Newspaper Page Text
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SUNDAY BULLETIN. HONOLULU. 11. T., SUNDAY, APRIL 20, 1902.
'. ,- ' V I t
Published Every Sunday Morning
at 120 King Street, Honolulu,
T. II., by tho
BULLETIN PUBLISHING CO. LTD.
WALLACE R. FARRINQTON. .Editor
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SUNDAY APRIL 20 1W2.
THERE IS HIT ONE PLATFORM
AND ONLY ONE WHICH REl'1'HI.I
CAN8 AHK CALLED I'l'ON TO SIP
l'OUT WITH STEADFAST UNITY.
THAT PLATFORM IS OUTLINED 11Y
THE UEIM'IILICAN ORGANIZATION.
ON THAT PLATFORM THE FOURTH
DISTRICT WAS CARRIED HY A
SPLENDID MAJORITY. THERE IS
NO OTHER REI'UHLICAN PLAT
FORM. The 'umbrella habit seems to have
eWnht on nt Central Union.
Caution should be exercised when
imttlnpa gift ega&ln your mouth.
The town crier In u thing of tne
past. Tho town liar Is always with us.
A Manila edltoi has been fined for
libel. It woh not our Volcnno MnrKhnl.
The sanded-floor or the barroom
n, ny be ranVed among the things of
Happiness Is like a Kitten's tall.
haul to catch. Hut there's an awful
lot of fun In chasing It.
Worms In n boy are often taken for
H religious turn of mind, aim a preach
er Is made accordingly.
Trans-Atlantic passenger rates l.avo
been advanced for the benefit tit tho
rAnerlcan tourist going abroad
There nre some things
trr than money. Hut It
to buy them.
Hon. Churles H.
cuted his regular Hepubllcan renomln
atlon for Congress by acclamation.
You can't eat your cake and keep It,
If It's your wife's first attempt 11
vrould be more to your advantage to
Russia's designs In the Orient nre
cutalnly pacific. New guns for nine
tccn of the Czar's onttcilcs have been
shipped to tnat section.
Part of tho American troops from
Porto Rico landed at Newport. Va., on
Airtl 8 and may bo expected shortly
hi Honolulu, en mute to Maulla.
The British barmaids are again In
t:i uble, (Tie city magistrates ot (Has
gow having decided that they shall no
lc.nger supply the public with 'arf-and
Volcano Marshall snould bo caieful
A soldier who monkeyed with a water
buffalo only saved his life by clinging
on to the animals horns till It was
As predicted In last Sunday's Ilullctln
the HoUBe of Representatives is not
likely to take any action on the ship
subsidy bill at tho present session. In
fact It may not even bo brought up for
The House committee on Labor has
Oldered a favorable report on the
efght-hour bill, providing that In overy
contract for work for tho government,
It shall be specified that the work Is
tc be done on an eight-hour basis.
The Irish still claim Delarey as a
Dc-laney son of Gael, Rut the lloers
Claim that he Is of Huguenot ancestry.
A1 any rate ho has inflicted moru dc-
fcrts upon the Dritish troops than any
other Doer general. This, at least
should be satisfactory to both con
ttstanta for tbo parental honor.
At the close of tho first annual meet
li'P of the Steel Trust, net earnings
were reported of $111,0GiM95 more
than nlno million dollars a mouth,
Sinking funds, depreciation,. -and re-
save claimed $lo,399.C9tT; Interest
"took 115,200,000; whllo a seven per
cent dividend on thu preferred and a
four per cent dividend on the common
stock absorbed 156,017,703. There
were still left $24,449,717 of undivided
earnings as a little nest egg for work
Irifc capital and future exigencies.
Democratic members In tho House
of Representatives want Independ
ence for tho Philippines, the withdraw
al of American troops as soon as a na
tive poll co forco can bo formed and
iho reservation of such coaling sta
tions or naval bases as the United
(Jrrosvcnor has so-
fates may neeiL House Republicans
seek a coinage system on the basis ot
tho gold dollar, complete civil govern
niont with a legislative assembly, thfl
lower house being elective, and stat
ides governing the raining timber and
franchise sections ot the Islands.
1IONDBT POLITICAL POLICY.
In framing the rules for the prima
ries to be held this fall tho Republi
can organization has one competent
guide to follow the nrtlon of the Ter
ritorial convention of 1900.
The first Republican Territorial con
vention outlined certain rules for the
conduct of the party. These consti
tute the constitution so to speak from
which the Territorial organization ob
tains Its authority. The moment the
organization oversteps the exact let
ter of the convention's acts or the
oblous spirit and Intent nf Its deci
sions that moment the uiganlzatlon
launches the party upon n career ot
strife nt a time when unity prevails
and when concerted action Is so nbso
lntely ncccssaiy to success In the gen.
What then Is the purpose of the ills
elusion as to whether the party prl
murles shall be "opened" or "closed."
Is their dissatisfaction with the policy
of unity and progress' Are there
members of the party w ho prefer strife
and Its consequent defeat to an open
handed, liberal policy, do any seek
policy that will put the party on the
basis of a close corporation nud wipe
out Its reputation fur broad prlncl
Let those Instituting the campaign
for the repudiation of the obvious man
date of the convention answer as to the
purpose of their efforts. The duty ol
the Territorial organization Is plain.
This body has had one experience
with becoming a law unto itself. Its
members not so wry long ago on the
plea of expediency arbitrarily added
to their number. This action was o
completely revolutionary that a vig
orous protest was registered fiom cerj
section of the iinity. Appreciating the
error, the oiganlzatlon bniwly and
huitcstly reversed Its own action nnd
by u unanimous vote put Itself on
recoid as opposed to the Inauguration
of precedents by which the party or
ganization might be put In the post
turn of nwrrldliiK the law proclaimed
by the convention from which It ob
tained Its authority to act
A situation of the same character Is
now before the committee In relation to
the party prlmniles. The decision ot
the Territorial conwnllon wns so
plain that none need go astray though
a fool. The great contest in the eon
Million was inado over the very point
that It Is now sought to bring up for
cllhiusslon and possible amendment.
The stiuggle wns so vigorous, the un
derstanding of the conditions so clear,
t:i,d the vote of the convention so well
di-flned that any attempt within tho
organization or out of It to upset the
gtiiernl principles outlined nt that
time Is revolutionary atid fraught with
gieat danger to tho maintenance of
party Integrity In the forthcoming
election and nil future operations of
Should thu next Territorial conven
tion see fit to reveise the rulings of
1 M0. It is fully within the power am)
the province of that body to do so
Hut the Territorial committee, the dis
trict committees and the precinct
clubs have no such right. To aswme
it is to aiouse antagonism, eleWroy
coiifldence In the stability of party
principle, and put Republicanism on a
plane with tho Home Rulers of the
Fourth District who made changes In
their platform Just before the election
to satisfy tho whim ot a fusion ele
ment. It Is Impossible for a condition to
ei ipo that will warrant tho repudiation
cf a convention by a committee named
iy the convention and gaining Us pow
r from the convention. To start out
upon such a policy means chaos, fac
tionalism of tho most pronounced type,
disorder and dissension all along the
line. Once destroy the power of u
convention to direct, once go on record
at lacking confldenco In the honesty
of tho people, once cut loose from tho
strict Interpretation of party regula
tions and tho paity Is gono so far as
!te ability to enlist voters and gain
pcpular confldenco Is concerned. The
party that repudiates Its own conven
tion will not bo deemed reliable lu us
If jho Republican organization seeks
party unity, and the Bulletin be
Hives It does, It will not waste time
dt liberating or listening to arguments
or how It enn find a way to ovorrldfl
the positive lines of action laid down
for It by tho Territorial convention
whose members received their author
It) direct from the voters.
Let honesty prevnll. The Republi
can party has no place for tho policy
of repudiation, no place for trickery or
deceit, no necessity for tho weak
makeshifts offered under the name of
expedients. Honest politics, placing
full confldenco In the good Judgment
nf the people nnd the Integrity of pap
ty workers has won ono fight. It will
win every political contest, HoneBty
Is always the beat policy.
John Wanamaker Is planning to
open a largo shoo stoic In London on
the American plan, The first thing
Jcr.11 knows ho will have a big depart
mint store lu full blast In opposition
There are two Mtirphys holding
prominent public offices In ine United
States and both are governors Frank
lln Murphy of Now Jersey, and N. Q.
Murphy of Arizona.
It Is not too early to talk about tbo
iinturo of tho celebration to bo hold In
Honolulu when tho trans-Pacific cable
is opened for business.
CHAIRMAN KENNEDY ON REPUBLICAN PRINCIPLES.
The following circular letter Is he
Ing Issued by Chairman James A. Ken-
iH'K, nf iIk. Repuhllc-ii Executive
(.'omrilllPc, to member of thu Torn
tcrial Central Committee, of tho varl-
,!lhlct committees, oftlceru of lie-,
publican clubs, nnd to party leaders
and workers throughout the Territory
Headquarters of the Republican Ter-
rltorlal Central Committee of Ha-
wall. Room 6, Etlto Uulldlng, 164
Hotel Street, Honolulu, T. H., I Tnrco eB8ona appcar to the Execu
April 18, 1902. Itlve Committee to have been learned
To the Members of tho Territorial
Central Committee, the Members j, Loc,- Control. The campaign
of the various District Committees -nB managed entirely by the Fourth
tho Officers of .tho Various Itepub- District Committee, who raised all
llcan Clubs nnd Republican Party funile and paid all bills before adjourn
Leaders and Workers through the ng.
Territory of Hawaii. 2. Suppression or factionalism.
Gentlemen: Tho attention nf He- True blue REPURLTCAN doctrines
publican generally throughout tho
Territory, and of Republican leaders
end workers In particular, Is called to
the (TREAT VICTORY of Republican
Principles achieved In the recent
special election In tho Fotirtr District.
The District two years ago was car
ried by the Republican Party only be-
cause theie were TWO opposing par
ties. This year we WON OUT against
their CA.MIJ1NED SlRENGTH.
The Home Rule nnd Democratic rar-
t'cs together polled In 1900 on the Rep
resentative ticket In this District 1564
votes ngalnst only 1286 cast by the Re
publicans a majority of 278 against
ur had they then been united.
This year, with only 1555 votes cast
The Sunday Iliillctlu's supplement
1 as usual, lepicto with good things
iifnln today. The Piesldent of the
Ui.lted States and some Iden of hlsiltoplu of thu United States, In the vv
v-crk show how the chief executive ot'lcrged foreign marketB found for Am-tin-
nation ban hardships Inflicted up- 01 lean manufactures and foodstuffs. In
on him through the growth of an ofll- the extension of our rnllioau systems,
t'al system that needs changing nii'i In bank clearances and nil other Items
the expansion of greater Ami '1111 An
lutei estlng subject nt the present tlinu
thnt oi trusts or lomlutiatlotiH i.f
c.ipltal. and this Is dealt with In tlu.v
snarato aitlcles one of which ?.;
ilnlns the methods of the Hand Orc-m
Tnist. Land Commissioner Hoyl'a
todlniony before the Territorial Com
mittee In Congress Is completed.
L'ltss finds Its customary place ai"t
I Ik novelties of the season mc twt
tnrth for the women folks b-sides
some points on lace, wtnni Is 1111 ic
f.iehiunable than usual. Tbo lllt'e
folks nre nut forgotten and have a
lulry story nil to themselves besides
,.11 mousing description of "Willie's
I'nln," a poem on the "Duy School
I'oesn't Keep," nud other good things,
A discussion on tho condition of Am
erlean workmen is too interesting to
e passed by. and business men will
I e Interested In the present feeling to
ward piotectlon In England ns well ns
!'i the merchant's successful acquis!-
ion of an umbiella. Noting also the
tir.piovement 111 our art department,
our reader-; will Unci an Inteiestlug
supplement fiom first line to last.
SANITATION FOR HOGS.
The Department of Agr"Ulluro pio
I .:b to devote Its iiniillutc utteu
imiii to Impiuvl'i? the (.r.i'niy ccc'.i
tii'ii of the American hog .'Hi thu iiW
it bleeding clean pigs. Whether tl.-.-will
breed In siiiroundlngs uexl in
M. (Illness remains to be seen, but It Is
pioposed by Inculcating thu prlnclp'es
ot sanitation in succeeding genera
tions of plxs to finally secure an ani
mal which, white resembling tho pork
er today as far as external appearance
Is concerned, will have none uf the
oijcctlonnble habits now attributed to
Ono of the piofessors 01 the depart
r.iint Is responsible for the undertak
ll'g. He believes that owing to the
htlgma under which tho pig now lests,
1'iiitly due to Biblical tradition, the
body of Bwlno was regained by the an
tieuts as a favorite place In which to
ccntlnu exorcised devils and other evil
spirits, Thu animal Is placed in un
hanito,ry habitations which must bu
modernized and connected with proper
bewerago systems. It Is supplied with
1:1. clean food that must glvo place to
cl.olcu morsels from tho kitchen cnul
clion served on clean plntters wltn
tuble napkin attachments. In tiiort
bo has so lost his self-respect that lie
lives In dirt and filth, and tho lda Is
that he cart bo trained to a llfu of
c t-anliness that will fit hi ni ns a com
panion for the house dog, with clean
pink Hklns, shiny and well kept brls
tis, a well curled tall and an amiable
What wo shall await with Interest Is
the report of the Chicago pork pack
cis upon the flavor of the American
hog under Its civilized conditions, and
whether tho loss of Its wallow- does
net tako from tho luscious flavor of Its
flesh. ''Wei aro also anxious to know
whal provision tho Federal fiovrrn
ment is making for the sanlttTry 1m
provement of thu people of Hawaii,
while eiitei ing upon such a vast and
widespread pioblom nB tho sanitation
nnd cleanliness of tho American hog.
Pel haps our turn will come next.
Having passed tho River and liar-
lor appropriation bill, another piece ot
pork Is being prepared for members of
the House of Representatives In the
form or an omnlbiiB public buildings
bill. It will IncluJo a sllco for almost
every Hepubllcan member nd will go
through the Houso Hl.o a doso of salts.
,an against 2850 In 1900 and with the
'two opposing parties fused Into tho.
("HOME RULE DEMOCRATIC PAR-.see
liY," the REPUDLICAN CANDIDATE
von by a clear majority of 207 votes.
This Is equal (on tho small vote) to a
majority of 380 In 1900 over the com-
umeii panics. . inai is, nn mui-iiejiuu-
'"" "J.y oi -.o u .,..- u....
. I ami what equals n Republican major
I It of 380 was registered. The Hepub-
iiCans are thus shown to have addod to ti
tDcir strength FROM 20 per cent TO.n
no ner rent
t,y this ORAND SUCCESS.
ONLY were ennunctated by tho speak-
crs and workers. Petty Jealousies wero
Ignored for tho common party good.
3. Tho pcoplo aro ready to ripti.
dmto tho "HOME RULE DEMOCRA
TIC PARTY" and ally themselves with
tho PARTY OF PROORESS AND
POWER. All that Is required Is that
nil Republicans stand together and
drop whatever local fights thcro may
la of party unity and strength and
An election Is coming In November
when we mtiBt elect n REPUBLICAN
DELEGATE to Congress, a REPUlll.I
CAN SENATE and n REPUDLICAN
HOUSE. Spread the news of our re
cent triumph and begin nt once to lay
AMERICAN SAVING BAInKS.
In tho past six years theie has been
an enormous Increase In the aggregate
wealth and Indlvtditnl resources of the
.nt businesH and iniumeice. Hut In no
ether respect has the country's growth
o' wealth been so conspicuously shown
! In the number of t-avlngs bank do
losltors and id their nggregatu clc
H cits. Tho following cotupnrathc llg
11! ch show the situation clenrly:
U.l'2 0.4U'MHMi tS.tMll.UlM.UOO
Ii,c lease 1,200,000 t 700.000.000'
This exhibit gives an Incieaso or nl'nt 111 the right way. The police
.yoo.uoi) depositors lu five years andjiuen should hnvo been first lonsjilted
ot JTim.dmi.dOO in the amount of money
deposited In thu savings banks of the
Another, nud peihaps a better. Idea
11: the Individual prospeiity of the peo
tile who put their money In the savings
bui.ks is apparent from the average
amount of ench deposit at the two giv
en peilods. Thus:
111 live years time tho average
imiiunt of money to the credit or
every depositor In the United 8t.itn
1 as Increased by almost $40. Till in
Itrctf Is a large gain nnd. when npt''c"l
to all the old and new depositors, tho
cnoi litems nggregatu or Increase can bf
more readily appreciated. It scmn
almost Incredible that the pcoplo have
been saving, through the medium of
savings banks alone, at a late or In
cieaso .of $140,000,000 annually.
t HUNGRY FOR COLD.
News of tho rush for gold at thu rev
c nt clUcoverles In Idaho shows that
there have been somo very rich
btrlkcs, tho richest ore running over
$18,000 to the Ion. Reports Indicate,
of coiiish, a grent difference in thu ore
and that much or it will bo valuable
only when worked by costly machin
ery. On tho other nand, much of the
Diiriacti quartz Ic decomposed and this
appenls to the poor man. An Instance
Is 1 lied where one man took out $1,100
in ten days using only a common mor
Inr nud prospecting pan.
Thunder Mountain, as a gold mining
diet riot seems to have come to stay,
unci much Eastern capital has already
been Invested there In Iho purchase
.tr claims. The sufferings of tho early
gold seekers, who pushed through the
tiall In winter, have been Intense.
Flour sold nt fifty dollars, a sack, nun
gei and starvation have been expe
rienced and many bodies have dotted
the only track through the snow that
the moru hardy adventurers have been
able to follow to Its destination. Al
ready thero are three tbwnsltes In
Thunder Mountain, one of which Is
Mined Roosevelf. Three thousand
CeJorailo miners nre starting for (he
new 1:1 Dorado, and by mid-summer It
i' estimated that therfc will be fully
thirty thousand people on tho new
field. One old and experienced mirier
who has come from the district ro
ports at Ilolse thai no man has gone
there without making money and that
many are alrcauy wealthy. Tho dls
a ir ointments nre to follow.
The Transcontinental Passenger An
nidation has Just held ono of its
uectlngs In Southern California. As
iiiU'al, tho business wna tho adjust
ment or rates. This Is part or the
humorous side or railroad life, the
rates being no sooner adjusted than
there is a race) among tho roads lo boo
v.hlch can be tho first one to broak
plans for the fall campaign.
Every District Committee
that every possible preparation Is
n nde for the campaign IN ADVANCE
OF THE NEXT CONVENTIONS. Do
not wait until tho middle summer or
early fall, but begin NOW.
Each member ot the Territorial
Central Committee, or a District Com
mittee should make It his personal
business to get Ills own precinct or tils-
let ready for hard and efllclcnt work
the enrllcst possible moment, for
tho personal business of every lest-
dent of this Territory will bo as ourcly
effected by Republican success tnis
frill as was that of tho residents of the
mainland by the Republican successes
of 1896 and 1900, when McKlnley bo
gloriously won the day.
Remember that tho larger the RE
PUBLICAN majority we roll up In this
Territory next November, tho moro
favors In legislation and In appropria
tions for harbors, wharves. Irrigation,
l.ghthouses, federal buildings, etc.,
etc.. we will get from a RCTURLICAN
National Administration and a RE
A Rousing Republican Victory In
1902 means Restored Confident In
cur Financial Enterprise and MONEY
ior our ROADS nnd SCHOOLS.
Keep In touch with the Chairman ot
your District Committee and report
1 rogress to Territorial headquarters.
Dy order of the EXECUTIVE COM
MITTEE of tho Republican Territorial
Central Committee of Hawaii,
JAMES A. KENNEDY.
J. II. FISHER, SecretatV.
I'OWLl: OH rtlt: lULIJb.
Ail amusing piece of news conies
fiom New fork which notes thnt tho
l.e.llconicn of too Emplie City held i
ntitlng, on April 5, to decide whether
(,i not they shouii'i "do nil In their
power to keep closed uvery liquor sa
loon In thu city" un tho following clay
New York's refoim administration,
un del- Mnynr Unv. has lieen lu office
101 neatly iiiur months but hns not )et
succeeded In pi eventing Infractions nf
tl.e law lu regard to the sale of liquor
on Siindny. Strict orders bavo been
l..iucd. (lino and again, to the police,
thnt this must be done. Hut iuu police
cildn't do It nnd the chief city officials
1 Law bail lo accept thO Tjadlnnge of the
Lvlileutly the matter was not gone
an to their pleasure In tbo matter. At
an)' rate, whether to show their power
or not, n mass meeting 01 policemen
was held, every prrcllict In the city
was represented and more than a
thousand bluccoats were present. It
was unanimously decided thnt tho next
cay should be u dry one. And It wns.
Vhe police had the power to close the
siiloons; they knew that It could bu
coi.e; they had not clone It under or
clers rrom their clilers; but In inasa
meeting they voluntailly promised tn
e'e lt. Even tho men who were off
duty volunteered to remain In order
to assist the men on post to stop bun
nay selling. Who will Bay that the
hugest city In the United Stntes Is noi
In the power of Its police force?
Somo of the simplest Inventions
have been the means of earning for
tunes for their patentees, For In
slfciue, tho man who first thought of
pliclng a nlbber tip on lead pencils
made $100,000 a year by his simple
The Scientific American says that
Harvey Kennedy, who Introduced the
thoo lace, mndu $2,500,000, and six
people were- benefited to thu extent of
JIO.OOO.OOO through tho manufacture
of thu umbrella. The Howaid patent
I01 boiling sugar In vacuum gave a
fortune to tho capitalists who wero
ablo to puy thu Inventor upwnids of
5. 00,0110 11 year on lojnltlos.
Toys also hae been n bourco of
considerable piofit. The "Dancing
Jlinciow" yielded its iialcni,,,. m, i.
ci.nie of $7.-,or,o a year for several
eins, and "John Ollpln" brought In
$100,0110 annually as long as Its popu
ferity lasted. Tho hall with nn elastic
attached yielded over $50,000 a vear
end the lady who Invented thu modern
uaiiy cairiage enriched herself to tho
extent or $50,000. A young lady n
South Africa receives a comfortable
liicnme for her discovery of thu
".Vary Anderson" emllng Iron, whllo
Ihe wife of a cloigymnn made 'a far
tunu out of an Improvement, ror tho
corset. A llttlo girl Is responsible ror
the Idea ot tho'glmlet.polnted screw
end a young lady, Mies Knight. Invent
eel tho complicated machinery that is
ut ed In the manufacture of paper bags
tnd for the ro)alty on which she re
futed $50,000 shortly nftcr taking out
thu patent, r
But tho duyB or Invention are not
yet ended and thoro nre opportunities
for boys nnd girls to mako discover.
leS by study and experimentation,
that may yield them fortunes. 81m.
rliclty and labor-saving Imnrovnmenta
in things thnt aro In general use are
more In demand than tho greater me
chnnlcal appliances that ore usually
t.Te product of labor and engineering
London is polishing up tho hahdlo
o' its big front door In anticipation or
tho coronation. Tho West End novor
had such a spring cleaning. One or
Iho results or this raid upon dirt and
cobwebs Is tTIat tho fcmnle decorator
has fWome n factor In business for de
signing door liancls, ornamenting ceil
ings, decorating baths and such work.
Ono firm employs fifty women In this
itork and likes them because they
make less noise about a houso than
men nnd don't .spit upon the carpets.
DIG AND LITTLE PAR.MDRS.
If Director Jared Smith of tho Agrl
cultural Experiment Station can help
tho big farmers In Hawaii to save
money lu tho cultivation of their
clops, and can Bhow the little farmers
how to destroy tho Insects that ruin
theirs, then the Director will bo en
titled to n monument on tho top of
In regard to the big farmers of tho
Territory of Hawaii, Director Smith
suggests "more careful handling, bet
ter cultivation, conservation of tho
lirlgatlon water, and a more skillful
fertilization of the soils In order to
secure more economic results In the
pioductlon of sugar. Ho also says
tl.at "sugar planters are prono to Ig
nore these factors and to ascrlbo all of
tnelr benefits to cheap labor."
Tho principal factors In every plan
trtlon's expense account are compos
ed of labor, taxes, fixed charges such
as interest on bonds, repairs, material,
freights and fertilizers. These will
constitute more than seventy-fivo per
cent of the total cobI of the production
of gugar, labor alone being fully fltty
pc cent. Taking the subject of cul
tivation, this Is now being more thor
oughly done thnn ever It waB. Tho
land Is plowed, cioss-pinwed nnd well
narrowed. Theln It Is cultivated time
una ngaln until thu plant cane has be
come high enough to check the growth
nf weeds. Subsequently hand cultiva
tion Is practised. Tho cost and net re
sults from overy fleici of cane arc enro
lully kept so that lompnilsons can be
r.-adc year by )cnr on the samu and
with different fields where, perhaps,
cxpci Intents are made with Innova
te ns, changes and new ineihodB.
It Is In fertilization, however, that
planters exercise tho greatest possible
Jt.dgnicnt. Twenty yeats ago Its need
was being experienced
0..11 iniiii iiuiereni plantations were
rt nt to chemists lu the Stntes for ana-l"00"' Dantt ot San Francisco,
l)sls. and r-rtlflzers weie ordered onLL?n'I'ho Unlon Dank ot 3
the bnsls of theli reports. This wns not
altogether satisfactory for ono plnnta-
tlnu has ninny varieties or soil and n
lertlllzcr sultnble ror ono locality may
hr- iHisltlvcly Injurious In another.
Again unsatlsractory results wero oh
trlned through the advent of agents or
fertilizer companies who camo to tho
lilnnds with "Just what wns needed"
lr. tho shapu or specially prepared fer
t Hzeis that, oh often bb not, were
harmful and, more orten thnn not, re
Milted h a simple wnste of money
Flrally tho. permanent employment of
capable chemists wns round to be com
l-ilsory and their most Important du-
tc-r. todny consist In the constant test '
Ing and re-testing or soils riom every
Plantation field and from several carts
ir n field. Tills work has been pro
Blessing nearly ten years. The plan
tations now make out their own pres
criptions for fertilizers nnd buy on a
guaranteed nnalysts, the test or the
fertilizer being made by tho plnnters
vim know that they are getting whnt
they order and what they bellevu they
Planters, however, do not claim to
I e Infulllble. What they aro now do.
Ii.l Is tho result or )cors or experience
backed by the natural desire to secure
tho best possible returns for ihn
laigo sums or money which they have
li.rcsted In thu sugar business. That
some benefits have accrued from their
efforts, and from thu greater attention
paid In tho last decade to cultivation
end fertilization, Is shown by planta
lion returns of the yield of Bugar
which bavo Increased rrom three nnd
five tons to thu ncro up to eight and
even eleven tons. Still better results
mty bu posslblo nnd at less cost. II
o. planters want to know It and they
Will undoubtedly recelvo with open
nuns any and all feasible suggestions
thnt Director Smith can submit to
them, for making practical tests on a
larger sfalo than Is possible at tho ex
perimental station. Tho conservation of
the water ror lirlgatlon Is an exceed
ingly coily piocess but most wonder
till progress has been made In this re-
sject with results that have, generally,
been correspondingly satisfactory.
Competition among freight carriers
l.as become more keen recently with
a reduction In rates. Moreover, the
loading or Bugar at plantations direct
to market will tend to slightly mini
m'zo tho gioss coBt or sugar produc
tion Director 8mlth suggests the creation
r.l a soil map ror tho Islands as an in
die ator to the Bniau fnrmer or tho re
gions to which different crops would
be best suited. This Is a good Iden,
the only difficulty being that soils aro
sometimes washed from one section to
ni, other by tho Intensely heavy trop
ical downpours that eccur' periodical
ly, tho nnture otthe soli In a enno
field being periodically changed to a
g.fatcr or less degree. Hawaii pos
sesses a range of boiI and cllmato tnat
should enable us to produce un almost
eidloss variety or tho small rnrmer's
crops. Whether their Quality will bo
such as to command a ready salo ut
paying prices Is tho commercial end
ot the venture that Is considered both
by the canltnl ami Inline cn,.n.i i
eny enterprise. Undoubtedly Director
bmlth can do much by his lnvestlga-
"ens to bring this about. It ho can ho
w 111 deserve tho thanks or every big
tir.d little rnrmcr In tho community as
well as or business men.
BISHOP & CO-
Bstubllshed In I8B8.
" BANKING DEPARTMENT
Transact business In all department!
Collections carefully attended to.
Exchange bought and sold.
Commercial and Travelers' Letters
of Credit Issued on The Dank of Cali
fornia and N. M. Rothschild & Sons,
Correspondents The Bank of Cali
fornia, Commercial Banking Co. of
Sydney, Ltd., London.
Drafts and cablo transfer on Chlaa
and Japan through the Hongkong
Shanghai Ranking Corporation and
Chartered Bank of India. Australia and
Interest allowed en term deposits at
the following rates per annum, vl:
Beven day' notice, at 2 per cent
Three months, at 3 per cent.
8lx months, at 3 1-2 per cent.
Twelve months, at 4 per cent
Act as Trustees under mortgage!.
V'jago estates (real and personal).
Collect rentB and dividends.
Valuable papers. Wills, Bonds, etc,
received for safe-keeping.
Auditors for Corporations and Pri
Books examined and reported on.
Statements of Affairs prepared.
Trustees on Bankrupt or Insolvent
OFFICE, 924 BETHEL ST.tEET.
Deposits received and Interest al
lowed at 4 1-2 per cent per annum. In
accordance with Rules and Regula
tions, copies of wbkb may be obtained
Fl?&, "AJ?.'NE LIFE, ACCIDENT
AND EMPLOYERS' LIABILITY IN-
Insurance Office, 924 Bethel Street
Wm. O. Irwin
Claus Spreckels & Co.
HONOLULU, : : T. H.
San FranrJsA Ann frt... nr-
j rada National Bank of San Francisco,
Ban Francisco Tkn MniHa .-..
New York American Rirhnnr. w..
Chicago Merchant' National Bank.
Parla Credit Lyonnals.
Berlin Dresdner Bank.
Hongkong and Yokohama llonr
kong-Shanghal Bonking Corporation.
New Zealand and Australia Bank
of New Zealand.
Victoria and Vancouver Bank ot
British North America.
Deposits received. Loans made in
approrod security. Commercial and
TraTelera' Credlti Issued. Bills ot Ex.
change bought and told.
Collections Promptly Accounted For,
Pioneer Building and Leu
'A88ET8, JUNE So, 1901, I8O041U7.
Honey loaned on approved security.
A Baving Bank for monthly deposits.
Houses built on the tnonthlr in... 11.
Twenty-third Series of Stock Is oiw
OFFICERS -J. L. McLean. Presi
dent! A. A. Wilder, Vice President;
O. B. Gray, Troasurer; A. V. Gear,
DIRECTORS J. L. McLean, A.
A. Wilder, A. V. Gear. C. B. Gray.
J. D. Holt, A. W. Keech, J. A. Lyii
Jr, J. M. Little, U. S. Boyd.
A. V. GEAR,
Ofllo Houra: 12;30 i;3Q p. p.
The Yokohama Specie Bank
Subscribed Capitol.... Ten Zi.iKXXOOo
Paid Up Capitol Yen 18,000,900
Reserved Fund Yen 8,71v0
HEAD OFFICE, YOKOHAMA."
The Bank buys and receives for col
lection Bills ot Exchange, Issnes Drafts
and Letters of Credit, and transact a
general banking business.
On Fixed Per cent
Deposit. Per annum.
For 12 months 4
For 6 month 11
For 3 months 3
Branch of the Yokohama Specie Bank.
New Republic Bid.. 11, King Street
AT IIAHOA, MAUI.
Mill Machinery, complete or In part,
consisting or ono 30"x(l0" 5-roller mill,
H. I. Wks. make, Putnam Engine,
Vac. Pan, Double Effects, Clarlllers.
Centrifugals, Vac. Pumps, etc.. etc.
Parcels of land, Interest In Hul
Lnnds, Houses, Work Animals, Carts
Harness, Plows, Tools of all sorts.
For particulars, apply to MR. J, r
MYERS. Manager, at Hamna, Maul, or
to C. BREWER & COMPANY, LTD,
Dated Honolulu, March 4th, 1902
n,MihC.iW1ek it e?lt,on of the Evening
Bulletin la the largest and best pub
lished In the Territory. Sixteen and
twenty pages. $1 a year.
"V !?'' " '" " '" ""t. !" t-
vSTtSS SlSU 'C.' iu.'"Z
tX'" " "" ' r" "' ,'"'" """ '"' ""
SfQOK REMEDY CO.
immoo. w...iwiu,;.t lul'". ..I-TwillS
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