Newspaper Page Text
SUNDAY nULLETIN, HONOLULU, II. T SUNDAY, MAItCH 16, 1902.
. act, -up. vw . - -n w , Krnr "v "iTi f WM'fl" . 'ywrw,!Wt'",i,vv
Best Insurance In the World
HAWAIIAN IRON FENCE AND
MONUMENTAL CO,, LTD.
Tel. 237 Main. 176 King Street.
you cannot find him just look
In at the
HE WILL BE THERE
LOTS FOB SALE
In Knptolonl Park
Addition and In
Kallhl. - - - -
137. MERCHANi 6TREET.
by Miss Ella Dayton
COTTON BROS. & CO
ENGINEERS AND : t !
Piant tod titlnatet (urnWhe 6 for all cU.mb
Tel. Main 245.
OM 300 BOSTON QLK, Honolulu.
I Rnmn lr,Tnrvnrtt7ciDMtt7n7rvrn tdv! ..Mura i
The twentieth century city, accord
ing to Prof. Itichard T. Ely. director of
economics add political science in tho
University of Wisconsin, will be gov
erned entirely by trained officials. Tho
familiar rallying cries heard in muni
cipal campaigns indicate to Prof. Ely
Imperfect and Insufficient Ideas of tho
nature of municipal problems.
Particularly he does not think much
of tbo demand that business men
should be put In office ns the "natural
and Inevitable directors of local af
fairs." In tbo Municipal Journal Prof. Ely
recalls past campaigns in New York
and other cities In which tho hosts of
reform have been gathered together by
Buch battle cries to do battle for the
salvation of tho municipality, and be
dwells upon "tho disappointment and
reaction which returned to office tbo
He reaches the conclusion that in
the twentieth century there Is a grow
ing feeling that a wider, deeper basis
for rpform Is needed to bring about
what Is desired nnd to prove a perma
nent acquisition; and no thinks that
models can be found in (lermany and
"I have before me," he says, "the ad-T-rtlseraent
of a German city for a
Mayor. It Is stated In this advertise
ment what the salary Is and what tho
qualifications are, and these are very
"It Is added that In case tho Mayor
. not reappointed after ...e expiration
E. W- Quinn,
Patronage of Owncra, Architects
una uulldern solicited.
1168 Union St.
Phone, Main 394!
E. T. DREIER
Contracting and Consulting Electrical
Engineer. - Plans, Specifications
ana estimates prepared, -in
OFFICE Room 8, Magoon Bldg.
TEL. BLUE 281.
H. Hackfeid& Co., Ltd.
General Commission Agents.
Cor. Fort and Queen 8treeti, Honolulu.
Ilonolnln Iron Works.
Improved and modern SUOAH MA
CHINERY of every capacity and de
crlptlon made to order. Boiler work
and RIVETED PIPES for irrigation
purposes a specialty. Particular atten-1
""? .v.;?2.ys&. aad repa,,
Planters' S Agent S
Will tho free entry of Cuban sugar
hurt tho Territory of Hawaii? I be
lieve It will. Cuba In 1894, without a '
free market, mid under Spanish mis
rule, found It profitable to produce 1,-
100.000 tons of sugar at a profit of 10
per cent. and. according to a statement
made by Mr. William llonnct (page
527. Cuban Census), "could have
ground more than that had It not been
for the war."
If she can do so well under such ad
verse circumstances as prevailed at
that lime, what will she produce when
she Is put on more than nn equality
with the American planter? LUtcn to.
what Mr. Itobert I. Porter, special I
nnn.n.l.i.lnn.1. .,.. ( I. ,. ftlln.1 Otntita
limiimoniuiii'i iiuiu tin- uiiiivii oinii'B
to Cuba, says about the possibilities of
Cuban sugar. You will find It on page
523 of the Cuban census.
"With millions of acres of the rich
est and best cano land on the globe
yet untouched by the plow, with a cli
mate unsurpassed for the growth and
development of sugar rane, and with
n prcstlgo for Cuban sugar second to
none In tho markets of tho world, tho
future of Cuba's sugar presents a pos
sibility of wealth surpassing tho rich
ness of the gold and silver which enmo
to Columbus In the marvelous tales of
the Interior of the magnificent Island
which he had discovered,"
Cuba's Agricultural Possibilities.
I could quote opinions llko tho
above by the score, but It seems un
necessary to consume your time to
provo what Is putcnl to everyone who
has studied Cuba's agricultural possi
bilities. With frco markets she can
supply the world, ur, as the compiler
of the Cuban Census says In the con
cluding paiagruph of the article on
"The rehabilitation of the lirgc plan
tations will require much time anil
considerable expenditures, but with
the liquidation of existing loans on
CITYGOVERNMENT BY 1
ot his first term he shall be entitled to
n pension equal to his salary; and
finally, all cnndldntes. wherever they
may live, are requested to semi in their
applications to the chairman of the
municipal Council before a certain
"Consider for a moment the contrast
suggested. First, municipal govern
ment Is a profession, and not n busi
ness; second, It Is a difficult profes
sion, requiring special preparation;
third, a man should devote his lite
"If we stop to consider all the knowl
edge which Is required for an expert
administration of municipal affairs, we
shall see how absurd It Is to expect
that a man can successfully tako tho
leadership In municipal administration
without proper training and experi
ence. Municipal government Is some
thing far more than a business, but
looking at It even as a business it has
Its own peculiarities, which must bo
carefully learned by suitable prepara
tion. "Ilecause a man has managed well
a farm, It does not follow that without
having given any attention to railways
he can Immediately becomo a success
ful railway President. No moro does
It follow thai a successful railway
President can administer excellently
the nffalrB of a city.
"Hero wo havo a clue to tho reac
tion so often seen In our cities from
tho business man 10 the professional
politician. The business man who Is
Uncle 8am: "I didn't have so
7jtr-;,.r3ifcfo,rVuOTL? CI ,s.
;; m Tmt&vWm &AK i
1)1 1 mm fflUJll htcwK r
wu ff ii Jf f ' iiVVt infr iJTrfTir wiw1 - . - '
rural property, the establishment of
banks, and n stable financial system,
n repetition of the crop of 1891 may
soon bo expected, with larger ones to
follow. Indeed, when wo consider that
this crop was cultivated on less than
one-fourteenth part of the area of the
isiunrt (28,000,000 ncrcs), a largo pn't
cf v hlch can be made suitable for fa
gar, some Idea of Its great prospcctlvo
wealth In this commodity can be fo.'m
cd, jrcvlded Cuba Is successful In
finding favorable foreign markets. In
short, It Is perfectly apparent, as has
besii elsewhere r.'.it'l, tnat lin-lrr
such conditions Cuba can easily be
come the greatest sugar-producing
country In tho world."
Having shown, as I believe, that tho
free Introduction of Cuban sugar will
so stimulate the production as to glut
tho American market with free sugar,
let us see how Hawaii could stand tho
taking off of all the duty. Wo have as
n guide tho experience tho Hawaiian
planters went through during tho tlmo
sugar was free under tho McKlnley
Effect of Repealing Duty.
The United States Minister to Ha
waii, In a dispatch to tho Secretary of
State, No. 32, of September B, 1891,
"Tho repeal of tho sugar duty by
the United States has struck the prin
cipal material product of Hawaii a
very severe blow, and with tho most
favorable estimate It now looks ns
though bankruptry m,lsl uo "10 Inovl
table fate of more or less of tho sugar
planting firms nnil corporations."
In confirmation of what I hnvo stat
ed regarding tho cost of producing su
gar In Hawaii, I quote rrom page 7C9
of the Senate Committee on Foreign
Itclatlons' report on the Hawaiian Isl
ands. The witness, Mr. Simpson, says:
"When I was In Honolulu the winter
of 1892 the growing price of sugar was
a business man and nothing else Is
'not equal to tho undertaking, so fre
quently It Is found that with all his de
fects tho professional politician does
as well ur better, because bo has at
least had experience."
Prof. Ely's conclusion Is that there
must be a class of officeholders. The
legislative officer who should exerclsa
n general control and represent tho
community should include men repre
senting nil tbo different Interests of
the city; but the administrative offices
should bo filled by experts with perma
nent tenure of olfico. He regards tho
Mayor as an administrative officer.
This, he says, Is the method In prac
tlco In the best State movements. Tbo
regents, representing tiio community,
see hnt the movement accomplishes
the purposes tho people 01 the State
desire It to accomplish. They establish
a general policy, but turn over the de
tails requiring expert knowledgo to tho
faculty, which has this knowledge.
"The city." Prof. Ely says, "is some
thing far more than a business con
cern. This business concern Idea ot
the city does not, as a matter ot fact,
move the masses of the people suffi
ciently to arouse a great amount of
"We need a broader basis of reform,
and a higher aim, and this Is afTorded
by a new rallying cry which we aro be
ginning to hear, the city a well-ordered
household, it Is this idea which is
giving form and Bhape to the twentieth
1N....... ... ..j.,..,
a few years ago." -j"
Discusses W- Hawaiian
about $90 per ton. The cause of that
was that the previous crop of Cuban
sugar had been practically n failure
and they were enabled to get a much
better price than they aro getting at
present. The last quotations which I1
received from Honolulu they wero pay.
Ing for Hawaiian sugar laid In San
Francisco 2 7-8, almost tho lowest
prlco It has ever reached, nnd which
price does not pay oven a small Inter
est on tho Investment."
No More Cheap Labor. '
In conclusion I wish to Impress upon I
tho committee tho fact that Hawaii no
longer enjoys cheap labor. In fact, sho
has been put to her wits end during
tho past two years to obtnln sufficient
labor to take oft her crops at any price.
Last 'spring the Planters' Association
tried tho experiment of bringing labor
irom rorto kico. two thousand one
hundred wero Imported at a cost of
about $100,000. It cost ono plantation J
$1.5G per ton of sugar raised to obtain
this labor. Hawaii Is compelled to-l
day to pay for the most Indifferent la-
bor mora than Is paid In tho States.
While skilled lnlinr Is nnli! n much riteh.l
.... .... . " i
cr wago than union
Mr. Atkins, In his talk beforo tho ( it cost very little to pump water up.
committee, on page 37 of the printed This plantation, the Oahu, was started
report, speaks about the cost of pro-1 Just aftor Ewa, with lands Just adjoin
iluclng sugar in Hawaii, and he was g, ,t at n higher altitude. They
very careful to read from the printed ' now pay $30,000 a month nione for coal
report of the Ewa plantation, the plan-1 to be used to pump that water up. Wo
tatlon that Is tho wonder of tho sugar ( are trying to experiment on the Islands
world for producing sugar. And It was to . petroleum to boo If that cost
not only not the report for last year's ' cannot bo reduced; but it bIiows that
proceeding, but for two years before 'with Identically the same land two
uiu plantations oi nawan began to,
feel the effects of the scarcity of la
bor, Ewa stands alone. She pro
duces her sugar much cheaper than
the other firty-four plantations, but It
brought to my mind tho Idea which 1
would llko to submit to the commit-
Iceland that Is. that beforo annexn-
, "If you are suddenly compelled to
choose between going4 to the poor
house nnd earning your own living,
don't try to be n Pattl If you havo a
Voice llkll n tin Wlllatt,. Tlmi't nuiilrn I
to bo n high-school teacher, el'bor.
when you don't know a noun from
yitIi. Tnl;.. nm,.tl,ln,. vmi ..., .i
,t . , .. . '
The trim little person who gave this
advice smoothed down her white
apron and cast an Intelligent glance nt
me bus runge. one ougni lo ue well
up In tho subject If any one Is. A few
i-u. uKu urn; wuku up one morning
to find herselr n widow, penniless and
...i,i n u. .
with a small daughter to support.
' I lost everything I had. at one full
swoop," she explained. "I had two or
t 11 tm li.ltifl i1 11tn tfea.BaAM! .a al. ....
""7 "" """"" "' "
ruimn. i iieu i cusi niy minu nuoui
for somctiilnr, lo do.
"I began at tbo top,
H is u invonic
delusion of reduced gentlewomen that
they can begin at the top. 1 thought I
would tench, and I took tbt- teachers'
"Well, that one day, before a wood
en desk, with those cold-blooded ques
tions beforo me, and my brain In a
hopeless muddle, gave mo a concep-
una oi my ignorance mat nas Kepi i WM .,,,. a gslioon of tW(,ntv.flvo or of his $18,000 except $100 away from
mo humble ever since. Then I g0 him and locked him up. They fed him
thought I'd bo a governess, but the ..whpn ,, m mt flrgt do)ar be,l0 coplous ryo n tllat afternoot an(
field seemed to bo entirely usurped K on a ,ong , ho kww Bg much wbcn darkness fell they pushed Larry
by mademoiselles an drrauleins, or en- aboul raccnlr8Cg aa , do of the functo a wagon and toted him down to
terprlslng college girls, whoso degree t,,m f , ,.,,,. n .,. wIre. a cattle ship with tho agent of which
was a kind of talisman
The salary, !
uu.iii.il, m uu, visible young woman with tho cornuco-
'Then somo ono reminded me thatptt mu u,0 kindly focus on him, and
I used to sing before I was married, she plugged him along.
and I betook myself to n choirmaster. -The wny he played 'em wos both
who told hie gently, but firmly, that j pitiful and scandalous. He handed mo
my voice wns only ornamental, and armfuls of money on four-hoofed
my knowledge of technique execrable. ' pieces of scrnpplo that an oleo man-
t Hat was wliy I spoke so feelingly
about would-be Pattls.
"Ily that time, my pride had had so '
many falls that It didn't tioublu ma1
any more. So my next experiment
was selling books. I held out Just n
"Next 1 took up typewriting. Final
ly I got a place nt $0 n week. The
man I worked fur was simply an an
gel, or he never would have put up
with me. Ily the end of the month I
was Hilly convinced that I was a fail
ure at It. llut I dluu't know which
wa to till
"When I wns nt tho lowest notch of
dlHcounigement the clue came. One
day a friend who had been my standby
all through was telling me about a
luncheon she wanted to give.
" "I wish I could hnvo some of jour
salted almonds for It," she said.
"We both jumped.
"Why not?' she exclaimed.
"Why not?' 1 echoed; 'It's the ono
thing I can do well.'
"That wub the beginning of It nil.
This good friend of mine spri-nd my
fame nmong her friends nnd other or -
dels followed hers. Sho finally Induc
ed the heart of her grocery firm to
test the iiutB. and he was so pleased
thnt be nt once gave me u laigo order.
They sold us well as he expected and
he oitered me a steady contract. j
"The demand for my Wures hns
grown constantlj'. and now behold mo.
In an apartment of my own, with two
nsslstantB, and Just as much work as
we three can manage."
Hon Hawaii did produce her sugar
very cheap, Sho produced It Just tho
same way that Cuba could produce It
now If she was given frco trado and
at the Bamo tlmo allowed to havo her
own labor laws. So far as 1 know, sho
may hnvo n law dawn there llko the
Porto Illcans havo to clap a man and
put him In Jail If ho dares attempt to
organize labor. I was told yesterday
by n gentleman who had been to Ha
waii that some sugar planters had told
him ho was thcro two or three years
ago, I believe that tho Ewa planta
tion produced Its Biigar at $J0 a ton.
Now, that may bo so, I fiavo not tho
Mr, Long. That Is a cent and a halt
Result of Irrigation.
Mr. Haywood. Yes. llut I can un
derstand why they produced It that
cheap. That plantation was tho first
Irrigated plantation to bo started.
Mr. Long. That Is raw sugar?
Mft nywo0(,. Tc8. , the8e arla
,, , ,,. tm(J wcro worth prac.
,cnMy noth11B. She had the oholco of
inoae lanus, ana naturally took tho
ones at tide water. All she had to do
was to sink a well, not very deep, and
plantations side by Bldo that It Is
not possible for all of them to produce
the sugar as cheap as Ewa. I do not
believe thnt If these figures wero
watched, with tho oilier fifty-four plan
tations on the Islands, it would make
much effect on tho nvorago cost of
producing sugar on the Islands.
"Any White Wings with tho left hind
i pedal of a bunnlc, a nickel's worth of
a"" - 'k ln a" lrtBut Parcr ha- and a
two-dollar i-hocstrlni:. can null monev
. . ., . .
out of tho pony game onco ho gets em
to spinning right, but It takes a mail
wltu nn i)nost Injun conk and proper
1 ly oiled head works to hang on to the
'oovernmrnt-stanined naners when they
,lrlft n'8 wu' ln "lurks." said a member
r ., ,. . . , ,. i
of the llookmakers' Club.
"There are scores of sccdy-looklng
ducks, with luce-work around the hot-
toms of their trousers, making 50-cent
bets in the cheap fields of the tracks
around hero during tho racing season
I . . . .. ,. . , ..
I . ,, ... ...,... ...
iwo-year-oiu rnce in incir uay. ineyro
the boys who didn't know when to
'Thcrc'a n fellow driving a truck In
Long Island City on this rnw after
l noon who ran four twenty-five cent
, pieces Into $18,000 at the Hay track In
lone week In the summer ot '90, Ho
less telegraphy scheme. Hut the In -
:: PERILS OF NEW YORK.
..-:JV r2T-" "-SB,.
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I :c Eaplosion apF f ' 'I
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: New York World. ''
Mr. Long, And what Is that aver
age? Cost Is Qreatly Enhanced.
Mr. Haywood. C0.10 on these three
plantations I havo the figures for. I
do wnnt to emphasize, tnough, that It
being annexed and having to comply
wl..i tho American labor and Immigra
tion laws, tho cost of producing sugar
Is greatly enhanced In tho Islands;
and It has added another difficulty to
us, and that Is knowing where to get
labor at any price. II is no blurt on
tho part of plantations when they
pay $100,000 to bring 2100 men, wom
en and children from Porto lllco.
When you know they did this you will
know they needed labor pretty tad.
Mr. Mowlands. That would be $200
for each person T
Mr. Haywood. Yes, sir.
The Chairman. Is there any advan
tage In Cuba over Hawaii In raising
Mr. Haywood. Y'es, sir.
The Chairman. Except tho labor
Mr. Haywood. Y'es, sir.
The Chairman. What Is the other?
Mr" Haywood. Nearer to the market.
Tho Chairman. I say tho cost of
Mr. Haywood. Y'es, sir. We ore lu
the sarao position with tho Louisiana
pcoplo and tho beet sugar people. Wo
cannot under our laws secure labor
Tho Chairman. I say aside from the
labor question what other advantage
.Mr. Haywood. Another thing Is It
costs us more. Our Isolation costs us
more for everything wo use. We pro
duce nothing wo use; It has to bo
brought from the Mainland.
Tho Chairman. That Is a matter of
Mr. Haywood. Y'es, Blr; and profits.
Wo pay profltB to another person In-
stead of raising the thing or producing
I tho thing ourselves.
iDAME FORTUNE VERY!
ufneturer wouldn't tako as a gift, and
they enntorod In first without enough
heave to their sides to dislodge a piece
"Ho Played 'cm by the dream-book,
by numberg ,ljr 0l(J MwAUm ani,
force of tho wludi by tho nU,aI and
muzzlo velocity, and by barometrical
pressure, but he couldn't fall on tho
wr"nB one wl, "l8 W" 8ll"t " I'1"
hnn,i ii.i i.i.in.i hi. i..b
I He began on a ednesday. On tnu
I , ,., , , . . . .
following Wednesday morning he had
g000 nn(, an overngnt ag that ,vaa
too numerous to mention.
"It was on this Wednesday morning
that his three brothers took hold ot
,llm- Thy wcro a decent working-
mnn. and thov know that Lnrrv hnil nil
thnt mnnm- nn him TRov h,i trio.i in
- ...v, ..-- ..... .
sot him to soak It Into the bank, imt
he wouldn't listen to 'cm. Ho wanted ,nfler watching him for about threo
to chaso all of tho bookmakers Into t,a'8- they ,lrcw tho A7-900 out of ,l10
tho swnmp. Ibank nnd handed It over to Larry,
-o ,h..ir.,.., , .'who told them thnt he was going to
w laaao , f villiVOUH; USUI MIlJBji
over, Larry was so properly corned up
that they had him right. They took all
'hcy'd made arrangements.
"When Larry awoko up the next
morning tho second mnte of the cattlo
ship was Btandlng on his diaphragm
with ft belaying pin In each hand and
rudely Inquiring if ho intended to con-
tlnuo his siesta until tho Bteamer made
I I DE ft
WINES. . .
Wo know you will enjoy
these wines. They aro tho very
choicest, are pure and of the
vintage of 1895. Soma of tho
We want your order.
Gomes & McTighe
Telephone Main 140.
k-r4-f4-f-f-f 4444444 44444444
MANUFACTURED FROM PURE
DISTILLED WATER. J : : :
Delivered to any part of
city by courteous drivers.
Oahu Ice and Electric Co
TELEPHONE DLUE 3181.
HOFFHAN & nARKHAil.
505, Corner of Btretanla Ave. and Punch
AH Work Done By Hand.
Lace Curtains, Silk and Glove Cleaning a
AISADIE & CO.
8end the weekly edition of the Bul
letin to your friends. Only $1 a year.
"Larry nursed nnd fed his bunch of
Bhurt horns with great assiduity until
tho cattle steamer made tho other side,
and then he lined out for Liverpool.
Ho had found tho $100 thnt his sensi
ble and well-meaning brothers had
tucked away In his vestments, and ho
steernged It back to New York on tho
flist boat bound west.
"He was n very subdued and scdMo
Lawrenco when bo appeared beforo I
his brothers. Thnt was how they had
figured It. They thought that Larry
needed heroic treatment, and they felt
that when ho regained Now York afti.r
mixing It up with underbred Panhan
dle cattle he'd bo Inclined to be good
with himself and his nice little $18,000.
"Larry was foxy enough to string
'em along on that when ho showed mil
clean nnu sober, niter nis trip, nnu,
pass It over to a lawyer to Invest.
" 'Yeoz will shanghai me, will yeex?'
bawled Larry when he got his paws on
tbo money, and then ho hot-fooled lor
"They didn't run after him. They
had done tholr best and It hadn't
stuck, and. so they decided to let Lar
ry go to the devil In his own way.
"Well, that'll be about all of that.
Larry fell to my little old slate for a
good half of It Inside of three days, and
the other boys up and down the alley
got tho rest of It. And there's 1-arrj',
gltapplng to his horses today. This la
a cold afternoon to be driving a truck.
I surmise, yes no?"
A. A. MONTANO announces tho
"SPRING OPENING" of the LATEST
MILLINERY. Now and exquisite de
signs in hats and bonnets.
:: Wednesday, March 12 to Saturday,
A fine new stock of Ladles', Misses'
and Infants' Muslin Underwear now on
!! A. A. MONTANO
Millinery and Dressmaking House,
Hotel St. near Fort.
Deer and Wine Dealers.
The BROOKLYN SALOON
Between Merchant and Queen.
W. M. Cunningham. Jno. Ochaefer,
j Gonsalves & Co.,
AND WINE MERCHANTS.
22? Queen St.. Honolulu H. I
M. Phillips & Co.
Wholesale Importers and Jobbers.
European and American Dry Goods
Fort and Queen Sts.
TNBWtA.Jil "! "IS. ,1, ,jnl
'laii'aa'ajtanW i aaWat,
'-.i i liiflK'Yif my' ii
. W.'.i'nii.-Ti ', mi.il'
4l:'A5ir !.' .4k. -j,