Newspaper Page Text
EVENING BULLETIN. HONOLULU. It. T.. FIIIDAY, MAY" 9, 1901.
Published Every Day Except Sunilay.
nt 120 King Street Honolulu,
T. II., by the
BULLETIN PUBLISHING CO., LTD.
WALLACE H. FAIUIINOTON. Editor
Entered at tho Postofflco at Hono
lUii as second-class matter.
Per month, anywhere In U S ..$
Per quarter, anywhere In U S.. 2 00
Per ear. anywhere In u. S S.'iO
Per ear, post paid, foreign 11 00
The Sunday Bulletin.
Per month t .16
Pel quarter 35
Per year !.
Ver year, noitpald, foreign .... l.io
Six months J &"
Per year, anywhere In U. S.... 1.00
Per jenr. postpaid, foreign 1.G0
Evening and Sunday Bulletin.
Fei month, anywhere In U. S...J .90
Per quarter, nny where In U. S.. 2.35
Pel ear, anywhere In U. S 9 23
Per year, postpaid, foreign .... 12.75
Sunday and Weekly Bulletin.
ler year 2.00
Per year, postpaid, foreign 3
Telephone . . .
xi y t no:'
1 ri'derlek Warde has eaptmed Hono
1 ilu without a struggle
It Carnegie would onl go Into tho
J.evvspaper business then wo should
know what kind of literature he wants
lor his libraries.
Governor Dole's reference to the na
tive Hawaiian desire to restore the
iponaiehy is news Indeed. Where did
the Governor discover It?
Apropos of Merchants' week It Is
Letter to have a conservative program
veil carried out than an elaborate af
fan that costs more than It conies to
Miss Stone's story of her capture
r.c.w being published In McClure's
Magazine Is mighty Interesting read
Irs notwithstanding the comic paper
Dr. Schubert, of Ilerlln. thinks hV
has discovered several unknown
incms of Sannho. The discovery of;
o revised edition of the play would bo
appreciated In some quarters.
S.iv uhat tlu-v like of tho action'"'
turning down tho Administration's Uu- s.eanishln or sailing lines. The rault
lar. relief scheme, the beet sugar Re- ' ,lot "" tho Honolulu merchant or
publicans seem to bo tho only mem-111'0 K00"' ho sells.
Vers of their party In Congress who' Now "ese Honolulu patrons of tho
feci sure of re election next fall.
W. J. Ilran hns taken tho Job of""",' "" "" an nisigiiiiicniu re
representing a weekly publication at'ductlon ' ho passenger tnrlff. whlih
tho Inauguration of the new Cuban H'ough It Is "something" Is not
Government. He will likely know all ommgli to secure the crowds so neccs
nbout what ought to bo done for Cuba ""' to making the movement n com
nftcr having spent three days In tho P'fto success? Under any clniitn
place. I stances the trnnspoitatlon lines will
. nup a big share In the prouts. Can
Austrian royalty Is excited over tho theso corpotratlons afford to be any
exposure of a titled prince who sought """B hut liberal? Can tney afford to
Miss Vanderbllt and her coin and fall 1 stingy, granting favors grudgingly?
ed Tills Is Interesting from an AmcrK0" """J' afford to Btand as the chief
lean standpoint as showing that silly
American tltle-chabcrs are still pos
fcidsed of some power of selection
rood Is beginning to cost money on
tho Mainland as well as In Honolulu.
Not only has beef advanced sensation
ally, but lamb, mutton, hog products,
loultry nnd butter are all higher.
1 Mrd, as an Instance. Is three cents
a pound higher (nan it was tlirea
There aio few places on the face of
the globo where tho steamship com
panies nre In n position to do more for
business advancement than tight hero
In Honolulu. Having the power to
nsslst, these coiporatlons also have It
in their hands to accomplish Irrepar
It Is up to Hon. Stanford II. Dolo to
tnko lessons In sugar production and
It' cost. It seems almost as if his
Tvashlngton data bnd been supplied
by Hon. William Hnyward, of tho
Planters' Assoclatlun. who has been
notoriously Inaccurato In tho Informa
tion ho has supplied to Congressional
committees this year.
As monoy savers it Is hard to beat
New Yorfters. Finding that tho post
age on circulars to tho United Stntes
fiom England was only halt a cent a
pound, they have been shipping circu
lars across the water In bulk, saving
tha dlfferenco between tho low
freight rate and the extra half-cent It
would have cost them to mall their
circulars In tho States. Preparing tho
printed matter In advance, the delay
of threo weeks before) It reached tho
nildressees In the States was Immatc-
Tho Alaska boundary dispute has
eHsumed a new phase. A monument
thnt was erected by Russia to mark
the boundary between Alaska and Can
nda, has been removed Tiy a Canadian
official surveying pnrty. Secretary
Hay has, by order of tho President, or
dered a personal investigation to bo
rando by a commission of American
officers. There seems to be some
smolce tn I'm air, especially as a Ilrlt
ish custom house has been erected on
cur sldo of the American town of
MliUCIIANTH AND BTUAMUR
It Is within the power oi the Island
steamship companies to mako or
break tho proposed Honolulu Mer
chants' week. These companies can
aisuro success, conserve the Interests
of every mercantile house In Honolu
lu, as well as their own, by making
a special rate which Is something morn
than a nominal reduction. The samo
companies can knock the whole proj
ect In the head by offering only a twen
ty or thirty per cent reduction In fares.
A.t previously stated In'thts paper, tho
expense of the trip to Honolulu will bo
the first consideration. If n heavier
ii diction Is not made for this event
than has ever been granted before, tho
program will be handicapped at tho
While the times arc not as hard as
might be, tho fact remains that resi
dents of this ami oilier Islands nro
(.minting their dollars and figuring
down expenses with particular caro.
Luxuries nre cut out, expenses In tho
nnnie and In business arc culled to tho
lowest reasonable figure. A trip to
Honolulu means more than It did. K
contemplated for pleasure alone. It Is
olien put off on account of the ex
pense Merchants appreciate this
mure than any other (lima In business
I'll They come In personal contact
v 'Hi their patrons less fiequently mid
as n natural lesult tiaife Is more ellr
Il lilt to hold. The Men limits' week
pioptiKcd Is made partially with a
w.w tu offset this condition; to get
the pi oplc coming our vvny and nt
tn same time see that they are prop
To accomplish tin 1 r alms the mer
chants of Honolulu must reielve spo
(l,l consideration from the tiansporta
lion lines, and It Is .veil deserved, For
eviry package of goods sold In this
clt to Island patrons the steamship
companies leap their ceitaln reward.
They can well afford to carry passen
C'rs on this occasion at or even be
low tost. Hvery business man, ev
ny passenger from llie other Islands
puts money In the transportation com
pany's pocket, not only directly
through the passage money but bj the
fn.ght on goods bought.
Men hints of Honolulu have been
unlng business with these lints fur
eurs, Hiving their frelgTit charges,
paying their passenger lates. p,ilng
' ! '' '"' Koods waiting on tho
UjiI.s. There has been a steady
si. cam of mercantile coin Into tho
8tcanishl """'" ' " " smaller now
than formerly it Is because, trade has
been turned from the Honolulu center
ouisiuu Bources aim uireci coast
Inter stand steamers ask a r-.ivor. It Is
t.i" first of the kind. Aro tlioy to bo
i . .-. ...
stiimnTTiig block In measures framed
'o advance Honolulu, hold Island trado
rnd perhaps gain new?
There Is only one way to look nt It
1 1 om the merchant's standpoint, and
every scheme, be It for work or for
play, that assists tho merchants of Ho-
olulu Is also a boon to tho corpora
tions owning tho Inter-lslnnd steam
ships. MORE DOLE TALK
New Haven. April 20. A special to
the Jew York Sun Bas- Governor
Sanford 1). Dole of Hawaii vlsltel Yale
this afternoon in coinnanv with 11. I.
Jueld. Secretary of the Hawaiian Club
nt Yale. Mr. Judd Is a son of the lata
Chief Justice of Hawaii. Governor
"We are looking forward to the fall
elections cm tho Islands with much In
tcrcst. There are three parties on th
Islands, the Ilepubllcnns. the Demo
crats and tb Home Rulers. The Dera
ocrnts havo not been an Impoitant fac
tor In recent election, the Home Unl
ets winning last time. They are the
oppnnoutB of the piesent form of gov
ernment nnd th cremnants of ihe nils
of loyalty. They havo no special is
sues to urce, as near as I can make nut.
They wish especially to capture thai
"In their last canvass they mado
some show by pretending thnt they
would revive royalty If they got pow
er. Their ofllio holding hasn't been
very successful, and they are now
clamoring for a special session of tha
Legislature to get another ehancj to
do something sallstvtoiy. so i.h to go
before the people In November with
a more Fatlsfactory record. I lon't be
lieve that they have any Idea of ic
vlvlng tho monarchy, hut hai they
simply revived the matter for campaign
purposes In their last canvas.
"As to the matter of the extension
of tho suffrago we felt that wo piefci
red qualified suffrage, but Congie?s felt
differently, and wo uuvj accepted the
situation. Suffrage with nn cdii-ailon-nl
quallllcatlon now prevails, but II
does not Iniludo tho Asiatic unless
they aro Hawaiian born."
Governor Dole went to lloitun this
What has become of all that deep In
dignation against the anarchists which
laged last fall? Congress, It is stated,
was going to wipe out the anarchists
of this land and yet tho session Is pass
lng away and nothing Is being done.
IN DLI'-UNSL Ol1 UK. OLIVER.
Editor Evening Hullctln: So far, all
the particulars of tho case of Plllpu
Mlklla have not been made public. I
therefore propose to mike n short
statement, as Dr. Oliver was not al
lowed to be present In the committee
room when his ncciisers were examined
nor to hear their evidence. He has
learned It In a second hand wa orly,
If the report the Doctor received H
correct, he unhcstltatlngty says that
certain witnesses lied.
it has been customary at the Ka
laupapa dispensary for the Jailor to
bring or send up prlsonct i once a
week or so. The Doctor Insisted on
this, as tormctly he vva-i frequently
called to the prison for trifling ail
ments, nnd often as not, nn urilval at
the Jail, he was unable tu obtain ad
mittance. When nny prisoner was un
able to come to the dlspiusaiy, for In
stance, a fever case, he was nttenJed tu
by the Doctor nt the Jail.
The man Plllpu came to tho clspon
sar.v on several occasions with the Jail
or, and the Doctor seeing that he was
far advanced with the dlceaee, told llio
Jailor not to bring him up again, but
sec to It that he was washco, as till
condition was anything but clean. The
Doctor also found out from the taan
that he suffered no pain and din', he
was able to attend to the sores on his
feet himself. The Jailor was In tho
habit, either personally or through one
of the prisoners, of receiving lint,
medicinal soap, dressings anil rlmplo
medicines from the dispensers, when
they were asked for.
In all far advanced cups of lepiosv
the patient requires a nurse rather thnn
a doctor, and unless there h pain or a
wound tlueatens to mortify, u doctor
Is of little use.
In the present Instance, tti" jallol
nnd the prisoner were told by the Dec
tor that medicines were useless All
that nnyonc could do for him was to
give him wine, nourishing food. I., i-p
him clean nnd attend to his Mires. The
Jailor was also told to report to the
doctor If the man should experience
pain, or If his condition should bc-comc
vvoisc. As he heard nothlns more ol
lilm, the Doctor, after the laps' of tin
days or so, supposed that the man war
as usual and that he had ren-lvj
The Doctor heard nothing whatever
nbout the state of the man. ur that
maggots had appeared In the sores on
his feet, until he hail been allowed to
be taken to his home. He then, ol
course, nttpnded Mm. bc-lnir reoui'steil
to do to by members of a benevolent
When the Doctor saw the weak stale
of the man. as said before, he told the
Jailor that he would speak to Super
intendent llenulils about removing
Plllpu to the Day View Home The;
Doctor did speak to Superintendent
Ileynolds. He told him that a dm tot
was of no use In such a case. That tin
man requited nursing, wine and nuur
Islilug food. Supt. Ileynolds replied,
nftcr visiting the man, that he would
not remove him, but thnt he would scq
thai he had every attention paid to hliq
by the Jailor, and that he would get
better treatment where he was, than
he would lecelvc at the Hay View
Home. Supt. Reynolds also told the
Doctor that the Jailor was fully abli
to look after the prisoner, and that hu
would he so Instruitcd.
On this understanding, the Doctor
considered that he gave the case Into
the hands of the Jailor, expecting to bg
called If his services were required.
As I said before, the Doctor was
never again Informed as to the condi
tion of the prisoner until he left tho
In conclusion I would bay that It is
the opinion of the Doctor's friends
here, that If his wishes had been re
speited. the Plllpo Mlklla Incident
would never have oicurred.
Kalaupapa, May 1. 1902.
Editor Evening Hullctln. The Ad
vertiser In Its issue of the "111 list,
published wilfully, libellous statements
in connection with a law case lu which
I am luteiested. I apprise 1 the editor
of the euoneous statements hut the
usual Advertiser tactics wr' adheied
to and by the dishonest Jouiunlisni of
the Advertiser 1 have to tei-k the p il -llilty
of the Hullctln for the pieseniu
Hon of the following Jtaf incut
"Will tho editor of the Advertiser do
me the justice to kjy- aneut an ei
1 nncous leport In the law louil . iilunin
of the "Hi Inst. Issue, that Prank Ood
fiey Is not defendant in any suit for
"foieclobiui. of mortgage' and that
the acts of the late Paul Neumann v-lth
icgaicl to the ehtate of Mm. Kiiinin Mit-
alf Ikalka met with the full i.ii.nuvnl
of Mr. Oodfiey. The Klducll-Gudfny
suit is on "injunction" nnd by 'vhlch
process Mr Kldvvell admits li lias no
title In law to iert.Un lainis, hut Is
permitted by the Supreme Court to en
deavor to establish a title lu equity "
Tho ubovo quoted portion was bund
ed In to the city editor of the paiitr but
publication has been withheld.
Honolulu. May 8, 1902.
ISURCIIARD CHUIiCt! I-IRH
New York, April 27 The riilr-
teenth street, Presbyterian ihurih,
which tho late Ilov. Samuel D. Hup
chaid founded and preached In for for
ty ears, was gutted by fire this nftir-
noon. The Interior was wrecked, but
the walls vveie damaged but little and
inn be used again. The church will be
rebuilt on Its present site.
Dr Hurihnrd attracted attention to
tho church and himself In 18SI while
the Illalne campaign was lu progress
It was then ho made his fumoiiB ad
diets for James G. Illalne, calling the
Democratic paity a patty of "Hum
Humanism nnd Ilebelllou." The speed
was credited with defeating Illalne fot
the Presidency. Tho lire was the thlid
In twelve e.ns In the ihurch. The
structure was built In IS!",
The Moorish Government has grant
ed to Fiance a contract for tho coining
of three million dollars' worth ot
Poultry - Supplies
hns been used for twenty-three years In the manufacture of
INCUBATORS AND BROODERS
because It has proven, superior to nil other kinds. It Is not only true
that Petaluma Incubators and Hioodcrs arc mado of the best lum
ber lu tho world, but every other article used In their construction
Is of tho htghcBt grnde, nnd tl creforo these "Standards of the
World" Incubators and llroodtrn occupy tho same relative position
to nil other Incubators and Uiocdcrs that the mighty California
Redwoods do to other trees.
It Is worth our while to rind In our late catalogue "A Hit ot
incubator History" You may havo n catalogue free by writing
for It. An Invoice of assorted sizes Just received by tho
PACIFIC HARDWARE CO., LTD,
Agentft for1 the Territory of llmvnll
Pretty nearly everything that you
can think of In thu harness lino is In
cluded In our big display.
livery harness wc sell Is a bargain,
and we sell all kinds from light track
vudroad to heavy coach and team
I arness. From no ono else can you
get tho harness value we give you.
Sole Agents J. A. McKerron's fine
Harness and Horse Boots.
C. F. Herrick Carriage Co.,
125 Merchant St., next to 6tanenwnld Building.
NEW GOODS IN ALL LINES
OF THE GROCERY TRADE
PER S, S, ALAMEDA : :!
SALTERS' GROCERY STORE
Fort Street, nhove Itcretnnln.
PER S, S.
RoblnHon Block, Hotel Street.
0$4'O000 - -
The Spring Poet: "Now,
I to8 twk i Wfk. Hi
l?wJ r db$ vmWL ill
X The Spring. Poet! "Now, what rhymes with 'rill?'" J
T Chicago Record-Herald.
in the market.
SILK AND CRAPE SHIRTS, PONGEE
SILK FOR SUITS, direct from the Orient,
BIG LINE OF KIMONAS. - -
what rhymes with 'rill?'" 1
Chicago Record-Herald. J
Agents, Broken and Jobbers.
W. G. Irwin & Co.
Western Sugar Refinery Company ot
Baldwin Locomotive Works of Phila
delphia, Pa.', U. S. A.
Newell Universal Mill Co. (National
Cann Shrcdder),New York, U.S.A.
N. Ohlandt & Co.'s Chemical Fertili
zers. Alex. Cross & Sons htgh-grado Peril
" llzers for Cnno and Coffeo.
Reed's Steam Pipe Covering.
ALSO OFFEIl FOR SALE:
Paradlno Paint Co.'s P.& B. Paints and
Papers; Lurol and Linseed OH,
raw and boiled.
Indurlno (a cold-water paint), In white
Filter Press Clothes, Cement, Lime and
CASTLES COOKE, Ltd
Tho Ewa Plantation Co.
Tho Walalua Agricultural Co., Ltd.
The Kohala Sugar Co.
Tho Waltnca Sugar Mill Co.
The Fulton Iron Works, St. Louis, Mo.
The Standard Oil Co.
Tho Ceo. F. Ulako Steam Pumps.
Tho Now England Life Insurance Co.
Tha Aetna Fire Ins. Co. of Hartford,
Tho Alliance Assurance Co. of London.
ALEXANDER & BALDWIIUtd
II. P. Daldwln President
J. U. Castle First Vice President
W. II. Alexander.. Second Vlco Pres.
J. P. Cooke Treasurer
W. O. Smith Secretary
Oco. II. Carter Auditor
Sugar Factors and
AGENTS for Hawaiian Commercial &
Sugar Co., Haiku Sugar Co., Pala Plan
tation Co., Nahlku Sugar Co., Klhel
Plantation Co.. Hawaiian Sugar Co.,
Kahulul Railroad Co.,
Wm. G. Irwin & Co
Wm. O. Irwin. .President and Manager
Claus Spreckels Vlco President
W. M. Olffard.. Second Vlco President
II. M. Whitney Jr.....Treas. and Sec.
Oeo. J. Ross Auditor
AGENTS OF THE
Oceanic Steamship Co.
OF SAN FRANCISCO. CAL.
LIFE and FIRE
Insurance - Agents
NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE IN
SURANCE CO. OF BOSTON.
AETNA FIRE INSURANCE COM
PANY OF HARTFORD.
C. Brewer & Co., Ltd.
Queen Street, Honolulu, T. H.
Hawaiian Acricultural r.n nnkntn
Sugar Plant. Co., Onomea Sugar Co.,
uonomu augar uo., wailuku Sugar Co..
Makee Sugar Co.,Haleakala Ranch Co.
Tho Planters' Lino of San Francisco
Packets. Chas. Brewer & Co.'s Line of
LIST OF OFFICERS:
C. M. Cooke, President; Oeorge
Robertson. Manncer: v.. P. Tllolmn
Treasurer and Secretary; Col. W. F.
Alien, Auditor; p. u, jonoB, H. Wa
terhouse and Qeo. II. Carter, Directors.
THE VON HAMM-YOUNG CO.,
Tho Lancashire Insurance Co.
Tho llaluibe Insurance Co.
Union Gas Engine Co.
Domestic Sewing Machine, Etc.
General Manager of
THE EQUITABLE LIFE
Of the United States for the
OFFICE, Merchant Street, Honolulu.
Design 7our own ledgers, cash
books, etc. If you pre undecided, we
will help you. That Is In our line and
the PRICE IS RIGHT, at the HVEN
BISHOP & CO,
Established In 18C8.
Transact business In all department
Collections carefully attended to.
Exchange bought and sold.
Commercial and Travelers' Letter
of Credit Issued on The Dank of Cali
fornia and N, M. Hothschlid & Sons,
Correspondents The Bank of Cali
fornia, Commercial Banking Co. of
Sydney, Ltd., London.
Drafts and cable transfers on China
and Japan through the Hongkong tt
Shanghai Banking corporation and
Chartered Bank ot India, Australia and
Interest allowed on term deposits at
me louowing rates per annum, viz:
seven days' notice, at Z per cent
Three months, at a per cent.
Six months, at 3 1-2 per cent.
Twelve months, at 4 per cent.
Act as Trustees under mortgages.
V-jage estates (real and personal).
Collect rents and dividends.
Valuable papers. Wills, Bonds, etc,
received for safe-keeping.
Auditors for Corporations and Pri
Books examined and reported on.
Statements of Affairs prepared.
Trustees on Bankrupt or Insolvent
OFFICE, 924 BETHEL STREET.
n SAVING DEPARTMENT
Deposits received and interest al
lowed at 4 1-2 per cent per annum. In
accordance with llules and Regula
tions, copies of whlci. may be obtained
FIRE, MARINE LIFE, ACCIDEN1
AND EMPLOYERS' LIABILITY IN
Insurance Office, 924 Bethel StreeL
Wm. G. Irwin
Claus Spreckels & Co.
HONOLULU, : : T. H.
San Pranrlipn A,. Tkn m
vada National Bank of San Francisco.
San Franelien Tkn Uwail. ?..
tlonal Bank of San Francisco.
London The Union Bank ot Lon
New York AniArlrnn TfThnnr.j M.
Chicago Merchants' National Bank.
Paris Credit Lyonnals.
Berlin Dresdner Bank.
Honakonn inH Vlfnh.mq Tm...
kong-Sbanghat Banking Corporation.
New Zealand and Australia Bank
of New Zealand.
Victoria lnri Vonpnnu. Dank nt
British North America.
Deposits received. Loans made in
approved security. Commercial asd
Traveler' Credlta Issued. Bills ot Ex
change bought and sold.
collections, Promptly Accounted For,
Pioneer Building and Loan
A8SET8, JUNE So, 1M1, I80.MJJ7.
Honey loaned on approved security.
A Saving Bank for monthly deposit.
Houses built on the monthly Install
Twenty-third Serlei nt atnr-, i. ......
OFFICERS -J. L. McLean. Presi
dent: A. A. Wilder, Vice President;
O. Ft. ftrftv Tran.iiM.. . IP -i
DIRECTORS J. L. McLean. A.
A. Wilder, A. V. Oear. C. B. Qray.
J. D. IIOlL A. W K-.wu.li T A I ..I-
Jr., J. M. Little, U. S. Boyd.
A. V. OEAR.
Offlc Hours: is: 30 1:30 p. m.
The Yokohama Specie Bank
Subscribed Capital.... Ten J4.O0O.00O
ram up capital Yen 18.000,000
Reserved Fund Yen 8,710,000
HEAD OFFICE, YOKOHAMA.
The Bank hiivn .inri runaka. .n. i
lection Bills ot Exchange, Issues Drafts
and Letters of Credit, and transacts a
general banking business.
On Fixed per cent
Deposit. pr annum.
For 12 months 4
For 6 months 1
For 3 months s
Branch of the Yokohama Specie Bank.
New Republic Bid., 11, King Street
AT HAMOA, MAUI.
Hill Mnrhlnnrv rnmn1otn nr In no rt
consisting of one 30"x60" 5-roller mill,
ii. i. wkb. maxe, I'uinam Engine,
Vac. Pnn. TVlllhln V.tfnMa ei.ilfla.a
Centrifugals, Vac. Pumps, etc.. etc.
j-urceis oi ianu, interest in Hul
LandB, Houses, Work Animals, Carts,
Harness, Plows, Tools of all sorts.
For nnrtfrtllnrfl nnnlv tn Xfl 1 I
MYERS. Manager, at Hamoa. Maul', or
10 u. iniKWEll & COMPANY, LTD,
Dated Honolulu, March 4th, 1902.
The weekly edition of the Evening
Bulletin Is the largest and best pub
lished In tho Territory. Sixteen and
twenty pages. II a year.
Primary, Secondary or Tertiary Wood Poison
r.ra.i.kll ftni. Ta lu h tntM At t MM
i.Brkilr. If ft. fc.li Ul p.mr;, loaUa
44 .1111 fctt ulii . d.Cm, Bunt r.lifc U BfHifc,
lr TkrtU, Nla. Cr CeLr4 BkMt, ttori
taf tr1 f IL fcd, Bklr Sjtlirtvt Ii!ll ! wrm
Cook Remedy Co.
Dl 4tU TtantUtrblou. IIU far r4fitr. tt
I 1l lOtVOOO. ITihIMIiimhI Mbitl taN. W fc