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SUNDAY BULLETIN,- HONOLULU, H. T., SUNDAY, APHIL 6, 1D02.
Women Who Toil and Spin
FOR UNCLE SAM
In the Federal Departments
We are the agents for the celebrated
COLOGNE, SOAPS and TOILET
We can recommend them.
Hollister Drug Go.
HARMONY LODGE, NO. 3, I. O. O. F.
Meets every Monday evening at 7:30
la Harmony Hall. King street
H. McKECUNY, N. O.
E. It. HENDRY, Secretary.
All visiting brothers very cordially
MYSTIC LODGE NO. 2, K. of P.
Meets every Tuesday evening at 7:30
4'clock In I'urmouy Hall, King street.
Visiting brothers cordially Invited to
11. J. OALLAOHER. C. C.
A- E. MUKPHY. K. R. S.
OAHU LODGE, No. 1, K. of P.
eets every Friday evening at liar
y Hall, King street, at 7:30. Mem
of Mystic Lodge, No. 2, and visit
brothers cordially Invited.
F. W. DUNN. C.C.
ED. C. ALDIUCH,
K. of R. & a.
fe. W. Quinn,
Patronage of Owners, Architects
and Builders solicited.
1168 Union St. Phone, Main 394
E. T. DREIER
Contracting and Consulting Electrical
Engineer, - Plans, Specifications
and Estimates Prepared, - Dealer
in Electric Supplies.
OFFICE Room 8, Magoon Bldg.
TEL. DLUE 281.
Kahikinni Meat Market
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES
Berctanla 8treet, Corner Alakea.
'Phone Blue 2511.
Also AT THE
MEAT STALL8 10 AND 20.
fine English and American Goods
65 Hotel street, and
Hotel near Nuuanu
r o. Box 6i. TEt whiti
Weekly edition of the Bulletin $1 a
x , .--j ' .- sill $-'', ,.
li Loaded Up With
Scotch Shortbread; Cakes, all sizes,
prices ana styles; Pies, Just like your
mother used to make; Cookies, Maca
roons; Lady Fingers; Cream Puffs;
and all the dainty styles suitable lor
tho wcll-furnlshcd table.
Tons of Puro Candy, from cheap
grado for children, up o better grades.
For 60c wo can furnish you a box of
DeliclouB Candles worth a dollar elso
where. Ring up Main 74.
NEW ENGLAND BAKERY
IF YOU WANT TO BE HAPPY
MANOA VALLEY, near car line
Two-story mosqulto-proof house with
threo bedrooms, electric light, stnblo
and servants' quarters.
Lot 100 x COO, commanding exten
$30 a month.
Gastle & Lansdale
REAL ESTATE, INSURANCE,
606-507 Stangenwald, Building.
Telephone Main 70.
29 KING ST., NEAR BETHEL
A. A. MONTANO announces tho
"SPRING OPENING" of tho LATEST
MILLINERY. New and exquisite de
signs In hats and bonnets.
A flno new stock of Ladles', Misses'
and Infants Muslin Underwear now on
A. A. MONTANO
Millinery and Dressmaking House,
Hotel St. near Fort.
HIANUFACTURED FROM PURE
DISTILLED WATER. : : : :
Delivered to any part of
city by courteous drivers.
OaiiD Ice and Electric Co
TELEPHONE DLUE 3151.
HOFFHAN & HARKHAH.
Gonsalves & Co.,
AND WINE MERCHANTS.
22? Queen St., Honolulu, H. I
The BROOKLYN SALOON
Between Merchant and Qusen.
W. M. Cunningham. Jno. 8cha.f
tho old Sewing Machlno Agent, is still
In business at 942 BETHEL STREET,
Stock on Hand Standard, Domes
tic, National, Seamstress, New Home,
Household, Expert and Vintfex.
Call and see. Try and buy.
IF YOU WISH TO ADVERTISE
ANVWItCRO AT ANVTIMD
Call on or Writ.
I E.C. DAM'S ADVERTISING AGEHCY
64 & 65 Merchants' Gxclx-nto
nn rKrtnidMiiii ,,.
' V wjiWUA&'i
Washington, D. C, March 29. Ac
cording to the icports of tho United
States Chll Service Commission,
about one-third of all employees In the
Qovurnment departments nt Washing
ton nie females. Several receive over
$2,500 per annum, nbout oj rccclvo
$1.t!0O per annum, 100 rccclvo $M00
per annum, -150 receive 11,200, 300 receive-
$1,000, and tho remainder re
ceive from $060 to $800 per annum.
The Government employee nt Wash
ington Is always regarded by tho out
sider with more or less envy, livery
little woman who cannot play tho part
of one of Solomon's "lilies of the field"
but must "toll" or "spin," looks with
jealous longing at what nro supposed
to be tho "snaps" at Washington, Thn
"snaps" arc Just waiting to be picked
up by tho right people; and with that
cold-blooded Institution, tho V. S. Civil
SuTTlco Commission, In priinu working
order, the right people nro very easily
selected. Jual open tho "Mnnucl of
examinations for tho Civil Service of
the United States, Revised to January
1, 1902," and glance over tho table
showing tho number of applicants ex
amined, tho number that passed and
(he number appointed to ofllca during
the past threo years. The malo and
female, nro nicely classified, and Just
at first there appears to bo an appal
ling array of blanks on tho femalo
Bide. This goes to prove that woman
Is not Invading man's work as rapidly
as some have feared. Still sho Is do
ing very well, nnd It Is somewhat sur
prising to find her represented oppo
site such occupations as that of Immi
grant Inspector, weather observer, and
deputy United States Marshals,. How
ever, thcro aro plenty of positions In
the Government scrvlco that sho navcr
will try fur, because nature never In
tended she should do that particular
Three Thousand Examined.
Tho Civil Service records for last
year show that 3.0S3 women wero ex
amined for tho various positions cpen
to them under the Civil Service. Of
these 2,475 passed, nnd 444 were ap
pointed; 1,351 of tho applicants exam
ined camo under the, head of "skilled
labor." This Is the easiest examina
tion given, and the lowest salaries aro
paid to those appointed Under It, tho
remuneration amounting from 25 cents
an hour ($20 to $40 per month) to $50
a month. Tho higher ealnrles gener
ally go to the men employed from this
class: the lowest salaries nro paid to
The most popular examination for
tho women is that for stenographers
and typewriter. "Good stenograph
ers" is tho ceaseless demand of tho
Department olllclal not mediocre
but good, 'par excellence. On steno
graphic examination days tho big,
dreary examination room at the Com
mission Is crowded with tho trembling
applicants,,. Nowadays, tho steno
grapher Is of necessity a typewriter,
and tho preliminary tinkle and click
reverberates from every known make
of wilting machine. Tho men pre
dominate. I-ast year they numbered
5C3, while the women had llttlo more
than halt that representation, or 307,
yet the averago passing wob larger
on tho female side, nut when It camo
to the question of appointment, 89 out
of the 174 men who passed received
good positions; whllo only 13 out of
the 100 women on the eligible list were
appointed, These positions carry n
salary or from $600 to $1200 a year;
tho stenographers of bureau chiefs re
ceive $1,000, and those of tho heads of
departments, $1,S00. The Commission
er of Pensions employs a woman sten
ographer and many of tho lower offi
cials refiiBO to have male steuogiaph
ers In their offices.
Preference Given to Men.
In those classes 'which are open to
tho competition of both men and wo
men, the records show much greater
ability on the side of the latter. Last
year there wero 3,033 male applicants,
and 2.17S female for these examina
tions. The successful competitors
numbered 1,785 malo and 1,014 female,
and yet three times as many men as
women were appointed. This prefer
ence for tho male cleik In loo Depart
ments will endure as long as tho btorn
or sex sit In the high places. A thou
sand reasons are urged why men
should have tho preference. Tho very
poorest is that a woman In an offlco
Interferes with tho freedom of Its malo
contingent. Ab freedom is frequently
construed to mean an absunco of runts
In warm weather, and an atmosphere
of plutonlan density in cold weather,
then by all means let us have the "in
terference," Tho best reason offered
Is that tho averago Government salary
is big enough for two, and thorcforo
should go to the head of a family or to
tho prospective head. AH very well
and good as far as tho present head of
a family goes but as fop tho pros
pective head, he Is apt to think a very
long tlpio before ho really confesses
that $100 a month divided by two, or
yfljUfaflffiiii affifps,, ,i 0 tmMmi.r,mtmM iwrmiMMwwM'-y
(Special to the Bulletin.)
more. Is quite as pleasant as the un
divided whole. Furthermore, this
reason might servo as' equally good
ground for employing women. Hardly
one woman out of every fifty In tho
Departments (If wo except tho girls In
tho Customs Uurenu) but Is either tho
nead of n family or ono of Its main
props. A great many have, mothers
whom tlmy car. for, whllo tho broth
ers arc married or perhaps not doing
Promotion Goes by Merit.
To tho hard working girl of Chicago,
New York, and many other of tho big
and llttlo cities of our country; tho
Government clert who draws a gen
erous salary on tho first and fifteenth
of every month, Is regarded with al
most vindictive envy. An erroneous
opinion prevails that sho Is shoved In
to position by an Influential member
of congress; that her working hours
arc a sort of quiet resting time, and
that Congressional backing Is con
stantly pushing her a notch on tho sal
ary roll. Now, she Is no moro a fit
subject for Jealousy than any "other
successful business woman. Sho works
Just as hard and harder sometimes
than her sister on the outside. In tho
first place all tho Influence In Wash
ington won't put her on tho "eligible
list" of the Civil Service Commission.
Sho must work hard nnu mus( have
ability to get there. In the second
place, when she has secured a place
she must work to keep It, and expert
labor for six hours and a half a day Is
not easy. There must bo no errors In
accounts, no Mistakes In letters, no
misstatement of facts. Government
work Is well paid for only when well
done. In the third placo promotions
uro tho reward of merit. A very strik
ing illustration of this occurred tho
last winter when a young woman was
mado chief of one of the divisions of
the Post Office Department, because
sho knew more about the work of that
particular division than any other em
ployee In It. She receives a salary of
$2,240, ono of the best paid to any wo
man In the service.
Miss Thora Stejnejcr, of the Smith
sonian Institute, is another woman
who Is earning largo wages. Mlsi
Stejnejer Is a Norwegian who has do
voted her life to tho study of animals.
Sho has charge of the classification of
all animals received by tho Smithso
nian, and many arc tho queer speci
mens sho examines nnd labels with
tho skill of an expert, day after day.
year In and year out.
Among the Indian Schools.
Miss Gstelle Reel, Superintendent of
Indian Schools, does tho work and en
dures the hardships that aro supposed
to bo tho lot of men exclusively. Her
woric takes her all over tho West, nnd
through many Eastern States. Tho
poorest Indian school on the far away
frontier must b visited qulto as reg
ularly as the famous Institutions at
Carlyle and Hampton. Miss Reel has
hud many adventures and not a few
mishaps. Often she 1b obliged to drive
for miles In a buckboard or on a rat
tling stnge coach, and camp all night
on tho open pralrli the rustling grasB
for a matress, a Navajo blanket for
covering, tho star studded sky for
canopy, anJ a dear revolver for com
pany. I.aBt year whllo fording a river
In Indian Territory, her wagon was
upset, and Bhe was swept down stream
for nearly half a mile, and was res
cued by a cowboy Just as she was be
ing whirled Into somo deep and dan
gerous rapids. No ono will say that
tills woman does not earn her $3000
a year with the additional $1,500 for
traveling expenses and subsistence.
If Miss Reel could eat Undo Sam's
greenbacks and gold pieces, every
thing would be comfortable, but thcro
aro Indian villages where nil tho "nec
essary expense" appropriations for
tho White House state dinners would
not buy a square meal. Recently Miss
Reel wrote a text book for uso In la
ding Schools, which embraces every
topic of educational training for the
It Is a mistaken Idea also that good
looks Influence promotions. A case
In mind Is that of a young lady In one
of tho Departments, most wholly un
prepossessing In appearanco who en
tered the Government service as a
copyist, was advanced to a stenograph,
er's position and whllo holding that
studied that branch of law applicable,
to tho work of tho Department In
which sho was employed. Called up
on by accident to examine a complicat
ed case, Bho rendered so comprehen
sive and able, a legal opinion that she
was ptotnoted 10 tho position of law
clerk which she now holds. All this
without political Influence or the sup
posed, Influence of good looks.
Salarlet and Matrimony.
Outside of the salaries paid skilled
laborers, printer's assistants and press
feeders, which rarely If over exceed
$40 a month," remuneration for women
In tho Departments runs from $660 to
$1,400 a year, that 1b for the average
cleik. It has been urged that the wo
men drawing these comparatively
good salaries are being spoiled for
wives. Perhaps they are. No one can
blame a girl for being reluctant to give
up a comfortable Incomo and tho free
dom to live as she pleases for the
cares and worries of married life.
When Department girls do marry,
they usually make a success of It
They do not have to look out for a
home, and the business girl of today
has a fireproof heart. No dashing
ne'er do well enn hopo to catch her
fancy and her neat nest egg. Sho
meets and knows too many men not
to be able to catalog them. Then tho
matrimonial chances in Washington
nie few. It (s not a business town.
Take away the Government and the
filnce would be dead In no time, Mnnu
factories, there are none. Tho malo
Department clerk Is not an "eligible '
by any means. He frequently get3 no
more per month than his female co
laborer, and sometimes less. A large
proportion o'f them live from hand to
mouth, and arc "flush" on salary day
and'broko" on all others.
Experts in the Treasury.
Much has been said and written
about tho "old ladles of the Treasury.'
'it Is true that there are a great many
elderly women In thnt Department
but surely their age Is no cause, for
complaint. Some are in tho seventies,
one or two have drifted along to eighty
odd. Their salaries all touch or over
lap the hundred dollar mark per
month. Among them aro tho Widows
and daughters of famous men. For
years they have worked In this blsgest
bank of the world, and millions upon
millions of dollars have they helped to
pour out through the enormous check
books over which their whlto heads
nre constantly bent. The Treasury
contains the most Interesting workers
In Washington these are tho women
whose skillful eyes and dellcnto fin
gers can detect a counterfeit in a sec
ond. So expert are they that a glance
suffices. Occasionally, However, a
counterfeit is so near the original that
It takes considerable time and labor
to prove the forgery. In tho case of a
bogus bill, trie paper Is soaked and
then separated by means of a slender
knife. The Government greenback Is
made up of threo thin sheets pressed
together with halrllke threads of silk
between them. One can Imagine the
steadiness of band required to separ
ate these sheets one from anothet
without tearing or-mutllatlng them In
any way. These women arc not paid
extremely large salaries for lhell
work, not over $1,800 per annum, jet It
Ib doubtful If many men could b
found to do tfie work regardless of sal
ary. Somo pension officials declare that
It male Instead of female clerks were
employed on tho pension cascH of our
old soldiers, their widows and orphans,
the 'poor prospective pensioners would
dlo of starvation before action was
reached on their claims. In, cases
where exactitude to tho verge of fin
Icklness Is required, women aro hotter
clerks than men. This has been borne
out In the work of the Census Office
where the tabulating machines, re
quiring unending patience and the
most skillful exactness of touch, are
all run by women.
Experience In Census Bureau.
The Census Bureau has proven a
source of much contention. Coming
as Its organization did nt the closo of
the Spanish-American War, It was a
Godsend to many families that had
suffered loss of husband, son or broth
er In' that conflict. There should be
some consideration of this fact shown
in the dismissals which aro now tak
ing place. However, a grent many
clerks were employed who realized
that their work would be of a tempora
ry character. Somo few aro prepared
for dismissal, but the great majority
have spent their money carelessly and
without thought for tho morrow, and
these find themselves In an unpleasant
I position. .They have acquired a taste
.for Washington life, and go back to
ino larm, or me siore, or 10 1110 nine
co'untry home, discontented and with
longings which cannot be satisfied.
Without doubt, these 2,000 or more
young men and women wfio have been
.employed In the Census Bureau have
added to the revnu of the street car
companies andthe confectioners of
Washington for the past year or bo;
and the prettily gowned figures and
gay young voices of tho girls will be
missed from the streets of tho Capital.
I It Ib a well dressed crowd of women
and girls who troop down to the De
partments In the mornings, the women
many of them, once from wealthy
j families dressed In sombre black, tho
I girls In short skirts nnd tailored
waists. Indeed this sensible costume
of short skirt and shirtwaist has ocn
come a uniform so general has been
Its adoption. It signalizes tho passing
of tho old Idea that woman In business
Is playing at work. Sho has tried It
Pretty nearly everything that you
can think of In the harness lino la In
cluded In our big display.
Every harness we sell Is a bargain,
and wo sell all kinds from light track
androad to heavy coach and team
harness. From no one else can you
get tho harness value wo give you.
Sole Agents J. A. McKerron's flno
Harness and Horse Boots.
C. F. Herrick
128 Merchant St., next to 8tnnfjenwnld BulldlnjJ.
Ask your physician about
you of it's purity and tonic
other beers to preserve it,
SHREVE & CO,, San Francisco
To facilitate trade with the Hawaiian Islands, will deliver
all goods purchased or ordered of them, free of all charges
for transportation to Honolulu or returning samo to San
Francisco. Ooods will he sent on selection to those know
ing the firm, or who will furnish satisfactory references In
Jewelers, Gold and Silver Manufacturers,
Market O Post 8ts., 8. P.
Illustrated CATALOGUE and prices furnished upon receipt
of request. Wo have the largest manufactory of Jewelry
and Silverware west of New York City, and aro prepared to
furnish special designs.
A. V. GUAR, President.
The Honolulu Investment Co., Ltd,
Insure your Life, Property, Household Goods or Merchandise
In the best and strongest companies, as represented by
The Honloulu Investment Co,, Ltd,, Merchant St.. Judd Building
GEO. A. MARTIN, Tailor, Boston Building,
and found It good, now Bhe Is going
to dress herself for It, nnd those, of
her sex nho are ambitious and ener
getic enough to secure tho sheckcls
from Uncle Sam's money bag should
not be objects of envy, but rathor of
The way of obtaining these places Is
long and tedious, but under the meth
ods employed by tho Civil Servlco
Commission It Is open to all, and nq
matter how remote tho placo may be
opportunities are given those who live
there to talte the Civil Servlco exam
ination which Is tho prerequisite for
employment In tho Govcrnsment ser
vice. 3. A. HRECKONS.
OR, WM. G. ROGERS,
SURGEON AND SPECIALIST.
Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Excluilvf V
REMOVED to new office, 1146 Ala
kea Street, opp. Hawaiian Hotel.
Hours, 9 to 12, 3 to 6:30, 7 to 8; Sui;
days, 9 to 11.
Dr. Archibald. Sinclair.
Offices Itooms 208-209 Boston build
ing. Fort Street.
Telephones Office, Main 385; Be
Idence, White 2861.
Hours 11 a, m. to 1 p. m,; 3 to I
p. m.; 7 to 8 p.m.; Sundays, 12 to 2 p.ta
P. O. Box 801.
A. 0. WALL, D.D.S.
0. E. WALL, D.fiiS.
(xivn Building, Fort Street
Hours. 9 to 4. Telephone Main 32t
HART & CO.,1
rilE ELITE ICE CREAM PARLORS
Flnelee Creams and Water lois,
Chocolate and Confections.
The Finest Resort In the City.
Try our "Elite" Oyster Cocktails.
PRIMO BEER and he will tell
properties, Not fortified like
Order a trial case for home use
EMMHTT MAY, Secretory.
Architects, Contractor! and Bulldsr
F. W. Beardslee. P. O. Bos T7(
Qeo. W. Page. Tal. II
BEARDSLEE 5fe PA.CIB
Architects and Builder.
Offices, Elite building, Honolulu, T. II.
Sketches and Correct Estimates tar
nlshed on Short Notice.
V. HOFFMANN P. Kilt
Hoffman & Riley
P, O. Boi ifcj
Tel. Main 193.
Jobbing promptly attend! te.
OF ALL KINDS.
Dealers in Lumber and Coal.
Alton 5fc Robinson,
Qneen Street, Honolulu.
M. R. BERTELMAJV8
18 - MOVBD
To rear of old stand. Entranc oa
King street. Orders left at either, tioi
or office at John Nott'i store, Kiai
street, will receive prompt attention.
has romoved to the
Arlington Block, Hotel Street,
In the store formerly occupied by
H. W. Foster.
505, Corner of Berctanla Ave. and Fundi!
All Work Done By Hand,
Curtains, Lace Silk and Glove Cleaning a
A15ADIU & CO.