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SUNDAY BULLETIN, .HONOLULU, T. II., SUNDAY, APUIL 20, 1902.
Two Supreme Court Decisions Against Trusts
hand organ trust i A Tool That Almost lalks
Court proceedings applying tlio
Shennnn Anti-Trust law to railroad
combinations began with the famous I
tians-.MIssouri case biought against a
railway pool known as thu Trans-
Mfssourl Krelght Association, which
Rirough a ccntinl committee fixed ami
enforced rates for nil the railroads In
that section of the country. In J892
nnd 1S93 the lower courts decided In
favor of the railroads.
These decisions were reversed on
March 12, 1S97, by the United States
Supreme Court, which declared the
pool Illegal, ruling ns follows:
The agreement on Its faco recites
that It Is entered Into "for the purpose
oi mutual protection by establishing the railroads united In the Joint Trai
and maintaining reasonable rates, fie Association case that association
lilies nnd regulations on all freight
traffic both through and local." To
that end tho association Is formed and
n body created which Is to adopt rates,
which, when agreed to, are to bo the
governing rates to? all tho companies, '
ami u wui.iuuu oi which siiujecis cue
defaulting company to Hie payment of
a penalty, and although tne panics
have n right to withdraw from
ngrecment on gUIng thirty days' no
tire of n desire bo to do, jet while In
lorce. and assuming It to he lived up delivered by Justice I'cchhnm. Chief competing railroads seeking tho Lust
to, there can be no doubt that Its ill-1 Justice Fuller nnd Justices Harlan, ness or transportation of men and
rcct. Immediate, and necessary effect lliewerand Hrown concurring nnd Jus- .goods from one State to another. Hint
Is to put a restraint upon trade or tlces (liny. Shlras and White dissent-'oidlnary fieedom ol contract In tha
commerce as described In tne net Kor t
these rensons the suit of the (lovern-
ment can uo maintained without proof
WILL ENGLAND BECOME
A PROTECTIONIST NATION
In the Koitnlghtly Helcw, Mr. J. A.
Ilobson. In an nitlcle entitled "Tne
Approaching Abandonment ot Free
Trade," says that the intellectual nu
tnorlty or free trade Is n tiring o tht
past, nnd that by various seeiet side
paths protectlun has been ruling ling
land's national policy, and tliut the
powuiful organized trading capital
ists' Inteiests nie plainly leading to
ward a reversal or the fiscal policy of
the last halt century. The change will
Hist take place In nn attempt to pivo
body to thu floating Idea of Imperial
federation. Tho necessity for enor
mously Increased oxpendltiim entails
the necessity for raising more mime).
.'i he whole weight or democratic foico
Ik. he thinks, nguliint direct taxation;
nnd. in a word, tho wholo hulk or
$123.iinii.(ioo to $150,000,1100 per milium
must he raised by Indliect taxation.
When to the demand for increased
revenue we add the project or the Im
perial zollvereln at which .ur. Cham
berlain is manifestly driving tho gov
ernment, the necessity ot protection Is
made quite manliest.
Any steps toward the closer attach
All sizes In quarter-sawed oak nnd beautifully finished.
Large stock of
Extension Dining Tables.
Axminster and Smyrna Rugs.
Tapestry and Chenille Portieres.
Folding chairs to let for any occasion, and the very best uphols
tering done. Elegant line ot furniiuro In all departments.
PORTER FURNITURE GO,, LTD
TUIier Block, opp. Love Bid., Port Ktrcet.
I C. J. DAY & CO.-GROCERIESS
Needs No Cream
o Needs Nu Sugar
o . .
i 122 KING STREET
o nest to Bulletin Office
PHONE MAIN 119
J. De Turk's Table Wines
Justly known to be tho CHOICEST
CALIFORNIA PRODUCT. A largo
supply of tho different varieties Just
H. HACKFELD & CO., LTD.
SOLE (GENTS AND GENERAL DISTRIBUTORS FOR
THE HAWAIIAN TERRITORY.
The Bulletin, 75cts, per month
of the allegation that tlio agreement I
was enteied Into for thu purpose ot re
straining trade or commerce, or for
nboc what was
reasonnuie. ine ncccssniy oricci
the agreement. Is to rentialn trade or
i-onimcicc no matter what the Intent
was on the part or those who signed
Justices Puller. I'eckhnm, Hailnn.
llrewcr nnd Hrown concuried In this
Justices Held, (liay, Shlras
nnd Whltu dissented, Ai. these Jus-1
tlces are now on the bench with the
exception of Justice 1'leld.
McKcnnn Is the new Justice,
l-'ollowlng the trans-.MIsHourl case
being the trunk line pool. The points
raised In that case by (leorgc I'. Kd-
Jinunds and K. J. l'hclns, appearing for
the railroads, were: Klrst. that the'
.Sherman Anti-Trust law did not apply
to the railroads, and. second, tint the
iaw was unconstitutional. The final
decision In this case which was against
tlie railroads, was handed down by the
United States Supreme Court on Oc-
Itobei 2J. 1S9S. Again the bench was
! divided. The opinion of the court was
Ing. Justice Mi Kennn took no part In
the case as tho proceedings had been
begun while lie was Attorney (lenernt
ment of the colonies to the inolher
country will Imolvc n radical readjust- .
ment of finance In the shnpe of n ills- j
crlminntlc tailff giving preferential
j treatment to Impmts from the colonies
, on condition of receiving similar pref
, oientlnl tie.-itmeiit for their Impoils i
' fiom the mother iiiiiutry. Tie admits
that the task will be very difficult, but
t It Is a disease that requires desperate
lcinedies. nnd ir the continuance of
, Knglnnd's imperial career Involves a r
laige Increase or military cxpendltui",
something or the kind must bo at- '
Mr. HohKcm thinks that It Is no.Y
tolerably certain that (lienl Hrltnln '
.will collapso before the Inherent logic
which binds linpeitnllsm to pioteeilou.
For carrying out n policy of Impi-ilul-Ihiii
hc must piorlile homilies lor
wheat, rattle, and lor agricultural
pioilute, nnd get people back to tho
land. He suys that unless a new mid j
unexpected rally be made for Munelicn
teilsm with tho snmo forces which '
sustained tho earlier movement, free !
trade, once nhandoned by the Impo- I
rlnllst politicians of either party, will
find Itself in n sorry plight. '
0 0 0 0,
of the United States. The decision
The agreement affects Interitnto Ing their rates and charges
commeico by destroying competition than they might othcrwl'
nnd liy maintaining latcs above what! the laws of compctl'1
competition might produce. i And this Is so .
Has not Congress with legard to In- provided for In tin i
terstate lommcrco and In the courso the time be not inoi
of legulatlng It, In the caso of ralhoad able. They may ea,
corporations, the power to sny that no time be Increased. It. 'i
contract or combination shall be legal tlcm of these large and -
which shall restrain trade and i oin-,
mcicc by shutting out the operation ot '
the general law of competition? We
think It has.
Where the grantees of tills public
franchise are competing railroad com
panies for Interstate commerce wo
think Congress Is competent to forbid
any agreement or combination among )
them by means of which competition
la "' smothered.
Wo think It (the Sherman law pro-1
vlso) extends nt least to the prohibition
of contracts relating to Interstate com- j
men e, which would extinguish nil com- j
petition between otherwise competing
coi partitions, nnd which would In that
way lestrnln Interstate trnde or com
merce. We do not think, when tho
grantees of this public franchise are
use nnd management of their propel ty
requires the right to combine as one
consolidated and powerful association
COLLEGE FOOTBALL PLAYER
TO MARRY MISS ALICE HAY
njizyS "- cr-wto wa
Miss Alice, the second daughter of the Secretary of State, Is engaged to young James Wadsworth, a college
football player. Miss Hay Is now convalescing Tiuni a serious Illness nt the Hay residence In Washington, wli'era
young Wadsworth Is visiting. The date for the wedding has not yet been fixed.
SWITZERLAND A HAVEN FOR TIPSTERS
" Is to the tip system abroad, huld
a Ueliolter u.'lu bus tiuvelleil all mei i
Kurope, "it isn't mi bad outside of
Switzerland. Theie every outsldei is
expected tu come down with a tip to
everybody connected with tho Hotel,!
und sometimes to the town orrielnls as
well, I was pasHeu along tlio Hues as
a soft mark, and at Chamumil, when I
got leady to leave the teriltory, a last
glab was made at me, I hnd feed the
chambermaid, tho waltei. (ho pnricC
tho bootblack, tho cook, the omnibus
driver, tho mall cauler and nil the
bellboys when the landlord approach
ed and Intimated that lie hud been left
out In the cold.
"'Hilt I wus join guest.' I piotested.
"That is true,' Ire leplled, 'but, II
you will remember, 1 iocelcd tiu with
three distinct bows, wheie mil) one
Is required by custom, ft Is two bows,
"It's an Al display, said Mr. I'llt,
nt tho dog show.
"It's n tlrst-i lass exhibition." replied
Mr. I'enn, "but you've got Tie wiong
"Instead ol Al it is KO."
Juggles What eaithly good lesult
ed fiom tho bicycle ciaze?
Waggles Why, man, II they lindn i
taught us to dodge while crossing the
btreet there would be hundreds of nuto
accidents every day,
In Little Old New tors.
Hcv. Ooode Now, what little boy
can tell me thu shortest mail to heav
en.' Johnny Smart Testify against tho
Sophie When Mr. Oay smiles Ills
smile seems to llghi up his whole face.
Mario Yes; I snppoMj that mav bo
atrlbutcd to his being lantcrn-Jnwcd.
Lots of men would lenvo their foot
prints Time's eternal sands to grace,
Had they gotten mother's slipper
At the proper time and place.
for the purpose of stifling competition
among themselves, and of thus keep-
porntlons, covering vast -.
territory and Intlucnc. ,
throughout the whole exten
and acting as one body in nil
ters oer which tho comblnnti
tends, that constitutes the alleged
and In regard to which, ro far ns
combination operates upon and
strains Interstate commerce. Congi
has power to legislate nnd prohlbl
Tho prohibition of Biicn contrat
may In tho Judgment of Congress bo
one of the reasonable necessities for
the proper regulation of commerce nnd
Congress Is the Judge of such necessity
nnd propilcty, unless, In the case of n
possible gross perversion of the prln
i clple, the couits might he npplled tu
Tho result of the ileclslon vwns tho
dissolution of the Joint raffle Asso
, clntlon and similar railroad pools i Isc
! where throughout the eoitntiy. Tho
, third grent legal contest Involving the
fnllroads and the Antt-Trusi law Is now
impending as a result ol I'icsMcnt
SKBI ;ga 'f',7T tmu AIICL' hay JZs
tec. jmy ,m hisfi.iGaY isiiiacc
extra, iiiciiitlcur '
"I paid 111 cents apiece for the extra
bows, ami was stopped hy a Illllr old
man who iutiodticcd lilinacll us the
coioiu'r or toe canton.
'"Hut wheie do you conic In?' I
'"Had miiusleui 'met with i fatal
fall on the mountain. I bhoiild have
held the inquest, he leplled.
I gave him n finue for not holding
nn incpicst on me, nnd his rleik then
stepped fin-waul nud said:
" 'And had there been an Inquest I
hhoiild have hnd tlio pleasure ol will
lug to moiihleur's lelntUes that he
"I handed him the some nmouiit for
his loss of pleasme." continued the
tourist, "and then asked If there was
anybody else In Chiiniuiiiii who had a
claim on me.
Points Atout Lace
444444444444444 44444444 4
It Is well to lie up on tueo loio this
season, for with the revival ot the
genteel old-time ilecoiutliiii i nines n
demand for Mime Idea ur the ehiinii ter
istics ol the different patterns fur
which one pa)H such falniloiiH prices.
Ill the flist place, all ie.il luce Is
hand made und Is easily detected fiom
thu machine woven Imitation, because
tho meshes lu the genuine are apt tu
he liieguhir. while the oilier is mil
form in weave.
The net of tho Inco Is called h)
lnce niakeiH tho lesenu; tlio pattern
is tin) lleur; nnd It Is lu the shape nf
tliciu meshes that lace distinctions up
pear. Tho sipiiMo or diamond shaped
mesh is iibed ill Vnleni lennes, tlio six
sided mesh Is point d'Aluncon, thu
C'hnutllly and point de I'uils hues
have. nn odd mesh ol i'nir shied big
linlcn, with lihingulni holes between.
he thief il'lfeienio between tliu
pillow and needle laces for real laces
nro made In but two ways, one with
tho pins nnd bobbins, the other with
Hie needle Is III the wny tho lleur or
pattern is woiked on tiro net, Needle
lace has a distinctiveness of outline lu
"Talk about trusts," said a Cincin
nati business man to an Enquirer rep
resentative, "the grind organ truM In
this and other big cities beats them
all. I have taken the trouble to Inqulte
and t find that the Italians pay 1 lo$2
day for tlio use of the Instruments
ii the streets. 8omo of the men who
-luio the organ from place to place
't from fifteen to eighteen hours n
Each has n regular run nnd
Just w!icro he can pick up the
, nnd tho nickels. If these or
lers don't pick up $1 n day
i ' make good for the Instrii-
.i i I spolco 10 nau pam o- 1
had paid $100 moro ho'
.,-. i . lie Is an exception to
mist of the men do not
, tmy their meals and
, -s. The syndlcato
..c nanti uikuh;.
t ......,. In '
If the stones oi mono
around nro to bo he-,
The young ,
well enough by ,
the side of tho tro.
satisfied with that
get nil four
Hut tho mot
greedy young in. - , '
"Oct out of thni
lug tiling!" slio said,
so much of human hcli.j-
I "'The police hnvo not nnesled yofi,
suggested the landlord.
"All right here's a tip for them.
All) oik else?'
I " 'My nlglit wntchmnn did nut let
the hotel tnko (lie.1
" 'AH right again.'
" 'And my wife, monsieur.'
"'Well, what of )oui wife.'
"'She lias piesented lire with a sou
dining .mhii Btny In my house.
"'And what have I got to do with
"'Why, monsieur. Is It not woitli u
little fee to you Hint she did not pic
scut nn- with two sons ut the name
"I thought It wns and left a finnc
for liei. mid then, in they could think
ol nothing else. I went down ami tip
ped till the inllway officials and finally
gol out of the country. '
tho Hour because the pattern is out
lined by running s. thread lu and nut
oi the meshes of the lesesu.
ir the outline Is tu bo very much in
relief nu In point d'Meucon, the most
beautiful of all needle laces, the out
l line Is coided lu with horsehnlr. and
I then tho pattern mnde by tilling In tho
outlines with a sort of buttonhole
stitch, making a rich and heavy effect
Pillow laces liavy a lint, smooth pnt
1 tern (nnd an; smooth and soft lu out
"You pionilsed me befoio mafilnge
that you would make cvciy cfi'oit to
muko youiself win thy of me."
t know- I did, and tlio lesult was
Dint I oveidld It. and mnilo myself
belter limn )ou deserve."
The Bright Side.
Violinist Tho ciltlcs say I'm only
a teuth-rnto plajer.
Manager Never mind; you'io get
Hug tlio mono), and tho women ovoiy
where make n bargain counter tush
to l.lsr )ou.
He Will Get a Seat.
Tlio Lnst Man stood nnd gazed upou
The devastation far,
"At last!" ho cried, In tiluniph loud,
"At last n vacant carl"
The most highly developed ot mn
chine tools Is the automatic screw
machine nnd, lllco many another con
trlvanco for saving labor, Its home Is
New Kngiand. It Is n development ol
the or'ilnnry steel working lathe, the
Intermediate step being the monitor
Utlic, In which tlio various ciitllns,
tools protrude from the side or a t leoi
turret llko 13-Inch guns from a battle
shin turret. In tho non-automatic
screw machine the turret Is revolted
by the operator, so as to bring each
tool Into play, just ns the turret on tho
old Monitor was revolved to bring one
gun after another Into action. Hut In
the automatic machine the work Is
done without human guidance.
n making screws, nuts, holts, studs
nn,i other Binall pieces that must bo
turned, drilled or threaded for
watches, clocks, typewriters, clcctrl'
.cat Instruments and other mechanisms
nil the operator has to do Is to feed
the "stock" a long, thin rod of steel
or brnss to the machine. The feed -
Ing mechanism carries the rod slowly
forward Into the field of nctton. The
turret ndvances nnd puts Its first tool
.ut work on the end of t?fo rod. When
i m t this tool has done Its task tho turret
' i Ithdraws It, turns nnd ndvances a
.- iccond tool Into action. l?ach cutting
tool nround the turret has its ills
tlnct work to perform ono cutting a
, ,, I thread, another shaping a hend, anoth-
i , 'H er putting on n point, nnothcr drilling
( a hole, still another putting on knuil-
g. Tho turret automatically brings
Trusts and the Courts l
the control ot com
engaged In iiro-
'Ion hag been
o and discus
diictlun or i i
slou by ccrtnli
certain pending .
which will be folic,
rein, not only liy til.
nte nnd business act
mnkcrs. party leudeis, -i
at nige. On Mnrt!i Hi, n'
tltiust taw of 1893 was
the Supreme Court of . '
States to be uuconstltiitl
Illinois law. In defining lllei
nnd combinations, exempted
operation tlio pioditccis or rals
ngrlciiltiiral piuducts or live Btoci
court held that this exemption t
crlnilnnls of people engaged In so
lines of trade, while creating favoil,
classes, who were pcnriluVd to do ex
nelly the same kind of nets with Im
punity, Tlio comt decided, In view
of the purport of tho statute in its en
tirety, that the discriminating section
could not bo eliminated so as to leave
the lest of the act in operation. The
decision affects not only tho antl-tiust
law or Illinois, but the moro or less
stmllnr statutes of a number of other
Per annum maiU
to any part of ihf
United States of
Canada :- :- ;?
CONTAINS A COMPLETE SUMMARY OF THE
NEWS OF THE WEEK.
THE TRANSCENDENT ARC
BOO C. P.
Consumes nothing but ordinary Kr
Oil, Tho best light known to sclen
tho cheapest. Have received the, I
Awards at the I'an-Amcrlcnn Kxpi
Suitable for atoro and hnlls. nnd are
In good many of our prominent
througho.it tho city, such as Wall, I
Co., Honolulu Drug Co.. Uolllster Dn
Mclncrny Shoe Store, Kllto Ico Crca
Ioro, Hawaiian Hotel and oinera too i
ous to mention. Wo nlto iiuvo th
Arc Lamp to hum 12 hours, which
nhlo for lamps to be placod In yard
protection against night prowlers
lamp3 nro In use thioughout all the
For further particulars Inquiro of
WASHINGTON LIGHT CO. C.W. Macfai
jf MASONIC TEMPLE.
each of. perhaps, sit tools Into action,
and when tlio woik Is finished, the
completed scicw dropi Into n pan.
whllo the "stock" is aulomatlcall fed
forward to begin tho complex orern
lion again. A Btream of machine oil
pours continuously on tho work to
arry away tho heat ond tho little met-
I cuttings collect In n heap under the
.Hour after hour this wonderful nil-
tomnton goes through Its cycle of
operations, the lunet clicking every
moment ns It brings a new tool for-"
wnrd. Small brass pieces, on which
but one tool cuts, are dropped nt the
rate of four n second. Largo screws
of complicated design, upon which n
whole tui'ictful of tools must work, are
cut from a steel rod nt tho rate of ono
or two a minute So perfectly nro
these screw mnchtties constructed that
an unskilled workman can opera to n
row of them. All ho Is required to do
i Is to keen them fed with "stock In
some shops gills tend the machine.
Frank lllx Fiiyant, In February Sue-
Didn't Know When to Stop.
Illcks I understand you old semo
target shooting yesterday.
1)K Yes; my first shot hit tho
Hit ks flood enough!
Dlx And then, like n big fool 1
went and fired n second shot.
States. The development of the great
corporations and of their business
methods has been stupendous in the
period since tho Illinois statute was
passed, nenily ten )oars ago. Public
opinion has changed not a Jlttle. and
the conviction lias grown that what
ever mny happen In the business world
we cannot go back to the old methods
of haphazard competition. It must,
theicforo, he a matter of great inter
est to sen what tho Illinois LegUlntuie
and the lawmaking bodies ot other
States will do when they come to deal
ttli thu problem of re-enacting their
s ngalnst trusts. Only a few of tho
combinations, or so-called trusts,
' earlier date than 1SS.". and tho
njorlty of them hnvu been lorm
A Capillary Paradox,
'. i came nt last when Mr.
d nu longer make a pre-
v Ming the top of his head
wisp of hair up over it
. -o." he said, looking at
i - Mass and sorrowfully
i lo expanse of bald
ho 'part' appears to
u whole. '
$ 1 j o
-. ittbjA .tfijllMu 4 .jk&i'