periods an In
crease of more than 100 per cent. Tho
convictions for drunkenness In Hono
lulu alone numbered 1815. There Is
very little drunkenness among the
Portuguese and Asiatics. About nine
tenths of It, Including all the enormous
Increase of 1900, Is among the Hnw.v
Hans and other races.
Injures Nerve Tissue.
The physical aspect was taken up
nnd authorities quoted to the effect
that great Injur' was done. Then
came tho mental aspect during the dis
cussion of which the speaker said: "All
alcohol nnd nil things of an alcoholic
nature. Injure the nerto tlssuo pro
tempore, If not altogether.
Touch not; Handle Not.
Mr. How en decided that drinking
does undermine the character nnd dl3
turbs the peace of the home. It also
affects other Industries. In conclusion
the speaker said there was only one
safe principle. lz.: "Touch not. taste
not. handle not." Finally there wcro
hut two questions:
First, to the consumer "Whereforo
spend ye your money for that which Is
not bread? And your labor for that
which sntlsflcth not?"
Second, to tho dealer "What shall
It profit a man If he shall gnln the
whole world and lose his own soul?"
K, W. Campbell spoke on tho sub
jeet: "Heredity as Belated to tho
Liquor Habit." In starting out. tho
speaker said his opinions were the re
suit of careful observations and ex
periments made In tho Interest ol
science and for tho same purpose as the
analysis and ph) Biological action ol
any other drug Is made.
Against Abuse of Alcohol.
From both a physiological nnd so
ciological standpoint, tho verdict Is
unanimous against tho abuse of alco
hol. It Is acknowledged as a drug but
as far as science can determine. It pos
itively has no uso In tho dally llfu of
a healthy man. Sclenco has conclu
sively proven It as a reduction of men
tal capacity duo to deterioration of
brain tissue, Dr. Clouston classifies
tho various forms of dipsomania as:
1. Belated to the developmental and
retrogressive crises such as adoles
cence, the' stage between tho ages of
15 and 25. and tho climacteric or
"change of life."
2. In persona who Inherit n brain
tending to functional disease such as
3. Following gross Injuries, such as
a blow on tho head or sunstroke.
4. Developing from excess In drink
Drunkenness a Neurosis.
Drunkenness Is a neurusU nnd takes
Its placo In tho family trco of disease
alongside of Insanity, epilepsy and the
like. It may crop up heru and (hero
lu a family in whoso members there
nro many neuropathic disorders, or It
may be the first evidence of a tainted
Mock, and Initiate n series of gross
pilhologlcal conditions In the Individ
ual and In tho family, or It may be
what many people consider all drunk-
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(Continued on page C.)
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Manager for Hawaiian Islands. JUDD BUILDING.
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The Washington Times of January 12 publishes the following special dispatch under San Francisco
Chairman Kennedy of the Republican Territorial Executive Committee, and manager of the Honolulu
Iron Works, on being Interrogated touching the politics and Internal affairs of Hawaii, spoke as follows:
, "The poltllcal affairs of the Territory of Hawaii are in confusion. I he annexation of tnese Islands was ac
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"The appointment of ex-Prcsldent Dole as Governor was a mistake. He had estranged the entire na
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