Newspaper Page Text
" aiapj "v?. "" """" " T
SUNDAY nUM-CTlN, HONOLULU, II. T., SUNDAY, MAUCH 9. 190J.
What is Tomas Estrada Pnlnin, the Cuba Is too poor, cvei II It had tlio
first President of tlio now Hopubllc of '. to Indulge In any such ostenta
tion, la the sensible summary of Pros
Cuba, going Jto do for hla country?
President I'alma realizes thai tho
weal or woe of Cuba Is dependent on
tho attitude of the United States to
ward It. If the Congress of the
United States w.111 gle the Cuban
people a satisfactory tarlll law. one
that will allow of a reciprocal ex
change of commodities between the
two nations, the welfare of Cuba Is
assured. He also relies on liie pro
gressive spirit of the American people
to help the Island along. He wants
to make conditions In Cuba such that
American settlers and American" cap
italists IU b.att ranted to the most
fertile land In thVwofldTTrud by their
enterprise and activity stimulate the
satires to shake off their bonds ot Ig
norance and sloth.
Although Senor Talma Is a Cuban.
and one who has suffered for bis lovu
of country by Imprisonment in a
Spanish dungeon, he is almost as
much aiTAmerlcan. Kor nearly thirty
years he has been a resident of the
United States, and In that period has
neter set foot on Cuban soli. His
home das been at the little village ol
Central Valley, N. Y.. where he has
been conducting a school. Them ha
will remain until spring, when he will
.. . j-I .. . ...
go 10 uuua UJ assume mo cuurgi
ttie (Sukd's affairs.
- Simplicity the Rule.
Simplicity Is to be. the kenotc 01
tho new President's rule. The gor
gcons nslforms and other Insignia of
rank with which Agulnaldo sought to
Above all, sas President Palma, Un
people of Cuba must be educated. Un
til that has been accomplished, ho
does not look for any delcded Initia
tive on their part. The public school
system of the United States Is tho
model that the President has In i-s
mind, and he hopes to Introduce It In
the Island. That Is a work that will
take years, but he believes It Is one of
utmost Importance to the Cubans.
Palma. who may be fairly called the
(larlbatdl of Cuba, was born July !.
1835, In the tqwn of Daynmo, in Santi
ago Province, Cuba, He seems to
have been an ardent revolutionist
from his boyhood.
Palma Kept at Home.
"My mother did her best to keep ma
from becoming Involved In the rebel
lious movement that was always on tbu
point of bursting Into flame, during ray
youth," he said recently to n friend
who had called to congratulate him on
his election. "My father died when 1
was very young, and my mother kept
me In the bouse as much us possjble.
She realized that It was necessa-y to
my well being to allow me to have as
sociates of my own age. but these
were compelled to come to the house
to see me. I was not allowed to go to
them. This confinement had the nat
ural effect of making me wildly desir
ous of getting away from home con
trol, and when I was 15 years of age I
was In Havana, studlng hard to no-
' quire nn education. Soon afterward
I , .....l . ..., t..r .... nHt... .l,l. .1
,II,.ll,,lh l,lm.utf l IV.. Pl.lll,.ln.. luu"u "" "" " .,,.... "" "
"fcMiAMI . I (tract nufntt, in mnnlpn nmt mnl hnf-lt
,.. .......- w ..H..ri' , ...... ..
that tlie Spanlaids grant our demands
for Ipiprovlng the government of thu
Island. Kalllng to obtain recognition,
we became more active, nnd our meet
ings gradually took the form of gath
erings In which the Spaniards were
defied, nnd measures considered for
the overthrow of their power. 1 was
then 'Jl! yenrs of nge, nnd those who
vj.oro with me In the reform party
were joung men of nbout the same
Ten-Year War Begins.
"The die was cast In ISfiS. when wo
threw ilon 11 the enco to rinaln. tin.,
ih,. i.n.. .., i.-ai, t .. n.n tunltles to make swift dashes at
one of the leaders In the newly form
eil legislative body. We were known
will find no Imitator In President Pal
ma. He has lived so long in this coun-
, to Haynmo."
try tbnt he has a proper contempt for At tuiB very time me leeiing against
such meretricious trappings, even II , "pain hnd culminated to such a pitch
be were not a man of too much good that the Cubans demanded relief from
tense to use them. The door of the
White House of Cuba will be as open
as the door of the White House In the
United States Is to any reputable cltl
ten. There will be none ol the pomp
of klule which the Republics of ('ini
tial nnd South Ameriui delight In.
the oppression of Its rule, and In
many parts of the Island rebellion had
already broken out. The feeling In
llaliimo was acute and Sonor Palma
iast his lot In with the discontented.
"We organized n reform parly, '
said Senor Palma. "and demanded
effort was made to save anything.
Kncli man applied the torch to his own
house. All was left to burn, and
thenceforth we moved mound, those
of us who were fighting men of the
Cubans, from village to village, from
forest to forest, nnd from hill to hill,
harassed by the Spaniards, sometimes
harassing them In our turn. The I'.rlt-
lull wonder nt the length of time tue
war has lasted in South Africa. Why,
we were able to maintain our tight
with Spain for ten years
"I was elected President while wo
were In the forest watching for oppor-
Spaniards. The only difference the
new dignity made to me waB that the
I -vould not return to Cuba while she live there are entltely reconciled to
groaned beneath the Spanish
nnd I have kept my vow, Tor 1
never set foot on Cuban soil
that day to this.
"I luino to Amerlrn In July,
yoke, the present condition of affairs. All "There will be no mercenary per-
have enmity has been forgotten. Spaniard sons engaged In the work of recon-
as delegates, and our duties were the t,"om' m more nxlous than before
name as my duty was when 1 after..'0 cawure mo' ror ,ny ln"Knl ,n"
ward became Presldcnt-to fight the wllh tbc lo,", of ' chl(ff executive of.
Spaniards. There was no time or oc
casion for legislative debates. We
were soldiers in the field, and knew
not at what moment wn should bu
called upon to fight for our lives.
"llayamo, my home town, was the
first to feel the vengeance of Spain.
The Spanish soldiers descended upon
us like an avalanche, as It wns hoped
that the Insurrection woiinl he stamp
ed out by crushing at one blow- thu
hornets' nest of the patilots. This at
tack by the Spanlaids provoked what.
In my estimation was the most patri
otic action performed by thu Cubans
In alt their struggle with Spain. Almost
all were fairly well off, for the town
was an old one, nnd the Cubans living
there loved It as a man loves tho
home of his forefathers. Hut It would
not do to leave this garden spot for
the onromlng regiments ot Spain, and
so we did ns the Hussions did when
Napoleon marched on Moscow wo
burned the town, leaving only black
ened ruins where the Spaniards ex
pected to And food and shelter.
Spain's Yoke Too Heavy.
"It shows how deep-rooted was the
pntiiotlc sentiment In fnvor of Know
ing off the joke of Spain, when 1 say
that not one dissenting voice was
raised when It wns proposed to hum
our homes and retire to the woods. No
fleer the Cuban army would disband
This meant that there was little rest
for me. When wo were not attacking
Spaniards they were fiercely Hinting
us, with the Intention of killing or cap
turing the man who had been elected
President, and who had declared that
slavery wns at an end In Cuba and the
Taken Prisoner at Night.
"The put suit became closer and
closer, and nt last, during a night at
tack, our sentries were rushed, and 1
wus taken prisoner In the melee that
followed. This was In 1S77. The war
had been corrled on for nine years.
I was taken first to Havana and then
to Spain, where I'was Imprisoned In
n castle. I wus treated with every
consideration by the Spaniards. Stor
ies that 1 was carried to Spain In
chalet nnd treated with gleut cruelty
uic iiulte untrue,
"I left Cuba n prisoner, hut with tho
hope that the .war would be continued
to the death for the freedom of the
I inple. Kiglitlrig wns kept up for a
enr after I wus captured, nnd ended
will, the treaty of 7-nnJon. The Span
Inrdp xgreed to certain leforms, and
promised to return nil pioperty to
those who would come back to their
h lines. I wns released Horn pilson
In Spain, but I leglstered a vow that
from and Cuban are alike desirous of seeing
the land rich with bountiful harvests.
1878, There Is room for all, and Immigration
stayed n few months In the United will be encouraged. Americans win
States and then accepted the offer of bo welcomed, and the fraternal feel
the President of Honduras to become Ing that exists between the Cuban and
Postmaster (lenernl of that country, the United States will be strengthened
I wns five yeais In this position, und i""' fostered,
then returned to the United States, I "My first effort will be directed to-
hi-lnirimr ulili nu mv ulfe. whnm I Imil ward the establishment of schools
mariled In Honduras. I established tnrougnout tne isianu. 1 want every
n' school for South American boys In Cuban child til lie educated. Hcmcm-
Central Valley, nnd have lemalned r. I have lived nearly thirty years
heie since. I shall go to Havana In In America: I am an American citizen,
the spring, taking with mo pnrt of my aai I know the value of American ed-
family. The older boys will remain national Institutions. 1 shall try to
hero to finish their education." 'establish In Cuba a system of public
Cuba's New Conditions. education Imltar to that of America,
.... ' At am we shall have to Bend our
as to me prospects 01 iuua unuer
thencw conditions thnt face it, Benor
Palma has not a shadow of doubt. He
realizes that the work of recount ruc
tion In the Island Is a difficult one, and
that It must be undertaken slowly. On
all that pertains to this work ho Is
willing to talk, but with the under
standing that these arc merely bis
personal views and a realization ot
the fuct that whatever Is done In Cuba
must be done by tho Congress of tho
"We tire In the position." snld Senor
Palma, "ol a man trying to build up
u business that has been milled by
bad management. There uie debts to
be paid. They wilt he puid In time.
but time must bn allowed. Much has
been mnde of the fact that money Is
1I110 the Cuban soldiers. They will all
be paid If they wait until the country
Is In u position to pay them, nnd they
lire (iilte willing to wait. Nothing Is
mote certnln than that the Cuban poo
pie are nulled and happy. They will
make any sacrifice, obey any call up
on their patriotism and suffer any
thing In older thut their beloved (run
try. which, nrter firty J ears of wretch
edness, they see now prngicsslug tO'
ward piospeilty, may be benefited.
Enmity Is Forgotten.
"There nie no disturbing eleinents
on the Island. The Spanlnids who
teachers here to acquire the know I
ed necessary to fit them for such
positions In Cuba, but in time- we
thill be able to hate our own teach
No Pomp or Show.
' f Intend to encourage an unosten
tatious beginning In the matter of
1-lnlAthe ceremonies. We have no
(ti(lr for pomp or show In Cuba. You
huw we live here. I have no wish
to ;nt on style. Neither hao my wife.
We value the honor of being chosen
b th Cuban people for tue high of
fice of chief executive, but wa do not
wleotiK! the new life. It Is a sacri
rlee we make for Cuba, to leave our
qult home In Central Valley, where
our children have been born and
bought up, to live In Hnv.tua.
'There will be no high Mote In tho
HK-vutlve house at Havana. Even If
I wished to surround myself with
body guaids and a regal following, the
country Is too poor to support any
s'l- h useless ornamentation. 1 shall
set the example of economy by man
aging the affairs of the Island with tho
very last assistance possible. There
will li" no paid army In Cuba. The
nearest approach to an army will bo
a volunteer system or village guards
fm loeal police duty or whatever they
1111 be called upon to do.
structlon In Cuba, for only patriots
will be allowed o take part In that
sacred task. It will be considered an
honor to be allowed to lay one brick
In the foundation of the building that
will be reared on tho ground devastat
ed by Spain, but now happily In the
possession of Its rightful owners. Tho
Cubans are thankful to the Americans
for what they havo done and earnest
ly hope they wilt not allow tho sacri
fices made to be rendered useless by
falling to sec In tho right lino the
present needs of the hland. Wo want
Americans to feel that Cuba la for
them os well as for the Cubans, In the
sense that they will be. welcomed
there; that they will be urged to
come over and Invest their money In
the fertile fields that1- -under proper
management, must yield such Im
"The almost prohibitive duty on Im
ports to this country from Cuba must
be cut down at least 50 per cent, If
the Cuban scheme of reconstruction Is
to be a success. This will ho the
country to which our goods must
come. With the duty wall lowered so
that we can get our goods over with
out breaking our necks In the effort,
we shall be a long way toward thu
goal nt which we are aiming. II
Americans have any lingering doubt
about the wisdom of n policy of reel
pro'cltjHr Should be -removed- juhen I
say that we shall be only too glad to
have them come over to Cuba and es
tablish themselves In an Island thnt
for fertility and richness of soil Is
without a superior In the world. We
want them to share Cuba with us. as
they have a right to do, In return for
the sacrifices made.
"Look nt what we have done so
far. The sugar mills have been re
stored In such a way that from 60.000
tons of sugar made In 1S99. the milts
have been able to turn out 100,000
tons. There Is unlimited room for
cattle randies, coffee plantations, to-
bacco farms nnd sugar mills. Thu
work will be begun from the ground
i -T--. f.T.T.T-'iJi
' v-jiawttuiv ..'..
-l ; - ' ,
. . vxvvv vi S vVIH 1
VL . L' J --Iliv .J "tlT ' ' '-- " --
Legal Decisions of Interest
To Both Lawyers and Laymen
-1 j n
;r .',.- 1 1 n 'l
ss '5SrtTVr.-22J:i.,r w i. 1 " -C .4 ,
'IE uklf "-l :fe w .$
THE IMPERIAL YACHT H0HENZ0LLERN AT KIEL
Here Is n picture of the nontlug pnlnce nn which Prince Henry In to i.ik
Ids headquarters during his visit to America, The kulser's yncbt, which be Is
sending over for bis brother's use. Is ns big ns u worship or nn ocean liner.
She has been elaborately lllled and furnished for the occasion.
HUMOR OF THE DAY
"De reason some of us doesn't git
along." snld Uncle Kben, "Is dat w
sits down dieamln' of automobiles
when we orter be pushln' a wheelbnr
rur." Washington Star.
"My dear, aie you reeling any bet
ter?" asked her fond niothef.
. "I dunno." replied Dolly. "Is tho Jel
ly all gone?"
"Well. I think I um well enough to
get up now." Tlt-Illts.
Sue llrette I seo they have named
a cigar after your leading man,
The .Manager Well. I hope tu gra
cious It will draw better than lie does!
"How do you like my new waist?
she toyly asked.
"Very pietty." Indeed." he answered;
"but I see a wrinkle In It that I will
press out, If you will let me." Sonier
"Do mull dut suc( ceils." said Uncle
Kben, "is de one dat has do gilt to git
up every moiiiln' tin' put ditto mnlil.s
under his New Ycur lumilutlun."
Minister I am soiry I didn't see you
at church yesterdny. Tuinnias.
Tiimmas Week you see. It was rlc
can a wet day It wfsna lit tnu turn not
a dog In. Hut I sent the wife, sir.
was I suffering agonies trying on that
dress you liked so much. Life.
"Your daughter,'' said the principal
of the fiiKhlonable Heniinury. "stands
well in her studies, but she lacks the
ei Hnvolr vlie which our ntliei
"Well." said Mis. Nurltch, "buy her
one and ciintgo It tin In oiir bill.
He Ah, those days of our young
lovo. You remember that afternoon
you promised to meet me and didn't
come? How I raved!
She- Just like a man! And there
"If )uu want to Impiove. join iiiitid,"
suid thu suge, "associate with persons
who know nioie than ou do."
"Hut if ou follow the same lulo."
said one of those who weio learning
wisdom at his feet, "what are w to
do?" Chicago Tribune.
"Do you nlean to sny that you hare,
uot lend all of Shnkespenre's plays!"
"No." answered Miss Cayenne. "To
tell tin truth I did not mean to say It.
As In the enso of most people, tint con
fenslon slipped out quite by accident.
"Sny1" the girl's father called from
above stnlis. "this Is an unearthly hour
lor that joung man to be here. Mary."
"You're right," responded the young
man who had jiifct been nccepted; "the
hour Is iinenrtlily, sine enough It's
simply heavenly." Philadelphia Led
ger. llackstop I'm glad to see that you
are making a name for yourself ns an
author, old man.
Scriblet (roodestl)) Yes. Honors
ate being heaped on me. Why, It was
only yesterday that I learned that my
latest book had beep thrown out of the
Hoston Library. Harper's Ilazar.
1 Undue Influence.
The law presumes thnt u del g man
Is guilty of undue Intluence In ft busi
ness transaction with one of his par
ish oners, holds the Supieniu Court ol
low . in the case of Good et ill. vs. Zook
et r (S N. W. Hep.. 37). -The ie-
i latlon of clergymnn and puilshionei."
suld the mint, "as the books term It.
oi perhnps more property ol spiritual
ndvlsei and the subject ol his minis-.
tratlons. Is of a coiillilentl.il nature,
und inlses a presumption of limine in-
llucmo on the part of the former In
case oT a contract between them. '
Contempt of Court. j
Under a statute profiling that nuy
peison unlawfully Inteiforiug with the'
I pioi codings In any action may be pin-
I Ished ns for contempt, the Supremo;
Court ot North Carolina In re (lorhnm!
(40 S. !:. Hep.. 311) holds that a per-
son cnnterslng with n Juror for the
i purpose of Improperly Influencing Mm
I violates the statute, nnd may be pun
' Ished as for contempt.
Husband and Wife.
I Where n ninrrled woman, who was
wen provided ror. lert her liuslmnd ami
I contracted debts for necessaries, thu
Court or Civil Appeals of Texas. In the
lease ol Cllne vs. Iloiklmrth (nS S. W
Hep.. luSft). hol,u that the husband'
was not liable If she left home without
Damages for Accident.
Where a pnssenger on a street car
wns Injuied by tha falling of a file ex
tinguisher fastened to the sldo of tlio
car some twenty Inches over her head,
the New York Supreme Court, appel
late division. In tho ense of Allen vs.
I United Ttructlon Company (73 N. Y.
Sup.. 7117), holds thut pioof of such ac
cident established n pi linn faclo case
I of negligence against defendant, en
1 titling plaintiff to iccover in the ab
senco of evidence explaining the nccl
Relief From Alimony.
Whet" n wife, after obtniiilng n di
vorce, mnirles a rfinu able to support I
her. nnd the chllilieu of the first mar
riage, with tlio oxieptlon of u mlnoi.
are supporting themselves, nnd tin
foimu husband Is In poor (Ileum
slni.ce ,ii"l has 'lid up nil inienrH rf i
). the New link 4bipri'ii'ii
.Imflul liiPlll 111 ttlf iitmi nf
fi "I "-' i"- ! "II till ( UDM ill
KliulJ? vs. Kliulfy (73 N. Y. Su,i.
"UM. tloius thut the alimony must
put on Hie basis of support or mlu T
Action for Malpractice.
In an action ngulnst a surgeon for ,
miilpin-'tlce on the ground that lie am- J
putated a person's foot to cover up n
defect Ive surgical opeiiitlou, tho Sil
piemo Court of Vermont, In the cese
of Mullln vs. Flanders l.'O All. Hep.,
M.'l), afflimed u judgment against the
A blcjcllst Is bound to took and list
en Just before crossing street lailway
tracks, nnd Is guilty of contributory
negligence If he falls to do so. holds
the Supreme Court of Penusjlvnnln
In the ease of McCruckeu vs. Consoli
dated Tinetlon Company (.'il All. Hep.,
Owner Not Liable.
While walking ilouu thu wooden
steps lisidlug I mil the gnlleiy or a
theuter a man roll nnd seriously Injur
ed bis knee. He showed that one ot
the steps on the staliwny wns so woin
thut a nail pinjected theiefrnni und
thnt tills caused the rail. Hut the
court (Supienie Court or Massachu
setts) held thnt the owner of Uie
theater was not liable on account of
Value of an Eye.
A vei diet of l.Tiuil for the toss of
sight In one eye wns held by thu Ap
pellate Court of Inillana. in the (use
or Pumiius Mnnuractiiilng Company
s. llaimon It'.l' N. K. Hep., 3m,). uot
to be excessive.
Acquires No Domicile.
When- a party In dlwiree piueoed
lugs has been di-M-rted In another
State, nuil moves Into New Jeisey tor
the purpose ol obtaining u divoice In
such Stntc, the Court ol Clinncory or
New Jeisey. in the ease (it Wallace vs.
Wnllnie dVi Atl. Hep.. 78S), holds thnt
she in qiilies' tin domicile such lis to
give the tonus or New Jersey Juris
diction, when- no service is had on thu
defendant within New Jersey.
Cause for Action.
A complaint ulleglug thnt the plain,
tli'i alighted fiom n street car, and
that, after the (oudiictiir hail usslsted
her In alighting, he stepped bnck on
the car and stepped on plaintiff's
skirt, which bad not been removed
Iroin the car step, by reason of which,
ns the car mmeil away, plaintiff wns
pulled to the ground and sustafned In
juries, is held by the Appellate Court
of Indiana, In the case or the Citizens'
Street Hnllioad Company vs. Shop
held i!2 N. i:. Hop.. 31111), to bu n
cause ol action.
Retail Liquor Licenses.
It Is within the power or the duty
constituted authorities of any munici
pality hnilug by Inw the power to
grunt licenses to letnil spirituous anil
Intoxkutlng llquois to reoko sudi II
lenses at uny time, without lefundiug
the money paid tbeierur, or any part
of the snme.
Validity ot Testimony.
Where the prosecuting witness wns.
on the, day or the leiiilitlun of tlio ver
dict, adjudged Insane, thu Siipiemn
Court of Washington, ill tho ense or
Stnte vs. Smith (H7 Par. Hep., 70),
holds that Ills declarations mniln two
months liefoie should not be excluded,
there being nothing to Indicate that he
was nut then perfectly sane.
"1 don't suppose I should tell the
I stni y." said Hi own, with a smile, "but
I It is too good to Keep, so line goes:
, My wife is a pioniiunced enemy to the
cigarette, und Is ready at nil times to
strike a blow nt the miserable little
,' 'coffin nail.' as she takes delight -in
, calling It. The other day she chanced
to meet a small liov serenely smoking
lone of the little white lolls, and thu
sight canned her to hold up her hands
In hoi ror.
i "'Little boy." snld she. siiveiely,
I 'don't you want to glow up to be a big.
" 'Yes'ni.' answered the bo) between
"'Well, you never will If you smoke
those nasty things! They will make
you .dreadfully thin!'
" 'Uee!' leplled tho boy, as ho looked
critically at my wife, who Is extremely
thin 'flue! hut vmt must have smoked
la lot of them!'"
WAS A LONG WAY TO WATER.
A diuinnier whose business calls
him to the Sunflower State lelutes tho
champion dioutli story of the season.
"I was driving ncioss the eountiy to
it little town In western Kansas thi
ol her day, when I met a runner hunting
a wngnnloiid of water.
" "Whole do ou get water?' said I.
"'Up tho load about seven niltes,'
""And you haul water sown niltes
for your Innilly und stock?"
" 'Why. In the name of sense, don't
you dig n well?'
" ilecausii It's Just as Inr one way
as the other, stranger."
Western Man We hud a terrible
ccinllngrntlun In Dugout City last week.
Only seventeen houses left standing.
Kastern Man My goodness! How
many were there befoie the Are?
Western Man Nineteen,
IT SOUNDS WELL.
There Is nn old negio In Wushliigton
who believes thut the ait o" healing Is
n "girt" not to bo ncqulied. A fileml
who knew his point or luw leeentl)
utlenipted to dinw him out.
'"You say jou'ro a iintuiul loctor.
liuclii Huos; now whnt would joij
lecoininend 111 enso ut ugiiu?"
Uncle Knos leaned on his bnmpi In
silence lor u liniment, lost In thought,
but when he spoke It was with the
culm ussuiance of an oiiule.
"He lies' medicine for do ague would
be an eflloiescent powder, to puff out
do skin and left U off do bones. Where
do skin is diawed tight over do bones.
and do ague begins to shrink It, du
bones Is Jes' nuchelly painful nn' nuhe
ful, soil, Hut de efflorescent powder
It flzz an' fizz Inside on' puff out do
sklu. nn oblltnte du difficulty in a
sbo't time, sail!"
Pliolo by dctijarwaclKrr, Iltrlln
COUNT VON WALDERSEE, WHO IS TO VISIT AMERICA IN
ROUNDING UP MUSTANG
A dlspatdi to the New York Sun
from Phoenix. A T., says: The mus
tang limit In Northwestern Arizoiit a
few days ago van piobably tho last ')
be held In the Territory, nnd perhaps
In all the West. While onco the wild
horses roamed In countless herds
ovci tho plains and among the foot
hills of the Hocky mountains, they can
be found In few localities now.
I-'orty years ago they were scarcely
consldeied worth the tioiilito of catch
ing. Later thousands were shipped to
tho Uast. where they were known as
Indian ponies and were sold at prices
ranging finm y to $3o. About ten
years ago Colonel I'd. nedmond held n
groat louiid-iip of mustangs In Kastern
New Mexico and Western Texas nnd
gathered In more than SOOO horses.
He clonred tlD.oon on his round-up,
and tried tho samu thing several times
nfterward in Utah, Texas and Wyom
ing, but never with results so pioflt
nblo. In euily das so vast weio the
ranges at tho dlnposul of tho cattle
kings that the grazing of the wild
horses nover materially Intel fered
with the cattle. In the last quarte." of
:i century the gtnwtli or the cnttlu bus
iness and thu utilization 'of the public'
lauds have done away wlUi the im
mense ranges or tho cattle king days,
and the mustang has become a nui
sance. Ho used the limited range
reed nt tho expense of cattle men until
ho grow to be considered an outlaw
and a thief, and then he was shot by
tho cowboys whenever possible, In
mutiy Instances mustangs mixed with
the much herds and eventually be
came cow hoises, their stamina, speed
nnd strength usually making up for
deficiency In size. A few years ngo a
black Ftalllon, the leader of a herd ot
wild horses In Northern Arizona, was
flnal'y shot after repeatedly showing
his heels to the best horses In tho
countiv. On his flank was tho brand
or Me liar ranch, a large establish
laent owned by the Porrln Company.
It wus learned then that three years
before, when a half-grown colt Just
from Kentucky, he had escaped fiom
the barn nnd Joined the wild herd.
He recoveied liom his bullet won !.
ar.d for threo years won rnces In Ar!
zona, New Mexico nnd California, mo
combination of his g od breeding and
his eaily lire with the wild herd glv't-j;
Mm sptcd and stnmlnn which sent Si 'in
to the ittint. He bent tho best hor.ej
on the I rentier.
"At Pii son, In Northeastern Arlz'j,.u,
wlicro lor generations the mounts n
bled l.orBcs have raced, with ranches
nnd cattle herds as side bets, Iliac k
Eagle met his Waterloo, A ringer
from New Orleans beat the black stal
lion bj n head, and on that race hing
ed the ownership ot not less than 1500
steeis nnd 10.000 sheep, with a couple
of ranches and a fortuno In cash.
Hlack Kagie never won again. Appar
ently broken-hearted, ho died In the
itnil, ten years later, the originator of
a Hue of stock in heavy demand in the
East and In the British and German
I -tut;. , h, , ,, gifimi , u.