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VOLVOL. 1, NO. 11.
HONOLULU, TERRITORY OF HAWAII, SUNDAY, APRIL 6, 1902.
CE riVfi CENTS.
Chinese Exclusion and Its Relation To American Labor and Industry
v. i :
So much has been said with refer
ence to tho proposed re enactment of
the Chlncso Exclusion Law, that It
seems superfluous to add anything
more. But tho vlld statements of
some unscrupulous politicians bate
been such, that they can not be left
It Is contended that tho fundamental
reason why tho Chlncso should bo ex
cluded from tiie United States Is, that
their unrestricted Immigration would
hurt American laborers. This brings
up another question, Docs America
need Chinese laborers, or does she not
need them, to develop and Increase
her enormous argtcultural resources?
To answer this "leffacts be submitted
to the candid world."
The Instability of tho American
unskilled laborers as evidenced by
their continual strikes, especially that
of last year, when tons of fruit were
left to rot, resulting In the ruin of
many a farmer and the stagnation of
business generally, mado It necessary
that more reliable laborers be procur
ed. The farmer and capitalists should
not suffer Just because American la
borers can not be procured to do the
work Tho progrosB of the country
should not bo hampered and checked
just becauBo of the instability of Am
erican unskilled laborers.
In order to Insure tho progress and
prosperity of tho country nt large, and
:: tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt ti tt ti it tttt
A WOMAN'S CLUB
"What is a Woman's Club?' No Idle place
Wherein to chatter of tho last new play,
Or whisper of a sister gono astray,
Or Etrlp with cruel gossip every trace
Of sweet ncss from somo llfo borne down with strife.
'TIs not n place where fashion reigns supreme,
Whero lack of stylo is sin bet ond redeem.
Where outward garb Is more than Inward life:
No room Is there for caroless Jest or sneer,
For delving Into dark dajs safely past
Or meaning glances with dire purposo caBt,
To cause Bomo trembling soul to blush or fear.
All these aro what a woman's cliib Is not- - . -
Things left behind, outgrown, despised, forgot,
What Is a Woman's Club? A meeting ground,
For those of purposo great nnd broad nnd strong,
Whoso aim Is toward tho stars, who over long
To make the patient, listening world resound "
With sweeter music, purer, nobler tones,
A placo where kindly, helf.tl words aro said
And kindlier deeds are doms whero hearts aro fed:
Whero wealth of brain fur poicrty atones.
And hand grasps hand au 1 soul finds touch with soul.
Whero victors in tho race for famo and power
Look backward oven In their triumph hour.
To beckon others toward tho shining goal.
This Is a Woman's Club, s haven fair, '
Where tollers drop an hour their load of care.
What Is a Woman's Club? The fabric of a dream
Touched with an altar coal and mado alive.
Instinct with hope for these who toll and strive
And wait to catch that Jojous da) "a first gleam
That ushers In n better, frcrr nge".
When right for one shall be for alt tho right;
When nil together In lire's moll and fight.
The war for right and trft'h shall bravely wage.
Sara A. Palmer.
tt tt tt tt tt it tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tttt
X Used at i
i Ammunition rr.
A recent Investigation by Hear Ad- Tho ammunition expended by Samp
mlial O'Neill, Chief of the Naval Bu- son's fleet In crushing Cervera's off
reau ot Ordnance, has revealed somo Santiago amounted to 1C4.7 tons; the
curious facts relating to the cost of projectiles thrown weighed 114 3 tonB.
the war with Spain, and gives the cost Thirteen hundred rounds wero fired
ot ammunition expended at the deel- from tho main batteries, 8174 from
slve natal battles of Manila and San- the secondary, a total of 9174 rounds
tlago The details ot tho ordnance work are
In the fight with Montojo's fleet nt as follows:
Manila, our vessels expended 132 tons
of ammunition, including powder; the
cost was 150.014 37. Nearly 67 tons of
metal were thrown 009 exactly In
D.S3S discharges. Ot theso, 1413
I omuls were fired by tho main batter-
les of our fleet, and 4445 by tho sec-
ondarj batteries. Tho Baltimore fired
195 lounds from her main, and 1239
from her secondary, batteries, at a 124, or 1.3 per cent, are known to have
tost of $10,943.71; tho metal thrown hit their marks; the Oquondo was
weighed 1B.4 tons. Tho Olympla fired struck 01 times, the Vlscava 28 times,
1077 rounds from her main and sec- the Maria Teresa 29 times and tho Co
ondary batteries, 317 from the former, Ion G tlmos, Bcccnt target practice
1360 from tho latter, the projectiles In the British Navy has developed a
weighing 13.1 tons; Iho cost wat tery much greater percentage of hits;
$10 005 35. yet In that piactlco tho targets wero
The Boston tired HOG rounds, 210 stationary, and the vessels firing wero
nnd M'i, from hor respective batteries, (moving at a fixed speed. In tho battle
nt a cost of $9,778.20; tho projectiles off Santiago the targets wcromovlng
wished 13 7 tons. Tho Italelgli threw ( as rapidly as they could, and the pur
10 2 tons of metal In 591 rounds, 294 filing vcssols following at constantly
fiom the malnbattery, 297 from the .Increasing speed. It is ovldcnt that
secondary: tho cost was $8020 G4. The war conditions are not to bo roproduc
Concoid tired 682 rounds, 8 9 tons, the led In penco. Evidence ot our good
batteries throwing respectively 182 marksmanship lies In the fact that
nr.u 400 rounds; tho cost was $0400 40, the cost of tho ammunition oxpended
nnd tho Tetrel fired 5 0 tons of metal J In defeating Spain at sea was only
In 115 rounds from hor main nnd 313 about $176,000, of which $134,909 11
fmln.her nthpr liftHnilrta J9fi rnmwla uma Bnint In thn turn ftnplalin ltnttlna
y nltogniher nt an expense o 514235 95
the capitalist and employers of labor
In particular, more reliable laborers
should be obtained. The Chlneso are
the only people that will answer tho
purpose. The Industry and stlcktolt
lvcness of tho Chlneso are no new
characteristics of tho race, and this is
not unknown to tho employers of la
bor. The reclaiming of wasto grounds,
and the turning of them Into fruitful
lands and vineyards, may Ce treated
as a criterion of tho Industry of this
people. It wero Idle to enumerate tne
taluo of the Chinese as field laborers,
for their Industry and usefulness
nre too widely known to require any
detailed treatment in this brief article.
These fair Islands of tho sea, now
a part and parcel of tho Great Ropub
Hc of tho West, will have; everything
to lose and nothing to gain by tho re
enactment of tho Chinese Exclusion
I,aw. This is a result recognized by
the planters, merchants, and tho pub
lic generally as Inevitable. To show
that the business men hato been allte
to the occasion, they hato carried
their convictions Into practlco by
sending a lengthy petition to Congress
prajlng for a special enactment allow
ing Hawaii to Import a limited num
ber of Chinese laborers In the cent of
the re enactment of tho Chinese Ex
clusion Law. The reason that Chlncso
laborers aro desired Js not because
they work for the least compensation,
ti ti ti it tt tt tt tt tt tt tt it tt tt tt
tt tt tt tt
tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt it tt tt
, Vixen .. . 45
Out of tho 9474 rounds Area
'of Manila nnd Santiago.
but because of their Industry and re
liability facts which the planters rec
ognize and hence their preference to
havo them instead of others. This
preference Is not because they havo
any fondness for the Chinese cither,
but because they hate found by ex
perience that the Chinese are tho most
rellablo and Industrious workers of
any they have jet emplojed.
Tho commercial prestige of a nation
depends In a great measure upon Its
agricultural prosperity. Now to In
sure tho agricultural prosperity of tho
United States, It has been Bhown, Chi
nese laborers are required. This will
mean that unstablo American laborers
wilt be replaced by the moro rellablo
Chlneso laborers, and this Is what. It
Is claimed, hurts American laborers.
Now let us nBk thoso who fat or Chi
nese exclusion, whether, the benefits
gained by tho country nt largo by the
employment of Chinese laborers will
not moro than outweigh the detriment
to unstablo American laborers? Tho
question Is simply this, It the Amerl
can laborers will not take ndtantage
of their opportunities nnd adtance the
interests of their employers and con
sequently that of the country at large,
thcjttlll hate to surfer the conse
quences. For employers of labor, not
witling to Buffer Just because of the
Instability of American laborers, will
look elsewhere for laborers to dot clop
Was At An End
It was tho lato Henry Dlsston's hab
it to make periodical tours of Inspec
tion through his saw factory. On one
of these rounds ot Investigation, sud
den. y halting with his manager near
n leng line of workmen, and directing
ids attention to one of the number,"
be said abruptly.
"Do you see over there?" can
ing the employe by name, "I want him
The manager remonstrated with
him: "Why, that man Is the most
skilful machinist on our pay roll. I
Ihluk j on aro making n great mistake,
"I know," Bald Mr. Dlsston, "his me
rhanlcnl skill Is not In question, but
i? mnn has boasted In a public place
itmt Harry Dlsston cannot run this fac
tory without his brains, nnd when any
employe of mine has that estimate of
blii capabilities as to think no man can
fill his place, his usefulness hero Is nt
an end. I Insist upon his dismissal."
An Irishman entered a Jeweler's
shop on Mnlden lane a few days ago
and aBked to see some nlco mantel
"I'm after wantln' tcr give tho miss
us a bit av a clock for tho mantel. Will
vez be so kind as t' show mo wan?"
Tho obliging clerk brought out rne
that struck the Irishman's fnncy.
"And well yez tell mo what jcz
woftw tax me fcr the likes of that?"
"Twenty-flvo dollars," said tho clerk.
"Twlnty-flvo dollars? fiowly mur
ther! Fer that llttlo bit nv n clock?
Is there something wonderful about
that bit av a clock, will jez tell me?"
"Certainly." Bald the clerk. "That
Is an eight-day clock."
"And phwnt is tfiat?" asktd tho
"Why. It goes eight davs without
"So much ns that?" said tho Irish
man, scratching his head. "Begorra,
thero's wan thing I'd fTEe to bo nfthor
(if kin' ez. If that bit av a clock goes
right das without winding, how long,
fer tli' sake av St. Patrick, will It go If
vcz wind It?"
"Why do )ou go out between
acts at tho theater?"
"BecausoT fear It would disturb
pcoplo If I went out whllo tho net was
V V T V V T V S- -C f
3 col Anent Mother Gooso
Oh when I was a llttlo boy,
With ringlets (lying loose,
I loted before my finest toy
The rhtmes of Mather Goose;
And now, though my bald headed days
Havo turned my whiskers white,
I rend theso ancient baby lays
With all the old delight.
tho agricultural resources of the land,
and to Increase their business enter
prises. As It has been said, tho com
mercial prcstlgo of a nation depends
In a great measure upon Its agricul
tural prosperity, It would not Justify
Congress to re enact the Exclusion
Law In ticw of tho facts submitted.
Tho samo thing may bo sold of unskill
ed laborers In any line of work other
than agricultural. If they aro wilting
to work steadily and do their best to
advance the Interests of their employ
ers, It would bo their own fault If they
should be replaced by Chinese labor
ers. If the barriers are let down, It Is
claimed, the country would bo flooded
with Chinese, so that bloodshed will
bo tho inotltablo result. To show that
such fear Is groundless and without
reason, I would ask: For vrtiat pur
poso do the Chinese mlgrato to Amer
ica? Do they not go to America to get
employment whereby they could make
a lltlng and sate up their earnings for
future contingencies? As long ns
there Is employment for them, jou
may bo sure, they will tako advantago
of It; but If they cannot sccuro em
ployment there, they will go elsewhere
to seek It. So if tho American labor
ers will stick to their work and labor
to ndvanco the interests of their em
p1o)cra as well as their own, they may
be suro that there Is no danger that
I THOSE LITTLE THINGS
THAT OFTEN COUNT
ilovv often In our busy life
Wu fpeak a bitter word:
We rare not who the listeners
Wo care not where 'tis heard.
Wo do not know within our
To what It may amount,
And truly, It is only ono
Of Little Things That Count.
We often wound the trusting ;V
By being Insincere.
Wc do not think that which wo
May cause a lonely tear.
We give It but a passing
And bother not about
Tho Little Things that rlso nnd
The trusting heart to doubt.
We often wrong within ouraclf
The ones who lovo us true,
Becauso they tell us of a fault;
We're all Impatient loo.
And do not down tho angry
That to our lips may mount.
But watch nnd wait; 'tis only
Of Llttlo Things That Count.
How often from our very heart
We let our anger rise,
And never mind tho pleading
That como from soulful eyes;
Wo cruBh. wo bruise, In pas
And scorn tho falling tear;
Little Things, oh. Llttlo Things,
What sorrow wrought jou hero!
You count, oh jes, you Llttlo
You count, but not for gain; it
You count to sadden trusting
You count for naught but pain.
You count as clouds in somo
You darken somo one's day;
O cruel llttlo deeds and words
Wo can't undo, unsay 1
Then ever speak the kindly
Instead of one of pride;
'Twill banish sorrow- from a
And anger turn aside,
Tho loving word and deed and
Is borno on angel wings,
And angel voices echo truo;
Bo kind In Little Things!
Kathryn O. Murray.
.;. .;. .;. .;. ,t .j. -
- ---- T - - 1-
I read them with t.io aamo old Joy,
And fancy flowing free,
Unto my golden headed boy
As they were read to me.
Ho clasps his hands and, all a-whlz,
Ills fcntuies glow nnd shine,
Until tho thoughts thnt now aro his
Aro thoso that once were mine.
the country will be flooded with Chi
nese. So much for Chinese Immigration as
far as It affects American laborers. Let
us now look at the exclusion policy ot
America from an International stand
pointas between China ond America
From latest accounts, wo learned that
the Chinese Government has lodged a
protest with Minister Congor, United
States Ambassador to tho Chinese
court, against any discriminating lawi
being enacted against her citizens,
Were the exclusion law re-enacted,
would It not Justify the Chinese gov
ernment to put the same barriers In the
way of Americans who may seek en
trance to the Celestial Kingdom? For
tho United States Government must
hato anticipated such treatment If bIic
Is so anxious to exclude tho Chinese
since It Is the cherished precept of the
American people as welt as others, to
do to others as they wish others to da
to them. Thus America should not
complain when reciprocal treatment
Is accorded her citizens. Such reci
procal treatment will bring about n
condition of affairs, the extent of which
is not beyond the range of human per
ception. It is an undeniable fact that China,
owing to her reverses and humiliation
of recent tears, has awakened to the
realization of her backwardness and
the necessity of adopting modern
wajs and methods, so that she may
take a petition among tho progressive
powers of the earth Evidences of her
tendency to modernize aro beginning to
be apparent. The Americans know nnd
Age In a Family.!
Mr. Allen McKay of Tajlorsvlllo Is
' visiting bis slBtcr, Mrs. Maria Haney
jlr. McKay is past SO jcars old, and
,ls on his way to Ills homo In Taylors-
title nHer n tlslt to his brother, Mr.
George McKay of Palestine, Tex, who
, Is 93 years of nge. Mr. McKay Is as
lltcly and hearty as a man of DO, nnd
' no one would think that ho had passed
his sixtieth year.
While In Texas ho
visited his sister, Mrs. Susan
( D .mean, who has seen 91 summers,
Mm. IFnnnv flf Lnnwlfiflrriia !l nnr
, .... ,.......,
I Mr. Charles McKay, tho baby of the
, family. Is an active joulh of 71. Tho
-.average ago ot six brothers and sisters
Is 85 j ears, and It Is believed that
jthero Is not another family In the
. United Stntcs that can equal tho rec-
J-1 ord. All of them aro In good health
nnd tho full enjoyment of their facul-
ties, and thero Is not one of them that
8- cannot reasonably oJtpcct to llvo bcv
: era! years moro at least, especially
S- when It Is known that their mother
'died only a fow tears ago nt tho ago
( of 100 years Ovvensboro (Ky) Inqulr
Man Should Be
Good to Himself
. I Many bo called successful men are
., their own worst enemies. They would
... never think of nbuslug n horse or any
I other dumb animal as they imposo
. I upon themselves. They go without
. I eating, are Irregular at meals, and rob
. j themselves of sleep and recreation; In
.,, I fact, they violate every law of their
!iph)slcal and mental natures, nnd jet
I wonder why they nro grny-halred, dys
j, i peptic and bioken down beforo middle
life They cannot understand why
their ambition and greed to get on In
, tho world should nut bo tho measure
. of their strength, and bo they go on
.'forcing their binlns to work when ov
. I cry particle of nervous energy which
!lwas stored up the protlous twenty-
our uours nas ocen exhausted.
It makes all the difference in tho
world to ton whether jou cut off five.
ten or fifteen years of tour llfo by
foolish Indiscretion, abusing yourself
by overworking, or depriving jourself
of needed rest by not knowing cx
acuy now mucn jou can stand or
whether jou savo thoso precious cars
by obedience to tho laws ot health.
The Upper Dog.
Jasper I alwajs sympathize with
tho upper dog In a fight.
Jumpiippc You mean tbo under
dog, don't you?
Jasper No, I don't Somo fool phi
lanthropist Is suro to como along and
I kick In the ribs of tbo upper dog.
i 4 4-
. .j. & . .J. .. .J. .f. .5. if. .J. .J, ,
Perhaps when ho like mo Is old,
Ho'll take upon his knee
HV llttlo chlM wltn curls of gold
All floating fair and free;
And read him all thtso rhmes a beam
To make bis spirit glad,
And for a fleeting moment dream
About his dear old dad
the world knows that China will bo the
commercial center of the globe, owing
to her enormous resources jet unde
veloped, the largeness of her territory,
and the greatness of her population.
America's commercial Interests in
China, at present, arc large, and she Is
tying with tho European nations to
ndvanco and further increase her al
ready great Interests. By discriminat
ing laws against the Chinese on tho
rart of the United States, it would be
natural for China to retaliate and not
grant America the samo commercial
favors which she gives to other na
tions trading within the limits of her
territory. Well, jou say, this would
Lo contrary to the "most favored na
tion clause" provided in the treaty be
tween the two countries. But to jou,
my friends, who are no doubt familiar
with the pages of history, it must bo
unnecessary for me to recount tho va
rious times when America has violated
bcr treaty obligations with China.
That America has violated her treaty
obligations with China moro than once
is evidenced by the following from n
distinguished Trench diplomat:
"The policy of America has been dls
tlnctly aggressive nnd antl-Chlncso
Blnco 1808. The United States Got em
inent has In ctcry way outraged China,
has broken Its treaties time and again,
and If the history of these wrongs wero
written, It would show that China has
had reason for a declaration of war
ngalnst tho Government of the United
Stales time and again."
Not having the commercial favors
granted to other nations trading In the
Celestial Kingdom, and no longer nblo
I tttt tttt tttt tttt tttt tttt
S THE LORD'S PRAYER.
Thou to the morcy seat our souls dost gather,
To do our duty unto Theo , . OUII FATHER,
To whom all praise, all honor should be given,
For Thou art.the great God . . WHO AIIT IN HEAVEN,
Thou, by Thy wisdom, rul'st tb0 world's whole frame.
Forever, therefore, . . HALLOWED BE THY NAME.
Let notcrmore delay dltlde us from
Th) glorious grace, but let . . THY KINGDOM COME;
Let Thy commands opposed be by none.
But Thy good pleasure and -. . THY WILL BE DONE
And let our promptness to
Tho very same
Then for our souls, O Lord, wo also pray.
Thou wouldst bu pleased to . . GIVE US THIS DAY
Tho food of life, wherewith our bouIs nro fed,
Sufficient raiment, nnd . . OUII DAILY BREAD;
With every needful thing d0 Thou relict 0 us.
And of Thy mercy, pity . . AND FORGIVE US
All our misdeeds, for him whom Thou dld'st please
To make an offering for . . OUR TRESPASSES
And forasmuch, 0 Lord, as wc believe
That Thou wilt pardon us . . AS WE FORGIVE
Let that love teach, whcrowlth Thou dost acquaint us
To pardon all . . THOSE WHO TRESPASS AGAINST US;
And though, sometimes. Thou flnd'st we hate forgot
This lovo for Theo, jet help . . AND LEAD US NOT
Through soul or body's want to desperation.
Nor let earth's gain drive us . . INTO TEMPTATION,
Let not tne soul of any truo believer
Fall In tho tlmo of trial , ,' BUT DELIVER
Yea. sate them from tho malice of the Detll,
And both in life nnd denth, keep . . US FROM EVIL.
Thus pray we. Lord, for that of Thee from whom
This may bo had, . . FOR THINE IS THE KINGDOM,
This world Is of Thy work Its wondrous story.
To Theo belongs . . THE POWER AND THE GLORY,
And nil Thy wondrous worlds hate ended never,
But will remain . . FOR EVER AND FOR EVER.
Thus we poor creatures would confeBs again,
And thus would say eternally , . AMEN.
tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt
"It may not bo generally known,"
said a well known New Orleans barber
to a Times-Democrat reporter, "but It
Is a fact nevertheless that thero are
a number of women In Now Orleans
who Bhavo Just ns regular as the mon
"Yes, there uro a numuer of women
In tills dtv who have eiich a heavy
growth or beard thnt the) visit the
barber shops as ofUn as tho men
They aro simply forced to do It In or
der to keep tho growth of Deara from
marring tho beauty of their faces,
"Did jou notice tho lady who passed
along Just novv7 Sho was going to tho
shop noxt door, alio goes tlicro regu
larlj-, 4iid she goes thero for tho pur
pose of getting n shave Sho has an
to compete with her more favored rl
vals, the United States of America wilt
then find herself contending not
against China, but against the powcr3
of the civilized world doing business in
China, for the commercial supremacy
In tho l'lowery Kingdom. What elsa
can she do In the face ot such odds but
retreat, nnd give up the prospects of a
brilliant commercial enterprise, from
which she, through her own exclusion
policy, will hate excluded herself.
In the ctcnt of the re-enactment of
the Chinese exclusion law, America
will not be able to get reliable Chlneso
laborers to replace tho discontented,
unstable American laborers for labor
strikes arc not such uncommon occur
rences In the United States. American
laborers will presume to dictate to
their emplojers. This condition of af
fairs will cause a breach between labor
and capital that will materially ham
per and retard tho domestic progress
of the United States, Her foreign trade
will suffer In like proportion, when
capital and labor cannot work har
moniously together ton know what tho
Inctltnblo result will be. With her
commercial enterprises minimized, as
the direct result of the breach between
labor and capital, what will the world
think ot the United States? Will it re
gard her w 1th tho samo degree of rev
erence as It extends to her today?
Friends, this Is a commercial age, and
If a nation loses In commercial pres
tige. It loses tn political esteem. So
what will America gain by her exclu
CHARLES AH TOOK.
tt tttt tttt tttt tttt
cbiy bo even
EAItTH AS 'TIS IN HEAVEN.
tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt tt
(unusually heavy growth of whiskers
I for a woman, and no doubt tho habit
of Bhavlng has tended to aggravate tho
situation. But thero Is nothing for her
to do but keep on shaving, and so sho
I has becomo ono of the rogular patrons
01 ino piaco next door. I know a num
ber ot Instances of this sort In New
Orleans, nnd tho women who have
been game enough to tlslt tho barber
shops should bot congratulated on their
gameness nnd on their good taste.
"Why should a woman allow her
.race to wear a rough look on account
of a short, stubby growth of whiskers,
I any moro than a man should? No
I good excuse could bo offered for It.
Really, It would bo Infinitely moro gen-
j tcel and more cxcusablo In tho other
sex So I say let tho w omen shat o."