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SUNDAY BULLETIN, HONOLULU, It. T., SUNDAY, APRIL 13. 1902.
Tomorrow morning xxo will lie ready with an entire now shipment
of the prettiest goods ecr displayed in Honolulu. Another hlg ship
ment hag arrhcil ana Is now ready for Inspection. These goods nro
all new and of the latest designs, colors, and finish.
And the Cuban Tariff
By ALBERT SHAW, Editor Review of Reviews.
These nro tho latest
fabrics. We hate them In Mack, cream and
WAIST PATTERN LENGTHS
IN NEW SILKS
Embroidered in Black
They are the very latest
Silk striped and fancy linen effects. Come and see them. They nro
balm) In their softness.
The ilr8t shipment of NEW SHIRT WAISTS are to hand. They nro
right io dato and this car's Image.
There is an Immense assortment of ALL OVER LACES, EMBROID
ERIES and TUCKINGS In white, cream and black.
The largest and most varied assortment of APPLIQUE TRIM
MINGS and LACES ever brought to the Islands Is ready for our pat
ions. The patterns arc exquisite In hlack. cream anil white.
Our LADIES NECKWEAR department has liccn completely restock
eel with all tho latest. Some of the new things consist of lace collars,
bolero effects, cscurlal collars In black and cream, new neck ruffs, ap
plique laco collars Aiablan effects, silk and muslin tics In dainty
shades and many other little dainties.
DRY GOODS COMPANY, LTD.
We have just received a Large
Shipment of Choice POLO and
AUSTRALIAN RIDING SADDLES,
Also POLO STICKS and BALLS,
THEO. H. DAYIES Zr CO., Ltd.
HARDWARE AND SADDLERY DEPARTMENT.
PER S. S, "ALAMEDA"
New Line Golf Shirts
very latest In the market.
SILK AND CRAPE SHIRTS. PONGEE
SILK FOR SUITS, direct from the Orient,
BIG LINE OF KIMONAS, - -
Robinson Block, Hotel Street.
i -i. . i i i '.r-Mi ' i "i ""
Genera! Merchandise, Di-y Goods, Groceries,
.Japanese Provisions, etc.
MAQOON BLOCK, MERCHANT STREET.
S3 . 0. ZBosc 886 ZMZsLin. 2Ifl
P O Bo cjcji. Tit. i.
THE OLDEST CH,. SB FIRM IN HONOLULU.
Diaiim la Flo Silks ia4 Gran Llnani. Cblont and Japaoaia Good of All Kloli.
ttit Nouanu atretf
TWO WEEKS MORE OF BIG SALE
At tlie storo of Goo Kim, liiu Nmianti street. Tho finest or orient
al silks nnil linens, consisting of dress goods and embroidered lintidkor
chiefs 32 Inches squara and tablo covers 30 and 41 Indies square. Ladles
and gentb mens furnishing goods and underwear; duck suits, bath robes;
remnants of grass linen, figured silks and other goods.
GOO KIM, 1116 Nuuanu Street
bulletin 75c per month.
Our trade statistics show that the
United States Imported from Germany
In 18C3 less than $10,0on,noo worth of
goods, nnd In 1901 more than $1011000,
U00 worth. Germany, on the ctlier
hand, Impoited from tho United
States, In round flguies In ISfio, $20,
OHO.000 worth, nnd In tool. $132 000,-
000 worth We Import from Germany
mostly Mulshed products of manufac
ture, and we send there mostly food
stuffs and raw matcilals One of the
largest Items of Germain's recent ex
port trade Iibb been reAiicd sugar of
which Germany has or late been c
porting ccinsldciably more than two
thirds of her total pioduit. The do
xclopment of the licet sugar Industry
In Kuiope has been nhnorinal luixlug
been stimulated at the start by the
pamcnt of liberal bounties tin unwlso
polle which nearly all the European
countries ndopted on the pica of being
drlcn to ft b the pinctlce of neigh
bors Tor sexoinl cnrs the best Kmo
pean opinion hns been In faor rf nn
International agreement to abandon
the sugar subsld nnd bounty policy
by simultaneous action at some fit
tore date. A lonfeiemo In which the
sugar-producing countiles weie well
represented, nfter piotrnUed sessions
at Hnisscls, nrrlxc-el at an agreement
last month expressed 111 the form of a
draft of a treaty.
As to the Cuban Question.
The work of the conference will
hae to be ratified by the countries
represented before It enn go Into ef
fect, and, In nny case, It would not go
Into operation In time to nITect the
sugar crop of the piescnt jear. or the
nct The attempt therefore to mnke
It nppeni Clint the action of this Urus
Bids Biignr uinfeience had In nil wa
diminished om obligation to do some
thing for tho Immediate lcllef of the
cane sugar pioducers of Cuba did not
take n count of the real fails Al
though It wbb nn Important step for
ward to haxo renin il an agreement In
tho conference, It xva3 too early to say
that the agreement will bo rullflcil and
put Into effect on tho proposed date
Tho excessive production of tugar
caused by the nrtlllclnl stimulus of the
bounty system h.is been the chief fac
tor In depressing the market and In
disturbing the prospeilty of cane- pro
iluclug regions like Cuba. Tho 1,'iuo
pean bounties nxoinge about $7 per
ton, and glxo the foreign growers Just
mi much advantage ovei the mm sub
sldlzcel cane grow eis of Cuba The
position of the beet sugar Interest In
Washington on the question of allow
Ing toncebslons to Cuba lemalned oh
dtlinte last mouth to the cniTjurraBS
ment of the country nnd the piofound
moral dlsnppiovnl of men who bollux a
thnt Ihsucs of public honor nnd dutj
weie Involxed on the ono side, bb
iigalnst pilxate pceiinlai Intel est on
the other. The people of too United
States are and baxe been taxing them
selxcB hcnvll on the gieat bulk of tho
hugat they consume, whlc.li comes
Horn othei countries. In onlci to give
tho domestic pioducers und espcclall
the beet sugar men, Hie extiemol
high piotcitlon that the hnxe enjoy
Ex on If the entire sugar product of
Cuba wero ndmltted ftee. like that of
Poi to HI eo and Hawaii, tho beet sugar
producers of tile United States would
continue to enjoy n xoi high rate of
protection, for the simple reason that
still oliioi countries. Including those
of Europe, would haxo to supply a
largo pait of our uusatlslled demand
We hnxo ct to hear of a single c'lsln
teiested and competent student of the
sugni question who takes the ground
that a concession upon tho Import of
Cuban sugar Into tho United States
would opeiute In nn manner to retard
the domestic beet sugai iudiisti. I:
Is not a question of fieo tiade In any
sense but n question of reasonable
ness nnd breadth of xlexv. It Is partic
ular! absurd that Ameitcan farmers'
organizations should haxo been unwlt
tingl led Into the suppoit of this lob
by at Washington ngalnst tho carry
Ing out of our policy of nelghborlluess
to Cuba, because, net to the pro
ducers fif Cuba, tho American farmers
haxo most to gain by tho policy of ro
clproelty. With tho United States
maiket opened fnvotably to Cuban
products, tboro would bo fieel nc
coided to tho United States what
would amount In pracllco to
u monopoly of tho Cuban market
for Imported goods: and a xery largo
part of what the Cubans would rcv-lxo
here for their sugar would bo spent
fur American flour, cured meats, and
various other products, tho sale of
which, dliottly oi liidlrcctl, xvould
benefit tbo American farmer.
Broad Bearings of the Subject.
The ccnsoiloua tono nn a question
of this kind is an easy one to Indulge
and of ionise, a dcslinblo thing to
avoid Tho beet sugar p ople are not
aware of any deep purpose on their
pait to block tho path of tho counlry's
policy or to destroy the moral c ffect mains to bo sec-i how much the aboil
oi tho sacrifices wo made sine 'rely ! tlon of the bounty will reduce murine.
tlon Tho xvorlri's total axeragc do-
xvhen wo Interxcned by forco In Cuban
affairs Tho slmplo trouble was that
they iMil been committed In ndxancc
by certnln realous lenders to an agreed
policy as respects West Indian sugar,
and they had become fanatical on the
beet-sugar question, nnd sccmingl In
capable of reconsidering It In Kb xnrl
ous bearings. i:xerbody In public life
knows that when Congress Insisted
upon the 'bioxlslons or the socalled
l'lattnmcnrinicnt defining tho relations
of the United Stnlcs to Cuba, there
was u general understanding In this
countr that In return Cuba wotill of
course recelxo from us a xer favor
able tieotmeiit In the matter of her
commerce. As for the Cubans tl'cin
selves, xx hen their conxcnllon accept
ed the l'latt amendment, they did It
bellexlng that President McKlnley,
Secrctnr Hoot nnd the leaders In
Congress bad Influence enough to cji-
r out xx hat was xvell known to be
their avowed piogrnmmo Mi McKlu
le's pollc townid Cuba was wise.
jiint am! statesmanlike, nnd It Inxolx
ed no sacrifice of real American Irtcr-c-sti
President Itoosexelt. seeing the
situation In exactly the same light us
Mr. McKlnley had seen It, that Is to
sat In Its ti tic proportions and heal
ings has clone his best to glxe effect
to his predecessor's pollc).
Perhaps 20 Per Cent.
Although n lnrger percentage ' re
duction xas desirable, the Wav and
Menus Committee of tho House at
length com laded that a 20 per cent
reduction on Imports of sugar from
Culm was as much of a concession as
there was an hope of being able to
cnir thiough Congress Whllu It
seemed on the whole llkcl thnt thlil
measure xvould succeed Its fate xxas
li no means ccitnln when these pages
weie closed for the press This Is not
a time for pettiness nnd cheeseparing
In American public- pollc. It Is be
caiibu Atucilcan leadership has been
jreat minded enough In times pail U
drfe-nt the mole-eyed sllc klers for locnl
and momentary Interests that tho
coiinti) hns oxer expanded In tcrrl
lory, or grown In power and Influence.
Thcic Is not n single phase of the)
large public pulley of the United
States that Is not Inxolxed In out
working out the Cuban problem con
sistently and satisfactorily. If we slm
pi open tho doors somewhat Io an
easy und mutually ndxnntageous Inter
chingc of products. Culm vv.il be s
perous and tbo nexv Cuban giixern
ment under Piesldcnt elect Estrada
I'dlmi enn be Installed with ptestlgo
and good piospects In Ma; We can
withdraw our troops with enllie rafo
t) we can be reasonably sure of trail
qulllty nuri progress In Cuba and we
can count upon the good will of tin
Cilbnns nnd their hcarl acquiescence"
In our pollc, xvhiih calls foi the mom!
dominance of the Ameilcnn flag In the
West Indies and the Caribbean Sea,
ami for our superior lullucuit) In Ceii
trnl Anicilrii and on tho Isthmus of
Relief to British Colonial Sugar.
Tho International sugir ngiocment,
If finally ratified, Is to take ttTcrt on
September 1, 1903, and to continue! In
foue for fixe ears fiom that dato
Great llritalu ami the NotherlandH, In
Joining It, promised to glxo no piefer
entlnl treatment to the sugar produced
In their colonies, but Great llrltuln
hits decided that for the Immediate re
lief of the West Indies the present Im
port tax. equal to 1 cent a pound, rhall
be remoxed. This glxea the Jamaican
and otliei Itrltlt.li West ludlnn plant
ers fn'o nccess to tho llrltlsh maikot,
while tho beet sugar of the Continent,
and non llrltlsh cane sugar, will haxo
to pay the halfpenn duty Tho ur
rangement fui lliltlsh colonies will
terminate when the European bounty
sstcm Is abandoned In this country,
of course, oui socnlled counterx ailing
duties, that Is to Ha), our extra tax
imposed upon hount fed European su
gnr will be given up xvhen tho occa
sion dlsappeais Tho proposed aboli
tion of bounties gixes satisfaction to
nil Interests In Hut ope, oxeepl tho Bit
gai Interests Mono..
Sugar as a Subject of Policy,
l'or some reason, hniri to explain,
tho sugitr business In all countries has
seemed to expect that Inordlnato sac
rifices are to be made for It by govern
ments nnd by the great consuming
public It Is proposed henceforth to
mnlntulu throughout Ruropo a uniform
rate of tariff on sugar nnd sugnr prod
uetB, with tho addition of counterx ail
ing duties against any country that
pays bounties Tlu- result will be that
each sugar producing European coun
try will attend first to tho suppl of Its
own mnrket, anil then, If It has a sur
plus, will export It to such non produc
ing countries as Englnnd, wheio It will
tnko Its chances In tho open maiket
xvlth enno-sugnr from tbo tropics. Ger
many, of late, hns been producing
more than three times tho amount of
i her own sugar consumption It ro
mnnd Is not likely to be- reduced, nnd
the question to bo determined Is
whether, xvlth n fnlr field and no fax'
ors the tropical cano or the sugai
beet Is to haxo the advantage in fur
nlshlng the supply
Growth of American Demand.
The consumption of sugar In the
United States has doubled In the last
twenty ears, and wo hnxe been mak
Ing from our own Wcstein beet fields
and Southern cano fields about one
tenth of tho amount we use Tno
world's totnl production has reached
perhaps R,300,000 tons per ear of
which about twothlids is beet sugar
As recently as 1870 the pioportlons
were the other xxnj,- two thirds being
enno sugar and the- total product of
tho world being placed by Mi Mulhnll
at 2.750,000 tons, or less than one third
of the present production The growth
of tho demand In the United States Is
so considerable that ex en If xve should
continue to Import ns iamb sugnr as
our total consumption In ISOu, there
would be su111clcnt margin In tho
giow Hi of our market to glxe the clom
estle producer a xast opportunity
American consumption alone will,
within two or three ears, probably
surpass the world'B total pioductlon
nnd consumption in 1S70.
The Two Sugar Trusts.
It seems the Inevitable trend of In
itustry In this countr Hint the pro
elm tlon of such commodities ns sugar
at least In the final marketable form,
idiould come mulct the control of Im
niense corporations or ti lists. Tne
manufacturers of beet sugar have
been tending townid this kind of con
eventration under the control of n gieat
company with which the nnme of Hen
! T Oxnnrd Is most prominent! Irion
titled Just ns the leflnlng and market
ing of cane sugnr had earlier become
largely concentrated in the hands oi
the socalled "Sugar Trust," with
".hlch the name of Mr Ilavemcyer has
boon so conspicuous Owing to tbo
location of most of tho refineries of
the older trust on oi near the rorts of
the Atlantic seaboard, It would appear
to be to Its Interest to favor tho train
tenanrc of firm duties on refined su
gnr, while encouraging comparatively
low rates of duty on the crude product
from Culm nnd the other enne prcduc
ing countries Tuns tho beet-sugar
combination bus been stcndil cbnrg
lug that the movement for concessions
tb Cuba was. whether Intentional! or
not, lu the direct Inteiest of the nlln
lug trust, at vvhiisu mere the Cuban
plauti rs must be In nny case, so that
to n-ilucc Hie tariff on Cuban sugnr
would meiely operate to glvo laiger
prullts to the American icflnors
Who Will Get the Benefit?
Obxlousl this nigiimenf, ns lived b
the Oxnniel contingent Is fallacious:
lor If the- elllTcrenco weie all to go to
the i diners, there would be no reilui
tlon In the price ol sugar to the Amei
lean cousiimeiH, nnd without such re
duction the beet sugai men could nut
be affected a hair's breadth The slm
plci view Is tho hound one Ciuile
cane sugar sells In the otucrcau mar
ket at such and such u pike. The
Porto Hie no pi exluc cr. who pays uu
dut at nil obtains exactly the samo
price- for bis sugar that Is received b)
the piimtciH ol Haiti, Ban Domingo,
the llrltlsh West Indies, Brazil. Mauri
tins Heiueraiii, Argentlnn, and ether
cnnusugni producing countries Tho
Poi to Hlcau has the ndxnutngo by ex
act!) the amount of duty that Is remit
ted 111 his fax or The. Cuban phutei
in like nianuei will benefit by pr'rise
ly the- peiceiituge of reiluetlon fiom
full tariff rates lie may be able to sc
enic, whether 2u per cent oi moie. Su
gai rellneis will continue to pay the
niaiket price! of law sugar and this
prlco will be determined, ns hereto
fore, by general u-lntlons nf supply
ond demand It Is not like! to be ma
tcrhilly uffeetcel b any consideration
xve- shall show this eni to Cuba The
position nf the farmei who ialt.es su
gar beets will not bo affected In the
slightest degree, for under no clrotira
Etiinces will the owne-iB of beet sugnr
factories pay to tbo fnuneis a penny
more thun they find necessary to In
duce (lie fnrmer to add a patch of
beds to Ids other crops 1 bus even If
there should ho somo variation In the
Immense' piotlts of the beet sugar
tuibt, the pilco of beets per ton would
remain subject to Its own distinct law
of supp'y nnd demand 'lho situation,
so far as Cuba Is concerned, Is not
made any different In pilnclplo nor
materially different In prnetlcnl effect
b the fact that Hie cano sugni lellu
Ing business In tho United Stntcs li
largely contiollcel by ono company, In
stead of being ns competitive In Its
character ns It was In nn eat Her
After a two cars' test of an nuto
inobllo for nun uso in Austila there
was n saving of $20ir oxer Hie convey
ance drawn by hori.es
FOR THE HOME
thoro Is no other light so convenient nnd satisfactory as lho Incan
descent electric lamp. NO DI8 AGREEABLE ODORS; NO 8M0KE
OR DIRT. AIwas ready for us e wltn a Bolt, stead and brilliant light.
Let us glvo ou figures on wiring our house nnd If ou desire wo
can furnish ou with tho now " H Y LO" LAMP, o o o o o o o
HAWAIIAN ELECTRIC CO., Ltd
Klnjx Street. Telephone flOO
All sizes In quarter sawed oak nnd beautifully finished.
Largo stock of
Extension Dining Tables.
Axminster and Smyrna Rugs,
Tapestry and Chenille Portieres,
folding chairs to let for any occasion, and tho xery best uphols
tering done. Elegant lino of furnliuro In all departments.
PORTER FURNITURE CO., LTD.
Plsliep Block, opp. Love Bid., Port Htreet.
i C. J. DAY & CO.--GROCERIES i
NceelH No Ct-cniii
o Needs No Sugar
- 122 KING STREET
o next to Bulletin Office
PHONE MAIN 119
THE TRANSCENDENT ARC LIGHT
500 C. P.
Consumes nothing but ordinary Kerosene
Oil. The best light known to science and
the cheapest, llnvo received tho Highest
Awards ot tho I'an-Amerlcnn Exposition.
Suitable for store nnd halls, and aro in use
In good many of our prominent stores
throughout the city, such as Wall. Nichols
Co . Honolulu Drug Co., Hollister Drug Co ,
Mclnerny Shoe Store, Kllte tco Cream Par
lors, Hawaiian Hotel and otners too numer
ous to mention. Wo nlso nave the same
Arc Lamp to burn 12 hours which Is suit
able for lamps to bo placed In )nrds as a
protection ngalnst night prowlers Our
lamps are In use throughout all the planta
tions l'or fui ther particulars Inquire of
WASHINGTON LIGHT CO, C. W. Macfarlane, M'gr
Hawaiian Engineering and Construction Co.
ROOMS 508, 509, 510 STANGENWALD BUILDING.
r O. BOX 834. TEL. MAIN 7c
All classes ot Engineering Work solicited; Examinations, Surreys and Ro
iwrts made for any class of Waterworks, Steam and Electric Coastructloa;
Plans and Specifications and Estimates Preparod, and Construction Superla
'ended. In all branches ot Engineering Work; Contracts solicited for Rail
oads. Electric nnd Steara; Tunnols, llrldges, Buildings, Hlghitayi, Founda
loni. Piers, Wharves, etc
Special attention given to Examinations, Valuations, and Report aJ
Properties (or Investment purposes.
FREDERICK J. AMWEO. M. AM. Soc. 0. .,
Engineer and Minuter.
W, R. CASTLE JR., Secretary and Treasurer.
J. De Turk's Table Wines
justly known to bo tho CHOICEST
CALIFORNIA PRODUCT. A largo
supply of the different varieties Just
H HACKFELD & CO., LTD.
SOLE AGENTS AND GENERAL DISTRIBUTORS FOR
THE HAWAIIAN TERRITORY.
Waialua Beach Hotel
A. WENNER, Manager,
Now Ooen for Business. Fin-;
est of Accommodation. Finest
of DatTilng. Be Sure to Get
Off at Waialua Station.
RATES $2.50 per day;
Special Rates by Week or
For further Information ad
New Map of Oahu.
uompMtxl from Government Survey inj Charti,
Man of Surir PUrtUUonr killwayt nd Other
.VetUblf SOUKCI THt MAP IS )!! INCHES.
wlthartliil colorlripi 104 nel mountings mik
Ins a very useful a mrtl aa ornamental watt nap
THH PRICE OF TUB MAP IS f io 00 Cop III Caa
UobUlr-Hlon. jas TTmo
f O HI 01 ?oq vrf JuJJ HullJIne, Honolulu! T, H
01 HAWAIIAN NFWS CO . LTD
DECKER, FERNANDES & GO,
Real Estate Agents.
Wo nlso nulo a specialty of enlarging
Office, cor South nnd King Streets
1'. O Dix 321; 'l'hono 252 Main.
Tho Articles mentioned
below xvlll be treated In an
Intcrcntlnjx nnd thorough
miuincr and should bo read
by every one.
National Work ol !he Y.M.G.A.
Methodist Episcopal Methods.
Thought In Presbyterianlsm.