Newspaper Page Text
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EVENING BULLETIN. HONOLULU. H. T.. SUNDAY. MARCH 30, 1902.
THE CHICAGO $50.00
Mr. ftA. W Fltrh. tih ClmMnn Jti Mltl... Cn t..n-l tn. CI . Jf 1 Montffom. fv St
Sy on March to, torn, "Al I tald I havt put ttia Chicago In lis office ht II l l -'! I'om
8 jo A.M. 104 pp. M, right by Ihtildaol Smith and tht Bir Loclc midlines and my implorr H ton
lihtl at thi capacity and tufxrlor quality of thl work of lh In machine It lll holJ lit own acalnst any
of th hlgh-pilcM machlnei, and I congtatutata you on ihi oroduaion ol thla lilt t reauiv. 1 hae ownid a
Mammoni-Mar Lock, and have run a smith for years, but I would not exchange The Chicago tcr any of
them. Then It doei not need a drayman to carry II around "
Examine thli Typewriter at the local agency. Machine! lold on "little
at a time payment". (
WALL, NICHOLS CO.. LTD.
Commissioner Edward S. Boyd
OIN HAWAII'S LAND LAWS
To Committee on Pacific Islands
Only a personal Inspection can give
you an Idea of tho valuo of theso sets.
They consist of seven pieces of tho
finest wood beautifully finished, and
are a bargain. Como and eeo them.
J. HOPP & COMPANY,
f LEADING FURNITURE DEALERS
am Corner King and Bethel 6trccts 0
Whv not order a box of Saro-
nl"B flno candles when telephon
ing for the groceries? The Ala
meda has Just brought us the
We sell them In Mb, 1 ano
2-lb boxes. Remember, just a
telephone message will bring
thorn to your door.
H. MAY & CO.
Tho Popular Grocery.
according to the opinions
of physicians and food ex
perts, we have all the best
of the many breakfast
foods now on the market.
There is one that has be
como tho most popular of
all foods simply because
Its work and results tell
quickly and satisfactorily.
Come and we'll tell you
'confidentially which will
suit you best.
LEWIS & CO.
It it Limited it u
1060 FORT 6TREET.
240 Two Telephones 240.
We are having quite a sale
of rope portieres. These are a
new importation and are in very
beautiful colorings. Prices are
Large stock In handsomely
finished quarter-sawed oak,
chairs to match.
Our furniture stock at the
present time Is very complete In
every department. Come and
I EVE ffiBSH
816 Fort Street,
Victor Safe & Lock Co.
Ideal Ready Mixed
Improved Stone Filters.
And the Steel Aermotor,
(Special Correspondence nf the Sun
Washington,- March 15, 1902. Thi
Senate Committer on Pacific Islands,
ol which Senator Joseph II I'oraker
of Ohio is chairman, on Monday last,
March 10, gave an extended h'car.
Ing on Senator Mason's bill, Identical
with that of Dclegato Wilcox, provld
ing special land laws for the Territory
of Hawaii.' The commlttco did not
reach any conclusion and will glvo fur
thtr hearings to parties Interested,
and If Delegate Wilcox Is connlcscent
while the matter Is pending before tho
committee he will appear and make n
statement In ndvocaey of tho measure.
Through tho courtesy of the Sccftary
of the Committee, the Utillctln's rep
resentative tins been furnished with
an advance pago proof of tho proceed
ings' of tho committee In which Is con
talned the statement of William Hay
wood, representing the Honolulu
Chamber of Commerce, and Edward
S. Boyd, Commissioner of Public Lands
of Hawaii. Mr. Ocorge it. Carter was
present at tho hearing nt tho ln Ra
tion of Senator Koraker, and may ap
pear before the committee later to
give the commlttco the benefit of lilu
Information with rcferonce to Hawaii
The committee Is composed of the fol
lowing Senators: Koraker (chair
man). Foster of Washington, Mitch
el), Hurt on, Cockrcll and Hlackbtirn.
Statement of Edward 3. Boyd, Com
missioner of Public Lands of
The Chairman, Please state jour
nnmt In full,
Mr Uoyd. Edward S. liojd.
The Chairman. Where do jou re
side, Mr. Bojd?
Mr Oo)d. In Honolulu, Territory of
The Chairman. Are jou a nntle of
the Hawaiian Islands?
Mr llo)(l. I am.
The Chairman. What official posi
tion, If any, tin you hold In connection
with the government nf those Islands?
Tvlr Uoyd. I am the commissioner of
The Chairman How long have jou
held that offlie?
Mr, Iloyd. Since May 7. 101)1.
Tbo Chairman Haw ou had jour
attention called to Sennto bill No
1344, Introduced by Mr. Mason. ' to
provide special land laws for the Ter
ritory of Hawaii?"
Mr. Uoyd. Yes, sir.
Tho Chairman. You have read It,
Mr. Boyd. I have read It very cara
The Chairman. Tho committee will
be obliged to on. Mr. Iloyd, If yntt
will state In jour own way the situa
tion In Hawaii as to the nature and
extent of our public lands, together
with your vIcvvb as to whether or nor
any legislation Is needed; nnd It so
what should bo Its character
Mr. Boyd The matter being of Mich
vital Impoitnnce. gentlpmui, I thought
it best to put what I had to say on pa
per. In order that I might not omit
mentioning nny of the Important
points. With )our permission I will
nad this stntenicnt.
Tho Clialrmun. Certnlnly.
Mr. Kojd (reading) If the pioposcd
land act Is passed, gentlemen, It should
to new, tie nowi, without reference to
the existing land laws of the United
States, and all of thu old laws t( Ha
waii should be specific ally repealed.
Table showing area of the Hawaiian
Islands and elevation of higheat
points as by late estimate by Gov
ernment Survey Office.
Kahoolawe.. . ' 01
Molokal . . 201
Oahu . . Aim
ties are based what Is best described
as a "feudal sstcm" existed, tinder
which tho King had certain recogniz
ed rights In all the lands of his people
Tho high chiefs In their turn, nud
Inferior chiefs following them, hail
their special rights in tho lands of
their own subordinates, and so on
down to the lowest class of tenants.
These rights, however, pertained
principally to lent, share of produc
tion, or ortllnarv labor, rathci than to
mllitnry vert Ice
It Is only necessary to note that un
der this system the districts of tho Isl
ands, the lands, and subdivisions were
WeTl understood and defined, although
such subdivision was unlquo and bas
ed on no mathematical s)Btcm. being
the product of custom, tradition use.
etc. One land, therefore, might he n
few hundred feet wide and several
miles long, another, starting nt the
shore with small width, run as a nar
row strip for miles, nnd then expand
to cover a hundred thousand acres;
another have Its main portion on one
sldo of nn Island, and a disconnected
portion on the other side; run from
tho sea and terminate nt the motmtnln
top or run over tho mountain top to
the sea on the other side.
Every Irregularity of form was rep
resented In these old divisions, result
ing In a "dovetailing' nnd interlacing
difficult to describe.
ft would not be fair, however, to Im
ply that all of tho lands were of the
eccentric tjpes given. A more com
mon typo of main division was a strip
of moderate width extending from tho
sea to the mountains, so that Its chief
could shaie In tho products of the sea
and of the laud nt different elevations
It should he noted that the later
"great division" of Innds In 1848, while
changing radically the basis nf owner
ship, did not, anil In fact could tint
change the old divisions.
The Basis of Present Land Titles.
The old feudal tenure of lands was
terminated, and tho new ordei. upon
which all present titles nre bnsed. es
tablished by the series of acts extend
ing from 18411 to 1855, tho principal
ones being the great,;!! vision of all the
lands of the country between the King?
Kamtthamehn HI, nnd tho chiefs, th
further division of the lands given up
to tne King Intn Government and
Crown lands, and1 the awarding to the
common people the comparatively
small lots that they had occupied or
The details of these transactions are
of great Interest, hut general results
only need be stated.
Approximate division of lands,
Government Innds 1,495,000
Crown lands 981,00')
Chiefs' lands 1.019,000
KuleannH (ordinary tenants'
Minister of Interior (as amended In
Under the provisions of these home
stead laws there Were
surrendered).. 52? 8,49081 $0279155
conditions ...377 5.820.70 15312.30
ed 150 2.070 05 $17 482 21
During this same period there were
Taken up u n d er
tlons as to Improve
ment and cultiva
tion without resi
dence 3,552.81 $10,010 (,3
Patented upon ful
fillment of condi
tions 2,912.11 8 023.13
Itemalnlng to he-
patented C10.40 $ 2.5S7.50
The general icsults of these home
stead laws were good. Numerous
families of small means were put Intn
possession of homes, and cnnstdcrablo
Improvement In the way of cultivation
could bo noticed
The laws, however, did not meet alt
the requirements of tho case TIh
area permitted to he taken wns too
small to tempt any hut those of limit
ed means and very moderate ambition.
rtc'HldetKc alone did not Imply tit ill
7atlnn of tho land, and n perfunctory
compliance wllh the residence condl
Hon was easy. A better guaranty of
buna fide Intentions was needed
The Land Act of 1895.
To promote the settlement nnd nn
provemenl of the remaining Cot em
inent land, under conditions favorable
to the settler hut not to speculators,
and to meet the needs of different
classes desiring lands, the land act of
1895 was enacted as being specially
adapted to the requirements of tlw
An Important feature of this net was
the general requirement of cultiva
tion and Improvement of Innds taken
up, as well as residence thereon for a
term of jcais. There wns authority.
however, tinder the act for the sale of
lands at auction, under special condi
tions as to pnjmcnts for same ami cut
llvatlon, without lesldenccv to meet
the cases of persons who desired to
Improve nnd cultivate land, hut hav
ing occupations elsewhere were un
able to live on the same.
tDO YOU REALIZE
That In bulng a genuine Hand
Welt man's shoe that you get ex
Do You Realize
That unless the HANAN SHOE
was and In' nil It Is represented,
thnt It would never have gained
tho fame It has?
Do You Realize
Thot you are wasting tour money
and losing lots of comfort buying
shoos thnt are claimed to be just
as good as the "HANAN"?
Drop around and try a pair on,
we don't have to say a word, tho
shoes sell themselves
Mclnerny Shoe Store
buildings reservoirs, pumping machl
Olan district sales Special sales,
at a valuo appraised In tho act of
1895, of lands held under Crown leases
In the district of Olaa, Hawaii. I.es
see could purchase his leaso holding
up to 200 acres when 15 per cent of
same had been put under cultivation
and further Improvements to the value
of $200 made.
Distinct from the general system of
the land act and applvlng only to the
Summary of Transactions Under the
Land Act of 1895.
Number. Acres. Value
lenses 115 1,519 50 5,000(10
light of pur
chase leases 35) lfc.M5.78 1 18.GCS SO
holds ... 23 78382 4,117.51
menlB . . 122 7.000 17 50.689.00
Cash sales... 40 2.990 89 39.923.73
sales 112 15,532.00 CI 171.00
Total . ...798 10,59122 $279,500 89
No More Dread
of the Dental Chair
TEETH EXTRACTED AND FILLED
ABSOLUTELY WITHOUT PAIN by
our late scientific method applied to the
gums. No sleep-producing agents or
These are the only dental parlors in
Honolulu having PATENTED APPLI
ANCES and Ingredients to extract, fill
and apply gold crowns and porcelain
crowns undectecable from natural teeth
and warranted tor ten years, WITH
OUT THE LEAST PAiN. Alt work
done by GRADUATED DENTISTS of
from 12 to 20 years' experience, and
each department in charge of a Special
1st. Give us a call, and you will And
us to do exactly as we advertise. We
will tell you in advaneo exactly what
your work will cost by a FREE EX
AMINATION. Set Teeth $5.00
Gold CrotvtiH SR.00
Gold Fillings $1.00
Silver Fillings 50a
NEW YEAR WELL
There Is individuality about eye
glasses tho samo as dress. Not every
one can be fitted with tho same clip
and spring. E -glasses Bhould bo
made to lit tho face becomingly and
a small featured person needs a small
o. inQ thnn one with a broad face.
We fit each Individual, and take all
necessary care without piling the
A. N. SANFORD,
Boston Building, Fort GtrecL
Over May . Co.
By having your photo
taken. My work Is
of the highest quality
and prices reasonable
J, J. Williams,
Take elevator In Boston Block.
AN HOUR IN THE MORNINQ
THE 8AME HOUR EVERY MORNING
or afternoon, given to dictation, will
keep your correspondence "cleaned
up." Try It a month.
(north to northeast) are in general
well vvutered: Hie Icowaid sides urn
J.D. AYERY, Easiness Correspondent more rocky and drier, but with richer
Regularltyl Certainty Despatch! soil.
Tel. Main 78. 95:45. Elite Bldg. Ancient System of Land Tenure and
Your amateur photographic work
will be well done if taken to Honolulu
Photo Supply Vo. ,
Total ... ... .4.127.000
Note. Tho area of KuleannH or or
dlnary tenants' land wns compaiatho
ly small, but was composed of the very
choicest laild In the whole country.
In this division of ISlS a number of
Valuable lands were overlooked or Ig
noi ed and, as "uniisslgued lands,
vvero for a long time of disputed own
By Judicial decisions nnd by leglsla
the action In 1890 most of these lands
were added to the Government and
Crown domains, n few however, being
confirmed to prlvnte owners.
Early Land Policy of the Government.
Immediately after the division of
1848, of which results have just been
given, tho Government proceeded to
sell much of Us land at prlvnte sale
and nt the low intes of from 12 cents
to $1 per acre The lands thus sold
were selected and surveyed at tho op
Hon of the purchaser and many thou
sand ncrcs of the "uenm' of Govern
inent lands vtciu thus disposed of.
This method, though perhaps a nc
Cfsslt) of the time hud seilous illsad
vantages, not the least of which wns
the leuvlug of numerous scattered
leniiiutits of Government land, bclug
the unsalable nud undesirable portions
at thnt time.
Under this svstem of private sal"
probably 6110,000 acres were disposed
ol, these sales being largely to na
Tho first act requiring sales to be.
made at public auction was enacted
In September, 1870, applying to sales,
of lands or leases over $300 In value.
Ity an act of the provisional govern
ment In 1893, all such sales and leases,
ot whatever value, wero required to
be made nt public auction after thlrtj
ilats' public- notice.
Homestead Laws, 1884 to 1895,
The first homestead act to facll'tato
acquirement of small holdings was en
acted In 1884, and amended In mlnoi
particulars In 1888. 1890 nnd 1892
This act nnd amendments, which re-
sldo of the Islands I mniiied In fcuco until passage of tlin
land art of 1895, gave npportlitilt) for
mqiililng lots In genual not over 20
acies In extent, under conditions nl
lowing ten oais fin pament nf pur
chase piltit, lequhlng tho erection of
u dwelling and n lesldenie of three
The out! j Ing Islets nnd reefs lo tho
northwest, which belong to tho Hi'
wallan group contain n low squnrn
miles In addition to the above but are
not ot a natuiu to lequlro notice hern.
Within the limits of thu main Isl
ands named above Is to bo found tha
greatest diversity of topographical
features, climate, and quality of soil.
Rugged mountains, deep narrow val
leys, flat marsh lands, and high moun
tain pastures, rich alluvial soil and
barren htvn wastes, and every grada
tlon between these states are to ho
found, not only on a single Island, but
not Infrequently In a limited portion
of a single district.
Thu volcanic origin of thu islands.
the unequal distribution of rainfall
and the rapid rlso from sea lovel to
high elevations account for tho wide
Tho windward .
Previous to tho great division, of jteais on the land. A substitute might
lands upon which all present land ti- loslde on the land wllh consent of the
Method of Acquiring Land Under the
Land Act of 1895.
Genual qualifications required of
applicants Must he over 18 ears of
age; he tlllzen by birth or uatiirnllza
tlon, or have letters of denization; hit
under no civil dlsnhllliy nor delinquent
In pa) merit of tuxes.
Homestead lease Nine hundred
and nlnetj nine year base, condition
ed upon maintaining home upon the
premises, paying taxes, and cultliat
Ing small percentage.
Area that might he acquired, 8 to 15
acres, dependent nn quality,
No payments other thnn small appll
Husband and wife might not both lm
Applicant must not be owner of nny
other land (except tnro or wet land)
Lease Inalienable not subject to
iiltnehment, levy, or sale, or to any
process of the courts.
Might not he mortgaged, assigned
(light of purchase lease. Lease for
twuitvono years with right of pur
chase at original appraised value any
time niter two ears' residence and
cultivation ol 25 per cent.
Area Hint might be acquired, 100 to
1200 nt res, dependent on qnnlltj
Husband nnd -wife might not both
Applicants could apply onlv for
such amount ns, taken with any land!
owned by them, would dime til tho
limits named. '
Itental nt 8 per cent nn nppialsed
value to he paid until purchase was
Cash freeholds Lands sold at mic
tion at an uppialsed valuo as upset
price; pun base prleo duo In four In
stallments during three years.
Two )cars' residence) and 25 per
rent of cultivation further requited In
Qualifications and areas that might
be acquired, same as under right ot
Special agreements. Sales at nuc-
tlon under special conditions as to
payments by Installments with re
quirements of cultivation. witTi or
Limit of area that might bo sold un
der special agreement, 000 acres
(Pint Hi ally the area has been llm
Ited to 101 acres of flist class laud as
nuclei the other s stems)
Cnsh sales. Hales mucin 11111 until
tlnuallv ftu cash at public auction
These sales usually made to meet
ruses wheiu exceptional!) costly im
provements vveiti eoutemplutcd, as
Note Value of homestead lease
land is nn arbitrary estimate. Formal I
appraisement not required under the '
A comparison of transactions during!
the period or 1884-1895 with those of'
the period from 1895 to dato (under
land net") shows for tho latter pc
rtod a very much larger proportion of
lands taken up under conditions ol 1
homestead or Improvement as com
pared with "cash sales." ,
1884-1895 (1! tears)
Cash sales 37.075 31 $195.588.9S
conditions 12.013 in 73,405.18
Our name alone will be a guarantee
that your work will be of the best.
((jw York Dental Parlors,
Room 4, Elite Building, Hotel Street.
LADIES IN ATTENDANCE
Hours, 8 a.- m. to G p. n.
Sundays. 9 a. m. to 12 in.
Halstead & Co., Ltd
49.718.99 $208,991 13,
Under land net of 1S95
(four years). '
Cash sales ... 2 990 89 $ 39.923.73
loiulltlons . .. .!V97.33 239.043 10
10,591.22 $279,500 89
MONEY ADVANCED ON SUGAR
921 Fort Street
TEL. MAIN 133.
The "land art of 1895" has proved
well suited to the conditions In thu j
Hawaiian Islands. Under It thu ne-
iiiaiul for public- land has been actlvo
and tnir prices have been realized foi
thu benefit of the public treasury. i
Speculation and "land grabbing4'
have been minimized, .11 nil a marked
linprovementnnd development of lands .uofjoLiiiii
tnktn Is evident The success of tho
net would not he questioned by any' Orders for the purchase or sale ol
Impartlnl observer familiar with the j stocks and bonds carefuly and prompt.
STOCK AND BOND BROKER.
ly executed. Loans negotiated.
The extremely varied quality of the offleeRoom ,,. 4lh . B.n..
wald Bldg. Postofflce box 890; Tale-
private lands, and tho special needs
of thu people, togetner with tho duty
of best utilizing the limited public do
main, required land laws drawn to
meet sin h speclnl conditions, ami
these In nil essential points Have been
met h the "land net of 1893"
phone Main 331.
4-f-f4-f 4-f4-f4-4--f 4-4-T4-
1 IDE I
I TURK'S J
Wo know ot will enjoy
theso wines. They aro tho very
choicest, am puro and of tho
vlntago of 1895, Some of the
J. H. FISHER
Stock and Bond Broken.
FIRE ASSOCIATION, of PhlladstphI
WE8TERN ASSURANCE CO, f To
ronto. Offices Stangenwald tlda- II
chant Street. Tel. iisln M.
Beaver Lunch Rooms
Fort St.. bet. Queen and Merchant
We want jour order.
Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner
Evei y thing first-class. Complete Una
Key West and Domestic Cigars alwayi
H. J. NOLTE, - Proprietor.
I Gomes & McTighe
X Telephone Main 140. Z